Lake Neuchâtel is a lake in Romandy, in the French-speaking part of Switzerland. The lake lies in the canton of Neuchâtel, but is shared by the cantons of Vaud and Bern. With a surface of 218.3 km2, Lake Neuchâtel is the largest lake located in Switzerland and the 59th largest lake in Europe. It is 8.2 km at its widest. Its surface is 429 metres above sea level, the maximum depth is 152 metres; the total water volume is 14.0 km3. The lake's drainage area is 2,670 km2 and its culminating point is Le Chasseron at 1,607 metres; the lake is fed by the rivers L'Orbe, L'Arnon, L'Areuse, Le Seyon, La Menthue, as well as by the Canal de la Broye. The Thielle Canal drains the lake into Lake Biel and is part of regulation system for the lakes and the rivers of the Seeland region. Lake Neuchâtel was the home of the now extinct species of deepwater trout Salvelinus neocomensis. From Yverdon to La Tène: Yverdon-les-Bains Grandson Bonvillars Onnens Corcelles-près-Concise Concise Vaumarcus Sauges Saint-Aubin Gorgier, Chez-Le-Bart Bevaix Cortaillod Areuse Colombier Auvernier Serrières Neuchâtel Hauterive St-Blaise Marin-Epagnier From Yverdon to Gampelen: Cheseaux Yvonand Cheyres Châbles Font Estavayer-le-Lac Forel Chevroux Pré de Riva Portalban Chabrey Champmartin Cudrefin La Sauge Lindehof, Witzwil Tannenhof "Neuchâtel, Lake of".
Encyclopædia Britannica. 19. 1911. P. 424–425. Waterlevels at the Harbour of Neuchâtel from the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment
Le Soliat is a mountain of the Jura, overlooking Lake Neuchâtel in western Switzerland. The main summit is located within the canton of Neuchâtel. A secondary summit is located within the canton of Vaud; the north side of the mountain forms a rocky cirque named Creux du Van. List of most isolated mountains of Switzerland Le Soliat on Hikr
An ibex is any of several species of wild mountain goat, distinguished by the male's large recurved horns, which are transversely ridged in front. Ibex are found in Eurasia, North Africa, East Africa; the name ibex comes from Latin, borrowed from Iberian or Aquitanian, akin to Old Spanish bezerro "bull", modern Spanish becerro "yearling". Ranging in height from 27 to 43 inches and weighing 200 to 270 pounds, the ibex can live 20 years. Two related species of wild goats are not called ibex: the markhor and the wild goat. Male ibex are larger and heavier than females, their most noticeable difference is the large size of their horns. Females grow a pair of smaller, thinner horns which develop more than the males'; the ibex's horns continue to grow through the rest of its life. Species of wild goats that are called ibex are: The Bezoar ibex is found in southwest Asia and the eastern Mediterranean, is the main ancestor of the domestic goat; the Alpine Ibex is found in the European Alps. Alpine ibex are found in France, Austria, Italy and Slovenia, have been introduced to ranches in the United States and Argentina.
The Nubian ibex occurs in the Middle East, in the Red Sea hills of Sudan as well as the highlands in Egypt. The Walia or Ethiopian ibex is found in the Semien Mountains of the Ethiopian Highlands, where it has been upgraded from critically endangered to endangered, it is sometimes considered a subspecies of Alpine Ibex. The Ibex is a national emblem of the great ancient Axum empire; the Spanish or Iberian ibex is now restricted to the Pyrenees and other mountainous enclaves in Spain and France. There are 50,000 Spanish ibex on the Iberian Peninsula. One of its extinct subspecies, the Pyrenean Ibex, was cloned in 2009; the Asiatic or Siberian ibex is a wild goat inhabiting long mountain systems in central Asian deserts. The animal is 80-100 cm high at shoulder, weighs an average 60 kg; the adult males have long pointed beards and scimitar-shaped horns with prominent ridges on the frontal surface. The coat is dark brown with greyish underparts, a dorsal stripe runs from the neck to tail. Adult males have grey saddle patches on their backs.
The species exhibits sexual dimorphism, as the females are smaller with small straight horns that are separated at the base. Asiatic ibex is distributed over an area stretching from the Hindu-Kush Mountains in Afghanistan to Sayan Mountains in Mongolia; the animals are found most at elevations ranging from 3000 to 5300 m above sea level, but are known to occur in areas as low as 1000 m in the Altai Mountains. They have a predilection for rugged terrain as an anti-predator strategy; the West Caucasian ibex is found in the western Caucasus. The East Caucasian ibex is found in the eastern Caucasus. Evidence of the ibex is present in the archaeological record in the Near East and Mediterranean regions. Ibex motifs are common on cylinder seals and pottery, both painted and embossed. Excavations from Minoan Crete at Knossos, for example, have yielded specimens from about 1800 BC, including one cylinder seal depicting an ibex defending himself from a hunting dog. From the similar age a gold jewelry ibex image was found at the Akrotiri archaeological site on Santorini in present day Greece.
An Iron Age Capra ibex specimen was recovered at the Aq Kupruk Archaeological site in present day Afghanistan, illustrating either domestication or hunting of the ibex by these early peoples. However, archaeological records of ibex can be difficult to separate from those of domestic goats. Francke, A. H.. Antiquities of Indian Tibet. Two Volumes. Calcutta. 1972 reprint: S. Chand, New Delhi
Swisstopo is the official name for the Swiss Federal Office of Topography, Switzerland's national mapping agency. The current pseudo-English name was made official in 2002, it had been in use as the domain name for the institute's homepage, swisstopo.ch, since 1997. The main class of products produced by Swisstopo are topographical maps on seven different scales. Swiss maps have been praised for their quality. 1:25.000. This is the most detailed map, useful for many purposes; those are popular with tourists for famous areas like Zermatt and St. Moritz; these maps cost CHF 13.50 each. 208 maps on this scale are published at regular intervals. The first map published on this scale was 1125 Chasseral, in 1952; the last map published on this scale was 1292 Maggia, in 1972. Since 1956, composites have been published, starting with 2501 St. Gallen, they have the same information, but consist of several parts of regular maps combined in tourist or urban areas. 22 composite maps have so far been published. 1:50.000.
Since 1994, routes are coloured on these maps. It is marketed as for hikers, cyclists, planners and explorers. 78 maps on this scale are published at regular intervals. Composites exist, are more frequent than the assemblages for 1:25.000 maps. As of September 2004, 24 composite maps have been published. 1:100.000. These are marketed as Geographical regions of special interest to tourists on one map. 24 maps on this scale are published at regular intervals. 11 composite maps have been published. 1:200.000. Switzerland and surrounding lands in four sheets. 1:300.000. A photographic copy of the 1:200.000 map, with Switzerland on a single sheet. 1:500.000. Switzerland with surrounding lands. 1:1.000.000. Switzerland with extensive surroundings, from Luxembourg to Bosnia and Herzegovina; the numbering system of Swiss regular maps is directly based on the geographical situation. A map number is always one higher than the map number of the adjacent map to the west, one lower than the adjacent map to the east.
From north to south, the numbers differ by 20 for the scale 1:25.000, 10 for the scale 1:50.000 and 5 for the scale 1:100.000. However, as can be seen on the Seite nicht gefunden, there are some exceptions to this rule: Switzerland is a little bit too large to be only 20 1:25.000 maps wide. Instead of choosing another system, the map to the east of 1199 Scuol is called 1199bis Piz Lad; the same is true for some maps at scale 1:50.000. Hiking maps are published on the scale 1:50.000. They are based on the regular maps 1:50.000, but include information about which routes are good to walk. They have information about public transport; these maps are published in collaboration with Swisshiking. Ski tour map, 1:50.000. Based on the topographical map 1:50.000, but including information about steep slopes, ski routes and snowboard routes. Road map: two sheets published on a scale of 1:200.000, but not the same as the topographical 1:200.000, as it lacks contour lines. This map is published each year. Cultural Heritage, 1:300.000 Map of Museums, 1:300.000.
Map of Castles, 1:200.000. It is based on the topographical map 1:200.000, but includes information about castles and ruins. Everest, in collaboration with a lot of other organizations, including the National Geographic Society; the Swiss Path is a hiking trail around Lake Uri to celebrate the 700th anniversary of Swiss Confederation. Seeland-Trois lacs, 1:75.000, not directly based on any topographical map. It was made for the Expo. 02, in this region. Satellite map, 1:300.000. Community map, 1:300.000, with only political borders, no topographical information except for lakes. Einst und Jetzt: only Bern and Basel have been published so far. Land use map, 1:300.000, with statistical information only Aeronautical map, 1:500.000, based on the topographical map 1:500.000, with aviation information. Glider chart Chart of Air Navigation Obstacles Solar Radiation In 1809, the first topographical surveys of Switzerland took place on a confederate, military level, they were led by Hans Conrad Finsler. Measurements in the alpine region started in 1825 with triangulations by Antoine-Joseph Buchwalder.
