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In Greek mythology, Cynortas or Cynortes or Cynortus was a king of Sparta. Cynortas was the son of King Amyclas of Sparta and Queen Diomede, thus brother to King Argalus, Polyboea, and, in other versions, of Daphne, he was the father of Perieres, who either succeeded to the throne. After the death of his brother Argalus, Cynortes inherited the kingdom and became the king of Sparta, his tomb was shown near Scias at Sparta. List of kings of Sparta Parthenius, Love Romances translated by Sir Stephen Gaselee, S. Loeb Classical Library Volume 69. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. 1916. Online version at the Topos Text Project. Parthenius, Erotici Scriptores Graeci, Vol. 1. Rudolf Hercher. in aedibus B. G. Teubneri. Leipzig. 1858. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library. Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W. H. S. Jones, Litt. D. and H. A. Ormerod, M. A. in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio.

3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library. Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F. B. A. F. R. S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website. Works related to Cynortas at Wikisource

Academic publishing

Academic publishing is the subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship. Most academic work is published in book or thesis form; the part of academic written output, not formally published but printed up or posted on the Internet is called "grey literature". Most scientific and scholarly journals, many academic and scholarly books, though not all, are based on some form of peer review or editorial refereeing to qualify texts for publication. Peer review quality and selectivity standards vary from journal to journal, publisher to publisher, field to field. Most established academic disciplines have their own journals and other outlets for publication, although many academic journals are somewhat interdisciplinary, publish work from several distinct fields or subfields. There is a tendency for existing journals to divide into specialized sections as the field itself becomes more specialized. Along with the variation in review and publication procedures, the kinds of publications that are accepted as contributions to knowledge or research differ among fields and subfields.

Academic publishing is undergoing major changes, as it makes the transition from the print to the electronic format. Business models are different in the electronic environment. Since the early 1990s, licensing of electronic resources journals, has been common. An important trend with respect to journals in the sciences, is open access via the Internet. In open access publishing, a journal article is made available free for all on the web by the publisher at the time of publication. Both open and closed journals are sometimes funded by the author paying an article processing charge, thereby shifting some fees from the reader to the researcher or their funder. Many open or closed journals fund their operations without such fees; the Internet has facilitated open access self-archiving, in which authors themselves make a copy of their published articles available free for all on the web. Some important results in mathematics have been published only on arXiv; the Journal des sçavans, established by Denis de Sallo, was the earliest academic journal published in Europe.

Its content included obituaries of famous men, church history, legal reports. The first issue appeared as a twelve-page quarto pamphlet on Monday, 5 January 1665, shortly before the first appearance of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, on 6 March 1665. At that time, the act of publishing academic inquiry was controversial and ridiculed, it was not at all unusual for a new discovery to be announced as an anagram, reserving priority for the discoverer, but indecipherable for anyone not in on the secret: both Isaac Newton and Leibniz used this approach. However, this method did not work well. Robert K. Merton, a sociologist, found that 92% of cases of simultaneous discovery in the 17th century ended in dispute; the number of disputes dropped to 72% in the 18th century, 59% by the latter half of the 19th century, 33% by the first half of the 20th century. The decline in contested claims for priority in research discoveries can be credited to the increasing acceptance of the publication of papers in modern academic journals, with estimates suggesting that around 50 million journal articles have been published since the first appearance of the Philosophical Transactions.

The Royal Society was steadfast in its not-yet-popular belief that science could only move forward through a transparent and open exchange of ideas backed by experimental evidence. Early scientific journals embraced several models: some were run by a single individual who exerted editorial control over the contents simply publishing extracts from colleagues' letters, while others employed a group decision making process, more aligned to modern peer review, it wasn't until the middle of the 20th century. In the 1960s and 1970s, commercial publishers began to selectively acquire "top-quality" journals that were published by nonprofit academic societies; when the commercial publishers raised the subscription prices they lost little of the market, due to the inelastic demand for these journals. Although there are over 2,000 publishers, five for-profit companies accounted for 50% of articles published in 2013. Available data indicate that these companies have profit margins of around 40% making it one of the most profitable industries compared to the smaller publishers, which operate with low margins.

These factors have contributed to the "serials crisis" – total expenditures on serials increased 7.6% per year from 1986 to 2005, yet the number of serials purchased increased an average of only 1.9% per year. Unlike most industries, in academic publishing the two most important inputs are provided "virtually free of charge"; these are the peer review process. Publishers argue that they add value to the publishing process through support to the peer review group, including stipends, as well as through typesetting and web publishing. Investment analysts, have been skeptical of the value added by for-profit publishers, as exemplified by a 2005 Deutsche Bank analysis which stated that "we believe the publisher adds little value to the publishing process... We are observing that if the process were as complex and value-added as the publishers protest that it is, 40% margins wouldn't be available." A crisis in academic publishin

Nathaniel Backus House

The Nathaniel Backus House is a two-story Greek Revival clapboarded house with a gable roof in Norwich, Connecticut. The house was built around 1750 by Nathaniel Backus and served as his home, it was moved to its current location in 1952; the house began as a Colonial, but was modified to Greek Revival around 1825, reconfiguring the central door to the left of the facade and adding two chimneys. The house is a historic house museum operated by the Faith Trumbull Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution; the Nathaniel Backus House was submitted to the National Register of Historic Places for its historical value in local history and as an example of Greek Revival domestic architecture. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970 and was included in the Chelsea Parade Historic District in 1989; the Nathaniel Backus House's namesake is its builder Nathaniel Backus, a descendant of William Backus and William Backus, Jr. two of the founders of Norwich, Connecticut.

Nathaniel Backus was born on April 5, 1704 and he married Hannah Baldwin in 1726. Together they would have seven children. Nathaniel Backus was recorded to be one of six men in Norwich to own their own carriages before the American Revolutionary War. Nathaniel Backus died in 1773; the Nathaniel Backus House's construction date is unknown, but it is believed to have been around 1750. The History of Norwich, Connecticut places it around 1734 and makes mention of a highway being added in 1750 by Nathaniel Backus' house. In the 1970 National Historic Register of Places nomination, the Daughters of the American Revolution indicated it dates from 1750; the house stood on Broadway Street in the center of Norwich, Connecticut. It was Colonial at its time of construction, but has been modified to Greek Revival style; the renovation itself may date to around 1825. The house is a white two-story clapboarded structure with its gable end facing the street; the three-bay facade faces south and the front entrance is located on the left bay.

The eaves cornice is decorated with mutules that span the length of the gable ends and combines with the roof cornice to make a pediment that encloses an elliptical window in the center. The window is of the "rising sun pattern" with glass panes radiating out through two rings; the entrance on the left of the facade has a paneled door, stated to be original, enclosed in a rectangular frame, supported by Ionic columns and framed by fluted moldings. The frames of the 6-over-6 windows project from the clapboard exterior; the foundation and steps to the house is of stone. An alteration saw the addition of two chimneys and additional alterations to the window and door openings on the northeast and southwest sides of the house, it is believed that the central door and window alterations were done as part of the Greek Revival renovations. Luyster states, "urther investigation would undoubtedly reveal additional changes in the interior, including changes in the position of the fireplaces and their chimney connections."

The Nathaniel Backus House is a historic house museum operated by the Faith Trumbull Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution following its completed move in 1952. The Nathaniel Backus House was submitted to the National Register of Historic Places for its historical value in local history and as an example of Greek Revival domestic architecture. Luyster writes, "The simplicity of the Backus house contrasts pleasantly with the verandahs and asymmetric forms of the surrounding buildings." It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970. The house was included as part of the Chelsea Parade Historic District in 1989. National Register of Historic Places listings in New London County, Connecticut Perkins-Rockwell House - another historic home located next door to the Nathaniel Backus House, owned by the Faith Trumbull Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution Faith Trumbull Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution official website


The Rev-ErbA proteins are members of the nuclear receptor family of intracellular transcription factors. There are two forms of the receptor and beta, each encoded by a separate gene; the rev-Erb-α gene is unusual in that it is encoded on the opposite strand of the alpha-thyroid hormone receptor gene. The rev-Erb-α protein is a key regulatory component of the circadian clock. In addition, rev-Erb-α appears to regulate the breakdown of cartilage. SR9009 is listed as an agonist HZF-2alpha at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings HZF-2beta at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings NR1D1+protein,+human at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings

James Hurdis

James Hurdis was an English clergyman and poet. Born in Bishopstone, East Sussex, Hurdis studied at St Mary Hall and Magdalen College, Oxford becoming a Fellow of Magdalen College. Hurdis was curate for the East Sussex village of Burwash from 1786, it was there that he wrote The Village Curate, a blank verse poem published anonymously in 1788. In 1793 he was appointed Professor of Poetry at Oxford University. Sussex shepherds at this time used to catch wheatears in small cage traps to sell as songbirds. Hurdis would leave coins in their place. Hurdis died in 1801 and there is a memorial to him in Bishopstone Church; the local town hall in Seaford, East Sussex, is named Hurdis House in his honour.. He was a headmaster of Chichester, his eldest son James Henry Hurdis was a notable amateur artist


Charlevoix–Côte-de-Beaupré is a provincial electoral district in the Capitale-Nationale region of Quebec, that elects members to the National Assembly of Quebec. It consists of the entire territory of the following regional county municipalities: L'Île-d'Orléans, La Côte-de-Beaupré, Charlevoix-Est, it was created for the 2012 election by combining the entire former Charlevoix electoral district with most of the territory of the Montmorency electoral district, along with the part of the unorganized territory of Lac-Jacques-Cartier that Charlevoix did not have, taken from Chauveau electoral district. Information Elections QuebecElection results Election results Election results Maps2011 map 2001–2011 changes to Charlevoix Electoral map of Capitale-Nationale region Quebec electoral map, 2011