Bicycle messengers are people who work for courier companies carrying and delivering items by bicycle. Bicycle messengers are most often found in the business districts of metropolitan areas. Almost immediately after the development of the pedal-driven velocipede in the 1860s, during the bicycle boom of the 1890s in the United States, Western Union employed a number of bicycle telegraph boys in New York City, San Francisco, and other large population centers. One of the earliest recorded post-war American bicycle courier companies was founded by Carl Sparks, in San Francisco, according to the San Francisco Bicycle Messenger Association, Sparkies went on to become Aero, which was bought out in 1998 absorbed into CitySprint. By the late 1970s, there were well-established companies offering bicycle messenger services in major cities in the U. S. In Europe, the bicycle had fallen out of favour as a means of delivery in the quarter of the 20th century. It was not until 1983 that bicycle messengers made their reappearance in Europe, londons On Yer Bike and Pedal-Pushers were pioneers of pedal over petrol, and the rest of the citys courier companies followed suit.
By the late 1980s, cycle couriers were a common sight in central London and a British manufacturer named a range of mountain-bikes for them, entrepreneurs in continental Europe, some inspired by seeing couriers in the U. S. Bicycle messengers have not become common in southern Europe, the heartland of world competitive cycling, there are very few bicycle couriers in Portugal, Spain, or Italy. Outside Europe and North America, there are now large bicycle messenger services in Japan, legal documents, various financial instruments and sensitive information are routinely sent by courier, reflecting a distrust of digital cryptography. There is still a demand for fast courier services but there is some truth in the predictions. Reliable data specifically relating to bicycle messenger occupational statistics is hard to find, the gradual acceptance of electronic filing by U. S. courts has had a negative effect on the market. In San Francisco, bike messengers report a smaller work force coupled with decreased earnings, in New York alone, the number of messengers dropped by approximately 1,000 between 1998 and 2008.
The conditions of employment of bicycle messengers vary from country to country, city to city, contracts governing the relationship between individual courier and company are subject as much to customary practice, as local ordinance. In some places messengers are independent contractors paid on commission and do not receive benefits such as health insurance, in other places they will be regular employees of the courier company enjoying all the benefits thereof. The employment status of the messengers of one of the UKs biggest same-day courier services. The challenge arose after the firm terminated the contract of one of its riders, the GMB sought to establish that more than 1,500 CitySprint operatives currently classified as self-employed sub-contractors should be re-classified as employees. The job is poorly paid relative to the risk and effort required. S, and more than three times higher than the next highest group, workers in the meat-packing industry
A racing bicycle, known as a road bike, is a bicycle designed for competitive road cycling, a sport governed by according to the rules of the Union Cycliste Internationale. The UCI rules were altered in 1934 to exclude recumbent bicycles, to this effect racing bicycles may sacrifice comfort for speed. The drop handlebars are positioned lower than the saddle in order to put the rider in a more aerodynamic posture, the front and back wheels are close together so the bicycle has quick handling. The derailleur gear ratios are closely spaced so that the rider can pedal at their optimum cadence, other racing bicycles, especially those used in time trialling, prioritize aerodynamics over comfort. Recumbents were excluded from the UCI definition of a bicycle on 1 April 1934, time trial bicycles are a subset of road bicycles that are designed for time trial events. The UCI rules for these bikes are slightly less prescriptive than those for massed start road races, Triathlon bicycles are governed by International Triathlon Union rules, which allow more recent technological developments than do the UCI rules.
The frame of a bicycle must, according to the UCI regulations. These three tubes, and other parts of the frame, need not be cylindrical, traditionally, the top tube of a racing bicycle is close to parallel with the ground when the bicycle is in its normal upright position. Some racing bicycles, have a top tube that slopes down towards the rear of the bicycle, frame manufacturers are free to use any material they choose in the frame. For most of the history of racing, bicycle frames were constructed from steel tubing. Racing bicycles in these three materials are commercially available and are still used by some amateur racing cyclists or in vintage racing classes. However, virtually all professional road racing cyclists now use frames constructed from carbon fiber composite materials. However, a recent trend in bicycle frame design is tubing claimed to reduce aerodynamic drag. While many professional riders use such bicycles, as of 2012 they have not been adopted in the professional peloton. Most road bicycles use 700C bicycle wheels with matching 20–25 mm wide tires, the wheels greatly affect the performance of a racing bike.
