China Relief Expedition Medal
The China Relief Expedition Medal was a decoration of the United States military, issued to members of both the United States Navy and the United States Marines for service in the China Relief Expedition between 1900 and 1901 during the Boxer Rebellion. The medal was authorized by General Orders of the Department of the Navy on June 27, 1908. General Order 81 established the medal authorized for Naval personnel while General Order 82 authorized the medal for the Marine Corps. To be awarded the China Relief Expedition Medal, a service member was required to perform duty within the borders of China as part of the China Relief Expedition; the eligibility dates of the China Relief Expedition Medal were from May 24, 1900 to May 17, 1901. The medal was issued as a one time award and there were no devices authorized for multiple bestowals; the United States Army equivalent of the China Relief Expedition Medal was the China Campaign Medal. A similar medal, known as the China Service Medal was authorized by the Navy in 1941.
The ribbon of the Navy and Marine Corps version of the medal bore a yellow and black motif. The colors were changed in 1915 to yellow and blue to correspond with those of the U. S. Army medal issued for similar service; the first 400 medals struck bear the date "1901." The die in use became replaced with a re-engraved die. This one, had the date "1900" which appears on all subsequent copies. List of military decorations Awards and decorations of the United States military "China Relief Expeditionary Medal". Naval Historical Center. 13 June 1998. Retrieved 2007-10-17
USS Minneapolis (C-13)
The first USS Minneapolis was a United States Navy Columbia-class protected cruiser. She was named for the city of Minnesota. Minneapolis was laid down 16 December 1891 by Philadelphia. Assigned to the North Atlantic Squadron, the new cruiser took part in maneuvers and cruises along the eastern seaboard and in the West Indies until she was assigned to the European Squadron 27 November 1895, arriving Gibraltar, 13 December. After cruising in the Mediterranean Sea, she visited Kronstadt, Russia, 13 May to 19 June, as flagship of Rear Admiral Thomas O. Selfridge, Jr. representing the United States at the coronation of Czar Nicholas II. Following visits to principal ports of northern Europe, she returned to Greece, she arrived at Philadelphia 6 July. The next day, she was placed in reserve at Philadelphia. Upon outbreak of the Spanish–American War, Minneapolis was assigned to the Northern Patrol Squadron operating along the north Atlantic coast of the United States. In April 1898, she was dispatched for scouting duty in the West Indies, searching for Admiral Cervera's fleet as far as the coast of Venezuela, returning to Santiago de Cuba, 19 May 1898, en route to Key West, Florida.
She decommissioned at Philadelphia 18 August 1898 and remained in ordinary in League Island Navy Yard until recommissioned as a receiving ship, 23 April 1902. She again decommissioned at League Island Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 2 June 1903 and recommissioned 5 October 1903, she took part in the Louisiana Purchase Celebration at New Orleans, Louisiana from 16 to 28 December, spent much of the next year cruising the West Indies. Minneapolis arrived New London, Connecticut 23 May 1905 to participate in the unveiling of the John Winthrop Monument was assigned to a Special Service Squadron with collier Caesar and screw steamer Dixie, under the command of Rear Admiral Colby Mitchell Chester, to make astronomical and other scientific observations off the coast of Spain and Africa, she sailed from New York 3 July 1905 and arrived at Gibraltar on the 17th, carrying scientists to observe the solar eclipse, 30 August 1905. She departed the Mediterranean 10 November 1905 and sailed via France and England to the United States arriving Hampton Roads, 23 December.
She was at Annapolis, Maryland, 20 April to 5 May 1906, for ceremonies commemorating the arrival of the body of John Paul Jones, after taking midshipmen on a practice cruise, conducted training cruises for men of the naval militias of New York and Connecticut. She decommissioned at Philadelphia on 7 November 1906 and remained in ordinary until the United States entered World War I. Recommissioned 2 July 1917, Minneapolis got underway from Philadelphia 15 September for Hampton Roads, departed that base 26 October for Colon, Panama Canal Zone, where she joined British transports Arawa and Corinthia; the vessels sailed from Colon 6 November and steamed by way of Hampton Roads to Halifax, Nova Scotia. The cruiser continued to operate along the Atlantic coast until assigned to transatlantic convoy duty 24 February 1918. During the next 8 months, she made four escort voyages, departing New York and sailing to ocean rendezvous where the convoys were turned over to British destroyers. On her last voyage, she departed New York on 9 October as escort for a convoy to Sydney, Nova Scotia, returned to New York, 19 October.
