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A creditor is a party that has a claim on the services of a second party. It is a institution to whom money is owed; the first party, in general, has provided some property or service to the second party under the assumption that the second party will return an equivalent property and service. The second party is called a debtor or borrower; the first party is called the creditor, the lender of property, service, or money. Creditors can be broadly divided into two categories: secured and unsecured. A secured creditor has a security or charge, some or all of the company’s assets, to secure the debt owed to him; this could be, for a mortgage, where the property represents the security. An unsecured creditor does not have a charge over the company’s assets; the term creditor is used in the financial world in reference to short-term loans, long-term bonds, mortgage loans. In law, a person who has a money judgment entered in their favor by a court is called a judgment creditor; the term creditor derives from the notion of credit.

In modern America, credit refers to a rating which indicates the likelihood a borrower will pay back his or her loan. In earlier times, credit referred to reputation or trustworthiness. In accounting presentation, creditors are to be broken down into'amounts falling due within one year' or'amounts falling due after more than one year'... The financial statements presentation is this: Long-term liabilities'Long-term creditors' Current liabilities'Current creditors' In the UK, once an IVA has been applied for, is in place through the courts, creditors are prevented from making direct contact under the terms of the IVA. All ongoing correspondence of an IVA must first go through the Insolvency Practitioner; the Insolvency Practitioner will contact you. The creditors will begin to deal with the Insolvency Practitioner and accept annual reports when submitted. Accounts payable Accruals and deferred income Bank loan and Overdrafts Bill of exchange payable Creditor's rights Debenture loans Individual voluntary arrangement Intra-group accounts owed IOU Payments received on account Proposed dividends Trade creditors

Alexander Moodie

Alexander Moodie was a Scottish international rugby union player who played for University of St Andrews RFC in St Andrews, Fife. Born in Balmuirfield, Dundee in 1886, Moodie played as a Forward. Moodie played in 3 tests for Scotland; the first was in the last Home Nations tournament in 1909. He played against England on 20 March 1909 in London. Scotland won the match 18-8, his next two matches were against France in the new Five Nations tournament of 1910 and 1911. He played against France on 22 January 1910 at Inverleith. Scotland won that match 27-0, his last match for Scotland was in Colombes, France on 2 January 1911. France won that match 16-15. ESPN Profile England v Scotland 20 March 1909 Match Report Scotland v France 22 January 1910 Match Report France v Scotland 2 January 1911 Match Report

Elizabeth Granowska

Elizabeth Granowska or Elisabeth Pilecki was Queen consort of Poland as the third wife of Władysław II Jagiełło, Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland. Elizabeth was the only child of Otton Pilecki, Voivode of Sandomierz, Jadwiga of Melsztyn, daughter of Jan of Melsztyn and godmother of King Władysław II Jagiełło. Elizabeth's uncle Spytek of Melsztyn was an influential figure in Jagiełło's court; when her father died in 1384 or 1385, Elizabeth inherited his vast estates, which included Pilica and Łańcut. Her dramatic early life was described by Jan Długosz, but authenticity of that account is doubtful as it is not corroborated by other sources and Długosz did not provide dates, it is possible. According to Długosz, Elizabeth was kidnapped by Wiseł Czambor from Moravia. Czambor wanted to marry Elizabeth to obtain her riches, she was kidnapped again by Jan of Jičina from Czambor's house. Czambor traveled to Kraków where he was murdered by Jan, who received a permission from Jogaila to marry Elizabeth.

It is unclear if she married Czambor or Jan, but if she did, she was soon widowed. Around 1397, Elizabeth married Wincenty Granowski, castellan of Nakło and a widower with at least three sons; the marriage provided a carrier boost to Granowski. He was sent on diplomatic missions to the Teutonic Knights and Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia. In 1409, he became starosta of Greater Poland and in 1410 commanded his own squad in the Battle of Grunwald, he died at the end of 1410. It is believed, it is believed that Granowski had two sons and three daughters. In March 1416, Queen Anna of Celje died leaving King Jogaila a widower with one surviving daughter. Polish nobility encouraged Jogaila to secure a male heir. Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas proposed a marriage to his granddaughter Maria Vasilievna, daughter of Vasily I of Moscow. Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, proposed his niece Duchess of Luxembourg. Therefore, it came as a surprise when Jogaila decided to marry Elizabeth Granowska, a middle-aged widow with few political connections and scandalous past.

Bishop Stanisław Ciołek called her a ` pig'. In January 1417, Jogaila traveled to Lithuania and stopped in Liuboml to meet with his sister Alexandra, accompanied by Elizabeth Granowska. After a few days, Jogaila left Liuboml but not before showering Elizabeth with many expensive gifts, it was not the first time. In March 1417, on his way back to Poland, Jogaila stopped in Elizabeth's domain, it appears that the marriage decision engineered by Alexandra, was made there. They married on 2 May 1417 in Sanok, but her coronation was postponed until 19 November due to resistance from Polish nobility, they argued that the real queen was Princess Hedwig Jagiellon or that Elizabeth was a "spiritual sister" of Jogaila as her mother was his godmother. Jogaila obtained a dispensation from the Council of Constance. Despite political disapproval, it appears. Elizabeth accompanied her husband on various trips, but had little political sway, she fell ill with tuberculosis, in early 1419 and had trouble keeping up with her husband's travels.

She was buried in the Wawel Cathedral. However, her body was moved to make way for Stephen Báthory and the subsequent burial place is not known, it is believed that Elizabeth had five children with Wincenty Granowski: Jadwiga, wife Jan of Leksandrowic Otton Elizabeth, wife of Bolko V, Duke of Opole Jan of Pilica, castellan of Kraków, progenitor of the family Ofka, wife of Jan of Jičina, son of Jan of Jičina Notes BibliographyDuczmal, Małgorzata. Jogailaičiai. Translated by Birutė Mikalonienė. Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos centras. ISBN 978-5-420-01703-6

Ek Ajnabee

Ek AjnabeeA Man Apart is a 2005 Indian Hindi-language action-thriller film directed by Apoorva Lakhia, starring Amitabh Bachchan, Arjun Rampal and Perizaad Zorabian. It is a remake of Tony Scott's Man on Fire, a film based on a novel of the same name, adapted into another film in 1987. Ek Ajnabee was released theatrically on 9 December 2005. Colonel Suryaveer "Surya" Singh is a bitter man and ex-Army officer, hired by his friend and former comrade Captain Shekhar Verma to protect a little girl, Anamika R. Rathore, who resides in Bangkok, Thailand with her Non-resident Indian family, he drinks alcohol and is not interested in befriending the girl. She wins his heart and he helps her to prepare for a swim meet. One day Anamika gets kidnapped and Surya receives serious injuries in his attempt to prevent the kidnapping, her father is not able to pay the sum to release his daughter. So Suryaveer uses all his skills to save the life of the child, only to find out about the conspiracy, behind the little girl's kidnapping.

Surya learns that Shekhar's lawyer, is behind some of this. The real mastermind behind this is Chang's brother. Surya holds Chang hostage; when they come to exchange the people, Chang's brother reveals a great secret to Surya. Surya learns. Surya kills Chang's brother's men. A great fight between Shekhar and Surya starts. Shekhar is killed, Surya spends the rest of his life with Anamika and her mother. In the end, Anamika gets a new bodyguard and the film shows her during her swimming practice, with Surya and her new bodyguard 15 years later. Apoorva Lakhia said that the script was written with Amitabh Bachchan, in mind. Lakhia explained. So this is the Indian version, it has all the ingredients required for a movie to come out of India." Vikram Chatwal, who plays Ravi Rathore in the film, said "People talk a lot about cross cultural films. These films don't have to be like Monsoon Wedding or Bend It Like Beckham; this is not another Hindi film. This is not a remake of Man on Fire. If you see the way it is shot and directed, it is setting new standards.

