World of Warcraft
World of Warcraft is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game released in 2004 by Blizzard Entertainment. It is the fourth released game set in the Warcraft fantasy universe. World of Warcraft takes place within the Warcraft world of Azeroth four years after the events at the conclusion of Blizzard's previous Warcraft release, Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne; the game was announced in 2001, was released for the 10th anniversary of the Warcraft franchise on November 23, 2004. Since launch, World of Warcraft has had seven major expansion packs released for it: The Burning Crusade, Wrath of the Lich King, Mists of Pandaria, Warlords of Draenor and Battle for Azeroth. World of Warcraft was the world's most popular MMORPG by player count of nearly 10 million in 2009; the game had a total of over a hundred million registered accounts by 2014. By 2017, the game had grossed over $9.23 billion in revenue, making it one of the highest-grossing video game franchises of all time. At BlizzCon 2017, a "classic" version of the game was announced, planned to provide a way to experience the base game before any of its expansions launched.
Blizzard announced at BlizzCon 2018 that WoW Classic will be released in the summer of 2019, will be included with the standard subscription. As with other MMORPGs, players control a character avatar within a game world in third- or first-person view, exploring the landscape, fighting various monsters, completing quests, interacting with non-player characters or other players. Similar to other MMORPGs, World of Warcraft requires the player to pay for a subscription by using a credit or debit card, using prepaid Blizzard game cards or using a WoW Token purchased in-game. Players without a subscription may use a trial account that lets the player character reach up to level 20 but has many features locked. To enter the game, the player must select a server, referred to in-game as a realm; each realm falls into one of two categories. Available realms types are: Normal – a regular type realm where the gameplay is focused on defeating monsters and completing quests, with player-versus-player fights and any roleplay are optional.
RP – which works the same way as a "Normal" realm, but focuses on players roleplaying in-character. Before the introduction of World of Warcraft's seventh expansion "Battle for Azeroth", both "Normal" and "RP" servers were each divided into two separate categories; this has since been removed after the implementation of the "War Mode" option, which allows any player on any server to determine whether they want to participate in PvP combat or not, by enabling War Mode in two of the game's capital cities. Realms are categorized by language, with in-game support in the language available. Players can make new characters on all realms within the region, it is possible to move established characters between realms for a fee. To create a new character, in keeping with the storyline of previous Warcraft games, players must choose between the opposing factions of the Alliance or the Horde. Characters from the opposing factions can perform rudimentary communication, but only members of the same faction can speak, mail and join guilds.
The player selects the new character's race, such as orcs or trolls for the Horde, or humans or dwarves for the Alliance. Players must select the class for the character, with choices such as mages and priests available. Most classes are limited to particular races; as characters become more developed, they gain various talents and skills, requiring the player to further define the abilities of that character. Characters can choose two primary professions that can focus on producing items, such as tailoring, blacksmithing or jewelcrafting or on gathering from resource nodes, such as skinning or mining. Characters can learn all four secondary skills: archeology, cooking and first aid. Characters may form and join guilds, allowing characters within the guild access to the guild's chat channel, the guild name and optionally allowing other features, including a guild tabard, guild bank, guild repairs, dues. Much of World of Warcraft play involves the completion of quests; these quests are available from NPCs.
Quests reward the player with some combination of experience points, in-game money. Quests allow characters to gain access to new skills and abilities, as well as the ability to explore new areas, it is through quests that much of the game's story is told, both through the quest's text and through scripted NPC actions. Quests are linked by a common theme, with each consecutive quest triggered by the completion of the previous, forming a quest chain. Quests involve killing a number of creatures, gathering a certain number of resources, finding a difficult to locate object, speaking to various NPCs, visiting specific locations, interacting with objects in the world, or delivering an item from one place to another to acquire experience and treasures. While a character can be played on its own, players can group with others to tackle more challenging content. Most end-game challenges are designed in a way. In this way, character classes are used in specific roles within a group. World of Warcraft uses a "rested bonus" system, increasing the rate that a character can gain experience points after the player has spent time away from the game.
