Data based decision making or data driven decision making refers to educator’s ongoing process of collecting and analyzing different types of data, including demographic, student achievement test, process data to guide decisions towards improvement of educational process. DDDM becomes more important in education since federal and state test-based accountability policies. No Child Left Behind Act opens broader opportunities and incentives in using data by educational organizations by requiring schools and districts to analyze additional components of data, as well as pressing them to increase student test scores. Information makes schools accountable for year by year improvement various student groups. DDDM helps to recognize the problem and, affected by the problem. DDDM requires high-quality data and technical assistance. Data management techniques can improve learning in schools. Test scores are used by many principals to identify “bubble kids”, students whose results are just below proficiency level in reading and mathematics.
There are 4 major types of data used in education: demographics data, perceptions data, student learning data, school processes data.1. Demographics data in educational organizations answers the question, "Who are we?". Demographics shows the trends. Trends help to predict and plan for the future, along with seeing measures where leaders work towards continuous school improvement. Thorough demographic data explains the structure of school and the leadership. In education demographic data to the next items: number of students in the school, number of students with special needs, number of English learners, age or grade of students in cohorts, socio-economical status of students, attendance rates, ethnicity/race/religious beliefs, graduation rates, dropout rates, experience information of teachers, information about parents of students.2. Perception data tells us what students and parents think about a school and answers the question, "How do we do business?". School culture and organizational processes are assessed by perception data.
Perception data includes values, perceptions, observations. Perception data is collected questionnaires. Perception data can be differentiate by two groups: 1 - staff, 2 - parents. Staff are being asked if any changes in curriculum need to take place. Students and parents are questioned to report their interests, how difficult material is to learn, how are they taught and treated.3. Student learning data answers two questions: How are our students doing? and Where are we now? Student learning data requires information from all subject areas, disaggregated by demographic groups, by teachers, by grade level, by cohorts over time, individual student growth; this type of data helps to address additional help to students who are not proficient, deepening into what they know and what they don't know to become proficient. Student learning data connects with curriculum and assessment in order to improve outcomes. Student learning data can state the effectiveness of a single educator or the entire school.
SLD can be gathered by looking at diagnostic tests, formative assessments, performance assessments, standardized tests, non-referenced tests, summative assessments, teacher-assigned tests, others.4. School processes refer to actions of administrators and teachers to achieve the purpose of the school. Teachers' habits, customs and professionalism are the things leading towards progress inside organizations. School processes data tell us what works, what doesn't, the results of educational process, answers the question, "What are our processes?". School processes produce class results. There are 4 major types of school processes: 1. Instructional processes, 2. Organizational processes, 3. Administrative processes, 4. Continuous school improvement processes; the U. S. Department of Education and the Institute of Education Sciences require to use data and DDDM in past decades to run educational organizations. Hard evidence and the use of data are emphasized to inform decisions; the data in educational organizations means more than analyzing test scores.
Educational data movement is considered as a sociotechnical revolution. Educational data systems involve technologies and evidence to explain districts', schools', classrooms' tendencies. DDDM is used to explain complexity of education, support collaboration, creating new designs of teaching. Student performance is central in DDDM. NCLB provided boost in the use of educational information. For example, in a rural area educators tried to understand why a particular subset of students were struggling academically. Data analysts collected students performance data, medical records, behavioral data and other data less qualitative information. After not finding direct correlation between collected data and student outcomes they decided to include transportation data into the research; as result, educators found that students who had longer way from houses to the school were struggling the most. According to the finding administrators modified transportation arrangements to make the way shorter for students as well as installing Internet access in buses so students could concentrate on doing homework.
DDDM in this particular case helped to improve student results. Effective schools showing outstanding gains in academic measures report that the wide and wise use of data has a positive
The open source BiSS Interface is based on a protocol which implements a real time interface. It enables a secure serial digital communication between controller and actuator; the BiSS protocol is designed in C mode. It is used in industrial applications which require transfer rates, flexibility and a minimized implementation effort; the BiSS interface has roots in SSI and a simplified INTERBUS. The proprietary standards, Hiperface and EnDat are competing solutions. Position sensor system Rotary encoder Linear position sensors Drive control Intelligent sensor system Robotics Open source Hardware compatible for SSI standard Cyclic reading of sensor data up to 64 bit per slave Transmission of status data, measured temperature value, configuration description, etc. Isochronal, real time capable data transmission bidirectional communication with two unidirectional lines Point-to-point or multi-slave networks Maximum user data rate, transmission data depending on driver and line of e.g. RS422: 10 MHz, 1 km.
