Alberta is a western province of Canada. With an estimated population of 4,067,175 as of 2016 census, it is Canada's fourth most populous province and the most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces, its area is about 660,000 square kilometres. Alberta and its neighbour Saskatchewan were districts of the Northwest Territories until they were established as provinces on September 1, 1905; the premier has been Rachel Notley since May 2015. Alberta is bounded by the provinces of British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, the U. S. state of Montana to the south. Alberta is one of three Canadian provinces and territories to border only a single U. S. state and one of only two landlocked provinces. It has a predominantly humid continental climate, with stark contrasts over a year. Alberta's capital, Edmonton, is near the geographic centre of the province and is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's crude oil, the Athabasca oil sands and other northern resource industries.
About 290 km south of the capital is the largest city in Alberta. Calgary and Edmonton centre Alberta's two census metropolitan areas, both of which have populations exceeding one million, while the province has 16 census agglomerations. Tourist destinations in the province include Banff, Drumheller, Sylvan Lake and Lake Louise. Alberta is named after the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. Princess Louise was the wife of Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada. Lake Louise and Mount Alberta were named in her honour. Alberta, with an area of 661,848 km2, is the fourth-largest province after Quebec and British Columbia. To the south, the province borders on the 49th parallel north, separating it from the U. S. state of Montana, while to the north the 60th parallel north divides it from the Northwest Territories. To the east, the 110th meridian west separates it from the province of Saskatchewan, while on the west its boundary with British Columbia follows the 120th meridian west south from the Northwest Territories at 60°N until it reaches the Continental Divide at the Rocky Mountains, from that point follows the line of peaks marking the Continental Divide in a southeasterly direction until it reaches the Montana border at 49°N.
The province extends 660 km east to west at its maximum width. Its highest point is 3,747 m at the summit of Mount Columbia in the Rocky Mountains along the southwest border while its lowest point is 152 m on the Slave River in Wood Buffalo National Park in the northeast. With the exception of the semi-arid steppe of the south-eastern section, the province has adequate water resources. There are numerous lakes used for swimming, fishing and a range of water sports. There are three large lakes, Lake Claire in Wood Buffalo National Park, Lesser Slave Lake, Lake Athabasca which lies in both Alberta and Saskatchewan; the longest river in the province is the Athabasca River which travels 1,538 km from the Columbia Icefield in the Rocky Mountains to Lake Athabasca. The largest river is the Peace River with an average flow of 2161 m3/s; the Peace River originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows through northern Alberta and into the Slave River, a tributary of the Mackenzie River.
Alberta's capital city, Edmonton, is located at about the geographic centre of the province. It is the most northerly major city in Canada, serves as a gateway and hub for resource development in northern Canada; the region, with its proximity to Canada's largest oil fields, has most of western Canada's oil refinery capacity. Calgary is about 280 km south of Edmonton and 240 km north of Montana, surrounded by extensive ranching country. 75% of the province's population lives in the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor. The land grant policy to the railroads served as a means to populate the province in its early years. Most of the northern half of the province is boreal forest, while the Rocky Mountains along the southwestern boundary are forested; the southern quarter of the province is prairie, ranging from shortgrass prairie in the southeastern corner to mixed grass prairie in an arc to the west and north of it. The central aspen parkland region extending in a broad arc between the prairies and the forests, from Calgary, north to Edmonton, east to Lloydminster, contains the most fertile soil in the province and most of the population.
Much of the unforested part of Alberta is given over either to grain or to dairy farming, with mixed farming more common in the north and centre, while ranching and irrigated agriculture predominate in the south. The Alberta badlands are located in southeastern Alberta, where the Red Deer River crosses the flat prairie and farmland, features deep canyons and striking landforms. Dinosaur Provincial Park, near Brooks, showcases the badlands terrain, desert flora, remnants from Alberta's past when dinosaurs roamed the lush landscape. Alberta has a humid continental climate with cold winters; the province is open to cold arctic weather systems from the north, which produce cold conditions in winter. As the fronts between the air masses shift north and south across Alberta, the temperature can change rapidly. Arctic
Digital television is the transmission of television signals, including the sound channel, using digital encoding, in contrast to the earlier television technology, analog television, in which the video and audio are carried by analog signals. It is an innovative advance that represents the first significant evolution in television technology since color television in the 1950s. Digital TV transmits in a new image format called HDTV, with greater resolution than analog TV, in a wide screen aspect ratio similar to recent movies in contrast to the narrower screen of analog TV, it makes more economical use of scarce radio spectrum space. A transition from analog to digital broadcasting began around 2006 in some countries, many industrial countries have now completed the changeover, while other countries are in various stages of adaptation. Different digital television broadcasting standards have been adopted in different parts of the world; this standard has been adopted in Europe, Asia, total about 60 countries.
