Greensboro, North Carolina
Greensboro is a city in the U. S. state of North Carolina. It is the 3rd-most populous city in North Carolina, the 68th-most populous city in the United States, the county seat and largest city in Guilford County and the surrounding Piedmont Triad metropolitan region; as of the 2010 census, the city population was 269,666, in 2015 the estimated population was 285,342. Three major interstate highways in the Piedmont region of central North Carolina were built to intersect at this city. In 1808, "Greensborough" was planned around a central courthouse square to succeed Guilford Court House as the county seat; the county courts were thus placed closer to the geographical center of the county, a location more reached at the time by the majority of the county's citizens, who depended on horse and foot for travel. In 2003, the previous Greensboro – Winston-Salem – High Point metropolitan statistical area was re-defined by the U. S. Office of Management and Budget; this region was separated into the Greensboro–High Point MSA and the Winston-Salem MSA.
The 2010 population for the Greensboro–High Point MSA was 723,801. The combined statistical area of Greensboro–Winston-Salem–High Point, popularly referred to as the Piedmont Triad, had a population of 1,599,477. Among Greensboro's many notable attractions, some of the most popular include the Wet'n Wild Emerald Pointe water park, the Greensboro Science Center, the International Civil Rights Museum, the Weatherspoon Art Museum, the Greensboro Symphony, the Greensboro Ballet, Triad Stage, the Wyndham Golf Championship, the headquarters of the Atlantic Coast Conference, the Greensboro Coliseum Complex which hosts various sporting events and other events, the Greensboro Grasshoppers of the South Atlantic Baseball League, the Carolina Dynamo of the Premier Development Soccer League, the Greensboro Swarm of the NBA G League, the Greensboro Roller Derby, the National Folk Festival. At the time of European encounter, the inhabitants of the area that became Greensboro were a Siouan-speaking people called the Saura.
Other indigenous cultures had occupied this area for thousands of years settling along the waterways, as did the early settlers. Quaker migrants from Pennsylvania, by way of Maryland, arrived at Capefair in about 1750; the new settlers began organized religious services affiliated with the Cane Creek Friends Meeting in Snow Camp in 1751. Three years 40 Quaker families were granted approval to establish New Garden Monthly Meeting; the settlement grew during the next three years, adding members from as far away as Nantucket in Massachusetts. It soon became the most important Quaker community in North Carolina and mother of several other Quaker meetings that were established in the state and west of the Appalachians. After the Revolutionary War, the city of Greensboro was named for Major General Nathanael Greene, commander of the rebel American forces at the Battle of Guilford Court House on March 15, 1781. Although the Americans lost the battle, Greene's forces inflicted heavy casualties on the British Army of General Cornwallis.
Following this battle, Cornwallis withdrew his troops to a British coastal base in Wilmington, North Carolina. Greensboro was established near the geographic center of Guilford County, on land, "an unbroken forest with thick undergrowth of huckleberry bushes, that bore a finely flavored fruit." Property for the future village was purchased from the Saura for $98. Three north-south streets were laid out intersecting with three east-west streets; the courthouse was built at the center of the intersection of Market streets. By 1821, the town was home to 369 residents. In the early 1840s, Greensboro was designated by the state government as one of the stops on a new railroad line, at the request of Governor John Motley Morehead, whose plantation, was in Greensboro. Stimulated by rail traffic and improved access to markets, the city grew soon becoming known as the "Gate City" due to its role as a transportation hub for the Piedmont; the railroads transported goods to and from the cotton textile mills.
Many of the manufacturers developed workers' housing in mill villages near their facilities. Textile companies and related businesses continued into the 21st century, when most went bankrupt, and/or merged with other companies as textile manufacturing jobs moved offshore. Greensboro is still a major center of the textile industry, with the main offices of International Textile Group, Galey & Lord, VF Corporation. ITG Brands, maker of Kool and Salem brand cigarettes, is the third largest tobacco company in the United States and is headquartered in Greensboro. Rail traffic continues to be important for the city's economy, as Greensboro is a major regional freight hub. In addition, four Amtrak passenger trains stop in Greensboro daily on the main Norfolk Southern line between Washington and New Orleans by way of Atlanta. Though the city developed early wealth generated in the 18th and 19th centuries from cotton trade and merchandising resulted in owners' constructing several notable buildings; the earliest named Blandwood Mansion and Gardens, was built by a planter in 1795.
