|Time zone||UTC+0 (WET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-1 (IST (WEST))|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (WET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-1 (IST (WEST))|
Ballydavid is a Gaeltacht village in the Ard na Caithne region of the Dingle Peninsula of County Kerry, Ireland. As the 2003 Official Languages Act revoked the status of the English language name Ballydavid, the official name is Baile na nGall; the village is near to Gallarus Castle, a 15th-century tower built by the Knight of Kerry, the holder of a hereditary knighthood belonging to the Geraldine Dynasty. It is now an Irish heritage site and stands about one kilometre from the better known and more significant Gallarus Oratory. RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta has a broadcast studio in Ballydavid; the radio tower is a transmission site for RTÉ Network Limited. The Marilyn, Ballydavid Head, has a relative height of 247 metres. List of towns and villages in Ireland
Castlegregory is a village in County Kerry, Ireland. It is situated on the north side of the Dingle Peninsula, halfway between Dingle; as of the 2016 Census, Castlegregory had a population of 250. Castlegregory was named after a castle built by Gregory Hoare in the 16th century, it is the principal village in Lettragh, the name given to the northern side of the Dingle Peninsula. The village is located at the foot of a sandy peninsula called the Maharees separating Brandon Bay to the west from Tralee Bay on the east. Off the peninsula are a number small islands, called the Seven Hoggs, or the Maharee Islands. A small fishing harbour is located at Fahamore on Scraggane Bay, about 5 km outside the village at the tip of the Maharees peninsula; the village is surrounded by the mountains of the Dingle peninsula and overlooked directly by Beenoskee and Stradbally Mountains. To the west is Brandon Mountain. Castlegregory is the name of a Roman Catholic parish which includes parts the north east area of the Dingle Peninsula, is served by two churches.
The village is a tourist destination and it is near to a number of beaches located on the Maharees peninsula. Castlegregory Golf and Fishing club, a nine-hole links golf course, is located to the west of the village on the shores of Lough Gill. On the largest of the Magharee Islands, Illauntannig are the ruins of a 7th-century monastic site founded by St Senach. On this site there are two oratories, three beehive huts, three examples of a leacht. Castlegregory Pattern Day was traditionally celebrated on 15 August, when the tradition is to eat locally-made mutton pies. In recent years it has been expanded into a three-day summer festival; the Wren's Day on the 26th of December is celebrated. The traditional straw dresses have given way to pajamas, Halloween masks, Christmas decorations, but there is still traditional Irish music to be heard. Castlegregory GAA Club was first known as Castlegregory Allen, named after William Allen, one of the Manchester Martyrs; the club took part in the first Kerry County Championship played in 1889.
For over 40 years football was played on a pitch with a 21 feet gradient from top to bottom, however a new ground was opened on 17 May 2003. Castlegregory was the terminus of a branch line of the Dingle Light Railway; the railway station opened on 1 April 1891, closed for passenger and goods traffic on 17 April 1939. It connected to the main Tralee - Dingle route at Castlegregory Junction; this main route closed to passenger traffic the same day, but was to remain open for a once-daily goods train until 1947, after which nothing but a monthly Tralee - Dingle cattle train operated until the main line's final closure in 1953. List of towns and villages in Ireland
Ardfert is a village in County Kerry, Ireland. A religious centre, the economy of the locality is driven by agriculture and its position as a dormitory town, being only 8 km from Tralee; the population of the village increased by 10% between the 2006 recorded figure of 729 and the 2011 figure of 800. The village's name signifies, according to Sir James Ware, "a wonderful place on an eminence", or as some interpret it, "the hill of miracles." Ardfert has been considered a corruption of Ard Ert, "the high place of Ert or Erc", so called after the 5th century Irish Bishop Saint Erc, who made the place a bishop's seat. Ardfert was written by the Four Masters as the height of the grave. Ardfert is a parish in the Barony of Clanmaurice, County Kerry, anciently in the territory of Ui Fearba/Hy Ferba, of which the O'Laeghain were once the Gaelic Lords, until the Normans came. Ardfert is the home of St. Brendan's Ardfert Cathedral, destroyed in the War of 1641, the birthplace of St. Brendan the Navigator, educated about the year 500 AD.
