The Washington Redskins are a professional American football team based in the Washington metropolitan area. The Redskins compete in the National Football League as a member of the National Football Conference East division. The Redskins have played more than 1,000 games since 1932, the Redskins have won five NFL Championships. The franchise has captured 14 NFL divisional titles and six NFL conference championships, the Redskins were the first team in the NFL with an official marching band, and the first team to have a fight song, Hail to the Redskins. The team began play as the Boston Braves in 1932, based in Boston, before relocating to Washington, the Redskins won the 1937 and 1942 Championship games, as well as Super Bowls XVII, XXII, and XXVI. They played in, and lost, the 1936,1940,1943 and they have made 24 postseason appearances, and have an overall postseason record of 23–18. All of the Redskins league titles were attained during two 10-year spans, from 1936 to 1945, the Redskins went to the NFL Championship six times, winning two of them.
The second period lasted between 1982 and 1991 where the Redskins appeared in the seven times, captured four Conference titles. The Redskins have experienced failure in their history, the most notable period of general failure was from 1946 to 1970, during which the Redskins posted only four winning seasons and did not have a single postseason appearance. During this period, the Redskins went without a winning season during the years 1956–1968. In 1961, the franchise posted their worst regular season record with a 1–12–1 showing, since 1992, the Redskins have only won the NFC East three times, made five postseason appearances, and had nine seasons with a winning record.85 billion. They set the NFL record for attendance in 2007. The team name and logo have been the subject of controversy, with lawsuits being filed by Native American groups who consider the team name, polls conducted in the 2010s have shown a lack of major support among fans for a name change. The team originated as the Boston Braves, based in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1932, at the time the team played in Braves Field, home of the Boston Braves baseball team.
The following year the club moved to Fenway Park, home of the Boston Red Sox, to round out the change, Marshall hired William Lone Star Dietz, who was part Sioux, as the teams head coach. However, Boston wasnt much of a town at the time. The Redskins relocated to Washington, D. C. in 1937, in their early years in Washington, the Redskins shared Griffith Stadium with the Washington Senators baseball team. The Redskins played and won their first game in Washington, D. C. on September 16,1937, on December 5,1937, they earned their first division title in Washington against the Giants, 49–14, for the Eastern Championship
Wichita Falls, Texas
Wichita Falls is a city in and the county seat of Wichita County, United States. Wichita Falls is the city of the Wichita Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Archer, Clay. According to the 2010 census, the city had a population of 104,553, of interest is the Newby-McMahon Building, constructed downtown in 1919 and featured in Robert Ripleys Ripleys Believe It or Not. The Choctaw Native Americans settled the area in the early 19th century from their native Mississippi area once Americans negotiated to relocate them after the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, American settlers arrived in the 1860s to form cattle ranches. The city was officially titled Wichita Falls on September 27,1872, on that day, a sale of town lots was held at what is now the corner of Seventh and Ohio Streets – the birthplace of the city. The Fort Worth & Denver City Railway arrived in September 1882, the city grew westwards from the original FW&DC train depot which was located at the northwest corner of Seventh Street and the FW&DC.
This area is now referred to as the Depot Square Historic District, the early history of Wichita Falls well into the 20th century rests on the work of two entrepreneurs, Joseph A. Kemp and his brother-in-law, Frank Kell. Kemp and Kell were pioneers in food processing and retailing, flour milling, cattle, banking, a flood in 1886 destroyed the original falls on the Wichita River for which the city was named. After nearly 100 years of wanting to visit the nonexistent falls. The recreated falls are 54 ft high and recirculate at 3,500 gallons per minute and they are visible to south-bound traffic on Interstate 44. The city is seeking funding to rebuild and restore the downtown area. Both firms continued to use a portion of their former refineries as gasoline/oil terminal facilities for many years, a devastating tornado hit the north and northwest portions of Wichita Falls along with Sheppard Air Force Base during the afternoon of April 3,1964. As the first violent tornado on record to hit the Wichita Falls area, it left seven dead, the tornado caused roughly $15 million in property damage with about 225 homes destroyed and another 250 damaged.