Additions to this residence in 1846, designed by Alexander Jackson Davis of New York City, made the house influential as America's earliest Tuscan-style villa. It has been designated as a
Music of North Carolina
The U. S. state of North Carolina is known for its tradition of old-time music, many recordings were made in the early 20th century by folk song collector Bascom Lamar Lunsford. Most influentially, North Carolina country musicians like the North Carolina Ramblers and Al Hopkins helped solidify the sound of country music in the late 1920s, while influential bluegrass musicians such as Earl Scruggs, Doc Watson and Del McCoury came from North Carolina. Arthur Smith is the most notable North Carolina musician/entertainer who had the first nationally syndicated television program which featured country music, he composed "Guitar Boogie", the all-time best selling guitar instrumental, "Dueling Banjos", the all-time best selling banjo composition. Country rock star Eric Church from the Hickory area has had 2 #1 albums on the Billboard 200, including Chief in 2011. Eric Church graduated from Appalachian State University. Both North and South Carolina are a hotbed for traditional country blues the style known as the Piedmont blues.
Elizabeth Cotten, from Chapel Hill, was active in the American folk music revival. Because of their proximity to universities the areas of Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill area, Greensboro, Greenville and Wilmington have long been a well-known center for indie rock, punk, jazz and hip-hop. Bands from this popular music scene include folk rock The Avett Brothers from the Charlotte area, Corrosion of Conformity, The Rosebuds, The Love Language, Benji Hughes, Jon Lindsay, Tift Merritt, Ben Folds Five, Squirrel Nut Zippers, Carolina Chocolate Drops, Lords of the Underground, Between the Buried and Me, Mandolin Orange, Charlie Daniels. Concord has hosted the annual three-day Carolina Rebellion hard rock music festival each May at Charlotte Motor Speedway since 2011. Additional notable North Carolina musicians include country singers Andy Griffith from Mt. Airy, Charlie Daniels from Wilmington, Ronnie Milsap, Randy Travis from the Charlotte area, Kellie Pickler from the Charlotte area, Scotty McCreery from the Raleigh area, Luke Combs and Chase Rice from Asheville.
Soul singer Ben E. King. Glam metal band FireHouse from Charlotte, Pop rock band Athenaeum from Greensboro, Fred Durst from Gastonia-lead singer of Limp Bizkit, alternative metal band Decyfer Down. Beach music group The Catalinas is from Charlotte, pop singer Clay Aiken is from Raleigh. Slave musicians in North Carolina and throughout the country were responsible for providing the dance music for both white and African American social gatherings. If a slave was trained as a musician, their value as property went up for their masters. String bands were formed to accompany the social dancing. After slaves were given their freedom, small communities of blacks began to form in the North Carolina Piedmont region. One of these communities outside of Statesville, North Carolina had enough of a fiddler population to support a fiddler’s convention. Joe Thompson, an African American fiddler who died in 2012, is from the Cedar Grove community in North Carolina; the banjo was another popular instrument for African Americans to play in a string band.
The banjo is an instrument adapted from its African relative the akonting, younger black musicians learned to play from older community members. One black musician, Joe Fulp, from the Walnut Cove community used the banjo to help pass the time while waiting for tobacco to cure. String Bands of the North Carolina Piedmont region had their own sound consisting of long bow fiddle playing, flowing banjo lines, a prominent bass line provided by the guitar, an instrument added to the ensemble in the early 20th century; the style of Piedmont string bands was influenced by the dance tune melodies of Europe and the rhythmic complexity of African banjo playing. North Carolina is considered a cradle of gospel music; the Moravians who established the town of Winston-Salem had published Europe's first hymnal in the 15th century, had brought from the Czech Republic and Saxony many instruments including skills to build pipe organs. Music was an integral part of community life. Everyone participated in brass bands and knew the songs which told of births and other events.
The Moravian Music Foundation in Old Salem contains the archive of these materials. In the days of slavery, spirituals played a huge role in the lives of the slaves of North Carolina elite, after emancipation, this stayed true. During the 1940s and 50s, North Carolina was a favorite place to visit of gospel singers for many reasons, among, North Carolina's less rigorous Jim Crow laws. North Carolina is home to many famous gospel singers, the most famous being Shirley Caesar, known as the "First Lady of Gospel". Caesar got her start when the group The Caravans came through Wilson in 1958. North Carolina is famous for its abundance of family gospel groups which thrive all throughout the state. Award-winning vocal group The Kingsmen originate in Asheville; the Piedmont blues is a type of blues music characterized by a unique finger-picking method on the guitar in which a regular, alternating-thumb bass pattern supports a melody using treble strings. Blind Boy Fuller was a popular Pied
Albemarle, North Carolina
Albemarle is a small city and the county seat of Stanly County, North Carolina. The population was 15,903 in the 2010 Census. Gerald R. "Ronnie" Michael serves as Mayor and Albemarle has a seven-member City Council elected in a combination of at-large and district seats. Albemarle has operated under the Council-Manager form of government since 1962. Michael Ferris has served as City Manager since December 2014 and served as Assistant City Manager for nearly two decades; the City Manager is appointed by the City Council, is responsible for the day-to-day administration of City government. The City's Department Heads report directly to the City Manager, responsible for development and administration of the City's annual budget; this place-name is derived of the English noble surname Albemarle. According to a 1905 publication by the United States Geologic Survey, based on research by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill history professor Kenip P. Battle, it was named for General George Monk, the first Duke of Albemarle and one of the original proprietors of the town.
The site of modern-day Albemarle was peopled by small tribes of hunter-gatherers and mound builders whose artifacts and settlements have been dated back nearly 10,000 years. Large-scale European settlement of the region came in the mid-18th century via two primary waves: immigrants of Dutch, Scots-Irish and German descent moved from Pennsylvania and New Jersey seeking enhanced religious and political tolerance, while immigrants of English backgrounds came to the region from Virginia and the Cape Fear River Basin in Eastern North Carolina. In early English colonial times, the Albemarle area was politically part of the New Hanover Precinct, out of which the Bladen Precinct was created in 1734; the renamed Bladen County was subdivided to create Anson County in 1750, which in turn spawned Montgomery County in 1779. The Albemarle region's first post office was established in 1826; the nearby crossroads of the Old Turnpike Road from Fayetteville to Salisbury and the Old Stage Road connecting Charlotte and Raleigh emerged as an important hub for regional commerce and trade.
The region remained part of Montgomery County until 1841, when after years of attempted separation, prominent residents of the populous areas west of the Yadkin/Pee Dee River system petitioned the North Carolina General Assembly for the establishment of Stanly County as an independent entity. Soon after the new county was formed, its Board of Commissioners was tasked with establishing a permanent county seat within eight miles of the home of Eben Hearne, with laying out a new town, in which a courthouse would be erected. Nehemiah Hearne's heirs donated 51 acres from his plantation near the intersection of the Old Turnpike and Old Stage Roads for the construction of the new County Seat; the County Commissioners established the town's boundaries, laid out streets and surveyed and marked parcels of property within Hearne's donated land. The first land lot sale financed the new town's public buildings and paid some part of the elected officials' salaries; the courthouse was used for 50 years. The City of Albemarle was formally incorporated in 1857.
The town was named for Albemarle County, the first county established in North Carolina, in turn named for the Duke of Albemarle, George Monck, one of the Lords Proprietors granted the province of Carolina in 1663 by King Charles II. The Albemarle region's early economic growth was fueled by agriculture, regional mercantile trade and a short-lived gold rush in the nearby Uwharrie Mountains, all supplanted by textile manufacturing; the Efird Manufacturing Co. opened its first mill in Albemarle in 1896, was followed soon thereafter by the Wiscasset Mill Company, the Cannon Mill Company, the Lillian Knitting Mill and others. In 1899, Wiscassett Mills Company established the first bank in Albemarle. By 1910, an electrical distribution plan for the city was underway; the Yadkin Railroad began rail service to Albemarle from Salisbury in 1891. In 1911, the Winston-Salem Southbound Railway constructed its own line through Albemarle to support the booming textile and market driving the Yadkin Railroad into obsolescence.
The WSS still provides freight service through Albemarle, but since 1933 there has been no passenger service to the city. The Old Market Street Station on the WSS line has been restored, is now the site of a popular farmer's market; the railbed of the Yadkin Railroad has been ripped up and paved over, though a one-mile segment of its route south of Albemarle now serves as a hiking trail in Rock Creek Park. In 1923, a state contract was let to construct NC-24/27 to Charlotte, the first paved highway out of Albemarle. In 1950, Stanly County Memorial Hospital opened on land donated by Wiscassett Mills. Albemarle was recognized by the National Trust for Historic Preservation as a National Main Street City in 1993. There are a number of historic preservation and adaptive reuse projects in its downtown that have been completed or are underway, including an initiative to create a greenway linking many of the City's parks and historic sites; the Freeman-Marks House built during the 1820s, is the oldest known surviving house in Albemarle.
It is listed in the National Register of Historic Places, along with the Romanesque Revival Opera House/Starnes Jewelers Building and three small historic districts in the city's downtown area. Another important historic property is the Isaiah W. "Buck" Snuggs House, an antebellum home on Third
Demographics of North Carolina
Demographics of North Carolina covers the varieties of ethnic groups who reside in North Carolina and relevant trends. Center of Population in between Seagrove and Cheeks, North Carolina The United States Census Bureau, as of July 1, 2009, estimated North Carolina's population at 9,380,884 which represents an increase of 1,340,334, or 16.7%, since the last census in 2000. This exceeds the rate of growth for the United States as a whole; the growth comprises a natural increase since the last census of 412,906 people and an increase due to net migration of 783,382 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 192,099 people, migration within the country produced a net gain of 591,283 people. Between 2005 and 2006, North Carolina passed New Jersey to become the 10th most populous state; the state's population reported as under 5 years old was 6.7%, 24.4% were under 18, 12.0% were 65 or older. Females made up 51% of the population. North Carolina has three major Metropolitan Combined Statistical Areas with populations of more than 1 million: The Metrolina: Charlotte-Gastonia-Salisbury, North Carolina-South Carolina - population 2,402,623 The Triangle: Raleigh-Durham-Cary-Chapel Hill, North Carolina - population 1,749,525 The Piedmont Triad: Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, North Carolina - population 1,589.200North Carolina has nine municipalities with populations of more than 100,000, with 16 municipalities with populations over 50,000: Charlotte: Mecklenburg County - population 731,424 Raleigh: Wake County - population 403,892 Greensboro: Guilford County - population 269,666 Winston-Salem: Forsyth County - population 229,617 Durham: Durham County - population 228,330 Fayetteville: Cumberland County - population 200,564 Cary: Wake County - population 135,234 High Point: Guilford County - population 104,371 Wilmington: New Hanover County - population 106,456Officially, as drawn from verified US Census Department Statistics, the 15 largest cities in North Carolina are: 1 Charlotte: Mecklenburg County - population 731,424 2 Raleigh: Wake County - population 403,892 3 Greensboro: Guilford County - population 269,666 4 Durham: Durham County - population 256,330 5 Winston-Salem: Forsyth County - population 233,123 6 Fayetteville: Cumberland County - population 200,564 7 Cary: Wake County - population 135,234 8 Wilmington: New Hanover County - population 106,476 9 High Point: Guilford County - population 104,371 10 Greenville: Pitt County - population 86,017 11 Asheville: Buncombe County - population 83,393 12 Concord: Cabarrus County - population 79,066 13 Gastonia: Gaston County - population 71,059 14 Jacksonville: Onslow County - population 70,145 15 Chapel Hill: Durham and Orange Counties - population 57,477 These figures may have been invalidated by local estimates, chamber of commerce estimates, or other unofficial sources.
Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. Since 2016, data for births of White Hispanic origin are not collected, but included in one Hispanic group; as of the 2015 vintage year of the U. S. Census series starting in 2010, the U. S. Census estimated that the racial distribution of North Carolina's population was 71.2% White American, 22.1% African American, 1.6% American Indian, 2.8% Asian, 9.1% Hispanic or Latino (of any race. North Carolina has been a rural state, with most of the population living on farms or in small towns. However, over the last 30 years the state has undergone rapid urbanization, today most of North Carolina's residents live in urban and suburban areas, as is the case in most of the United States. In particular, the cities of Charlotte and Raleigh have become major urban centers, with large, diverse affluent and growing populations. Most of this growth in diversity has been fueled by immigrants from Latin America and Southeast Asia.
In addition, large numbers of people from the Northeastern United States and California have moved to the state in recent years. North Carolina was one of the country's fastest growing states in the 1990s; the growth rate subsided in the first decade of the 21st century due to changed economic conditions, but it continued to attract new residents. The center of population of North Carolina is located in the town of Seagrove. African Americans make up nearly a quarter of North Carolina's population; the number of middle-class blacks has increased since the 1970s. African Americans are concentrated in the state's eastern Coastal Plain and in parts of the Piedmont Plateau, where they had worked and where the most new job opportunities are. African-American communities number by the hundreds in rural counties in the south-central and northeast, in predominantly black neighborhoods in the cities: Charlotte, Durham, Fayetteville and Winston-Salem; until the mid-1820s, North Carolina had more small farms and fewer plantations than adjacent South Carolina and Virginia.
These "yeoman" farmers were non-slave-holding, private land owners of tracts of 500 acres or less. Few blacks live in the state's mountains and rural areas of the western Piedmont. In some mountain counties, the black population has numbered in the few dozens at most. Free African Americans migrated in the colonial and post-Revolutionary period to frontier areas of North Carolina from Virginia. Detailed family histories of 80% of those counted as "all other free persons" in the 1790-1810 federal census show they were descendants of Af
In North Carolina, the Crystal Coast is an 85-mile stretch of coastline that extends from the Cape Lookout National Seashore, which includes 56 miles of protected beaches, southwestward to the New River. The Crystal Coast is second-home owners in the summer; the absolute boundaries of this coast are disputed, but the main area includes all the major Carteret County beaches. It includes eastern portions of Carteret County, such as Harkers Island, Down East and Shackleford Banks, as well as the northern Onslow County beaches, a few ports along the Intracoastal Waterway; some tourism marketing describes the region as the Southern Outer Banks, to draw a connection to the main barrier islands of the Outer Banks. Cape Lookout has traditionally defined the southern border of the Outer Banks, it is held to mark the northern extent of the Crystal Coast. The Carteret County Tourism Development Authority coined the name of Crystal Coast, to highlight the appeal of its waters; this body is known as the Crystal Coast Tourism Authority.
The area has more than 100 restaurants and many hotels, including the Doubletree Atlantic Beach, the largest full-service hotel on the coast of North Carolina. Beach cottages, which are rented out for a week during the summer, are popular here in Emerald Isle. Numerous properties are held as second homes by people with full-time residences in the interior of the state, such as in the cities of Kinston and the capital Raleigh. Many areas in this region have public access to the beaches, with one of the most popular being an area known as "The Circle" in central Atlantic Beach, it is a collection of shops and amusement rides along the ocean at the end of the causeway from the bridge to Morehead City. Redevelopment is replacing the central area of rides with high-rise apartments, new restaurants, shops. Diving and fishing are two other activities, it is one of the two spots in North America where the warm waters of the Gulf Stream approach the coastline, creating a “wreck diver’s dream” with near-perfect conditions, according to Scuba Diving magazine.
The North Carolina coast is known as the “Graveyard of the Atlantic. During World War II, German U-boats targeted and sank merchant vessels in this area; the clear warm waters enable divers to view them 100 feet beneath the sea. In the 21st century, the Lionfish, a poisonous non-native invasive species with sharp spiny fins and brick red bands covering its body, has been found in these waters, alarming conservationists. Lionfish were thought to inhabit only the tropical and subtropical waters of the South Pacific, Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Diving activities include underwater photography clinics as well as spear fishing dives; the proximity of the Gulf Stream makes the Crystal Coast a popular fishing destination. The warm waters provide this area with the longest fishing season on the Atlantic coast. One of the largest fishing tournaments in the world, the Big Rock Blue Marlin Tournament, is run from Morehead City. Other fish caught along the Crystal Coast include bluefin tuna, yellowfin tuna, red drum, false albacore, sea trout, striped bass, sailfish and wahoo.
Several private charters operate fishing excursions. Headboat fishing trips can take up to 100 people; the North Carolina Seafood Festival has been held for over 30 years and is one of the largest festivals in the state. It is held near the port of Morehead City. In Atlantic Beach, Fort Macon is a major draw for its Civil War history. During the war, the fort changed hands several times between Confederate forces. Afterward it fell into disrepair but was restored in 1934 as a part of the state park system, during a period of public investment in infrastructure and parks. During World War II, the federal government took over the fort, using it to protect a number of important nearby facilities. Returned to the state, the park preserves a protected beach. One of three North Carolina aquariums is at Pine Knoll Shores, with the other two in Manteo and Fort Fisher. All three have been renovated and enlarged; the “Living Shipwreck” features a life-sized replica of a German U-352 submarine and Blackbeard’s infamous ship, the Queen Anne's Revenge, found nearby off the coast a decade ago.
Historic Beaufort and Down East Carteret County are known for their culture. Beaufort is the third-oldest Anglo-European town in North Carolina, after New Bern, it is the site of the North Carolina Maritime Museum, the official repository for all the artifacts discovered on the Queen Anne’s Revenge. Displays include seashells with 5,000 specimens from more than 100 countries. At the museum's Watercraft Center, volunteers build and restore boats in an effort to preserve the Crystal Coast’s tradition of “backyard boat-building.” On nearby Harkers Island, the Core Sound Waterfowl Museum displays and helps preserve the island residents' practice of decoy carving. Skilled artisans carve a perfect replica of different varieties of ducks from a block of wood. Residents used the wooden ducks as decoys during duck hunting season. Trips to visit the black-and-white diamond pattern lighthouse at Cape Lookout can be made from Beaufort and Harker's Island. Nearby Shackleford Banks is home to herds of feral horses, known as Bankers.
The Core Sound shoreline communities east of Beaufort are known as the "Down East" area of North Car
Wildlife of North Carolina
This article seeks to serve as a field-guide, central repository, listing for the flora and fauna of North Carolina and surrounding territories. North Carolina's geography is divided into three biomes: Coastal and the Appalachian Mountains. North Carolina is the most ecologically unique state in the southeast because its borders contain sub-tropical and boreal habitats. Although the state is at temperate latitudes, the Appalachian mountains and the Gulf Stream influence climate and, the vegetation and animals. Located in eastern North Carolina, the coastal region is more humid; the climate is humid subtropical and the geography is flat Coastal plain. This region includes the Charlotte Metro Area and urban biomes of Raleigh and Durham, as well as a large area of semi-mountainous, rolling hills; the climate is Humid Subtropical and the geography is rolling, gentle hills and flat valleys. The Piedmont ranges from about 300–400 feet elevation in the east to over 1,000 feet in the west The mountainous region has a climate of Humid Continental and its geography is the Appalachian Mountains with elevations between 1500 and more than 6000 feet.
E - endangeredCommon opossums: Virginia opossum, Didelphis virginianaArmadillos: Nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctusRodents: North American beaver, Castor canadensis Eastern gray squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis Fox squirrel, Sciurus niger Northern flying squirrel, Glaucomys sabrinus Groundhog, Marmota monax Muskrat, Ondatra zibethicus White-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopusLagomorphs: Eastern cottontail, Sylvilagus floridanusEulipotyphlans: Northern short-tailed shrew, Blarina brevicaudaBats: Gray bat, Myotis grisescens E Indiana bat, Myotis sodalis E Townsend's big-eared bat, Corynorhinus townsendii Big brown bat, Eptesicus fuscusCarnivorans: Big Foot Red fox, Vulpes vulpes Gray fox, Urocyon cinereoargenteus Coyote, Canis latrans Red wolf, Canis rufus* American black bear, Ursus americanus Raccoon, Procyon lotor Long-tailed weasel, Mustela frenata Least weasel, Mustela nivalis North American river otter, Lontra canadensisEven-toed ungulates: Elk, Cervus canadensis White-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianusIntroduced animals: Banker horse, a breed of feral horse, Equus ferus caballus Feral pigs or wild boar, Sus scrofaIn the mountains, there are small populations of bobcats and bears.
Rocky Mountain elk has been used to reintroduce elk to. Beaver, whose pelt trade was an important part of the North Carolina economy well into the 1800s, were hunted to extinction in 1897. Reintroductions began in 1939 and now beaver have returned to the entire state. Frogs are common in the wet regions of the Piedmont; the frog pictured at left is gray treefrog. These two species can not be differentiated except by genetic analysis. However, H. versicolor is rare in the state and to not be pictured here. They are most abundant in some northern Piedmont counties. Other frogs of North Carolina include Pseudacris crucifer or Hyla crucifer. Common among Carolina forests, this frog lives in high branches of trees, although it is seen on the ground and on roadways; some common amphibians in North Carolina: two-toed amphiuma, common mudpuppy, dwarf waterdog, eastern lesser siren, greater siren, red-spotted newt, Mabee's salamander, spotted salamander, marbled salamander, mole salamander, eastern tiger salamander, southern dusky salamander, dwarf salamander, four-toed salamander, Wehrle's salamander, eastern spadefoot, southern toad, Pine Barrens treefrog, Cope's gray treefrog, green treefrog, squirrel treefrog, gray treefrog, little grass frog, ornate chorus frog, upland chorus frog, American bullfrog, bronze frog, pickerel frog, southern leopard frog, wood frog Freshwater: bodie bass, Roanoke bass, largemouth bass, rock bass, smallmouth bass, spotted bass, striped bass, white bass, blue catfish, channel catfish, flathead catfish, white catfish, brown bullhead, white perch, yellow perch, chain pickerel, redfin pickerel, American shad, hickory shad, redear, flier, green sunfish, warmouth, brook trout, rainbow trout, brown trout, bowfin, crappie, freshwater drum, grass carp, kokanee salmon, tiger muskellunge, northern pike, eastern mosquitofish, smallmouth buffalo, the endemic Cape Fear shiner.
Saltwater: albacore, Atlantic bonito, bank sea bass, bigeye tuna, blackfin tuna, black drum, black sea bass, blacktip shark, bluefin tuna, blue marlin, blueline tilefish, bull shark, cobia, dolphin, gag, gray triggerfish, gray trout, hickory shad, hogfish, humping mullet, king mackerel, knobbed porgy, little tunny, mako shark, northern puffer, oyster toadfish, pinfish, red drum, red grouper, red snapper, scamp, sea mullet, sheepshead, silver perch, silver snapper, skipjack tuna, Spanish mackerel, speckled hind, spottail pinfish, speckled trout, striped bass, tarpon, tiger shark, vermillion snapper, white marlin, white grunt, yellowfin tuna, yellowedge grouper, yellowtail snapper Various insects, millipedes, freshwater crayfish, freshwater mollusks. Spiders: Northern black widow, Southern black widow, False black widow, Common house spider, Yellow garden spider (Argi
Economy of North Carolina
In 2017, North Carolina's total gross state product was $540,497 billion. In 2011 the civilian labor force was at around 4.5 million with employment near 4.1 million. The working population is employed across the major employment sectors; the economy of North Carolina covers 15 metropolitan areas. North Carolina includes the following metropolitan areas: Asheville, Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, Durham-Chapel Hill, Goldsboro, Greensboro-High Point, Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, Raleigh-Cary, Rocky Mount, Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News and Winston-Salem. According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the state's 2010 total gross state product was $424.9 billion, making it the ninth wealthiest state in terms of gross domestic product. Its 2007 per capita personal income was $33,735. North Carolina's agricultural outputs include poultry and eggs, hogs, nursery stock, sweet potatoes, soybeans. There has been a distinct difference in the economic growth of North Carolina's urban and rural areas.
While large cities such as Charlotte, Raleigh and others have experienced rapid population and economic growth over the last thirty years, many of the state's small towns have suffered from loss of jobs and population. Most of North Carolina's small towns developed around textile and furniture factories. However, North Carolina has been affected by offshoring and industrial growth in countries like China; as these factories closed and moved to low-wage markets in Asia and Latin America, the small towns that depended upon them have suffered. The first gold nugget found in the U. S. was found in Cabarrus County in 1799. The first gold dollar minted in the U. S. was minted at the Bechtler Mint in Rutherford County. The responsibilities in regulatory and service areas covering different aspect of Agriculture and manufacturing are overseen by the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Over the past century, North Carolina has grown to become a national leader in agriculture, financial services, manufacturing.
The state's industrial output—mainly textiles, electrical equipment and pulp and paper products—ranked eighth in the nation in the early 1990s. The textile industry, once a mainstay of the state's economy, has been losing jobs to producers in Latin America and Asia for the past 25 years, though the state remains the largest textile employer in the United States. Over the past few years, another important Carolina industry, furniture production, has been hard hit by jobs moving to Asia. North Carolina is the leading producer of tobacco in the country; as one of North Carolina's earliest sources of revenue, it remains vital to the local economy. Agriculture in the western counties of North Carolina is experiencing a revitalization coupled with a shift to niche marketing, fueled by the growing demand for organic and local products. CNBC's list of "Top States for Business for 2010" has recognized North Carolina as the fourth-best state in the nation, behind Texas and Colorado. North Carolina is an at-will employment state, meaning employees in the private sector may be dismissed without prior notice or reason.
In March 2017, the unemployment rate was 4.9%. Charlotte, North Carolina's largest city, continues to experience rapid growth, in large part due to the banking & finance industry. Charlotte is the second-largest banking center in the United States, is home to Bank of America; the Charlotte metro area is home to 6 other Fortune 500 companies. The capital city of Raleigh is where SAS Institute, one of the world's largest held software companies, CaptiveAire Systems, the largest held kitchen ventilation systems company in the country, were founded. BB&T, one of America's largest banks, was founded in Wilson, North Carolina in 1872. Today, BB&T's headquarters is in Winston-Salem; the information and biotechnology industries have been on the rise since the creation of the Research Triangle Park in the 1950s. Located between Raleigh and Chapel Hill, it is a globally prominent research center home to over 170 companies and federal agencies and is the largest and oldest continuously operating research and science park in the United States.
Anchored by the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, Duke University in Durham, North Carolina State University in Raleigh, the park's proximity to these research universities has no doubt helped to fuel growth. The North Carolina Research Campus underway in Kannapolis aims to enrich and bolster the Charlotte area in the same way that RTP changed the Raleigh-Durham region. Encompassing 5,800,000 square feet, the complex is a collaborative project involving Duke University, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, N. C. State University, along with private and corporate investors and developers; the facility incorporates corporate, academic and residential space, oriented toward research and development and biotechnology. In downtown Winston-Salem, the Piedmont Triad Research Park is undergoing an expansion. Thirty miles to the east of Winston-Salem's research park, University of North Carolina at Greensboro and North Carolina A&T State University have joined fo