Mount Davis (Pennsylvania)
Mount Davis is the highest point in Pennsylvania. Located in the 5,685-acre Forbes State Forest near the hamlet of Markleton in Elk Lick Township, Somerset County; the high point was named for John Nelson Davis, an early settler, American Civil War veteran and naturalist known for his studies of the mountain's flora and fauna. During the Civil War, Davis served in 102nd Pennsylvania Infantry; the summit of Mt. Davis may be ascended by a number of hiking trails, its surrounds are noted for their patterns of unusual circular stone formed by periglacial action. A metal observation tower with a relief map of the region stands near the true high point. Mount Davis ranks 33rd on the list of highest natural points in each U. S. state. In 1921 the USGS established; the highest peak was believed to be Bedford County's Blue Knob. On June 18, 1921 the local chamber of commerce held a ceremony to celebrate the newly named highest point in Pennsylvania. In addition to the observation tower a cabin once stood at the top of Mount Davis as seen in the photo below.
The summit is identified by the arrow in the picture. Trails in the park include: Climate on the peak is warm in the summer, cold in the winter. Like much of Pennsylvania, Mount Davis can experience heavy winds and hail in the summer, with ice storms and blizzards in the winter. Temperature extremes range from −33 to 84 °F, though frosts have been recorded in every month of the year. Summer conditions are mild and winters are characterized by a lot of snowfall. Average annual precipitation ranges from 38 to 42 inches. Mount Davis has a humid continental climate, affected by the high elevation enough that the area feels more like a cooler version of the climate zone during the winter months. Due to its high elevation, the area is colder much of the winter than Altoona, Johnstown, or State College, despite being well south of those locations. During the summer months, the area is a retreat for other Pennsylvanians with high temperatures averaging around 15 degrees cooler than Pittsburgh and eastern portions of the state.
Mount Davis recorded many impressive record lows and is quite close to the state's all-time coldest temperature. List of U. S. states by elevation Media related to Mount Davis at Wikimedia Commons
Mount Mansfield is the highest mountain in Vermont with a summit that peaks at 4,395 feet above sea level. The summit is located within the town of Underhill in Chittenden County; when viewed from the east or west, this mountain has the appearance of a human profile, with distinct forehead, lips and Adam's apple. These features are most distinct. Mount Mansfield is one of three spots in Vermont where true alpine tundra survives from the Ice Ages. A few acres exist on Camel's Hump and Mount Abraham nearby and to the south, but Mount Mansfield's summit still holds about 200 acres. In 1980, Mount Mansfield Natural Area was designated as a National Natural Landmark by the National Park Service. Located in Mount Mansfield State Forest, the mountain is used for various recreational and commercial purposes. "The Nose" is home to transmitter towers for a number of regional TV stations. There are many hiking trails, including the Long Trail. In addition, the east flank of the mountain is used by the Stowe Mountain Resort for winter skiing.
A popular tourist activity is to take the toll road from the Stowe Base Lodge to "The Nose" and hike along the ridge to "The Chin." The dominant bedrock of Mt. Mansfield is a mica-albite-quartz schist common to the Green Mountains. Layers of quartzite are found locally; the soils podzol, are stony with fine-earth fractions grading through textures of fine sandy loam and silt loam. The name comes from the dissolved town of Vermont, in which the mountain was located, it was common for settlers to name Vermont towns for their previous homes. The Town of Mansfield was platted. Although a few hardy pioneers settled in the town's few lowlands, the town was dissolved by degrees, with the portion west of the mountain being annexed to Underhill in 1839, the eastern portion to Stowe in 1848 after a vote of the citizenry; the dividing line did not run along the ridge of the mountain. The ridge which forms the "head" of the "man" is aligned north and south; the "Adam's apple" is on the north end of the ridge, the "forehead" to the south.
From north of the mountain, looking south, this ridge appears as a triangular peak. At the northeastern portion of the mountain, there are cliffs. At the base of these cliffs, there is a honeycomb network of talus caves. There are cliffs on the eastern side of the Notch Road as well; these two sets of facing cliffs are separated by 3 yards at their base. Along with other expert trails, a group of trails, known as the "Front Four", are Goat, Starr and Liftline, they have steep pitches, many natural hazards, little grooming. There are cross country ski trails around the base of the mountain and on its lower slopes; the Bruce Trail descends the east side of the mountain. In addition to Stowe Mountain resort, Skiing is available at the nearby Smugglers' Notch Resort; the climate is continental subarctic observed on maps only in high resolution, although a few meters below the summit is a warm-summer humid continental climate. Outline of Vermont Index of Vermont-related articles List of U. S. states by elevation "Mount Mansfield".
Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-12-15. "Mount Mansfield". SummitPost.org. Retrieved 2008-12-15. "Mount Mansfield Photo Group". Flickr. December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-29. "Mount Mansfield hike and trip report". Peak Fever. June 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-04
Britton Hill is the highest natural point in the state of Florida, United States, with a summit elevation of 345 feet above mean sea level. Britton Hill is the lowest state highpoint in the United States, 103 feet lower than the next lowest highpoint, Ebright Azimuth in Delaware; the hill is located in northern Walton County near the town of Lakewood, just off County Road 285 about 2 miles southeast of Florala, Alabama. A small park called Lakewood Park marks the high point and features a monument, an information board. Geography portal Florida portal Mountains portal List of Florida's highest points List of U. S. states by elevation Media related to Britton Hill at Wikimedia Commons "Britton Hill". SummitPost.org. Retrieved 2012-11-07
Borah Peak is the highest mountain in the U. S. state of Idaho and one of the most prominent peaks in the contiguous states. It is located in the central section of the Lost River Range, within the Challis National Forest in eastern Custer County; the mountain was nameless until it was discovered to be higher than Hyndman Peak regarded as the state's highest point. In February 1934, the U. S. Geological Survey named it for William Borah, the prominent senior U. S. Senator from Idaho, who had served for nearly 27 years at the time and was dean of the Senate. An outspoken isolationist, the "Lion of Idaho" ran for president two years in 1936, but did not win the Republican nomination, died in office in 1940; the 1983 Borah Peak earthquake occurred on Friday, October 28, at 8:06:09 MDT in the Lost River Range at Borah Peak in central Idaho, United States, measuring 6.9 on the moment magnitude scale. Mount Borah rose the Lost River Valley in that vicinity dropped about 8 feet; the peak was scarred on the western side, the mark is still visible.
Two children in Challis were the only fatalities of the quake, struck by falling masonry while walking to elementary school. The normal route involves ascending 5,262 vertical feet from the trailhead to the summit in just over 3.5 miles. This route on the southwest ridge, the most popular route, is a strenuous hike for the most part until one reaches a Class 4 arête just before the main summit crest; this point is known as Chickenout Ridge as many people will abort the attempt once they see the hazards up close. In the cooler seasons this crossing involves a traverse over snow, with steeply slanting slopes on either side. An ice axe, the ability to use it, is recommended for this section when icy. Borah Peak's north face is one of Idaho's only year-round snow climbs and provides a much greater challenge than the normal route; the face features a number of grade II class 5 routes on mixed terrain. Three climbers have died on Borah Peak. Two climbers ascending the northwest ridge in 1977 were killed in an avalanche.
Another climber in 1987 lost his life on a glissade during descent. List of mountains of Idaho List of U. S. states by elevation Borah Peak Detailed Guide & Trip Report from Mountainouswords.com Mount Borah Climbing Guide - photos of the normal route Borah Peak Trip Report Faulting information: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/12/11/664.abstract
Black Elk Peak
Black Elk Peak is the highest natural point in South Dakota, United States. It lies in the Black Elk Wilderness area, in southern Pennington County, in the Black Hills National Forest; the peak lies 3.7 mi west-southwest of Mount Rushmore. At 7,242 feet, it has been described by the Board on Geographical Names as the highest summit in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. Although part of the North American Cordillera the Chisos Mountains of the Big Bend of Texas are far east of the continental divide and contain mountains higher than Black Elk peak and range from 14 to 16 miles further east at 103°15′29″W, it is known as Hiŋháŋ Káǧa. The U. S. Board on Geographic Names, which has jurisdiction in federal lands changed the mountain's name from "Harney Peak" to "Black Elk Peak" on August 11, 2016, honoring Black Elk, the noted Lakota Sioux medicine man for whom the Wilderness Area is named. Professional but unofficial measurements in 2016 found the highest natural rock to be at 7,231.32 feet NAVD88 and the nearby secondary peak lower at 7,229.41 feet.
This peak was called Hiŋháŋ Káǧa, or, "Owl maker," after rock formations that look like owls. They occupied the territory at the time of European colonization, they considered it a sacred site within the Black Hills, which they call Ȟé Sápa. The mountain was named Harney Peak in 1855 by American Lieutenant Gouverneur K. Warren in honor of US General William S. Harney, his commander in a regional military expedition. In punitive retaliation for other Sioux raids, in September 1855 Harney's forces killed Brulé Sioux warriors and children in what Americans called the Battle of Blue Water Creek in Garden County, Nebraska. Harney commanded the United States military in the Black Hills area in the late 1870s; the Lakota had tried to get the name of the peak changed for 50 years, as Harney had massacred their people. In 2014 the Sioux renewed their effort to get the name changed, in an effort led by Basil Brave Heart of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. A Korean War veteran, he felt; some Lakota requested state officials in 2015 to reinstate their original name Hinhan Kaga for the peak.
The Lakota Council of the Pine Ridge Reservation and descendants of Black Elk, a noted medicine man, supported naming it for him, as the national wilderness area around the peak is named for the shaman. He became known beyond the Lakota in part through the book Black Elk Speaks, written by John G. Neihardt from long talks with the shaman. South Dakota Governor Dennis Daugaard opposed the name change, as did other state officials, no action was taken in 2015; the U. S. Board on Geographic Names changed the mountain's name from "Harney Peak" to "Black Elk Peak" on August 11, 2016, by a unanimous vote of 12–0, with one abstention. On August 18, 2016, Gov. Daugaard announced. Hinhan Kaga and the Black Hills were protected within the Great Sioux Reservation established by the United States government in the Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868. American settlement was concentrated east of the river; the first Americans believed to have reached the summit were a party led by General George Armstrong Custer in 1874, during the Black Hills expedition.
He was looking for gold. The federal government took back the Black Hills and another strip of land in a new treaty in 1877. More than a decade it broke up the Great Sioux Reservation in 1889 into five smaller reservations, the same year that North Dakota and South Dakota were admitted as states to the Union; the government made some 9 million acres of former Lakota land available for purchase for ranching and homesteading. Most American settlement in West River did not start until the early 20th century; the area attracted many European immigrants as well as migrants from the East. Black Elk Peak is the site, he became a medicine man known for his wisdom. Late in life, he returned to the peak accompanied by writer John Neihardt. Black Elk was sharing much of his life and philosophy with Neihardt through long talks translated by his son. Neihardt tried to express the medicine man's wisdom in his book Black Elk Speaks. Neihardt recorded Black Elk's words about his vision as follows: "I was standing on the highest mountain of them all, round about beneath me was the whole hoop of the world," he is quoted as saying.
"And while I stood there I saw more than I understood more than I saw. American settlers used Black Elk Peak as a fire lookout tower in 1911, with a wood crate placed at the summit for a seat. In 1920, a 12'x12' wood structure was built, it was expanded to 16'x16' the following year; the federal Civilian Conservation Corps enlisted local men and completed construction of a stone fire tower in 1938, one of numerous projects in the state during the Great Depression. The Harney Peak fire tower was last staffed in 1967. A United States post office was operated at Black Elk Peak from 1936 until 1942, again from 1945 until 1946; the Harney Peak post office was one of the "most elevated post offices in the United States". In May 2015 the South Dakota Board of Geographic Names recommended renaming Harney Peak a
Mount Mitchell is the highest peak of the Appalachian Mountains and the highest peak in mainland eastern North America. It is located near Burnsville in North Carolina, it is surrounded by the Pisgah National Forest. Mount Mitchell's elevation is 6,684 feet above sea level; the peak is the highest mountain in the United States east of the Mississippi River, the highest in all of eastern North America south of the Arctic Cordillera. The nearest higher peaks are in the Black Hills of South Dakota and the highland foothills of Colorado; the mountain's topographic isolation is calculated from the nearest discernible single higher point: Lone Butte, 1,189 miles away in southwestern Colorado. The mountain known as Black Dome for its rounded shape, was named after Elisha Mitchell, a professor at the University of North Carolina, who first explored the Black Mountain region in 1835, determined that the height of the range exceeded by several hundred feet that of Mount Washington in New Hampshire thought at the time to be the highest point east of the Rocky Mountains.
Mitchell fell to his death at nearby Mitchell Falls in 1857, having returned to verify his earlier measurements. A 4.6-mile road connects the scenic Blue Ridge Parkway to a parking lot where a steep paved 980-foot trail leads through a conifer forest to the summit. The 40-foot stone observation tower on the summit was torn down in late 2006. A new observation deck was constructed and opened to visitors in January 2009. On the summit is the tomb of Dr. Mitchell. Mount Mitchell was formed during the Precambrian when marine deposits were metamorphosed into gneiss and schist; these metasedimentary rocks were uplifted during the Alleghenian orogeny. The soils are well drained, dark brown and stony with fine-earth material ranging in texture from sandy clay loam to loam or sandy loam; the mountain's summit is coated in a dense stand of Southern Appalachian spruce-fir forest, which consists of two evergreen species— the red spruce and the Fraser fir. Most of the mature Fraser firs, were killed off by the non-native Balsam woolly adelgid in the latter half of the 20th century.