It was rated as an F5, the highest rating on the Fujita scale, an F4 tornado struck the heavily populated southern sections of Wichita Falls in the late afternoon on Tuesday, April 10,1979. It was part of an outbreak that produced 30 tornadoes around the region and it left 20,000 people homeless and caused $400 million in damage, a U. S. record not topped by an individual tornado until the F5 Moore-Oklahoma City tornado of May 3,1999. Wichita Falls is about 15 miles south of the border with Oklahoma,115 mi northwest of Fort Worth, and 140 mi southwest of Oklahoma City. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 70.71 square miles. Wichita Falls experiences a subtropical climate, with some of the highest summer daily maximum temperatures in the entire U. S. outside of the Desert Southwest
Paducah is a town in Cottle County, United States. The population was 1,186 at the 2010 census, down from 1,498 at the 2000 census and it is the county seat of Cottle County. It is just south of the Texas Panhandle and east of the Llano Estacado, Paducah is located south of the center of Cottle County at 34°0′50″N 100°18′14″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has an area of 1.5 square miles. Three U. S. highways intersect in the center of town, U. S. Route 83 leads north 32 miles to Childress and south 28 miles to Guthrie, while U. S. Route 70 leads east 36 miles to Crowell and west 31 miles to Matador. U. S. Route 62 follows US83 north out of town, the town was named for Paducah, a city in western Kentucky. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,498 people,650 households, the population density was 985.0 people per square mile. There were 820 housing units at a density of 539.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 79. 57% White,11. 21% African American,7. 61% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 20. 29% of the population. 34. 0% of all households were made up of individuals and 23. 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 24. 0% under the age of 18,6. 0% from 18 to 24,20. 3% from 25 to 44,23. 0% from 45 to 64, the median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 82.2 males, for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was $23,333, males had a median income of $26,184 versus $16,131 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,778, about 15. 4% of families and 20. 4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30. 0% of those under age 18 and 17. 8% of those age 65 or over. The town is served by the Paducah Independent School District and is home to the Paducah High School Dragons, republican Drew Springer, Jr. a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Paducah and Cottle County in the Texas House of Representatives. Tom Abraham, a business and civic figure and philanthropist in Canadian, maury Bray, NFL player for the Pittsburgh Pirates William S.
Bill Heatly, a Democratic member of the Texas House of Representatives from 1955–1983, known as the Duke of Paducah. A sculpture of his bust is located on the west side of the Cottle County Courthouse, heatlys son, William H. Bill Heatly, is currently serving as District Judge for the 50th Judicial District with his home base in Paducah
2000 United States Census
This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States. Approximately 16 percent of households received a form of the 2000 census. Full documentation on the 2000 census, including forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Microdata from the 2000 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, personally identifiable information will be available in 2072. The U. S. resident population includes the number of people in the 50 states. The Bureau enumerated the residents of the U. S. territory of Puerto Rico, its population was 3,808,610, the 2000 Census was the first time survey options for multiracial Americans were provided. S. Households had access to computers, 42% have Internet access, the South and West experienced the bulk of the nations population increase,14,790,890 and 10,411,850, respectively.
This meant that the center of U. S. population moved to Phelps County. The Northeast grew by 2,785,149, the Midwest by 4,724,144, the results of the census are used to determine how many congressional districts each state is apportioned. Congress defines the formula, in accordance with Title 2 of the U. S. Code, each member of the House represents a population of about 647,000. The populations of the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico are excluded from the apportionment population because they do not have voting seats in the U. S, since the first census in 1790, the decennial count has been the basis for the United States representative form of government. Article I, Section II specifies that The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, in 1790, each member of the House represented about 34,000 residents. Since then, the House more than quadrupled in size, each member represents about 20 times as many constituents. This recommendation was followed by the Secretary of Commerce, after the census was tabulated, Utah challenged the results in two different ways.
