Genre is any form or type of communication in any mode with socially-agreed-upon conventions developed over time. Genre is most popularly known as a category of literature, music, or other forms of art or entertainment, whether written or spoken, audio or visual, based on some set of stylistic criteria, yet genres can be aesthetic, communicative, or functional. Genres form by conventions that change over time as cultures invent new genres and discontinue the use of old ones. Works fit into multiple genres by way of borrowing and recombining these conventions. Stand-alone texts, works, or pieces of communication may have individual styles, but genres are amalgams of these texts based on agreed-upon or inferred conventions; some genres may have rigid adhered-to guidelines, while others may show great flexibility. Genre began as an absolute classification system for ancient Greek literature. Poetry and performance each had a specific and calculated style that related to the theme of the story. Speech patterns for comedy would not be appropriate for tragedy, actors were restricted to their genre under the assumption that a type of person could tell one type of story best.
In periods genres proliferated and developed in response to changes in audiences and creators. Genre became a dynamic tool to help the public make sense out of unpredictable art; because art is a response to a social state, in that people write/paint/sing/dance about what they know about, the use of genre as a tool must be able to adapt to changing meanings. Genre suffers from the ills of any classification system, it has been suggested that genres resonate with people because of the familiarity, the shorthand communication, as well as because of the tendency of genres to shift with public mores and to reflect the zeitgeist. While the genre of storytelling has been relegated as lesser form of art because of the borrowed nature of the conventions, admiration has grown. Proponents argue that the genius of an effective genre piece is in the variation and evolution of the codes; the term genre is much used in the history and criticism of visual art, but in art history has meanings that overlap rather confusingly.
Genre painting is a term for paintings where the main subject features human figures to whom no specific identity attaches – in other words, figures are not portraits, characters from a story, or allegorical personifications. These are distinguished from staffage: incidental figures in what is a landscape or architectural painting. Genre painting may be used as a wider term covering genre painting proper, other specialized types of paintings such as still-life, marine paintings and animal paintings; the concept of the "hierarchy of genres" was a powerful one in artistic theory between the 17th and 19th centuries. It was strongest in France, where it was associated with the Académie française which held a central role in academic art; the genres in hierarchical order are: History painting, including narrative religious mythological and allegorical subjects Portrait painting Genre painting or scenes of everyday life Landscape and cityscape Animal painting Still life A literary genre is a category of literary composition.
Genres may be determined by literary technique, content, or length. Genre should not be confused with age category, by which literature may be classified as either adult, young adult, or children's, they must not be confused with format, such as graphic novel or picture book. The distinctions between genres and categories are flexible and loosely defined with subgroups; the most general genres in literature are epic, comedy and short story. They can all be in the genres poetry, which shows best how loosely genres are defined. Additionally, a genre such as satire might appear in any of the above, not only as a subgenre but as a mixture of genres, they are defined by the general cultural movement of the historical period in which they were composed. In popular fiction, divided by genres, genre fiction is the more usual term. In literature, genre has been known as an intangible taxonomy; this taxonomy implies a concept of containment. The earliest recorded systems of genre in Western history can be traced back to Aristotle.
Gérard Genette, a French literary theorist and author of The Architext, describes Plato as creating three Imitational genres: dramatic dialogue, pure narrative, epic. Lyric poetry, the fourth and final type of Greek literature, was excluded by Plato as a non-mimetic mode. Aristotle revised Plato's system by eliminating the pure narrative as a viable mode and distinguishing by two additional criteria: the object to be imitated, as objects could be either superior or inferior, the medium of presentation such as words, gestures or verse; the three categories of mode and medium can be visualized along an XYZ axis. Excluding the criteria of medium, Aristotle's system distinguished four types of classical genres: tragedy, epic and parody. Genette continues by explaining the integration of lyric poetry into the classical system during the romantic period, replacing the now removed pure narrative mode. Lyric poetry, once considered non-mimetic, was deemed to imi
The Oldie is a British monthly magazine written for older people "as a light-hearted alternative to a press obsessed with youth and celebrity", according to their website. The magazine was launched in 1992 by Richard Ingrams, who for 22 years was the magazine's editor following 23 years in the same post at Private Eye. In June 2014, after Ingrams's dispute with the magazine's publisher led to his departure, Alexander Chancellor became the editor. Alexander Chancellor died in January 2017, Harry Mount took over editorship; the magazine has just celebrated its 25th anniversary and circulation continues to rise. The magazine was founded in 1992 by Richard Ingrams editor of Private Eye, together with Alexander Chancellor; the magazine aimed to contrast with youth culture. The Independent on Sunday described it as "The most original magazine in the country"; the Oldie magazine is owned by Oldie Publications Ltd. It carries general-interest articles and cartoons, its contributors include Gyles Brandreth, Craig Brown, Virginia Ironside, Stephen Glover, Raymond Briggs, James Le Fanu, Thomas Stuttaford, John Walsh and Giles Wood.
