Wyncote is a census-designated place bordering North Philadelphia in Cheltenham Township, Montgomery County, United States. Wyncote is located 5 miles from Center City Philadelphia at the southeasternmost tip of Montgomery County; the Jenkintown-Wyncote SEPTA station is the fifth busiest regional rail station in the SEPTA system. Wyncote is bordered by the Cheltenham neighborhoods of Glenside, Elkins Park, La Mott, Cedarbrook. Wyncote is located at 40°5′34″N 75°8′33″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.8 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 3,044 people, 1,057 households, 713 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 3,732.5 people per square mile. There were 1,069 housing units at an average density of 1,309.9/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 79.7% White, 13.6% African American, 0.03% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.
There were 1,057 households, out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 21.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.08. In the CDP the population was spread out, with 20.3% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 19.5% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, 32.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females, there were 75.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.9 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $77,043, the median income for a family was $91,217. Males had a median income of $60,592 versus $41,458 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $32,340. None of the families and 2.2% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 4.9% of those over 64.
Eddie Applegate - Actor Chris Conlin, All-American football player at Penn State Cyrus Hermann Kotzschmar Curtis, longtime publisher of The Saturday Evening Post and Ladies' Home Journal, as well as other magazines and newspapers Marian Filar, Polish-born American-based concert pianist and virtuoso Reggie Jackson, retired Hall of Fame baseball player. John Charles Martin, newspaper publisher Yonatan Netanyahu, Israeli soldier and Entebbe rescue commander, it was made a historic district for its Architecture, Community Planning, Development. The district covers over 100 acres, 178 contributing buildings; the Wyncote Historic District has a number of restored Victorian-era homes. The All Hallows Church was designed by a firm founded by Philadelphia architect Frank Furness. Wyncote has a number of classical Philadelphia stone colonial revival homes. Wyncote is served through regional rail at the Jenkintown-Wyncote train station; the building is a historic structure, dating back to its original use with the North Pennsylvania Railroad.
Trains pass through going south to Philadelphia or north to Bucks County. Wyncote is a 30-minute train ride from downtown Philadelphia. Wyncote is served by SEPTA buses, in particular the 77 route, which connects Chestnut Hill to Mayfair,Philadelphia. Wyncote is in a convenient location driving-wise; the following are the most traveled roads in Wyncote: PA 73 provides a thruway for Wyncote, Cheltenham Township, Montgomery County as a whole. PA 309 has its beginnings with the intersection of PA 611, continues up through Wyncote, it provides a key route to the Pennsylvania Turnpike. PA 152 known as Limekiln Pike, connects PA 309 and PA 73 in Wyncote. Wyncote has the climate of a typical Mid-Atlantic town. Summers are hot with highs averaging in the high 80's, with lows being anywhere from the high 60's to the low 80's. Summers see some days climb into the 90's, some that top the 100-degree mark. Spring and Fall are pleasant, with highs averaging in the mid 60's, lows in the mid 40's. Winters are cold, with highs averaging around 40, lows averaging in the high teens.
The middle of winter sees a few days where highs don't escape the teens, lows fall into the single digits. The following is a chart of the average temperatures in Wyncote Curtis Hall Arboretum Thomas Williams Park Ancillae Assumpta Academy Wyncote Elementary School Cedarbrook Middle School Cheltenham High School Wyncote Academy Bishop McDevitt High School Reconstructionist Rabbinical College, the only seminary affiliated with Reconstructionist Judaism Arcadia University
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
Philadelphia, sometimes known colloquially as Philly, is the largest city in the U. S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the sixth-most populous U. S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863. Since 1854, the city has been coterminous with Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest U. S. metropolitan statistical area, with over 6 million residents as of 2017. Philadelphia is the economic and cultural anchor of the greater Delaware Valley, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis; the Delaware Valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States. William Penn, an English Quaker, founded the city in 1682 to serve as capital of the Pennsylvania Colony. Philadelphia played an instrumental role in the American Revolution as a meeting place for the Founding Fathers of the United States, who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 at the Second Continental Congress, the Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention of 1787.