He founded a monastery there in the 6th century, but both town and monastery were destroyed by fire in 1089, again in 1151. The Norman influence can still be seen not only in the architecture, but in local families such as the Cantillons, Fitzmaurices, in place names, such as Ballintobeenig, a nearby townland below Mt. Crusline called after St. Aubin. Thomas FitzMaurice, 1st Baron Kerry founded a Franciscan friary there in 1253, Nicholas, the 2nd Lord Kerry, built a leper house there in 1312, it was the seat of a bishopric until 1660. The Crusader Knights Hospitaller of the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem had some rights in Ardfert, although there is a record of a dispute between them and the Franciscans in 1325 about the market cross and pillory, they had been established in the area in c. 1200 when Meiler FitzHenry, grandson of King Henry I of England, Justiciar of Ireland under King John, established a preceptory at Rattoo under a Fra' William from Dublin. Under the terms of a royal grant in letters patent of James I of England on 6 July 1612, the Lord of Kerry could hold courts baron and leet.
The Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland, recount how in 1601, Prince Hugh Roe O'Donnell, on his way to the Battle of Kinsale, sent some of his kinsmen troops there to reconquer Ardfert and Ballykeally for his ally FitzMaurice. En route, true to his family arms and Constantinian motto and in anticipation of the battle to come at Kinsale, he visited and venerated a relic of the True Cross on the Feast of St. Andrew, on November 30, 1601 at Holy Cross Abbey, near Thurles, County Tipperary, a rallying point for the defence of religious freedom and for Irish sovereignty. From there he sent an expedition to Ardfert, to win a quick victory and recover the territory of his ally, Lord of Kerry, who had lost it and his 9-year-old son, to Sir Charles Wilmot; the expedition captured Caislean Gearr, adjacent to the Cathedral in Ardfert. An O'Donnell from Tyrconnell remained behind in stewardship to hold it, according to "The Life of Hugh Roe O'Donnell, Prince of Tyrconnell"written by Lughaidh O'Cléirigh, circa 1603 in Gaelic.
A large tomb in the grounds of the cathedral was built much by John O'Donnell, the most prominent descendant two centuries and whose own direct male descendant was the late Patrick Denis O'Donnell, well-known Irish military historian. He owned the summit overlooking Ardfert; the family seat of John O'Donnell, at Tubrid mentioned by Lewis in his Topographical Dictionary of 1837, passed through a female line to the O'Carrolls. The house expanded by John O'Donnell in Tubridmore is now listed as an intended "Protected Structure" in the archaeological monuments section of the draft Kerry County Development Plan 2015-2021. In the early 19th century, the Earl of Listowel was Lord of the Manor and held court every three weeks in Ardfert, through an appointed Seneschal, having bought those rights from the Earl of Kerry, Fitzmaurice; the area is rich in terms of its archaeological heritage. The medieval cathedral, St. Brendan's, associated churches, Temple na Hoe and Temple na Griffin, have become a major tourist heritage attraction in the Kerry area due to their central location.
The 13th Century Franciscan Friary to the north east of the village is of equal merit, but due to its peripheral location, its contribution to the character of the village is not as obvious. It was once an integral part of Ardfert Abbey - not an abbey at all but the name of the Talbot-Crosbie mansion destroyed by fire in 1922 by the IRA. Five other structures included on the Record of Protected Structures are located in Ardfert. There are many other structures within the village which are not included in the RPS, but are considered to be of considerable architectural and heritage value, such as the Ardfert Retreat Center. Of note are the surviving estate walls which contribute to the character and identity of the village; the following structures are of particular merit and sh
Ballyferriter is a Gaeltacht village in County Kerry, Ireland. It is in the west of the Corca Dhuibhne peninsula and according to the 2002 census, about 75% of the town's population speak the Irish language on a daily basis; the village is named after the Norman-Irish Feiritéar family who settled in Ard na Caithne in the late medieval period and of whom the seventeenth-century poet and executed leader, Piaras Feiritéar, was a member. The older Irish name for the village An Buailtín is still used locally; the village lies at the base of Croaghmarhin hill near Cuan Ard na Caithne on the Dingle peninsula, on the R559 regional road which loops around the west of the peninsula and ending in Dingle Town. It has one hotel, it has a school, museum, Músaem Chorca Dhuibhne, the offices of the local co-op, Comharchumann Forbartha Chorca Dhuibhne, a Garda station. The village is busier due to an influx of Irish students throughout the summer, when both youngsters and adults attend Irish language courses in the local national school and other venues in the village.
