T. S. O. L. is an American punk rock band formed in 1978 in California. Although most associated with hardcore punk, T. S. O. L.'s music has varied on each release, including such styles as deathrock, art punk, horror punk and other varieties of punk music. Formed in 1978 in Long Beach, T. S. O. L. Originated as a punk band, developing from earlier bands SS Cult and Johnny Koathanger and the Abortions; the original lineup consisted of vocalist Jack Grisham, guitarist Ron Emory, bassist Mike Roche and drummer Todd Barnes. In 1978, Grisham and Barnes formed Vicious Circle, T. S. O. L. Took a brief hiatus. T. S. O. L.'s debut five-song EP, T. S. O. L. was released in spring 1981 by Posh Boy Records. This first release was harshly political, featuring tracks such as "Superficial Love," "World War III" and "Abolish Government." Their first full-length album, Dance with Me, was released in 1981 on Frontier Records, showcased a more gothic/deathrock sound. They signed to independent label Alternative Tentacles, releasing the Weathered Statues EP early in 1982, the melodic Beneath the Shadows album that year.
Amid personal turmoil, Grisham and Kuehn all left the band in 1983. After his exit, Grisham formed Cathedral of Tears, who released a 1984 EP on Enigma Records, followed by Tender Fury, who issued three albums: Tender Fury, Garden of Evil and If Anger Were Soul, Id Be James Brown. T. S. O. L. However, chose to reconfigure. Bad Religion bassist Jay Bentley joined in 1983 before Roche returned. Joe Wood and Mitch Dean joined on drums, respectively; this new lineup released three albums on Enigma: Change Today?, Revenge and Hit and Run. All three albums featured a more polished production style, with Hit and Run reaching No. 184 on the Billboard 200 charts, the band toured globally to support the releases. The band's first live album, was issued by Enigma in 1988; the band became friends with Guns N' Roses, T. S. O. L. T-shirts were seen in the video for that band's "Sweet Child o' Mine", most notably on drummer Steven Adler. Emory left the band in 1988, during the recording of demos for Strange Love, leaving Roche as the sole remaining original member.
Though Emory was given a writing credit on the track "Blow by Blow". T. S. O. L. Were joined by guitarist Scotty Phillips, who quit before the band started recording the follow-up to Hit and Run, they hired former Dino's Revenge guitarist and actor Marshall Rohner. They released a blues-metal album, Strange Love, in 1990. Roche quit shortly before the album release. A compilation album titled Hell and Back Together 1984–1990 was issued in 1992 with an emphasis on their metal era. Murphy Karges replaced Roche on bass; this late-'80s lineup was popular enough to garner bookings in Brazil and Argentina, where the Grisham-led band held no legal rights to prevent Wood from gigging as T. S. O. L. In 1996, Wood and Dean were joined by guitarists Mike Martt and Drac Conley, bassist Dave Mello, with Dean subsequently replaced by Steve "Sully" O'Sullivan. In 1996, Wood formed ongoing blues band Joe Wood & the Lonely Ones. Wood recorded as Orange Wedge in 1993 and Cisco Poison in 1995. Meanwhile, the original members began playing shows under the name T.
S. O. L, featuring the band's early material, they played the same cities, on the same nights, as the other T. S. O. L. Since Wood and Dean now owned the rights to the name T. S. O. L, they threatened to sue the original members, who released the Live'91 live album of their early material, under the name "Grisham, Roche and Barnes" but stopped playing together soon after its release. They did some gigs during this time as "LOST". Grisham and Emory formed the Joykiller in 1995, releasing three albums prior to disbanding in 1998. In 1999, the original members won, they joined the Vans Warped Tour, playing for the first time in years under the name T. S. O. L. Barnes died of a brain aneurysm on December 6, 1999, at the age of 34; the remaining members recruited drummer Jay O'Brien and released the "Anticop" single and the albums Disappear and Divided We Stand, all on Nitro Records, the latter of which featured Kuehn back on keyboards as well as Billy Blaze replacing O'Brien. Anthony "Tiny" Biuso joined the band on drums in December 2003 and remained until 2014, serving as the longest standing drummer in the band's three-decade history.