The rim of the wheel can be shaped for aerodynamic efficiency making a triangular cross-section to form a teardrop with the tire. Wheel moment of inertia is a controversial subject, in this article, wheel theory, the author does some calculations on wheel effects. Moment of inertia result in a decrease in watts of between.004 and. 022%, while lower mass provided between.2 and. 46%, and better aerodynamics provided between.6 and 1. 8% decrease in power
Sports in Taiwan
Sports are a popular recreation activity in Taiwan. Some of the most common sports include basketball, baseball and softball, martial arts such as tai chi chuan and taekwondo are practiced by many people. International-known athletes include Yang Chuan-kwang, Chi Cheng, and Yani Tseng among others, Baseball is the countrys most popular spectator sport. It is commonly considered the sport in Taiwan. Baseball was first introduced during Japanese rule, the professional baseball league is the Chinese Professional Baseball League, and the main playoff competition is the Taiwan Series. The Chinese Taipei baseball team is currently the fourth ranked team in the world. Basketball is the most popular sport in Taiwan that people actually play. The mens and womens leagues are the Super Basketball League. The Chinese Taipei mens national team won the silver medal at the Asian Championship in 1960 and 1963. The Chinese Taipei womens national team won the silver medal at the 1972 Asian Basketball Championship for Women.
The team won bronze at the event in 1965,1968,1970,1974,1986,1988,1999 and 2005, the womens team won silver at the 2006 Asian Games. Due to Japanese and American influence, football has not been as popular as baseball or basketball in Taiwan, Football is run by the Chinese Taipei Football Association, which in turn runs the national teams for men and women and several domestic competitions. The top league of football, the Intercity Football League, is relatively semi-professional, there are many amateur football clubs run by foreign expatriates within Taiwan, but they run their own amateur competitions. An example is 100 Pacers F. C. in Kaohsiung, at youth level, there are Highschool Football League, National Youth Cup, and football program in the National High School Games. Rugby union has had some presence in Taiwan for most of the post war period, the national sevens team has been particularly successful. Starting from 2004, Chinese Taipei Volleyball Association holds the Enterprise Volleyball League every year and it is a mens amateur volleyball league.
In total 4 teams participated in the 2008 seasonhe Chinese Taipei womens national team is the womens national volleyball team of Republic of China. To everyones surprise, the 23-ranked team gained their victory over the host Japan on the opening day, followed by defeated South Korea, Kenya
Mission District, San Francisco
This mission, San Franciscos oldest standing building, is located in the northwest area of the neighborhood. The Mission District is located in east-central San Francisco and it is bordered to the east by U. S. Route 101, which forms the boundary between the eastern portion of the district, known as Inner Mission, and its eastern neighbor, Potrero Hill. Sanchez Street separates the neighborhood from Eureka Valley to the north west, the part of the neighborhood from Valencia Street to Sanchez Street, north of 20th Street, is known as the Mission Dolores neighborhood. South of 20th Street towards 22nd Street, and between Valencia and Dolores Streets is a neighborhood known as Liberty Hill. Cesar Chavez Street is the border, across Cesar Chavez Street is the Bernal Heights neighborhood. North of the Mission District is the South of Market neighborhood, bordered roughly by Duboce Avenue, the principal thoroughfare of the Mission District is Mission Street. South of the Mission District, along Mission Street, are the Excelsior and Crocker-Amazon neighborhoods, the Mission District is part of San Franciscos supervisorial districts 6,9 and 10.