Advanced Television System Committee uses eight-level vestigial sideband for terrestrial broadcasting. This standard has been adopted by 6 countries: United States, Mexico, South Korea, Dominican Republic and Honduras. Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting is a system designed to provide good reception to fixed receivers and portable or mobile receivers, it utilizes two-dimensional interleaving. It supports hierarchical transmission of up to three layers and uses MPEG-2 video and Advanced Audio Coding; this standard has been adopted in Japan and the Philippines. ISDB-T International is an adaptation of this standard using H.264/MPEG-4 AVC that been adopted in most of South America and is being embraced by Portuguese-speaking African countries. Digital Terrestrial Multimedia Broadcasting adopts time-domain synchronous OFDM technology with a pseudo-random signal frame to serve as the guard interval of the OFDM block and the training symbol; the DTMB standard has been adopted in the People's Republic including Hong Kong and Macau.
Digital Multimedia Broadcasting is a digital radio transmission technology developed in South Korea as part of the national IT project for sending multimedia such as TV, radio and datacasting to mobile devices such as mobile phones, laptops and GPS navigation systems. Digital TV's roots have been tied closely to the availability of inexpensive, high performance computers, it wasn't until the 1990s. In the mid-1980s, as Japanese consumer electronics firms forged ahead with the development of HDTV technology, as the MUSE analog format was proposed by Japan's public broadcaster NHK as a worldwide standard, Japanese advancements were seen as pacesetters that threatened to eclipse U. S. electronics companies. Until June 1990, the Japanese MUSE standard—based on an analog system—was the front-runner among the more than 23 different technical concepts under consideration. An American company, General Instrument, demonstrated the feasibility of a digital television signal; this breakthrough was of such significance that the FCC was persuaded to delay its decision on an ATV standard until a digitally based standard could be developed.
In March 1990, when it became clear that a digital standard was feasible, the FCC made a number of critical decisions. First, the Commission declared that the new ATV standard must be more than an enhanced analog signal, but be able to provide a genuine HDTV signal with at least twice the resolution of existing television images. To ensure that viewers who did not wish to buy a new digital television set could continue to receive conventional television broadcasts, it dictated that the new ATV standard must be capable of being "simulcast" on different channels; the new ATV standard allowed the new DTV signal to be based on new design principles. Although incompatible with the existing NTSC standard, the new DTV standard would be able to incorporate many improvements; the final standard adopted by the FCC did not require a single standard for scanning formats, aspect ratios, or lines of resolution. This outcome resulted from a dispute between the consumer electronics industry and the computer industry over which of the two scanning processes—interlaced or progressive—is superior.
Interlaced scanning, used in televisions worldwide, scans even-numbered lines first odd-numbered ones. Progressive scanning, the format used in computers, scans lines in sequences, from top to bottom; the computer industry argued that progressive scanning is superior because it does not "flicker" in the manner of interlaced scanning. It argued that progressive scanning enables easier connections with the Internet, is more cheaply converted to interlaced formats than vice versa; the film industry supported progressive scanning because it offers a more efficient means of converting filmed programming into digital formats. For their part, the consumer electronics industry and broadcasters argued that interlaced scanning was the only technology that could transmit the highest quality pictures feasible, i.e. 1,080 lines per picture and 1,920 pixels per line. Broadcasters favored interlaced scanning because their vast archive of interlaced
CIVT-DT, UHF channel 32, is a CTV owned-and-operated television station located in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The station is owned by Bell Media, as part of a twinstick with Victoria-based CTV Two owned-and-operated station CIVI-DT. CIVT maintains studio facilities located at 969 Robson Street at the intersection of Robson Street and Burrard Street in downtown Vancouver, its transmitter is located atop Mount Seymour. On cable, the station is available on Shaw Cable channel 9, Optik TV channel 101 and Rogers Cable channel 112. On satellite, the station is available on Shaw Direct classic lineup channel 321 or advanced lineup channel 004 and Bell TV channel 250. There is a high definition feed on Shaw Cable digital channel 210, Optik TV digital channel 101 and channel 9101, Shaw Direct classic lineup channel 004 and advanced lineup channel 504, Bell TV channel 1151. CIVT is the only full-fledged CTV station in British Columbia, as well as in the Pacific Time Zone. However, the station only maintains one terrestrial transmitter.
