Lee Grant is an American actress and film director. In her 1951 film debut, she played the role of a young shoplifter in William Wyler's Detective Story, co-starring Kirk Douglas and Eleanor Parker, it earned her an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actress, along with the Best Actress Award at the 1952 Cannes Film Festival. In 1952, as she had refused to testify against her husband at the HUAC hearings, she was blacklisted from most acting jobs for the next ten years, she was only able to find occasional work on the stage or as a teacher during that period. It contributed to her divorce. After she was removed from the blacklist in 1962, she rebuilt her acting career in films, after which she starred in 71 TV episodes of Peyton Place, followed by lead roles in films such as Valley of the Dolls, In the Heat of the Night, Shampoo, for which she won her first Oscar. In 1964, she won the Obie Award for Distinguished Performance by an Actress for her performance in The Maids. During her career, she was nominated for the Emmy Award seven times between 1966 and 1993, winning twice.
She won her second Oscar for directing the 1986 documentary and Out in America. Lee Grant was born Lyova Haskell Rosenthal in Manhattan, the only child of Witia, an actress and teacher, Abraham W. Rosenthal, a realtor and educator, her father was born in New York City, to Polish-Jewish immigrants, her mother was a Russian-Jewish immigrant. The family resided in the Hamilton Heights neighborhood of Manhattan, her date of birth is October 31, but the year is disputed, with all years ranging from 1925 to 1931 having been given as her year of birth at some point. She debuted in L'Oracolo at the Metropolitan Opera in 1931 and joined the American Ballet as an adolescent, she attended Art Students League of New York, Juilliard School of Music, The High School of Music & Art, George Washington High School, all in New York City. Grant graduated from high school, won a scholarship to the Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre, studied under Sanford Meisner. Studied at HB Studio under Uta Hagen, she subsequently enrolled in Actors Studio in New York.
Grant had her first stage ballet performance in 1933 at the Metropolitan Opera House. In 1938, in her early teens, she was made a member of the American Ballet, under George Balanchine; as an actress, Grant had her professional stage debut as understudy in Oklahoma in 1944. In 1948, she had her Broadway acting debut in Joy to the World. Grant established herself as a dramatic method actress on and off Broadway, earning praise for her role as a shoplifter in Detective Story in 1949, she made her film debut two years in the film version, starring Kirk Douglas, receiving her first Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress nomination, winning the Best Actress Award at the Cannes Film Festival. She said. In 1951, she gave an impassioned eulogy at the memorial service for actor J. Edward Bromberg, whose early death, she implied, was caused by the stress of being called before House Un-American Activities Committee. After her eulogy was published, she was summoned by the same committee to testify against her husband, playwright Arnold Manoff, but refused.
As a result, for the next ten years, her "prime years", as she put it, she was blacklisted and her work in television and movies was limited. Kirk Douglas, who acted with her in Detective Story, recalled that director Edward Dmytryk, a blacklistee, had first named her husband at the HUAC:Lee was only a kid, a beautiful young girl with extraordinary talent and a big future. You could see it, she was so good that she earned a Best Supporting Actress nomination for her first film role. But because Eddie Dmytryk named her husband, Lee Grant was blacklisted before her film career had a chance to begin. Of course, she refused to testify about the man to whom she was married, it took years before anyone would hire her for another picture. Grant appeared in a limited number of television shows during these years. In 1953, she played Rose Peabody on the CBS soap opera. In the Broadway production of Two for the Seesaw in 1959, she succeeded Anne Bancroft in the lead female role. By the time her name was removed from the blacklist in the early 1960s, she had since been divorced and had a young daughter, Dinah.