This work would be finished in 1837 by Johannes Eschmann. At New Year 1838, the Topographical Bureau was founded in Geneve by Guillaume Henri Dufour; this bureau published its first map the same year, the Carte topographique du Canton de Genève. Topographic surveys started in the alpine regions of Switzerland; these had their first results in 1845, a year than planned, when a map scaled 1:100.000 was published. This was the start of; the topographic survey finished in 1862. To honour Dufour, the Swiss government decided to rename the highest peak on the Dufourkarten from Höchste Spitze to Dufourspitze: it still carries that name today. In 1863, the SAC published a 1:50.000 map of the region Tödi, based on unpublished survey material. A year the last map of the Dufourkarten was published, the following year, Dufour retired and Hermann Siegfried became Chief of the Topographical Bureau. In 1865, Herman Siegfried becomes the Chief of the Topographical Bureau, the bureau moves from Geneva to Bern. Over the next few years, a composite map is published of Ticino, soundings start to measure the depth of the major Swiss lakes, a first map is published scaled 1:250
Saint-Aubin-Sauges is a former municipality in the district of Boudry in the canton of Neuchâtel in Switzerland. On 1 January 2018 the former municipalities of Bevaix, Saint-Aubin-Sauges, Vaumarcus and Fresens merged into the new municipality of La Grande-Béroche. Saint-Aubin-Sauges is first mentioned in 1176 as Sancti Albini. In 1340 it was mentioned as villa de Sauges. Saint-Aubin-Sauges has an area, as of 2009, of 7.7 square kilometers. Of this area, 3.68 km2 or 47.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 2.95 km2 or 38.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.04 km2 or 13.5% is settled and 0.02 km2 or 0.3% is unproductive land. Of the built up area and buildings made up 7.8% and transportation infrastructure made up 3.5%. Out of the forested land, 35.0% of the total land area is forested and 3.2% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 16.9% is used for growing crops and 13.6% is pastures, while 3.9% is used for orchards or vine crops and 13.4% is used for alpine pastures.
The municipality is located in the La Béroche region. It stretched from the shores of Lake Neuchatel to an elevation of 1,436 m, it consists of the villages of Saint-Aubin and Sauges, which merged in 1888. The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Impaled, per pale Argent and Gules a Rose counterchanged, per pale Argent three bars Gules and Gules a Rose counterchanged. Saint-Aubin-Sauges has a population of 2,399; as of 2008, 21.2% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 0.8%. It has changed at a rate of 0.6% due to migration and at a rate of 1% due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks French as their first language, Portuguese is the second most common and German is the third. There are 90 people who speak Italian and 1 person who speaks Romansh; as of 2008, the population was 47.7% male and 52.3% female. The population was made up of 896 Swiss men and 261 non-Swiss men. There were 1,054 Swiss women and 215 non-Swiss women.
Of the population in the municipality, 587 or about 24.2% were born in Saint-Aubin-Sauges and lived there in 2000. There were 603 or 24.9% who were born in the same canton, while 592 or 24.4% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, 582 or 24.0% were born outside of Switzerland. As of 2000, children and teenagers make up 23.3% of the population, while adults make up 59.7% and seniors make up 17%. As of 2000, there were 939 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 1,169 married individuals, 166 widows or widowers and 152 individuals who are divorced; as of 2000, there were 1,008 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.3 persons per household. There were 336 households that consist of only one person and 65 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 986 apartments were permanently occupied, while 138 apartments were seasonally occupied and 35 apartments were empty; as of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 0.4 new units per 1000 residents.
The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.81%. The historical population is given in the following chart: The Le Béroche, a Gallo-Roman settlement, the neolithic settlement at Port Conty / Tivoli are listed as Swiss heritage site of national significance, it is home to the Port-Conty prehistoric pile-dwelling settlement, part of the Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps UNESCO World Heritage Site. Port-Conty has two neolithic settlements; the first is a Late Port-Conty type Cortaillod village. One piece of timber from this site has been dated to 3574; the second village is a Late Horgen village. Five of the piles are from 3160 and 3159, two piles are from 3064 and 3062; the site was discovered in 1860 by F. Troyon, who thought it was a Bronze Age village. Further excavations in the late 19th and early 20th century found. In 1929-1932, P. Vouga dug a long 1 to 1.5 m deep trench to examine a single layer. He found three archaeological horizons which were from the Middle Neolithic, the Late Neolithic and the end of the Late Neolithic.
