Coyuca de Catalán (municipality)
Coyuca de Catalán is one of the 81 municipalities of Guerrero, in south-western Mexico. The municipal seat lies at Coyuca de Catalán; the municipality covers an area of 921.9 km². As of 2005, the municipality had a total population of 41,975. In 2005 there were 376 settlements; the largest are as follows
Mexico the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States. Covering 2,000,000 square kilometres, the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity, the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Puebla, Tijuana and León. Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of five cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec and Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its politically powerful base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain.
Three centuries the territory became a nation state following its recognition in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. The post-independence period was tumultuous, characterized by economic inequality and many contrasting political changes; the Mexican–American War led to a territorial cession of the extant northern territories to the United States. The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires, the Porfiriato occurred in the 19th century; the Porfiriato was ended by the start of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system as a federal, democratic republic. Mexico has the 11th largest by purchasing power parity; the Mexican economy is linked to those of its 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement partners the United States. In 1994, Mexico became the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, it is classified as an upper-middle income country by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country by several analysts.
The country is considered both a regional power and a middle power, is identified as an emerging global power. Due to its rich culture and history, Mexico ranks first in the Americas and seventh in the world for number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Mexico is an ecologically megadiverse country, ranking fourth in the world for its biodiversity. Mexico receives a huge number of tourists every year: in 2018, it was the sixth most-visited country in the world, with 39 million international arrivals. Mexico is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G8+5, the G20, the Uniting for Consensus group of the UN, the Pacific Alliance trade bloc. Mēxihco is the Nahuatl term for the heartland of the Aztec Empire, namely the Valley of Mexico and surrounding territories, with its people being known as the Mexica, it is believed to be a toponym for the valley which became the primary ethnonym for the Aztec Triple Alliance as a result, although it could have been the other way around.
In the colonial era, back when Mexico was called New Spain this territory became the Intendency of Mexico and after New Spain achieved independence from the Spanish Empire it came to be known as the State of Mexico with the new country being named after its capital: the City of Mexico, which itself was founded in 1524 on top of the ancient Mexica capital of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. Traditionally, the name Tenochtitlan was thought to come from Nahuatl tetl and nōchtli and is thought to mean "Among the prickly pears rocks". However, one attestation in the late 16th-century manuscript known as "the Bancroft dialogues" suggests the second vowel was short, so that the true etymology remains uncertain; the suffix -co is the Nahuatl locative, making the word a place name. Beyond that, the etymology is uncertain, it has been suggested that it is derived from Mextli or Mēxihtli, a secret name for the god of war and patron of the Mexica, Huitzilopochtli, in which case Mēxihco means "place where Huitzilopochtli lives".
Another hypothesis suggests that Mēxihco derives from a portmanteau of the Nahuatl words for "moon" and navel. This meaning might refer to Tenochtitlan's position in the middle of Lake Texcoco; the system of interconnected lakes, of which Texcoco formed the center, had the form of a rabbit, which the Mesoamericans pareidolically associated with the moon rabbit. Still another hypothesis suggests that the word is derived from Mēctli, the name of the goddess of maguey; the name of the city-state was transliterated to Spanish as México with the phonetic value of the letter x in Medieval Spanish, which represented the voiceless postalveolar fricative. This sound, as well as the voiced postalveolar fricative, represented by a j, evolved into a voiceless velar fricative during the 16th century; this led to the use of the variant Méjico in many publications in Spanish, most notably in Spain, whereas in Mexico and most other Spanish–speaking countries, México was the preferred spelling. In recent years, the Real Academia Española, which regulates the Spanish l
Coyuca de Catalán
Coyuca de Catalán is a city and seat of the municipality of Coyuca de Catalán, in the state of Guerrero, south-western Mexico. Called Coyuca, the town was named Coyuca de Catalán in honour of Nicolás Catalán, son of Antonia Nava de Catalán, who lost his life there during an action in the Mexican War of Independence. Pineda, Guerrero
Cuajinicuilapa Municipality is one of the 81 municipalities of Guerrero, in south-western Mexico. The municipal seat lies at Cuajinicuilapa; the municipality covers an area of 857.1 km². As of 2005, the municipality had a total population of 25,537. According to data provided by the XII General Census of 2000 documenting Population and Housing carried out by the National Institute of Geographic Statistics and Informatics, there are three main ethnic groups in the municipality: whites, indigenous Mexicans and blacks, which by intermarriage have formed the current phenotypical characteristics of some of the Cuajinicuilapa population, it is possible to distinguish some small numbers of Indians in the town of Cuajinicuilapa. According to INEGI there are around 1,170 indigenous people in this town, representing 4.56% on the total municipal population whose languages are amusgo with 297 speakers, Mixtec with 211 speakers, Nahuatl with 5, Tlapanecos with 22, Zapotec with 2. There are whites and other native Indian newcomers to the municipality who are traders and merchants.
