Arcachon is a commune in the southwestern French department of Gironde. It is a popular swimming destination on the Atlantic coast 55 kilometres southwest of Bordeaux, in the Landes forest, it has a sandy beach and a mild climate said to be favourable for invalids suffering from pulmonary complaints. Arcachon is twinned with:* Aveiro, Portugal In 1857, Emperor Napoleon III signed an imperial decree declaring that Arcachon was now an autonomous municipality, the railway line extension from Bordeaux to Arcachon had been completed that same year. At that time, Arcachon was scarcely more than a forest of pine trees and strawberry trees, with no road links and few real houses, with a population fewer than 400 people fishermen and peasants. In earlier years, when some hygienists began to recommend sea bathing, three sea establishments were laid out by investors to attract the Bordeaux bourgeoisie and other wealthy people; this was the beginning of a new lifestyle, some of the locals got the opportunity to claim their independence from La Teste-de-Buch, which owned their properties, in order to found a "free" new town, Arcachon.
Arcachon is known for the "Arcachonnaise", the local name for an Arcachon villa, the architectural style of many of the older houses built there. It is a Victorian style, criticized for generations, but is now considered to be charming; the United States Navy established a naval air station on 8 June 1918 to operate seaplanes during World War I. The base closed shortly after the First Armistice at Compiègne. At its southern entrance from the Atlantic Ocean, Arcachon Bay is crowned by Europe's largest sand dune, the Dune du Pilat, nearly 3 kilometres long, 500 metres wide, reaching 110 metres in height, moving inland at rate of 5 metres a year; the area is served by the TGV Atlantique. Humbert Balsan - Film producer, was born in Arcachon in 1954. Carmen Bernos de Gasztold - Poet, was born in Arcachon in 1919. Sylvie Caster Writer and journalist, was born in Arcachon in 1952. Alexandre Dumas - Writer, once lived in Arcachon's Ville d'Hiver. Ramón Emeterio Betances - Puerto Rican politician, spent close to six months at Arcachon shortly before his death in 1898.
Jean Périsson - composer, was born here in 1924 Louise Talma - Composer, was born here in 1906. Charles Tournemire - Composer-organist, died here in 1939. On the other side of the Bassin d'Arcachon is Cap Ferret, a popular resort for celebrities including Zinedine Zidane and Jean Pierre Pernaut, who have holiday homes. Dune du Pilat Communes of the Gironde department Château Deganne Our Lady of Arcachon INSEE This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wood, James, ed.. "article name needed". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne. Official web site Dune du Pyla site Arcachon web site Aerial view of the Dune du Pilat Air photography of Arcachon Live Camera Arcachon
Gironde is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwest France. It is named after a major waterway; the Bordeaux wine region is in the Gironde. Gironde is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, it was created from parts of the former provinces of Gascony. From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the revolutionary party, the Girondists. Gironde is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne and Charente-Maritime and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area of 10,000 km², Gironde is the largest department in metropolitan France. If overseas departments are included, Gironde's land area is dwarfed by the 83,846 km² of French Guiana. Gironde is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach, Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau each year, it is the birthplace of Jacques-Yves Cousteau who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.
The Great Dune of Pyla in Arcachon Bay near Bordeaux is the tallest sand dune in Europe. The President of the General Council is Jean-Luc Gleyze of the Socialist Party. Cantons of the Gironde department Communes of the Gironde department Arrondissements of the Gironde department Bordeaux wine regions General Council website Prefecture website Gironde at Curlie Tourism Office website
Arcins is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE
Artigues-près-Bordeaux is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE
Bazas is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. Bazas stands on a narrow promontory above the Beuve valley 60 km/37 mi southeast of Bordeaux and 40 km/25 mi southwest of Marmande; as Cossio, it was capital of the ancient tribe of the Vasates, under the Romans one of the twelve cities of Novempopulania, when it was known as Civitas VasaticaIn times it was capital of the district of Bazadais, was the seat of the bishop of the diocese of Bazas from at least the beginning of the 6th century until 1790. And for 250 years prior to 1057, the Bishop of Bazas bore the title of Bishop of Aire, Bayonne and Lescar. According to Gregory of Tours, Bazas had a bishop at the time of the Vandal invasion in the 5th century; the dedication of the cathedral to St. John the Baptist is explained in an account given by the same historian that a lady of Bazas, whom certain hagiographers of the 19th century believe to have been St. Veronica, brought from Palestine a relic of St. John the Baptist at the time of that saint's death.
Pope Urban II preached the crusade at Bazas. Bazas was a subprefecture until 1923; the town has a Gothic cathedral dating from the 13th to the 16th centuries, now part of Unesco's heritage sights. There are several old houses of the 16th century. Saturday morning markets are well worth seeing; the area is home to the Clementin Castles, built by Pope Clement V for himself and his family. You can visit around Bazas: Château de Roquetaillade Château de Villandraut Château de Fargues Château de Cazeneuve The vineyards of the vicinity produce white wine; the town carries on tanning and trade in the well-known Bazadais cattle. Bazas is by-passed by the Route nationale 524; the N524 forms part of the Itinéraire à Grand Gabarit, a route, modified to allow its use by the oversize road convoys conveying body sections and wings of the Airbus A380 airliner, several upgrades were made to the road through Bazas to this end. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed..
"article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. Bordeaux Roquetaillade castle Town council website Bazas Cathedral Setting and Zodiac Signs
Asques is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE
Les Artigues-de-Lussac is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. It is around 10 km northeast of Libourne, around 35 km east-northeast of Bordeaux. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE