Cyrus the Younger
Cyrus the Younger, son of Darius II of Persia and Parysatis, was a Persian prince and general, Satrap of Lydia and Ionia from 408 to 401 BC. His birth date is unknown, but he died in 401 BC after a failed battle to oust his elder brother, Artaxerxes II, from the Persian throne; the history of Cyrus and of the retreat of his Greek mercenaries is told by Xenophon in his Anabasis. Another account from Sophaenetus of Stymphalus, was used by Ephorus. Further information is contained in the excerpts from Artaxerxes II's physician, Ctesias, by Photius; these are the only early sources of information on Cyrus the Younger. According to Xenophon, Cyrus the Younger was born after the accession of his father in 424 BC, he had an elder brother and two younger brothers named Ostanes and Oxathres. About Cyrus' childhood, Plutarch wrote, "Cyrus, from his earliest youth, showed something of a headstrong and vehement character. Xenophon spoke more of Cyrus' excellence as a child: In this courtly training Cyrus earned a double reputation.
Nor less in matters of war, in the use of the bow and the javelin, was he held by men in general to be at once the aptest of learners and the most eager practiser. As soon as his age permitted, the same pre-eminence showed itself in his fondness for the chase, not without a certain appetite for perilous adventure in facing the wild beasts themselves. Once a bear made a furious rush at him, without wincing he grappled with her, was pulled from his horse, receiving wounds the scars of which were visible through life. In 408 BC, after the victories of Alcibiades leading to an Athenian resurgence, Darius II decided to continue the war against Athens and give strong support to the Spartans, he sent Cyrus the Younger into Asia Minor as satrap of Lydia and Phrygia Major with Cappadocia, commander of the Persian troops, "which gather into the field of Castolos", i.e. of the army of the district of Asia Minor. There, Cyrus met the Spartan general Lysander. In him, Cyrus found a man, willing to help him become king, just as Lysander himself hoped to become absolute ruler of Greece by the aid of the Persian prince.
Thus, Cyrus put all his means at the disposal of Lysander in the Peloponnesian War. When Cyrus was recalled to Susa by his father Darius, he gave Lysander the revenues from all of his cities of Asia Minor. Around that time, Darius called his son to his deathbed. Plutarch wrote that Cyrus's mother, favored him and wanted him on the throne, "And therefore, his father Darius now lying ill, he, being sent for from the sea to the court, set out thence with full hopes that by her means he was to be declared the successor to the kingdom. For Parysatis had the specious plea in his behalf, which Xerxes on the advice of Demaratus had of old made use of, that she had borne him Arsicas when he was a subject, but Cyrus when a king. Notwithstanding, she prevailed not with Darius, but the eldest son Arsicas was proclaimed king, his name being changed into Artaxerxes. According to Plutarch, "his resentment for made him more eagerly desirous of the kingdom than before."In 405 BC, Lysander won the battle of Aegospotami, Sparta became more influential in the Greek world.
Cyrus managed to gather a large army by beginning a quarrel with Tissaphernes, satrap of Caria, about the Ionian towns. In the spring of 401 BC, Cyrus united all his forces into an army now including Xenophon's "Ten Thousand", advanced from Sardis without announcing the object of his expedition. By dexterous management and large promises, he overcame the misgivings of the Greek troops over the length and danger of the war. Cyrus the Younger had obtained the support of the Spartans after having asked them "to show themselves as good friend to him, as he had been to them during their war against Athens", in reference to the support he had given the Spartan in the Peloponnesian War against Athens a few years earlier; the king had only been gathered an army in haste. In October 401 BC, the battle of Cunaxa ensued. Cyrus had 10,400 Greek hoplites, 2,500 peltasts, an Asiatic army of 10,000 under the command of Ariaeus. Cyrus saw.
Cyrus and John
Saints Cyrus and John are venerated as martyrs. They are venerated by the Coptic Church and surnamed Wonderworking Unmercenaries because they are supposed to have healed the sick free of charge, their feast day is celebrated by the Copts on the sixth day of Tobi, corresponding to 31 January, the day observed by the Eastern Orthodox Church. The Eastern Orthodox Church celebrate the finding and translation of their relics on 28 June; the principal source of information regarding the life and miracles of Sts. John and Cyrus is the encomium written by Patriarch of Jerusalem. Of the birth and first years of the saints we know nothing. According to the Arabic "Synaxarium", compiled by Michael, Bishop of Athrib and Malig and John were both Alexandrians. Cyrus practised the art of medicine, had a workshop, afterwards transformed into a temple dedicated to the three Three Young Men, Shadrach and Abednego, he ministered to the sick gratis and at the same time laboured with all the ardour of an apostle of the Faith, won many from pagan superstition.
