Richard Stephen "Richie" Sambora is an American rock guitarist, singer and producer, best known as the lead guitarist of the rock band Bon Jovi for 30 years. Sambora and lead singer Jon Bon Jovi formed the main songwriting unit for the band, he has released three solo albums: Stranger in This Town in 1991, Undiscovered Soul in 1998, Aftermath of the Lowdown released in September 2012. In 2018, Sambora was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Bon Jovi, reunited with his former bandmates for a performance at the induction ceremony. Sambora formed the duo RSO alongside Orianthi. Having released two EP's, the pair released their debut album Radio Free America in May, 2018. Richard Stephen Sambora was born on July 11, 1959 in Perth Amboy, New Jersey, the son of Joan, a secretary, Adam C. Sambora, a factory foreman. Sambora was raised Catholic, he grew up in Woodbridge Township, New Jersey and attended Woodbridge High School there, graduating in 1977. He played basketball in high school, where as a sophomore, his Woodbridge High team won the 1975 Group 4 State title.
Sambora's first instrument was the accordion which he began to play at the age of 6. He began playing the guitar at the age of 12 following the death of Jimi Hendrix in 1970. From his early days, Sambora was influenced by blues and 1960s rock and roll, his most important influences were The Beatles, Eric Clapton, Jimi Hendrix, Jeff Beck, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Johnny Winter, Jimmy Page, Joe Perry, Joe Kmiecik, George Harrison, B. B. King, he was influenced by Spanish classical music and began a lifelong love of the Spanish guitar. Furthermore, he had stated that psychedelic soul singer Janis Joplin had a big influence on his musical style during her career in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Classical music directly inspired several of his songs, such as The Answer, written on piano. Sambora plays many other instruments, such as drums, saxophone, piano etc; the first time he performed on stage was at a Catholic Youth Organization dance when he was a teenager. Sambora was a guitarist for the band "Message", with that band put out an independent record titled "Lessons", copywriter in 1982 and produced and arranged by Dean Fasano and Rich Samboro in Woodbridge, New Jersey.
It was re-released in 1995 under the name Message, in 2000 as Lessons. He was in a band, signed to Led Zeppelin-owned record label Swan Song Records, Duke Williams & the Extremes, who were signed to Capricorn Records. Sambora was in an improvisational club band called Richie Sambora & Friends, he was part-owner of a club in New Jersey, at age 19 owned his own independent label Dream Disc Records. Sambora's first professional tour was as an opening act for Joe Cocker in the early 1980s. Shortly before joining Bon Jovi in 1983, Sambora unsuccessfully auditioned for Kiss, to be Ace Frehley's replacement. Bon Jovi added Sambora to replace original lead guitarist Dave Sabo. Sambora had attended a live show of Bon Jovi, after being impressed, approached Jon Bon Jovi and told him that he thought they should work together, they hit it off as friends, Sambora was invited to a rehearsal. By the time Jon arrived, the band was sounding better than and Sambora was hired on the spot. Sambora left the band prior to a concert in Calgary during 2013’s Because We Can Tour, since has only played with Bon Jovi at their Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction in 2018.
In 2016, Sambora stated his reason for leaving the band was in order to give his family more of his attention. "I needed to take some time to be with my daughter," he stated "She needed me and I needed her, actually."Sambora released a solo EP with Orianthi, performed alongside with the RSO band member and his girlfriend on April 7, 2018. Sambora's first solo album was 1991's Stranger in This Town, a blues-influenced album that charted at #36 on the Billboard 200 and #20 on the UK Albums Chart; the lead single, "Ballad Of Youth", reached a high of #63 on the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 and #59 in the UK. "One Light Burning" was released as the second single and the album titled track, "Stranger In This Town" as the third which charted at #38 on the Mainstream rock charts. Eric Clapton played the lead guitar on the promo single Mr Bluesman, backed by Sambora on acoustic guitars. Sambora did a short US tour in support of the album, featuring Tony Levin, Dave Amato, Crystal Taliefero and Bon Jovi bandmates Tico Torres and David Bryan.