University College Cork owns a house there that facilitates year-long study for students at a higher level. Between Ballyferriter and Smerwick Harbour is Dún an Óir, an Iron Age promontory fort, the location of the Siege of Smerwick, a massacre in 1580. A 600-strong Spanish and Italian papal invasion force which had come as part of the Second Desmond Rebellion of James Fitzmaurice Fitzgerald were besieged and massacred by the English crown forces of Arthur Grey, 14th Baron Grey de Wilton. Under a placenames order in 2004, the Minister for the Gaeltacht, Éamon Ó Cuív declared that on maps and signage the Irish name, Baile an Fheirtéaraigh, must be used
Ireland uses Irish Standard Time in the summer months and Greenwich Mean Time in the winter period. In Ireland, the Standard Time Act 1968 established that the time for general purposes in the State shall be one hour in advance of Greenwich mean time throughout the year; this act was amended by the Standard Time Act 1971, which established Greenwich Mean Time as a winter time period. Ireland therefore operates one hour behind standard time during the winter period, reverts to standard time in the summer months; this is defined in contrast to the other states in the European Union, which operate one hour ahead of standard time during the summer period, but produces the same end result. The instant of transition to and from daylight saving time is synchronised across Europe. In Ireland, winter time begins at 02:00 IST on the last Sunday in October, ends at 01:00 GMT on the last Sunday in March; the following table lists recent past and near-future starting and ending dates of Irish Standard Time or Irish Summer Time: Before 1880, the legal time at any place in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was defined as local mean time, as held by the appeal in the 1858 court case Curtis v. March.
The Statutes Act, 1880 defined Dublin Mean Time as the legal time for Ireland. This was the local mean time at Dunsink Observatory outside Dublin, was about 25 minutes 21 seconds behind Greenwich Mean Time, defined by the same act to be the legal time for Great Britain. After the Easter Rising, the time difference between Ireland and Britain was found inconvenient for telegraphic communication and the Time Act, 1916 provided that Irish time would be the same as British time, from 2:00 am Dublin Mean Time on Sunday 1 October 1916. Summer time had been introduced in May 1916 across the United Kingdom as a temporary efficiency measure for the First World War, the changeover from Dublin time to Greenwich time was simultaneous with the changeover from summer time to winter time. John Dillon opposed the first reading of the Time Bill for having been introduced without consultation of the Irish Parliamentary Party. T. M. Healy opposed the second reading on the basis that "while the Daylight Saving Bill added to the length of your daylight, this Bill adds to the length of your darkness".
After the Irish Free State became independent in 1922, subsequent developments tended to mirror those in the United Kingdom. This avoided having different times on either side of the border with Northern Ireland. Summer time was provided on a one-off basis by acts in 1923 and 1924, on an ongoing basis by the Summer Time Act, 1925; the 1925 act provided a default summer time period. Double summer time was considered but not introduced during the Emergency of World War II. From 1968 standard time was observed all year round, with no winter time change; this was an experiment in the run-up to Ireland's 1973 accession to the EEC, was undone in 1971. In those years, time in Ireland was the same as in the six EEC countries, except in the summer in Italy, which switched to Central European Summer Time. One artefact of the 1968 legislation is that "standard time" refers to summer time. From the 1980s, the dates of switch between winter and summer time have been synchronised across the European Union; the statutory instruments that have been issued under the Standard Time Acts are listed below, in format year/SI-number, linking to the Irish Statute Database text of the SI.
Except where stated, those issued up to 1967 were called "Summer Time Order <year>", while those issued from 1981 are "Winter Time Order <year>". 1926/, 1947/71, 1948/128, 1949/23, 1950/41, 1951/27, 1952/73, 1961/11, 1961/232, 1962/182, 1963/167, 1964/257, 1967/198, 1981/67, 1982/212, 1986/45, 1988/264, 1990/52, 1992/371, 1994/395, 1997/484, 2001/506 Possible adjustments to the Irish practice were discussed by the Oireachtas joint committee on Justice and Equality in November 2011, but the government stated it had no plans to change. In November 2012, Tommy Broughan introduced a private member's bill to permit a three-year trial of advancing time by one hour, to CET in winter and CEST in summer. Debate on the bill's second stage was adjourned on 5 July 2013, when Alan Shatter, the Minister for Justice and Equality, agreed to refer the matter to the joint committee for review, suggested that it consult with the British parliament and devolved assemblies. In July 2014, the joint committee issued an invitation for submissions on the bill.
