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Cutter Expansive Classification

The Cutter Expansive Classification system is a library classification system devised by Charles Ammi Cutter. The system was the basis for the top categories of the Library of Congress Classification. Charles Ammi Cutter, inspired by the decimal classification of his contemporary Melvil Dewey, with Dewey's initial encouragement, developed his own classification scheme for the Winchester Town Library and the Boston Athenaeum, at which he served as librarian for twenty-four years, he began work on it around the year 1880, publishing an overview of the new system in 1882. The same classification would be used, but with a different notation devised by Cutter, at the Cary Library in Lexington, Massachusetts. Many libraries found this system too detailed and complex for their needs, Cutter received many requests from librarians at small libraries who wanted the classification adapted for their collections, he devised the Expansive Classification in response, to meet the needs of growing libraries, to address some of the complaints of his critics.

Cutter completed and published an introduction and schedules for the first six classifications of his new system, but his work on the seventh was interrupted by his death in 1903. The Cutter Expansive Classification, although adopted by comparatively few libraries, has been called one of the most logical and scholarly of American classifications. Library historian Leo E. LaMontagne writes: Cutter produced the best classification of the nineteenth century. While his system was less "scientific" than that of J. P. Lesley, its other key features – notation and versatility – make it deserving of the praise it has received, its top level divisions served as a basis for the Library of Congress classification, which took over some of its features. It did not catch on as did Dewey's system because Cutter died before it was finished, making no provision for the kind of development necessary as the bounds of knowledge expanded and scholarly emphases changed throughout the twentieth century; the Expansive Classification uses seven separate schedules, each designed to be used by libraries of different sizes.

After the first, each schedule was an expansion of the previous one, Cutter provided instructions for how a library might change from one expansion to another as it grows. The first classification is meant for only the small libraries; the first classification has only seven top level classes, only eight classes in all. A Works of reference and general works which include several of the following sections, so could not go in any one. B Philosophy and Religion E Biography F History and Geography and Travels H Social sciences L Natural sciences and Arts Y Language and Literature YF Fiction Further expansions add more top level classes and subdivisions. Many subclasses arranged systematically, with common divisions, such as those by geography and language, following a consistent system throughout. By the fifth classification all the letters of the alphabet are in use for top level classes; these are: A General Works B Philosophy C Christianity and Judaism D Ecclesiastical History E Biography F History, Universal History G Geography and Travels H Social Sciences I Demotics, Sociology J Civics, Political Science K Legislation L Science and Arts together M Natural History N Botany O Zoology P Anthropology and Ethnology Q Medicine R Useful arts, Technology S Constructive arts T Manufactures and Handicrafts U Art of War V Recreative arts, Games, Festivals W Art X English Language Y English and American literature Z Book artsThese schedules were not meant to be fixed, but were to be adapted to meet the needs of each library.

For example, books on the English language may be put in X, books on language in general in a subclass of X, or this can be reversed. The first option results in shorter marks for most English language libraries. Most call numbers in the Expansive Classification follow conventions offering clues to the book's subject; the first line represents the subject, the second the author, the third and fourth dates of editions, indications of translations, critical works on particular books or authors. All numbers in the Expansive Classification are shelved. Size of volumes is indicated by pluses, or slashes. For some subjects a numerical geographical subdivision follows the classification letters on the first line; the number 83 stands for the United States—hence, F83 is U. S. history, G83 U. S. travel, JU83 U. S. politics, WP83 U. S. painting. Geographical numbers are further expanded decimally to represent more specific areas, sometimes followed by a capital letter indicating a particular city; the second line represents the author's name by a capital letter plus one or more numbers arranged decimally.

This may be followed by the first letter or letters of the title in lower-case, and/or sometimes the letters a, b, c indicating other printings of the same title. When appropriate, the second line may begin with a'form' number—e.g. 1 stands for history and criticism of a subject, 2 for a bibliography, 5 for a dictionary, 6 for an atlas or maps, 7 for a periodical, 8 for a society or university publication, 9 for a collection of works by different authors. On the third line a capital Y indicates a work about the author or book represented by the first two lines, a capital E indicates a translation into English. If both criticism and translation apply to a single title, the number expands into four lines. One of the features adopted by other systems, including Library of Congress

Convention for Limiting the Manufacture and Regulating the Distribution of Narcotic Drugs

The Convention for Limiting the Manufacture and Regulating the Distribution of Narcotic Drugs was a drug control treaty promulgated in Geneva on 13 July 1931 that entered into force on 9 July 1933. It established two groups of drugs. Group I consisted of: Sub-group, which consisted of: Morphine and its salts, including its ester salts like morphine diacetate and preparations made directly from raw or medicinal opium and containing more than 20 percent of morphine. Sub-group, which consisted of: Ecgonine and their salts and the other ethers of morphine and their salts, except methylmorphine and their salts. Group II consisted of: Methylmorphine and their salts. Group I was subject to stricter regulations than Group II. For instance, in estimating the amount of drugs needed for medical and scientific needs, the margin allowed for demand fluctuations was wider for Group II drugs than for Group I drugs. In certain reports, a summary statement would be sufficient for matters related to Group II drugs.

The establishment of these rudimentary groups foreshadowed the development of the drug scheduling system that exists today. Both the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances have schedules of controlled substances; the 1988 United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances has two tables of controlled precursor chemicals. The 1931 convention's scope was broadened by the 1948 Protocol Bringing under International Control Drugs outside the Scope of the Convention of 13 July 1931 for Limiting the Manufacture and Regulating the Distribution of Narcotic Drugs; the Convention was superseded by the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. The conference was held in Geneva on or about 27 May 1931. "Convention for Limiting the Manufacture and Regulating the Distribution of Narcotic Drugs". Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade ~ Australian Treaty Series 1934 No. 9. Australasian Legal Information Institute.

24 April 1934. "Limiting the Manufacture and Regulating the Distribution of Narcotic Drugs". Law Library ~ United States Treaties. U. S. Library of Congress. 13 July 1931. Ratification status

Dark Floors

Dark Floors is an 2008 English-language Finnish horror film that features Lordi band members playing the monsters. Mr. Lordi has designed the film's logo; the film was released in February 2008 and stars William Hope, Leon Herbert, Philip Bretherton, Ronald Pickup, Skye Bennett. A new Lordi song, Beast Loose in Paradise, is featured in the end credits of the film. A young, autistic girl at a hospital holds the key to defeating other-dimensional monsters that seek to kill everyone. William Hope as Jon Leon Herbert as Rick Ronald Pickup as Tobias Philip Bretherton as Walter Noah Huntley as Ben Dominique McElligott as Emily Skye Bennett as Sarah Mr Lordi as Lead Monster Amen as Monster Kita as Monster Awa as Monster OX as Monster The full budget of Dark Floors reached $4.3 million, making it one of the most expensive films made in Finland. Most of the budget was spent on special effects design, set construction, a large marketing campaign, along with the post-production process; the sets were the largest constructed in Finland, taking up 1700 square metres during the basement carpark scene.

It had been planned to shoot the film on location in the Baltics, but Oulu was chosen instead, with special effects used to replicate a city when necessary. The production team visited hospitals to research the workings of an X-ray, thereby adding both credibility and authenticity to the CGI-rendered X-rays shown; when principal photography was completed, the extended post-production phase was launched, including the insertion of Awa's ghostly appearance. The film was intended to premiere in 2007, at the Eurovision song contest in Helsinki, whose opening number, featuring Lordi, with a performance of'Hard Rock Hallelujah'; the team could not finish their tasks in time. Lordi were putting final touches on their Bringing Back the Balls to Europe tour. Post-production was therefore expanded into May of the same year, was rescheduled to December; the press conference was held at the Cannes Film Festival the weekend of the 19th and 20 May 2007. Lordi appeared as did director Pete Riski, producer Markus Selin, all the leading actors.

