Winchester is an unincorporated town and census-designated place and part of Las Vegas Township in Clark County, United States that contains part of the Las Vegas Strip. It is one of a number of CDPs in the unincorporated urbanized area directly south of Las Vegas; the population was 27,978 at the 2010 census. It is governed by the Clark County Commission with advice from the Winchester Town Advisory Board. "Winchester, NV" does not appear in postal addresses. Founded as Paradise A in April 1951, the town was renamed Winchester in 1953. Winchester sits in the east-central part of the Las Vegas Valley. To the north it borders Las Vegas, to the west and south is the CDP of Paradise, to the east is Sunrise Manor. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.3 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 26,958 people, 11,986 households, 6,052 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 6,253.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 13,535 housing units at an average density of 3,139.6 inhabitants per square mile.
The racial makeup of the CDP was 71.83% White, 7.03% African American, 0.87% Native American, 5.36% Asian, 0.44% Pacific Islander, 9.66% from other races, 4.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 29.01% of the population. There were 11,986 households out of which 20.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.3% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 49.5% were non-families. 38.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 3.01. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.7 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $32,251, the median income for a family was $39,451.
Males had a median income of $27,886 versus $22,453 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $20,615. About 11.4% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over. Winchester Town Advisory Board Homepage
102 Incheon Tower
The 102 Incheon Tower was a supertall twin tower proposed for construction in Songdo International City, South Korea. The design consists of 710 m supertall skyscrapers connected by three skybridges; the building will become the tallest twin towers in the world, surpassing the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur and one of the tallest buildings in Asia. After the late-2000s recession, the tower was postponed with the possibility of a redesign at a lower height; the height of the supertall was reduced from 613 metres to 490 metres while keeping the design the same. The Skyscraper is designed to represent Songdo City, it will include offices, residential space, a hotel. It will be a Korean landmark upon completion; the complex is located at the US$35 billion New Songdo City, which will cover over 6 km2 of land and is about 32 km from the nation's capital, Seoul. Developer Portman Holdings, run by John Portman, signed an agreement with South Korean officials to build the tower. Construction started with groundbreaking on 20 June 2008.
If completed on schedule in 2015. Construction halted in 2009. Construction resumed in 2013 with its completion is 2019, but build over 300+m in 2016; the following is a breakdown of floors of the 151 Incheon Tower: Incheon Towers on SkyscraperPage Incheon Tower 1 Incheon Tower 2 Incheon Tower complex
A skyscraper is a continuously habitable high-rise building that has over 40 floors and is taller than 150 m. The term first referred to buildings with 10 to 20 floors in the 1880s; the definition shifted with advancing construction technology during the 20th century. Skyscrapers may host both. For buildings above a height of 300 m, the term "supertall" can be used, while skyscrapers reaching beyond 600 m are classified as "megatall". One common feature of skyscrapers is having a steel framework; these curtain walls either bear on the framework below or are suspended from the framework above, rather than resting on load-bearing walls of conventional construction. Some early skyscrapers have a steel frame that enables the construction of load-bearing walls taller than of those made of reinforced concrete. Modern skyscrapers' walls are not load-bearing, most skyscrapers are characterized by large surface areas of windows made possible by steel frames and curtain walls. However, skyscrapers can have curtain walls that mimic conventional walls with a small surface area of windows.
Modern skyscrapers have a tubular structure, are designed to act like a hollow cylinder to resist wind and other lateral loads. To appear more slender, allow less wind exposure, transmit more daylight to the ground, many skyscrapers have a design with setbacks, which are sometimes structurally required; the term "skyscraper" was first applied to buildings of steel framed construction of at least 10 stories in the late 19th century, a result of public amazement at the tall buildings being built in major American cities like Chicago, New York City, Detroit, St. Louis; the first steel-frame skyscraper was the Home Insurance Building in Chicago, Illinois in 1885. Some point to Philadelphia's 10-story Jayne Building as a proto-skyscraper, or to New York's seven-floor Equitable Life Building, built in 1870, for its innovative use of a kind of skeletal frame, but such designation depends on what factors are chosen; the scholars making the argument find it to be purely academic. The structural definition of the word skyscraper was refined by architectural historians, based on engineering developments of the 1880s that had enabled construction of tall multi-story buildings.