Mr Bachchan is reinventing himself. So please don't turn this film into another Bollywood film."The film was shot on location in Bangkok, for 35 days. Lakhia said that he and Bunty Walia, a producer, chose Bangkok because "we wanted our characters to stand out; when they are walking on the street they will look different. Both my heroes are over six feet and Thai men are not as tall. So it was important to be in a place where they could stand out." Eros International released the film on 16 December 2005. It had been selected for the Bangkok Film Festival. Amitabh Bachchan as Col. Suryaveer "Surya" Singh Surya has a drinking habit because he accidentally shot two children while serving as a soldier in the Kashmir Valley. Vipin Vijayan of said that "Amitabh and child actor Rucha are pillars of this movie and can give this racy caper a good start at the box office." Manish Gajjar of BBC Shropshire Bollywood said that "Ek Ajnabee belongs to Amitabh Bachchan and little Rucha. They manage to carry this film their shoulders all the way.

The remaining stars are there to provide able support for these two." Arjun Rampal as Captain Shekhar Verma Shekhar, a former compatriot of Surya from the military service, pretends to be Surya's friend and uses him to try to gain money for himself through Anamika's kidnapping. Shekhar tries to buy Surya a ticket to India after Anamika's assumed death, but Surya refuses to go on the aircraft and does not tell Shekhar that he began the revenge campaign. Shekhar uses Surya to kill the others involved in the scheme. After Surya shoots Shekhar's bodyguards, he and Surya get into a physical fight. Surya shoots him fatally. Vijayan said that Rampal, as Shekhar, "tries to do justice to his role, but in vain." Gajjar said that the actor, as Shekhar, "is well defined in this film and seems to be popular with the girls since he has adorned a different getup in this movie." Gajjar added that "A small twist towards the end involving does not seem convincing." Baby Rucha Vaidya as Anamika R. Rathore Anamika is the child of a Non-resident Indian millionaire family living in Bangkok, Thailand.

Perizaad Zorabian as Nikasha R. Rathore Nikasha is Ravi's wife. Nikasha does not just want Surya to be a bodyguard for Anamika. Vikram Chatwal as Ravi Rathore Ravi is Nikasha's husband. Ravi engineered his daughter's kidnapping so he could receive US$500,000, without the knowledge of his wife, Nikasha. Anamika had kidnapping insurance, provided through Ravi's company. Chang had promised Ravi. Ravi reveals the fact that he had hired his own bodyguard. Surya gives Ravi the gun and bullet that Surya had used in a suicide attempt, so Ravi could commit suicide. Ravi succeeds. Chatwal has a beard and wears a turban, but did not do so when he played Ravi Rathore. Daya Shankar Pandey as Kripa "Krispi" Shankar Krispi, an Indian, gives Surya information and goods, he moved to Bangkok when he was a child. Akhilendra Mishra as ACP Harvinder "Harry" Singh Chief of the Anti-Kidnapping Bureau, ACP "Harry" took the ransom money, he was raised in Bangkok. He became a police officer at the a

Vijayanagara Sri Krishnadevaraya University

Vijayanagara Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Ballari ವಿಜಯನಗರ ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ಣದೇವರಾಯ ವಿಶ್ವವಿದ್ಯಾಲಯ is a public university established in 2010 by the Government of Karnataka in Ballari district of Karnataka, India through the Karnataka State Universities Act, 2000. It has been named after former emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire. VSKUB was a post graduate center of Gulbarga University and become independent university in the year 2010. VSKU has jurisdiction of two districts: Koppal, it has three post graduate centers, the main campus Jnana Sagara is at Vinayaka Nagar, Ballari, spread at about 95.37 acres, houses all the key administrative departments of the university as well as 19 post graduate departments with 21 post graduate programmes. Among three post graduate centers one of the center is located at Nandihalli in Sandur tehsil of Ballari district which offers 10 post graduate programs. Another two campuses were started at Koppal and Yelburga tehsil, both in Koppal district, offering 10 and 7 post graduate programs respectively.