She began re-establishing her movie career. In her autobiography, she writes:Dinah was my grail, my constant. Dinah and my need to support her financially, viscerally, my rage at those who had taken twelve working, acting years from my life, were what motivated me, her experience with the blacklist scarred her to such an extent that as late as 2002, she would freeze and go into a "near trance" when anyone asked her about her experiences during the McCarthy period. Grant's first major achievement, after HUAC cleared her, was in the 1960s television series Peyton Place, as Stella Chernak, for which she won an Emmy in 1966. In 1967, Grant appeared in an episode of Mission Impossible, portraying the wife of a U. S. diplomat who goes undercover to discredit a rogue diplomat. That same year, she played the distraught widow of a murder victim in the Oscar-winning In the Heat of the Night. In 1963, she won acclaim for her stage performance in the off-Broadway production of Jean Genet's The Maids, she received s
2012 Cannes Film Festival
The 65th Cannes Film Festival was held from 16 to 27 May 2012. Italian film director Nanni Moretti was the President of the Jury for the main competition and British actor Tim Roth was the President of the Jury for the Un Certain Regard section. French actress Bérénice Bejo hosted closing ceremonies; the festival opened with the US film Moonrise Kingdom, directed by Wes Anderson and closed with the late Claude Miller's final film Thérèse Desqueyroux. The main announcement of the line-up took place on 19 April; the official poster of the festival features Marilyn Monroe, to mark the 50th anniversary of her death. The Palme d'Or was awarded to Austrian director Michael Haneke for his film Amour. Haneke won the Palme d'Or in 2009 for The White Ribbon; the jury gave the Grand Prize to Matteo Garrone's Reality, while Ken Loach's The Angels' Share was awarded the Jury Prize. The following people were appointed as the Jury for the feature films of the 2012 Official Selection: Nanni Moretti, Italian filmmaker, Jury President Hiam Abbass, Palestinian actress and director Andrea Arnold, English filmmaker Emmanuelle Devos, French actress Jean Paul Gaultier, French fashion designer Diane Kruger, German actress Ewan McGregor, Scottish actor Alexander Payne, American filmmaker Raoul Peck, Haitian filmmaker Tim Roth, British actor Leïla Bekhti, French actress Tonie Marshall, French actress and filmmaker Luciano Monteagudo, Argentine film critic Sylvie Pras, French responsible for cinemas at the Pompidou Centre and artistic director of the festival of La Rochelle Carlos Diegues, Brazilian film director Gloria Satta, Italian film journalist Rémy Chevrin, French cinematographer Hervé Icovic, French art director Michel Andrieu, French film director Francis Gavelle, French film critic Jean-Pierre Dardenne, Belgian filmmaker Arsinée Khanjian, Canadian actress Karim Aïnouz, Brazilian filmmaker Emmanuel Carrère, French novelist and filmmaker Yu Lik-wai, Chinese cinematographer and director The following independent juries awarded films in the frame of the International Critics' Week.
Nespresso Grand Prize Bertrand Bonello, French film director Francisco Ferreira, Portuguese film critic Akiko Kobari, Japanese film and dance critic Robert Koehler, American film critic Hanns-Georg Rodek, German film criticFrance 4 Visionary Award Céline Sciamma, French film director Victor-Emmanuel Boinem, Belgian film student and blogger Kim Seehe, South Korean student and film critic Ryan Lattanzio, American student and lead film critic at The Daily Californian Bikas Mishra, Indian founder and editor of DearCinema.comNikon Discovery Award for Short Film João Pedro Rodrigues, Portuguese film director Danny Lennon, Canadian film curator Marianne Khoury, Egyptian film director and producer Kleber Mendonça Filho, Brazilian film director and critic Jakub Felcman, Czech film curator The official selection was announced on 19 April at Grand Hôtel in Paris. Among comments after the announcement, journalists noted the unusually high number of Hollywood films in the line-up, the absence of any female director in the main competition, as well as the absence of competing first-time feature film directors.
The festival's artistic leader Thierry Frémaux responded that people should not focus only on the competition films: "The selection is an ensemble. The following films were selected; the Palme d'Or winner has been highlighted. Indicates film eligible for the Caméra d'Or as directorial debut feature; the following films were screened in the Un Certain Regard section. The Un Certain Regard Prize winner has been highlighted. Indicates film eligible for the Caméra d'Or as directorial debut feature; the following films were screened out of competition: indicates film eligible for the Caméra d'Or as directorial debut feature. The following films were screened in the Special Screenings section: indicates film eligible for the Caméra d'Or as directorial debut feature; the Cinéfondation section focuses on films made by students at film schools. The following entries were selected, out of more than 1,700 submissions from 320 different schools; the winner of the Cinéfondation First Prize has been highlighted.
