The term percussionist applies to a musician who performs struck musical instruments of numerous diverse shapes and applications. Most contemporary western ensembles bands for rock, jazz, most drummers of this particular designation work within the context of a larger contingent that may include, keyboard or guitar, auxiliary percussion and bass. Said ensembles may include melodic based mallet percussion including, the rhythm section, being the core metronomic foundation with which other melodic instruments, including voices, may present the harmonic/melodic portion of the material. In popular music, the function of the drummer is to keep time or provide a steady tempo. There are many tools that a drummer can use for either timekeeping or soloing and these include cymbals, toms, auxiliary percussion and many others. Also there are single and triple bass pedals for the bass drum, before motorized transport became widespread, drummers played a key role in military conflicts. Military drummers provided drum cadences that set a marching pace.
In some armies drums assisted in combat by keeping cadence for firing and loading drills with muzzle loading guns, military drummers were employed on the parade field, when troops passed in review, and in various ceremonies including ominous drum rolls accompanying disciplinary punishments. Children served as drummer boys well into the century, though less commonly than is popularly assumed, due to the nature of the job. In modern times, drummers are not employed in battle, typically buglers and drummers mass under a sergeant-drummer and during marches alternately perform with the regiment or battalion ensembles. Military-based musical percussion traditions were not limited exclusively to the western world, in the Ottoman Empire, the size of a military band reflected the rank of its commander in chief, the largest band was reserved for the Sultan. It included various percussion instruments, often adopted in European military music, the pitched bass drum is still known in some languages as the Turkish Drum.
The drumline is a type of marching ensemble descended from drummers, and can be arranged as a performance of a drum. Their uniforms will often have a style and a fancy hat. In recent times, it is common to see drummers in parades wearing costumes with an African, Latin, Native American, or tribal look. Various indigenous cultures use the drum to create a sense of unity with others especially during recreational events, the drum helps in prayers and meditations. List of drummers Drum beat Drum machine Drum tracks Pipe band This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Hugh
Suffocation is an American death metal band that was formed in 1988 in Centereach, Long Island, New York, United States. The band comprises vocalist Frank Mullen, guitarists Terrance Hobbs and Charlie Errigo, drummer Eric Morotti and bassist Derek Boyer. The bands raw death metal style uses growled vocals with a guitar sound and complex guitar riffs and drumming, open chord notes, breakdowns. Suffocation was formed in 1988 on Long Island, New York, by vocalist Frank Mullen, bassist Josh Barohn, guitarists Guy Marchais and Todd German, the quintet was mainly influenced by fellow American death metal bands as well as the British band Napalm Death and Brazilian Sepultura. Smith commented on meeting Hobbs for the first time, Thats where I first noticed, the bands first EP, Human Waste, was released through Relapse Records in 1991. The full-length debut album, Effigy of the Forgotten, recorded by producer Scott Burns at Tampas Morrisound Studios, in July 1991 bassist Josh Baron was replaced by Chris Richards, as the album became substantially influential in extreme metal music.
After the following album, Breeding the Spawn, was released in 1993, the 1995 release Pierced from Within, which received better production than the previous release, was followed by extensive tours in Europe, Canada and the United States. In 1998, Suffocation released the EP Despise the Sun via Vulture Records, the EP was re-released in 2000 and 2002 by Relapse Records. Mullen and Hobbs reformed in 2003 with Smith and Derek Boyer of the bands Deeds of Flesh, in April 2004, Relapse Records released Souls to Deny. In 2007, the band was featured in The History Channels promotional video for The Dark Ages documentary, playing the song Bind, Torture, in 2008, the band signed to the German Nuclear Blast Records and released their album Blood Oath in 2009. The album charted on the US Billboard 200 at number 135, in 2009, Relapse released the live album entitled Close of a Chapter—Live in Québec City, that was previously self-released by the band in 2005. The release of a documentary film Legacy of Violence was set for 2010, in May 2010, Suffocation toured with Napalm Death in South America and Mexico.
