Llanelli railway station
Llanelli railway station is the railway station serving the town of Llanelli, Wales. It is located on the West Wales line and the Heart of Wales line 11 1⁄4 miles west of Swansea by rail; the station and the majority of trains calling are operated by Transport for Wales. It is located between two level crossings that were upgraded in the 1970s. In 2015, Network Rail carried out a further upgrade which saw the control of these level crossings pass from the Grade-II listed Llanelli West signal box to Port Talbot Panel Signal Box using CCTV; the station is staffed, with the ticket office on platform 2. A self-service ticket machine is provided for use when the booking office is closed and for collecting advance purchase/pre-paid tickets; the main buildings on this platform house a newsagents shop, help point and post box. Platform 1 has bench seating and a customer help point. Digital CIS displays, timetable posters and automated announcements provide train running information; the platforms are linked by a footbridge with steps, but level access is possible to both platforms using the east level crossing and nearby road.
Transport for Wales operate an hourly service in each direction along the West Wales Line, from Manchester Piccadilly and Cardiff Central via Swansea to Carmarthen, with two-hourly extensions to Milford Haven. There is a separate between Swansea and Pembroke Dock via Tenby that calls, along with the twice-daily service to and from Fishguard Harbour that runs to connect with the ferry to/from Rosslare; the daily Great Western Railway service between Carmarthen and London Paddington calls here. Great Western Railway operates a summer Saturday service between London and Pembroke Dock. There are four trains a day in each direction on the Heart of Wales line to Shrewsbury, plus a fifth morning peak train to/from as Llandovery. Two trains each way operate on the line on Sundays; as the line from Swansea enters Llanelli from the east, these trains must reverse direction here to continue their journeys. Transport for Wales' boat trains to and from Fishguard Harbour serve the station. Two other services to & from there call since the branch service was improved in 2011.
This route has been in existence since 1906. Llanelli railway station was the scene for the Llanelli Riots of 1911; the Llanelli Riots took place on 19 August 1911. Their immediate cause was the first railway strike which lasted only two days; the strike started on Thursday evening, by Saturday evening two young men had been shot dead by the military. One man was killed when a railway truck exploded and, on the following day, three more people died from their injuries; the story of the Riots is set in a period of great industrial unrest, involves prominent figures on the international scene such as Lloyd George, Winston Churchill, King George V, Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany. Train times and station information for Llanelli railway station from National Rail
The coaching inn was a vital part of Europe's inland transport infrastructure until the development of the railway, providing a resting point for people and horses. The inn served the needs of travellers, for food and rest; the attached stables, staffed by hostlers, cared for the horses, including changing a tired team for a fresh one. Coaching inns were used by private travellers in their coaches, the public riding stagecoaches between one town and another, the mail coach. Just as with roadhouses in other countries, although many survive, some still offer overnight accommodation, in general coaching inns have lost their original function and now operate as ordinary pubs. Coaching inns stabled teams of horses for stagecoaches and mail coaches and replaced tired teams with fresh teams. Traditionally they were seven miles apart but this depended much on the terrain; some English towns had as many as ten such inns and rivalry between them was intense, not only for the income from the stagecoach operators but for the revenue for food and drink supplied to the passengers.
Barnet, Hertfordshire still has an unusually high number of historic pubs along its high street due to its former position on the Great North Road from London to the North of England. There were many coaching inns in; the only remaining one with the galleries to the bedrooms above is The George Inn, owned by the National Trust and still run as a pub. Many have been demolished and plaques mark their location; the Nomura building close to the Museum of London on London Wall commemorates the "Bull and Mouth" Inn. Historic inns in Oxford include The Bear the Lamb & Flag; those in Wales include the Groes Inn. The Black Lion in Cardigan is the oldest Welsh coaching inn. A pair of coaching inns alongside the former A5 road or the old Roman road Watling Street in Stony Stratford, named respectively'The Cock' and'The Bull', are said to have given rise to the term "cock and bull stories." Coaches or the Mail coach would stop in the town on their way from London to the North and many a traveller's tall tale would be further embellished as it passed between the two hostelries, fuelled by ale and an interested audience.
