Denver City, Texas
Denver City is a town located in Gaines County, but in Yoakum County in the far western portion of the U. S. state of Texas, just a short distance from the New Mexico boundary. It is named for Denver Productions; the population was 4,479 at the 2010 census. The town is located at the intersection of Texas State Highways 214 and 83. Oil and ranching remain important to Denver City; the first well was drilled by the wildcatter "Red" Davidson of Fort Worth on the ranch lands of L. P. and Ruth Bennett and her father, Dr. J. R. Smith. Oil gushed to the surface for the first time on October 10, 1935. A part of this Wasson Field, as it is known, is the site of the Yoakum County Park, donated in 1964 by Gene H. Bennett, the youngest son of the Bennetts. According to the Denver City Chamber of Commerce, Denver City is home to a functional hospital, One car dealership, One grocery store, One airport, Two hotels, Three churches, Six financial institutions. In 2008, the Denver City Independent School District presented a bond package for new and renovated facilities.
Upgrades include, Tennis Courts, Jr.. High Band Hall, Industrial Arts Facility, Sports Complex, Maintenance Center, Athletic Field House, Bus Barn. Renovations include, Jr. High Classrooms, Jr. High Science Labs, Jr. High Offices and Foyer, Jr. High Parking Lot, Main Field House, Bus Barn. On May 11, 2013, voters in both Denver City and Yoakum County, as well as Crosby County in West Texas, all under local-option prohibition laws, approved the sale of liquor. Denver City is located at 32°58′07″N 102°49′52″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, Denver City has a total area of 2.5 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, the population of Denver City is 4,479 with a total of 1,770 households, 1,578 families resided in the town; the racial makeup of the town was 70.5% White, 1.3% African American, 1% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 63.3 Hispanics or Latino, 60.1% Mexican, 0.1% Cuban, 2.5% from two or more races. Of the 4,426 households, 27.5.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.4% were not families.
22.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.27. In the town, the population was distributed as 34% ranging in age from 0 to 19, 5.8% from 20 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.2 years of age. According to a 2017 survey, the median income for a household in the town was $52,232, for a family was $67,630. Males had a median income of $65,495 versus $23,346 for females; the per capita income for the town was $21,297. About 15.8% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19% of those under age 18 and 35% of those age 65 or over. Paul Leon Gooch, former alderman and mayor of Denver City, operated Dairy Mart and Broadway Superette, native of Muskogee, member of Church of Christ, interred at Denver City Memorial Park Cemetery Bert Gravitt and Bill Gravitt, inductees of the Texas High School Football Hall of Fame, 2010 Chad W. Jones, winner of Bronze Star and ARCOM with Valor awards in Operation Iraqi Freedom Robert Edgar Self, Jr. a businessman, served as mayor of Denver City from June 1978 – April 1979.
Elected to the city council in April 1975, he became mayor upon the resignation of Dan Harris. He served on the first Denver City zoning board and worked to gain approval of the Connor and Santa Fe housing additions. Born in Brownfield in Terry County, Self was an Eagle Scout, a graduate of Brownfield High School and Texas Tech University, served in the United States Army during World War II, he was proprietor of Collins Department Store. Services were held in the Denver City Church of Christ. Interment was at Denver City Memorial Park. Woodson Wade Lindsey, Freida Lonette Lindsey: The Lindsey family was an integral part of Denver City as proprietors of Lindsey Hardware for over 50 years, until the retirement of Woodson Lindsey in 1996. Denver City Heritage Museum Denver City Park Kiddie Park Yoakum County Swimming Pool Yoakum County Park Yoakum County Golf Course BaseBall Park Across from 15th street and West Ward Kelly-Dodson Elementary Texas portal Handbook of Texas Online: Denver City, Texas KCBD TV, Lubbock
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
A referendum is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal. This may result in the adoption of a new law. In some countries, it is synonymous with a vote on a ballot question; some definitions of'plebiscite' suggest that it is a type of vote to change the constitution or government of a country. However, some other countries define it differently. For example, Australia defines'referendum' as a vote to change the constitution, and'plebiscite' as a vote that does not affect the constitution. In Ireland, the vote to adopt its constitution was called a "plebiscite", but a subsequent vote to amend the constitution is called a'referendum', so is a poll of the electorate on a non-constitutional bill; the word referendum is a general word used for both legislative referrals and initiatives.'Referendum' is the gerundive form of the Latin verb refero "to carry back". As a gerundive is an adjective, not a noun, it cannot be used alone in Latin and must be contained within a context attached to a noun such as Propositum quod referendum est populo, "A proposal which must be carried back to the people".