In February,2012, Smith left the again, to be replaced by Dave Culross. In 2012, the band was inducted into the Long Island Music Hall of Fame, since after the release of Pinnacle of Bedlam in 2013, Lead vocalist Frank Mullen announced that he will retire from full-time touring with the band due to his new job. He has since replaced by various live vocal stand ins, including Bill Robinson, John Gallagher. In January 2015 Suffocation began making posts revealing that they were in the process of recording demos for a new album with a release date of late 2015. In April 2016, the ensemble toured with Soulfly, Battlecross, suffocations technical death metal style is influenced by grindcore. With their debut album, Effigy of the Forgotten, Suffocation rose to prominence of death metal and created a blueprint for the genre for the 1990s, blabbermouth. net described Suffocation as American death metals most consistent and punishing standard-bearers and their style as brutal death metal
Underground music comprises musical genres beyond mainstream culture. Any song that is not being legally commercialized is considered underground, some underground rock bands never got non-mainstream roots. They are radical, aggressive 60s bands such as Velvet Underground, The Stooges, MC5, 70s bands like The Sex Pistols, The Damned, The Clash, and 80s hardcore punk bands like Discharge. Some underground styles eventually became mainstream, commercialized pop styles, as did for example, in the 2000s, the increasing availability of the Internet and digital music technologies has made underground music easier to distribute using streaming audio and podcasts. Some experts in cultural studies now argue that there is no underground because the Internet has made what was underground music accessible to everyone at the click of a mouse. One expert, Martin Raymond, of London-based company The Future Laboratory, commented in an article in The Independent, saying trends in music, now transmitted laterally and collaboratively via the internet.
You once had a series of gatekeepers in the adoption of a trend, the innovator, the early adopter, the late adopter, the mainstream, the late mainstream. But now it goes straight from the innovator to the mainstream, frank Zappa attempted to define underground by noting that the mainstream comes to you, but you have to go to the underground. Black metal is a form of music and its Norwegian scene are notorious for their association with church burnings. All of extreme metal is considered underground music for its extreme nature, in a Counterpunch magazine article, Twiin argues that Underground music is free media, because by working independently, you can say anything in your music and be free of corporate censorship. Underground music of this type is often promoted through word-of-mouth or by community radio DJs. In the early scenes, such as the Grateful Dead jam band fan scenes or the 1970s punk scenes. In the 2000s, underground music easier to distribute, using streaming audio. A music underground can refer to the culture of music in a city.
The Kitchen is an example of what was an important New York City underground music venue in the 1960s and 1970s, CBGB is another famous New York City underground music venue claiming to be Home of Underground Rock since 1973. Independent music Underground hip hop Underground art
Aborted is a Belgian death metal band that formed in Waregem, in 1995. Although based in Belgium, Aborteds band members are from Belgium, The Netherlands, the band has released nine studio albums, four EPs and one live performance video album. Aborted was founded by the Belgian vocalist Sven de Caluwé in 1995, according to de Caluwé, the name of the band was decided to be first in the CD racks. The band subsequently released a tape and eventually were signed to Uxicon Records. Since the band has released three splits, eight albums, two EPs, and a DVD. Aborted are currently signed to Century Media Records, according to Allmusic, Aborted had grown into the role of key contributors to the death-grind genres. The band released the Coronary Reconstruction EP, on January 14,2010, on March 28,2011, de Caluwé announced that recording for Aborteds seventh studio album, Global Flatline would begin in June. The album is reported to contain fifteen tracks, Global Flatline was produced by Jacob Hansen, who previously worked with Aborted on 2003s Goremageddon, The Saw and the Carnage Done and 2004s The Haematobic EP.