Hence any suspiciously elaborate tale would become a bull story. This is a bull story in itself, however; the phrase, first recorded in 1621, may instead be an allusion to Aesop's fables, with their incredible talking animals. As this predates coaching inns, the names of the two inns could have been a reference to "Cock and Bull stories" as to encourage the passing of such anecdotes within their doors. Coaching Era, The: Stage and Mail Coach Travel in and Around Bath and Somerset, Roy Gallop, Fiducia, ISBN 1-85026-019-2 Coaching inns. By Anne Woodley. Stagecoaches and Coaching Inns. Cottontown. Photos of examples of what may be considered coaching inns in geograph.org.uk
Holyhead railway station
Holyhead railway station serves the Welsh town of Holyhead on Holy Island, Anglesey. The station is the western terminus of the North Wales Coast Line 105 1⁄2 miles west of Crewe and is managed by Transport for Wales, it connects with the Holyhead Ferry Terminal. The first station in Holyhead was opened by the Chester and Holyhead Railway on 1 August 1848, but this was replaced by the second on 15 May 1851; the present station was opened by the London and North Western Railway on 17 January 1866 and still retains its overall roof. It had four platforms, but only three are in use, the track to the former platform three having been lifted. Platform one on the western side of the station, is separated from the other two by the ferry terminal buildings and inner harbour and is the one used by Virgin Trains services to London Euston. Most Transport for Wales DMU services use platform two. Platform three is outside the train shed and is used by the early morning Premier Service to Cardiff Central, plus a few other trains at busy periods.
There are carriage sidings and servicing facilities alongside platform one, whilst platform three has an engine release line & run-round loop available. A rail-served container terminal next to the station closed in 1991 when the traffic transferred to Liverpool, it is now used as a car parking area for the Stena Line ferry service. Passenger ships used to berth in the inner harbour next to Platform 1, this ceased when the port was re-developed. Stena Line built an administration building between platforms 2 in the early 1990s; the station is staffed, with a ticket office in the main ferry terminal - this is manned seven days per week. Self-service ticket machines are provided for use outside these times and for collecting pre-paid tickets; the terminal offers covered waiting accommodation, a payphone, a photo booth, left luggage office, shops and a cafe. Train running details are offered via digital information screens, timetable posters and automated announcements. Step-free access is available to all platforms.
Holyhead is served by a basic Transport for Wales hourly service throughout the week to Shrewsbury with services continuing to Birmingham International and Cardiff Central on alternate hours. A limited number of trains run to/from Crewe, whilst two services operate to Manchester Piccadilly on weekdays only. Most Sunday services run to/from Crewe. Virgin Trains operate services to London Euston via the West Coast Main Line, with six departures and five arrivals from London Euston on weekdays, with a sixth arrival from Birmingham New Street, four services to and from London Euston on Saturdays and four departures and three arrivals from Euston on Sundays, with the fourth arrival originating at Crewe. Holyhead station adjoins the Holyhead Ferry Port, with sailings to both Dublin and, until September 2014, to Dún Laoghaire, it is connected to the town centre by a steel pedestrian/cycle bridge named The Celtic Gateway. The Celtic Gateway is a stainless steel cycle bridge located in Anglesey, Wales.
Opened on 19 October 2006 by Andrew Davies AM to connect Holyhead's railway station and ferry terminal with the town centre, Vic. Bangor to Holyhead. West Sussex: Middleton Press. Figs. 61-78. ISBN 9781908174017. OCLC 795179106. Allen, David. "Seaside signalling in North Wales". RAIL. No. 342. EMAP Apex Publications. Pp. 40–42. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699. "Holyhead station's £3m repairs on schedule". RAIL. No. 343. EMAP Apex Publications. 4–17 November 1998. P. 11. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699. Train times and station information for Holyhead railway station from National Rail
Wellington railway station (Shropshire)
Wellington railway station serves the town of Wellington, England. It is situated on the former Great Western Railway's London Paddington to Birkenhead via Birmingham Snow Hill line. Trains are operated by Transport for Wales and Virgin Trains West Coast; the station was built at the junction of the Shrewsbury and Birmingham Railway with the Shropshire Union Railways and Canal Company's line from Stafford via Newport. It was opened on 1 June 1849; the S&BR reached Wolverhampton that year, but was frustrated in their attempts to reach Birmingham by the London and North Western Railway – it wasn't until both they and the neighbouring Shrewsbury and Chester Railway became part the Great Western Railway in November 1854 trains could run to Birmingham Snow Hill. Wellington thereafter was jointly run by the LNWR and Great Western companies until the 1923 Grouping, it subsequently became a busy junction interchange station, serving lines north to Market Drayton and south as well as that to Stafford.
All three branches closed to passengers in the early 1960s – the Coalbrookdale line being the first to go in July 1962, that to Market Drayton and Nantwich following in September 1963 and the Stafford line exactly a year under the Beeching Axe in 1964. Services to Birmingham Snow Hill via Wolverhampton Low Level ended in March 1968, with trains henceforth diverted to the ex-LNWR High Level station at Wolverhampton and onwards to Birmingham New Street over the Stour Valley line; the town of Wellington was designated as part of the new town of Telford in the 1960s. As Telford did not have its own railway station at first, Wellington station was renamed "Wellington – Telford West" to indicate that it now served the new town. After Telford Central station opened in 1986, Wellington reverted to its original name, although this did not happen for a number of years. Although, in its heyday, the station had more platforms, it has only three: two through platforms and one bay platform. Platform 3, the bay platform, is now out of regular use following the withdrawal of the Wellington to Walsall local service and its subsequent replacement with through Shrewsbury to Birmingham New Street local services.
Traces of another defunct platform face can be seen from the car park behind platform 1. In late 2009-early 2010 the station was refurbished by London Midland; the station has a ticket office on platform 2, staffed part-time. A ticket vending machine is provided on platform 1 for use outside these hours, which can be used for collecting advance purchase tickets. There are canopied waiting areas on both sides, with toilets adjoining the booking hall on platform 2. Train running information is offered via automated announcements, CIS displays, timetable poster boards and a help point on both platforms. Step-free access is available to all platforms. Wellington is served by two trains an hour each way between Birmingham New Street and Shrewsbury, one operated by West Midlands Railway and the other by Transport for Wales. Transport for Wales' service operates to/from Birmingham International and runs limited stop, whilst the West Midlands railway service serves intermediate stations to Wolverhampton.
TFW trains continue beyond Shrewsbury alternately either to Aberystwyth and Pwllheli or to Holyhead via Chester and Llandudno Junction. There is two services to Llandudno and one to Manchester Piccadilly on weekday evenings. On Sundays, services are provided by Transport for Wales and Virgin trains as West Midlands railway does not run a Sunday service on the Shrewsbury to Wolverhampton line; the few remaining through trains to Walsall were withdrawn in December 2008. Until March 1967 Wellington was served by the GWR, latterly BR Western Region, express services between London Paddington and Birkenhead Woodside. Between 28 April 2008 and 28 January 2011, Wellington was a stop on Wrexham & Shropshire's service between Wrexham General and London Marylebone. Virgin Trains run two daily services to and from London Euston via the WCML using Class 221 Super Voyager units; these began at the December 2014 timetable change. Cryer, Geoff. Shropshire Railways. Marlborough, Wiltshire: Crowood Press. ISBN 978-1-84797-691-8.
Mitchell, Vic. Craven Arms to Wellington. West Sussex: Middleton Press. Figs. 106-120. ISBN 9781906008338. OCLC 750867075. Mitchell, Vic. Wolverhampton to Shrewsbury. West Sussex: Middleton Press. Figs. 94-100. ISBN 9781906008444. OCLC 286385795. Mitchell, Vic. Branch Lines around Market Drayton. West Sussex: Middleton Press. Figs. 1-12. ISBN 9781908174673. OCLC 913791564. Mitchell, Vic. Stafford to Wellington. West Sussex: Middleton Press. Figs. 53-69. ISBN 9781908174598. OCLC 897871462. Train times and station information for Wellington railway station from National Rail
Craven Arms is a small town and civil parish in Shropshire, England, on the A49 road and the Welsh Marches railway line, which link it north and south to the larger towns of Shrewsbury and Ludlow respectively. The Heart of Wales railway line joins the Welsh Marches line at Craven Arms and the town is served by Craven Arms railway station; the town is enclosed to the north by the Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, to the south is the fortified manor house of Stokesay Castle. Craven Arms is a market town for the surrounding rural area, with a number of shops, estate agents, a supermarket, an abattoir and many commercial/light industrial businesses, it is a visitor destination, being home or nearby to a number of attractions, being central for visitors to the area of outstanding natural beauty. It describes itself as the "Gateway to the Marches". Craven Arms is a new town, being only a small village called Newton on a map of 1695; the settlement grew when the railways came during the mid to late 19th century, making it a railway town.
Newton or Newtown is still the name for the southeastern part of the present day town, while the northern part is called Newington or New Inn. The town takes its name from the Craven Arms Hotel, situated on the junction of the A49 and B4368 roads, which in turn is named after the Lords Craven; the civil parish of Craven Arms was formed from the merging of two older parishes — Stokesay and Halford. These two older entities continued as parish wards, however a review of the governance of the parish in 2012 concluded that these two wards would be abolished from May 2013. Small parts of the settlement overlap into neighbouring Sibdon Carwood parishes. Nearby towns are Bishop's Castle, Church Stretton and Ludlow, of which the last is the most substantial; the River Onny flows to the town's east and just over the river. To the south is the small village of Stokesay, while to the north is the village of Wistanstow. Wenlock Edge is to the northeast of the town and runs in a northeasterly direction, towards Much Wenlock.
There are three main visitor attractions in the Craven Arms civil parish. In the town there is the Shropshire Hills Discovery Centre, a centre featuring exhibits about the county's geography. Stokesay Castle is a fortified manor house located within the parish, just south of the town; the town has gone through a phase of expansion and this looks set to continue with the South Shropshire District Council stating that they wished to see the town become the district's second main market town by 2026. Much of the recent housing development is on the west side of the town, whilst commercial development is taking place more on the northern end. Development potential towards the east is restricted by the floodplain of the River Onny, whilst to the south lies the important Stokesay Castle; the town centre itself has seen some notable developments in recent years, with new commercial buildings built on Dale Street by the A49 road. Additionally, to the immediate south of the town centre is the new Secret Hills Discovery Centre and some new housing.
Brian Farley an English professional footballer who played for Chelmsford City and Tottenham Hotspur Bruce Chatwin wrote On the Black Hill whilst staying at Cwm Hall near the town. The film Atonement was filmed in part near Stokesay. Listed buildings in Craven Arms
Stokesay is a historic hamlet in Shropshire, England just south of Craven Arms on the A49 road fleetingly visible from the Shrewsbury to Hereford Welsh Marches railway line. Less than a mile to the north is the small town of Craven Arms and 6 miles to the south east is the larger, historical market town of Ludlow. Stokesay was once a civil parish, which covered the land now taken up by Craven Arms; however it merged with Halford parish to form the modern day Craven Arms parish. These two older entities continued as parish wards, however a review of the governance of Craven Arms in 2012 concluded in the abolition of these two wards from May 2013; the River Onny runs past Stokesay, on its way south, the bridge which carries the A49 over the river is Stokesay Bridge. Within the former parish, to the south of the hamlet of Stokesay is Stoke Wood and the hamlet of Aldon. Nearby, on the outskirts of Craven Arms, is the Shropshire Hills Discovery Centre, with its grass roof seen from the A49. In Craven Arms is the nearest railway station, which for over a hundred years was named Craven Arms and Stokesay, before a rename in 1974.
Stokesay is famous for Stokesay Castle, a fortified manor house and one of the best preserved and oldest examples of the type in the country. The hamlet, which today comprises just a church, a working farm and a few houses, was known as Stoke, a widespread English placename meaning'enclosure'; the church is a rare example of the Commonwealth style. John Derby Allcroft became Lord of the Patron of Saint John the Baptist church; the film Atonement was filmed in part near Stokesay. According to legend, Stokesay was once the home of two giants, one of whom lived on View Edge, the other on Norton Camp, they kept their treasure in Stokesay Castle, but upon losing the key to the castle, they both died of grief. In the mid 10th century, the manor of Stoke was held by Wild Edric, a Saxon nobleman, notable for his strenuous resistance to the Normans after the Norman Conquest of England; the Normans wrested the manor from his hands and granted it in their normal fashion to a notable Norman as a reward for his part in the Conquest, one Picot de Say known as William de Picot.