The high elevations expose plant life to high levels of pollution, including acid precipitation in the form of rain and fog. These acids damage the red spruce trees in part by releasing natural metals from the soil like aluminum, by leaching important minerals. To what extent this pollution harms the high-altitude ecosystem is debatable. While the mountain is still lush and green in the summer, many dead Fraser fir trunks can be seen due to these serious problems. Repairing the damage is a difficult issue, as the pollutants are carried in from long distances. Sources can be local or hundreds of miles or kilometers away, requiring cooperation from as far away as the Midwest. Wildflowers are abundant all summer long. Young fir and spruce trees do well in the subalpine climate, their pine cones feed the birds along with wild blueberry and blackberry shrubs; the second highest point in eastern North America, Mount Craig at 6,647 feet, is a mile to the north of Mount Mitchell. The summit area of Mount Mitchell is marked by a humid continental climate bordering close to a subalpine climate, with mild summers and long, moderately cold winters, being more similar to southeastern Canada than the southeastern U.
S.. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 25.2 °F in January to 59.1 °F in July. The coldest temperature recorded in the state occurred there on January 21, 1985 when it fell to −34 °F, during a severe cold spell that brought freezing temperatures as far south as Miami, it is the coldest average reporting station in the state at 43.8 °F, well below any other station. Unlike the lower elevations in the surrounding regions, heavy snows fall from December to March, with 50 inches accumulating in the Great Blizzard of 1993 and 66 inches in the January 2016 blizzard. Snow flurries have been reported on the summit in the summer months of June and August. Due to the high elevation, precipitation is heavy and reliable year-round, averaging 74.7 inches for the year, with no month receiving less than 5 in of average precipitation. The summit is windy, with recorded gusts of up to 178 mph. List of mountain peaks of North America List of mountain peaks of the United States List of mountains in North Carolina List of U.
S. states by elevation List of Ultras of the United States Mountains-to-Sea Trail The Assault on Mount Mitchell, bicycling endurance Mount Mitchell State Park
Mount Rogers is the highest natural point in the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States, with a summit elevation of 5,729 feet above mean sea level. The summit straddles the border of Grayson and Smyth Counties, about 6.45 miles WSW of Troutdale, Virginia. Most of the mountain is contained within the Lewis Fork Wilderness, while the entire area is part of the Mount Rogers National Recreation Area, which itself is a part of the Jefferson National Forest; the mountain is named for William Barton Rogers, a Virginian educated at the College of William & Mary, who taught at William & Mary and the University of Virginia, became Virginia's first State Geologist, went on to found the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The summit is most accessed from Grayson Highlands State Park by following the Appalachian Trail southbound for 3.5 miles to a blue-blazed trail leading to the summit, covered by trees and marked with four National Geodetic Survey triangulation station disks. One reference disk has been obscured by dense overgrowth.
Because the Appalachian Trail passes within a half mile of the summit, the area is popular with hikers. The Mount Rogers area contains a unique record of the geohistory of Virginia. There is evidence from the rocks. 750 million years ago, rift-related volcanoes erupted along the axis of what became the Appalachians, one remnant of that volcanic zone, with its volcanic rocks, still can be seen at Mount Rogers. Massive rhyolite lava flows erupted at the mountain during the Precambrian rifting event. Mount Rogers is the only place in Virginia that preserves evidence of ancient Proterozoic glaciation. Mount Rogers is the northernmost habitat of the high-altitude Southern Appalachian spruce-fir forests, which are found in only five other locations in the United States: the Great Smoky Mountains, the Black Mountains, the Great Balsam Mountains, Grandfather Mountain, Roan Mountain; this forest type is one of the few remaining habitats of the Fraser fir, only found at high elevations above 5,500 feet, in the southern Appalachian Mountains.
These forests have suffered recent declines due to infestations by the balsam woolly adelgid, a non-native insect that originated in Europe. It first infested Mount Rogers in 1962 and the entire U. S. population of Fraser firs suffered a 67% mortality rate since, although Mount Rogers was not affected as as other locations. Some researchers have proposed that air pollution in the form of nitrogen and sulfur compounds originating from power plants has been a source of stress to the Fraser firs, resulting in an increased susceptibility to the balsam woolly adelgid, but this relationship has not been confirmed. List of U. S. states by elevation Mount Rogers National Recreation Area High Knob Reddish Knob Whitetop Mountain Mount Rogers Formation Mount Rogers Cluster