This definition was based on the steel skeleton—as opposed to constructions of load-bearing masonry, which passed their practical limit in 1891 with Chicago's Monadnock Building. What is the chief characteristic of the tall office building? It is lofty, it must be tall. The force and power of altitude must be in it, the glory and pride of exaltation must be in it, it must be every inch a proud and soaring thing, rising in sheer exaltation that from bottom to top it is a unit without a single dissenting line. — Louis Sullivan's The Tall Office Building Artistically Considered The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat defines skyscrapers as those buildings which reach or exceed 150 m in height. Others in the United States and Europe draw the lower limit of a skyscraper at 150 m; the Emporis Standards Committee defines a high-rise building as "a multi-story structure between 35–100 meters tall, or a building of unknown height from 12–39 floors" and a skyscraper as "a multi-story building whose architectural height is at least 100 m or 330 ft."
Some structural engineers define a highrise as any vertical construction for which wind is a more significant load factor than earthquake or weight. Note that this criterion fits not only high-rises but some other tall structures, such as towers; the word skyscraper carries a connotation of pride and achievement. The skyscraper, in name and social function, is a modern expression of the age-old symbol of the world center or axis mundi: a pillar that connects earth to heaven and the four compass directions to one another; the tallest building in ancient times was the 146 m Great Pyramid of Giza in ancient Egypt, built in the 26th century BC. It was not surpassed in height for thousands of years, the 160 m Lincoln Cathedral having exceeded it in 1311–1549, before its central spire collapsed; the latter in turn was not surpassed until the 555-foot Washington Monument in 1884. However, being uninhabited, none of these structures comply with the modern definition of a skyscraper. High-rise apartments flourished in classical antiquity.
Ancient Roman insulae in imperial cities reached 10 and more stories. Beginning with Augustus, several emperors attempted to establish limits of 20–25 m for multi-story buildings, but met with only limited success. Lower floors were occupied by shops or wealthy families, the upper rented to the lower classes. Surviving Oxyrhynchus Papyri indicate that seven-story buildings existed in provincial towns such as in 3rd century AD Hermopolis in Roman Egypt; the skylines of many important medieval cities had large numbers of high-rise urban towers, built by the wealthy for defense and status. The residential Towers of 12th century Bologna numbered between 80 and 100 at a time, the tallest of, the 97.2 m high Asinelli Tower. A Florentine law of 1251 decreed that all urban buildings be reduced to less than 26 m. Medium-sized towns of the era are known to have proliferations of towers, such as the 72 up to 51 m height in San Gimignano; the medieval Egyptian city of Fustat housed many high-rise residential buildings, which Al-Muqaddasi in the 10th century described as resembling minarets.
Nasir Khusraw in the early 11th century described some of them rising up to 14 stories, with roof gardens on t
An observation deck, observation platform or viewing platform is an elevated sightseeing platform situated upon a tall architectural structure such as a skyscraper or observation tower. Observation decks are sometimes enclosed from weather, a few may include coin-operated telescopes for viewing distant features; this is a timeline of the development of world's highest observation decks since the inauguration of the Washington Monument in 1885. 2019 Wuhan Greenland Center, People's Republic of China. 610 m, Level 126 2022 Jeddah Tower, Saudi Arabia. 644 m, Level 157 See List of tallest buildings and structures in the world#World's highest observation deck Observation wheel
KLAS-TV, virtual channel 8, is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Las Vegas, United States. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group. KLAS-TV's studios are located at 3228 Channel 8 Drive near the northern portion of the Las Vegas Strip in the unincorporated community of Winchester, its transmitter is located on Mount Arden in Henderson. KLAS first signed on the air on July 8, 1953. Channel 8 was the first television station to sign on in Nevada, it has always been a CBS affiliate, but maintained a secondary affiliation with ABC, which it would share with KLRJ/KORK-TV from that station's sign on in January 1955, until KSHO-TV debuted in May 1956. Greenspun sold the station to aviation magnate Howard Hughes's Summa Corporation in 1968 because the tycoon was dismayed that the station never played his favorite late night movies. After Hughes' death in 1976, the station was held in an outside trust for another two years until 1978, when it was sold to Landmark Communications. On April 16, 1996, KLAS-TV became the first commercial television station in Nevada to carry a digital broadcast signal.