It is sometimes regarded as a haven for "grumpy old men and women"—an image it has played up to over the years with such slogans as "The Oldie: Buy it before you snuff it", its lampooning of youth subculture and what it sees as the absurdities of modern life. It was the first mainstream publication to break the Jimmy Savile sex scandal. Despite being called The Oldie, the magazine stresses that it is not an age-specific publication, has many readers in their twenties and forties, it has similarities to Punch, The Spectator, Private Eye, The New Yorker. The Oldie of the Year Awards is the magazine's annual awards ceremony, hosted by Terry Wogan until 2014, Gyles Brandreth since and held at Simpson's-in-the-Strand; the awards celebrate lifetime achievement, as well as "oldie" achievements and/or notoriety over the previous year, the whole ceremony being much tongue-in-cheek. Past winners include Olivia de Havilland, Ian Paisley, David Hockney, Eileen Atkins, Stanley Baxter, Peter Blake, Glenda Jackson and Moira Stuart.
At the magazine's 2011 awards, Prince Philip was named Consort of the Year. In 2015, Oldie of the year was Ken Dodd. In 2017, David Cameron's mother, Mary Cameron, was honoured with a'Mother knows best' award in recognition of her signing a petition condemning a decision by Oxfordshire county council to close over 40 children’s centres in the Conservative-run area whilst her son was Prime Minister; the Oldie monthly Literary Lunches are held in London. Guests over the years have included Michael Palin, Clive James, Maureen Lipman, Colin Dexter, Joan Bakewell, Matthew Parris, Chris Mullin, Erwin James and P. D. James. Bill Knott – Wine columnist Stephen Glover – Media Matters Simon Carr – Politics Lucinda Lambton – Overlooked Britain Brigid Keenan – Getting Dressed James Le Fanu – Profitable Wonders Roger Lewis – Television Elisabeth Luard – Food columnist Paul Bailey – Theatre critic Richard Osborne – Music Virginia Ironside – Agony Aunt Wilfred De'Ath Marcus Berkmann – Film Tom Hodgkinson – Town Mouse Matthew Webster – Digital Life Giles Wood – Country Mouse John McEwen – Bird of the Month The Oldie Webster's Internet guide – Webster writes the Internet column in The Oldie
A news magazine is a typed and published piece of paper, magazine or a radio or television program published weekly, consisting of articles about current events. News magazines discuss stories, in greater depth than do newspapers or newscasts, aim to give the consumer an understanding of the important events beyond the basic facts. Radio news magazines are similar to television news magazines. Unlike radio newscasts, which are about five minutes in length, radio news magazines can run from 30 minutes to three hours or more. Television news magazines provide a similar service to print news magazines, but their stories are presented as short television documentaries rather than written articles; these broadcasts serve as an alternative in covering certain issues more in-depth than regular newscasts. The formula, first established by Panorama on the BBC in 1953 has proved successful around the world. Television news magazines provide several stories not seen on regular newscasts, including celebrity profiles, coverage of big businesses, hidden camera techniques, better international coverage and correcting injustices, in-depth coverage of a headline story, hot topic interviews.