On 8 February 2018, the European Parliament voted to ask the European Commission to re-evaluate the principle of Summer Time in Europe. After a web survey showing high support for not switching clocks twice annually, on 12 September 2018 the European Commission decided to propose that an end be put to seasonal clock changes In order for this to be valid, the European Union legislative procedure must be followed that the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament must both approve the proposal; the United Kingdom is due to have left the EU by and, if the UK does not follow the reform and contin
Dingle is a town in County Kerry, Ireland. The only town on the Dingle Peninsula, it sits on the Atlantic coast, about 50 kilometres southwest of Tralee and 71 kilometres northwest of Killarney. Principal industries in the town are tourism and agriculture: Dingle Mart serves the surrounding countryside. In 2016 Dingle had a population of 2,050. Dingle is situated in a Gaeltacht region. There used to be two secondary schools but they have now amalgamated to form Pobalscoil Chorca Dhuibhne. An adult Bottlenose dolphin named Fungie has been courting human contact in Dingle Bay since 1983. A large number of Ogham stones were set up in an enclosure in the 4th and 5th centuries AD at Ballintaggart. In Ireland the town was developed as a port following the Norman invasion of Ireland. By the thirteenth century, more goods were being exported through Dingle than Limerick, in 1257 an ordinance of King Henry III imposed customs on the port's exports. By the fourteenth century, importing wine was a major business.
The 1st Earl of Desmond, who held palatine powers in the area, imposed a tax on this activity around 1329. By the sixteenth century, Dingle was one of Ireland's main trading ports, exporting fish and hides and importing wines from the continent of Europe. French and Spanish fishing fleets used the town as a base. Connections with Spain were strong, in 1529 The 11th Earl of Desmond and the ambassador of Emperor Charles V signed the Treaty of Dingle. Dingle was a major embarkation port for pilgrims to travel to the shrine of Saint James at Santiago de Compostela; the parish church was rebuilt in the sixteenth century under "Spanish patronage" and dedicated to the saint. In 1569 the commerce of the town was increased when it was listed as one of fifteen towns or cities which were to have a monopoly on the import of wine; the Dingle Peninsula was the scene of much of the military activity of 1579–80. On 17 July 1579 James FitzMaurice FitzGerald brought a small fleet of ships to Dingle, he made landfall, launching the Second Desmond Rebellion, but was to die soon after in a minor skirmish with the forces of a cousin.
The fleet left the town after three days, anchoring at Dún an Óir at the western end of the peninsula, leading to the Siege of Smerwick of 1580. The residents of Dingle applied in 1569 for a "murage grant" to construct walls around the town; the grant was not forthcoming on that occasion. Following the defeat of the Desmond Rebellion, Queen Elizabeth directed that a royal charter be granted to incorporate the town as a borough, to allow for the construction of walls. Traces of these town walls can still be seen, while the street layout preserves the pattern of burgage plots. Although Elizabeth intended to grant a charter, the document was only obtained in 1607. On 2 March of that year her successor, James I, sealed the charter, although the borough and its corporation had been in existence for twenty-two years; the head of the corporation was the sovereign. In addition to the sovereign, elected annually on the Feast of St Michael, the corporation consisted of twelve burgesses; the area of jurisdiction of the corporation was all land and sea within two Irish miles of the parish church.
The borough had an admiralty jurisdiction over Dingle, Ventry and Ferriter's Creek "as far as an arrow would fly". The charter created Dingle a parliamentary borough, or constituency, electing two members to the House of Commons of the Irish Parliament. Dingle suffered in the Nine Years' War and the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, being burnt or sacked on a number of occasions; the town started to recover in the eighteenth century, due to the efforts of the Fitzgerald family, Knights of Kerry, who established themselves at "The Grove" at this time. Robert Fitzgerald imported flax seed and by 1755 a flourishing linen industry had been established, with cloth worth £60,000 produced annually; the trade collapsed following the industrial production of cotton in Great Britain, was extinct by 1837. The town fell victim to a cholera plague in 1849. Dingle is a major fishing port, the industry dates back to about 1830; the 1870s saw major development, when "nobby" fleets from the Isle of Man came in search of mackerel.
Lowestoft herring trawlers subsequently joined the fleet. The pier and maritime facilities were developed by the Congested Districts Board, the arrival of rail transport in 1891 allowed for the transport of fish throughout the country, a canning and curing industry developed. There are three primary schools in Dingle: Scoil An Ghleanna, Scoil Iognáid Rís and Bunscoil an Clochair. There are two secondary schools - Pobalscoil Chorca Dhuibhne and Coláiste Íde Boarding School. Dingle as part of the Corca Dhuibhne gaeltacht hosts Irish School for students during the Summer; the Sacred Heart University, Connecticut, USA, has an Irish studies centre in Dingle. Dingle's St. Mary's was a neo-Gothic church built to designs by O'Connell; the foundation stone was laid in 1862. It had a nave and aisles separated by arcades, supported on columns capped by octagonal tops; the arcades were demolished in one of the most radical reordering schemes to have been executed in Ireland. The project saw the demolition of the exterior walls to below the original clerestory level, most notably, of the attic and upper ranges of the west elevation.
