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Culrav is the annual cultural festival of Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad. Initiated in 1987, Culrav is a college-based festival in Northern India, it includes competitions, pro-nites and informal events by which Culrav attracts visitors from colleges all over the country. The festival draws students from colleges such as IIT Kanpur, IIT Roorkee, IIT-BHU, NIT Bhopal, Allahabad University, BHU, IIIT-A, HBTI, IET Lucknow. Previous performers in Culrav include Farhan Akhtar, Suraj Jagan, Shruti Pathak, Bandish band, The local train and DJ MARNIK. Previous guest speakers include Ashok Chakradhar, Ronnie Screwvala and Piyush Mishra; the 2019 Culrav took place from 3 to 6 April. It had numerous event categories from dramatics, arts, fashion, literary and film making. In addition to the major events there were numerous informals and stalls which provide entertainment in between the breaks as well; the first night's flagship event was "Kavyasandhya" where prolific poets from across the country perform.

A band performance was organised for the event "Rocktave"

Joseph Keene

Joseph Keene was an American soldier who fought in the American Civil War. Keene received his country's highest award for bravery during the Medal of Honor. Keene's medal was won for his actions at the Battle of Fredricksburg in Virginia, where he voluntarily seized his regiments colors after several Color Bearers had been shot down and led his regiment in the charge on December 13, 1862, he was honored with the award on December 2, 1892. Keene was born in England, he joined the 26th New York Infantry from Utica, New York in May 1861, mustered out with this regiment after two years. He re-enlisted with the 3rd New York Heavy Artillery in June 1863, mustered out with this regiment in July 1865. Keene was buried in Whitesboro, New York; the President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Private Joseph Keene, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism on 13 December 1862, while serving with Company B, 26th New York Infantry, in action at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

Private Keene voluntarily seized the colors after several Color Bearers had been shot down and led the regiment in the charge. List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: G–L

Chamdo languages

The Chamdo languages are a group of discovered related Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in Chamdo Prefecture, Tibet. Their position within the Sino-Tibetan language family is uncertain; the Chamdo languages are: Lamo, gSerkhu Larong Drag-yab Lexical comparisons of numerals in four Chamdo languages from Nyima & Suzuki: Suzuki & Nyima provide the following lexical items for Lamo and Drag-yab. The lexical data below is based on the following dialects. Kyilwa 格瓦 dialect of Lamo Tangre Chaya 达日 and Phagpa 坝巴 dialects of Larong Razi 热孜 dialect of Drag-yabCognatesNon-cognates The Changdu Gazetteer provides the following comparative data in Tibetan script; the table below uses Wylie romanization. English translations for the Chinese glosses are provided

Colman Macaulay

Colman Patrick Louis Macaulay CIE was an administrator in British India and responsible for negotiating the opening of British trade with Tibet. Macaulay was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland to Patrick Macaulay J. P. and the youngest daughter of Bernard Coleman, a Catholic from the West of Ireland. From the age of nine, he was educated at Ratcliffe College near Leicester, England and at the School of the Jesuit Fathers in Randalstown, County Antrim, before graduating from Queen's College in Belfast. In 1867, Macaulay passed the Indian Civil Service entrance examination and was sent to Bengal, in the north east of India as one of those selected by Sir George Campbell to test his theory that civilians should serve in all branches of the administration. After serving as District Inspector in Bacoorah he was appointed assistant secretary in the Bengal office in 1875. In May 1990 he became financial secretary to the Government of Bengal and was complemented on his efficiency by the Marquis of Rippon.