In the United States, television news magazines were popular in the 1990s since they were a cheap and easy way to better use the investment in national television network Nightly News departments. Television news magazines once aired five nights a week on most television networks. However, with the success of reality shows, news magazines have been supplanted. Reality shows cost less to produce and attain a younger and more loyal audience than the news magazines they replaced. Thus, the audience once attracted to news magazine shows have drifted to Cable television in the United States, where common news magazine topics such as nature, science and politics all have their own specialty channel. Most commercial broadcasting television stations have local news that refers to news coverage of events in a local context which would not be of interest to those of other localities, or otherwise be of national or international scope. Four Corners Dateline 60 Minutes Revealed Sunday Night 20/20 60 Minutes 60 Minutes II 48 Hours America Now Bill Moyers Journal Business Nation CBS News Sunday Morning Connie Chung Tonight Dateline NBC Day One E:60 Expose Eye to Eye with Connie Chung Frontline Inside Edition Now with Bill Moyers Now with Tom Brokaw and Katie Couric Primetime Live Public Eye with Bryant Gumbel Real Life with Jane Pauley Rock Center with Brian Williams Saturday Night with Connie Chung Small Town Big Deal Sunday Night with Megyn Kelly Turning Point Weekend 16x9 The Fifth Estate Global Sunday This Hour Has Seven Days W5 AnnoZero Ballarò In 1/2 h L'Infedele Porta a Porta Dispatches Exposure Newsnight On Assignment The One Show Panorama Tonight Unreported World BCN Week Contacto Domingo Espetacular European Journal Fantástico Informe Especial Informe Semanal Kastljós Mladina News Magazine Panorama Pareng Partners Probe Reporter's Notebook Séptimo día Sunday Report – 星期日檔案 Tagesthemen Vsyaka Nedelya Newshour AM ) AM Breakfast PM The World Today Breakfast Broadcasting House PM Today The World at One The World This Weekend The World Tonight Worricker on Sunday All Things Considered America in the Morning The John Batchelor Show Morning Edition This Morning, America's First News with Gordon Deal Weekend America The World Canada Live The Current Review World Report The World At Six News program News media Enverdo – Online Magazine The Guardian article on Newsmagazines Worldmag.com podcast of a radio news magazine Merrian Webster definition of News Magazine A brief history of the TV News Magazine TV Newser TV critic from Buffalo News on TV Newsmagazines
History Today is an illustrated history magazine. Published monthly in London since January 1951, it presents serious and authoritative history to as wide a public as possible; the magazine covers all periods and geographical regions and publishes articles of traditional narrative history alongside new research and historiography. A sister publication History Review, produced tri-annually until April 2012, provided information for sixth form history students. Founded by Brendan Bracken, Minister of Information after the Second World War, chairman of the Financial Times and lieutenant to Sir Winston Churchill, the magazine has been independently owned since 1981; the founding co-editors were Alan Hodge. The current editor is Paul Lay; the website contains all the magazine's published content since 1951. A digital edition was launched in 2012. History Review was a tri-annual sister publication of History Today magazine publishing material for sixth form level history students; the final issue of History Review was published in April 2012 but the archive of published material is available for research in the History Today archive.
In 1995 it compiled The History Today Companion to British history, with 4500 entries covering the entire field in 840 pages edited by Neil Wenborn. History Today commissions its articles directly from academic authors and historians, though it does accept unsolicited essays from freelance historians and others if the article is deemed to be serious history, of wide interest or of academic worth. Since 1997, The Longman History Today Charitable Trust, has held an annual awards ceremony at which presentations are made to those that have fostered a wider understanding of, enthusiasm for, history; the awards are for Book of the Year, awarded for a first or second book, Historical Picture Researcher of the Year, an undergraduate dissertation prize and the Trustees' Award, for a person or organisation that has made a major contribution to history. Official website
Fortune is an American multinational business magazine headquartered in New York City, United States. It is published by Fortune Media Group Holdings, owned by Thai businessman Chatchaval Jiaravanon; the publication was founded by Henry Luce in 1929. The magazine competes with Forbes and Bloomberg Businessweek in the national business magazine category and distinguishes itself with long, in-depth feature articles; the magazine publishes ranked lists, including the Fortune 500, a ranking of companies by revenue that it has published annually since 1955. Fortune was founded by Time co-founder Henry Luce in 1929 as "the Ideal Super-Class Magazine", a "distinguished and de luxe" publication "vividly portraying and recording the Industrial Civilization". Briton Hadden, Luce's business partner, was not enthusiastic about the idea – which Luce thought to title Power – but Luce went forward with it after Hadden's sudden death on February 27, 1929. In late October 1929, the Wall Street Crash of 1929 occurred, marking the onset of the Great Depression.