This signal was first launched during the National Association of Broadcasters annual convention that year. A little more than four years on April 6, 2000, the first scheduled high definition network broadcasts in Las Vegas began on KLAS' digital signal. On January 30, 2008, Landmark announced its intention to sell KLAS, along with its other television station WTVF in Nashville. No suitable buyer for KLAS was found until Landmark took most of its properties off the market in October 2008 due to the economic recession. KLAS and WTVF remained under Landmark ownership for more than four years. On September 4, 2012, Journal Broadcast Group announced that it would purchase WTVF for $215 million; the sale was finalized on December 6. This left KLAS-TV as the only television station in Landmark's portfolio. On November 21, 2014, Nexstar Broadcasting Group announced that it would purchase KLAS for $145 million; the sale was completed on February 13, 2015. On January 29, 2016, shortly prior to Super Bowl 50, KLAS was dropped from Cox Cable due to a retransmission consent dispute with Nexstar across nine markets.
As a contingency plan, Cox announced on February 3, 2016 that it would offer a free preview of ESPN Deportes over the Super Bowl weekend, encouraged viewers to listen to the English radio broadcast along with it. The next day, KLAS was restored. On December 3, 2018, Nexstar announced it would acquire the assets of Chicago-based Tribune Media for $6.4 billion in cash and debt. The deal—which would make Nexstar the largest television station operator by total number of stations upon its expected closure late in the third quarter of 2019—would give KLAS additional sister stations in nearby markets including Los Angeles and San Diego; the station's digital channel is multiplexed: KLAS-TV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 8, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition VHF channel 7. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 8.
Syndicated programming seen on KLAS-TV includes Jeopardy!, Wheel of Fortune, Live with Kelly and Ryan, Dr. Phil; the station clears the entire CBS network schedule, though Let's Make a Deal leads out of The Bold and the Beautiful after the noon news and into The Talk, unusual scheduling for CBS' daytime programming, allowing Dr. Phil to be led into by The Talk. KLAS-TV presently broadcasts 35½ hours of locally produced newscasts each week. Although channel 8 does not produce a Saturday edition of its morning newscast, 8 News Now: Good Day, the station does produce a newscast which airs for 3 hours weekday mornings from 4 to 7 a.m. and on Sunday mornings for an hour at 5:30 a.m. and a half-hour af 8 a.m. since channel 8 airs the Saturday edition of CBS This Morning. The evening news runs at 5 p.m. 6 p.m. and 11 p.m. and is anchored by Dave Courvoisier, Denise Valdez, Paul Joncich and Christianne Klein. Channel 8 has been the ratings leader in the Las Vegas market for most of its history. However, in recent years, KLAS' local newscasts have been losing ground in the ratings, with rivals KTNV, KVVU and KSNV having eroded ratings for KLAS' newscasts.
KLAS branded its newscasts as Eyewitness News, taking over the name from 1982 after KVBC discontinued using the branding, used it until late 2009, when its newscasts adopted the 8 News Now title. In the early 1980s, the station's newscasts were branded as Newscenter 8, used
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP is an American architectural, urban planning, engineering firm. It was formed in Chicago in 1936 by Nathaniel Owings; the firm opened their first branch in New York City in 1937, has since expanded all over the world, with regional offices in San Francisco, Los Angeles, Washington, D. C. London, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Dubai. With a portfolio spanning thousands of projects across 50 countries, SOM is one of the largest architectural firms in the world, their primary expertise is in high-end commercial buildings. They have designed several of the tallest buildings in the world, including the John Hancock Center, Willis Tower, Burj Khalifa. SOM provides services in Architecture, Building Services/MEP Engineering, Digital Design, Interior Design, Structural Engineering, Civil Engineering, Sustainable Design and Urban Design & Planning. Many of SOM's post-war designs have become icons of American modern architecture, including the Manhattan House, designated as a New York City landmark in 2007 by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission.