The track "Rosie" was co-written by Jon Bon Jovi and was intended for the fourth Bon Jovi album New Jersey. It was released as a promo single in Japan. "Ballad of Youth" was released in the UK in summer 1991 and despite plugs from The Friday Rock Show on BBC Radio 1 the song skimmed the top 75. Undiscovered Soul was Sambora's second solo album, released in 1998; the album was produced by Don Was. The album charted at # 174 on # 24 on the UK Albums Chart; the lead single "Hard Times Come Easy" charted at #39 on the Mainstream rock chart and #37 in the UK, the second single "In It For Love" charted at #58 on the UK Singles Chart. The title track "Undiscovered Soul" and "Made in America" were released as singles. In support of Undiscovered Soul, Sambora toured Japan and Europe in the summer of 1998; the band featured Richie Supa, Ron Wikso, Kasim Sulton, Tommy Mandel, Everett Bradley, Gioia Bruno and Crystal Taliefero. In 2001, Sambora had a single for a movie soundtrack On The Line, titled "Take Me On".
For Ludwigshafen am Bodensee, see Bodman-Ludwigshafen. Ludwigshafen am Rhein is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, on the river Rhine, opposite Mannheim. With Mannheim and the surrounding region, it forms the Rhine Neckar Area. Known as an industrial city, Ludwigshafen is the home of chemical giant BASF and other companies. Among its cultural facilities are the Staatsphilharmonie Rheinland-Pfalz, it is the philosopher Ernst Bloch. The city is a global city with'sufficiency' status. In antiquity and Germanic tribes settled in the Rhine Neckar area. During the 1st century B. C. the Romans conquered the region, a Roman auxiliary fort was constructed near the present suburb of Rheingönheim. The Middle Ages saw the foundation of some of Ludwigshafen's future suburbs, including Oggersheim, Maudach and Mundenheim. Most of the area, remained swampland, with its development hindered by seasonal flooding of the Rhine; the Rhine Neckar region was part of the territory of the Prince-elector of the Kurpfalz, or Electorate of the Palatinate, one of the larger states within the Holy Roman Empire.
The foundation of the new capital of the Kurpfalz, was a decisive influence on the development of the area as a whole. Parallel to the foundation of Mannheim in 1606, a fortress was built by Frederick IV, Elector Palatine on the other side of the Rhine to protect the City of Mannheim, thus forming the nucleus of the City of Ludwigshafen itself. In the 17th century the region was devastated and depopulated during the Thirty Years' War, in King Louis XIV of France’s wars of conquest in the part of the century, it was only in the 18th century that the settlements around the Rheinschanze began to prosper, profiting from the proximity of the capital Mannheim. Oggersheim in particular gained some importance, after the construction of both a small palace serving as secondary residence for the Elector, the famous pilgrimage church, Wallfahrtskirche. For some weeks in 1782, the great German writer and playwright Friedrich Schiller lived in Oggersheim, on flight from his native Württemberg). War returned to the Ludwigshafen area with the armies of the French Revolution.
The palace at Oggersheim was burned down, Mannheim besieged several times, all the area west of the Rhine annexed by France from 1798 to 1813. The Electorate of the Palatinate was split up; the eastern bank of the Rhine with Mannheim and Heidelberg was given to Baden, while the western bank was granted to Bavaria, following the Wars of Liberation, in which the French were expelled. The Rhine had become a frontier and the Rheinschanze, cut off politically from Mannheim, lost its function as the neighbouring city's military bulwark. In 1808, during the French occupation, Carl Hornig of Mannheim purchased the fortress from the French authorities and turned it into a way station for passing river traffic; the Rheinschanze with its winter-proof harbour basin was used as trading post. Hornig died in 1819, but Johann Heinrich Scharpff, a businessman from Speyer, continued Hornig's plans, which were turned over to his son-in-law, Philipp Markus Lichtenberger, in 1830, their activities marked the beginning of the civilian use of the Rheinschanze.
