Cyclooctadiene rhodium chloride dimer

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Cyclooctadiene rhodium chloride dimer
Cyclooctadiene-rhodium-chloride-dimer-2D-skeletal.png
Cyclooctadiene-rhodium-chloride-dimer-3D-balls.png
Names
IUPAC name
di-μ-chlorido-bis[η22-(cycloocta-1,5-diene)rhodium]
Other names
Cyclooctadiene rhodium chloride dimer
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.031.949
EC Number 235-157-6
Properties
C16H24Cl2Rh2
Molar mass 493.0806 g/mol
Density 1.93 g/cm3
Melting point 243 °C (469 °F; 516 K)
Solubility in other solvents dichloromethane
Hazards
GHS pictograms The exclamation-mark pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)The environment pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word Warning
H302, H315, H317, H319, H335, H411
P261, P264, P270, P271, P272, P273, P280, P301+312, P302+352, P304+340, P305+351+338, P312, P321, P330, P332+313, P333+313, P337+313, P362, P363, P391, P403+233, P405, P501
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Cyclooctadiene rhodium chloride dimer is the organorhodium compound with the formula Rh2Cl2(C8H12)2, commonly abbreviated [RhCl(COD)]2 or Rh2Cl2(COD)2. This yellow-orange, air-stable compound is a widely used precursor to homogeneous catalysts.[1]

Preparation and reactions[edit]

The synthesis of [RhCl(COD)]2 involves heating a solution of hydrated rhodium trichloride with 1,5-cyclooctadiene in aqueous ethanol in the presence of sodium carbonate:[1][2]

2 RhCl3·3H2O + 2 COD + 2 CH3CH2OH + 2 Na2CO3 → [RhCl(COD)]2 + 2 CH3CHO + 8 H2O + 2 CO2 + 4 NaCl

[RhCl(COD)]2 is principally used as a source of the electrophile "[Rh(COD)]+."

[RhCl(COD)]2 + nL → [LnRh(COD)]+Cl (where L = PR3, alkene, etc. and n = 2 or 3)

In this way, chiral phosphines such as chiraphos, DIPAMP, and DIOP have been attached to Rh. The resulting chiral catalysts are capable of asymmetrically hydrogenating certain prochiral alkenes.[3] A closely related but still more reactive complex is chlorobis(cyclooctene)rhodium dimer.

Structure[edit]

The molecule consists of a pair of square planar Rh centers bound to a 1,5-cyclooctadiene and two chloride ligands that are shared between the Rh centers. The Rh2Cl2 core is also approximately planar,[4] in contrast to the highly bent structure of cyclooctadiene iridium chloride dimer where the dihedral angle is 86°.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Giordano, G.; Crabtree, R. H. “Di-μ-chloro-bis(η4-1,5-cyclooctadiene)dirhodium(I)” Inorganic Syntheses, 1990, volume 28, pages 88-90. doi:10.1002/9780470132593.ch22
  2. ^ Chatt, J.; Venanzi, L. M. (1956). "Olefin Complexes of Rhodium". Nature. 177: 852–3. doi:10.1038/177852b0. 
  3. ^ W. S. Knowles (2003). "Asymmetric Hydrogenations (Nobel Lecture 2001)". Advances in Synthesis and Catalysis. 345 (1–2): 3. doi:10.1002/adsc.200390028. 
  4. ^ "Di-μ-chloro-bis[(cis,cis-η4-1,5-cyclooctadiene)rhodium(I)]: a redetermination" De Ridder, Kirk J. A. Acta Crystallographica, Section C: Crystal Structure Communications 1994, C50, 1569-72. doi:10.1107/S0108270194001459