He first recorded with the band on 2005's Who's Screwin' Who?, a revamping and rerecording of 18 of T. S. O. L.'s greatest hits. In November 2006, the band announced they were breaking
William Martin Joel is an American singer-songwriter and pianist. Nicknamed the "Piano Man", he has been making music since the 1960s, releasing popular albums throughout the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s, he was born in 1949 in The Bronx, New York, grew up on Long Island, New York, both places that influenced his music. After dropping out of high school, Joel took part in two short-lived bands, The Hassles and Attila, before signing a record deal with Family Productions and kicking off a solo career in 1971 with his first release, Cold Spring Harbor. In 1972, Joel caught the attention of Columbia Records after a live radio performance of the song "Captain Jack" became popular in Philadelphia, prompting him to sign a new record deal with the company and release his second solo album, Piano Man, which contained his first hit single of the same name. After releasing two more albums, Streetlife Serenade and Turnstiles, Joel released his critical and commercial breakthrough album, The Stranger, in 1977.
In 1978, Joel's album 52nd Street was his first album to peak at #1 on the Billboard 200 chart. Joel released his seventh studio album, Glass Houses, in an attempt to further establish himself as a rock and roll artist, his next album, The Nylon Curtain, was released in 1982, stemmed from a desire from Joel to create more lyrically and melodically ambitious music. An Innocent Man, released in 1983, served as an homage to genres of music which Joel had grown up with in the 1950s, such as rhythm and blues and doo-wop. After releasing the albums The Bridge and Storm Front in 1986 and 1989 Joel released his twelfth and final solo album, River of Dreams, in 1993, he went on to release Fantasies and Delusions, a 2001 album featuring classical compositions composed by Joel and performed by British-Korean pianist Richard Hyung-ki Joo. Joel provided voiceover work in 1988 for the 27th animated Disney film, Oliver & Company, in which he provided the voice of the character Dodger, contributed to the soundtracks to several different films, including Easy Money, Ruthless People, Honeymoon in Vegas.
Across the 20 years of his solo career, Joel produced 33 Top 40 hits in the US, all of which he wrote himself, three of which managed to top the charts. He is a six-time Grammy Award winner, nominated for 23 Grammy Awards. With over 150 million records sold worldwide, he is one of the best-selling artists of all time as well as the sixth best-selling recording artist and the third best-selling solo artist in the United States, his 1985 compilation album, Greatest Hits Vol. 1 & 2, is one of the best-selling albums in the US. Joel was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, the Long Island Music Hall of Fame. In 2001, Joel received the Johnny Mercer Award from the Songwriters Hall of Fame. In 2013, Joel received the Kennedy Center Honors, the nation's highest honor for influencing American culture through the arts. Since the advent of his solo career, Joel has held a successful touring career, holding live performances across the globe in which he sings several of his written songs.
In 1987, he became one of the first artists to hold a rock and roll tour in the Soviet Union following the country's alleviation of the ban on rock and roll music. Despite retiring from writing and releasing pop music following the release of River of Dreams, he continues to tour, he performs at Madison Square Garden in Manhattan. Joel has been in several relationships, including marriages to Elizabeth Weber Small, model Christie Brinkley, Katie Lee. Since 2015, he has been married to his 4th spouse. William Martin Joel was born in the Bronx on May 9, 1949; when he was one year old, his family moved to the Long Island suburb of Hicksville, New York, in the Town of Oyster Bay, where he and his younger sister were raised in a section of Levitt homes. Joel's father, Howard Joel, a classical pianist and businessman, was born in Nuremberg, Germany, to a Jewish family, the son of a merchant and manufacturer, Karl Amson Joel. Helmut was educated in Switzerland, his father had created a successful mail order textile business, Joel Macht Fabrik.