All involved responded to questions, shared unusual anecdotes on making the film. Dark Floors was slowly'leaked' by way of a marketing campaign, the press were permitted to witness the production of Kita's lift scene, although everything else was kept under wraps; the film was released on Region 2 DVD in the UK by Metrodome Distribution on 20 April 2009, priced at £12.99 RRP. The release includes several extra features, listed as "Behind the Scenes of Dark Floors", "Cast & Crew Interviews", "Dark Floors World Premiere featurette including Q&A with Lordi, the cast and crew and a live Lordi performance"; the film is rated 18 by the BBFC for "strong bloody violence and horror". Derek Elley of Variety called it "a cultural oddity with an OK concept" that will perform well on video. Bloody Disgusting rated it 3/5 stars, wrote, "Even though it's plastered in heavy clichés and predictable plot-twists, has no sense of mood or tempo, features some of the least scary monsters to grace the silver screen, it's still remarkably entertaining."

Joshua Siebalt of Dread Central rated it 2.5/5 stars and called it a boring, uninspired film, "not nearly as fun or cool as it should've been". Todd Brown of Twitch Film called it "a plotted, exceptionally well shot thrill ride". Ian Jane of DVD Talk rated it 1.5/5 stars and wrote that the film does not exploit its visuals or interesting premise. David Johnson of DVD Verdict wrote, "Straight out of Finland—ghosts, demons and heavy metal combine for one of the more interesting and out-there haunted hospital movies to come around in quite some time." Lordi Solar Films's Dark Floors Site The Finnish Film Foundation's Dark Floors page Nordisk Films: Dark Floors Nordisk Film International Sales: Dark Floors Kaleva newspaper's Dark Floors gallery Dark Floors — The Lordi Motion Picture on IMDb Dark Floors at Rotten Tomatoes Dark Floors — The Lordi Motion Picture at AllMovie


Kondele is the most densely populated of the three satellite towns of Kisumu metropolitan region, the others being Maseno and Ahero. It is Kisumu City's most notable region and cultural identifier and one of the most densely populated regions in Kisumu County, Kenya, it lies on the A1 road that connects Vihiga. The town is administered by the Kondele County Assembly ward, an administrative ward, part of the wards that represent Kisumu Central constituency in Kisumu county assembly; the ward is represented by the Kondele Member of County Assembly. In the 2009 census, its population was estimated at 48,000. It's huge population has attracted local business investors despite a history of political violence associated with the region; the main businesses in the region include supermarkets, hotels and apparel retail. The growing number of businesses attracted banks to the area, including Co-operative bank, Equity Bank and KCB Bank; the return of a peaceful environment, combined with the development of a superhighway through the town led to increased the economic activity, leading to increased land value.

As of 2016, one acre of land was priced at an average of KES 10 million, up from KES 6 million in 2014. Kondele emerged as one of the spots in which people from Kisumu gathered to protest political discontent at the local and national level; the most remarkable protest can be traced back to 1969. In February 1990, during the presidency of Daniel arap Moi, the foreign minister and a Luo Kenyan, Robert Ouko, was assassinated. Demonstrations were held both in Kisumu. In Kisumu, demonstrators gathered in Kondele and marched to the CBD, were met with live fire from the police. In 1992, Kenya's struggle for multiparty democracy was at its peak. Demonstrations were held throughout the country. In Kisumu, demonstrations started in Kondele as people marched towards the CBD, they were met with the police who short live bullets and interrupted a school session in Kisumu Boys High School as protestors ran to take cover. In 2005, Kenya's president was Mwai Kibaki. During his term in office, a campaign ensued for a referendum to change the constitution.

Led by the opposition leader, Raila Odinga, Luos in Kisumu led other opposition supporters in rejecting the proposed constitution and riots ensued. Demonstrators in Kondele were once again met with live bullets; the opposition managed to mobilise enough support to thwart the proposal and a new constitution would only become a reality in 2010, following support from Raila and his supporters. In 2007, Kenya had a general election. Following an earlier agreement between President Kibaki and Raila Odinga, the president was supposed to lead for one term endorse Raila. However, when the president decided to run for a second term in office, tension ensued into what climaxed as a heated political campaign. Raila assembled a large team of leaders from across the nation and attracted a massive crowd of supporters. By evening of voting day, he was but guaranteed of the election results. However, when the results came in at the wee hours of the following morning, Kibaki was declared the winner. Raila and his supporters declared the results stolen.