The year 1844 was the official birth of Ludwigshafen, when Lichtenberger sold this property to the state of Bavaria, the military title of the fortress was removed. The Bavarian king, Ludwig I, set forth plans to rename the settlement after himself and to start construction of an urban area as a Bavarian rival to Mannheim on the opposite bank. During the failed German revolution of 1848 rebels captured Ludwigshafen, but they were bombarded from Mannheim, Prussian troops expelled the revolutionaries. On December 27, 1852, King Maximilian II granted Ludwigshafen am Rhein political freedom and as on November 8, 1859, the settlement gained city status. At its founding Ludwigshafen was still a modest settlement with just 1,500 inhabitants. Real growth began with industrialization, gained enormous momentum in Ludwigshafen due to its ideal transport facilities. In addition to its excellent position and harbor facilities on the Rhine, a railway connecting Ludwigshafen with the Saar coalfields was completed in 1849.
The year 1865 was an important date in the history of independent Ludwigshafen. After several discussions, BASF decided to move its factories from Mannheim to the Hemshof district, which belonged to Ludwigshafen. From on, the city's rapid growth and wealth were linked to BASF's success and its expansion into becoming one of the world's most important chemical companies. Ludwigshafen became home to several other growing chemical companies, including Friedrich Raschig GmbH, the Benckiser company, Giulini Brothers, Grünzweig&Hartmann AG, Knoll AG. With more jobs available, the population of Ludwigshafen increased rapidly. In 1899 the city was governing more than 62,000 residents; this population explosion looked quite “American” to contemporaries. The solution was the expansion of the municipal area and the incorporation of the two nearest villages and Mundenheim, in the years 1892 and 1899. In the area between the city centre and those two suburbs new quarters were built after modern urban development plans.
Arnhem is a city and municipality situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands. It is the capital of the province of Gelderland and located on both banks of the rivers Nederrijn and Sint-Jansbeek, the source of the city's development. Arnhem is one of the larger cities of the Netherlands; the municipality is part of the Arnhem-Nijmegen Metropolitan Area which has a combined 736,500 inhabitants. Arnhem is home to the Hogeschool van Arnhem en Nijmegen, ArtEZ Institute of the Arts, Netherlands Open Air Museum, Airborne Museum'Hartenstein', Royal Burgers' Zoo, NOC*NSF and National Sports Centre Papendal; the north corner of the municipality is part of the Hoge Veluwe National Park. It is 55 square kilometers in area, consisting of heathlands, sand dunes, woodlands; the oldest archeological findings of human activity around Arnhem are two firestones of about 70,000 years ago. These come from the stone age. In Schuytgraaf, remnants of a hunters camp from around 5000 BC have been discovered. In Schaarsbergen, twelve grave mounds were found from 2400 BC, which brought the so-called Neolithic Revolution to the area of Arnhem, which meant the rise of the farmers.
The earliest settlement in Arnhem dates from 1500 BC, of which traces have been found on the Hoogkamp, where the Van Goyenstraat is located. In the inner city, around the Sint-Jansbeek, traces of settlement have been found from around 700 BC, while the first traces south of the Rhine have been found dating to around 500 BC, in the Schuytgraaf. Though the early tracks of settlements did show that the early residents of Arnhem descended from the forests on the hills, Arnhem was not built on the banks of the river Rhine, but a little higher along the Sint-Jansbeek. Arnhem arose on the location where the road between Utrecht and Zutphen split. Seven streams provided the city with water, only when the flow of the Rhine was changed in 1530, was the city located on the river. Arnhem was first mentioned as such in 893 as Arentheym. In 1233, Count Otto II of Guelders from Zutphen, conferred city rights on the town, which had belonged to the abbey of Prüm, settled in, fortified it. Arnhem entered the Hanseatic League in 1443.
In 1473, it was captured by Charles the Bold of Burgundy. In 1514, Charles of Egmond, duke of Guelders, took it from the dukes of Burgundy; as capital of the so-called "Kwartier van Veluwe" it joined the Union of Utrecht during the Eighty Years' War in 1579. After its capture from the Spanish forces by Dutch and English troops in 1585 the city became part of the Republic of the Seven United Provinces of the Netherlands; the French occupied the town from 1672 to 1674. From 1795 to 1813, it was reoccupied by both revolutionary and imperial forces. In the early 19th century, the former fortifications were completely dismantled, to give space for town expansion; the Sabelspoort is the only remaining part of the medieval walls. In the 19th century, Arnhem was a genteel resort town famous for its picturesque beauty, it was known as "het Haagje van het oosten" because a number of rich former sugar barons or planters from the Indies settled there, as they did in The Hague. Now the city is famous for its parks and greenery.