There are many opportunities to hear traditional Irish music in the town during the summer tourist season. Dingle has a number of pubs as well as cafes. There is an aquarium, "Oceanworld Aquarium", in the town, whic
Killarney is a town in County Kerry, southwestern Ireland. The town is on the northeastern shore of Lough Leane, part of Killarney National Park, is home to St Mary's Cathedral, Ross Castle, Muckross House and Abbey, the Lakes of Killarney, MacGillycuddy's Reeks, Purple Mountain, Mangerton Mountain, the Gap of Dunloe and Torc Waterfall, its natural heritage and location on the Ring of Kerry make Killarney a popular tourist destination. Killarney won the Best Kept Town award in 2007, in a cross-border competition jointly organised by the Department of the Environment and the Northern Ireland Amenity Council. In 2011, it was named Ireland's tidiest town and the cleanest town in the country by Irish Business Against Litter. Killarney has featured prominently in early Irish history, with religious settlements playing an important part of its recorded history, its first historical settlement was the monastery on nearby Innisfallen Island founded in 640 by St. Finian the Leper, occupied for 850 years.
Innisfallen or Inishfallen is an island in Lough Leane. It is home to the ruins of Innisfallen Abbey, one of the most impressive archaeological remains dating from the early Christian period found in the Killarney National Park; the monastery was founded in 640 by St. Finian the Leper, was occupied for 850 years. Over a period of about 300 of these, the monks wrote the Annals of Innisfallen, which chronicle the early history of Ireland as it was known to the monks; the monks were dispossessed of the abbey on 18 August 1594, by Elizabeth I. The location of the monastery on the island is thought to have given rise to the name Lough Leane, which in English means "Lake of Learning". According to tradition the Irish High King Brian Boru received his education at Innisfallen under Maelsuthain O'Carroll. Maelsuthain has been credited as the possible originator of the Annals, it is possible for tourists to visit the island during the summer months, with boats leaving from Ross Castle throughout the day.
Aghadoe, the local townland which overlooks present day Killarney, may have begun as a pagan religious site. The site has been associated with the 5th century missionary St. Abban, but 7th century ogham stones mark the first clear evidence of Aghadoe being used as an important site. According to legend, St. Finian founded a monastery at Aghadoe in the 7th century; the first written record of a monastery dates from 939 AD in the Annals of Innisfallen where the Aghadoe monastery is referred to as the "Old Abbey."Following the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland in 1169, the Normans built Parkavonear Castle at Aghadoe. The castle was intended as an early warning outpost due to its views of the entire Killarney valley and lakes region. Ross Castle was built on the lake shore in the late 15th century by local ruling clan the O'Donoghues Mor. Ownership of the castle changed hands during the Desmond Rebellions of the 1580s to the Mac Carty Mor. Muckross Abbey was founded in 1448 as a Franciscan friary for the Observantine Franciscans by Donal McCarthy Mor.
The abbey was burned down by Cromwellian forces under General Ludlow in 1654, today remains a ruin. Killarney was involved in the Irish War of Independence; the town, indeed the entire county, had strong republican ties, skirmishes with the British forces happened on a regular basis. The Great Southern Hotel, was for a while taken over by the British, both as an office and barracks, to protect the neighbouring railway station. One notable event during the war was the Headford Ambush when the IRA attacked a railway train a few miles from town. However, divisions among former colleagues were quick to develop following the truce and treaty, Killarney, like many other areas, suffered in the rash of increasing atrocities during the Civil War. A day after the Ballyseedy Massacre, five Republican prisoners were murdered in Killarney by Free State forces. Killarney's tourism history goes back at least to the mid 18th century, when Thomas, fourth Viscount Kenmare, began to attract visitors and new residents to the town.
The date of 1747 was used in recent 250-year celebrations to honour the history of Killarney tourism. A visit by Queen Victoria in 1861 gave the town some international exposure. Killarney benefited from the coming of the railway in July 1853. British trade directory publisher Isaac Slater noted that there were three hotels in the town in 1846 but by 1854, one year after the coming of the railway, James Fraser named seven hotels and described their locations:the Railway Hotel opposite the Railway Station. In 1858, Irish born Victorian journalist, Samuel Carter Hall named O'Sullivan's Hotel and the Innisfallen rather than the Hibernia and Torc, but Isaac Slater named the Hibernia in 1846. At the time he was writing, tours of the Ring of Kerry were an industry and Killarney was considered the starting point of the hundred and ten mile circuitous route, he was fascinated by the horses' endurance on the two-day trip, leaves cl