Minutes Kondele was in full force of political demonstration, starting what resulted in a huge nationwide protest in which more than 1,000 people died. In 2017, a repeat of the 2007 violence was repeated and a number of protesters were killed by live police bullets in Kondele. Kondele is a slum with a majority of its population living below the UN's definition of poverty of less $2 per day. In the recent past, there has been an upsurge in the economic activity with the government aiming to lift it out of poverty as part of Kenya's agenda for Millennium Development Goals and Vision 2030. A majority of the businesses in the town are owned by Kikuyus, it is located near several banks situated within 2 Kilometers in the Central Business District of Kisumu, including KCB, Barclays, Standard Chartered and Ecobank, among others. The main economic activity of the region is retail trade as it has an open-air market for low-scale traders. Other economic activities include coffin and furniture craftsmanship, matatu transportation and restaurants.

It has three main supermarkets namely. Because of its recent developments, property values and rents have increased. One acre of land was marked at KES 10 - 20 million in 2016, up from about KES 6 - 8 million in 2014; the price of rental apartments has gone up. Two-bedroom houses in Kondele were rented at KES 15,000 - KES 20, 000 per month in 2016, up from Sh 10,000 in 2013. Kondele is geographically located in Kisumu, Eastern Africa; the estates are located such that to the north of it is Riat Hills, to the south is Manyatta, while Mambo Leo and Kibos lie to the East and South East respectively. To the west is Kibuye market, it is a flat land with a gentle slope from the North West to the South East. There are no lakes or rivers in or through Kondele, although, as part of Winam Gulf, it has a close proximity to Lake Victoria, which lies less than 2 kilometers away to the west; the climate of Kondele is modified by the presence of Lake Victoria. The town has an annual relief rainfall that ranges between 1200 1300 mm in different sectors.

The rain falls in two seasons. As part of Kisumu, Kondele experiences thunderstorms, which are the major type of precipitation and occur in mid-afternoon during the rainy season, it is warm throughout the year with a mean annual temperature of 23. 0C. The temperature ranges between 2

Albert Vanloo

Albert Vanloo was a Belgian librettist and playwright. Vanloom was attracted to the theatre; as a young student he began writing plays and opéra comique libretti, notably withi Eugène Leterrier who remained his main collaborator until the latter's death in 1884. He worked with the writers William Busnach, Henri Chivot and Georges Duval. For Alexandre Charles Lecocq Giroflé-Girofla - with Eugène Letterier La petite mariée - with Letterier La Marjolaine - with Letterier La Camargo - with Letterier La jolie persane - with Letterier Le jour et la nuit - with Letterier Ali-Baba - with William Busnach La belle au bois dormant - with Georges DuvalFor Jacques Offenbach Le voyage dans la lune - with Leterrier and A Mortier Mam'zelle Moucheron - with LeterrierFor Emmanuel Chabrier L'étoile - with Leterrier Une éducation manquée - with LeterrierFor Edmond Audran L'oeuf rouge - with BusnachFor André Messager La Béarnaise with Leterrier Les p'tites Michu - with Duval Véronique - with Duval Les dragons de l'impératrice - with Duval Vanloo, Albert Sur le plateau: souvenirs d'une librettiste.

Paris Smith, Christopher,'Vanloo, Albert' in The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, ed. Stanley Sadie ISBN 0-333-73432-7 List of works by Vanloo at the Index to Opera and Ballet Sources Online


MillerCoors was a beer brewing company in the United States. In 2002 South African Breweries purchased Miller Brewing Company to create SABMiller. In 2005, Molson Brewery of Canada and Coors Brewing Company merged to form the Molson Coors Brewing Company. In 2008, SABMiller and Molson Coors created MillerCoors as a joint venture for their operations in the U. S; the company is the second-largest brewer in the U. S. after Anheuser-Busch. These component companies had different backgrounds. Miller Brewing was started in 1855 by settler Frederick Miller, studying the making of beer for years; the original Molson Brewery was started by John Molson in Montreal, Canada in 1786. Coors Brewing Company was started by Adolph Coors, who emigrated from Prussia, in Colorado in 1873 and went through several name changes over the years until it was merged with Molson's in 2005, becoming Molson Coors Brewing Company. On October 11, 2016, SABMiller sold its stake in MillerCoors for around US$12 billion after the company was acquired by Anheuser-Busch InBev, making Molson Coors the 100 percent owner of MillerCoors.

In effect, MillerCoors became the "U. S. business unit of Molson Coors." In Canada, Molson Coors regained the right to market Miller Genuine Draft and Miller Lite. Molson Coors plans to keep the MillerCoors name and the Chicago headquarters and plans to operate it in much the same way as before October 11, 2016. For the consumer, for employees, the change to 100 percent ownership by Molson Coors will not be apparent, according to Jon Stern, MillerCoors' director of media relations. "The good news is that none of this impacts Wisconsin. It'll be business as usual. Miller Lite, Coors Light, Miller High Life and Leinenkugel's -- and frankly all the rest of our brands will continue to be brewed by us."On January 1, 2020, MillerCoors changed its name to Molson Coors Beverage Company. This was part of a corporate restructuring that combined the U. S. and Canadian business units. MillerCoors employs around 17,400 people; the U. S. company brews and wholesaler sales the MillerCoors portfolio of brands in the U.

S. and Puerto Rico. MillerCoors operates eight major breweries in the U. S. as well as Jacob Leinenkugel Brewing Company in Chippewa Falls and Milwaukee, Terrapin Beer Company in Athens and the Blue Moon Brewing Company at Coors Field in Denver. The current management of the MillerCoors business unit consists of the following: Gavin Hattersley, Chief Executive Officer Vicky Cookson, Chief People & Diversity Officer Brad Greer, President and Distributor Operations Dan Werth, Chief Customer Officer Kelly Grebe, Chief Legal and Corporate Services Officer David Kroll, Chief Marketing Officer Pete Marino, Chief Public Affairs and Communications Officer Fernando Palacios, Executive Vice President and Chief Integrated Supply Chain Officer Greg Tierney, Chief Financial Officer Scott Whitley, President & Chief Beer Merchant and Blake Beer Company MillerCoors was announced as a joint venture between SABMiller and Molson Coors in October 2007 and was approved by regulators on June 5, 2008; the venture was completed on June 30, 2008 and MillerCoors began operation on July 1, 2008.

On September 14, 2015, Miller Coors announced that it would shut down its Eden, NC brewery in September 2016 due to declining corporate sales. The company has newer plants in Virginia and Georgia that will serve the Eden plant's distribution area. In May 2016, the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel reported that Pabst Brewing Company and Blue Ribbon Intermediate Holdings filed a lawsuit because Pabst wanted to continue making its beers in Eden. During the merger discussions between Anheuser-Busch InBev and SABMiller in 2015, the U. S. Department of Justice had agreed to proposed deal only on the basis that SABMiller "spins off all its MillerCoors holdings in the U. S. — which include both Miller- and Coors-held brands — along with its Miller brands outside the U. S." The entire ownership situation was complicated: "In the United States, Coors is majority owned by MillerCoors and minority owned by Molson Coors, though internationally it's owned by Molson Coors, Miller is owned by SABMiller." SABMiller agreed to divest itself of the Miller brands by selling its stake in MillerCoors to Molson Coors.

After the merger on October 10, 2016 was concluded, SABMiller sold to Molson Coors full ownership of the Miller brand portfolio outside of the U. S. and Puerto Rico for US$12 billion. Molson Coors retained "the rights to all of the brands in the MillerCoors portfolio for the U. S. and Puerto Rico, including Redd's and import brands such as Peroni and Pilsner Urquell." The agreement made Molson Coors the world's third largest brewer. The company is now the largest brewer in the U. S; the Molson Coors press release provides a summary of the net effect in terms of the Miller portfolio. "As part of the transaction, Molson Coors gains full ownership of the Miller brand portfolio outside of the U. S. and Puerto Rico, retains the rights to all of the brands in the MillerCoors portfolio for the U. S. and Puerto Rico, including Redd's and import brands such as Peroni and Pilsner Urquell."In the U. S. the change is one of ownership, that will not be relevant or apparent to consumers or to MillerCoors employees through wholesale market.

However, the company was planning to increase investment in several of its brands, including new national marketing and advertising campaigns, to increase sales. A Molson Coors brewery in Milwaukee w