The urbanization in the north on hilly terrain is quite unusual for the Netherlands. In the Second World War, during Operation Market Garden, the British 1st Airborne Division, under the command of Major-General Roy Urquhart, the Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade were given the task of securing the bridge at Arnhem. Glider infantry and paratrooper units were landed into the area on 17 September and later; the bulk of the force never met their objective. A small element of the British 1st Airborne, the 2nd Parachute Battalion under Lieutenant Colonel John D. Frost, managed to make its way as far as the bridge but was unable to secure both sides; the British troops encountered stiff resistance from the German 9th and 10th SS Panzer Divisions, stationed in and around the city. The British force at the bridge ran out of ammunition and was captured on 21 September, a full withdrawal of the remaining forces was made on 26 September; these events were dramatized in the 1977 movie A Bridge Too Far..
As a tribute, the rebuilt bridge was renamed'John Frost Bridge' after the commander of the paratroopers. The official commemoration is 17 September; the current bridge is the third almost-identical bridge built at the same spot. The Dutch Army destroyed the first bridge when the German Army invaded the Netherlands in 1940; the second bridge was destroyed by the United States Army Air Forces shortly after the 1944 battle. A second battle of Arnhem took place in April 1945 when the city was liberated by the British 49th Infantry Division fighting as part of the First Canadian Army. Just outside Arnhem, in the town of Oosterbeek the Commonwealth War Graves Commission built the Arnhem Oosterbeek War Cemetery which contains the graves of most of those killed during the September landings, many of those killed in fighting in the area; the municipality of Arnhem consists of the city of Arnhem and the following surrounding suburbs and former villages: Elden, Netherlands (former village, now surro
Charlotte, North Carolina
Charlotte is the most populous city in the U. S. state of North Carolina. Located in the Piedmont, it is the county seat of Mecklenburg County. In 2017, the U. S. Census Bureau estimated the population was 859,035, making it the 17th-most populous city in the United States; the Charlotte metropolitan area's population ranks 22nd in the U. S. and had a 2016 population of 2,474,314. The Charlotte metropolitan area is part of a sixteen-county market region or combined statistical area with a 2016 census-estimated population of 2,632,249. Between 2004 and 2014, Charlotte was ranked as the country's fastest-growing metro area, with 888,000 new residents. Based on U. S. Census data from 2005 to 2015, it tops the 50 largest U. S. cities as the millennial hub. It is the second-largest city in the southeastern United States, just behind Florida, it is the third-fastest-growing major city in the United States. It is listed as a "gamma" global city by World Cities Research Network. Residents are referred to as "Charlotteans".
Charlotte is home to the corporate headquarters of Bank of America and the east coast operations of Wells Fargo, which along with other financial institutions has made it the second-largest banking center in the United States since 1995. Among Charlotte's many notable attractions, some of the most popular include the Carolina Panthers of the NFL, the Charlotte Hornets of the NBA, the Charlotte Checkers of the AHL, the Charlotte Independence of the USL, the Charlotte Hounds of Major League Lacrosse, two NASCAR Cup Series races and the NASCAR All-Star Race, the Wells Fargo Championship, the NASCAR Hall of Fame, the Charlotte Ballet, Children's Theatre of Charlotte, Carowinds amusement park, the U. S. National Whitewater Center. Charlotte has a humid subtropical climate, it is located several miles east of the Catawba River and southeast of Lake Norman, the largest man-made lake in North Carolina. Lake Wylie and Mountain Island Lake are two smaller man-made lakes located near the city; the Catawba Native Americans were the first known historic tribe to settle Mecklenburg County and were first recorded around 1567 in Spanish records.