।। धियो योनः प्रचोदयात् ।। Envisioning the power of mind To organically evolve as a sensitive institution for imparting quality higher education with greater emphasis on scientific temper and research. To support the mission and aspirations of the University, four goals have been framed with specific initiatives. "ವಿಜಯನಗರ ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ಣದೇವರಾಯ ವಿಶ್ವವಿದ್ಯಾಲಯದಡಿ ಬಳ್ಳಾರಿ ಹಾಗೂ ಕೊಪ್ಪಳ ಜಿಲ್ಹೆಗಳ ಸಾರ್ವಜನಿಕರು ಉನ್ನತ ಶಿಕ್ಷಣ ಸೌಲಭ್ಯಗಳನ್ನು ಸದ್ವಿನಿಯೋಗಮಾಡಿಕೊಂಡು, ವಿಭಾಗದ ಜನರ ಶೈಕ್ಷಣಿಕ ಗುಣಮಟ್ಟವನ್ನು ಅಂತರರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೀಯ ಮಟ್ಟದಲ್ಲಿ ಉನ್ನತಿಕರಿಸಿ ಸ್ಪರ್ಧಾತ್ಮಕ ಜಗತ್ತಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಭಾಗವಹಿಸಿ ಈ ಭಾಗಕ್ಕಿರುವ ಹಿಂದುಳಿದ ಭಾಗ ಎನ್ನುವ ಹಣೆಪಟ್ಟಿಯನ್ನು ಕಳಚಿಹಾಕುವ ನಿಟ್ಟಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಎಲ್ಲರೂ ಕಾರ್ಯಪ್ರವೃತ್ತರಾಗೋಣ" ▪️Department of Chemistry ▪️Department of Physics ▪️Department of Mathematics ▪️Department of Biotechnology ▪️Department of Zoology ▪️Department of Botany ▪️Department of Computer Science ▪️Department of Biochemistry ▪️Department of History and Archeology ▪️Department of Political science ▪️Department of Sociology ▪️Department of Journalism and Mass communication ▪️Department of MSW ▪️Department of English ▪️ಕನ್ನಡ ಅಧ್ಯಯನ ವಿಭಾಗ ▶️ PG Center, Koppal ▶️ PG Center, Sandur ▶️ PG Center, Yelburga Official Website

Geoffrey Allen (chemist)

Sir Geoffrey Allen is a British chemist who has served as a Vice-President of the Royal Society. He is known for his work on the physics and chemistry of polymers, he is well known for his work on the thermodynamics of rubber elasticity. He inspired a generation of physical chemists as a result of his research interests, he displayed a passion for fostering links between academia and industry. Born in Clay Cross, Allen was educated at Tupton Hall Grammar School and the University of Leeds, he was Professor of Chemical Physics at the University of Manchester. Moving to London, he became Professor of Polymer Science, Professor of Chemical Technology at Imperial College London, he chaired the Science Research Council from 1977–81. Allen was Head of Research at Unilever from 1981–90, a Director of Unilever from 1982–90. Since 1990 he has been an Adviser to Kobe Steel Ltd, he was Vice-President of the Royal Society from 1991–93, Chancellor of the University of East Anglia from 1993–2003. He was a member of the Royal Commission on Environmental Protection from 1994–2000, President of the Institute of Materials and Mining, from 1994–95.

Since 1980 he has been a Visiting Fellow at Cambridge. Allen was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Essex in 1986, an honorary doctorate from Loughborough University in July 1985, when he was pleased to share the stage with his God Son who received his bachelors degree at the same time. Allen is a past president of the Society of Chemical Industry, gave the Leverhulme lecture in 1990, was awarded the society's Lampitt medal in 2017