It was this man who had a house and church built some time after 1068. Stokesay is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Stoches, it had 47 households. Stokesay formed part of the Saxon hundred of Culvestan. Craven Arms railway station Listed buildings in Craven Arms Media related to Stokesay at Wikimedia Commons
Carmarthen railway station
Carmarthen railway station is on the edge of the town of Carmarthen, south of the River Towy. It is on the West Wales Line; the station and most of the passenger trains serving. Great Western Railway run a limited service between Carmarthen and London Paddington one train each way daily with additional services on Sunday; the station is staffed, with the ticket office on platform 1 manned all week. A self-service ticket machine is provided for use outside these times and for collecting pre-paid tickets. A buffet and newsagents shop are available here, along with toilets and a waiting room on platform 1. Train running information is provided by digital CIS displays, timetable posters and automated announcements. Step-free access is available to both platforms, though platform 2 requires the use of a foot crossing - wheelchair users are advised not to use this without assistance. To the east, Transport for Wales operate regular services to Swansea, Cardiff Central and Manchester Piccadilly. Great Western Railway operate one service per day between this station and London Paddington.
The majority of local train services west of Carmarthen are timed to connect with the London Paddington services at either Swansea or Cardiff Central. To the west, Transport for Wales operate services to Pembroke Dock, Milford Haven and Fishguard Harbour. Carmarthen is the eastern terminus for a few of these services; the British Transport Police maintain a presence at Carmarthen. Some of Transport for Wales' boat trains to and from Fishguard Harbour serve the station; these connect with the Stena Line ferry to/from Rosslare Europort in Ireland with a daily morning and evening service in both directions. This route has been in existence since 1906; the present station is the third to serve the town and dates from 1902, although the South Wales Railway's main line from Swansea to Neyland reached Carmarthen some fifty years earlier. This original station had been built with westward expansion in mind and was situated at the base of the triangular junction, half a mile south of the present station and poorly sited for the town.
A second station was opened by the Carmarthen and Cardigan Railway in 1860 on its route northwards towards Cynwyl Elfed and Pencader, much better sited for the town and this remained in use until its replacement by the current station shortly after the turn of the century. The Town station did however remain in use for goods traffic thereafter beyond the closure of the final portion of the line Carmarthen and Cardigan Railway in September 1973, until the goods yard closed around 1981 - the single track girder bridge over the River Tywi was subsequently removed during 1983; the Carmarthen and Cardigan Railway, in spite of its name, never reached Cardigan, as it was constructed only as far as Newcastle Emlyn. Cardigan was served instead by the winding Whitland and Cardigan Branch Line from Whitland, the primary junction in Pembrokeshire; the C&CR did however link up with the ill-fated Manchester and Milford Railway at Pencader, putting the town on a through route to Aberystwyth by 1867. Another outlet to the north came courtesy of the Llanelly Railway's branch from Llandeilo, which reached Abergwili Junction in 1864 and whose trains reached the Town station by means of running powers following its takeover by the LNWR in 1873.
The final link in the chain of lines to the north was added in 1911, when a branch line from Lampeter to Aberaeron was opened by the Lampeter and New Quay Light Railway. This was worked by the Great Western Railway from the outset, as the company had by this time absorbed the other lines mentioned. Today, none of the lines to the north survive, the first round of closures having begun as early as May 1951 when the Aberaeron line lost its passenger trains; the Newcastle Emlyn line followed suit in September 1952, whilst the Llandeilo branch went in September 1963 and the'main line' to Aberystwyth in February 1965, although milk trains continued to operate as far as Pont Llanio on the Aberystwyth main line until 1970 and to Newcastle Emlyn and to Felinfach on the Aberaeron branch until September 1973. This left only the original South Wales Railway main line to serve the station and left it as a terminus at the end of short spur from the main line at which all trains have to reverse before continuing their journeys.
This was not so much of a problem with DMUs but led to the need for a run-round of locomotive-hauled trains which were used until the mid-1980s. Only two of the five original platforms here are now used, with the majority of trains using the former down main platform where the main facilities are located; the other active platform is used when two trains are scheduled to call at the same time - it is linked to platform one by a barrow crossing that spans the shunting neck, used for locos to run around their trains. This is the sole remnant of the former route north; the line to Aberystwyth and Llandeilo continued beyond the station across the River Towy past the site of the goods yard and through a cutting to as far as the former Abergwili Junction. The Aberystwyth line turned north out to Bronwydd Arms. From Abergwili Junction northwards, the rail