To escape the Nazi regime, Helmut's family emigrated to Switzerland. His father was forced to sell his business at a fraction of its value; the family reached the United States via Cuba, because immigration quotas for German Jews prevented direct immigration at the time. In the United States, Helmut/Howard Joel always loved music. Joel's mother, was born in Brooklyn to Jewish parents and Rebecca Nyman, who had immigrated from England. Joel has said that neither of his parents had talked much about World War II, which were such dark years. After Rosalind and Howard Joel divorced in 1957, he returned to Europe, as he had never liked the United States, considering the people uneducated and materialistic, he settled in Austria. He remarried. Billy Joel has a half-brother, Alexander Joel, born to his father in Europe, who became a classical conductor there. Alexander Joel was the chief musical director of the Staatstheater Braunschweig from 2001 to 2014. Joel reluctantly began piano lessons at an early age, at his mother'
Backing vocalists or backup singers are singers who provide vocal harmony with the lead vocalist or other backing vocalists. In some cases, a backing vocalist may sing alone as a lead-in to the main vocalist's entry or to sing a counter-melody. Backing vocalists are used in a broad range of popular music, traditional music and world music styles. Solo artists may employ professional backing vocalists in studio recording sessions as well as during concerts. In many rock and metal bands, the musicians doing backing vocals play instruments, such as guitar, electric bass, drums, or keyboards. In Latin or Afro-Cuban groups, backing singers may play percussion instruments or shakers while singing. In some pop and hip-hop groups and in musical theater, the backing singers may be required to perform elaborately choreographed dance routines while they sing through headset microphones; the style of singing used by backing singers varies according to the type of song and the genre of music the band plays.
In pop and country songs, backing vocalists may perform vocal harmony parts to support the lead vocalist. In hardcore punk or rockabilly, other band members who play instruments may sing or shout backing vocals during the chorus section of the songs. Alternative terms for backing vocalists include backing singers, backing vocals, additional vocals or in the United States and Canada, backup singers or sometimes background singers or harmony vocalists. While some bands use performers whose sole on-stage role is performing backing vocals, it is common for backing singers to have other roles. Two notable examples of band members who sang back-up are The Beatles; the Beach Boys were well known for their close vocal harmonies with all five members singing at once such as "In My Room" and "Surfer Girl". All five members would sing lead, although most Brian Wilson or Mike Love would sing lead with guitarists Carl Wilson and Al Jardine and drummer Dennis Wilson singing background harmonies; the Beatles were known for their close style of vocal harmonies – all Beatles members sang both lead and backing vocals at some point John Lennon and Paul McCartney, who supported each other with harmonies with fellow Beatle George Harrison joining in.
Ringo Starr, while not as prominent in the role of backing singer as his three bandmates due to his distinctive voice, can be heard singing backing vocals in such tracks as "The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill" and "Carry That Weight". Examples of three-part harmonies by Lennon, McCartney and Harrison include "Nowhere Man", "Because", "Day Tripper", "This Boy"; the members of Crosby, Nash & Young and Bee Gees all each wrote songs and sang back-up or lead vocals and played various instruments on their albums and various collaborations with each other. Former guitarist John Frusciante and current guitarist Josh Klinghoffer of the Red Hot Chili Peppers sing nearly all backing vocals singing some parts without accompaniment from lead vocalist Anthony Kiedis; the band's bassist Flea filled in for additional vocals. Frusciante sang one song by himself during concerts. Another example is "No Frontiers" by The Corrs, sung by Sharon and Caroline. Other backing vocalists include rhythm guitarist Sebastien Lefebvre & bass guitarist David Desrosiers of pop punk band Simple Plan, guitarist John Petrucci of Dream Theater, lead guitarist Kirk Hammett & bass guitarist Robert Trujillo of Metallica, guitarists Zacky Vengeance & Synyster Gates and of heavy metal band Avenged Sevenfold.