Minneapolis was assigned to the Pacific Station as flagship, arriving in San Diego, California on 7 February 1919. She was decommissioned at the Mare Island Navy Yard two years on 15 March 1921, sold on 5 August 1921, her only surviving parts, the mast and bell, are preserved on the northeastern shore of Bde Maka Ska near Lake Street in Minneapolis. The ship's wheel was preserved, but was stolen; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here. Media related to USS Minneapolis at Wikimedia Commons Photo gallery of USS Minneapolis at NavSource Naval History hazegray.org: USS Minneapolis
USS Paducah (PG-18)
USS Paducah was a Dubuque-class gunboat acquired by the US Navy prior to World War I. Her task was to patrol and protect Navy ships. Paducah was launched 11 October 1904, by Gas Engine and Power Co. and Charles L. Seabury Co. Morris Heights, New York. Albert G. Winterhalter in command, she was reclassified AG–7 in 1919. After shakedown, Paducah joined the Caribbean Squadron early in 1906 to protect American lives and interests through patrols and port calls to Caribbean and Central American and South American cities, she patrolled Mexican waters in the aftermath of the Vera Cruz incident through the summer of 1914 returned to her Caribbean operations, performing surveys from time to time. Paducah was ordered north to prepare at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, for European service in World War I, for which she sailed from New York 29 September 1917, she reached Gibraltar 27 October, based there as convoy escort to North Africa, the Azores, Madeira. She attacked a U-boat 9 September 1918 after it had sunk one of her convoy, was credited with damaging the submarine.
Leaving Gibraltar 11 December, Paducah reached Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 7 January 1919 to decommission 2 March 1919. She again recommissioned 16 August 1920 through 9 September 1921 for survey duty in the Caribbean. Paducah was commissioned a third time 2 May 1922 for duty training Naval Reservists in the 9th Naval District, she arrived Duluth, Minnesota, 20 June, replacing the USS Essex which became a receiving ship. These training missions included regular two-week cruises, gunnery practice on Lake Michigan. In addition to regular duties, the ship was used for miscellaneous ceremonial purposes, assisted in the fight against a fire on Isle Royale, assisted with rescue work when the Mississippi River flooded. Paducah was modified in the early 1930s to run on oil-fired boilers; the triple expansion engines were installed, with aft. Additional modifications included hammock berthing on a new boat deck, a sheltered main deck between the quarterdeck and the pilot house. Paducah returned to the U.
S. East Coast in early 1941, through World War II, trained Naval Armed Guard gunners in Chesapeake Bay, thus giving vital service to the Merchant Marine’s crucial World War II assignment. Decommissioning 7 September 1945, Paducah transferred to the Maritime Commission 19 December 1946, was sold the same day to Maria Angelo, Florida. After she was sold in Miami, the ship was obtained by the Israeli group Haganah and renamed Geula, meaning "Redemption". A volunteer American crew sailed her to Bayonne and from there to Bulgaria. Geula embarked 1,388 Jewish refugees and, led by former Spanish Republican Navy commander Miguel Buiza, the ship tried to run the British blockade and bring the refugees to Palestine, she was intercepted on 2 October 1947 and brought to Haifa, where she was left with other captured "illegal" immigrant ships. Because she was a former naval vessel the newly formed Israeli Navy examined her in 1948 for possible service, but she was not in good shape and was not accepted for service.
She was refurbished sufficiently to sail as an Israeli merchant vessel and made one trip in late 1948 from Haifa to Naples, Italy. There she was tied up and sold for scrap in 1951. Cuban Pacification Medal Mexican Service Medal World War I Victory Medal American Defense Service Medal American Campaign Medal World War II Victory Medal This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here. USS Paducah NavSource Online: Gunboat Photo Archive - Paducah - ex-IX-23 - ex-AG-7 - ex-Gunboat No. 18