The Mission is often warmer and sunnier than other parts of San Francisco, the Missions geographical location insulates it from the fog and wind from the west. The Mission includes four recognized sub-districts, the northeastern quadrant, adjacent to Potrero Hill is known as a center for high tech startup businesses including some chic bars and restaurants. The northwest quadrant along Dolores Street is famous for Victorian mansions, prior to the arrival of Spanish missionaries, the area which now includes the Mission District was inhabited by the Ohlone people who populated much of the San Francisco bay area. The Yelamu Indians inhabited the region for over 2,000 years, Spanish missionaries arrived in the area during the late 18th century. They found these people living in two villages on Mission Creek and it was here that a Spanish priest named Father Francisco Palóu founded Mission San Francisco de Asis on June 29,1776. The Mission was moved from the shore of Laguna Dolores to its current location in 1783, franciscan friars are reported to have used Ohlone slave labor to complete the Mission in 1791.
This period marked the beginning of the end of the Yelamu culture, the Indian population at Mission Dolores dropped from 400 to 50 between 1833 and 1841. The lands around the abandoned mission church became a focal point of raffish attractions including bull and bear fighting, horse racing, baseball. A famous beer parlor resort known as The Willows was located along Mission Creek just south of 18th Street between Mission Street and San Carlos Street. From 1865 to 1891, a conservatory and zoo known as Woodwards Gardens covered two city blocks bounded by Mission Street, Valencia Street, 13th Street, and 15th Street. During Californias early statehood period, in the 19th and 20th century, large numbers of Irish and settlement intensified after the 1906 earthquake, as many displaced businesses and residents moved into the area, making Mission Street a major commercial thoroughfare
Sport in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan consistently performs in Olympic competitions. It is especially successful in boxing and this has brought some attention to the Central Asian nation, and increased world awareness of its athletes. Kazakhstans city of Almaty submitted twice bid for the Winter Olympics, In 2014, Astana and Almaty hosted the 2011 Asian Winter Games. Dmitry Karpov is a distinguished decathlete, taking bronze in both the 2004 Summer Olympics, and the 2003 and 2007 World Athletics Championships. Olga Rypakova is an athlete, specialized in triple jump, taking silver in the 2011 World Championships in Athletics, in the 2011 tournament, they were an extra-time in the semi-final from reaching the final for the first time. In 2012, they were even closer when they took it to a penalty shootout, the team won the first bandy tournament at the Asian Winter Games. During the Soviet time, Dynamo Alma-Ata won the Soviet Union national championships in 1977 and 1990, bandy is developed in 10 of the countrys 17 administrative divisions.
Akzhaiyk from Oral, however, is the professional club. Kazakhstans most famous player was Alzhan Zharmukhamedov, who played for CSKA Moscow. In 1971 he earned the title Master of Sports of the USSR, International Class, Kazakhstans national basketball team was established in 1992, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Since its foundation, it has been competitive at the continental level and its greatest accomplishment was at the 2002 Asian Games, where it defeated the Philippines in its last game to win the bronze medal. At the official Asian Basketball Championship, now called FIBA Asia Cup, Kazakh boxers are generally well known in the world. In the last three Olympic Games, their performance was assessed as one of the best and they had more medals than any country in the world, except Cuba and Russia. In 1996 and 2004, three Kazakhstani boxers ) were recognized as the best boxers for their techniques with the Val Barker Trophy, in boxing, Kazakhstan performed well in the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia.
Two boxers, Bekzat Sattarkhanov and Yermakhan Ibraimov, earned gold medals, another two boxers, Bulat Zhumadilov and Mukhtarkhan Dildabekov, earned silver medals. It should be noted that Oleg Maskaev, born in Zhambyl, the reigning WBA, WBC, IBF and IBO middleweight champion is Kazakh boxer Gennady Golovkin. Natascha Ragosina, representing Russia, but from Karaganda held seven versions of the super middleweight title. She holds the record as the longest-reigning WBA female super middleweight champion, skier Vladimir Smirnov won seven medals in total in the 1988,1994 and 1998 Winter Olympics, including a gold in the 50 km competition in 1994
Sport in Pakistan
The most popular sport in Pakistan is cricket, while field hockey and squash are popular in Pakistan. Traditional sports like kabaddi and other games are played. The Ministry of Culture and Tourism, now has control over the Pakistan Sports Board, the PSB controls all 39 sporting federations. The Pakistan Sports Board is supported by the Pakistan Sports Trust, over recent years there has been an increase in sporting activity in Pakistan, with Pakistani sportsmen and women participating at many national and international events. Also, more international tournaments now take place in Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, had a great love for sport and fully released the vital role it played in the development of Nations and inculcation of discipline among the masses. In a meeting with the Organizing Committee of the First Pakistan Olympic Games held at Karachi, the first National Games were held at Polo Ground, Karachi from 23 to 25 April 1948. Sportsmen and officials from East Pakistan and all the integrated Provincial units of West Pakistan took part in these games, the total number of athletes was 140.