Several other key events occurred in Philadelphia during the Revolutionary War including the First Continental Congress, the preservation of the Liberty Bell, the Battle of Germantown, the Siege of Fort Mifflin. Philadelphia was one of the nation's capitals during the revolution, served as temporary U. S. capital while Washington, D. C. was under construction. In the 19th century, Philadelphia became a railroad hub; the city grew from an influx of European immigrants, most of whom came from Ireland and Germany—the three largest reported ancestry groups in the city as of 2015. In the early 20th century, Philadelphia became a prime destination for African Americans during the Great Migration after the Civil War, as well as Puerto Ricans; the city's population doubled from one million to two million people between 1890 and 1950. The Philadelphia area's many universities and colleges make it a top study destination, as the city has evolved into an educational and economic hub. According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Philadelphia area had a gross domestic product of US$445 billion in 2017, the eighth-largest metropolitan economy in the United States.
Philadelphia is the center of economic activity in Pennsylvania and is home to five Fortune 1000 companies. The Philadelphia skyline is expanding, with a market of 81,900 commercial properties in 2016, including several nationally prominent skyscrapers. Philadelphia has more outdoor murals than any other American city. Fairmount Park, when combined with the adjacent Wissahickon Valley Park in the same watershed, is one of the largest contiguous urban park areas in the United States; the city is known for its arts, culture and colonial history, attracting 42 million domestic tourists in 2016 who spent US$6.8 billion, generating an estimated $11 billion in total economic impact in the city and surrounding four counties of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia has emerged as a biotechnology hub. Philadelphia is the birthplace of the United States Marine Corps, is the home of many U. S. firsts, including the first library, medical school, national capital, stock exchange and business school. Philadelphia contains 67 National Historic Landmarks and the World Heritage Site of Independence Hall.
The city became a member of the Organization of World Heritage Cities in 2015, as the first World Heritage City in the United States. Although Philadelphia is undergoing gentrification, the city maintains mitigation strategies to minimize displacement of homeowners in gentrifying neighborhoods. Before Europeans arrived, the Philadelphia area was home to the Lenape Indians in the village of Shackamaxon; the Lenape are a Native American tribe and First Nations band government. They are called Delaware Indians, their historical territory was along the Delaware River watershed, western Long Island, the Lower Hudson Valley. Most Lenape were pushed out of their Delaware homeland during the 18th century by expanding European colonies, exacerbated by losses from intertribal conflicts. Lenape communities were weakened by newly introduced diseases smallpox, violent conflict with Europeans. Iroquois people fought the Lenape. Surviving Lenape moved west into the upper Ohio River basin; the American Revolutionary War and United States' independence pushed them further west.
In the 1860s, the United States government sent most Lenape remaining in the eastern United States to the Indian Territory under the Indian removal policy. In the 21st century, most Lenape reside in Oklahoma, with some communities living in Wisconsin, in their traditional homelands. Europeans came to the Delaware Valley in the early 17th century, with the first settlements founded by the Dutch, who in 1623 built Fort Nassau on the Delaware River opposite the Schuylkill River in what is now Brooklawn, New Jersey; the Dutch considered the entire Delaware River valley to be part of their New Netherland colony. In 1638, Swedish settlers led by renegade Dutch established the colony of New Sweden at Fort Christina and spread out in the valley. In 1644, New Sweden supported the Susquehannocks in their military defeat of the English colony of Maryland. In 1648, the Dutch built Fort Beversreede on the west bank of the Delaware, south of the Schuylkill near the present-day Eastwick neighborhood, to reassert their dominion over the area.
The Swedes responded by building Fort Nya Korsholm, or New Korsholm, named after a town in Finland with a Swedish majority. In 1655, a
Jefferson (Philadelphia University + Thomas Jefferson University)
Jefferson known as Thomas Jefferson University, is a private university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was formed in 2017 through the merger of Thomas Jefferson University. At the 1876 Centennial Exposition, local textile manufacturers noticed that Philadelphia's textile industry was falling behind its rivals' capacity and ability. In 1880, they formed the Philadelphia Association of Manufacturers of Textile Fabrics, with Theodore C. Search as its president, to fight for higher tariffs on imported textiles and to educate local textile leaders. Search joined the board of directors of the Philadelphia Museum and School of Industrial Art, thinking it the perfect partner for his plans for a school, began fundraising in 1882. In early 1884, Search himself taught the first classes of the Philadelphia Textile School to five students at 1336 Spring Garden Street; the school was opened on November 5, 1884. The school moved to 1303-1307 Buttonwood Street in 1891 moved again in 1893. Enrollment had been growing and the school was turning away "bright young fellows" for lack of space.