Full compatibility of BiSS identifier BiSS was showcased in 2002 by its founders iC-Haus GmbH Since BiSS B is not motor feedback compatible, BiSS C has been preferred in the market All patent cases against BiSS B were dropped in 2012: EP 0790489B1: “Mode switching by frequency comparison" DE 19701310B4: “Mode switching as such” EP 1168120B1: “Block transmission of additional uncritical data” Multi-cycle data are no longer utilized in the position sensor system with BiSS Because BiSS utilizes the PHY of SSI, it develops as the successor of the SSI interface in automation BiSS Interface Website BiSS C Protocol Description
Nicholas Kearns is a retired Irish judge who served as President of the High Court from 2009 to 2015 and a Judge of the High Court from 1998 to 2015. He retired as President of the High Court on 19 December 2015. On 12 July 2010, the High Court granted leave to Sinn Féin Senator Pearse Doherty for a judicial review into why a by-election was not being held in Donegal South-West; the seat was vacant since June 2009, following the resignation of Fianna Fáil TD Pat "the Cope" Gallagher on his election to the European Parliament. On 2 November 2010, the High Court ruled that there was an unreasonable delay in holding the by-election. In his ruling, Kearns P. described the delay as unprecedented and that the delay amounted to a breach of Doherty's constitutional rights. He declared that Section 30 of the Electoral Act 1992 should be construed as requiring that a writ for a by-election be moved within a reasonable time of the vacancy arising, he further stated, Justice Kearns did not order the Government of Ireland to set a date for the by-election.
The Government announced on 4 November 2010. They stated that they would appeal to the Supreme Court. On 26 November 2010, Doherty won the by-election
CityFleet Networks known as CityFleet, is a wholly owned subsidiary of Singapore-based ComfortDelGro that operates coach services under the brand Westbus UK, as well as taxi services in a number of UK cities under the brands ComCab, CityFleet Business and Comfort Executive. It was set up in July 2001 as a joint venture between Singapore's Delgro Corporation and Australia-based Cabcharge Australia. In Australia, a similar joint venture between the two companies, known as ComfortDelGro Cabcharge, would be set up in 2005 to purchase the Westbus Group from National Express, which included Westbus Australia and Westbus UK. Westbus UK was reorganised to be under CityFleet, continued to operate independently from the Westbus in Australia. In June 2017, Cabcharge sold its 49% stake to ComfortDelGro. Earlier that year, ComfortDelGro Cabcharge became wholly owned by ComfortDelGro and renamed ComfortDelGro Australia. CityFleet Networks operates: Westbus UK ComCab Comfort Executive CityFleet Business In 1986, Westbus Australia purchased ADP Travel Services and Swinards Coaches and operated them as Westbus UK.
The coach business of Armchair Passenger Transport, a bus and coach operation purchased by ComfortDelGro subsidiary Metroline in 2004, was amalgamated into Westbus UK in 2006. Westbus UK, along with Westbus Australia, was purchased by ComfortDelGro Cabcharge in 2005. Westbus UK was reorganised under CityFleet Networks, continues to operate independently from the Westbus in Australia till this day, despite bearing the latter's name, old logo and livery. ComCab known as Computer Cab, operates taxi account and dispatch services in London, Edinburgh and Liverpool, operates a fleet of 6,300 radio taxis and private hire vehicles providing a service to local business and private customers, it was first established in 1974. CityFleet acquired Merseyside Radio Meter Cabs Ltd in October 2008 and absorbed it into the Comcab business. In April 2018, CityFleet acquired Dial-a-cab, based in London; this would give a total fleet of 3000 taxis in the UK. Comfort Executive offers executive car chauffeur services, as well as business transport.
It was formed in 1974 as Flightlink International, joined ComfortDelGro in 2006. CityFleet operates CityFleet Business. CityFleet Networks Westbus UK Showbus Westbus gallery Showbus Westbus UK gallery
The following is a list of stadiums in Bangkok, Thailand. They are ordered by their seating capacity, the maximum number of spectators that the stadium can accommodate in seated areas; the list includes stadiums in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region including the provinces of Nakhon Pathom, Pathum Thani, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon. Bangkok is home to a number of stadiums and sport clubs; the largest stadia are for football clubs however there are a number of venues for other sports which have been constructed for events such as the 1998 Asian Games and 2012 FIFA Futsal World Cup. # In the Bangkok Metropolitan Region, not the city proper List of football stadiums in Thailand