Out of 4,500 submissions, the following films were selected for the short film competition. The Short film Palme d'Or winner has been highlighted; the following films were screened in the Cannes Classics section. The Hungarian "montage film" Final Cut: Ladies and Gentlemen, directed by György Pálfi, was selected as the closing film for the Cannes Classics section. Documentaries about Cinema Restored prints World Cinema Foundation The Cinéma de la Plage is a part of the Official Selection of the festival; the outdoors screenings at the beach cinema of Cannes are open to the public. The line-up for the International Critics’ Week was announced on 23 April at the section's website; the feature competition consists of directorial debuts, something the section's artistic director Charles Tesson stressed was not intentional, but only the way it turned out when the submissions had been judged by quality. The following films were selected. Feature films - The winner of the Grand Prix Nespresso has been highlighted.
Indicates film eligible for the Caméra d'Or as directorial debut feature. Short and medium length films Special Screenings The line-up for the Directors' Fortnight was announced at a press conference on 24 April; the following films were selected:Feature films - The winner of the Art Cinema Award has been highlighted. Indicates film eligible for the Caméra d'Or as directorial debut feature. Short films - The winner of the Premier Prix Illy for Short Filmmaking has been highlighted; the Palme d'Or was won by the French-language film Amour directed
Hungarian Theatre of Cluj
The Hungarian State Theatre of Cluj is a theatre in Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Performances are played in Hungarian, with simultaneous translation into Romanian or English available; the structure, built during 1909-1910 and reconstructed in 1959-1961, can seat 862 people. The building is home to the Cluj-Napoca Hungarian Opera; the Hungarian Theatre of Cluj was founded in 1792 and was the first Hungarian theatre company in Transylvania, now a part of modern-day Romania. The Hungarian Theatre of Cluj functions as a repertory theatre subsidized by the Romanian Ministry of Culture; the defining periods of the theatre were shaped by directors of international fame who are considered key figures of Hungarian and European theatre, including Gyula E. Kovács, the initiator of the Shakespeare-series, Jenő Janovics, founder of the first Hungarian film studio, György Harag, a great Maestro of the theatre in Romania. In 1990 Gábor Tompa was appointed artistic director of the Hungarian Theatre of Cluj. Under his leadership, the theatre has continued Harag's tradition of innovation, based on a repertoire that includes classic masterpieces as well as contemporary plays.
During the last 18 years the Hungarian Theatre of Cluj has aligof contemporary theatre and taken its place in the circuit of European theatres. This has been due to international co-productions and collaborations with world-renowned professionals: directors such as Vlad Mugur, Silviu Purcărete, Andrei Șerban, Mihai Măniuţiu, Victor Ioan Frunză, Mathias Langhoff, David Zinder, Dragoş Galgoţiu, Patrick Le Mauff, Elie Malka, Dominique Serrand, Michal Docekal and Robert Woodruff. Productions of the Hungarian Theatre of Cluj have received significant national and international recognition. In 1993, Eugène Ionesco's The Bald Prima Donna, directed by Gábor Tompa, won the Best Foreign Performance of the Year Award when it toured England. In 2007, Tompa's production of András Visky's Long Friday was presented at the 16th Festival of the Union of the Theatres of Europe in Turin, and in 2008, UNITER, the Union of Romanian Theatres, gave three awards to the Hungarian Theatre's production of Anton Chekhov's Uncle Vanya, directed by Andrei Şerban.