The addition of the verb sum to a gerundive, denotes the idea of necessity or compulsion, that which "must" be done, rather than that, "fit for" doing. Its use as a noun in English is thus not a grammatical usage of a foreign word, but is rather a freshly coined English noun, which therefore follows English grammatical usage, not Latin grammatical usage; this determines the form of the plural in English, which according to English grammar should be "referendums". The use of "referenda" as a plural form in English is thus insupportable according to the rules of both Latin and English grammar alike; the use of "referenda" as a plural form is posited hypothetically as either a gerund or a gerundive by the Oxford English Dictionary, which rules out such usage in both cases as follows: Referendums is logically preferable as a plural form meaning'ballots on one issue'. The Latin plural gerundive'referenda', meaning'things to be referred' connotes a plurality of issues, it is related to the political agenda, "those matters which must be driven forward", from ago, to drive.
The name and use of the'referendum' is thought to have originated in the Swiss canton of Graubünden as early as the 16th century. The term'plebiscite' has a similar meaning in modern usage, comes from the Latin plebiscita, which meant a decree of the Concilium Plebis, the popular assembly of the Roman Republic. Today, a referendum can often be referred to as a plebiscite, but in some countries the two terms are used differently to refer to votes with differing types of legal consequences. For example, Australia defines'referendum' as a vote to change the constitution, and'plebiscite' as a vote that does not affect the constitution. In contrast, Ireland has only held one plebiscite, the vote to adopt its constitution, every other vote has been called a referendum. Plebiscite has been used to denote a non-binding vote count such as the one held by Nazi Germany to'approve' in retrospect the so-called Anschluss with Austria, the question being not'Do you permit?' but rather'Do you approve?' of that which has most already occurred.
The term referendum covers a variety of different meanings. A referendum can be advisory. In some countries, different names are used for these two types of referendum. Referendums can be further classified by who initiates them: mandatory referendums prescribed by law, voluntary referendums initiated by the legislature or government, referendums initiated by citizens. A deliberative referendum is a referendum designed to improve the deliberative qualities of the campaign preceding the referendum vote, and/or of the act of voting itself. From a political-philosophical perspective, referendums are an expression of direct democracy. However, in the modern world, most referendums need to be understood within the context of representative democracy. Therefore, they tend to be used quite selectively, covering issues such as changes in voting systems, where elected officials may not have the legitimacy or inclination to implement such changes. Since the end of the 18th century, hundreds of national referendums have been organised in the world.
Italy ranked second with 72 national referendums: 67 popular referendums, 3 constitutional referendums, one institutional referendum and one advisory referendum. A referendum offers the electorate a choice of accepting or rejecting a proposal, but not always; some referendums give voters the choice among multiple choices and some use Transferable voting even. In Switzerland, for example, multiple choice referendums are common. Two multiple choice referendums were held in Sweden, in 1957 and in 1980, in which voters were offered three options. In 1977, a referendum held in Australia to determine a new national anthem was held in which voters had four choices. In 1992, New Zealand held a five-option referendum on their electoral system. In 1982, Guam had referendum that used six options, with an additional blank option for anyone wishing to vote for their own seventh option. A multiple choice referendum pose
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U. S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U. S. while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U. S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U. S. and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico; the "Lone Star" can be found on the Texan state seal.
The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U. S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the desert and mountains of the Big Bend; the term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state; the state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846.
A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, joined the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton and oil. Before and after the U. S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative, it was though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century.