On June 20,2011, the band entered Hansen Studios in Denmark with Hansen to record Global Flatline, on July 9,2011, it was confirmed that recording for Global Flatline has been completed. Confirmed guest vocalists on the album include Julien Truchan of Benighted, Keijo Niinimaa of Rotten Sound, Global Flatline was released in January 2012. A digital single of the track was released on October 25,2011. On April 29,2014, The Necrotic Manifesto was released through Century Media and charted in the USA, The Netherlands, Germany and France. On November 9,2015, Aborted has announced their new 20th anniversary EP Termination Redux to release on January 8,2016, on February 12,2016, the band announced to release their latest full-length album Retrogore on April 22,2016
The Agonist is a Canadian extreme metal band from Montreal, formed in 2004. Both Psarakis and White-Gluz use growled and clean vocals, originally known as the Tempest, the band adopted their current moniker upon their signing to Century Media in 2007. To date, the Agonist has released five albums, the latest. Touring extensively since their first album, they have shared the stage with such as Arsonists Get All the Girls, Epica. The Agonist was formed in 2004 with the line-up of Vocalist Alissa White-Gluz, Guitarist Danny Marino, the band released their first album Once Only Imagined on August 14,2007. Originally intended as a demo, the release prompted the Agonist to add metal drummer Simon McKay to the band, released August 28,2007, the video for Business Suits and Combat Boots was filmed by acclaimed director David Brodsky. The video was voted the number 6 video of the year 2007 on MTV2s Headbangers Ball, after releasing their first album, the Agonist toured with the likes of God Forbid, the Faceless, Sonata Arctica, Epica, Visions of Atlantis, and Enslaved.
One of the tours was disrupted when their equipment trailer was damaged in a blizzard in the Rocky Mountains. White-Gluz was named one of the hottest chicks in metal in the July 2007 issue of Revolver, the band released their second album, called Lullabies for the Dormant Mind, in March 2009. The mini-video for. And Their Eulogies Sang Me To Sleep off the album Lullabies for the Dormant Mind, filmed by director David Brodsky, was released April 18,2009. Shortly following this, on April 22,2009, was a video for the song Birds Elope With The Sun and their third video, for the single, Thank You Pain premiered on the Peta2 Blog on September 3,2009. The band achieved major popularity with the release of Lullabies for the Dormant Mind, the album debuted at No.105 on the Billboard Heatseeksers album charts. Vocalist Alissa White-Gluz appeared in March on Blackguards album Profugus Mortis on the song The Sword, while touring Lullabies for the Dormant Mind, the Agonist made their first trips to Mexico, Japan, China and toured Europe.
After finishing a tour with Epica and Scar Symmetry in December 2010, in late 2011, the Agonist took part in the Pandemonium over North America tour with Kamelot and Blackguard. While on tour, the band sold an EP entitled The Escape which showcased two tracks scheduled to appear on the bands third full-length album and it was mixed by Tue Madsen who is known for his work with the Haunted, Dark Tranquillity and Suicide Silence. The Escape was available on iTunes and through pre-order from CM Distro from September 3. Vocalist Alissa White-Gluz told metalconcerts. net that the music has become more mature. She elaborated by saying there are more classic influences like Pantera and she told Lithium Magazine that the record could be good for someone with an open mind musical taste, or bad for someone who only likes Thank You, Pain
Gorguts is a Canadian technical death metal band from Sherbrooke, formed in 1989. The band has been through many changes since its inception, and its only constant member has been guitarist and vocalist Luc Lemay. To date they have released five albums and one EP. Their most recent release is the EP Pleiades Dust, released on May 13,2016 and their latest full-length album Colored Sands was released in 2013 and was nominated for a Juno Award. Musically the band is known for its complex, musically dense form of death metal, and has become one of the most advanced, experimental. Gorguts was formed in 1989 by Luc Lemay, Sylvain Marcoux, Éric Giguère and they released their first demo. And Then Comes Lividity, in 1990 which led them to be signed to Roadrunner Records. Their first album, Considered Dead, had guest appearances by James Murphy, in 1993, they released their second album The Erosion of Sanity, which was more experimental and technical than Considered Dead. However, this coincided with the decline of death metals popularity as a genre, the band ceased performing for five years, with many fans believing that they had broken up.