When a character dies, it becomes a ghost—or wisp for Night Elf characters—at a nearby graveyard. Characters c
And Now for Something Completely Different
And Now for Something Completely Different is a 1971 British sketch comedy film based on the television comedy series Monty Python's Flying Circus featuring sketches from the show's first two series. The title was taken from a catchphrase used in the television show; the film, released on 28 September 1971 in the United Kingdom, consists of 90 minutes of sketches seen in the first two series of the television show. All of the sketches were recreated for the film without an audience, were intended for an American audience which had not yet seen the series; the announcer appears between some sketches to deliver the line "and now for something different", in situations such as being roasted on a spit and lying on top of a desk in a small pink bikini. And Now for Something Completely Different is the Pythons' first feature film, composed of some well-known sketches from the first two series of the Flying Circus, including the "Dead Parrot" sketch, "The Lumberjack Song", "Upperclass Twits", "Hell's Grannies", the "Nudge Nudge" sketch and others.
The original sketches was recreated for the film with an low budget slightly rewritten and edited. Financed by Playboy′s UK executive Victor Lownes, it was intended to help Monty Python break into the United States. Although the film was unsuccessful at achieving an American breakthrough, it did well financially in the United Kingdom, in the United States on the "Midnight Movie" circuit, after the Pythons achieved some success there, following their first exposure on US television and the release of Monty Python and the Holy Grail; the group did not consider this film a success, but it enjoys a cult following among Python fans today. The film was the idea of entrepreneur Victor Lownes, head of Playboy UK, who convinced the group that a feature film would be the ideal way to introduce them to the US market. Lownes acted as executive producer. Production of the film did not go smoothly. Lownes tried to exert more control over the group than they had been used to at the BBC. In particular, he objected so to one character—'Ken Shabby'—that his appearance was removed, although stills from both this and a further cut sketch, "Flying Sheep", were published in Monty Python's Big Red Book.
Terry Jones and Michael Palin complained that the vast majority of the film was "nothing more than jokes behind desks." Another argument with Lownes occurred. Because the names of the Pythons were shown in blocks of stone, Lownes insisted that his own name be displayed in a similar manner. Gilliam refused but he was forced to give in. Gilliam created a different style of credit for the Pythons so that in the final version of the film, Lownes' credit is the only one that appears in that way; the budget of the film was low for the time at only £80,000. This is self-referentially acknowledged in the film's Killer Cars animation. You'll notice my mouth isn't moving, either"; the film was shot on location in England and inside an abandoned dairy, rather than on a more costly soundstage. The budget was so low that some effects that were performed in the television series could not be repeated in the film; the origin of the phrase is credited to Christopher Trace, founding presenter of the children's television programme Blue Peter, who used it as a link between segments.
Many of the early episodes of Monty Python's Flying Circus feature a sensible-looking announcer dressed in a black suit and sitting behind a wooden desk, which in turn is in some ridiculous location such as behind the bars of a zoo cage or in mid-air being held aloft by small attached propellers. The announcer would turn to the audience and announce "and now for something different", launching the show's opening credits starting with the second series of the show; the phrase was used as a transition within the show. It would be added to better explain the transition, for instance, "And now for something different: a man with a tape recorder up his nose"; each playing Various characters Graham Chapman John Cleese – Announcer Terry Gilliam – Animations Eric Idle Terry Jones Michael Palin Carol Cleveland Connie Booth How Not to Be Seen: A parody of a government film which first displays the importance of not being seen devolves into various things being blown up, much to the amusement of the narrator.
The narrator composes himself, says "And now for something different," and finds himself being blown up. Animation – Main Titles: Animated by Terry Gilliam. Man with a Tape Recorder up his Nose: Immediately following the main title sequence, a screen appears announcing "The End". An emcee steps onto the stage, explains that the cinema overestimated the film length and announces an interval. In the meantime, two short films are shown – one starring a man with a tape recorder up his nose and another starring a man with a tape recorder up his brother's nose. Dirty Hungarian Phrasebook: A Hungarian gentleman enters a tobacconist's shop and reads from his phrasebook the declaration: "I will not buy this record, it is scratched". Through similar non-sequiturs, he and the proprietor manage to arrange the purchase of a packet of cigarettes, until the Hungarian's phrasebook-guided English
Neil James Innes is an English writer and musician. He collaborated with Monty Python, played in the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band and The Rutles. Innes was born in Essex, he spent much of his childhood with his parents and older brother Iain in post-war Germany during his Scottish father's military assignment as a warrant officer. He taught himself to play guitar, his parents were supportive of their sons' interests. His father showed some artistic ability as well. Innes attended Thorpe Grammar School and the Norwich School of Art; because Norwich lacked a particular art curriculum in which he was interested, he transferred to Goldsmiths, where he studied drama. At Goldsmiths he met Yvonne Catherine Hilton, whom he married on 3 March 1966, they have three sons, Miles and Barney. They have two grandchildren. Innes graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in Fine Art from Goldsmiths in 1966. During the period of 1962 to 1965, Innes and several other art school students started a band, named The Bonzo Dog Dada Band after their interest in the art movement Dada, but, soon renamed the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band.