By 1759 half the Catawba tribe had died from smallpox, endemic among Europeans, because the Catawba had no acquired immunity to the new disease. At the time of their largest population, Catawba people numbered 10,000, but by 1826 their total population had dropped to 110; the European-American city of Charlotte was developed first by a wave of migration of Scots-Irish Presbyterians, or Ulster-Scot settlers from Northern Ireland, who dominated the culture of the Southern Piedmont Region. They made up the principal founding European population in the backcountry. German immigrants settled the area before the American Revolutionary War, but in much smaller numbers, they still contributed to the early foundations of the region. Mecklenburg County was part of Bath County of New Hanover Precinct, which became New Hanover County in 1729; the western portion of New Hanover split into Bladen County in 1734, its western portion splitting into Anson County in 1750. Mecklenburg County formed from Anson County in 1762.
Further apportionment was made in 1792, after the American Revolutionary War, with Cabarrus County formed from Mecklenburg. In 1842, Union County formed from Mecklenburg's southeastern portion and a western portion of Anson County; these areas were all part of one of the original six judicial/military districts of North Carolina known as the Salisbury District. The area, now Charlotte was settled by people of European descent around 1755, when Thomas Spratt and his family settled near what is now the Elizabeth neighborhood. Thomas Polk, who married Thomas Spratt's daughter, built his house by the intersection of two Native American trading paths between the Yadkin and Catawba rivers. One path was part of the Great Wagon Road. Nicknamed the "Queen City", like its county a few years earlier, Charlotte was named in honor of German princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who had become the Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland in 1761, seven years before the town's incorporation. A second nickname derives from the American Revolutionary War, when British commander General Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis occupied the city but was driven out by hostile residents.
He wrote that Charlotte was "a hornet's nest of rebellion", leading to the nickname "The Hornet's Nest". Within decades of Polk's settling, the area grew to become "Charlotte Town", incorporating in 1768; the crossroads in the Piedmont became the heart of Uptown Charlotte. In 1770, surveyors marked the streets in a grid pattern for future development; the east–west trading path became Trade Street, the Great Wagon Road became Tryon Street, in honor of William Tryon, a royal governor of colonial North Carolina. The intersection of Trade and Tryon—commonly known today as "Trade & Tryon," or "The Square"—is more properly called "Independence Square". While surveying the boundary between the Carolinas in 1772, William Moultrie stopped in Charlotte Town, whose five or six houses were "very ordinary built of logs". Local leaders came together in 1775 and signed the Mecklenburg Resolves, more popularly known as the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. While not a true declaration of independence from British rule, it is among the first such declarations that led to the American Revolution.
May 20, the traditional date of the signing of the declaration, is celebrated annually in Charlotte as "MecDec", with musket and cannon fire by reenactors in Independence Square. North Carolina's state flag and state seal bea
Essen is the central and second largest city of the Ruhr, the largest urban area in Germany. Its population of 583,393 makes it the ninth largest city of Germany, as well as the fourth largest city of the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. On the Ruhr and Emscher rivers, Essen geographically is part of the Rhineland and the larger Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region; the Ruhrdeutsch regiolect spoken in the region has strong influences of both Low German and Low Franconian. Essen is seat to several of the region's authorities, as well as to eight of the 100 largest publicly-held German corporations regarding turnover, including three DAX corporations, placing Essen first among all German cities in the number of DAX corporate headquarters, together with Munich. Essen is considered the energy capital of Germany with E. ON and RWE, Germany's largest energy providers, both headquartered in the city. Essen is known for its impact on the arts through the respected Folkwang University of the Arts, its Zollverein School of Management and Design, the Red Dot industrial product design award.
In early 2003, the universities of Essen and the nearby city of Duisburg were merged into the University of Duisburg-Essen with campuses in both cities and a university hospital in Essen. In 1958, Essen was chosen to serve as the seat to a Roman Catholic diocese. Founded around 845, Essen remained a small town within the sphere of influence of an important ecclesiastical principality until the onset of industrialization; the city — through the Krupp family iron works — became one of Germany's most important coal and steel centers. Essen, until the 1970s, attracted workers from all over the country. Following the region-wide decline of heavy industries in the last decades of the 20th century, the city has seen the development of a strong tertiary sector of the economy; the most notable witness of this Strukturwandel is the Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex, which has once been the largest of its kind in Europe. Closed in 1993, both the coking plant and the mine have been inscribed in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 2001.
Notable accomplishments of the city in recent years include the title of European Capital of Culture on behalf of the whole Ruhr area in 2010 and the selection as the European Green Capital for 2017. Essen is located in the centre of the Ruhr area, one of the largest urban areas in Europe, comprising eleven independent cities and four districts with some 5.3 million inhabitants. The city limits of Essen itself are 87 km long and border ten cities, five independent and five kreisangehörig, with a total population of 1.4 million. The city extends over 21 km from north to south and 17 km from west to east north of the River Ruhr; the Ruhr forms the Lake Baldeney reservoir in the boroughs of Fischlaken, Kupferdreh and Werden. The lake, a popular recreational area, dates from 1931 to 1933, when some thousands of unemployed coal miners dredged it with primitive tools. Large areas south of the River Ruhr are quite green and are quoted as examples of rural structures in the otherwise densely populated central Ruhr area.
According to the Federal Statistical Office of Germany, Essen with 9.2% of its area covered by recreational green is the greenest city in North Rhine-Westphalia and the third-greenest city in Germany. The city has been shortlisted for the title of European Green Capital two consecutive times, for 2016 and 2017, winning for 2017; the city was singled out for its exemplary practices in protecting and enhancing nature and biodiversity and efforts to reduce water consumption. Essen participates in a variety of networks and initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to improve the city’s resilience in the face of climate change; the lowest point can be found in the northern borough of Karnap at 26.5 m, the highest point in the borough of Heidhausen at 202.5 m. The average elevation is 116 m. Essen comprises fifty boroughs which in turn are grouped into nine suburban districts named after the most important boroughs; each Stadtbezirk is assigned a Roman numeral and has a local body of nineteen members with limited authority.
Most of the boroughs were independent municipalities but were annexed from 1901 to 1975. This long-lasting process of annexation has led to a strong identification of the population with "their" boroughs or districts and to a rare peculiarity: The borough of Kettwig, located south of the Ruhr River, and, not annexed until 1975, has its own area code. Additionally, the Archbishop of Cologne managed to keep Kettwig directly subject to the Archdiocese of Cologne, whereas all other boroughs of Essen and some neighboring cities constitute the Diocese of Essen. Essen has a "true"/typical oceanic climate with mild winters and cool summers. Without large mountains and the presence of inland seas, it ends up extending a predominantly marine climate is found in Essen a little more extreme and drier in other continents in such geographical location, its average annual temperature is 10 °C: 13.3 °C during the day and 6.7 °C at night. The average annual precipitation is 934 mm; the coldest m
Tokyo Dome is a stadium in Bunkyo, Japan. Construction on the stadium began on May 16, 1985, it opened on March 17, 1988, it was built on the site of the Velodrome, adjacent to Kōrakuen Stadium. It has a maximum total capacity of 57,000 depending on configuration, with an all-seating configuration of 42,000. Tokyo Dome's original nickname was "The Big Egg", with some calling it the "Tokyo Big Egg", its dome-shaped roof is an air-supported structure, a flexible membrane supported by pressurizing the inside of the stadium. It became the first Japanese venue with an American football attendance above 50,000, it is the home field of the Yomiuri Giants baseball team, has hosted music concerts, American football and association football games, as well as puroresu matches, mixed martial arts events, kickboxing events, monster truck races. It is the location of the Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame which chronicles the history of baseball in Japan; the Tokyo Dome was developed by Takenaka Corporation. Tokyo Dome is part of a greater entertainment complex known as Tokyo Dome City, built of the grounds of the former Tokyo Koishikawa arsenal.
Tokyo Dome City includes Tokyo Dome City Attractions. This amusement park occupies the former Korakuen Stadium site and includes a roller coaster named Thunder Dolphin and a hubless Ferris wheel; the grounds have an onsen called Spa LaQua, various shops, video game centers, the largest JRA WINS horse race betting complex in Tokyo, Oft Korakuen, which caters to rural horse races. Mick Jagger was the first international act to play in the Tokyo Dome on March 22 and 23, 1988. Bon Jovi followed suit and played at the Tokyo Dome on 31 December 1988; the band has since performed total of 19 concerts at Tokyo Dome, most in 2010 as part of The Circle Tour. Mariah Carey's three sold-out shows at the Dome during her 1996 Daydream World Tour on March 7, 10 and 14 set records when all 150,000 tickets sold in under 3 hours, she performed at the Dome for 4 nights during her 1998 Butterfly World Tour on January 11, 14, 17, 20 and 2 nights during her 2000 Rainbow World Tour on March 7 and 9. Overall, Carey performed at the Tokyo Dome 9 sold-out concerts to date.
She holds the record for the most number of sold-out shows performed at the venue for a female solo artist, both in her country of origin and international. The second is Janet Jackson with a total of 8 shows, who performed at the Dome in 1990, selling out four shows in 7 minutes, setting a record for the fastest sellout in the history of Tokyo Dome; this record was surpassed by Japanese rock band L'Arc~en~Ciel. Superstar Michael Jackson performed 21 concerts during his 3 solo world tours. In 1988, for his Bad World Tour Jackson performed 9 concerts on December 9, 10, 11, 17, 18, 19, 24, 25 and 26 in front of 405,000 people. In 1992, for his Dangerous World Tour, 8 concerts on December 12, 14, 17, 19, 22, 24, 30 and 31 in front of 360,000 people and in 1996, for his HIStory World Tour, 4 concerts on December 13, 15, 17 and 20. U2 ended their 1992-93's ZooTV Tour with two concerts on 9 and 10 December 1993. Kylie Minogue performed on 6 October 1989 in front of 38,000 during her Disco in Dream Tour.
Heavy metal band X Japan has performed at Tokyo Dome many times, including their last concert with former bassist Taiji on January 7, 1992 and their last concert before disbanding on December 31, 1997. The arena hosted their first concerts after reuniting in 2007. Yellow Magic Orchestra played two sold-out concerts at the arena on June 10–11, 1993; this was their only two concerts since their dissolution in 1983 and would be their last until their reformation in 2007. Japanese multi-genre band Judy and Mary performed on 7 & 8 March 2001 as their final performances as a band in support of their final album Warp; the 8 March 2001 concert was recorded for VHS and DVD and at 140 minutes was the longest concert Judy and Mary had performed. Madonna performed at Tokyo Dome seven times, the first time in 1993 with five sold-out shows at dome on December 13, 14, 16, 17 and 19 during her The Girlie Show Tour, Thirteen years Madonna returned to perform at Tokyo Dome with two sold-out shows in front of 71,231 fans at the venue on September 20 and 21, 2006, as part of her Confessions Tour.
Britney Spears In 2002 Britney Spears had a sold out show at the dome. Rain was the first Korean artist to perform at the Tokyo Dome, his concert at the Tokyo Dome on May 25, 2007 attracted nearly 45,000 people. On July 22, 2007, Kinki Kids held their 10th anniversary concert at Tokyo Dome, which drew a crowd of about 67,000 fans, making it the biggest concert held at the Dome; the record was held by Tsuyoshi Nagabuchi in 1992 when his concert drew an audience of 65,000. On December 22, 2007, Hey! Say! JUMP held their debut concert Hey! Say! JUMP Debut & First Concert Ikinari! in Tokyo Dome. They became the youngest group to perform in Tokyo Dome with the average age of 15.7 years old. In July 2009, TVXQ, the first Korean Group who performed in Tokyo dome, played the last two shows of their 4th Live Tour 2009: The Secret Code at the Tokyo Dome. Rock band Luna Sea held a one-night reunion concert titled "God Bless You ~One Night Dejavu~" on December 24, 2007. Electronic J-pop band Perfume performed one concert on 3 November 2010 titled "1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11" to mark their 10th going into 11th year as a band.
Perfume was the second girl group after Speed to perform in Tokyo Dome. In December 2010, Luna Sea
Bon Jovi is an American rock band formed in 1983 in Sayreville, New Jersey. It consists of singer Jon Bon Jovi, keyboardist David Bryan, drummer Tico Torres, guitarist Phil X, bassist Hugh McDonald. Previous bassist Alec John Such was dismissed in 1994, longtime guitarist and co-songwriter Richie Sambora left in 2013. In 1984 and 1985, Bon Jovi released their first two albums and their debut single "Runaway" managed to crack the Top 40. In 1986, the band achieved widespread success and global recognition with their third album, Slippery When Wet, which sold over 20 million copies and included three Top 10 singles, two of which reached No. 1 Their fourth album, New Jersey, was very successful, selling over 10 million copies and featuring five Top 10 singles, two of which reached No. 1. After the band toured and recorded extensively during the late 1980s, culminating in the 1988–90 New Jersey Tour, Jon Bon Jovi and Richie Sambora released successful solo albums in 1990 and 1991, respectively.