Search and the board of trustees of the school took out a mortgage on the former Philadelphia Institute of the Deaf and Dumb on the corner of Broad and Spruce Streets. This allowed capacity of students. In 1942, the school was granted the right to award baccalaureate degrees and changed its name to the Philadelphia Textile Institute. In 1949, having decided to break its ties with the museum, PTI moved to its present site in the East Falls section of Philadelphia. In 1961, the school changed its name again, to Philadelphia College of Science; the university's student population doubled between 1954 and 1964, doubled again by 1978, with programs in the arts and business administration being introduced. The College purchased an adjoining property in 1972. In 1976, it offered the Master of Business Administration; the purchase of additional properties in East Falls in 1980 and 1988 nearly doubled the campus again, adding classrooms, research laboratories, student residences, athletic facilities. In 1992, the 54,000-square-foot Paul J. Gutman Library opened.
During the 1990s, the college began to offer undergraduate majors in a wider range of fields, resulting in the college being granted university status by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1999. The Board of Trustees voted to change the college’s name to Philadelphia University, or PhilaU for short, on July 13, 1999. Thomas Jefferson University began as a medical school. During the early 19th century, several attempts to create a second medical school in Philadelphia had been stymied by University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine alumni. In an attempt to circumvent that opposition, a group of Philadelphia physicians led by George McClellan sent an 1824 letter to the trustees of Jefferson College in Canonsburg, asking them to establish a medical department in Philadelphia; the trustees agreed, establishing the Medical Department of Jefferson College in Philadelphia in 1825. In response to a second request, the Pennsylvania General Assembly granted an expansion of Jefferson College's charter in 1826, endorsing the creation of the new department and allowing it to grant medical degrees.
An additional 10 Jefferson College trustees, including Joel Barlow Sutherland, were appointed to supervise the new facility from Philadelphia, owing to the difficulty of managing a medical department on the other side of the state. Two years this second board was granted authority to manage the Medical Department, while the Jefferson College trustees maintained veto power for major decisions; the first class was graduated in 1826, receiving their degrees only after the disposition of a lawsuit seeking to close the school. The first classes were held in the Tivoli Theater on Prune Street in Philadelphia, which had the first medical clinic attached to a medical school. Owing to the teaching philosophy of Dr. McClellan, classes focused on clinical practice. In 1828, the Medical Department moved to the Ely Building, which allowed for a large lecture space and the "Pit," a 700-seat amphitheater to allow students to view surgeries; this building had an attached hospital, the second such medical school/hospital arrangement in the nation, servicing 441 inpatients and 4,659 outpatients in its first year of operation.
The future founder of gynecology J. Marion Sims studied there from 1834-1835; the relationship with Jefferson College survived until 1838, when the Medical Department received a separate charter, allowing it to operate separately as the Jefferson Medical College. At this time, all instructors, including McClellan, were vacated from the school and the trustees hired all new individuals to teach; this has been considered the time at which the school came to be considered a "legitimate" medical school. In 1841, Jefferson Medical College hired what would be dubbed "The Faculty of'41", an influential collection of professors including Charles Delucena Meigs and Mütter Museum founder Thomas Dent Mütter; this collection of professors would institute numerous changes to Jefferson—including providing patient beds over a shop at 10th and Sansom Streets in 1844—and the staff would remain unchanged for 15 years. The graduating class of 1849 included a son of college founder Joel Barlow Sutherland, Charles Sutherland, who went on to serve as Surgeon General of the United States Army.
A 125-bed hospital, one of the first in the nation affiliated with a medical
The Franklin Institute is a science museum and the center of science education and research in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is named after the American scientist and statesman, Benjamin Franklin, houses the Benjamin Franklin National Memorial. Founded in 1824, the Franklin Institute is one of the oldest centers of science education and development in the United States. On February 5, 1824, Samuel Vaughan Merrick and William H. Keating founded the Franklin Institute of the State of Pennsylvania for the Promotion of the Mechanic Arts. "…With a view further to develop the resources of the union, increase the national independence, call forth the ingenuity and industry of the people, thereby increase the comforts of the community at large. Franklin Institute, opening day 1924, Begun in 1825, the Institute was an important force in the professionalization of American science and technology through the nineteenth century, beginning with early investigations into steam engines and water power. In addition to conducting scientific inquiry it fostered research and education by running schools, publishing the influential Journal of The Franklin Institute, sponsoring exhibitions, recognizing scientific advancement and invention with medals and awards.
In the late twentieth century the Institute's research roles gave way to educating the general public through its museum. The Bartol Research Foundation of the Franklin Institute, founded in 1924 to conduct research in the physical sciences, is now part of the University of Delaware; the Franklin Institute Laboratories for Research and Development operated from the Second World War into the 1980s. Many scientists have demonstrated groundbreaking new technology at the Franklin Institute. From September 2 to October 11, 1884, it hosted the International Electrical Exhibition of 1884, the first great electrical exposition in the United States; the world's first public demonstration of an all-electronic television system was given by Philo Taylor Farnsworth on August 25, 1934. The first female member, Elizabeth Skinner, was elected to membership in 1833; the Franklin Institute was integrated in 1870, when Philadelphia teacher and activist Octavius Catto was admitted as a member. The Institute's original building at 15 South 7th Street, now the home of the Atwater Kent Museum proved too small for the Institute's research, educational programs, library.
The Institute moved into its current home on the Benjamin Franklin Parkway, near the intersection with 20th Street, in 1934. The new facility was intended from the start to educate visitors through hand-on interactions with exhibits: "Visitors to this museum would be encouraged to touch and operate the exhibits in order to learn how things work." Funds to build the new Institute and Franklin Memorial came from the Poor Richard Club, the City Board of Trust, the Benjamin Franklin Memorial, Inc. and the Franklin Institute. John T. Windrim's original design was a square building surrounding the Benjamin Franklin Statue, which had yet to be built. Despite the effects of the Great Depression, the Benjamin Franklin Memorial, Inc. raised $5 million between December 1929 and June 1930. Only two of the four wings envisioned by Windrim were built. On March 31, 1940, press agent William Castellini issued a press release stating that the world would end the next day; the story was picked up by KYW, which reported, "Your worst fears that the world will end are confirmed by astronomers of Franklin Institute, Philadelphia.
Scientists predict. This is no April Fool joke. Confirmation can be obtained from Wagner Schlesinger, director of the Fels Planetarium of this city." This caused a panic in the city which only subsided when the Franklin Institute assured people it had made no such prediction. Castellini was dismissed shortly thereafter. On December 21, 2017, during a party hosted by the museum, a partygoer with his companions slipped into a closed-off exhibit of ten terracotta warriors on loan from China. After his companions left, the partygoer stole a thumb from one of the warriors. Law enforcement agents recovered the stolen thumb; the vandalized cavalryman is valued at 4.5 million USD, is considered a "priceless part of China's cultural heritage". The vandalism stoked outrage in Chinese media such as Xinhua; the Franklin Institute blamed its external security contractor, stated it has reviewed its security measures and procedures to prevent such situations from recurring. James Ronaldson Samuel V. Merrick John C.
Cresson William Sellers John Vaughan Merrick Coleman Sellers Robert Empie Rogers William Penn Tatham Joseph Miller Wilson Dr. Walton Clark Dr. W. Laurence LePage Dr. Athelstan F. Spilhaus Dr. Bowen C. Dees Dr. Joel N. Bloom Dr. James L. Powell Dr. Dennis M. Wint Larry Dubinski Donald Morel William J. Avery Marsha R. Perelman James A. Unruh In 2006, the Franklin Institute began fundraising activities for the Inspire Science! capital campaign, a $64.7 million campaign intended to fund the construction of a 53,000 square foot building addition, new exhibits, upgrades and renovations to the existing Institute building and exhibits. In 2011, the Franklin Institute received a $10 million gift from Athena and Nicholas Karabots towards the Inspire Science! capital campaign. This gift is the largest gift in the Institute's history, put the Franklin Institute within $6 million of the $64
John Wanamaker was an American merchant and religious and political figure, considered by some to be a proponent of advertising and a "pioneer in marketing". He was born in Philadelphia and served as U. S. Postmaster General. Wanamaker was born on July 11, 1838, in a then-rural, unincorporated area that would in time come to be known as the Grays Ferry neighborhood of South Philadelphia, his parents were John Nelson Wanamaker, a brickmaker and a native of Kingwood, New Jersey and Elizabeth Deshong Kochersperger, daughter of a farmer and innkeeper at Gray's Ferry whose ancestors had hailed from Rittershoffen in Alsace and from Canton of Bern in Switzerland. In 1860 John Wanamaker married Mary Erringer Brown, they had six children: Thomas Brown Wanamaker, who married Mary Lowber Welch Lewis Rodman Wanamaker, who married Fernanda de Henry Horace Wanamaker Harriett E. "Nettie" Wanamaker Mary Brown "Minnie" Wanamaker, who married Barclay Harding Warburton I and was the mother of Barclay Harding Warburton II.
Elizabeth "Lillie" Wanamaker, who married Norman McLeodJohn Wanamaker's son, Thomas B. who specialized in store financial matters, purchased a Philadelphia newspaper called The North American in 1899 and irritated his father by giving regular columns to radical intellectuals such as single-taxer Henry George, Jr. socialist Henry John Nelson, socialist Caroline H. Pemberton; the younger Wanamaker began publishing a Sunday edition, which offended his father's Biblically informed religious views. His younger son Rodman, a Princeton graduate, lived in France early in his career and is credited with creating a demand for French luxury goods that persists to this day. Rodman was credited with the artistic emphasis that gave the Wanamaker stores their cachet and was a patron of fine music, organizing spectacular organ and orchestra concerts in the Wanamaker Philadelphia and New York stores under music director Alexander Russell. Wanamaker opened his first store in 1861, in partnership with his brother in-law Nathan Brown, called "Oak Hall", at Sixth and Market Streets in Philadelphia, adjacent to the site of George Washington's Presidential home.
Oak Hall grew based on Wanamaker's then-revolutionary principle: "One price and goods returnable". In 1869, he opened his second store at 818 Chestnut Street and capitalizing on his own name and growing reputation, renamed the company John Wanamaker & Co. In 1875, he purchased an abandoned railroad depot and converted it into a large store, called John Wanamaker & Co. "The Grand Depot". Wanamaker's is considered the first department store in Philadelphia. A large 12-story granite store in Philadelphia, known as the "Wanamaker Building", designed by famous Chicago architect Daniel H. Burnham, was completed in 1910 and dedicated by US President William Howard Taft; the store stands on the site of "The Grand Depot", encompassing an entire block at the corner of Thirteenth and Market Streets across from Philadelphia's City Hall. The new store, The Wanamaker Building, which still stands today, became a Philadelphia institution and has remained an integral part of the Philadelphia culture; the upper office tower began marketing itself as the Wanamaker Office Building in 2018.
The Wanamaker Building's most notable feature is its 12-story, marble-clad central atrium known as the Grand Court. The Grand Court became a Philadelphia favorite, highlighted by the Wanamaker Eagle and the Wanamaker Grand Court Organ. Among other things of note, the Grand Court has been featured in major motion pictures, such as: "Nasty Habits", "Mannequin", "Blow Out", "12 Monkeys"; the Wanamaker Grand Court Organ was designed by George Ashdown Audsley and built by the Los Angeles Art Organ Company for the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair; this heroic instrument had more than 10,000 pipes, cost $105,000 to construct. Wanamaker had it transported from St. Louis aboard 13 freight cars; the organ's installation took two years and it was played for the first time on June 22, 1911 to coincide with England's King George V's coronation. More than 8,000 pipes were added to the organ between 1911 and 1917. By 1930, an additional 10,000 pipes were installed, bringing the total number of pipes today to 28,500.
The instrument is of the American Symphonic school of design, intended to combine traditional organ resources with the tone colors and beauty of the symphony orchestra. Once a year in June, "Wanamaker Organ Day" is held, a free recital which lasts most of the day. John Wanamaker purchased a bronze bird sculpture by August Gaul, during the sculpture's visit to America in 1904 at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition; the 2,500-pound sculpture is a focal point of the store's grand court, whose floor had to be reinforced to hold the sculpture. Known as the "Wanamaker Eagle", it became a famous meeting place for Philadelphians. "Meet me at the Eagle" became a popular Philadelphia catchphrase. In November, 1955, the store tapped Frederick Yost, to create seasonal displays. Yost designed the Holiday Light Show for the Grand Court, creating a more contemporary display than previous years. Since the Holiday Light Show has become a beloved annual holiday tradition for generations of Philadelphians. Today, the light show has retained the look and feel of the original show.
Since 2006 the Macy's Dickens Village has been located on the store's third floor, continuing a cherished Philadelphia Christmas tradition that had
Curtis Publishing Company
The Curtis Publishing Company, founded in 1891 in Philadelphia, became one of the largest and most influential publishers in the United States during the early 20th century. The company's publications included the Ladies' Home Journal and The Saturday Evening Post, The American Home, Jack & Jill, Country Gentleman. In the 1940s, Curtis had a comic book imprint, Novelty Press; the Curtis Publishing Company was founded in 1891 by publisher Cyrus H. K. Curtis, who published the People's Ledger, a news magazine he had begun in Boston in 1872 and moved to Philadelphia in 1876; the city was a major publishing center. Curtis established the Tribune and Farmer in 1879. From a brief women's supplement, his wife Louisa Knapp Curtis developed a women's section and the Ladies' Home Journal, which she edited from 1883 to 1889. Curtis made these publications part of his new company. Curtis bought the Saturday Evening Post for $1000 in 1897 and developed it as one of the nation's most popular periodicals; the magazine had its roots in Ben Franklin's Pennsylvania Gazette and went as far back as 1728.
When Curtis took over the Post it had a subscription base of 2,000. The base was over 1 million by 1960 was over six million. Editor George Lorimer brought in top writers and illustrators and helped usher in "American's Golden Age of Illustration." Artists such as Norman Rockwell were featured as well as J. C. Leyendecker, John Clymer, Stevan Dohanos, Sarah Stilwell-Weber, John La Gatta. Curtis Publishing created a market research division in 1911 under Charles Coolidge Parlin; the goal of the division was to understand their customers and was one of the first market research firms. Curtis reported record earnings of $21 million on $84 million in revenue in 1929. Curtis spun off their market research division, National Analysts, as an independent organization to provide market research services to business and government. In 1946, Curtis Publishing bought and launched Holiday magazine, focusing on travel and photo essays; the advent of television in the late 1940s and early 1950s competed for people's attention and eroded the popularity of general-interest periodicals such as the Post and the Journal.
The New York Times reported that both the finance markets and Madision Avenue were watching Curtis Publishing's efforts to save itself after a financial decline. The reason the New York Times gave for the attention, "the status of the venerable Curtis empire, the colorful cast of characters directing the comeback attempt, the vast sums of money at stake. In addition, Curtis's troubles seemed to reflect the difficulties encountered by the mass magazines industry as a whole in adjusting to an era dominated by the spiraling growth of television." It wasn't until 1962 that the issues became visible in lost revenue. In 1961 Curtis Publishing's president Robert A. MacNeal announced that the company had lost money for the first time in the more than seven decades since its incorporation; the company's revenues showed a loss of $4,194,000 on $178.4 million in revenue that year. The next year in 1962, company had a loss of $18.9 million. Curtis management went to Serge Semenenko who had helped the Hearst Corporation to reorganize and Semenenko arranged for a six-bank syndicate to loan $10.5 million to Curtis.
Many experts noted. Many of their competitors such as Time, Inc. and McCall Corporation had diversified while Curtis remained focused on their two key periodicals--Saturday Evening Post and Ladies' Home Journal. Their other magazines -- Holiday, Jack & Jill, American -- could not make up the lost revenue of the main periodicals; the Saturday Evening Post was no longer the top mass market periodical, having been surpassed by Life magazine in 1942 and spiraling into a ten-year decline in advertising revenue after World War II. The Ladies' Home Journal lost their position to McCall's in 1960. Other experts cited that the two flagship magazines "simply grew old." They "fell into a formula that tended to attract older readers rather than the young married couples that advertisers wanted to reach." They stayed away from some of the more aggressive circulation promotion techniques used by their competitors. Matthew J. Culligan, President of Curtis, cited another downfall in the use of its own presses and its own paper.
Culligan said, "This sort of self-sufficiency is fine in good times but it imposes an intolerable burden when business goes bad." They had failed to follow the model of some of their competitors by diversifying into television, news magazines or book publishing after World War II. Meanwhile the company made a number of executive changes at their magazine properties. Ben Hibbs, the editor of the Saturday Evening Post since 1942, retired, as did Bruce and Beatrice Gould of the Ladies' Home Journal; the Post attempted to reinvent itself with flashy graphics. Two editors--Robert Fouss and Curtiss Anderson came and went. Ted Patrick, editor of Holiday magazine, said that Darwinian cost-cutting would be the kiss of death to Holiday. Curtis received another loan of $5.5 million in 1964 to be used to make investments in new editorial properties. Perfect Film loaned the company $5 million in 1968 at the request of Curtis's primary loan holder, First National Bank of Boston, to extend its loans. Curtis sold its Philadelphia headquarters to real estate developer John W. Merriam for $7.3 million to pay off most of the First National loan.
In 1968, Curtis Publishing sold the Ladies' Home Journal and The American Home to Downe Communications for $5.4 mil