Crimean Goths were those Gothic tribes who remained in the lands around the Black Sea, especially in Crimea. They were the least-powerful, least-known, and almost paradoxically, the longest-lasting of the Gothic communities. At the time, it was customary to refer to a range of Germanic tribes as Goths. The Ostrogoths became vassals of the Huns until the death of Attila, like the Huns, the Goths in Crimea never regained their lost glory. According to Peter Heather and Michael Kulikowski, the Ostrogoths did not even exist until the 5th century, other Gothic groups may have settled in the Crimea. It has also speculated that the Crimean Goths were in fact Saxons escaping Christian persecution from the west. Either way, the existence of Goths in Crimea is first testified from around the 3rd century, during the late 5th and early 6th century, the Crimean Goths had to fight off hordes of Huns who were migrating back eastward after losing control of their European empire. In the 5th century, Theodoric the Great tried to recruit Crimean Goths for his campaigns in Italy, the Principality of Gothia or Theodoro formed after the Fourth Crusade out of parts of the Byzantine thema of Klimata which were not occupied by the Genoese. Its population was a mixture of Greeks, Crimean Goths, Alans, Bulgars, Kipchaks and other nations, the principalitys official language was Greek. The territory was initially under the control of Trebizond, and possibly part of its Crimean possessions, many Crimean Goths were Greek speakers and many non-Gothic Byzantine citizens were settled in the region called Gothia by the government in Constantinople. There is a theory that some Anglo-Saxons who left England after the Battle of Hastings in 1066 arrived in Constantinople in time to help the Byzantines repel an invasion. As a reward, the Byzantine emperor granted them lands near the Sea of Azov in what may have been the Crimean Peninsula, by the 16th century, the existence of Goths in the Crimea had become well known to European scholars. Many travelers visited the Crimea and wrote about the Goths, one romantic report appears in Joachimus Cureus Gentis Silesiae Annales in which he claims that during a voyage in the Black Sea, his ship was forced ashore by storms. There, to his surprise, he found a man singing a song in which he used German words, when he asked him where he was from, he answered that his home was nearby and that his people were goths. Several inscriptions from the early 9th century found in the use the word Goth only as a personal name. Meanwhile, some legends about a Gothic state in Crimea existed in Europe throughout the Middle Ages, in the 16th century, an Imperial envoy in Suleimans court Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq reported having had a conversation with two Goths in Constantinople. He also left the Gothic-Latin dictionary with about a hundred Germanic words that some traits in common with the ancient Gothic language. The first report of the Crimean Goths appears in the Vita of Saint Cyril and he lists Goths as people who read and praised the Christian God in their own language
Archaeological evidence of the Crimean Goths in Crimea
The modern day ruins of Mangup (Doros): Capital of the Crimean Goths.
Mangup Kale is the biggest cavern fortress on the Crimean peninsula