As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, energy and electronics, biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U. S. in state export revenue since 2002, has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world; the name Texas, based on the Caddo word táyshaʼ "friend", was applied, in the spelling Tejas or Texas, by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves the Hasinai Confederacy, the final -s representing the Spanish plural. The Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was completed near the Hasinai village of Nabedaches in May 1690, in what is now Houston County, East Texas. During Spanish colonial rule, in the 18th century, the area was known as Nuevo Reino de Filipinas "New Kingdom of the Philippines", or as provincia de los Tejas "province of the Tejas" also provincia de Texas, "province of Texas", it was incorporated as provincia de Texas into the Mexican Empire in 1821, declared a republic in 1836.
The Royal Spanish Academy recognizes both spellings and Texas, as Spanish-language forms of the name of the U. S. State of Texas; the English pronunciation with /ks/ is unetymological, based in the value of the letter x in historical Spanish orthography. Alternative etymologies of the name advanced in the late 19th century connected the Spanish teja "rooftile", the plural tejas being used to designate indigenous Pueblo settlements. A 1760s map by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin shows a village named Teijas on Trinity River, close to the site of modern Crockett. Texas is the second-largest U. S. state, with an area of 268,820 square miles. Though 10% larger than France and twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Zambia. Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers; the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the south.
The Red River forms a natural border with Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with Louisiana to the east; the Texas Panhandle has an eastern border with Oklahoma at 100° W, a northern border with Oklahoma at 36°30' N and a western
The Matador Ranch is a historic cattle ranch in Motley County, Texas, on the South Plains. Established in 1882, the Matador is located some ninety miles east of Lubbock. According to its website, the current mission of the ranch is improvement of the health and productivity of its livestock and renewable natural resources. Henry Harrison "Hank" Campbell, a native of North Carolina, arrived in Texas in 1854, prior to his service in the Confederate Army and his subsequent work as a cattle drover. In 1879, with four other investors, Campbell launched what became the Matador Ranch based about Ballard Springs. Campbell's wife, the former Elizabeth Bundy, joined him in Motley County in 1880. Rather than accepting life in a dugout as was customary, Mrs. Campbell insisted on tent camping until lumber could be arranged for a two-room house, she was nurse and hostess at the postmistress at the nearby town of Matador. In the beginning, the Matador grew to encompass 40,000 head of cattle on 100,000 acres of land and another 1,500,000 acres of open range rights.
In 1882, the ranch was purchased by a syndicate from Scotland, the Matador Land and Cattle Company, Ltd. Campbell continued as the ranch superintendent until 1891; the Matador Ranch acquired the Cottonwood Mott, named for a stand of trees surrounding a nearby natural spring. Cowboys used the camp as a base from. A log cabin built at the camp by employees of the Jingle Bob Ranch, was the site of at least two gunfights. In its heyday in the early 20th century, The Matador extended from Motley into neighboring Cottle and Floyd counties. In 1902, the ranch acquired the 210,000-acre Alamositas Ranch in Oldham County west of Amarillo. Additional pastures were leased in North Dakota, South Dakota and Saskatchewan. At its peak, the Matador Ranch owned 90,000 cattle and had title to 879,000 acres of land in parts of four Texas counties. In 1913, the Quanah and Pacific Railway was built through ranch lands in Motley County, the town of Roaring Springs was established; the general manager of the ranch operated from, Fort Worth and Trinidad and Denver, Colorado.
The last of the general managers was John Mackenzie, who served from 1937 until the ranch was liquidated in 1951. The last of the on-site ranch managers was John V. Stevens, active from 1941-1951. Corporate offices were maintained in Scotland from 1882 until 1951; the ranch was purchased by Koch Industries, Inc. and a portion of the holdings became the Matador Cattle Company. The land was broken into smaller ranches. In 1891, Henry Campbell succeeded in his efforts to establish Motley County, he served two terms as the first county judge, with administrative and judicial functions. Thereafter, he retired to his own ranch on Dutchman Creek; the Matador Cattle Company was a subsidiary of Koch Industries, headed by Fred Koch. After Koch's death in 1967, his sons and David Koch, assumed management of the firm; the company presidents were Sterling Varner in 1968, Tom Carey in 1969, Wes Stanford in 1975, John Lincoln in the 1980s. According to the historian William Curry Holden, former curator of the Museum of Texas Tech University in Lubbock, The Matador is noted for its quail, small deer, cattle fattened on nutritious grass.