Innes met Vivian Stanshall at the Central School of Art. Together they wrote most of the band's songs, including "I'm the Urban Spaceman", their sole hit, "Death Cab for Cutie", featured in The Beatles' film Magical Mystery Tour. Innes won an Ivor Novello Award for Best Novel Song in 1968 for "I'm the Urban Spaceman". In the late 1960s, Innes appeared with the Bonzo Dog Band on both seasons of the UK children's television series Do Not Adjust Your Set which featured some future members of the Monty Python comedy team. After the break-up of the Bonzo Dog Band, Innes joined with former Dog Band bassist Dennis Cowan, drummer Ian Wallace and guitarist Roger McKew to form The World, a band hoping for "more commercial" success with music ranging from rock to pure pop, yet still retaining some Doo-Dah flavour and some of the humour. For them, by the time their sole album Lucky Planet was released in 1970, the members had disbanded and were moving on to other projects. In 1973 Neil worked with Andy Roberts, Adrian Henri, Roger McGough, Mike McGear, Brian Patten, John Gorman, David Richards, John Megginson, Ollie Halsall and Gerry Conway in the band GRIMMS, which released its self-titled album and Rocking Duck in 1973 followed by their last album Sleepers in 1976.
In the mid-1970s, Innes became associated with the Monty Python team. Having contributed music to their albums Monty Python's Previous Record and The Monty Python Matching Tie and Handkerchief, he played a major role in performing and writing songs and sketches for their final TV series in 1974, after John Cleese left, he wrote a squib of a song called "George III" for the episode "The Golden Age of Ballooning", sung by The Flirtations, but billed onscreen as the Ronettes. He wrote the song "When Does a Dream Begin?", used in "Anything Goes: The Light Entertainment War". He co-wrote the "Most Awful Family in Britain" sketch and played a humorous stilted guitar version of the theme song, "The Liberty Bell" march, during the credits of the last episode, "Party Political Broadcast", he is one of only two non-Pythons to be credited writers for the TV series, the other being Douglas Adams. He appeared on stage with the Pythons in the UK and Canada in 1973, in London in 1974 and in New York City in 1976, performing the Bob Dylanesque "Protest Song" on the album Monty Python Live at City Center.
He was introduced as Raymond Scum. After his introduction he told the audience, "I've suffered for my music. Now it's your turn." In 1980 he travelled to the States with the Pythons again, subsequently appearing in Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl. He performed the songs "How Sweet to Be an Idiot" and "I'm the Urban Spaceman", he appeared as one of the singing "Bruces" in the Philosopher Sketch and as a Church Policeman in the "Salvation Fuzz" sketch. Innes wrote original songs for the 1975 film Monty Python and the Holy Grail, such as "Knights of the Round Table" and "Brave Sir Robin", he appeared in the film as a head-bashing monk, the serf crushed by the giant wooden rabbit, the leader of Sir Robin's minstrels. He had small roles in Terry Gilliam's Jabberwocky and Monty Python's Life of Brian, his collaborations with Monty Python and other artists were documented in the musical film The Seventh Python. After Python finished its original run on UK television, Innes joined with Python's Eric Idle on the series Rutland Weekend Television.
This was a Python-esque sketch show based in a fictional low-budget regional television station. It ran for two series in 1975–76. Songs and sketches from the series appeared on The Rutland Weekend Songbook; this show spawned The Rutles, an affectionate pastiche of The Beatles, in which Innes played the character of Ron Nasty, loosely based on John Lennon. Innes played Nasty in an American-made spin-off TV movie All; the project yielded the commercially successful soundtrack album The Rutles, released by Warner Bros.. The songs written by Innes so parodied the original source material that he was taken to court by the owners of The Beatles' catalogue. Innes had to testify under oath that he had not listened to t
Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl
Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl is a 1982 British concert comedy film directed by Terry Hughes and starring the Monty Python comedy troupe as they perform many of their sketches at the Hollywood Bowl. The film features Carol Cleveland in numerous supporting roles and Neil Innes performing songs. Present for the shows and participating as an'extra' was Python superfan Kim "Howard" Johnson; the show included filmed inserts which were taken from two Monty Python specials, Monty Python's Fliegender Zirkus, broadcast on German television in 1972. The performance was recorded on videotape during the show's four-day run starting September 26, 1980 and transferred to film. In the wake of Life of Brian's worldwide success, the Pythons planned to release a film consisting of the two German shows redubbed and re-edited, but this proved impractical, so Hollywood Bowl was released instead. Although it contains sketches from the television series, the scripts and performers are not identical to those seen on television.
The line-up includes some sketches that predated Monty Python's Flying Circus, including the "Four Yorkshiremen sketch", which dated from 1967's At Last the 1948 Show. "Sit on My Face" – A ribald parody of Gracie Fields' "Sing as We Go" from Monty Python's Contractual Obligation Album, performed by Cleese, Chapman and Jones in waiter outfits, sans trousers or underwear. "Colin'Bomber' Harris" – Chapman is his own opponent in the wrestling ring as Cleese delivers play-by-play. This is a mime piece. "Never Be Rude to an Arab" – Jones performs an ostensible anti-racism song filled with demeaning epithets and is subsequently blown up. This sketch has two parts at different points in the show. In the first part, he's dragged offstage by Kim Johnson dressed as a large frog. In the second, he's dragged off by Johnson dressed as a Christmas tree. From Monty Python's Contractual Obligation Album. "The Last Supper" – Michelangelo defends his creative first draft of The Last Supper painting against the objections of the Pope.
This sketch was written and performed by John Cleese for the first Amnesty benefit show A Poke in the Eye in 1976, with Jonathan Lynn as Michelangelo. It is based on a historical incident involving the Renaissance painter Paolo Veronese. "Silly Olympics" – In a filmed section, athletes compete in absurd sporting events of the "Silly Olympiad," an event traditionally held every 3.7 years. The events include The 100m for Runners with No Sense of Direction. On the starting gun, the runners run off in every single direction; the 1,500m for the Deaf. They don't move; the 200m Freestyle for Non-Swimmers. At the starting whistle, they all jump into the water and sink without surfacing, to which the commentator remarks that they'll return to the swimming when they start "fishing the corpses out"; the Marathon for Incontinents. In this, runners fall away from the group every couple of meters to relieve themselves, giving others the lead; this shows them all running into the men's room on the starting gun and running past a water table without any of them getting a drink.
The 3000m Steeplechase for People Who Think They're Chickens. In this, the runners are all doing chicken movements all over the course, seem to be trying to lay eggs on the hurdles; the High Jump features, with one of the Pythons Cleese, dressed as a woman. He takes a run-up jumps ridiculously high over a wall and onto a high balcony; the "Silly Olympics" sketch is from the first Monty Python's Fliegender Zirkus episode, dubbed into English. The original version featured the events "1500m for people and their mothers" and "Hammer throw to America", whereas the latter acted as a link to the next sketch. "Bruces' Philosophers Song" – The University of Woolloomooloo's Philosophy Department throws cans of Foster's Lager at the audience and perform "The Philosophers' Song", accompanied by large Gilliam cutouts, detailing the drinking habits of history's great thinkers and project lyrics for the audience and viewers to sing along to. Eric Idle, Michael Palin, Neil Innes play three Bruces. From the second season of the TV series.