In a memo to the Time Inc. board in November 1929, Luce wrote: "We will not be over-optimistic. We will recognize that this business slump may last as long as an entire year." The publication made its official debut in February 1930. Its editor was Luce, managing editor Parker Lloyd-Smith, art director Thomas Maitland Cleland. Single copies of the first issue cost US$1. An urban legend says that Cleland mocked up the cover of the first issue with the $1 price because no one had yet decided how much to charge. In fact, there were 30,000 subscribers who had signed up to receive that initial 184-page issue. By 1937, the number of subscribers had grown to 460,000, the magazine had turned half million dollars in annual profit. At a time when business publications were little more than numbers and statistics printed in black and white, Fortune was an oversized 11"×14", using creamy heavy paper, art on a cover printed by a special process. Fortune was noted for its photography, featuring the work of Margaret Bourke-White, Ansel Adams, others.
Walker Evans served as its photography editor from 1945 to 1965. During the Great Depression, the magazine developed a reputation for its social conscience, for Walker Evans and Margaret Bourke-White's color photographs, for a team of writers including James Agee, Archibald MacLeish, John Kenneth Galbraith, Alfred Kazin, hired for their writing abilities; the magazine became an important leg of Luce's media empire. From its launch in 1930 to 1978, Fortune was published monthly. In January 1978, it began publishing biweekly. In October 2009, citing declining advertising revenue and circulation, Fortune began publishing every three weeks. Fortune is published 14 times a year. Marshall Loeb was named managing editor in 1986. During his tenure at Fortune, Loeb was credited with expanding the traditional focus on business and the economy with added graphs and tables, as well as the addition of articles on topics such as executive life and social issues connected to the world of business, including the effectiveness of public schools and on homelessness.
During the years when Time Warner owned Time Inc. Fortune articles were hosted at CNNMoney.com. In June 2014, after Time Inc. spun off from its corporate parent, Fortune launched its own website at Fortune.com. On November 26, 2017, it was announced that Meredith Corporation would acquire Time Inc. in a $2.8 billion deal. The acquisition was completed on January 31, 2018. On November 9, 2018, it was announced that Meredith Corporation was selling Fortune to Thai billionaire Chatchaval Jiaravanon for $150 million. Jiaravanon is affiliated with the Thailand-based conglomerate Charoen Pokphand Group, which has holdings in agriculture, telecommunications, retail and finance. Fortune publishes ranked lists. In the human resources field, for example, it publishes a list of the Best Companies to Work For. Lists include companies ranked in order of gross revenue and business profile, as well as business leaders: There have been 17 top editors since Fortune was conceived in 1929. Following the elimination of the editor-in-chief role at Time Inc. in October 2013, the top editor's title was changed from "managing editor" to "editor" in 2014.
Fortune Battle of the Corporate Bands, an annual music competition for amateur company-sponsored bands List of United States magazines James S. Miller, "White-Collar Excavations: Fortune Magazine and the Invention of the Industrial Folk," American Periodicals, vol. 13, pp. 84–104. In JSTOR Official website Fortune Latinamerica Fortune India Fortune China Fortune Turkey List of 100 Best Companies to Work For "Fortune Data Store". Fortune. Time.. Complete downloadable list of Fortune 500/1000 Companies – 1955–2008
CBC Radio is the English-language radio operations of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. The CBC operates a number of radio networks serving different audiences and programming niches, all of which are outlined below. CBC Radio operates three English language networks. CBC Radio One - Primarily news and information, Radio One broadcasts to most communities across Canada; until 1997, it was known as "CBC Radio". CBC Music - Broadcasts an adult music format with a variety of genres, with the classical genre restricted to midday hours. From 2007 to 2018, it was known as "CBC Radio 2". CBC Radio 3 - Broadcasts a youth-oriented indie rock format on Internet radio and Sirius XM Radio; some content from Radio 3 was broadcast as weekend programming on Radio Two until March 2007. The inconsistency of branding between the word "One" and the numerals "2" and "3" was a deliberate design choice on CBC's part and is not an error, though from 1997 to 2007, CBC Music was known as "CBC Radio Two". From 1944 to 1962 CBC's English service operated two radio networks, the main Trans-Canada Network and the Dominion Network.
In 1962 the Dominion Network was disbanded and the Trans-Canada Network became known as CBC Radio and in 1997, CBC Radio One. In some cases CBC announcers will still say "CBC Radio" in reference to programs that air only on Radio One; the CBC English service launched the CBC Radio app for iPhone on August 13, 2009. The free app provides 19 live streams for Radio One, 2 and 3, 60 on-demand services, including TV Audio and streams from CBC Music; the app runs on iPhone and iPod Touch devices 2.2.1 and higher, includes additional features such as a schedule, sleep timer, a favourites list. The app includes additional functionality; the CBC operates two French language radio networks, each of which has a similar programming focus to one of the corporation's English-language radio networks. A third service was discontinued in 2013. Structurally, the French-language radio operations are managed as part of the CBC's overall French-language services division, therefore have limited ties to the English-language radio networks, which are structured similarly.
Ici Radio-Canada Première - News and information. Ici Musique - Music and culture. Bande à part - Youth-oriented programming on Internet and Sirius, although some content continues to air as weekend programming on Espace musique, the predecessor of Ici Musique. Discontinued in 2013. In the Northwest Territories, Yukon and northern Quebec, CBC North airs a modified Radio One schedule to accommodate programming in Native languages and Radio Nord Quebec, which airs a combined Radio One / Première schedule via shortwave mixed in with programming in native languages. CBC Radio has 14 original podcasts. Two of the podcasts, Someone Knows Something and Missing & Murdered, are ranked among the top shows on the iTunes and Stitcher charts. "Someone Knows Something," hosted by filmmaker David Ridgen, first aired in 2016. The show, which investigates cold cases in Canada and the United States, finished its fourth season in March 2018. In season three, Ridgen worked with a Mississippi man, Thomas Moore, to solve the 1964 kidnapping and murder of Moore's brother and his friend, Henry Dee.
As a result of information uncovered by the podcast, James Ford Seale, a former member of the KKK, was convicted of the killings in 2007 and received three life sentences for his crimes against Moore and Dee. Season four returned to Canada as Ridgen sought answers in the 1996 unsolved murder case of Wayne Greavette, an Ontario man killed by a bomb, disguised as a Christmas gift and sent to his home. Season four had the fewest episodes of the series. Investigative journalist Connie Walker hosts "Missing & Murdered," a podcast which looks into deaths and disappearances of indigenous women in Canada; the show's first season, "Missing & Murdered: Who Killed Alberta Williams," covered the unsolved homicide of Alberta Williams who went missing from Prince Rupert, British Columbia, after a night out with friends. Her body was discovered days along Highway 16, which has since become known as "the Highway of Tears." Following the show, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police announced. The second season, released in March 2018, helped a family find out what happened to their teenage sister, Cleo Semaganis Nicotine, after she was sent to the United States from Saskatchewan during the "Sixties Scoop."
The stories featured on this podcast are part of a broader effort by Walker, Cree, CBC News to raise awareness about the more than 250 unsolved disappearances and homicides of indigenous women and girls across Canada. In 2017, the RCMP announced an initiative to stop violence against indigenous women and girls, citing studies done in 2014 that found they are among the most populations to be victims of violent crime; the CBC operates an online service. RCI ended its shortwave radio broadcast in June 2012. In some remote Canadian tourist areas, such as national or provincial parks, the CBC operates a series of transmitters which broadcast weather alerts from Environment Canada's Weatheradio Canada service; the CBC operated Galaxie, a digital television radio service which provides 45 channels of music programming to digital cable subscribers in both English and French. This service is now operated by Stingray Digital, who since relaunched the service as Stingray Music. CBC celebrates the generation of leaders and change-m
The New Statesman is a British political and cultural magazine published in London. Founded as a weekly review of politics and literature on 12 April 1913, it was connected with Sidney and Beatrice Webb and other leading members of the socialist Fabian Society, such as George Bernard Shaw, a founding director, they had supported The New Age, a journal edited by A. R. Orage, but by 1912 that journal moved away editorially from supporting Fabian politics and women's suffrage. Today, the magazine is a print-digital hybrid. According to its present self-description, it has a liberal, political position; the magazine was founded in 1913 by members of the Fabian Society as a weekly review of politics and literature. The longest-serving editor was Kingsley Martin, the current editor is Jason Cowley, who assumed the post in 2008; the magazine has notably recognized and published new writers and critics, as well as encouraged major careers. Its contributors have included John Maynard Keynes, Bertrand Russell, Virginia Woolf, Christopher Hitchens, Paul Johnson.
The magazine was affectionately referred to as "The Staggers" because of crises in funding and circulation. The nickname is now used as the title of its politics blog. Circulation has surged again in recent years. In 2016, the certified average circulation was 34,025. Traffic to the magazine's website that year reached a new high with 27 million page views and four million unique users. Associated websites are CityMetric and NewStatesman Tech. In 2018, New Statesman America was launched; the New Statesman was founded in 1913 by Sidney and Beatrice Webb with the support of George Bernard Shaw and other prominent members of the Fabian Society. The Fabians had supported The New Age but that journal by 1912 had moved away from supporting Fabian politics and issues such as women's suffrage; the first editor of the New Statesman was Clifford Sharp, who remained editor until 1928. Desmond MacCarthy joined the paper in 1913 and became literary editor, recruiting Cyril Connolly to the staff in 1928. J. C. Squire edited the magazine.
In November 1914, three months after the beginning of the war, the New Statesmen published a lengthy anti-war supplement by Shaw, "Common Sense About The War", a scathing dissection of its causes, which castigated all nations involved but savaged the British. It created an international sensation; the New York Times reprinted it as America began its lengthy debate on entering what was called "the European War". During Sharp's last two years in the post, from around 1926, he was debilitated by chronic alcoholism and the paper was edited by his deputy Charles Mostyn Lloyd. Although the Webbs and most Fabians were associated with the Labour Party, Sharp was drawn to the Asquith Liberals. Lloyd stood in after Sharp's departure until the appointment of Kingsley Martin as editor in 1930 – a position Martin was to hold for 30 years. In 1931 the New Statesman merged with the Liberal weekly The Nation and Athenaeum and changed its name to the New Statesman and Nation, which it kept until 1964; the chairman of The Nation and Athenaeum's board was the economist John Maynard Keynes, who came to be an important influence on the newly merged paper, which started with a circulation of just under 13,000.
It absorbed The Week-end Review in 1934. The Competition feature, in which readers submitted jokes and parodies and pastiches of the work of famous authors, became one of the most famous parts of the magazine. Most famously, Graham Greene won second prize in a challenge to parody his own work. During the 1930s, Martin's New Statesman moved markedly to the left politically, it became anti-fascist and pacifist, opposing British rearmament. After the 1938 Anschluss, Martin wrote: "Today if Mr. Chamberlain would come forward and tell us that his policy was one not only of isolation but of Little Englandism in which the Empire was to be given up because it could not be defended and in which military defence was to be abandoned because war would end civilization, we for our part would wholeheartedly support him."The magazine provoked further controversy with its coverage of Joseph Stalin's Soviet Union. In 1932, Keynes reviewed Martin's book on the Soviet Union, Low's Russian Sketchbook. Keynes argued that Martin was'a little too full of good will' towards Stalin, that any doubts about Stalin's rule had'been swallowed down if possible'.
Martin still allowed it to be printed. In a 17 September 1932 editorial, the magazine accused the British Conservative press of misrepresenting the Soviet Union's agricultural policy but added that "the serious nature of the food situation is no secret and no invention"; the magazine defended the Soviet collectivization policy, but said the policy had'proceeded far too and lost the cooperation of farmers'. In 1934 it ran an interview with Stalin by H. G. Wells. Although sympathetic to aspects of the Soviet Union, Wells disagreed with Stalin on several issues; the debate resulted in several more articles in the magazine. In 1938 came Martin's refusal to publish George Orwell's celebrated dispatches from Barcelona during the Spanish civil war because they criticised the communists for suppressing the anarchists and the left-wing Workers' Party of Marxist Unification.'It is an unfortunat