Utah was extremely close to gaining a fourth seat, falling 857 people short. The margin was shortened to 80 people, after the government discovered that it overcounted the population of North Carolina by 2,673 residents. Utah claimed that individuals traveling abroad as religious missionaries should be counted as residents, almost half of all Mormon missionaries, more than 11,000 individuals, were from Utah, only 102 came from North Carolina
Battle of Pease River
The Battle of Pease River occurred on December 18,1860, near the present-day town of Margaret, Texas in Foard County, United States. The town is located between Crowell and Vernon within sight of the Medicine Mounds just outside present-day Quanah, Texas, a monument on that spot marks the site of the battle between a group of Comanche Indians and a detachment of Texas Rangers and militia under Ranger Captain Sul Ross. The Indian camp was attacked as retaliation against recent Comanche attacks on white settlers and this raid is primarily remembered as the place where Cynthia Ann Parker was rescued from the Comanche she had lived with for 24 years. Cynthia Ann Parker was a woman of European descent who had been kidnapped as a child by the Comanche in the Fort Parker massacre in 1836, the nine-year-old Parker had grown up among the Comanche, who called her “Nadua”. She had married war chief Peta Nocona and borne him 3 children, the Rangers and her family had never given up hope of regaining her, though it is doubtful they realized until her recapture how thoroughly she had become Comanche.
Her uncle, James Parker, had spent most of his adult life, Cynthia Anns recovery would be looked at as almost a miracle by those folks. The famous picture of her with her daughter Topsanah at her breast was carried in almost every paper in the country, Peta Nocona was one of the war chiefs present at the attack on Fort Parker, and had formed his own band of the Comanche called the Nokoni. They occupied territory along the Red River, Nocona had taken Cynthia Ann Parker as his wife a few years after she was captured by the Indians in 1836. A great tribute to his affection to her was that he never took another wife, the couple eventually had two sons, Quanah Parker and Pecos, and a daughter, Topsannah. In early 1860 Peta Nocona led the Comanches in a raid through Parker County, after the raid he returned with his band to what he believed was a safe retreat under the sandstone bluffs of Pease River near where Mule Creek flowed into the stream. The company of 60 was based at Fort Belknap, in Young County, in preparation, he began to scout the area for sign of Indian camps.
Modern research has revealed that Peta Nocona did not intend to stay at Pease River, and was preparing to move on when the attack came on his camp that December day. With an oncoming blue northern blotting out sign, Ross was able to move up to spy out the location of the Noconi on the Mule Creek head bank as it came into the Pease River. The result was that the band was taken completely by surprise and they fled precipitately right into the presence of the sergeant and his men. Here they met with a reception, and finding themselves completely encompassed, every one fled his own way. There are two distinct and very different stories about Peta Nocona’s death, the first is that he died trying to escape with his wife and infant daughter, which is the generally believed story, and the one reported by Sul Ross officially. According to this story, seeing that the camp was overrun, Chief Peta Nocona. Reportedly, mounted behind Nocona was a 15-year-old Mexican girl, while Cynthia Ann Parker carried her two-year-old child, Captain Ross and his lieutenant, Tom Killiheir, pursued the man they believed to be the legendary Peta Nocona
Vernon is a city in Wilbarger County, United States. It is the county seat, and as of the 2010 Census had a population of 11,002, the original town was called Eagle Springs by the Tonkawa Indians as early as 1858. After the American Civil War, more settlers began moving in the area, post Office rejected the name, saying too many Texas towns were already called Eagle something. The town chose the name Vernon, after George Washingtons home, an estimated seven million head of cattle passed through Vernon on the Great Western Cattle Trail between 1873 and the 1890s. The historic trail was located ninety miles west of and parallel to the better-known Chisholm Trail, Vernon is located at 34°09′04″N 99°17′26″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has an area of 8.1 square miles. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers, according to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Vernon has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated Cfa on climate maps. As of the census of 2000, there were 11,660 people,4,506 households, the population density was 1,439.2 people per square mile.
There were 5,166 housing units at a density of 637.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 76. 33% White,9. 65% African American,0. 69% Native American,0. 71% Asian,0. 02% Pacific Islander,10. 72% from other races, and 1. 89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22. 39% of the population,31. 2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16. 4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the family size was 3.07. In the city, the population was out with 26. 6% under the age of 18,10. 1% from 18 to 24,25. 2% from 25 to 44,20. 9% from 45 to 64. The median age was 36 years, for every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males, the median income for a household in the city was $28,194, and the median income for a family was $36,913. Males had an income of $25,167 versus $18,971 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,747, about 10. 2% of families and 14. 1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17. 2% of those under age 18 and 14. 6% of those age 65 or over.
In 1905, the Wichita Mill and Elevator Company and managed by the entrepreneur Frank Kell of Wichita Falls, kells business partner was W. O. Anderson
The definition of marriage varies according to different cultures, but it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity, when defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. Individuals may marry for several reasons, including legal, libidinal, financial, whom they marry may be influenced by socially determined rules of incest, prescriptive marriage rules, parental choice and individual desire. In some areas of the world, arranged marriage, child marriage, conversely, such practices may be outlawed and penalized in parts of the world out of concerns for womens rights and because of international law. These trends coincide with the human rights movement. Marriage can be recognized by a state, an organization, an authority, a tribal group. It is often viewed as a contract, Marriages can be performed in a secular civil ceremony or in a religious setting via a wedding ceremony.
The act of marriage usually creates normative or legal obligations between the individuals involved, and any offspring they may produce, some cultures allow the dissolution of marriage through divorce or annulment. In some areas, child marriages and polygamy may occur in spite of laws against the practice. For example, the number of marriages in Europe decreased by 30% from 1975 to 2005 and these changes have occurred primarily in Western countries. The word marriage derives from Middle English mariage, which first appears in 1250–1300 CE and this in turn is derived from Old French and ultimately Latin, marītāre, meaning to provide with a husband or wife and marītāri meaning to get married. The adjective marīt-us -a, -um meaning matrimonial or nuptial could be used in the form as a noun for husband. Anthropologists have proposed several competing definitions of marriage in an attempt to encompass the wide variety of marital practices observed across cultures, even within Western culture, definitions of marriage have careened from one extreme to another and everywhere in between.
The anthropological handbook Notes and Queries defined marriage as a union between a man and a such that children born to the woman are the recognized legitimate offspring of both partners. In recognition of a practice by the Nuer people of Sudan allowing women to act as a husband in certain circumstances, Kathleen Gough suggested modifying this to a woman, none of these men had legal rights to the womans child. Economic anthropologist Duran Bell has criticized the definition on the basis that some societies do not require marriage for legitimacy. He argued that a definition of marriage is circular in societies where illegitimacy has no other legal or social implications for a child other than the mother being unmarried. In 1955 article in Man, Leach argued that no one definition of marriage applied to all cultures and he offered a list of ten rights associated with marriage, including sexual monopoly and rights with respect to children, with specific rights differing across cultures
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureaus primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, in addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, and the Current Population Survey, furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government typically contain data produced by the Census Bureau. The Bureaus various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and help states, local communities, the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States. The Census Bureau now conducts a population count every 10 years in years ending with a 0. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population estimates and projections, the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations, the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, and economy.
The Census Bureaus legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code, the Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, and housing. Within the bureau, these are known as surveys and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts. The Census Bureau conducts surveys of manufacturing, service. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts, the Census Act of 1840 established a central office which became known as the Census Office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses, typically at the 10-year intervals, in 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, and in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor. The department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their role in the department.
An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every 2 years, in 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code, by law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year, the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are widely used. for data collection, the Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information, all Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment. The Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government, only after 72 years does the information collected become available to other agencies or the general public
U.S. Route 287
U. S. Route 287 is a north–south United States highway. It serves as the truck route between Fort Worth and Amarillo, and between Fort Collins and Laramie, Wyoming. The highway is broken into two segments by Yellowstone National Park, where a park road serves as a connector. The highways northern terminus is in Choteau, Montana,100 miles south of the Canadian border and its southern terminus is in Port Arthur, Texas at an intersection with State Highway 87, five miles up the Sabine River from the Gulf of Mexico. It intersects its parent route U. S. Route 87 twice, overlapping it from Amarillo, Texas to Dumas, Texas, US287 is the shortest route between Denver and Dallas-Fort Worth. U. S.287 originates at its terminus in Port Arthur. From Fort Worth, U. S.287 continues north to Wichita Falls, the highway continues through Amarillo, where it intersects I-40, and runs north to Kerrick and crosses into neighboring Oklahoma. In Oklahoma, U. S.287 remains within Cimarron County, after crossing the state line north of Kerrick, the highway intersects State Highway 171 at its southern terminus. U.
S.287 continues northwest, crossing the Beaver River, toward Boise City, the county seat. On the east side of town, the highway becomes concurrent with U. S.56, U. S.64, U. S.412 and these five highways enter the traffic circle in downtown Boise City. U. S.287 emerges from the side of the circle, as well as U. S.385. These three highways head north to the Colorado state line, OK3 ends there, while U. S.287 and U. S.385 continue onward into Colorado. From Oklahoma, U. S.287 and U. S.385 enter into a rural part of Colorado. They continue in a north/northwest direction through the state, the two highways pass through the town of Campo, and make an interchange with U. S.160 on the outskirts of Springfield. In Lamar and Carlton, the make a interchange with U. S.50. Here U. S.385 heads east on U. S.50, just outside the town the highways make a sharp turn toward the west, and the road heading north is CO196. South of Wiley, U. S.50 heads west, east of Eads, Colorado U. S.287 turns toward the west again, briefly merging with C-96.
In Eads C-96 continues toward the West, while U. S.287 turns toward the North, near Kit Carson, U. S.287 again turns toward the west and merges with U. S.40
Benjamin is a city in Knox County, United States. It is the county seat of Knox County, the population was 258 at the 2010 census. The community was founded in 1884 by Hilory G. Bedford and controlling stockholder in the Wichita and he named it Benjamin after his son who had been killed by lightning. To attract additional settlers, Bedford gave his stockholders a fifty-acre tract of land, Benjamin was designed as the Knox County seat when it was organized in 1886. A school opened in 1886 as well, a jail built in 1887 still stands as a private residence and the old bank stands next to the Sheriffs Office. Benjamin was incorporated in 1928 and the population was 485 in the 1930 census, two structures in the community, a courthouse and school building, were constructed with Works Projects Administration labor. That courthouse replaced the stone structure built in 1888. The number of inhabitants reached a high of 599 in 1940, Benjamin is situated at the junction of U. S. Highway 82 and State Highway 6 in central Knox County, approximately 90 miles north of Abilene and 85 miles southwest of Wichita Falls.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 1.0 square mile. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Benjamin has a semi-arid climate, as of the census of 2000, there were 264 people,97 households, and 64 families residing in the city. The population density was 254.5 people per square mile, there were 119 housing units at an average density of 114.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89. 77% White,3. 03% African American,1. 89% Asian,4. 92% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 11. 36% of the population. 30. 9% of all households were made up of individuals and 19. 6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.31. In the city, the population was out with 33. 3% under the age of 18,5. 3% from 18 to 24,25. 8% from 25 to 44,19. 7% from 45 to 64. The median age was 38 years, for every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males, the median income for a household in the city was $31,023, and the median income for a family was $38,125.
Males had an income of $29,750 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,138
Dick Todd (American football)
Richard S. Todd was an American football player and coach for the Washington Redskins of the National Football League. During his eight-year playing career between 1939 and 1948, Todd played both offense and defense as a fullback and defensive back, in his career, Todd had 1,573 yards and 11 touchdowns rushing, and 1,826 yards and 20 touchdowns receiving. He scored two touchdowns on punt returns, Todd was named interim coach of the Redskins for nine games in the 1951 season, amassing a 5–4 record. He played college football at Texas A&M University
1940 United States Census
The census date of record was April 1,1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved and this census introduced sampling techniques, one in 20 people were asked additional questions on the census form. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939, the 1940 census collected the following information, In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original sheets were microfilmed. As required by Title 13 of the U. S. Code, non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Also, aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, on April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration.
The records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release, several organizations are compiling indices, why the huge interest in the 1940 Census. 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder. com