"The Ministry of Silly Walks" – Palin has difficulty gaining funding for his silly walk. This contains colour footage of the same archival'silly walks' film seen in the first episode of the second Python television series. "Camp Judges" – British judges behave unconventionally outside the courtroom. From Monty Python's Flying Circus, series 2. "World Forum/Communist Quiz" – Historical socialist leaders Karl Marx, Che Guevara and Mao Tse-Tung are asked British football trivia questions in a quiz show game hosted by Idle. From Monty Python's Flying Circus, series 2. "I'm the Urban Spaceman" – Neil Innes performs the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band number as Carol Cleveland tap dances and loses timing of the song. The song was performed in Do Not Adjust Your Set. "Crunchy Frog" – Candymaker Jones answers to the police for his disgusting varieties of chocolates. From series 1. "Albatross" – Cleese, dressed as a waitress, attempts to vend a wandering albatross to audience member Jones. The sketch is stopped by the colonel for being too silly
Monty Python and the Holy Grail
Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a 1975 British independent comedy film concerning the Arthurian legend and performed by the Monty Python comedy group of Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones and Michael Palin, directed by Gilliam and Jones. It was conceived during the hiatus between the third and fourth series of their BBC television series Monty Python's Flying Circus. In contrast to the group's first film, And Now for Something Completely Different, a compilation of sketches from the first two television series, Holy Grail draws on new material, parodying the legend of King Arthur's quest for the Holy Grail. 30 years Idle used the film as the basis for the musical Spamalot. Monty Python and the Holy Grail grossed more than any British film exhibited in the US in 1975. In the US, it was selected as the second best comedy of all time in the ABC special Best in Film: The Greatest Movies of Our Time. In the UK, readers of Total Film magazine ranked it the fifth greatest comedy film of all time.
In 932 AD, King Arthur and his squire, travel throughout Britain searching for men to join the Knights of the Round Table. Arthur recruits Sir Bedevere the Wise, Sir Lancelot the Brave, Sir Galahad the Pure, Sir Robin the Not-Quite-So-Brave-as-Sir-Lancelot, Sir Not-Appearing-in-this-Film, along with their squires and Robin's troubadours. Arthur leads the men to Camelot, but sets off elsewhere; as they turn away, God gives Arthur the task of finding the Holy Grail. Arthur and his men search the land for clues to the Grail, they come to a castle occupied by French soldiers who claim to have the Grail and insult the Englishmen. Arthur and his men come up with a plan to sneak in using a Trojan Rabbit, but they mishandle its execution and are forced away. Arthur decides that the knights should go their separate ways to search for clues to the Grail's whereabouts. A modern-day historian being filmed for a documentary describing the Arthurian legends is abruptly killed by a knight on horseback, triggering a modern-day police investigation.
On the knights' travels and Bedevere attempt to satisfy the strange requests of the dreaded Knights Who Say Ni. Sir Robin avoids a fight with a Three-Headed Giant by running away. Sir Galahad is led by a grail-shaped beacon to Castle Anthrax, populated by 150 nubile young women, but to his chagrin is "rescued" by Lancelot. Lancelot, after finding a note from Swamp Castle believed to be from a lady being forced to marry against her will, rushes to the castle and kills nearly the entire wedding party, only to discover that the note was sent by an effeminate prince. Arthur and his knights regroup and are joined by three new knights as well as Brother Maynard and his monk followers, they meet Tim the Enchanter, who directs them to a cave where the location of the Grail is said to be written, but it is guarded by the deadly Rabbit of Caerbannog. After the Rabbit kills Sirs Gawain and Bors, Arthur uses the Holy Hand Grenade of Antioch, provided by Maynard, to destroy the creature. Inside, they find the inscription from Joseph of Arimathea.
After evading a giant monster, they arrive at the Bridge of Death and must answer three questions from the bridge-keeper to pass. Lancelot answers first and and passes on. Robin and Galahad fail to answer and are thrown over the bridge; when Arthur and Bedevere reach the bridge's end, they cannot find Lancelot, unaware he was arrested by the modern-day policemen investigating the historian's death. Arthur and Bedevere find the Castle of Aarrgh, they amass a large army of knights to assault the castle, when a large police force shows up, arrests Arthur and Bedevere for the historian's death, shuts down the film's production. Fifteen months before the BBC visited the set in May 1974, the Monty Python troupe assembled the first version of the screenplay; when half of the resulting material was set in the Middle Ages, half was set in the present day, the group opted to focus on the Middle Ages, revolving on the legend of the Holy Grail. By the fourth or fifth version of their screenplay, the story was complete, the cast joked the fact that the Grail was never retrieved would be "a big let-down... a great anti-climax".
Graham Chapman said. Neither Terry Gilliam nor Terry Jones had directed a film before, described it as a learning experience in which they would learn to make a film by making an entire full-length film; the cast humorously described the novice directing style as employing the level of mutual disrespect always found in Monty Python's work. The film's initial budget of £200,000 was raised by convincing 10 separate investors to contribute £20,000 apiece. Three of those investors were the rock bands Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, Genesis, who were persuaded to help fund the film by Tony Stratton-Smith, head of Charisma Records. According to Terry Gilliam, the Pythons turned to rock stars like Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin and Elton John for finance as the studios refused to fund the film and rock stars saw it as "a good tax write-off" due to UK income tax being "as high as 90%" at the time. Monty Python and the Holy Grail was shot on location in Scotland around Doune Castle, Glen Coe, the owned Castle Stalker.