In the recording studio, some lead singers record their own backing vocals by overdubbing with a multitrack recording system. A multitrack recording system enables the record producer to add many layers of recordings over top of each other. Using a multitrack system, a lead vocalist can record his or her own backing vocals, record the lead vocal part over top; some lead vocalists prefer this approach because the sound of their own harmonies will blend well with their main vocal. One famous example is Freddie Mercury of Queen singing the first part of "Bohemian Rhapsody" himself by overdubbing. Patrick Stump of Fall Out Boy, Tom DeLonge of Angels and Airwaves, Wednesday 13 in his own band and Murderdolls, Ian Gillan of Deep Purple, Simon Le Bon of Duran Duran and Brad Delp of Boston recorded lead and backing vocals for their albums. With the exception of a few songs on each album, Dan Fogelberg, Eddie Rabbitt, David Bowie and Richard Marx sing all of the background vocals for their songs. Robert Smith of the Cure not only sings his own backing vocals in the studio, but doesn't perform with backing vocalists when playing live.
Many metalcore and some post-hardcore bands, such as As I Lay Dying, Haste the Day and Silverstein feature a main vocalist who performs using harsh vocals, whilst the backing vocalist sings harmonies during choruses to create a contrast. Some bands, such as Hawthorne Heights and Finch have the backing singers do harsh vocals to highlight specific lyrics. Pop and R&B vocalists such as Diana Ross, Ariana Grande, Mariah Carey, Michael Jackson, Janet Jackson, Beyoncé Knowles, Faith Evans, D'Angelo, Mary J. Blige and Amerie have become known for not only recording their own backing vocals, but for arranging their own multi-tracked vocals and developing complex harmonies and arrangements; when they perform live, they may have backing vocalists. Some bands use backing vocals in order to contrast with the lead singer who may be performing an unusual vocal technique. For example, Brian "Head" Welch, the lead guitarist of the band Korn, performed backin
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
Trade, intermarriage a
David Byrne is a Scottish-American singer, musician, record producer, actor and filmmaker, a founding member, principal songwriter and lead singer and guitarist of the American new wave band Talking Heads. Byrne has released solo recordings and worked with various media including film, opera and non-fiction, he has received Academy and Golden Globe Awards, has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. David Byrne was born on 14 May 1952 in Dumbarton, West Dunbartonshire, the elder of two children born to parents Tom and Emma. Two years after his birth, his parents moved to Canada, settling in Ontario, they moved to the United States, making their home in Arbutus, when Byrne was eight or nine years old. His father worked as an electronics engineer at Westinghouse Electric Corporation, his mother became a teacher. The family had left Scotland in part because work for his father's engineering skills was in short supply, in part because of the tensions in the wider family caused by his parents' "mixed marriage", his father being Catholic and his mother being Presbyterian.
Byrne recounted these events when he appeared on Desert Island Discs on BBC Radio 4 on 18 March 2018. Before high school, Byrne knew how to play the guitar and violin, he was rejected from his middle school's choir because they claimed he was "off-key and too withdrawn". From a young age, he had a strong interest in music, his parents say that he would play his phonograph from age three, he learned how to play the harmonica at age five. In his journals, he says, "I was a peculiar young man—borderline Asperger's, I would guess." His father used his electrical engineering skills to modify a reel-to-reel tape recorder so that Byrne could make multi-track recordings. Byrne graduated from Lansdowne High School in southwest Baltimore County, he started his musical career in a high school band called Revelation between 1971 and 1972, he was one half of a duo named Bizadi with Marc Kehoe. Their repertoire consisted of songs such as "April Showers", "96 Tears", "Dancing on the Ceiling" and Frank Sinatra songs.