Despite transmitting at an effective radiated power of 33 kW, it only reaches Vancouver and neighbouring Whatcom County, Washington. Accordingly, the station relies on cable and satellite distribution to reach the rest of British Columbia, making it something of a weak link in the CTV network. In the Mountain Time Zone portion of the province, CIVT is either carried on a higher channel number or is unavailable altogether. Calgary sister station CFCN is the default CTV station for southeastern British Columbia and has long operated rebroadcasters in this region, while Edmonton sister CFRN serves as the default CTV station for the northeastern part of the province; until 2012, when CBC Television owned-and-operated station CBUT-DT shut down its rebroadcasters due to funding reductions, CIVT was the only Vancouver station out of Canada's three major television networks to be cable- and satellite-exclusive outside of the city. CIVT was the only CTV network station to broadcast its primary signal on UHF prior to the digital transition.
Although Industry Canada technically requires Canadian television stations to identify themselves over-the-air by their call letters, this rule is enforced, most Canadian stations identify themselves by their brand name rather than their callsign. On-air, CIVT identifies itself as "CTV". Where a channel reference is warranted, it uses "Channel 9", its primary cable channel number on most cable systems in southwestern British Columbia; the process that led to the launch of CIVT began when Rogers Communications and Canwest Global Communications filed separate applications with the Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission in August 1995 and January 1996, to launch new television stations in the Vancouver/Victoria market. In line with the commission's usual practice, the CRTC issued a general call for applications in March 1996, with a public hearing that September. In all, five applications were considered: Rogers proposed a multicultural station similar to its CFMT in Toronto, to replace an existing regional specialty channel, Talentvision.
The commission's decision, released on January 31, 1997, approved the Baton/Electrohome application and denied the others. The prospective Rogers station was denied because it would have replaced some of Talentvision's existing ethnic programming with U. S. syndicated fare. Moreover, Talentvision's existing owner indicated there was "no plan to abandon at this time"; as for Canwest, the commission determined that the existence of the CHAN/CHEK twinstick did not justify licensing a new station to a company serving the market. The three proposals for an independent station in Vancouver were all determined to be high-calibre. However, the deciding factor in favour of Baton/Electrohome was a commitment to air new Vancouver-produced programming across all of Baton's and Electrohome's stations, a promise that the smaller CHUM and Craig station groups could not match. CIVT first signed on the air on September 22, 1997, under the brand "Vancouver Television"; the station's newscasts emulated the format of CityPulse on Toronto's CITY-TV, with a morning programme and evening newscasts, in which the anchors stood up and moved throughout the studio.
The Toronto station's founder, Moses Znaimer, went so far as to claim that his former protégé, Baton chief executive Ivan Fecan, had stolen CITY's format
CFTO-DT, VHF channel 9, is the flagship station of the CTV Television Network located in Toronto, Canada. The station is owned by Bell Media, as part of a twinstick with Barrie-based CTV Two owned-and-operated station CKVR-DT and is sister to 24-hour regional news channel CP24. CFTO maintains studio facilities located at 9 Channel Nine Court in Agincourt, its transmitter facilities are located atop the CN Tower in downtown Toronto; the station shares the Agincourt studio complex with CTV's headquarters, which includes studios for the network's news programming, along with most of Bell Media's specialty channels. CTV News has in fact been based at CFTO's studios for most of its history, dating back to the days when the network was a cooperative from the station's establishment on January 1, 1961. CFTO is the largest CTV owned-and-operated station, in terms of market size, whose studio facilities are not located in its main city of service's downtown area; the station is available in HD through its corporate sibling, Bell TV channel 1051.
On cable, CFTO is available on Rogers Cable channels 8 and 108 in the Greater Toronto Area and a high-definition feed available on Rogers Cable digital channel 518. The station first signed on the air at 10:00 p.m. on December 31, 1960. The inaugural programme broadcast on CFTO was a telethon hosted by Joel Aldred, complete with a fireworks ceremony; the telethon was for what was known as the Ontario Association for Community Living. The station was founded by Baton-Aldred-Rogers Broadcasting, a joint venture between Telegram Corporation, Aldred-Rogers Broadcasting and Foster Hewitt Broadcasting; the Baton portion of the name was pronounced, rather than the conducting tool's traditional pronunciation. The station's first children's show, shown on weekday afternoons, was The Professor's Hideaway, starring Stan Francis. American television network ABC held a minority share in the partnership, which it sold to each of the partners shortly before CFTO-TV went on the air. Ted Rogers' uncle J. Elsworth Rogers was a minority owner of Western Ontario Broadcasting, Ltd. owners of CKLW-TV in Windsor, Ontario.
The station's original studio and transmitter facilities were located at 1550 McCowan Road renamed 9 Channel Nine Court. In March 1961, Aldred sold his interest in the station, on October 1 of that year, CFTO became a charter affiliate of CTV, as well as the network's flagship station. In 1970, Ted Rogers sold his interest in CFTO and the Bassett-Eaton group sold their interest in Rogers Cable in an exchange of assets. On May 31, 1976, CFTO began transmitting its signal from the CN Tower, while its studios remained in Agincourt. CFTO began broadcasting in stereo in 1985. In 1991, the station joined with several other Ontario stations to form Ontario Network Television, which evolved into the Baton Broadcast System, a subsystem within the CTV network. In 1995, CFTO began operating rebroadcast stations at Bobcaygeon; when CTV's stations proposed to buy the network and run it as a cooperative in 1966, the Board of Broadcast Governors balked at the proposal. CFTO was by far the largest and most profitable station.
This led to fears. The BBG was only appeased when the station owners promised that each owner would have an equal vote, regardless of how large it was; as it turned out, Baton grew powerful enough that it was able to buy controlling interest in CTV in 1997, changing its name to CTV Inc. in 1998. On January 27, 1998, the Eaton family sold its 41% interest in CTV. On that same day, the Baton Broadcast System merged into CTV. With rumours of an impending takeover, Bell Canada proposed to buy CTV Inc. for $2.3 billion. The deal still required approval from the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission, but with the promise of the largest benefits package presented to the regulators, the deal was approved on December 7 that year. By February 2005, the station stopped using its call letters in its on-air branding, a branding convention that became official on several CTV stations throughout the country in October 2005. BCE sold most of its interest in CTV, with the parent company being renamed CTVglobemedia.
BCE Inc. reacquired 100% control of CTVglobemedia's assets for $1.3 billion in 2011, with the parent company being renamed once again to Bell Media. As CFTO serves as CTV's flagship station, its schedule is identical to the CTV network schedule. A identical schedule is used on the other CTV stations in Southern Ontario, CJOH in Ottawa and CKCO in Kitchener, as CFTO acts as master control for these stations. Any discrepancies with other stations would be limited to local infomercials and religious programming o
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada. Centred on the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers, it is near the longitudinal centre of North America 110 kilometres north of the Canada–United States border; the city is named after the nearby Lake Winnipeg. The region was a trading centre for aboriginal peoples long before the arrival of Europeans. French traders built the first fort on the site in 1738. A settlement was founded by the Selkirk settlers of the Red River Colony in 1812, the nucleus of, incorporated as the City of Winnipeg in 1873; as of 2011, Winnipeg is the seventh most populated municipality in Canada. Being far inland, the local climate is seasonal by Canadian standards with average January lows of around −21 °C and average July highs of 26 °C. Known as the "Gateway to the West", Winnipeg is a railway and transportation hub with a diversified economy; this multicultural city hosts numerous annual festivals, including the Festival du Voyageur, the Winnipeg Folk Festival, the Jazz Winnipeg Festival, the Winnipeg Fringe Theatre Festival, Folklorama.
Winnipeg was the first Canadian host of the Pan American Games. It is home to several professional sports franchises, including the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, the Winnipeg Jets, Manitoba Moose, Valour FC, the Winnipeg Goldeyes. Winnipeg lies at the confluence of the Assiniboine and the Red River of the North, a location now known as "The Forks"; this point was at the crossroads of canoe routes travelled by First Nations before European contact. Winnipeg is named after nearby Lake Winnipeg. Evidence provided by archaeology, rock art and oral history indicates that native peoples used the area in prehistoric times for camping, hunting, tool making, trading and, farther north, for agriculture. Estimates of the date of first settlement in this area range from 11,500 years ago for a site southwest of the present city to 6,000 years ago at The Forks. In 1805, Canadian colonists observed First Nations peoples engaged in farming activity along the Red River; the practice expanded, driven by the demand by traders for provisions.
The rivers provided an extensive transportation network linking northern First Peoples with those to the south along the Missouri and Mississippi rivers. The Ojibwe made some of the first maps on birch bark, which helped fur traders navigate the waterways of the area. Sieur de La Vérendrye built the first fur trading post on the site in 1738, called Fort Rouge. French trading continued at this site for several decades before the arrival of the British Hudson's Bay Company after France ceded the territory following its defeat in the Seven Years' War. Many French men who were trappers married First Nations women, they developed as an ethnicity known as the Métis because of sharing a traditional culture. Lord Selkirk was involved with the first permanent settlement, the purchase of land from the Hudson's Bay Company, a survey of river lots in the early 19th century; the North West Company built Fort Gibraltar in 1809, the Hudson's Bay Company built Fort Douglas in 1812, both in the area of present-day Winnipeg.
The two companies competed fiercely over trade. The Métis and Lord Selkirk's settlers fought at the Battle of Seven Oaks in 1816. In 1821, the Hudson's Bay and North West Companies merged. Fort Gibraltar was renamed Fort Garry in 1822 and became the leading post in the region for the Hudson's Bay Company. A flood destroyed the fort in 1826 and it was not rebuilt until 1835. A rebuilt section of the fort, consisting of the front gate and a section of the wall, is near the modern-day corner of Main Street and Broadway Avenue in downtown Winnipeg. In 1869–70, present-day Winnipeg was the site of the Red River Rebellion, a conflict between the local provisional government of Métis, led by Louis Riel, newcomers from eastern Canada. General Garnet Wolseley was sent to put down the uprising; the Manitoba Act of 1870 made Manitoba the fifth province of the three-year-old Canadian Confederation. Treaty 1, which encompassed the city and much of the surrounding area, was signed on 3 August 1871 by representatives of the Crown and local Indigenous groups, comprising the Brokenhead Ojibway, Long Plain, Roseau River Anishinabe, Sandy Bay and Swan Lake communities.
On 8 November 1873, Winnipeg was incorporated with the Selkirk settlement as its nucleus. Métis legislator and interpreter James McKay named the city. Winnipeg's mandate was to govern and provide municipal services to citizens attracted to trade expansion between Upper Fort Garry / Lower Fort Garry and Saint Paul, Minnesota. Winnipeg developed after the coming of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1881; the railway divided the North End, which housed Eastern Europeans, from the richer Anglo-Saxon southern part of the city. It contributed to a demographic shift beginning shortly after Confederation that saw the francophone population decrease from a majority to a small minority group; this shift resulted in Premier Thomas Greenway controversially ending legislative bilingualism and removing funding for French Catholic Schools in 1890. By 1911, Winnipeg was Canada's third-largest city. However, the city faced financial difficulty when the Panama Canal opened in 1914; the canal reduced reliance on Canada's rail system for international trade.
CFQC-DT, VHF channel 8, is a CTV owned-and-operated station located in Saskatoon, Canada. The station is owned by Bell Media. CFQC's studios are located on 1st Avenue North and 23rd Street East in the Central Business District neighbourhood, its transmitter is located near Highway 41 and Burgheim Road, northeast of Saskatoon; the station operates rebroadcast transmitters in Stranraer and North Battleford. This station can be seen on SaskTel Max channel 4 and 304 in HD, Shaw Cable channel 9, Bell TV channel 249, Shaw Direct and in high definition on digital channel 210. CFQC-TV first signed on the air on December 5, 1954; the first program broadcast was a film of the 42nd Grey Cup game, followed by assorted entertainment programs and the station's first newscast. CFQC reported the next day that 40,000 viewers had tuned in, with the station's signal reported to have been received as far away as 40 miles south of Regina. A CBC affiliate, as early as 1967, the Murphys wanted to switch to CTV. However, these plans were put on hold in November 1967 when the federal government denied an application for a new CBC station, citing budget cuts, among other reasons.
However, Regina's CBKRT won permission to set up a rebroadcaster in Saskatoon. CFQC-TV, started airing CTV programs on tape delay in 1969, becoming a full-time CTV affiliate on October 17, 1971 when CBKST signed on as a rebroadcaster of CBKRT; the Murphy family bowed out of broadcasting in 1972 and sold CFQC-AM-TV to Baton Broadcasting, owners of CTV's flagship station, CFTO-TV in Toronto. There were some concerns that the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission would not approve of one person owning two CTV stations if that person was Baton, by far the largest and richest station owner. At the time, CTV was a cooperative based on the concept of "one owner, one vote." However, a provision in the cooperative's bylaws provided that if one owner bought a second station, the acquired station's shares would be redistributed among the other seven owners so that each owner would still have only one vote out of eight. The CRTC approved the deal in late 1972, the Murphy family earned a handsome return on patriarch Pappy Murphy's original investment when he founded CFQC radio in 1923.
In 1986, Baton purchased CKCK-TV in Regina and CBC/CTV twinsticks in Yorkton and Prince Albert, Saskatchewan. CFQC-TV became the centre of Baton's Saskatchewan operations. In 1987, Baton's six Saskatchewan stations began branding as the Saskatchewan Television Network, which joined with Baton's Ontario stations in 1994 as the Baton Broadcast System. Baton bought controlling interest in CTV in 1997. In the past, it identified itself as "CFQC", "TV8" and "QC8, Saskatoon Television." Although now known as "CTV Saskatoon", per the current branding standards for CTV affiliates, many longtime viewers in central and northern Saskatchewan still refer to the station as "QC" or "QC8". A number of local programs were produced at CFQC's Saskatoon studios over the years. Children's television host Helen Lumby hosted a kindergarten-focused show at CFQC in her early career, before moving on to create Size Small. In the 1970s and 1980s the station aired a number of public affairs programs with titles playing on the "Q" element of the station identity, such as Big Q Country and Q-Line.
CFQC produced a companion program to the national Canada AM morning show titled Saskatchewan AM, which combined local news with children's programming such as reruns of Rocket Robin Hood. From 1954 until 1991, CFQC-TV shared some on-air personnel such as newsreaders with CFQC-AM, as well as studio facilities; this ended. The radio station continued to share the CFQC call letters after it moved to the FM dial in 1995. In 2007, CFQC-FM changed call letters to CKBL-FM, leaving the TV station the only user of the original call letters dating back to 1923. Master control facilities for all CTV Saskatchewan stations including CFQC-TV were relocated to 9 Channel Nine Court in Toronto, home to longtime sister station and CTV flagship CFTO-TV at the turn of the 21st century; as with its Regina sister station, its programming is aired in pattern with that of Winnipeg sister station CKY-DT, with primetime programming running from 7:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m. with east coast stations, CTV's 7:00 p.m. ET programming bumped to 10:00 p.m..
However, as Saskatchewan does not observe daylight saving time and remains on Central Standard Time year-round, programming is delayed by an hour in comparison to CKY when DST is in effect. As with all other CTV stations in Saskatchewan, it broadcasts the annual Telemiracle telethon in March, supporting the Kinsmen and Kinettes of Saskatchewan. CFQC-DT broadcasts 27 hours of locally produced newscasts each week. Alumni of CFQC's news department include Keith Morrison, who went on to become the weekend anchor of the CTV National News before joining NBC, Don Wittman, who became a sports commentator for the CBC. Dawna Friesen, after a stint at CFQC, furthered her career in U. S. broadcast journalism before becoming anchor of the Global network's national newscast Global National in 2010. Natasha Staniszewski had a stint with CFQC
Bell MTS Inc. is a subsidiary of BCE Inc. that operates telecommunications services in the Canadian province of Manitoba. The company's head office is located in MTS Place on Main Street, in Downtown Winnipeg, Manitoba. MTS is the descendant company of Manitoba Government Telephones, which went into operation in January 1908 after the government of Manitoba bought Bell Canada's Manitoba operations; the Crown corporation became Manitoba Telephone System in 1921, absorbed all private telephone operations in the province. In 1996, the Provincial government of Premier Gary Filmon decided to sell the Manitoba Telephone System to private shareholders; the decision to privatize was seen as controversial, as it marked a significant departure from the Progressive Conservatives' earlier position that MTS should remain provincially owned. On March 17, 2017, Bell re-gained control of MTS after closing its $3.9 billion acquisition of the provider. For regulatory reasons, Bell will divest a third of MTS's wireless business to Telus, a smaller portion to the new entrant Xplornet.
