Crime in Los Angeles

Crime in Los Angeles has varied throughout time, reaching peaks between the 1970s and 1990s. In 2012, the Los Angeles Police Department reported that crime had declined in the city for the 10th consecutive year. In 2013, Los Angeles reported 296 homicides in the city proper, which corresponds to a rate of 6.3 per 100,000 population—a notable decrease from 1980, when the all time homicide rate of 34.2 per 100,000 population was reported for the year. In 2014, there were 260 homicides, at a rate of 6.7 per 100,000 people. In 2015, it was revealed that the LAPD had been under-reporting crime for eight years, making the crime rate in the city appear much lower than it is. 14,000 assaults went unreported as "minor offenses" rather than violent crimes. Additionally, recent years have seen more crime in the gentrified downtown area; the city is patrolled by the Los Angeles Police Department. A series of murders that occurred on March 18, 1936 in the Los Angeles, Lincoln Heights area. An equal rights meeting led by both illegal and legalized foreign aliens Latino and Italian, were met with force by the LAPD under the order of Frank L. Shaw.

Rather than disband the rally, the LAPD brutalized them, spilling blood on the streets of Griffin, Mozart and Baldwin. Thirty-three protesters were injured, nineteen dead, five LAPD officers were recorded wounded, with one dead. While many of the deaths and injuries fell onto the equal rights protesters, there was an unnamed casualty at the time in order to cover the law-breaking of the police force. Sandra Vespucci, an Italian youth living on Baldwin street at the time, was killed by a stray bullet in front of her home. Shortly after the bloodshed, many of the officers involved were forced to resign by Mayor Shaw. During the early 1930s-early 1940s, during the Prohibition Era, organized crime in Los Angeles as well as Las Vegas was ruled by Jewish-American east coast mobster Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel and Italian-American crime boss Jack Dragna, boss of the Los Angeles crime family, who succeeded as boss of the family after the disappearance of former Los Angeles crime boss Joseph Ardizzone in 1931.

After Siegel's murder on June 20, 1947, his lieutenant Mickey Cohen inherited Siegel's rackets, creating his own crime family and a turf war began with Jack Dragna and the Los Angeles crime family for control of Siegel's former territories and organized crime in Los Angeles in general. The war lasted nine years, with shootouts and violent confrontations occurring on a daily basis on both the Sunset Strip and Hollywood Blvd, as well as other neighborhoods and regions in Los Angeles and Los Angeles County. Many mobsters were killed during the war on Cohen's side, as well as many attempts on Cohen's life, including the bombing of Cohen's home in the Brentwood neighborhood of Los Angeles. Several Mafia families from the Midwest and East Coast backed either Dragna. In 1956, Dragna died of a heart attack and led Cohen to win the war. Mickey Cohen himself would die from stomach cancer in 1976; the riots began on August 11, 1965, in Watts, when Lee Minikus, a California Highway Patrol motorcycle officer, pulled Marquette Frye over.

Minikus believed Frye was intoxicated because of observing his driving which Minikus believed to be erratic. While police questioned Marquette Frye and his brother Ronald Frye, a group of people began to gather; the mob began to shout at the police officers. A struggle ensued shortly after Frye's mother, arrived on the scene, resulting in the arrest of all three family members; as a result of the riots, 34 people were reported killed, 1,032 people were injured, 4,000 people were arrested. Among the dead were a fireman, an L. A. County deputy sheriff and a Long Beach police officer; the injured included 773 civilians, 90 Los Angeles police officers, 136 firefighters, 10 national guardsmen, 23 persons from other governmental agencies. 118 of those injured were injured by firearms. Six-hundred buildings were damaged or destroyed, an estimated $35 million in damage was caused. Most of the physical damage was confined to businesses that were said to have caused resentment in the neighbourhood due to perceived unfairness.

Homes were not attacked. Crack cocaine first began to be used on a massive scale in Los Angeles in 1984. Between February and July 1984 cocaine abuse and related violence had exploded to unprecedented levels in the city, by 1985, crack was available in most of the major American cities. South Central, where the crack cocaine problem was the worst in the country, became the site of many police raids. Unknown gangs were growing and new ones were emerging; the rap music genre, TV shows and movies portrayed that part of Los Angeles as a no-go zone and a violent area. The 1992 Los Angeles Riots known as the Rodney King uprising or the Rodney King riots, were sparked on April 29, 1992 when a jury acquitted four police officers accused in the videotaped violent and brutal beating of black motorist Rodney King when he resisted arrest following a high-speed car chase. Thousands in the Los Angeles area joined in a race riot involving acts of law-breaking, including looting, assault and murder, seeing in King an example of injustice against minorities in the United States.

The situation became too difficult to be handled by local police, the California Army National Guard as well as federal soldiers and Marines were called in. About 5 National Guardsmen were injured during the riots. Overall, 63 people died during the riots; the 1997 North Hollywood shootout was an armed confrontation between two armed and armored bank robbers, Larry Eugene Phillips

Bestiary (Robert Rich album)

Bestiary is an album by the American ambient musician Robert Rich. This album showcases the musical concept that Rich has long referred to as “glurp”, it evokes a surreal landscape inhabited by a wide variety of bizarre organisms. Work on this album began while Rich was working to create a library of Acid Loops for the Sonic Foundry company, he had created an Acid Loop library in 1999 called Liquid Planet. In this project Rich began creating a library of unusual sounds with his new MOTM modular synthesizer; as the synthesizer grew, Rich became impressed by its potential and decided to abandon the Acid Loop project in favor of creating a new album. MIDI played an limited role in this album as most of its material was recorded live to hard disc with the audio feature of the Cubase program, it was assembled into a continuous 53 minute audio file. All tracks by Robert Rich ”Mantis Intentions” – 8:00 ”Nesting on Cliffsides” – 12:46 ”Dante’s Anthropomorphic Zoo” – 3:06 ”Bestiary” – 6:17 ”Carapace Hides the Delicacy” – 3:12 ”Folded Space” – 5:34 ”Sharpening Her Talons” – 3:51 ”Premonition of Circular Clouds” – 10:21 Robert Rich – MOTM modular synthesizer, lap steel guitar, processed acoustic sources, “glurp” Forrest Fang – Marxolin, hichiriki Andrew McGowanbass Haroun Serangguitar album feature from Robert Rich’s official web site

Lowell, Wisconsin

Lowell is a village in Dodge County, United States, along the Beaver Dam River. The population was 340 at the 2010 census; the village is located within the Town of Lowell. Lowell is located at 43°20′20″N 88°49′13″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.05 square miles, of which, 1.00 square mile of it is land and 0.05 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 340 people, 136 households, 89 families living in the village; the population density was 340.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 163 housing units at an average density of 163.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99.4% White, 0.3% African American, 0.3% Native American. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population. There were 136 households of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 34.6% were non-families.

27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.06. The median age in the village was 42.3 years. 21.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 50.6% male and 49.4% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 366 people, 142 households, 93 families living in the village; the population density was 368.1 people per square mile. There were 153 housing units at an average density of 153.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 96.17% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 1.09% Asian, 1.64% from other races, 0.82% from two or more races. 3.28 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 142 households out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.5% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.18. In the village, the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.0 males. The median income for a household in the village was $43,594, the median income for a family was $46,750. Males had a median income of $35,694 versus $23,333 for females; the per capita income for the village was $14,393. About 4.8% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.7% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over. Milton H. Erickson, psychiatrist Charles A. Kading, Wisconsin politician John Lowth, Wisconsin politician