No competitors were, invited from any foreign country, competitions were held in basketball, cycling and field, volleyball and wrestling. Over the years, Pakistan has been held due to the lack of funds placed in sports. Many facilities are substandard, causing Pakistan to fall behind other nations, in its early years the young state would be able to compete with much success, but during the late 1970s with the government no longer investing in athletics, the country no longer could compete. However, since the late 1990s, this trend has changed, money is now being placed into sports, and many of the federations are now managed by people who are trying to push Pakistani sportsmen and women forward. International tournaments are now hosted in the country, and the nation now sends sportsmen and women to compete abroad, there have been restructuring of national tournaments, and new facilities and equipment being provided. This has seen overall results improve, so in other words, you can say that baseball is a popular sport in Pakistan, because it is a sport.
On March 3,2009,12 militants with guns, six Pakistani policemen escorting the team and two civilians were killed while seven Sri Lankan players and an assistant coach were injured. Since the terrorist attacks, no foreign teams have competed in Pakistan. A month after the attack on the Sri Lankan team, the International Cricket Council relieved Pakistan of co-hosting duty for any 2011 Cricket World Cup games. Pakistan has tried to make the best of the situation by offering to host its home matches on neutral territory in the United Arab Emirates, Pakistan Sports Board is Government Institution where as, Pakistan Olympic Association is working under the shelter of International Olympic Committee. Due to Government Interference Pakistan Olympic Association is very close to get ban from participation in Olympic games, due to cold war, Pakistani sport is suffering but, there is no hope to resolve this problem due to government level dictatorship
Cycling in Kuala Lumpur
Cycling in Kuala Lumpur refers to the bicycle uses in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia for touring, recreational and transportation purpose. It was first appeared on 1938 when there is a first road cycling race that has introduced in Kuala Lumpur. The introduction of the bicycle in Kuala Lumpur was one of the preferred transportation methods for students. The development of the map involving more than 50 volunteers who seeking for suitable routes for cyclist to ride bicycle, which will marked to the blank map that are given by Lim. During the development of the map, the city still lacks many facilities for cyclists to cycle around the city such as routes, segregated bike routes. The first version of the map was completed in September 2014 and distributed through participating bicycle shops for free and released in English and Chinese language. In 2013, Ahmad Phesal Talib announces that the city council has planned to upgrade the cycling infrastructures in Kuala Lumpur to promote healthy lifestyle among peoples in urban zone and this proposal was announced during the Earth Hour session at Kuala Lumpur in 2013.
While the construction of the infrastructure must be located in the populated area, the 5.5 km Southwest Dedicated Bicycle Highway which costs RM700,000 to construct, officially opened in April 2015. Currently, there are few existing bicycle routes which have existed in Kuala Lumpur. Furthermore, additional 4m of the space under elevated railway and monorail has been reserved for bike route purpose, there are some bike routes inside the park and hill area for recreational such as Bukit Kiara and FRIM which is popular for road cycling and mountain biking. Bicycle can now be allowed to carry inside the bus and rapid transit, there are some restrictions applies regarding carrying the bike to rapid transit. The maximum people in a group to carry and ride inside the public transportation vary by types of lines. In Ampang Line, maximum five cyclists are allowed to on board, in addition to the improvement of the infrastructure, there are notable bicycling events which are held annually or monthly in Kuala Lumpur.