András Hatházi received the Award for Best Actor for his performance in the title role, Andrei Şerban the Award for Best Director of the Year, while the production as a whole won the award for Best Performance of the Year. This was the fifth time the Hungarian Theatre of Cluj had won the UNITER Award for Best Performance of the Year. Bus Stop in 1990, The Venetian Twins in 1998, The Cherry Orchard in 1999, Woyzeck in 2005, were all distinguished by this honor. In 2009 "Three Sisters" became the sixth performance to win the Best Performance Award and Gábor Tompa became for the fourth time the Best Director of the Year. "Victor or power to the Children" and Silviu Purcarete repeated the "double" in 2014. In 2007, on the 215th anniversary of its existence, the Hungarian Theatre of Cluj hosted the 1st INTERFERENCES International Theatre Festival, with 12 productions from 7 countries; the following April, the theatre was accepted as a full member of the Union of the Theatres of Europe and in the fall of 2008 the Hungarian Theatre of Cluj, together with the Bulandra Theatre of Bucharest, organized the 17th Festival of the Union of the Theatres of Europe.
Hungarian Theatre of Cluj official website Zoltán Ferenczi. A kolozsvári színészet és színház története. Kolozsvár: Ajtai K. Albert Magyar Polgár Könyvomdája. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list
William Shakespeare was an English poet and actor regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's greatest dramatist. He is called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon", his extant works, including collaborations, consist of 39 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more than those of any other playwright. Shakespeare was raised in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith. Sometime between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men known as the King's Men. At age 49, he appears to have retired to Stratford. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive; such theories are criticised for failing to adequately note that few records survive of most commoners of the period.
Shakespeare produced most of his known works between 1589 and 1613. His early plays were comedies and histories and are regarded as some of the best work produced in these genres; until about 1608, he wrote tragedies, among them Hamlet, King Lear, Macbeth, all considered to be among the finest works in the English language. In the last phase of his life, he collaborated with other playwrights. Many of Shakespeare's plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy in his lifetime. However, in 1623, two fellow actors and friends of Shakespeare's, John Heminges and Henry Condell, published a more definitive text known as the First Folio, a posthumous collected edition of Shakespeare's dramatic works that included all but two of his plays; the volume was prefaced with a poem by Ben Jonson, in which Jonson presciently hails Shakespeare in a now-famous quote as "not of an age, but for all time". Throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, Shakespeare's works have been continually adapted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance.
His plays remain popular and are studied and reinterpreted through various cultural and political contexts around the world. William Shakespeare was the son of John Shakespeare, an alderman and a successful glover from Snitterfield, Mary Arden, the daughter of an affluent landowning farmer, he was born in Stratford-upon-Avon and baptised there on 26 April 1564. His actual date of birth remains unknown, but is traditionally observed on 23 April, Saint George's Day; this date, which can be traced to a mistake made by an 18th-century scholar, has proved appealing to biographers because Shakespeare died on the same date in 1616. He was the third of eight children, the eldest surviving son. Although no attendance records for the period survive, most biographers agree that Shakespeare was educated at the King's New School in Stratford, a free school chartered in 1553, about a quarter-mile from his home. Grammar schools varied in quality during the Elizabethan era, but grammar school curricula were similar: the basic Latin text was standardised by royal decree, the school would have provided an intensive education in grammar based upon Latin classical authors.
At the age of 18, Shakespeare married 26-year-old Anne Hathaway. The consistory court of the Diocese of Worcester issued a marriage licence on 27 November 1582; the next day, two of Hathaway's neighbours posted bonds guaranteeing that no lawful claims impeded the marriage. The ceremony may have been arranged in some haste since the Worcester chancellor allowed the marriage banns to be read once instead of the usual three times, six months after the marriage Anne gave birth to a daughter, baptised 26 May 1583. Twins, son Hamnet and daughter Judith, followed two years and were baptised 2 February 1585. Hamnet died of unknown causes at the age of 11 and was buried 11 August 1596. After the birth of the twins, Shakespeare left few historical traces until he is mentioned as part of the London theatre scene in 1592; the exception is the appearance of his name in the "complaints bill" of a law case before the Queen's Bench court at Westminster dated Michaelmas Term 1588 and 9 October 1589. Scholars refer to the years between 1585 and 1592 as Shakespeare's "lost years".
Biographers attempting to account for this period have reported many apocryphal stories. Nicholas Rowe, Shakespeare's first biographer, recounted a Stratford legend that Shakespeare fled the town for London to escape prosecution for deer poaching in the estate of local squire Thomas Lucy. Shakespeare is supposed to have taken his revenge on Lucy by writing a scurrilous ballad about him. Another 18th-century story has Shakespeare starting his theatrical career minding the horses of theatre patrons in London. John Aubrey reported; some 20th-century scholars have suggested that Shakespeare may have been employed as a schoolmaster by Alexander Hoghton of Lancashire, a Catholic landowner who named a certain "William Shakeshafte" in his will. Little evidence substantiates such stories other than hearsay collected after his death, Shakeshafte was a common name in the Lancashire area, it is not known definitively when Shakespeare began writing, but contemporary allusions and records of performances show that several of
Andrei Codrescu is a Romanian-American poet, essayist and commentator for National Public Radio. He was the Mac Curdy Distinguished Professor of English at Louisiana State University from 1984 until his retirement in 2009. Born Andrei Perlmutter, he published his first poems in Romanian under the pen name Andrei Steiu. In 1965 he and his mother, a photographer and printer, were able to leave Romania after Israel paid US$2,000 for each to the Romanian communist regime. After some time in Italy, they moved to the United States in 1966, settled in Detroit, where he became a regular at John Sinclair’s Artists and Writers’ Workshop. A year he moved to New York, where he became part of the literary scene on the Lower East Side. There he met Allen Ginsberg, Ted Berrigan, Anne Waldman, published his first poems in English. In 1970, his poetry book, License to Carry a Gun, won the "Big Table Award", he moved to San Francisco in 1970, lived on the West Coast for seven years, four of those in Monte Rio, a Sonoma County town on the Russian River.
He lived in Baltimore, New Orleans and Baton Rouge, publishing a book every year. During this time he wrote poetry, stories and reviews for many publications, including The New York Times, the Chicago Tribune, the Los Angeles Times, Harper's, the Paris Review, he had regular columns in The Baltimore Sun, the City Paper, Funny Times, Gambit Weekly, Neon. Codrescu has been a regular commentator on National Public Radio's news program, All Things Considered, since 1983, he won the 1995 Peabody Award for the film Road Scholar, an American road saga that he wrote and starred in, is a two-time winner of the Pushcart Prize, once in 1983. In 1989, Codrescu covered the Romanian Revolution of 1989 for National Public Radio and ABC News's Nightline, his renewed interest in the Romanian language and literature led to new work written in Romanian, including “Miracle and Catastrophe”, a book-length interview conducted by the theologian Robert Lazu, “The Forgiven Submarine”, an epic poem written in collaboration with poet Ruxandra Cesereanu, which won the 2008 Romania Radio Cultural award.
His books were translated into Romanian by Ioana Avadani, Ioana Ieronim, Carmen Firan, Rodica Grigore, Lacrimioara Stoie. In 2002 he returned to Romania with a PBS Frontline World video crew to "take the temperature" of his homeland and produced the story, "My Old Haunts." In 2005 he was awarded the prestigious international Ovidius Prize, previous winners of which include Mario Vargas Llosa, Amos Oz, Orhan Pamuk. In 1981, Codrescu became a naturalized citizen of the United States, he is the editor and founder of the online journal Exquisite Corpse, a journal of “books and ideas”. He reigned as King of the Krewe du Vieux for the 2002 New Orleans Mardi Gras season, he has two children and Tristan, from his marriage to Alice Henderson. He is married to Laura Cole. Codrescu's archive and much of his personal library are now part of the Louisiana State University Libraries Special Collections, his first wife was Aurelia Munteanu, his second wife was Alice Henderson. He has two sons and Tristan Codrescu.
MacCurdy Distinguished Professor of English, Louisiana State University Peabody Award for Road Scholar Lowell Thomas Gold Award for Excellence in Travel Journalism National Endowment for the Arts Fellowships for poetry. 2007: Femeia neagră a unui culcuş de hoţi, Bucharest: Editura Vinea. 2006: New Orleans, Mon Amour: Twenty Years of Writing from the City, New York and Chapel Hill: Algonquin Books. 2006: Miracol şi catastrofă: Dialogues in Cyberspace with Robert Lazu, Timişoara, Romania: Editura Hartman. 2004: Wakefield: a novel, New York and Chapel Hill: Algonquin Books. 2003: It Was Today: New Poems Minneapolis: Coffee House Press 2002: Casanova in Bohemia, a novel New York: The Free Press 2001: An Involuntary Genius in America’s Shoes, Santa Rosa: Black Sparrow Press, Re-issue of The Life & Times of an Involuntary Genius, 1976, In America's Shoes, 1983, with new forward and coda-essay. 2000: The Devil Never Sleeps & Other Essays. New York: St. Martin's Press. Essays. 2000: Poezii alese/Selected Poetry, bi-lingual edition and Romanian Bucharest: Editura Paralela 45.
1999: A Bar in Brooklyn: Novellas & Stories, 1970-1978 Santa Rosa: Black Sparrow Press. 1999: Messiah, a novel. New York: Simon & Schuster. 1999: Hail Babylon! Looking for the American City at the End of the Millennium. New York: St. Martin's Press 1999, New York and London: Picador, 1999. Essays. 1999: Ay, Cuba! A Socio-Erotic Journey. With photographs by David Graham. New York: St. Martin's Press, New York and London: Picador. Travel/Essay. 1997: The Dog With the C
Gonzalo López-Gallego is a Spanish film director, best known for his movie Apollo 18, a 2011 sci-fi thriller and horror film starring Warren Christie, Lloyd Owen, Ryan Robbins. The King of the Mountain Apollo 18 Open Grave The Hollow Point Gonzalo López-Gallego on IMDb
Viktor Vladimirovich Yerofeyev is a Russian writer. As son of a high-ranking Soviet diplomat Vladimir Yerofeyev, he spent some of his childhood in Paris, which accounts for why much of his work has been translated from Russian into French, while comparatively little has been translated into English, his father, the interpreter for Molotov in the 1940s, wrote a book of memories. Erofeyev graduated from Moscow State University in 1970, he did post-graduate work at the Institute for World Literature in Moscow, where he completed his post-graduate work in 1973 and received his kandidat degree in 1975 for his thesis on Fyodor Dostoyevsky and French existentialism. Erofeyev's work contains pastiches of Dostoyevsky's work and themes, he became publishing works on Lev Shestov and the Marquis de Sade. He organised his own literary magazine, Metropol, in which many of the big names of Soviet literature participated, including Vasily Aksyonov, Andrei Bitov, Bella Akhmadulina, others; the magazine was put into circulation via samizdat.
As a result, Erofeyev was expelled from the Union of Soviet Writers and was banned from being published until 1988, when Mikhail Gorbachev came to power. Victor Erofeyev resides in Moscow and appears on Russian television, where he has his own program on the TV channel «Kultura». Alfred Schnittke's opera Life with an Idiot is based on his story with the same name, which he made into a libretto for the composer; the 2012 Finnish documentary movie "Russian Libertine" is centered on Victor Erofeyev and his view of the protests leading up to the 2012 Russian Presidential election. On 3 October 2013 Victor Erofeyev received the Chevalier of Legion of Honour title from the French Government. Life with an Idiot Russian Beauty In the Labyrinth of Accursed Questions The Last Judgement Five Rivers of Life Encyclopaedia of the Russian Soul Men and God X The Good Stalin Erofeyev regularly contributes his articles to The Times Literary Supplement, The New Yorker, The New York Review of Books, The International Herald Tribune.
Viktor Jerofejew, "Putins Russland hat ein Image-Problem" Q & A in The Independent with Victor Erofeyev about Russian Beauty Andrew Reynolds, "East is East...? Victor Erofeyev and the Poetics/Politics of Idiocy." Reynolds is the translator of Life with an Idiot, first published by Penguin in English in 2004. ISBN 0-14-023621-X