Under Bell ownership, Bell MTS will serve as the headquarters of Bell's telecom businesses in Western Canada. Bell MTS is the naming rights holder of two venues in Winnipeg. At midnight on June 21, 1959, Winnipeg was the first urban area in North America to implement the 9-9-9 emergency telephone number. In the late 1950s, MTS located one of its administrative offices on Empress St. near the newly opened Polo Park Shopping Centre complex. In 2001 these employees were moved to 333 Main St. known as MTS Place, where 1200 employees now work. This formed part of the Province's Downtown First strategy. In the late 1970s, similar to policy changes implemented by AT&T in the U. S. MTS allowed its customers to purchase their own telephone equipment and with this, provided free installation of RJ11 telephone jacks. In the Spring of 1979, MTS announced that it would be a pioneer in Telidon-based two-way electronic information services; the trial was called "Project IDA" and ran from 1980 to 1981. MTS was a pioneer in offering videotex at the commercial level.
In 1981, it partnered with Infomart to create the Grassroots service, providing information relevant to farmers on the Canadian prairies. Customers paid $47.50 per month to subscribe to Grassroots, plus connection fees to DATAPAC. Terminal equipment was manufactured by Norpak, they opened MTS Phone Centre stores in shopping malls to sell residential and business phones and services, in 1984 opened two MTS Business Centre locations to provide sales of business-level equipment. In the mid-1980s, MTS started a subsidiary known as MTX, which had invested in telecommunications in Saudi Arabia; however MTX was forced to shut down after controversy about the company back in Manitoba after MTX lost $27 million on the venture. In the late 1980s MTS launched MTS Mobility providing cellular and paging services in Manitoba. In 1996 and in a controversial decision, the Provincial government decided to sell the Manitoba Telephone System to private shareholders; the vote to privatize MTS was held in early December 1996.
In January 1999, MTS partnered with Bell Canada to form Intrigna, a Competitive Local Exchange Carrier, created to expand telecommunications options for the business market in Alberta and British Columbia. As part of the deal, Bell Canada gained 20% ownership of MTS, they set up a jointly operated office in Calgary. By the summer of 1999, fibre optic cable had been laid in Edmonton and Calgary, extended to Vancouver, British Columbia. In August 1999, MTS completed work on a new trunked radio system known as FleetNet 800, technology licensed from neighbouring SaskTel. In the Fall of 1999, MTS began to offer DSL high-speed Internet service in Winnipeg and Brandon, which expanded to other areas of the province; the CRTC met with the various telecommunications providers in Canada and required of them to implement a Service Improvement Plan. This meant that MTS had to improve service to northern remote areas that by the 21st century had poor quality phone service. Customers in northern Manitoba complained that the microwave system could not handle data communications well.
This, as well as the collapse of a microwave relay tower linking Churchill in early January 2000, lead MTS to initiate upgrades to the Radisson-Churchill corridor with fibre optics and the Lynn Lake-Thompson corridor with a digital microwave system to replace the outdated equipment. Cellular telephone service is available to 98% of population in the province. In 2003, MTS purchased the naming rights for the True North Centre in downtown Winnipeg, renaming it the MTS Centre; the 10-year deal between True North Sports & Entertainment and MTS, MTS's single largest advertising expenditure, was extended when the arena became a National Hockey League venue in 2011. In February 2004, MTS sold its 40% stake in Intrigna to Bell Canada for $230 million. In April 2004, MTS acquired Allstream, the successor to the transcontinental railways' telegraph businesses, it renamed the main subsidiary to MTS Allstream Inc. until 2012, when it was split as MTS Inc. and Allstream Inc. On December 7, 2005, former BCE executive Pierre Blouin was named Chief Executive Officer of Manitoba Telecom Services and of MTS Allstream, replacing longtime CEO Bill Fraser.
On March 31, 2011 MTS launched a HSPA+ wireless network along with the availability Apple's iPhone series of smartphones starting with the iPhone 4. The wireless network had claims it would provide data speeds up