It is one of the transportation methods for students to go to school from home. Brompton is among one of the most preferred foldable bikes brand widely chosen by the customers than any other brands, sustainable Urban Transport in an Asian Context, Springer Publishing,2010. ISBN9784431939542 Cycling Kuala Lumpur project website
Shared lane marking
A shared-lane marking or sharrow is a street marking installed at locations in Australia, Spain, or the United States. This marking is placed in the lane to indicate where people should preferably cycle. The US Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices says shared-lane markings may be used to, These markings are used in the USA, Australia and other countries. In US usage, the shape of the arrow, combined with the bike symbol. In the UK roughly the same function is served by a symbol without arrows. However, this tends to be used more as an indication of a cycle route rather than as an encouragement to share the road. The original bike in a house or man jumping barrels at home marking was developed by James Mackay, the hollow arrow surrounding the cyclist was intended to reinforce the correct direction of travel for bicyclists. In the process, the name sharrow was coined by Oliver Gajda, of the City and County of San Francisco Bicycle Program, and is a portmanteau of share and arrow. In a 2009 paper, Northeastern University researcher Peter G.
Furth proposed the Bicycle Priority Lane and this marks a five-foot-wide zone in the center of the lane which bicyclists are encouraged to use. The city of Boston, Massachusetts began experimenting with these markings in 2013, another study published in the journal Injury Prevention based on hospital records shows no statistically significant reduction in injuries, and possibly a small increase. A2016 study commissioned by the Transportation Research Board conducted a comprehensive analysis of census block groups in Chicago. Block groups were categorized in one of 3 categories, block groups with bike lanes installed, block groups with sharrows only, the authors found that blocks with bike lanes experienced a significantly larger increase in bicycle commuters than block groups with sharrows or no infrastructure. The study concludes that these findings raise concerns on the effectiveness of sharrows as a safety measure, based on the San Francisco experimental data, in August 2004 the California Traffic Control Devices Committee approved the use of this marking in California.
In the 2009 edition of the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, the city of Seattle, Washington included extensive use of shared lane markings in its Bicycle Master Plan of early 2007. The concept has since been implemented by cities throughout the United States, Shared lane marking has been adopted in Canada, being used in localities ranging from Montreal to Vancouver. For several years, the rules of France have allowed shared lanes, there called voies partagées. One of those is obligatory, the one is not obligatory. All have the same pictograms on the surface, but are distinguished by roadside signs
Sport in Malaysia
Sports in Malaysia are an important part of Malaysian culture. Sports in Malaysia are popular from both the participation and spectating aspect, Malaysians from different walks of life join in a wide variety of sports for recreation as well as for competition. Other most popular sports are bicycling, climbing, bowling, hiking and scuba diving. In the spectating aspect, the six sports with most fans are association football, field hockey, rugby union, volleyball, basketball. Malaysia has hosted major sports events including the Commonwealth Games in 1998. Most Malaysians live in housing areas with such as public parks, pedestrian zone, health clubs. Other most popular sports are bicycling, climbing, bowling and fishing, scuba diving is another recreation, particularly around the southeastern region of Sabah. The Malaysia national badminton team has won 6 silver medals and 2 bronze medals in badminton in the Olympic Games since the sport was first introduced to the Olympics in 1992, in 1992 Razif Sidek and Jalani Sidek won the bronze medal in mens doubles.
In 1996, Rashid Sidek won the medal in mens singles while Cheah Soon Kit. Lee Chong Wei won three medals in mens singles each in 2008,2012 and 2016. In 2016, Chan Peng Soon and Goh Liu Ying won silver medals in mixed doubles while Tan Wee Kiong, the Malaysia national badminton team is ranked world number 6 in the BWF World Team Ranking. Malaysia has won the Thomas Cup, the mens team trophy. Malaysia holds its own international badminton tournament, the Malaysia Open. Squash in Malaysia is governed by the Squash Racquets Association of Malaysia, the Kuala Lumpur Open and Malaysian Open are annual squash tournaments held in Malaysia. The Malaysia mens national team has reached the quarterfinal stage at the World Team Squash Championships six times. The mens team has won the Asian Squash Team Championships three times, the Malaysia womens national squash team has won the silver medal once and bronze medal at the World Team Squash Championships four times. The womens team has won the Asian Squash Team Championships seven times, nicol David is an eight-time world champion and ranked world number 1 in woman squash since 2006.
Her compatriots Low Wee Wern and Delia Arnold are ranked world number 7 and 28, male squash players Mohd Nafiizwan Adnan and Ong Beng Hee are ranked world number 32 and 34, respectively in the PSA World Rankings
New York City
The City of New York, often called New York City or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2015 population of 8,550,405 distributed over an area of about 302.6 square miles. Located at the tip of the state of New York. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy and has described as the cultural and financial capital of the world. Situated on one of the worlds largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, the five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898. In 2013, the MSA produced a gross metropolitan product of nearly US$1.39 trillion, in 2012, the CSA generated a GMP of over US$1.55 trillion. NYCs MSA and CSA GDP are higher than all but 11 and 12 countries, New York City traces its origin to its 1624 founding in Lower Manhattan as a trading post by colonists of the Dutch Republic and was named New Amsterdam in 1626.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790. It has been the countrys largest city since 1790, the Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is a symbol of the United States and its democracy. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world, the names of many of the citys bridges, tapered skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world. Manhattans real estate market is among the most expensive in the world, Manhattans Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is one of the most extensive metro systems worldwide, with 472 stations in operation.
Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, during the Wisconsinan glaciation, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth. The ice sheet scraped away large amounts of soil, leaving the bedrock that serves as the foundation for much of New York City today. Later on, movement of the ice sheet would contribute to the separation of what are now Long Island and Staten Island. The first documented visit by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown and he claimed the area for France and named it Nouvelle Angoulême. Heavy ice kept him from further exploration, and he returned to Spain in August and he proceeded to sail up what the Dutch would name the North River, named first by Hudson as the Mauritius after Maurice, Prince of Orange
Golden Gate Park
Golden Gate Park, located in San Francisco, United States, is a large urban park consisting of 1,017 acres of public grounds. It is administered by the San Francisco Recreation & Parks Department, configured as a rectangle, it is similar in shape but 20 percent larger than Central Park in New York, to which it is often compared. It is over three miles long east to west, and about half a mile north to south, in the 1860s, San Franciscans began to feel the need for a spacious public park similar to Central Park, which was taking shape in New York City. Golden Gate Park was carved out of unpromising sand and shore dunes that were known as the Outside Lands, conceived ostensibly for recreation, the underlying purpose of the park was housing development and the westward expansion of the city. The tireless field engineer William Hammond Hall prepared a survey and topographic map of the site in 1870. He was named Californias first state engineer and developed a flood control system for the Sacramento Valley.
The park drew its name from nearby Golden Gate Strait, the plan and planting were developed by Hall and his assistant, John McLaren, who had apprenticed in Scotland, home of many of the 19th-century’s best professional gardeners. John McLaren, when asked by the Park Commission if he could make Golden Gate Park one of the beauty spots of the world, replied saying With your aid gentleman, and God be willing, that I shall do. He promised that hed go out into the country and walk along a stream until he found a farm, and that hed come back to the garden and recreate what nature had done. In 1876, the plan was almost replaced by one for a racetrack, favored by the Big Four millionaires, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, Collis P. Huntington and it was Gus Mooney who claimed land adjacent to the park on Ocean Beach. Many of Mooneys friends staked claims and built shanties on the beach to sell refreshments to the patrons of the park, Hall resigned, and the remaining park commissioners followed. In 1882 Governor George C.
Perkins appointed Frank M. Pixley founder, Pixley was adamant that the Mooneys shanties be eliminated, and he found support with the San Francisco Police for park security. Pixley favored Stanfords company by granting a lease on the route that closed the park on three sides to competition. The original plan, was back on track by 1886, Hall selected McLaren as his successor in 1887. The first stage of the development centered on planting trees in order to stabilize the dunes that covered three-quarters of the park’s area. By 1875, about 60,000 trees, mostly Eucalyptus globulus, Monterey pine, by 1879, that figure more than doubled to 155,000 trees over 1,000 acres. Later, McLaren scoured the world for trees, by correspondence and he lived in McLaren Lodge in Golden Gate Park until he died in 1943, aged 96. In 1903, a pair of Dutch-style windmills were built at the western end of the park