In 1992, the band returned with the double-platinum Keep the Faith. This was followed by their biggest-selling and longest-charting single "Always" and the album These Days, which proved to be a bigger hit in Europe than in the United States, producing four Top Ten singles in the United Kingdom. Following a second hiatus, their 2000 album Crush the lead single, "It's My Life" introduced the band to a younger audience; the band followed up with Bounce in 2002. The platinum albums Have a Nice Day and Lost Highway saw the band incorporate elements of country music into some of the songs, including the 2006 single "Who Says You Can't Go Home", which won the band a Grammy Award and became the first single by a rock band to reach No. 1 on the country charts. The Circle marked a return to the band's rock sound; the band enjoyed great success touring, with both the 2005–06 Have a Nice Day Tour and 2007–08 Lost Highway Tour ranking among the Top 20 highest-grossing concert tours of the 2000s and the 2013 Because We Can Tour ranking among the highest-grossing of the 2010s.
The band continues to tour and record, with their most recent album This House Is Not for Sale and its associated tour encompassing 2016–19. Bon Jovi has released five compilations and three live albums, they have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, making them one of the bestselling American rock bands, performed more than 2,700 concerts in over 50 countries for more than 34 million fans. Bon Jovi was inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2006, into the US Rock and Roll Hall Of Fame in 2018; the band received the Award of Merit at the American Music Awards in 2004, Jon Bon Jovi and Richie Sambora were inducted into Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2009. Jon Bon Jovi began playing music in 1975, at the age of 13, playing piano and guitar with his first band, Raze. At 16, Jon formed a band called Atlantic City Expressway. Still in his teens, Bon Jovi played in the band John Bongiovi and the Wild Ones, playing clubs such as the Fast Lane and opening for local acts. By 1980, he had formed another band, the Rest, opened up for New Jersey acts such as Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes.
In 1980, Jon recorded his first single, "Runaway" in his cousin's studio, backed up by studio musicians. The song was played by a local radio station on a compilation tape. By mid-1982, out of school and working part-time at a women's shoe store, Jon Bon Jovi took a job at the Power Station Studios, a Manhattan recording facility where his cousin Tony Bongiovi was co-owner. Jon made several demos—including one produced by Billy Squier—and sent them to record companies, though failing to make an impact, his first professional recording was as lead vocals in "R2-D2 We Wish You a Merry Christmas,", part of the Christmas in the Stars album which his cousin co-produced. In 1983, Jon visited a local radio station WAPP 103.5FM "The Apple" in Lake Success, New York to write and sing the jingles for the station. He spoke with DJ Chip Hobart and to the promotion director, John Lassman, who suggested Jon let WAPP include the song "Runaway" on the station's compilation album of local homegrown talent. Jon was reluctant, but gave them the song, which he had rerecorded in 1982 with local studio musicians whom he designated The All Star Review—guitarist Tim Pierce, keyboardist Roy Bittan, drummer Frankie LaRocka, bassist Hugh McDonald.
The song began to get airplay in the New York area other sister stations in major markets picked up the song. In March 1983, Bon Jovi called David Bryan, who in turn called bassist Alec John Such and an experienced drummer named Tico Torres, both of the band Phantom's Opera. Tapped to play lead guitar for a short tour supporting "Runaway" was Bon Jovi's friend and neighbor, Dave Sabo, though he never joined the band, he and Jon promised each other. Sabo went on to form the group Skid Row. Jon saw and was impressed with hometown guitarist Richie Sambora, recommended by fellow bassist Alec John Such and drummer Tico Torres. Sambora had toured with Joe Cocker, played with a group called Mercy and had been called up to audition for Kiss, he played on the album Lessons with the band Message, for which Alec John Such was the bassist. Message was signed to Led Zeppelin's Swan Song Records label, although the album was never released at the time. Meanwhile, WAPP, the station th