Some residents of the municipality have distinct Negroid features which in colonial days were called "mulatos pardos" denoting their negroid admixture. As seat, the town of Cuajinicuilapa is the local government for ninety communities, which together cover an area of 715km2; the municipality borders the municipalities of Azoyú, Juchitán and Marquelia with the Pacific Ocean to the south and west and the state of Oaxaca to the east. It has 41 primary schools, 14 middle schools and three public high schools. There is a vocational school and a high school run by the Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero; the main roads of the municipality are Highway 200 connecting Acapulco and Pinotepa Nacional and the local road connecting Cuajinicuilapa with Punta Maldonado. The rest of the communities are connected by dirt roads. One notable Afro-Mexican community outside the seat is San Nicolás; the residents here have a reputation for festivities and dancing. It is said that people have gotten ill and died after parties called fandangos, which can last for up to three days.
The Playa de Tierra Colorada is located in the community of the same name located between Punta Maldonado and the Barra de Tecoanapa. The area was declared an ecological reserve by the municipality in 1986 because it is a breeding area for marine turtles as well as its rich vegetation. Punta Maldonado is a small cape, the furthest point east of the state of Guerrero, it is an important fishing port of rock lobster as well as its large Afro-Mexican population. The men go out to sea at night to fish in shifts, it has a small antique lighthouse near the border with Oaxaca. The Santo Domingo lagoon has a wide variety of fish and birds among its mangroves. Near Santo Domingo is the Barra del Pío, it is inhabited only during certain fishing seasons, with houses here that are abandoned during other times of the year. Cuajinicuilapa is located on what was once the Ayacastla province, stretching from the river Ayutla all the way to the plains that share borders with the states of Guerrero and Oaxaca, was integrated with people of different ethnic and language groups such as: Ayutla Xochitonala, Acatlan Cuauhtepec and the Tlacuilo had the language of the Mixtec.
Nahuatl was the majority. Igualapa and Ometepec spoke ayacasteca, but understood amusga speaking individuals; this language was peculiar to Ayotzinapa and Xochistlahuaca. They formed part of the province of Huehuetán which spoke Huehueteca; the Quetzapotla, spoke Quahuitlán spoke quahuteca. Cuajinicuilapa lies in what was Quahhuitlán, an area thirty miles wide and fifty miles long, situated on the dividing line between the town now called Cuajinicuilapa and the State of Oaxaca. Quahuitlán was subject to the chieftainship of Tututepec. In 1824, when Mexico first became a Federal Republic, Cuajinicuilapa belonged to the party of Ayutla and to the District of Tlapa in the State of Puebla. By creating the state of Guerrero in 1850 Cuajiniculapa was integrated to the municipality of Ometepec and the District of Allende in 1852 and was constituted as a town with the southern part of Ometepec and was integrated to San Nicolás Maldonado, the municipal head of Cuajinicuilapa which since 1862 belongs to Abasolo district
Atenango del Río (municipality)
Atenango del Río is one of the 81 municipalities of Guerrero, in south-western Mexico. The municipal seat lies at Atenango del Río; the municipality covers an area of 398.8 km². As of 2005, the municipality had a total population of 7,648
Chilapa de Álvarez
Chilapa de Álvarez, informally known as Chilapa, is located in Chilapa de Álvarez Municipality in the Mexican state of Guerrero 54 kilometers east of state capital Chilpancingo. It is a old town; the Spanish designated the town as Chilapa de Santa Maria de Asuncion in 1522, in the late 19th century it was renamed Chilapa de Álvarez in honor of Mexican president Juan Álvarez. Traces of human occupation in the area date to at least 1200 BC. Chilapa is noted for Aztec market. Local culinary specialities of Chilapa are pozole, pan de chilapa bread, homemade mezcal; the municipal cathedral has a mechanical figurine of Juan Diego, who appears at a window in the cathedral spire and drops rose petals onto the plaza below. Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México - Chilapa de Álvarez Web page with many photos of Chilapa de Alvarez - Chilapa Web