Although SOM was one of the first major modern American architectural firms to promote a corporate face, many famous architects and interior designers have been associated with the various national offices. Due to their faithful following of Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe's ideas, Frank Lloyd Wright nicknamed them "The Three Blind Mies". Notable SOM architects include: Edward Charles Bassett, Natalie de Blois, Gordon Bunshaft, David Childs, Robert Diamant, Myron Goldsmith, Bruce Graham, Gary Haney, Gertrude Kerbis, Fazlur Rahman Khan. Lucien Lagrange, Walter Netsch, Larry Oltmanns, Brigitte Peterhans, Adrian Smith, Marilyn Jordan Taylor The earliest amongst the many SOM engineers was John O. Merrill. Fazlur Khan, another engineer at SOM, is considered "the greatest structural engineer of the second half of the 20th century". Indeed, Khan is responsible for developing the algorithms that made the Hancock building and many subsequent skyscrapers possible. Another notable SOM engineer is Bill Baker, best known as the engineer of Burj Khalifa, the world's tallest manmade structure.
To support the tower's record heights and slim footprint, he developed the "buttressed core" structural system, consisting of a hexagonal core reinforced by three buttresses that form a Y shape. Davis Allen, a pioneer in corporate interior design, had a forty-year tenure at SOM. Throughout its history, SOM has been recognized with more than 1,700 awards for quality and innovation. More than 900 of these awards have been received since 1998. In 1996 and 1962, SOM received the Architecture Firm Award from the American Institute of Architects, which recognizes the design work of an entire firm. SOM is the only firm to have received this honor twice. In August 2009 SOM received four of 13 available R+D Awards from Architect Magazine. In addition, a collaboration between SOM and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, The Center for Architecture and Ecology, was honored with a fifth award. SOM has completed over 10,000 projects around the United States and in more than 50 other countries around the world, maintains offices in Chicago, New York City, San Francisco, Washington, D.
C. London, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Abu Dhabi. Smaller field offices supplement these in locations such as the Philippines. Burj Khalifa is the tallest man-made structure built, at 829.8 m. Construction began on September 21, 2004, the building opened on January 4, 2010; the tower's architect and engineer was Skidmore and Merrill. George J. Efstathiou was the Managing Partner for the project. Bill Baker, the Chief Structural Engineer for the project, invented the buttressed core structural system in order to enable the tower to achieve such heights economically. Adrian Smith, who worked with Skidmore and Merrill until 2006, was the Consulting Design Partner; the primary builder is a joint venture of South Korean Samsung C&T, who built the Taipei 101 and Petronas Twin Towers and Arabtec. One World Trade Center known as the Freedom Tower, is located in Manhattan, New York City, is 1,776 ft high, making it the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere. After Daniel Libeskind won the competition for master-planning, SOM was awarded the architectural design contract for the Freedom Tower, despite having withdrawn their entry in the original design competition.
The Beacon is one of the largest condominium complexes in San Francisco. It was designed by SOM; the Rockwell Center is a high-end mixed-use area in Makati City, Philippines. It is a project of Rockwell Land Corporation, in turn owned by the Lopez Holdings Corporation. Rockwell Center was first developed in 1998 and is being expanded since 2012, carried out the design under the direction of former design partner Larry Oltmanns In addition to architectural services, Skidmore and Merrill has competed in the field of large scale planning programs and is one of the most awarded urban planning and design groups in the world. An example of one importa
Altira Macau known as Crown Macau, is a resort and casino located at Taipa, China. The change of name were caused by the opening of Crown Towers Macau in June 2009 as part of the City of Dreams development, it contains 220 gaming tables, 500 gaming machines, 216 guest rooms. With 38 floors at a height of 160 meters, Altira Macau is the highest building in Taipa, it was built and is operated by Melco Crown Entertainment, a joint venture by Hong Kong-based Melco International Development Limited and Australian based Crown Limited. It opened on May 12, 2007, James Packer was present for the opening ceremony. Deluxe King Room Deluxe Twin 2 Queen Beds Premier King Room Premier Twin 2 Queen Beds Crystal Club King Crystal Club 2 Queen Beds Deluxe Suit Premier Twin The Spa At Altira Macau Fitness Centre Indoor Pool Business Centre Parking / Valet Ying Chinese Restaurant Kira Japanese Restaurant Tenmasa Japanese Restaurant Aurora Italian Restaurant Monsoon Noodle Bar The Dining Room Altra Lounge City of Dreams City of Dreams Manila Crown Casino, Melbourne Crown Las Vegas List of Macau casinos Macau gaming law Gambling in Macau Altira Macau City of Dreams Melco PBL Facebook page