In 1960 and through the 1970s, the ranch conducted a program to eradicate the mesquite tree. The root systems of the mesquite absorb what water was available to grow grass. Holden found that several roundups located ten-year-old cattle that had never been branded, a situation he attributed to the toughness of the land. Cattle sometimes get lost in the Croton Breaks in adjoining Dickens County; the Matador now has 130,000 acres for cattle raising in five counties, including Crosby County and the four mentioned. Its Matador Hunting Lodge, located north and west of the former ranch headquarters, has twelve bedroom suites each named for a person central to the history of the ranch. On March 31, 2011, the West Texas Historical Association, committed to preserving the history of area ranches, conducted a tour of the Matador Ranch and the communities of Matador and Roaring Springs as part of the activities of its annual meeting in Lubbock. On April 2, 2011, The Matador received the 2010 "Outstanding Rangeland Stewardship Award" from the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association at the group's annual convention in Fort Worth.
Cowman JA Ranch Pitchfork Ranch XIT Ranch
West Texas is a loosely defined part of the U. S. state of Texas encompassing the arid and semiarid lands west of a line drawn between the cities of Wichita Falls and Del Rio. There is no consensus on the boundary between West Texas. While most Texans understand these terms, no boundaries are recognized and any two individuals are to describe the boundaries of these regions differently. Walter Prescott Webb, the American historian and geographer, suggested that the 98th meridian separates East and West Texas. C. Greene proposed. West Texas is subdivided according to distinct physiographic features; the portion of West Texas that lies west of the Pecos River is referred to as "Far West Texas" or the "Trans-Pecos", a term first introduced in 1887 by Texas geologist Robert T. Hill; the Trans-Pecos lies within the most arid portion of the state. Another part of West Texas is the Llano Estacado, a vast region of high, level plains extending into Eastern New Mexico and the Texas Panhandle. To the east of the Llano Estacado lies the “redbed country” of the Rolling Plains and to the south of the Llano Estacado lies the Edwards Plateau.
The Rolling Plains and the Edwards Plateau subregions act as transitional zones between eastern and western Texas. The counties included in the West Texas region vary depending on the organization; the Texas Counties.net website acknowledges the variations, includes 70 counties in its definition, based on the five principal metropolitan areas it contains: El Paso, Abilene, Midland/Odessa, San Angelo. The counties included are Andrews, Borden, Brown, Castro, Coke, Comanche, Crane, Crosby, Dawson, Deaf Smith, Eastland, Ector, El Paso, Floyd, Garza, Hale, Hockley, Hudspeth, Jeff Davis, Kent, King, Lamb, Lubbock, Martin, Mason, McCulloch, Midland, Motley, Parmer, Pecos, Randall, Reeves, Schleicher, Shackelford, Sterling, Sutton, Terrell, Throckmorton, Tom Green, Val Verde, Ward and Yoakum; some of the smaller West Texas cities and towns include: Alpine, Anthony, Canutillo, Crane, Fort Davis, Fort Bliss, San Elizario, Fort Stockton, Hale Center, Kermit, Levelland, Marathon, Marfa, McCamey, Monahans, Pampa, Horizon City, Rankin, Slaton, Snyder and Van Horn.
West Texas receives much less rainfall than the rest of Texas and has an arid or semiarid climate, requiring most of its scant agriculture to be dependent on irrigation. This irrigation, water taken out farther north for the needs of El Paso and Juarez, has reduced the once mighty Rio Grande to a stream in some places dry at times. Much of West Texas has rugged terrain, including many small mountain ranges while there are none in other parts of the state. Except for the Trans-Pecos region, West Texas has become well known as a stronghold for conservative politics; some of the most Republican counties in the United States are located in the region. Former U. S. President George W. Bush spent most of his childhood in West Texas; the Panhandle and several counties in or west of Midland were one of the first areas of Texas to abandon the state’s “Solid South” Democratic roots. The Rolling Plains to the east remained Democratic for longer: Walter Mondale in 1984 when losing Texas by 27.50 percentage points carried five counties in this region.