Byrne attended the Rhode Island School of Design and the Maryland Institute College of Art before dropping out. He returned to Providence in 1973 and formed a band called the Artistics with fellow RISD student Chris Frantz; the band dissolved in 1974. Byrne moved to New York City in May that year and was joined by Frantz and his girlfriend Tina Weymouth in September. Unable to find a bass player in New York and Byrne persuaded Weymouth to learn to play the bass guitar. Byrne gave her lessons. While working day jobs in late 1974, they were contemplating a band. By January 1975, they were playing together, while still working normal day jobs, they had their first gig in June. Byrne quit his day job in May 1976 and the three-piece band signed to Sire Records in November. Multi-instrumentalist Jerry Harrison joined the band in 1977; the band released eight studio albums before going into hiatus in 1988. Byrne desired to go solo, but it took three years until 1991 to announce that the band was breaking up.
A brief reunion for a single "Sax and Violins" in 1991 occurred before dissolving again. The band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2002, when they reunited to play four tracks, including "Psycho Killer" and "Burning Down the House". During his time in the band, Byrne took on outside projects, collaborating with Brian Eno during 1979 and 1981 on the album My Life in the Bush of Ghosts, which attracted considerable critical acclaim due to its early use of analogue sampling and found sounds. Following this record, Byrne focused his attention on Talking Heads. My Life in the Bush of Ghosts was re-released for its 25th anniversary in early 2006, with new bonus tracks. In keeping with the spirit of the original album, stems for two of the songs' component tracks were released under Creative Commons licenses and a remix contest site was launched. Rei Momo was the first solo album by Byrne after leaving Talking Heads, features Afro-Cuban, Afro-Hispanic, Brazilian song styles including popular dances including merengue, son cubano, mambo, cha-cha-chá, bomba and charanga.
His third solo album, Uh-Oh, featured a brass section and was driven by catchy tracks such as "Girls on My Mind" and "The Cowboy Mambo". His fourth solo album, titled David Byrne, was a more proper rock record, with Byrne playing most of the instruments on it, leaving percussion for session musicians. "Angels" and "Back in the Box" were the two main singles released from the album. The first one entered the US Modern Rock Tracks chart, reaching No. 24. For his fifth studio effort the emotional Feelings, Byrne employed a brass orchestra called Black Cat Orchestra, his sixth Look into the Eyeball continued the same musical exploration of Feelings, but was compiled of more upbeat tracks, like those found on Uh-Oh. Grown Backwards, released by Nonesuch Records, used orchestral string arrangements, includes two operatic arias as well as a rework of X-Press 2 collaboration "Lazy", he launched a North American and Australian tour with the Tosca Strings. This tour ended with Los Angeles, San Diego and New York shows in August 2005.
He has collaborated with Selena for her 1995 album Dreaming of You with "God's Child" in 1995. Byrne and Eno reunited for his eighth album Everything That Happens Will Happen Today, he assembled a band to tour worldwide for the album for a six-month period from late 2008 th
Chicano rock is rock music performed by Mexican American groups or music with themes derived from Chicano culture. Chicano Rock, to a great extent, does not refer to any single style or approach; some of these groups do not sing in Spanish at all, or use many specific Latin instruments or sounds. The main unifying factor, whether or not any explicitly Latin American music is heard, is a strong R&B influence, a rather independent and rebellious approach to making music that comes from outside the music industry. Chicano rock is the distinctive style of rock and roll music performed by Mexican Americans from East L. A. and Southern California that contains themes of their cultural experiences. Although the genre is broad and diverse, encompassing a variety of styles and subjects, the overarching theme of Chicano rock is its R&B influence and incorporation of brass instruments like the saxophone and trumpet, Farfisa or Hammond B3 organ, funky basslines, its blending of Mexican vocal styling sung in English.
There are two undercurrents in Chicano rock. One is a devotion to the original rhythm and blues and country roots of Rock and roll. Ritchie Valens, Sunny & the Sunglows, The Sir Douglas Quintet, Thee Midniters, Los Lobos, War, El Chicano all have made music, based on 1950s R&B when general trends moved away from the original sound of rock as time went by. Chicano rock'n' roll star Ritchie Valens, was a Mexican-American singer and songwriter influential in the Chicano rock movement, he recorded numerous hits during his short career, most notably the 1958 hit "La Bamba." Valens died at age 17 in a plane crash with fellow musicians Buddy Holly and the Big Bopper on February 3, 1959. The tragedy was immortalized as "the day the music died" in the song "American Pie."Another characteristic is the openness to Latin American sounds and influences. Trini Lopez, Santana and other Chicano'Latin Rock' groups follow this approach with their fusions of R&B, Caribbean sounds. Los Lobos in particular alternates between R&B/roots rock and the Tex-Mex/Latin rock style.
The 1958 hit song "Tequila!" was written and sung by the saxophone player Danny Flores and performed by The Champs. Flores, who died in September 2006, was known as the "Godfather of Latino Rock." In the mid-1980s Chicano teen rock band Renegade landed on the international music scene, sporting a combination of heavy metal instrumentation with more pop oriented melodies, resulting in a new subgenre, termed "commercial metal". The four teens—Kenny Marquez on lead guitar and vocals, Luis Cardenas on drums and vocals, Tony De La Rosa on rhythm guitar and vocals and Danny David Flores on bass guitar and vocals—have been referred to as Chicano rock gods, amongst Mexican-Americans. Renegade or Los Renegados as they are called in Latin-America, went on to sell more than 30 millions units worldwide, with a series of hits in Mexico, Canada and the United Kingdom, to a lesser extent, the United States. Groups like Ozomatli and Quetzal had led the new wave of Latin Rock groups that fuse multiple musical genres.
Ozomatli has been mixing rock, hip-hop, funk and Chicano low-rider low. They do not have a category for Ozomatli because they mix genres and music together to where they are one, much like how they have spread their music around the globe, their song "City of Angels", has presented Latino rock on the foreign lands of America and has spread in the state of California. Quetzal, the groundbreaking band from the barrios of East Los Angeles has been creating heartfelt Latin folk and roots-rock music for over a decade. With the successful tours and concerts alongside the likes of Los Lobos, Taj Mahal and Michelle Shocked, Quetzal has proven beyond doubt their ability to play intimate clubs and large arenas alike—and gaining hardcore fans at every stop; the band combines rock, Afro-Cuban, country blues, jazz elements to support the wide-ranging and supercharged vocals of Martha González. The retro-futuristic mix has garnered praise from critics the LA Times calls them a "world-class act" and support from such luminaries as Los Lobos.
Quetzal forges a sound that makes you dance and contemplate change. Another musician to consider includes Robert Lopez aka El Vez-The Mexican Elvis. Robert Lopez aka El Vez started operating an art gallery called "La Luz de Jesus" and created a show dedicated to Elvis. Since Lopez's impersonator did not meet his expectation El Vez was created. El Vez's first performance was in Memphis, Tennessee on August 16, 1989. Lopez started making karaoke tapes while running his gallery. Most of his music does not include sacred topics, but it doesn't mean he doesn't respect them, his goal is to blur the line between what is sacred and profane allowing him to have wide age range in his audience. He has been releasing albums since 1994 continuing to use satire and humor in his songs to express revolutionary views, his lyrics are like history lessons containing strong, radical message. Some teachers and professors use his music to teach history and Mexican American Culture! This means Chicano rock can be used as part of the education system as well as politically activism In places such as San Antonio, Los Angeles, the San Francisco Bay area, Dallas and Houston, the African-American audience was important to aspiring Latino musicians, this kept their music wedded to authentic R&B.
Undoubtedly, many listeners in the 1960s heard Sunny and the Sunglows "Talk to Me", or Thee Midniters' and more famously and the Headhunters' "Land of a Thousand Dances" and assumed that the groups were black. Dick Hugg and KR
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti