Crime in Ukraine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The number of registered crimes per Ukrainian Oblast (and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea) in 2008

Crime in Ukraine is combated by the Ukrainian Police and other agencies.

Crime by type[edit]

Murder[edit]

In 2010, Ukraine had a murder rate of 4.3 per 100,000 population.[1] There were a total of 1,988 murders in Ukraine in 2010;[1] in 2017 0.3% of Ukrainian crime was homicide.[2] In 2016 the Ukrainian police investigated 1,707 murders, and in 2017 1,397.[2]

Corruption[edit]

Corruption is a widespread and growing problem in Ukrainian society.[3][4] In 2014's Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index Ukraine was ranked 142nd out of the 175 countries investigated (tied with Uganda and the Comoros).[5]

Bribes are given to ensure that public services are delivered either in time or at all.[6] Ukrainians stated they give bribes because they think it is customary and expected.[6][7] According to a 2008 Management Systems International (MSI) sociological survey, the highest corruption levels were found in vehicle inspection (57.5%), the police (54.2%), health care (54%), the courts (49%) and higher education (43.6%).[8] On June 8, 2011 Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych stated that corruption costs the state budget US$2.5 billion in revenues annually and that through corrupt dealings in public procurement 10% to 15% (US$7.4 billion) of the state budget "ends up in the pockets of officials".[9]

According to the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the main causes of corruption in Ukraine are a weak justice system and an over-controlling non-transparent government combined with business-political ties and a weak civil society.[10] Corruption is regularly discussed in the Ukrainian media.[11][12]

In May 2018, Estonian President Kersti Kaljulaid stated that corruption is the primary factor that is holding back the development of Ukraine and it can only be resolved with a strong political will after a meeting with the head of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine (NABU), Artem Sytnyk.[13]

Theft[edit]

Kiev police investigating a burglary in May 2014.

In 2017, the main segment of crime was theft with 52% proportion of the total crimes in Ukraine.[2]

Terrorism[edit]

According to official statistics there were 126 acts of terror on Ukrainian soil every month in 2014, 108 in 2015, 155 in 2016 and 124 in 2017.[14]

From 2014 until late 2017 5,804 criminal cases were registered as 'acts of terror'.[14] Or 129 terrorist attacks per month on average;[14] in this time-frame 15 people were convicted for terrorism.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Global Study on Homicide. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c National Police Chief: Number of mob bosses in Ukraine has increased many-fold... Russia’s FSB is often behind this, UNIAN (29 December 2017)
  3. ^ UAH 1.5 b in budget funds embezzled since year-start, interior minister says Archived 2012-06-06 at the Wayback Machine., Interfax-Ukraine (June 18, 2009)
  4. ^ Ukrainians Pessimistic about Country’s Future; Confidence in Political Leaders Falling Archived 2011-10-11 at the Wayback Machine., International Foundation for Electoral Systems (September 13, 2011)
  5. ^ Ukraine remains most corrupt country in Europe - Transparency International, Interfax-Ukraine (3 December 2014)
  6. ^ a b Corruption, Democracy, and Investment in Ukraine Archived 2011-09-26 at the Wayback Machine., Atlantic Council (October 2007)
  7. ^ Press release, 10th International Anti-Corruption Conference (2001)
  8. ^ Global Corruption Report 2008, Transparency International, Chapter 7.4, p. 280.
  9. ^ Under Yanukovych, Ukraine slides deeper in ranks of corrupt nations, Kyiv Post (1 December 2011)
  10. ^ CORRUPTION ASSESSMENT: UKRAINE, USAID (February 10, 2006)
  11. ^ Shuster Live – How to fight with corruption in Ukraine. Consequences of corruption in an army – 2, UkrainaTV.com
  12. ^ Corruption Plague Kyiv Post (June 25, 2009).
  13. ^ ERR (2018-05-23). "Estonian President in Ukraine: Combating corruption requires political will". ERR. Retrieved 2018-06-14. 
  14. ^ a b c d Analysts on terrorist attacks in Ukraine: Fewer but more violent and symbolic, UNIAN (28 December 2017)

External links[edit]