However, since 2000 this region has swung rapidly towards the Republican Party due to its population’s intransigent opposition to the liberal social policies of the Democratic Party and by 2016 has become nearly so Republican as the Panhandle. Major industries include livestock and natural gas production, textiles such as cotton, and, because of large military installations such as Fort Bliss, the defense industry. West Texas has become notable for its numerous wind turbines producing clean, alternative electricity; as of 2018, the West Texan economy is in an economic period, described as the "West Texas oil boom". West Texas does not have major league sports teams. Instead the region has college teams such as Texas Tech Red Raiders and UTEP Miners, which play in NCAA Division I, NCAA Division II teams of the West Texas A&M Buffaloes, the Texas–Permian Basin Falcons, the Lubbock Christian Chaparrals and Lady Chaps. El Paso hosts the El Paso Chihuahuas, a AAA baseball team and Midland hosts the Midland RockHounds, a Double-A baseball team.
Oddly in the heat ravaged climate of West Texas, the winter sport of ice hockey can be found in the city of Odessa through a Tier II junior ice hockey team playing out of the North American Hockey League called the Odessa Jackalopes. In 2019, The San Antonio Missions will move to continue play at the Double-A level. "West of the Pecos" has become a metaphor for the universe of westerns. "Fastest draw west of the Pecos" and similar superlatives are a cliche, the title character of Chisum observed ”There’s no law west of Dodge, no God west of the Pecos”. See West of the Pecos. Photos of West Texas West Texas Vacation Guide - Texas Outside
Crosbyton is a city in and the county seat of Crosby County, United States. The population was 1,741 at the 2010 census. Crosbyton is part of the Lubbock Metropolitan Statistical Area; the city was named for land office commissioner Stephen Crosby. Crosbyton is located northeast of the center of Crosby County at 33°39′24″N 101°14′20″W, along U. S. Route 82 about 2 miles west of Blanco Canyon at the eastern edge of the Llano Estacado. US 82 leads west 38 miles to Lubbock. According to the United States Census Bureau, Crosbyton has a total area of 2.1 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, 1,874 people, 677 households, 482 families resided in the city; the population density was 886.9 people per square mile. The 781 housing units averaged 369.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 62.49% White, 5.71% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 30.15% from other races, 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 47.65% of the population.
Of the 677 households, 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.8% were not families. About 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 17.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.26. In the city, the population was distributed as 28.8% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $24,722, for a family was $30,900. Males had a median income of $22,647 versus $18,000 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,329. About 23.7% of families and 28.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.9% of those under age 18 and 25.9% of those age 65 or over.
Former Crosby County Administrative County Judge Joseph P. Heflin represented District 85 in the Texas House of Representatives from 2007-2011. During his tenure, Heflin was the only Democrat from either West Texas or the Panhandle serving in the legislature, he was unseated in the 2010 general election by the Republican Jim Landtroop of Plainview in Hale County. In 2006, Heflin had defeated Landtroop by fewer than 225 votes; the city is served by the Crosbyton Consolidated Independent School District. Crosbyton gets about 23 inches of rain each year; as a comparison, the US average is 39 inches. Snowfall averages 7 inches compared to the US city average of 26 inches of snow; the city receives some measurable precipitation about 40 days a year. Sunny weather occurs 263 days; the Sperling comfort index for Crosbyton is 62 out of 100 (the higher score indicates a more comfortable year-round climate. Don Maynard, member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame Randy Crouch, Oklahoma Music Awards: 2004 Fiddler Of The Year, 2005 Red Dirt Hall of Fame, 2006 Steel Guitarist Of The Year.
Llano Estacado Mount Blanco Blanco Canyon White River City of Crosbyton official website