In fact, the writing for the album had been completed by the end of 1993. Lemay, the remaining original member, returned in 1998 on Olympic Recordings with a new line-up consisting of Steeve Hurdle, Steve Cloutier. Under this lineup released their third full-length album, Obscura. After Obscura, Hurdle left and was replaced by Dan Mongrain of the technical death band Martyr, Gorguts next album, From Wisdom to Hate, was released in 2001. This album is stylistically a mix between the albums and Obscura. Steve MacDonald, who had a history of recurrent depression, committed suicide in 2002, which eventually led to the split-up of Gorguts in 2005. In an interview, Lemay said that When I decided to end the band in 2002 or 2003…after Steve MacDonald passed away, I was done with music and I wanted to devote myself to woodworking full time. I was very happy with all the achievements that the band accomplished so it was all good for me…. no bitterness, Lemay moved away from Montreal, because I was done living there.
I wanted to be closer to where I was raised and be closer to nature in a way, after Steve’s death I wasn’t interested in playing music anymore. I was very content with the legacy of the band at that point
Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia. Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, yet the non-oceanic borders of Europe—a concept dating back to classical antiquity—are arbitrary. Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres, or 2% of the Earths surface, Europe is divided into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a population of about 740 million as of 2015. Further from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast, Europe, in particular ancient Greece, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire, during the period, marked the end of ancient history. Renaissance humanism, exploration and science led to the modern era, from the Age of Discovery onwards, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. Between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at times the Americas, most of Africa, Oceania.
The Industrial Revolution, which began in Great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to economic and social change in Western Europe. During the Cold War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the west and the Warsaw Pact in the east, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall. In 1955, the Council of Europe was formed following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill and it includes all states except for Belarus and Vatican City. Further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European Union, the EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. The European Anthem is Ode to Joy and states celebrate peace, in classical Greek mythology, Europa is the name of either a Phoenician princess or of a queen of Crete. The name contains the elements εὐρύς, broad and ὤψ eye, broad has been an epithet of Earth herself in the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European religion and the poetry devoted to it.
For the second part the divine attributes of grey-eyed Athena or ox-eyed Hera. The same naming motive according to cartographic convention appears in Greek Ανατολή, Martin Litchfield West stated that phonologically, the match between Europas name and any form of the Semitic word is very poor. Next to these there is a Proto-Indo-European root *h1regʷos, meaning darkness. Most major world languages use words derived from Eurṓpē or Europa to refer to the continent, in some Turkic languages the originally Persian name Frangistan is used casually in referring to much of Europe, besides official names such as Avrupa or Evropa
Sweden, officially the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and Finland to the east, at 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the third-largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of 10.0 million. Sweden consequently has a low density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre. Approximately 85% of the lives in urban areas. Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats/Götar and Swedes/Svear, Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested. Sweden is part of the area of Fennoscandia. The climate is in very mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence. Today, Sweden is a monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state. The capital city is Stockholm, which is the most populous city in the country, legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister, Sweden is a unitary state, currently divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities.
Sweden emerged as an independent and unified country during the Middle Ages, in the 17th century, it expanded its territories to form the Swedish Empire, which became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were gradually lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, the last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union. Since then, Sweden has been at peace, maintaining a policy of neutrality in foreign affairs. The union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905, leading to Swedens current borders, though Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars, Sweden engaged in humanitarian efforts, such as taking in refugees from German-occupied Europe. After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995 and it is a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides health care. The modern name Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod and this word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas. The Swedish name Sverige literally means Realm of the Swedes, excluding the Geats in Götaland, the etymology of Swedes, and thus Sweden, is generally not agreed upon but may derive from Proto-Germanic Swihoniz meaning ones own, referring to ones own Germanic tribe
Grave is a Swedish death metal band that was formed in 1988 by vocalist and guitarist Ola Lindgren, who is their only constant member. The band had success in the early 1990s, and their first four albums, Into the Grave. Soulless and Hating Life, cemented their reputation as one of Swedens foremost death metal bands, Grave went on hiatus in 1997, but got back together two years later. Since then, they have released seven albums, making a total of eleven studio albums. Along with Dismember and Unleashed, Grave is considered one of the big four of Swedish death metal, the band started in 1986 under the name Corpse and changed it to Grave in 1988. They recorded various demos from 1986 to 1991, and recorded some singles and their debut full-length album Into the Grave was released in 1991. The release led to a European and American tour, in 1992, the band released their second album Youll Never See. which was a continuation of the style featured on their debut. However, bassist Jonas Torndal left the band as a result of his dislike for touring.
