Cyril II of Jerusalem
Cyril II of Jerusalem was born in 1792 in the island of Samos. In 1816 he was ordained a deacon a presbyter, was abbot of the monastery. In 1835 he became Archbishop in 1838 of Lydia. In 1845 he was elected as the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem under the name Cyril II by the Hagiotaphites and remains to 1872. On 28 February 1870, Sultan Abdülaziz I signed a firman which created the Bulgarian Exarchate subjectеd to the Ecumenical Patriarchate but yet as a representative of the Bulgarian millet in the Ottoman Empire. Cyril II participated in the Council in Constantinople, chaired by Ecumenical Patriarch Anthimus VI, in September 1872, wherein the Patriarchs of Alexandria and Antioch participated and which on 18/30 September declared the Bulgarian Exarchate as schismatic and its adherents excommunicated. Cyril declined to sign the Council's decisions. On September 14, 1872 Cyril II left the council in Constantinople by steamer to Jerusalem. Dethroned from the patriarchal throne on 12 December 1872, in his absence.
Cyril II had many supporters - among Christian Arabs, but among high-ranking dignitaries, many of whom suffer because of it. Cyril's successor on the patriarchal throne, remained little more than two years. On 26 February 1875 under the pressure of the Arab population and Orthodox clergy, he was deposed. Arab notables from Jerusalem wanted former patriarch Cyril II to be a candidate for the vacant throne, but in a pastoral message, published in the newspapers, he declined this invitation on grounds of advanced age, he died on 18 August 1877. Http://synpress-classic.dveri.bg/21-2002/pKiril.htm http://synpress-classic.dveri.bg/21-2002/ubilei.htm https://archive.is/20130102142123/http://www.pravoslavie.domainbg.com/03/snegarov/sneg-shizmata-iztoc.html
On the Buses
On the Buses is a British television sitcom, broadcast on ITV from 1969 to 1973. It was created by Ronald Ronald Wolfe, who wrote most of the episodes, it spawned a stage version. Despite the writers' previous successes with The Rag Trade and Meet the Wife with the BBC, the corporation rejected On the Buses, not seeing much comedy potential in a bus depot as a setting; the comedy partnership turned to Frank Muir, Head of Entertainment at London Weekend Television, who loved the idea. Reg Varney as Stanley "Stan" Butler – a bus driver who works for the Luxton and District Traction Company along with Jack and Blakey, he lives with sister Olive and brother-in-law Arthur. Stan chats up the clippies at the bus depot. Cicely Courtneidge and Doris Hare as Stan's mother, she is a maiden in distress. The Butler household is forever losing money and getting the electricity cut off. Mabel is caught up in arguments between Arthur and Stan. Anna Karen as Olive Rudge, Stan's sister. Olive is always being criticised by her husband Arthur though she helps her mum with household jobs and helps Stan with the decorating.
Olive has twice been a clippie at both times being unsuccessful. She is always wanting "an early night" with Arthur, much to his displeasure. Michael Robbins as Stan's brother-in-law. Somewhat aloof and stuck up, he resists Olive's intimate advances, his hospital operation is a frequent source of ridicule from Stan and Jack.. Arthur is always tampering with his motorbike, which falls apart. Bob Grant as Jack Harper, Stan's conductor, best friend and next-door neighbour, he and Stan are always getting reprimanded by Inspector Blake. Whether it is tampering with radio controls, putting "DIVERSION" road signs in the wrong places or going on dates with the buxom clippies, they are always getting into scrapes. Jack is the shop steward of the bus depot, abuses his position to thwart Blakey's schemes with the catchphrase "As shop steward I am here to tell you.....". Stephen Lewis as Cyril "Blakey" Blake – the inspector at the bus depot. Whenever there is a "brilliant idea" at the bus depot, it is Blakey's.
These are elaborate schemes to temper Stan's and Jack's frequent insubordination, or to entrap them in their misadventures in a bid to get them fired. However Blakey's schemes backfire with hilarious consequences, land him either in trouble with the General Manager or in hospital. Michael Sheard as the General Manager of the bus depot, he is always arguing with Blakey about something. He was the judge at the gardening competition in the episode "Gardening Time". Madeleine Mills and Sandra Miller as the Inspector's niece, she was played twice by Mills and twice by Miller. In her first two appearances and Stan are in a relationship. In her third appearance she got married to a bus driver at the depot, she appeared in the episode "The New Nurse". Sandra Bryant as Sandra, a clippie at the bus depot, her character is seen throughout the seventh series. In the first episode of the seventh series, she goes on a date with Stan to the cinema, until Olive comes along too. Terry Duggan and Norman Mitchell as Nobby – one of the bus depot's mechanics.
He assists Stan and Jack in their typical schemes and misadventures. A total of 74 episodes of On the Buses were broadcast over seven series. Three spin-off films were released. All episodes and films of On The Buses were set in the fictional town of Luxton. At the beginning of the seventh series Arthur, not seen, has left Olive and they are divorced. Olive again gets a job as a clippie on the buses. Stan takes a job in the north of England in a car factory in the "Goodbye Stan" episode, the Inspector takes Stan's old room as a lodger. In addition, two five-minute Christmas specials were made by LWT as part of an All Star Comedy Carnival in 1969 and 1972, ITV's answer to the BBC's Christmas Night with the Stars programme; the 1969 edition has been lost, but the 1972 edition – featuring a goose that the cast are chasing for Christmas dinner – exists in the Thames Television archive, now owned by FremantleMedia. A spin-off series, Don't Drink the Water, ran for thirteen episodes, featuring Blake retiring to Spain with his sister Dorothy.
Reg Varney undertook a PCV driving test in order to be filmed driving the bus for the exterior scenes. The earlier series were recorded at London Weekend Television's original studios in Wembley. In late 1972, LWT relocated to new studios on the South Bank of the River Thames. Therefore, single decker buses were used and a plywood mock-up of an upper deck was lowered from a lighting rig. Filmed external shots were part of the series. LWT arranged with the now defunct Eastern National Omnibus Company to use its buses at Wood Green bus garage in North London, they were shown as belonging to District. Luxton is supposed to be in Essex, actual Essex towns including Southend-on-Sea, Basildon and Tilbu
Sir Cyril Lodowic Burt, FBA was an English educational psychologist and geneticist who made contributions to statistics. He is known for his studies on the heritability of IQ. Shortly after he died, his studies of inheritance and intelligence were discredited after evidence emerged indicating he had falsified research data, inventing correlations in separated twins which did not exist. Burt was born on 3 March 1883, the first child of Cyril Cecil Barrow Burt, a medical practitioner, his wife Martha, he was born in London. Burt's father kept a chemist shop to support his family while he studied medicine. On qualifying, he became the assistant house surgeon and obstetrical assistant at Westminster Hospital, London; the younger Cyril Burt's education began in London at a Board school near St James's Park. In 1890, the family moved to Jersey to Snitterfield, Warwickshire in 1893, where Burt's father opened a rural practice. Early in Burt's life he showed a precocious nature, so much so that his father took the young Burt with him on his medical rounds.
One of the elder Burt's more famous patients was brother of Francis Galton. The visits the Burts made to the Galton estate not only allowed the young Burt to learn about the work of Francis Galton, but allowed Burt to meet him on multiple occasions and to be drawn to his ideas, he attended King's School, in the county town, from 1892 to 1895, won a scholarship to Christ's Hospital located in London, where he developed his interest in psychology. From 1902, he studied at Jesus College, where he specialized in philosophy and psychology, the latter under William McDougall. McDougall, knowing Burt's interest in Galton's work, suggested that he focus his senior project on psychometrics, thus giving Burt his initial inquiry into the development and structure of mental tests, an interest that would last the rest of his life. Burt was one of a group of students who worked with McDougall, which included William Brown, John Flügel, May Smith, who all went on to have distinguished careers in psychology.
Burt graduated with second-class honours in 1906. In 1907, McDougall invited Burt to help with a nationwide survey of physical and mental characteristics of the British people, proposed by Francis Galton, in which he was to work on the standardization of psychological tests; this work brought Burt into contact with eugenics, Charles Spearman, Karl Pearson. In the summer of 1908, Burt visited the University of Würzburg, where he first met the psychologist Oswald Külpe. In 1908, Burt took up the post of Lecturer in Psychology and Assistant Lecturer in Physiology at Liverpool University, where he was to work under the famed physiologist Sir Charles Sherrington. In 1909 Burt made use of Charles Spearman's model of general intelligence to analyse his data on the performance of schoolchildren in a battery of tests; this first research project was to define Burt's life's work in quantitative intelligence testing and the inheritance of intelligence. One of the conclusions in his 1909 paper was that upper-class children in private preparatory schools did better in the tests than those in the ordinary elementary schools, that the difference was innate.
In 1913, Burt took the part-time position of a school psychologist for the London County Council, with the responsibility of picking out the "feeble-minded" children, in accordance with the Mental Deficiency Act of 1913. He notably established; the post allowed him to work in Spearman's laboratory, receive research assistants from the National Institute of Industrial Psychology, including Winifred Raphael. Burt was much involved in the initiation of child guidance in Great Britain and his 1925 publication The Young Delinquent led to opening of the London Child Guidance Clinic in Islington in 1927. In 1924 Burt was appointed part-time professor of educational psychology at the London Day Training College, carried out much of his child guidance work on the premises. In 1931, Burt resigned his position at the LCC and the LDTC after he was appointed Professor and Chair of Psychology at University College London, taking over the position from Charles Spearman, thus ending his 20-year career as a school psychological practitioner.
One of his students, Reuben Conrad, recalled that he once arrived at the university with a chimpanzee that he had borrowed from London Zoo, though Conrad could not recall what point Burt was trying to make. While at London, Burt influenced many students, including Raymond Cattell and Hans Eysenck, toward the end of his life, Arthur Jensen and Chris Brand. Burt was a consultant with the committees; this issue, the allegations of fraudulent scholarship against him, are discussed in various books and articles listed below, including Cyril Burt: Fraud or Framed and The Mismeasure of Man. Despite his lasting reputation as a statistical psychologist Cyril Burt was involved in psychoanalysis, he was a member of the Tavistock Clinic Council in the early 1930s. And of the British Psychoanalytical Society In The Young Delinquent, he expressed the view that "nearly every tragedy of crime is in its origin a drama of domestic life."In 1942, Burt was elected
Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa is a South African politician and the fifth and current President of South Africa. He became President following the resignation of Jacob Zuma. An anti-apartheid activist, trade union leader and communist, Ramaphosa served as the Deputy President of South Africa from 2014 to 2018, he was elected President of the African National Congress at the ANC National Conference in December 2017. He is the former Chairman of the National Planning Commission, responsible for strategic planning for the future of the country, with the goal of rallying South Africa "around a common set of objectives and priorities to drive development over the longer term", he has been called a skillful negotiator and strategist who acted as the ANC's Chief Negotiator during South Africa's transition to democracy. Ramaphosa built up the biggest and most powerful trade union in the country – the National Union of Mineworkers, he played a crucial role, with Roelf Meyer of the National Party, during the negotiations to bring about a peaceful end to apartheid and steer the country towards its first democratic elections in April 1994.
Ramaphosa was Nelson Mandela's choice for future president. Ramaphosa is well known as a businessman, his estimated net worth is over R6.4 billion as of 2018, with 31 properties and previously-held notable ownership in companies such as McDonald's South Africa, chair of the board for MTN and member of the board for Lonmin. Despite his credentials as an important proponent of his country's peaceful transition to democracy, he has been criticised for the conduct of his business interests although he has never been indicted for illegal activity in any of these controversies. Controversial business dealings include his joint venture with Glencore and allegations of benefitting illegally from coal deals with Eskom which he has staunchly denied, during which Glencore was in the public spotlight for its tendentious business activities involving Tony Blair in the Middle East. On 15 August 2012 he called for action against the Marikana miners' strike, which he called "dastardly criminal" conduct that needed "concomitant action" to be taken.
He admitted and regretted his involvement in the act and said that it could have been avoided if contingency plans had been made prior to the labour strike. Ramaphosa was born in Soweto, Johannesburg, on 17 November 1952, He is the second of the three children to Erdmuth and retired policeman Samuel Ramaphosa, he attended Tshilidzi Primary Sekano Ntoane High School in Soweto. In 1971, he matriculated from Mphaphuli High School in Sibasa, Venda where he was elected head of the Student Christian Movement, he subsequently registered to study law at the University of the North in Limpopo Province in 1972. While at university, Ramaphosa became involved in student politics and joined the South African Students Organisation and the Black People's Convention; this resulted in him being detained in solitary confinement for eleven months in 1974 under Section 6 of the Terrorism Act, 1967, for organising pro-Frelimo rallies. In 1976 he was detained again, following the unrest in Soweto, held for six months at John Vorster Square under the Terrorism Act.
After his release, he became a law clerk for a Johannesburg firm of attorneys and continued with his legal studies through correspondence with the University of South Africa, where he obtained his B. Proc. Degree in 1981. After completing his legal qualifications and obtaining his degree, Ramaphosa joined the Council of Unions of South Africa as an advisor in the legal department. In 1982, CUSA requested. Ramaphosa was arrested in Lebowa, on the charge of organising or planning to take part in a meeting in Namakgale, banned by the local magistrate. In August 1982, CUSA resolved to form the National Union of Mineworkers, in December Ramaphosa became its first secretary. Ramaphosa was the conference organiser in the preparations leading to the formations of the Congress of South African Trade Union, he delivered a keynote address at Cosatu's launch rally in Durban in December 1985. In March 1986 he was part of COSATU's delegation which met the African National Congress in Lusaka, Zambia. Ramaphosa was elected as the first General Secretary of the union, a position he held until he resigned in June 1991, following his election as Secretary General of the African National Congress.
Under his leadership, union membership grew from 6,000 in 1982 to 300,000 in 1992, giving it control of nearly half of the total black workforce in the South African mining industry. As general secretary, he, James Motlatsi, Elijah Barayi led the mineworkers in one of the biggest strikes in South African history. In December 1988, Ramaphosa and other prominent members of the Soweto community met Soweto's Mayor to discuss the rent boycott crisis. In January 1990, Ramaphosa accompanied released ANC political prisoners to Zambia. Ramaphosa served as chairman of the National Reception committee, which co-ordinated arrangements for the release of Nelson Mandela and subsequent welcome rallies within South Africa, became a member of the international Mandela Reception Commit
Lord is an appellation for a person or deity who has authority, control, or power over others acting like a master, a chief, or a ruler. The appellation can denote certain persons who hold a title of the peerage in the United Kingdom, or are entitled to courtesy titles; the collective "Lords" can refer to a body of peers. According to the Oxford Dictionary of English, the etymology of the word can be traced back to the Old English word hlāford which originated from hlāfweard meaning "loaf-ward" or "bread keeper", reflecting the Germanic tribal custom of a chieftain providing food for his followers; the appellation "lord" is applied to men, while for women the appellation "lady" is used. However, this is no longer universal: the Lord of Mann, a title held by the Queen of the United Kingdom, female Lord Mayors are examples of women who are styled Lord. Under the feudal system, "lord" had a wide and varied meaning. An overlord was a person from whom a landholding or a manor was held by a mesne lord or vassal under various forms of feudal land tenure.
The modern term "landlord" is a vestigial survival of this function. A liege lord was a person. Neither of these terms were titular dignities, but rather factual appellations, which described the relationship between two or more persons within the stratified feudal social system. For example, a man might be Lord of the Manor to his own tenants but a vassal of his own overlord, who in turn was a vassal of the King. Where a knight was a lord of the manor, he was referred to in contemporary documents as "John, lord of". A feudal baron was a true titular dignity, with the right to attend Parliament, but a feudal baron, Lord of the Manor of many manors, was a vassal of the King; the substantive title of "Lord of the Manor" came into use in the English medieval system of feudalism after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The title "Lord of the Manor" was a titular feudal dignity which derived its force from the existence and operation of a manorial court or court baron at which he or his steward presided, thus he was the lord of the manorial court which determined the rules and laws which were to govern all the inhabitants and property covered by the jurisdiction of the court.
To the tenants of a certain class of manor known in Saxon times as Infangenthef their lord was a man who had the power of exercising capital punishment over them. The term invariably used in contemporary mediaeval documents is "lord of X", X being the name of the manor; the term "Lord of the Manor" is a recent usage of historians to distinguish such lords from feudal barons and other powerful persons referred to in ancient documents variously as "Sire", "Dominus", "Lord" etc. The title of "Lord of the Manor" is recognised by the British Government for any such title registered at Her Majesty's Land Registry before 13 October 2003 but after that date titles can no longer be registered, any such titles voluntarily de-registered by the holder cannot be re-registered; however any transfer of ownership of registered manors will continue to be recorded in the register, on the appropriate notification. Thus in effect the register is closed for new registrations; such titles are classified as "incorporeal hereditaments" as they have no physical existence, have no intrinsic value.
However a lucrative market arose in the 20th century for such titles for purposes of vanity, assisted by the existence of an official register, giving the purchaser the impression of a physical existence. Whether a title of "Lord of the Manor" is registered or unregistered has no effect on its legal validity or existence, a matter of law to be determined by the courts. Modern legal cases have been won by persons claiming rights as lords of the manor over village greens; the heads of many ancient English land-owning families have continued to be lords of the manor of lands they have inherited. The UK Identity and Passport Service will include such titles on a British passport as an "observation", provided the holder can provide documentary evidence of ownership, as will Passport Canada; the United States however, forbids the use of all titles on passports. Australia forbids the use of titles on passports if those titles have not been awarded by the Crown or the Commonwealth; the Scottish title Laird is a shortened form of'laverd', an old Scottish word deriving from an Anglo-Saxon term meaning'Lord' and is derived from the middle English word'Lard' meaning'Lord'.
The word is used to refer to any owner of a landed estate and has no meaning in heraldic terms and its use is not controlled by the Lord Lyon. Lord is used as a generic term to denote members of the peerage. Five ranks of peer exist in the United Kingdom: in descending order these are duke, earl and baron; the appellation "Lord" is used most by barons, who are addressed by their formal and legal title of "Baron". The most formal style is'The Lord': for example, Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson, can be called as "The Lord Tennyson", although the most common appellation is "Lord Tennyson". Marquesses and viscounts are also addressed as Lord. Dukes use the style "The Duke of", are not referred to as'Lord'. Dukes are formally addressed as'Your Grace', rather than'My Lord'. In the Peerage of Scotland, the members of the lowest level of the peerage have the substantive title'Lord of Parliament' rather than Baron. "Lord" is used as a cour
Harry Cyril Delevanti was an English character actor with a long career in American films. He was sometimes credited as Syril Delevanti. Delevanti was born in London to the Anglo-Italian music professor, Edward Prospero Richard Delevanti and his wife, Mary Elizabeth. Delevanti had a career as an actor on the English stage and, after his emigration to the United States in 1921, performed on the American stage throughout the 1920s, his first film appearance was in Devotion. In 1938 he appeared in Red Barry for director Ford Beebe, who would marry Delevanti's daughter, thus becoming the actor's son-in-law. From the 1940s, he appeared in many small roles uncredited, in such films as Phantom of the Opera, Confidential Agent, Monsieur Verdoux, Forever Amber and Bathsheba, Les Girls, Bye Bye Birdie, Mary Poppins. In 1958, Delevanti was cast as the printer Lucius Coin in all twenty-six episodes of the NBC western television series, Jefferson Drum, starring Jeff Richards, he made two guest appearances on Perry Mason during the final seasons of the series.
In 1957 he played florist Mr. Tulloch in "The Case of the Silent Partner". In 1965, he played bookie Craig Jefferson in "The Case of the Silent Six". Delevanti made guest-starring appearances on Dennis the Menace, US Marshal, The Fugitive, Have Gun, Will Travel, The Tall Man, Bourbon Street Beat, Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, The Virginian, Daniel Boone, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, Mission: Impossible, The Untouchables, Science Fiction Theater, Adventures of Superman, The Twilight Zone and the Culhane, Peter Gunn, Dragnet, he continued to act in films, such as The Night of the Iguana, Mary Poppins, The Killing of Sister George, Bedknobs and Broomsticks. In 1913, Delevanti married Eva Kitty Peel. On 13 December 1975, Delevanti died in Hollywood of lung cancer, he is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery, California. Cyril Delevanti on IMDb Cyril Delevanti at Find a Grave
Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria
This article uses dates and years written in the Coptic calendar, using the A. M. calendar era, in addition to the Gregorian calendar, using the A. D. calendar era. Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria called Abba Kyrillos VI, Coptic: Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ⲕⲩⲣⲓⲗⲗⲟⲩ ⲋ̅. Pope Cyril VI was born in Damanhour, into a Coptic Orthodox family, he resigned a civil service position to become a monk in July 1927. He passed his probationary period and, on 24 February 1928, took his monastic vows at the Paromeos Monastery, assuming the name of Father Mina el-Baramosy, he was known as Father Mina the Elder. In 1947, Father Mina built the Church of Saint Mina in Cairo, he used to pray in the Church of the Holy Virgin in Babylon before assuming the papacy. Father Mina became Pope of Alexandria on 10 May 1959. In accordance with the old Coptic church tradition, Pope Cyril VI was the only monk in the 20th century A. D./17th century A. M. to be chosen for papacy without having been a bishop /Metropolitan first. Before him, there were three bishops / Metropolitans who became Popes of Alexandria: Pope John XIX, Pope Macarius III and Pope Joseph II.
After him, Pope Shenouda III was a bishop before becoming Pope. In June 1968, Pope Cyril received the relics of Saint Mark the Evangelist and Apostle, taken from Alexandria to Venice over eleven centuries earlier; the relics were interred beneath the newly completed Cathedral of Saint Mark in Cairo, built under Pope Cyril and was inaugurated in a ceremony attended by President Nasser, Emperor Haile Selassie, delegates from most other churches. Cyril's papacy saw marked the alleged apparitions of the Virgin Mary in Zeitoun, Egypt; the Seat of Pope Cyril VI was located in Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Azbakeya, Cairo. However, during his papacy he built the Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Abbasseya in Cairo, which became the Seat of the Coptic Orthodox Pope. Pope Cyril died on 9 March 1971, after a short illness. Pope Shenouda III spoke about his predecessor: "There is no man in all the history of the church like Pope Cyril VI, able to pray so many liturgies, he prayed more than 12,000 liturgies.
This matter never happened before in the history of the Popes of Alexandria or the world, or among the monks. He was wondrous in his prayers." On 20 June 2013, 42 years after his death, he was canonised as a saint by the Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Church. Pope Cyril VI elevated the Archbishop of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church to the title of Patriarch-Catholicos. Abuna Basilios, the first Ethiopian to be appointed Archbishop of Ethiopia by Pope Joseph II, became Ethiopia's first Patriarch. Pope Cyril VI was awarded the Grand Cordon of the Star of Solomon by Emperor Haile Selassie in gratitude. In November 1959 he laid the foundation stone of the new Monastery of Saint Mina in the Desert of Mariout. In January 1965, Pope Cyril VI presided over the Committee of Oriental Orthodox Churches in Addis Ababa, the first ecumenical and non-Chalcedonian synod of these churches held in modern times. List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria List of Copts List of Egyptians Battle of Anchem Short Bio of Pope Kyrillos VI Bio of Pope Kyrillos VI, long version Pope Saint Kyrillos VI