He would say, “Whoever wishes to avoid being ill should refrain from sin, for sin is the cause of bodily illness.” This took place under the Emperor Diocletian. Denounced to the prefect of the city he fled to Arabia where he took refuge in a town near the sea called Tzoten. There, having received the tonsure and assumed the monastic habit, he abandoned medicine and began a life of asceticism. John belonged to the army. Hearing of the virtues and wonders of Cyrus, he went to Jerusalem in fulfillment of a vow, thence passed to Alexandria and to Arabia where he became the companion of St. Cyrus in the ascetic life. During the persecution of Diocletian three holy virgins, fifteen-year-old Theoctista, thirteen years old, Theodossia, eleven years old, together with their mother Athanasia, were arrested at Canopus and brought to Alexandria. Cyrus and John, fearing lest these girls, on account of their youth, might, in the midst of torments, deny the Faith, resolved to go into the city to comfort them and encourage them in undergoing martyrdom.
This fact becoming known they were arrested and after dire torments they were all beheaded on the 31st of January. The bodies of the two martyrs were placed in the church of St. Mark the Evangelist in Alexandria. At the time of St. Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria, there existed at Menuthis near Canopus and present-day Abu Qir, a pagan temple reputed for its oracles and cures which attracted some simple Christians of the vicinity. St. Cyril thought to extirpate this idolatrous cult by establishing in that town the cultus of Saints Cyrus and John. For this purpose he moved their relics and placed them in the church built by his predecessor, Theophilus, in honour of the Four Evangelists. Before the finding and transfer of the relics by St. Cyril it seems that the names of the two saints were unknown. In the fifth century, during the pontificate of Pope Innocent I, their relics were brought to Rome by two monks and Arnulfus—this according to a manuscript in the archives of the deaconry of Santa Maria in Via Lata, cited by Antonio Bosio.
Cardinal Angelo Mai, for historical reasons, justly assigns a date, namely 634, under Pope Honorius I and the Emperor Heraclius. The relics were placed in the suburban church of Santa Passera on the Via Portuense. In the time of Bosio the pictures of the two saints were still visible in this church. Upon the door of the hypogeum, which still remains, is the following inscription in marble: Corpora sancta Cyri renitent hic atque Joannis Quæ quondam Romæ dedit Alexandria magnaTheir tomb became a shrine and place of pilgrimage. In Coptic Cyrus' name became Difnar, Apakyri, Apakyr; the city of Abu Qir, now a suburb of Alexandria, was named after him. At Rome three churches were dedicated to these martyrs, Abbas Cyrus de Militiis, Abbas Cyrus de Valeriis, Abbas Cyrus ad Elephantum — all of which were transformed afterwards by the vulgar pronunciation into S. Passera, a corruption of Abbas Cyrus. In the Eastern Orthodox Church and those Eastern Catholic Churches which follow the Byzantine Rite and John are among the saints who are commemorated during the Liturgy of Preparation in the Divine Liturgy.
Cyrus and John at the Catholic Encyclopedia Unmercenaries Cyrus & John Iconograms Ciro e Giovanni
Cyrus Broacha is a TV anchor, theatre personality, political satirist, columnist and author. He is a prankster, best known for his show Bakra on MTV and his show The Week That Wasn't on CNN News18, he provided the voiceover as Angada in the cartoon film Ramayana. Broacha was born on 7 August 1971, to Catholic mother, he was a student of the Lee Strasberg Film Institute. He started acting at the age of five in The Emperor's New Clothes; every year he wrote for the school magazine, winning prizes for English and drama. When Broacha was 12, he acted in his first Hindi film, with Pankaj Parashar, starring alongside Naseeruddin Shah; the next year, he did Brighton Beach Memoirs, under Pearl Padamsee. The press hailed him as a child prodigy, his career in acting took off, he continued acting in plays. He came into the limelight during his college's Malhar festival; when he was in college, FM radio took off in India, he gained a reputation as a radio jockey. After graduation, Broacha went to the Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute in New York City where he studied acting for theatre.
After returning to India, he plays. He hosted shows and corporate events, while pursuing his passion of theatre with over 20 commercial theatre productions, his popularity had MTV seeking him. As an anchor with them, his reputation grew, he has interviewed everyone in the Hindi film industry, from Amitabh Bachchan to Shah Rukh Khan. His candid-camera show is MTV Bakra. Broacha has hosted many cricket shows including the popular Chevrolet Cricket Show on Ten Sports, has interviewed nearly every cricketer from every generation, he anchors a news satire and comedy show, The Week That Wasn't on CNN-IBN, co-written and directed by friend Kunal Vijaykar. He presents the show Faking News on IBN 7, he led India's "Rock the Vote" campaign and represented MTV at the UNAIDS conference in Hanover, Germany. He moderated the Indian segment of Be Heard - A Global Discussion With Colin Powell in February 2002, he appeared on Sony Entertainment Television's hit show Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa, India's version of Dancing with the Stars, Fear Factor – Khatron Ke Khiladi Level 3 on Colors TV.
He is a columnist who writes for two leading national papers and two magazines. He hosts an annual show called Greenathon on NDTV, he is the editor and host of a cricket analysis series called ESPNcricinfo Runorder, a bi-weekly show featuring former cricketers like Agarkar, Tait and Hogg. Broacha has acted in the following Hindi movies: Jalwa 99 Little Zizou Fruit and Nut Mumbai Chakachak The Shaukeens Roy In January 2010, he released his book Karl, Aaj aur Kal, a semi-autobiographical comedy about celebrities and politics. In 2011, he released another book, The Average Indian Male, a riotous account of the Indian male referred to as the "aam aadmi". In 2015, he started produced by IVM network; this is a satirical show on life in urban India, sports, civic sense and current affairs. Cyrus Broacha is married to a photographer; the couple have a daughter Maya. Cyrus Broacha on IMDb Cyrus Says podcast
Cyrus Hamlin (general)
Cyrus Hamlin was an attorney, a general from Bangor, who served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Hamlin was born in a suburb of Bangor, he was the third son of Hannibal Hamlin, the Vice President of the United States, his wife. His brother, Charles Hamlin, was a Union Army major, appointed a brevet brigadier general at the end of the war. Hamlin was studied at Waterville College in Waterville, Maine, he was practiced law for a year in Kittery, Maine. Hamlin was commissioned as a captain in the Union Army in April 1862, serving as an aide-de-camp to Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont. Hamlin was among the first to advocate enlisting African-American troops in the Union Army. In February 1863, he was appointed the first colonel of the 80th United States Colored Troops and was assigned to field duty in Louisiana. There he took charge of a brigade of black troops and participated in the Siege of Port Hudson, he was promoted to brigadier general in December 1864 and assigned command of the military district of Port Hudson, Department of the Gulf.
Hamlin was mustered out of the United States Volunteers on January 15, 1866. On February 21, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Hamlin for the award of the honorary grade of brevet major general, U. S. Volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865, the U. S. Senate confirmed the award on April 26, 1866. Hamlin was a Companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Hamlin remained in Louisiana after the war during the early days of Reconstruction, but died of yellow fever in 1867. Although he was interred in the Girod Street Cemetery in New Orleans, Louisiana, he was reburied three months in his family plot at Mount Hope Cemetery in Bangor, Maine. List of American Civil War generals Eicher, John H. and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. Hunt, Roger D. and Jack R. Brown. Brevet Brigadier Generals in Blue. Gaithersburg, MD: Olde Soldier Books, Inc. 1990. ISBN 1-56013-002-4. "Cyrus Hamlin". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-02-12.
University of Maine biography of Hamlin
Cyrus Peirce, American educator and Unitarian minister, was the founding president of the first American public normal school, which evolved into Framingham State University. Cyrus Peirce was born on August 15, 1790 in Waltham, the twelfth and last child of Isaac Peirce and Hannah Mason Peirce, his wife, he went to Framingham Academy before going to Harvard. During his sophomore year in the winter of 1807-1808, he began teaching in nearby West Newton. After receiving his bachelor's degree from Harvard in 1810, Peirce went to Nantucket Island to take charge of a private school there, but after two years there, he returned to Harvard in 1810 to start divinity school, which he completed in 1815, he returned to Nantucket where he resumed his teaching career. On April 1, 1816, in Nantucket, Cyrus Peirce married Harriet Coffin, the daughter of William Coffin, II, Deborah Pinkham Coffin, his wife, they had no children. Cyrus Peirce left Nantucket to begin preaching in 1818 and was ordained a Unitarian minister in North Reading on May 19, 1819, ministered there until May 19, 1827, when he resigned to take charge of a school in North Andover, where he stayed until 1831.
In 1831, Cyrus Peirce returned to Nantucket and opened a "School for Young Ladies." In 1832, fourteen-year-old Maria Mitchell, who became a well-known astronomer, became one of his pupils. She became his assistant, but left to start her own school on the island. In 1838 Cyrus Peirce became the first principal of Nantucket High School, but left in July 1839 at Horace Mann's behest to go to Lexington to become the first head of the first public normal school in the country. In an 1841 letter to Henry Barnard where he described his work in the Lexington Normal School, Peirce wrote: You ask for a full account of my manner of instruction in the art of Teaching. This, it is not easy to give. From what I say, you may get some idea of. Two things I have aimed at in this school. 1. To teach the principles of the several branches studied, so that the pupils may have a clear and full understanding of them. 2nd, to teach the pupils by my own example, as well as by precepts, the best way of teaching the same things effectually to others.
I have four different methods of recitation. 1st, by question and answer. I do not mean; the students understand that, at all the recitations, they are at perfect liberty to suggest queries, opinions. The experimental normal school in Lexington, to evolve into today's Framingham State University, began on a modest note with only three students, but it had grown to 42 by July 1842, when ill health forced Peirce to resign his position there and return to Nantucket. By 1844 the school had moved to West Newton and Peirce was persuaded to return for another term in July 1844, he served until May 1849. While at the school, he closed each class with the call for them to "Live to the Truth", his words are the motto of today's Framingham State University, which has acknowledged him as its first president. Soon after leaving his post at the normal school, Cyrus Peirce left for Europe where he was a delegate to the third International Peace Congress in 1849 and toured the continent and England before returning to West Newton.
After returning from Europe in 1850, Cyrus Peirce became involved with Nathaniel Topliff Allen in Allen's Academy in West Newton. After the normal school moved to Framingham in 1953, the academy took over its buildings which were located on Washington Street, where the First Unitarian Society in Newton now stands. Ill health again forced Peirce to retire but he remained associated with the academy until his death. Cyrus Peirce died on April 5, 1860, in West Newton and is buried in Section TT, Lot 148 in Prospect Hill Cemetery in Nantucket, his monument was erected by the students of the normal school and consists of a Celtic cross inscribed with the motto he had chosen for the school: "Live to the Truth." Harriet Peirce is buried next to her husband. Several buildings and schools are named for Peirce; these and other memorials to him include: Cyrus Peirce Middle School, Nantucket Peirce School, West Newton Peirce Hall, Framingham State University First Unitarian Society in Newton has a stained glass window dedicated to Education which pictures Horace Mann and Cyrus Peirce.
Another window is dedicated to their contemporary, Nathaniel T. Allen
Cyrus Edwin Dallin
Cyrus Edwin Dallin was an American sculptor best known for his depictions of Native American men. He created more than 260 works, including the equestrian statue of Paul Revere in Boston, Massachusetts, he was an Olympic archer. Dallin, the son of Thomas and Jane Dallin, was born in Springville, Utah Territory, to a family belonging to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. At age 19, he moved to Boston to study sculpture with Truman Howe Bartlett, he studied with Henri Chapu and at the Académie Julian. In 1883, he entered the competition for an equestrian statue of Paul Revere for Boston, Massachusetts, he won the competition and received a contract. The fifth version was accepted in 1899; the full-size statue was unveiled in 1940. Dallin converted to Unitarianism, turned down the offer to sculpt the angel Moroni for the spire of the LDS Church's Salt Lake Temple, he accepted the commission and, after finishing the statue said, "My angel Moroni brought me nearer to God than anything I did."
His statue became a symbol for the LDS Church and was the model for other angel Moroni statues on the spires of LDS Church temples. In Boston, Dallin became a colleague of Augustus St. Gaudens and a close friend of John Singer Sargent, he married Vittoria Colonna Murray in 1891, returned to Utah to work on The Angel Moroni. He taught for a year at the Drexel Institute in Philadelphia, while completing his Sir Isaac Newton for the Library of Congress. In 1897, he traveled to Paris, studied with Jean Dampt, he entered a Don Quixote statuette in the Salon of 1897, The Medicine Man in the Salon of 1899 and the Exposition Universelle. The couple moved to Arlington, Massachusetts in 1900, where they lived for the rest of their lives and raised three sons. From 1899 to 1941, he was a member of the faculty of Massachusetts Normal Art School. In 1912, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member, became a full Academician in 1930. At the 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, Dallin competed in archery, winning the bronze medal in the team competition.
He finished ninth in 12th in the Double York round. Dallin created a four-piece equestrian series called The Epic of the Indian, consisting of Signal of Peace, or “The Welcome”. A Signal of Peace was exhibited at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, was installed in Chicago's Lincoln Park in 1894; the Medicine Man was exhibited at the 1899 Paris Salon, the 1900 Exposition Universelle in Paris, where it won a gold medal. It was installed in Philadelphia's Fairmount Park in 1903; the full-size staff version of Protest of the Sioux was exhibited at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition, where it won a gold medal. The mounted brave defiantly shaking his fist at an enemy was never cast as a full-size bronze, survives only in statuette form. A one-third-size bronze version, cast in 1986, is at the Springville Museum of Art in Springville, Utah. Appeal to the Great Spirit became an icon of American art, is Dallin's most famous work; the full-size version was cast in bronze in Paris, won a gold medal at the 1909 Paris Salon.
It was installed outside the main entrance to the Boston Museum of Fine Arts in 1913. Smaller versions of the work are in numerous American museums and the permanent collection of the White House. In 1929, a one-third-size bronze version was installed in Muncie, Indiana—at the intersection of Walnut and Granville Streets—and is considered by many Munsonians to be a symbol of their city. A one-third-size plaster version was given to Tulsa, Oklahoma's Central High in 1923, it stood in the school's main hall until 1976. In 1985, that plaster was used to cast a one-third-size bronze version, now in Woodward Park, at the intersection of 21st & Peoria Streets; the Jefferson Cutter House in Arlington, Massachusetts is now a museum devoted to his works. A local elementary school is named in his honor. More than 30 examples of his work are on display at the Springville Museum of Art in his birthplace of Springville, Utah, his papers are at the Smithsonian Archives of American Art. The Dallin House at 253 S. 300 East in Springville and the Taylor-Dallin House in Arlington, Massachusetts are both listed on the National Register of Historic Places due to their association with Dallin.
Model for Equestrian Statue of Lafayette, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D. C; the Angel Moroni, atop Salt Lake Temple, Salt Lake City, Utah. Brigham Young Monument and South Temple Streets, Salt Lake City, Utah. Sir Isaac Newton, Main Reading Room, Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. Don Quixote de La Mancha: The Knight of the Windmill, Springville Museum of Art, Utah Equestrian Statue of Paul Revere, Paul Revere Mall, opposite Old North Church, Massachusetts. View of Hobble Creek, Utah Museum of Fine Arts, Salt Lake City, Utah. Eli Whitney Tablet, Richmond County Courthouse, Georgia; the Pickett, Battle of Hanover, Pennsylvania. Victory, Pioneer Park, Utah. General Winfield Scott Hancock, Pennsylvania State Memorial, Gettysburg Battlefield, Pennsylvania. Soldiers' and S
Cyrus Leroy Baldridge
Cyrus Leroy Baldridge was an artist, illustrator and adventurer. He was born to William Baldridge and Eliza Burgdorf Baldridge, in Alton, New York in 1889; when young, his mother left his father and began a nomadic life as a traveling sales person, selling kitchen equipment from town to town. Devoted to this strong and independent woman, Baldridge's personality absorbed from her a spirit of quite exceptional individualism. Baldridge's career in art began when the 10-year-old Cyrus was accepted as the youngest student at Frank Holme's Chicago School of Illustration. Holme became his second father. In his studio, Baldridge sat with students three times his age to do life drawings, under Holme's direction went into the streets to make the detailed sketches meant to become newspaper illustrations, he learned to count and remember the number of buttons on a policeman's jacket, the sad faces of tenement children, return to the studio to include them in finished illustrations. The tenet of art creation that he would remember from Holme was "Say it with a few bold strokes."
He improved upon it through time spent with Japanese artists years later. Baldridge was admitted to the University of Chicago in 1907 and graduated in 1911 and was evermore devoted to that institution, he was poor boy with no scholarship in an elite college. During his whole life lack of money never stopped him from anything, at the University of Chicago he paid his way by drawing signs for campus events, he became a campus leader, most to succeed, Grand Marshal of the University and a model for students who remembered him long afterwards. According to Harry Hansen, "Men who knew him will talk to you about him by the hour – but not about his drawings, they will tell you about his honesty, his candor, his sense of democracy, his unfailing good humor and his faith in his fellow man."After college, life for Baldridge was both struggle and an exuberant adventure. While looking for commissions as an illustrator, he worked in a Chicago settlement house and in the stockyards, he became superb rider while training in the Illinois National Guard Cavalry and with that skill worked as a cow hand on the 6666 Ranch in Texas for a summer.
When World War I began, Baldridge traveled through occupied Belgium and France as a war correspondent and illustrator. Using a German letter of passage he interacted with their conquerors, he traveled through war zones on bicycle, horse cart and horseback until his money ran out and he returned to Chicago. Called to Mexico as a member of the National Guard he was on the Mexican/American border in 1916 to repulse Pancho Villa and in 1917 he joined the French Army as a stretcher bearer; the entrance of the United States into the war required his transfer to the American Expeditionary Forces. In the AEF he joined the talented team that brought the Stripes newspaper into being. Baldridge was the chief artist on staff that included Harold Ross, founder of The New Yorker, Alexander Woollcott, drama critic for the New York Times, others who achieved considerable fame; as a journalist, Baldridge traveled and saw as much as any general. His work appeared in every issue of Stars and Stripes from March 1918 until the end of the War in November, 1918, portrayed the full range of emotion of soldiers facing death at the Front.
HaroldRoss called him the greatest illustrator of the War. Cyrus Baldridge saw as much of the War as anyone could, having traveled with the German army as a journalist in the beginning, being part of both the French and American campaigns, he had walked among piles of dead soldiers and lines of innocent people filling the roads after their homes had been destroyed. He had begun as an idealistic follower of the Wilsonian dream but, by the end, was dreadfully disillusioned with war and the colonialism that lay behind it. In the Chicago Evening Post he described what he had seen as "... a nightmare of horror: a red vision of machine guns and dead men, inspiring only a feeling of disgust for the cold efficiency with which it was accomplished."Baldridge's reputation as an illustrator was launched in the United States when his battlefield drawings appeared on many covers of Leslie's Weekly and Scribners. His illustrations in Stars and Stripes reached an audience of 530,000 soldiers weekly by the end of the War and many copies were sent home to family and friends.
After the war he assembled his sketches as his first book, I was There with the Yanks in France. I Was There is a collection of sketches that record, better than cameras could, intimate moments of sadness and relaxation; the book's publication was more than an artistic triumph. Through it Baldridge meant to carry his perceptions of the War to the world; as he told Harry Hansen, "If only I can make the public see what war is – what a dirty, low thing it is, how brutal it makes men, fine clean men – they'd fight to the last ditch for the League of Nations."Like most liberals in the 1920s Baldridge believed that war could be outlawed and espoused a one-world internationalism. He was a follower of Norman Thomas and at least once spoke on behalf of Jane Addams' pacifist Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. In 1922 he joined the Willard Straight Postof the American Legion in New York. Formed by John Dos Passos, Walter Lippman by other liberal intellectuals, it was the only Post to stand against the conservative leadership of the American Legion.
In 1936, as president of the Willard Straight Post and chairman of the Legion's New York Committee on Americanism, Baldridge wrote and illustrated a 16-page booklet, Americanism -- What Is It, designed to be distributed in schools for use in the civics curriculum. Mild in