Cumberland was a township in eastern Ontario, Canada, that existed from 1800 to 1999, when it was incorporated as the City of Cumberland. It ceased to be a municipality in 2001, when it was amalgamated into the city of Ottawa. Cumberland was originally incorporated as a township in 1800 as part of Russell County and it took its name from the Duke of Cumberland later. The township comprised the eastern portion of the suburban Orléans area, almost 200 years after it was first incorporated, Cumberland became a city in 1999. A memorial stands in front of St. Andrews United Church, dedicated to soldiers who lost their lives during the First and Second World Wars, as well as the Korean War. The Cumberland Heritage Village Museum, which depicts life in a village setting during the 1920s and 1930s. The museum features a General Store, one-room schoolhouse and antique vehicles at the garage, a tractor-pulled wagon ride. The former Knox Presbyterian/United Church building and its artefacts were relocated from Vars to the Cumberland Heritage Village Museum, a memorial Roll of Honor and plaque from the Knox Presbyterian Church are dedicated to its members who served and to those who gave their lives in the First World War. A memorial scroll from the Knox Presbyterian Church is dedicated to its members who served in the Second World War, every other Sunday, the Ottawa Valley Live Steamers and Model Engineers are on site to give rides on their model trains. The museum has a collection of over 20,000 artifacts, including ceramic, textile and agricultural equipment, the museum and artifact collection were included amongst other architecturally interesting and historically significant buildings in Doors Open Ottawa in 2012. Cumberland now forms part of Ottawa, the largest portion of the former municipality now forms Cumberland Ward, and is represented at Ottawa City Council. Thus, Cumberland Ward is now primarily rural in nature, made up of villages that now comprise bedroom communities of Ottawa. O. 1999, CHAPTER14, Schedule E Bibliography
Map of City of Ottawa showing the former Cumberland Township and Cumberland Village.