Macaulay attracted the attention of Sir Richard Temple, Lieutenant-Governor of the Bengal Presidency, was assigned to famine relief in the Burdwan division in 1874. In 1882, Macaulay submitted a bill for the extension of local self-government to the Bengal Legislative Council, he proposed that elected villager committees would manage their own pounds and roads in a similar fashion to the Local Government Boards of contemporary Britain. In October 1884, Macaulay convinced Secretary of State for India Lord Randolph Churchill of the need to undertake a mission to Tibet, which would include Tibetan scholar Sarat Chandra Das, it was agreed that he would first travel to Sikkim to discuss with its Chogyal the administration of the state and its relations with the British government. He was to travel on to the Lachen Valley to investigate the feasibility of opening a trade route into Tibet's Ü-Tsang province and to attempt to establish friendly relations with the Tibetans to the north of Sikkim. Permission for entry to Tibet from India had been agreed in advance by the Chinese Qing authorities under the "Separate Article" contained in the 1876 Chefoo Convention.

Macaulay was given the requisite visa despite the objections of some members of the Zongli Yamen with the notable exception of pro-reform minister Li Hongzhang. Macauly believed that a ready market existed in Tibet for Indian tea and British textiles, with Tibet exporting gold dust and wool and assured the Sikkim Chogyal that the British would pay for the necessary roads and bridges while Sikkim would need to supply only labour. However, in 1885, "international concerns" arose and the British government cancelled the entire mission. On his return to Darjeeling, Macaulay wrote to India Office chief Sir Clements Markham that "everything had gone so that it is difficult for us here to believe that we should be shipwrecked within sight of the promised land."Although The Times correspondent in Calcutta claimed that this was "the most important step towards the opening of Thibet, taken since the days of Warren Hastings" it alarmed the Tibetans. They saw Macaulay's foray as the first move in a British invasion of their country and were provoked into their 1886 reclamation of the Jelep La from Sikkim to reinforce their over-lordship of the state.

The British despatched the Sikkim Expedition in 1888 to repel Tibetan forces, who had advanced as far as Lingtu. After a series of clashes between the two sides, the signing of the 1890 Convention of Calcutta with China restored peace to the region. Macaulay's wife Mary died on 26 April 1889 at Brighton on the south coast of England. Following home leave in Ireland and despite the advice of his doctors, Macaulay was anxious to return to India to secure a promotion to chief secretary. A day after reaching the house of his friend Sir Alfred Croft in Calcutta, Macaulay died on the evening of Friday, 3 March 1889 of "prostration due to excessive heat during the railway journey from Bombay to Calcutta." Macaulay, Colman. Report of a Mission to Sikkim and the Tibetan Frontier with a Memorandum on our Relations with Tibet. Calcutta: Bengal Secretariat Press. BibliographyArora, Vibha. "Routing the Commodities of Empire through Sikkim". Commodities of Empire: Working Paper No.9. Open University. ISSN 1756-0098.

Younghusband, Francis. India and Tibet: a history of the relations which have subsisted between the two countries from the time of Warren Hastings to 1910. London: John Murray

Chad Fairchild

Chadwick Jarrett Fairchild is an umpire in Major League Baseball. He wore number 75 until the 2014 season, when he changed to number 4, he has worked in four Division Series. In 2017, he worked the ALCS between the Houston Astros and New York Yankees and was the plate umpire for Game 1. Fairchild has worked in both major leagues since umpiring his first game on September 30, 2004, he has umpired professionally since 1997, having worked in the Gulf Coast League, New York–Penn League, South Atlantic League, Florida State League, Southern League and International League before reaching the majors. He officiated in the 2006 World Baseball Classic. Fairchild was listed by The Hardball Times as having one of the smallest strike zones in the 2011 season. Fairchild is a native of Ohio. Fairchild lives in Florida, has one son. List of Major League Baseball umpires profile Retrosheet

Perry Range

Perry Range is a narrow range of mountains, 6 nautical miles long, separating the lower ends of Venzke Glacier and Berry Glacier where they enter Getz Ice Shelf, on the coast of Marie Byrd Land. The range was discovered and photographed from aircraft of the U. S. Antarctic Service in December 1940. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names for Lieutenant John E. Perry, CEC, U. S. Navy, Public Works Officer at McMurdo Station, 1968, he commanded the Antarctic Construction Battalion Unit from January 1969 until it was decommissioned in May 1971, when he became project manager for the South Pole Station. Geographic features include: This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Perry Range"