Based on his study, it appears that the site was covered by an artificial mound, 20 m × 10 m and about 70 cm deep. It was built with a layer of branches between the layers. Saint-Aubin-Sauges is twinned with the town of Solothurn. In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SP which received 27.34% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the LPS Party, the SVP and the FDP. In the federal election, a total of 779 votes were cast, the voter turnout was 50.7%. As of 2010, Saint-Aubin-Sauges had an unemployment rate of 5.8%. As of 2008, there were 31 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 13 businesses involved in this sector. 295 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 37 businesses in this sector. 505 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 78 businesses in this sector. There were 1,176 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 44.0% of the workforce. In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 691.
The number of jobs in the primary sector was 26, of which 21 were in agriculture, 2 were in forestry or lumber production and 3 were in f
Val-de-Travers is a municipality in the district of Val-de-Travers in the canton of Neuchâtel in Switzerland. It was created on 1 January 2009, when the former municipalities of Boveresse, Couvet, Les Bayards, Môtiers, Saint-Sulpice and Travers merged to form Val-de-Travers; the region is known for its production of absinthe. Val-de-Travers is first mentioned in 1150 as Vallis traversis. Val-de-Travers has an area, as of 2009, of 124.9 square kilometers. Of this area, 52.92 km2 or 42.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 63.24 km2 or 50.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 7.54 km2 or 6.0% is settled, 0.59 km2 or 0.5% is either rivers or lakes and 0.39 km2 or 0.3% is unproductive land. Of the built up area and buildings made up 2.5% and transportation infrastructure made up 2.5%. Out of the forested land, 46.8% of the total land area is forested and 3.8% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 5.0% is used for growing crops and 23.9% is pastures and 13.4% is used for alpine pastures.
All the water in the municipality is flowing water. The municipality is located in a valley in the Neuchâtel Jura; the valley provides a connection between Franche-Comte. The river L'Areuse, flows lengthways of the valley, most of this river is a shallow river, about 10 meters wide, it narrows into a gorge near Noiraigue; this river provided much of the fish for the valley. Val-de-Travers had a population of 10,745; as of 2008, 18.0% of the population are resident foreign nationals. In the 10 years the population decreased by 2.5%. Migration accounted for -1.8% whilst births and deaths accounted for -1.6%. Most of the population speaks French as their first language, Italian is the second most common and German is the third; as of 2008 the population was 48.6% male and 51.4% female. The population was made up of 4,161 Swiss men and 1,103 non-Swiss men. There were 4,677 Swiss women and 891 non-Swiss women; as of 2000, children and teenagers make up 25% of the population, while adults make up 55.9% and seniors make up 19.1%.
As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 0.6 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 1.39%. The Farm House no. 1201 or Monlési, the Maison des Chats or Petitpierre, the Séchoir à absinthe, Ivernois Castle and the Maison Boy de la Tour, the Hôtel des Six-Communes, the medieval church of St-Pierre, the Temple in Môtiers and Areuse Bridge are listed as Swiss heritage site of national significance. The villages of Buttes, Les Verrières, Môtiers, Couvet and Travers are all part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites; as of 2010, Val-de-Travers had an unemployment rate of 6.6%. As of 2008, there were 322 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 139 businesses involved in this sector. 1,980 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 162 businesses in this sector. 2,188 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 374 businesses in this sector. There were residents of the municipality. Of the working population, 13.1% used public transportation to get to work, 57.3% used a private car.
In the canton of Neuchâtel most municipalities provide two years of non-mandatory kindergarten, followed by five years of mandatory primary education. The next four years of mandatory secondary education is provided at thirteen larger secondary schools, which many students travel out of their home municipality to attend. During the 2010-11 school year, there were 10.5 kindergarten classes with a total of 198 students in Val-de-Travers. In the same year, there were 29 primary classes with a total of 528 students. Emer de Vattel an international lawyer Ferdinand Berthoud a scientist and watchmaker Jonas de Gélieu a Swiss pastor and beekeeper Salomé de Gélieu a Swiss educator and governess to several members of princely courts in Europe Léo Lesquereux a Swiss bryologist and a pioneer of American paleobotany Édouard Piaget a Swiss entomologist who specialised in lice Charles Édouard Guillaume a Swiss physicist who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1920 Édouard Bovet a Swiss watchmaker and founder of the Bovet Fleurier watch company Denis de Rougemont a Swiss writer and cultural theorist Daniel Bovet a Swiss-born Italian pharmacologist who won the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of drugs that block the actions of specific neurotransmitters Fritz Tschannen a Swiss accordion player, former ski jumper who competed at the 1948 Winter Olympics and a conductor until 1999, when he retired to Fleurier Boveresse in German and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland