Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve
Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve is a 241 acres regional park and nature reserve in the Berkeley Hills, in the eastern East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area of California. It is within Contra Costa Counties, it is a park within the East Bay Regional Parks District system. The Preserve is named after the California Huckleberry; the Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve is on the crest of the Oakland Hills, located above Oakland and Orinda. It represents a relic plant association found only in certain areas along the coastal climate region of California, where specific soil and climatic conditions still exist, it is a diverse botanical area for native plants of the mixed evergreen forest and montane chaparral and woodlands ecoregions and plant communities. Trails connect the preserve with Robert Sibley Volcanic Preserve on the north, Redwood Regional Park on the south; the Huckleberry Trail is a 1.7 miles self-guided nature path. Besides the California Huckleberry, other plants include the Golden chinquapin, California Bay and Coast live oak woodlands.
The park is open year-round, between 10:00 PM daily, unless otherwise posted. No dogs are permitted in the park because of the sensitive plant habitat. There are no reservable campgrounds or picnic sites. Parking is free. California mixed evergreen forest List of California native plants Vaccinium ovatum Official Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve website
Castro Valley, California
Castro Valley is a census-designated place in Alameda County, United States. As of the 2010 census, it is the fifth most populous unincorporated area in California and the twenty-third most populous in the United States; the population was 61,388 at the 2010 census. Castro Valley is named after Don Guillermo Castro, a soldier in the Mexican army and a rancher. First known for chicken ranches, Castro Valley became a bedroom community. Before the arrival of European settlers the area was settled by the Chocheño subdivision of the Ohlone Native Americans. With the arrival of Europeans, Castro Valley was part of the land granted to Mission San Jose in 1797; the area Castro Valley now occupies was part of the extensive colony of New Spain in what was the state of Alta California. Castro Valley was part of the original 28,000 acre land grant given to Castro in 1840, called Rancho San Lorenzo; this land grant included Hayward, San Lorenzo, Castro Valley, including Crow Canyon, Cull Canyon, Palomares Canyons.
Castro had to sell off portions of his land to pay gambling debts. The last of his holding was sold in a sheriff's sale in 1864 to Faxon Atherton for $400,000. Atherton in turn began selling off his portion in smaller parcels. Two gentlemen named Cull and Luce bought some 2,400 acres and began running a steam-operated saw mill in Redwood Canyon; the Jensen brothers bought land from Atherton in 1867. In 1866, Redwood school was built, the first public school in the area. Many Portuguese families immigrated to the surrounding canyons and farmed large amounts of land, where their descendants remain today. In the 1870s, Lake Chabot, a reservoir and popular park, was built by Chinese laborers living at Camp Yema-Po. During the 1940s and 1950s, Castro Valley was known for its chicken ranches, it developed into a bedroom community, where workers live and commute to their jobs in the surrounding communities. Lake Chabot lies in the northwest part of Castro Valley. Directly to the west is San Leandro. Hayward is to the south.
Dublin and San Ramon are to the east. The eastern hills of Castro Valley constitute the headwaters of the San Lorenzo Creek watershed and the origin of several creeks that flow into San Lorenzo Creek: Bolinas, Castro Valley, Crow, Eden, Kelly Canyon and Palomares Creeks; the 2010 United States Census reported that 61,388 people, 22,348 households, 16,112 families resided in the CDP. The population density was 3,690.3 people per square mile. There were 23,392 housing units at an average density of 1,382.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 58.0% White, 6.9% African American, 0.5% Native American, 21.4% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 6.1% from other races, 6.3% from two or more races. 17.4% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. The Census reported that 98.0% of the population lived in households, 0.4% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 1.5% were institutionalized. There were 22,348 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 54.3% were opposite-sex married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present.
5.0% of households were unmarried opposite-sex partnerships and 1.0% were same-sex married couples or partnerships. 21.7% of households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.15. The population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 7.6% aged 18 to 24, 24.5% aged 25 to 44, 31.1% aged 45 to 64, 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males. There were 23,392 housing units, of which 22,348 were occupied, of which 69.0% were owner-occupied and 31.0% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%. 68.8% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 29.2% lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 57,292 people, 21,606 households, 15,016 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 3,971.6 people per square mile.
There were 22,003 housing units at an average density of 1,525.3 per square mile. There were 21,606 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.5% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.05. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $76,197, the median income for a family was $91,713 as of a 2008 estimate. About 2.7% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.
The economy of Castro Valley consists of the provision of goods and services for local residents. Being a residential community, only about 5% of the area has bee
Lake Chabot Regional Park
Lake Chabot Regional Park is a regional park located in the southern Berkeley Hills in Alameda County, California. It is part of the East Bay Regional Parks system. Lake Chabot is a reservoir located in the park; the northern part of the lake and park lie within the boundary of the City of Oakland, while the southern part lies in an unincorporated area of Alameda County adjacent to Castro Valley and San Leandro. The dam and reservoir's water are part of the East Bay Municipal Utility District water system. Lake Chabot Official Lake Chabot Regional Park website EBMUD official website
Claremont Canyon Regional Preserve
Claremont Canyon Regional Preserve is a small regional park located in the city of Oakland and administered by the East Bay Regional Park District. The park is named for the canyon in which it's situated, Claremont Canyon, out of which Claremont Creek flows on its way to its confluence with Temescal Creek; the canyon was named "Harwood's Canyon" "Telegraph Canyon". The name was changed to Claremont by a developer of the nearby Claremont district; the land now called Claremont Canyon was part of an 1820 Spanish land grant called Rancho San Antonio. It was used as a transportation route by Americans from the eastern United States who wished to settle in the area, dubbed California. In 1858, a transcontinental telegraph line was built through the canyon. Starting in the 1860s, the "Pony Express" carried mail through the canyon to and from the Eastern part of the United States. EBRPD first bought an 80 acres parcel of surplus state land east of the U. C. Berkeley campus in 1978, it acquired some more acreage in the immediate area from several individuals.
It bought a 64 acres parcel in Gwin Canyon. These acquisitions were combined to become Claremont Canyon Regional Preserve. Despite its small size of 205 acres, Claremont Canyon Regional Preserve forms an important link in the chain of parks that line the Berkeley Hills, it rises from a height of about 420 ft above sea level, just behind the Clark Kerr campus of the University of California, Berkeley to the average 1300 ft ridge of the East Bay hills, linking by way of other conserved land belonging to the University and the East Bay Municipal Utility District to other parks such as Tilden Regional Park and Sibley Volcanic Regional Preserve. It thus offers direct pedestrian access to the park system, with connections to public transportation, from the lower-lying residential areas of Berkeley and Oakland; the Preserve is undeveloped and offers no amenities to visitors other than two hiking trails: Stonewall Panoramic Trail and Gwin Canyon Trail. The Stonewall Panoramic Trail begins at a parking area on Stonewall Road, behind the historic Claremont Hotel.
The trail is ascends 700 feet. The steep path up to the ridge gives splendid views across the cities of Berkeley and Oakland, beyond to San Francisco Bay, the Golden Gate Bridge and San Francisco. On clear days in winter, the Farallon Islands, about 44 miles away, can be seen beyond the Golden Gate. Within the Preserve is a side canyon called Gwin Canyon with a 2-mile trail accessible from the end of Norfolk Road near Strathmoor Drive in the Oakland Hills; the trail ends just 0.6 miles from the trailhead. While the upper reaches of Claremont Canyon are technically outside the Preserve, there are an additional 225 acres of open space contiguous to it owned and managed by the University of California. A local non-profit citizens' organization, the Claremont Canyon Conservancy, works with the public landowners offering stewardship services and educational programs. There is little public parking available either within or near the Preserve. Street parking is prohibited. Visitors are encouraged to use mass transit to reach the UC Berkeley campus enter the Preserve by hiking.
Claremont Shale — Miocene epoch geologic formation in area. Claremont, Oakland/Berkeley, California Claremont Canyon Regional Reserve official web page
Mission Peak Regional Preserve is a public park east of Fremont, operated by the East Bay Regional Park District. It is the northern summit on a ridge that includes Monument Peak. Mission Peak has symbolic importance, is depicted on the logo of the City of Fremont; this park borders and overlooks Silicon Valley, is popular with local hikers, sightseers from the Bay Area, tourists from beyond for its vista and strenuous climb. The "Mission Peeker" marker pole at the summit is the most famous and geo-tagged landmark in the City of Fremont: a stream of sightseers takes photographs alongside the landmark; the Stanford Avenue entrance receives up to two thousand visitors per day on weekends. Visitor numbers surged after 2010, it is the most popular attraction in Fremont. A full six-mile round-trip ascent on a popular trail takes two to five hours for walkers, one to one-and-a-half hours for bicyclists and runners. Difficulty with the midday sun, such as dehydration, is common. Guidelines recommend carrying two liters of water per person, extra water for dogs, sun protection.