After unsuccessfully trying to find a replacement, the made a decision to become a trio. A European tour followed with compatriots Dismember and headliner Morbid Angel, the bands third album, 1994s Soulless, showed a somewhat different style, blending more experimental and industrial tones into the death metal of the previous album. Sandström departed in 1996, and Lindgren took over the vocals on their fourth album Hating Life and this album progressed further into the style started on Soulless. Another European and American tour followed, which resulted in the live album Extremely Rotten Live, the band more or less split up. 1999 was the first year the members rejoined and started rehearsing, ultimately this led to a warm-up European tour and a new album in 2002. Back from the Grave was a return to the featured on their second album. As a bonus, a CD containing three demo recordings was included with the album, the 2004 album Fiendish Regression saw the departure of drummer Paulsson, who was replaced by Coercion drummer Pelle Ekegren.
This album showcased more aggressive and generally somewhat faster songs, touring followed through Europe in conjunction with the Canadian band Cryptopsy. Two years in 2006, As Rapture Comes was released, further increasing the overall speed, noteworthy is the inclusion of the Alice in Chains cover of Them Bones. In support of the album the band toured with Dismember, Vital Remains, Demiricous, in November 2006 they toured Europe as part of the Masters of Death tour, with Unleashed, Dismember and Exterminator
Japan is a sovereign island nation in Eastern Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asia Mainland and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea, the kanji that make up Japans name mean sun origin. 日 can be read as ni and means sun while 本 can be read as hon, or pon, Japan is often referred to by the famous epithet Land of the Rising Sun in reference to its Japanese name. Japan is an archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands. The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido and Shikoku, the country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions. Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one, the population of 127 million is the worlds tenth largest. Japanese people make up 98. 5% of Japans total population, approximately 9.1 million people live in the city of Tokyo, the capital of Japan. Archaeological research indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, the first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD.
Influence from other regions, mainly China, followed by periods of isolation, from the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shoguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a period of isolation in the early 17th century. The Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japan is a member of the UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, the country has the worlds third-largest economy by nominal GDP and the worlds fourth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It is the worlds fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer, although Japan has officially renounced its right to declare war, it maintains a modern military with the worlds eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan is a country with a very high standard of living. Its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and the third lowest infant mortality rate in the world, in ancient China, Japan was called Wo 倭.
It was mentioned in the third century Chinese historical text Records of the Three Kingdoms in the section for the Wei kingdom, Wa became disliked because it has the connotation of the character 矮, meaning dwarf. The 倭 kanji has been replaced with the homophone Wa, meaning harmony, the Japanese word for Japan is 日本, which is pronounced Nippon or Nihon and literally means the origin of the sun. The earliest record of the name Nihon appears in the Chinese historical records of the Tang dynasty, at the start of the seventh century, a delegation from Japan introduced their country as Nihon
Once Was Not
Once Was Not is the fifth album by Canadian technical death metal band Cryptopsy. Once Was Not is the first album to feature original vocalist Lord Worm since 1996s None So Vile and it is the first album not to feature original guitarist Jon Levasseur. A digipack edition was released, limited to 10,000 copies, a video was filmed for the track The Pestilence That Walketh in Darkness. E. Nastasi – mastering Sébastien Marsan – production, mixing Filip Ivanovic – booklet cover, back cover illustrations