Crime in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Crime in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is investigated by the DRC's police.

Crime by type[edit]

Murder[edit]

The Democratic Republic of the Congo had a murder rate of 13.55 per 100,000 population in 2015.[1]

Corruption[edit]

Sexual violence[edit]

The DRC, and the east of the DRC in particular, has been described as the "Rape Capital of the World";[2][3] the prevalence and intensity of all forms of sexual violence has been described as the worst in the world.[4][5]

Much of the research conducted about sexual violence in the DRC has focused on violence against and rape of women as related to these armed conflict, mostly occurring in the eastern region of the country;[6] the eastern region of the DRC has the highest rates of sexual violence, and much of it is perpetrated by armed militia groups.[7] However, other studies have begun to show that sexual violence is pervasive in all parts of the DRC and that it is not always related to the conflict.[7]

Human trafficking[edit]

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a source and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically conditions of forced labor and forced prostitution; the majority of this trafficking is internal, and much of it is perpetrated by armed groups and government forces outside government control within the DRC's unstable eastern provinces.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Intentional homicide victims | Statistics and Data". dataunodc.un.org. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
  2. ^ "UN official calls DR Congo 'rape capital of the world.'". BBC. 2010-04-28. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  3. ^ McCrummen, Stephanie (2007-09-09). "Prevalence of Rape in E. Congo Described as Worst in World". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
  4. ^ "UN official calls DR Congo 'rape capital of the world.'". BBC. 2010-04-28. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  5. ^ McCrummen, Stephanie (2007-09-09). "Prevalence of Rape in E. Congo Described as Worst in World". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
  6. ^ Kilonzo, Nduku; Njoki Ndung'u; Nerida Nthamburi; Caroline Ajema; Miriam Taegtmeye; Salley Theobald; Rachel Tohurst (2009). "Sexual violence legislation in sub-Saharan Africa: the need for strengthened medico-legal linkages". Reproductive Health Matters. 17 (34): 10–19. doi:10.1016/s0968-8080(09)34485-7. JSTOR 40647441. PMID 19962633.
  7. ^ a b Peterman, Amber; Tia Palermo; Caryn Bredenkamp (June 2011). "Estimates and Determinants of Sexual Violence Against Women in the Democratic Republic of Congo" (PDF). American Journal of Public Health. 101 (6): 1060–1067. doi:10.2105/ajph.2010.300070. PMC 3093289. PMID 21566049. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 June 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  8. ^ "Democratic Republic of the Congo". Trafficking in Persons Report 2010. U.S. Department of State (June 14, 2010). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.