The many castles seen throughout the film were either Doune Castle shot from different angles or hanging miniatu
Monty Python's Flying Circus
Monty Python’s Flying Circus is a British surreal sketch comedy series created by and starring the comedy group Monty Python. The first episode was recorded at the BBC on 7 September and premiered on 5 October 1969 on BBC1, with 45 episodes airing over four series from 1969 to 1974, plus two episodes for German TV; the series stands out for its use of absurd situations, mixed with risqué and innuendo-laden humour, sight gags and observational sketches without punchlines. Live action segments were broken up with animations by group member Terry Gilliam merging with the live action to form segues; the overall format used for the series followed and elaborated upon the style used by Spike Milligan in his ground breaking series Q5, rather than the traditional sketch show format. The six troupe members, or "Pythons", play the majority of the series characters themselves, including the majority of the female characters, with a small team of regular supporting cast members, including Carol Cleveland, Connie Booth, series producer Ian MacNaughton, Ian Davidson, musician Neil Innes, Fred Tomlinson and the Fred Tomlinson Singers.
Much of the humour in the series's various episodes and sketches targets the idiosyncrasies of British life that of professionals, as well as aspects of politics. The Monty Python troupe was educated, their comedy is pointedly intellectual, with numerous erudite references to philosophers and literary figures and their works. The team intended their humour to be impossible to categorise, succeeded so that the adjective "Pythonesque" was invented to define it and similar material; the opening titles of the series features as theme music the Band of the Grenadier Guards' rendition of John Philip Sousa's "The Liberty Bell", first published in 1893. Under the Berne Convention's "country of origin" concept, the composition was subject to United States copyright law which states that any works first published prior to 1923 was in the public domain due to copyright expiration; this enabled Gilliam to co-opt the march for the series without having to make any royalty payments. The title Monty Python's Flying Circus was the result of the group's reputation at the BBC.
Michael Mills, the BBC's Head of Comedy, wanted their name to include the word "circus" because the BBC referred to the six members wandering around the building as a circus, in particular, "Baron Von Took's Circus", after Barry Took, who had brought them to the BBC. The group added "flying" to make it sound less like an actual circus and more like something from World War I; the group was coming up with their name at a time when the 1966 Royal Guardsmen song Snoopy vs. the Red Baron had been at a peak. Freiherr Manfred von Richthofen, the World War I German flying ace known as The Red Baron, commanded the Jagdgeschwader 1 squadron of planes known as "The Flying Circus." The words "Monty Python" were added because they claimed it sounded like a bad theatrical agent, the sort of person who would have brought them together, with John Cleese suggesting "Python" as something slimy and slithery, Eric Idle suggesting "Monty". They explained that the name Monty "...made us laugh because Monty to us means Lord Montgomery, our great general of the Second World War".
The BBC had rejected some other names put forward by the group including Whither Canada?, The Nose Show, Ow! It's Colin Plint!, A Horse, a Spoon and a Basin, The Toad Elevating Moment and Owl Stretching Time. Several of these titles were used for individual episodes. Compared with many other sketch comedy shows, Flying Circus had fewer recurring characters, many of whom were involved only in titles and linking sequences. Continuity for many of these recurring characters was non-existent from sketch to sketch, with sometimes the most basic information being changed from one appearance to the next; the "It's" Man, a Robinson Crusoe-type castaway with torn clothes and a long, unkempt beard who would appear at the beginning of the programme. He is seen performing a long or dangerous task, such as falling off a tall, jagged cliff or running through a mine field a long distance towards the camera before introducing the show by just saying, "It's..." before being abruptly cut off by the opening titles and Terry Gilliam's animation sprouting the words'Monty Python’s Flying Circus'.
It's was an early candidate for the title of the series. A BBC continuity announcer in a dinner jacket, seated at a desk in incongruous locations, such as a forest or a beach, his line, "And now for something different", was used variously as a lead-in to the opening titles and a simple way to link sketches. Though Cleese is best known for it, Idle first introduced the phrase in Episode 2, where he introduced a man with three buttocks, it became the show’s catchphrase and served as the title for the troupe’s first movie. In Series 3 the line was shortened to simply: "And now..." and was combined with the "It's" man in introducing the episodes. The Gumbys, a dim-witted group of identically attired people all wearing gumboots, high-water trousers, Fair Isle tanktops, white shirts with rolled up sleeves, round wire-rimmed glasses, toothbrush moustaches and knotted handkerchiefs worn on their heads (a stereotype of the Englis
Monty Python were a British surreal comedy group who created their sketch comedy show Monty Python's Flying Circus, which first aired on the BBC in 1969. Forty-five episodes were made over four series; the Python phenomenon developed from the television series into something larger in scope and impact, including touring stage shows, numerous albums, several books, musicals. The Pythons' influence on comedy has been compared to the Beatles' influence on music, their sketch show has been referred to as "not only one of the more enduring icons of 1970s British popular culture, but an important moment in the evolution of television comedy". Broadcast by the BBC between 1969 and 1974, Monty Python's Flying Circus was conceived and performed by its members Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, Michael Palin. Loosely structured as a sketch show, but with an innovative stream-of-consciousness approach, aided by Gilliam's animation, it pushed the boundaries of what was acceptable in style and content.
A self-contained comedy team responsible for both writing and performing their work, the Pythons had creative control which allowed them to experiment with form and content, discarding rules of television comedy. Following their television work, they began making films, which include Monty Python and the Holy Grail, Life of Brian and The Meaning of Life, their influence on British comedy has been apparent for years, while in North America, it has coloured the work of cult performers from the early editions of Saturday Night Live through to more recent absurdist trends in television comedy. "Pythonesque" has entered the English lexicon as a result. In a 2005 poll of over 300 comics, comedy writers and directors throughout the English-speaking world to find "The Comedian's Comedian", three of the six Pythons members were voted to be among the top 50 greatest comedians ever: Cleese at No. 2, Idle at No. 21, Palin at No. 30. Jones and Palin met at Oxford University. Chapman and Cleese met at Cambridge University.
Idle was at Cambridge, but started a year after Chapman and Cleese. Cleese met Gilliam in New York City while on tour with the Cambridge University Footlights revue Cambridge Circus. Chapman and Idle were members of the Footlights, which at that time included the future Goodies, Jonathan Lynn. During Idle's presidency of the club, feminist writer Germaine Greer and broadcaster Clive James were members. Recordings of Footlights' revues at Pembroke College include sketches and performances by Cleese and Idle, along with tapes of Idle's performances in some of the drama society's theatrical productions, are kept in the archives of the Pembroke Players; the six Python members appeared in or wrote these shows before Flying Circus: I'm Sorry, I'll Read That Again – The Frost Report – – At Last the 1948 Show – Twice a Fortnight Do Not Adjust Your Set – + Bonzo Dog Band: musical interludes We Have Ways of Making You Laugh – How to Irritate People – The Complete and Utter History of Britain Doctor in the House The BBC’s satirical television show, The Frost Report, broadcast from March 1966 to December 1967, is credited as first uniting the British Pythons and providing an environment in which they could develop their particular styles.
Following the success of Do Not Adjust Your Set, broadcast on ITV in the UK from December 1967 to May 1969, ITV offered Gilliam, Idle and Palin their own late-night adult comedy series together. At the same time and Cleese were offered a show by the BBC, impressed by their work on The Frost Report and At Last the 1948 Show. Cleese was reluctant to do a two-man show for various reasons, including Chapman's difficult and erratic personality. Cleese had fond memories of working with Palin on How to Irritate People and invited him to join the team. With no studio available at ITV until summer 1970 for the late-night show, Palin agreed to join Cleese and Chapman, suggested the involvement of his writing partner Jones and colleague Idle—who in turn wanted Gilliam to provide animations for the projected series. Much has been made of the fact that the Monty Python troupe is the result of Cleese's desire to work with Palin and the chance circumstances that brought the other four members into the fold.
By contrast, according to John Cleese's autobiography, the origins of Monty Python lay in the admiration that writing partners Cleese and Chapman had for the new type of comedy being done on Do Not Adjust Your Set. According to their official website, the group was born from a Kashmir tandoori restaurant in Hampstead in 1969; the Pythons had a definite idea about. They were admirers of the work of Pete