Signs prohibit off-trail shortcuts which can cause erosion, some shortcuts have barbed wire fencing to reduce trespassing. Three trails climb the mountain's western faces; the Hidden Valley Trail which draws the lion's share of visitors and the Peak Meadow Trail both ascend the western face from Stanford Avenue. They have an elevation change of 2,100 ft, with panoramic views of the Bay Area but are sun exposed with little shade; the Stanford Avenue entrance restrooms. No food, water bottles or supplies are sold at the park; the Park District is directing visitors to the Mission Peak Trail. This has an elevation change of 2,100 ft, is 10% longer than the Hidden Valley Trail; the Peak Trail entrance has a water fountain. Paid parking at Ohlone College is not congested, nor are the miles-long pedestrian trails inside the park proper. Most access the park from one of two nearby freeways, 680 and 880; the Warm Springs BART station, AC Transit buses offer service to Ohlone College and the intersection of Mission Blvd.
The two least popular approaches originate from Sunol Regional Wilderness and Ed R. Levin County Park in Milpitas; the Sunol route climbs 2,200 ft over five miles, a gentler grade than Hidden Valley Trail which climbs 2,100 ft over three miles. The Levin County Park route first climbs 2,200 ft from the Park HQ to Monument Peak over three miles, from there Mission Peak is another three miles to the north along a flat trail; this route passes beside the tallest of the three peaks. Mount Allison is about 170 ft higher than Mission Peak, but not open to the public. Monument Peak is 2,594 ft. Depending on weather conditions, Bay Area peaks including Mount Diablo, Mount Hamilton, Mount Tamalpais can be seen. Furthermore, the peak provides good views of Oakland, San Jose, San Francisco and Newark. On clear days, the Sierra Nevada range are visible 100 miles to the east. Mission Peak connects to a network of regional trails and contains part of the Bay Area Ridge Trail, under construction and has gaps to the north of Mission Peak.
The Eagle Spring Backpack campsite is just east of the summit. Sculptor and park ranger Leonard Page along with a crew of six erected the iconic "Mission Peeker" on December 27, 1990; the pole is over six feet in height, the foundation is two feet deep with 120 pounds of concrete. The sculptor's purpose was to promote environmental awareness. Sealed inside the steel tube are a crystal with traditional cultural uses, an Ohlone charmstone replica, a bottle of 1990 zinfandel wine whose yeast overshoot represents world population trends, five time capsules with articles and photographs; the time capsules were intended to be opened in a century or more, after 2090, focus on rainforest preservation, AIDS, homelessness. They offer images from popular culture of Bart Simpson, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Gary Larsen's Far Side cartoons; the cultural meaning of monuments change, the use of this artifact has evolved over a quarter century. Though designed in 1988 as an "interpretive post", with sight tubes pointing to other Bay Area landmarks and cities, the "peeker" function has since been rendered archaic and its environmental message is not known.
The marker now functions as a standalone cultural monument, draws thousands of weekly sightseers and tourists that make it the most photographed artifact in southern Alameda County and the top tourist attraction in Fremont. Snapchat has a geofilter image of the pole representing Fremont; the pole has become a contested cultural symbol. In 2014, iconoclastic local residents, the Recreation Department of the City of Fremont and the Stewardship Division of EBRPD discussed razing the landmark to dissuade sightseers. Controversy surrounds access to Mission Peak. Parking is congested near the free 40-space Stanford Avenue lot. Most visitors enter there, the congestion spills over to nearby public streets on weekends; the East Bay Regional Park District cut park service hours by 30% in late 2014, in part to divert visitors away from the Stanford Avenue entrance. The Stanford opening was delayed to 6:30 am instead of the former 5:00 am, generating a crowd of sunrise viewers who assemble at the gate before it opens on weekends.
In 2015 they discussed further restrictions including a per person daily use fee, parking permits to restrict public street parking while favoring local residents