Valley Head, West Virginia
Valley Head is a census-designated place in Randolph County, West Virginia, United States. Valley Head is located on U. S. Route 219 12 miles south-southwest of Huttonsville. Valley Head has a post office with ZIP code 26294; as of the 2010 census, its population was 267. The community was named for the nearby headwaters of the Tygart Valley River. Country musician and Grand Ole Opry member Wilma Lee Cooper was born in Valley Head in 1921. Banking executive Jean Yokum was born in Valley Head in 1931; the climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, there is adequate rainfall year-round. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Valley Head has a marine west coast climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps. Traveling 219: Valley Head
Randolph County, West Virginia
Randolph County is a county located in the U. S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,405, its county seat is Elkins. The county is named for Edmund Jennings Randolph. Randolph County comprises West Virginia, Micropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,040 square miles, of which 1,040 square miles is land and 0.3 square miles is water. It is the largest county in West Virginia by area. Tygart Valley River Shavers Fork Laurel Fork Point Mountain Cheat Mountain White Top, a knob of Cheat Mountain Laurel Mountain Rich Mountain Shavers Mountain Gaudineer Knob, a knob of Shavers Mountain Bowden Cave Sinks of Gandy Blister Run Swamp Gaudineer Scenic Area Shavers Mountain Spruce-Hemlock Stand Tucker County Pendleton County Pocahontas County Webster County Upshur County Barbour County Monongahela National Forest United States National Radio Quiet Zone As of the census of 2000, there were 28,262 people, 11,072 households, 7,661 families residing in the county.
The population density was 27 people per square mile. There were 13,478 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.69% White, 1.07% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, 0.53% from two or more races. 0.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 11,072 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.70% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.80% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.89. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, 15.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years.
For every 100 females there were 101.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,299, the median income for a family was $32,632. Males had a median income of $24,751 versus $17,819 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,918. About 13.40% of families and 18.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.30% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 29,405 people, 11,695 households, 7,753 families residing in the county; the population density was 28.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 14,189 housing units at an average density of 13.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.3% white, 1.2% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 26.3% were German, 15.9% were Irish, 12.0% were English, 10.2% were American, 5.4% were Italian.
Of the 11,695 households, 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.7% were non-families, 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 43.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $36,176 and the median income for a family was $47,071. Males had a median income of $34,903 versus $25,988 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,472. About 12.7% of families and 17.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.1% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over. Elkins Beverly Harman Huttonsville Mill Creek Montrose Womelsdorf Randolph County was part of Virginia until the American Civil War, in which the county was contested in the Western Virginia Campaign; the Battle of Rich Mountain was fought in the county. Herman Ball, football player Lemuel Chenoweth, master covered bridge builder William Wallace Barron, former governor, indicted for bribery and jury tampering.
Dellos Clinton "Sheriff" Gainer, major league baseball player Marshall Goldberg, football player Wilma Lee Cooper Grand Ole Opry and WWVA Jamboree star Stoney Cooper, Grand Ole Opry and WWVA Jamboree star Eldora Marie Bolyard Nuzum, American newspaper editor and interviewer of U. S. Presidents Becky Creek Wildlife Management Area National Register of Historic Places listings in Randolph County, West Virginia Elkins Randolph County Tourism and Visitors Bureau Elkins Depot Welcome Center
Cheat Bridge, West Virginia
Cheat Bridge is an unincorporated community in southeastern Randolph County, West Virginia, United States. It is located near U. S. Route 250's crossing of Shavers Fork; as its name suggests, Cheat Bridge is named for a historical bridge over Shavers Fork of Cheat River located here and first built in the 19th century to service the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. The original covered bridge was built before the American Civil War. After the Battle of Greenbrier River, Union troops used the bridge when they built extensive military defenses at nearby Cheat Summit. Over 40 years celebrated satirist and short story writer Ambrose Bierce revisited the site of his youthful service, he found that “…the old wooden covered bridge across the Cheat River looks hardly a day older, is still elaborately decorated with soldiers’ names carven with jack-knives.”The current bridge is a steel truss bridge built in 1912 by the Canton Bridge Company. It carries County Route 250/4; the existing bridge has a 3-ton load limit.
Today, U. S. Route 250 crosses the Shavers Fork River on a 1934 truss bridge located 0.5 miles north of Cheat Bridge. Cheat Bridge serves as a stop for the Cheat Mountain Salamander train operated by the Durbin and Greenbrier Valley Railroad. Prior to 2008, the Cheat Mountain Salamander was powered by a railcar that departed from Cheat Bridge. Beginning in 2008, this train is now operated as a regular passenger train departing from the Elkins depot. For a shorter 3-hour trip to Spruce, passengers may still board at Cheat Bridge. Monongahela National Forest Gaudineer Knob, located to the east on Shavers Mountain White Top, located to the west on Cheat Mountain
Elkins, West Virginia
Elkins is a city in and the county seat of Randolph County, West Virginia, United States. The community was incorporated in 1890 and named in honor of Stephen Benton Elkins, a U. S. Senator from West Virginia; the population was 7,094 at the 2010 census. Elkins is home to Davis and Elkins College and to the Mountain State Forest Festival, held in early October every year. Before its major development, the area that would become Elkins was known as Leadsville, was the site of a few scattered homesteads – a place where the local farmers' corn crop was loaded onto boats and floated down the Tygart Valley River; the City of Elkins was developed by U. S. Senators Henry Gassaway Davis and Stephen Benton Elkins – and named for the latter – in 1890; the two founders developed railroad lines, coal mines, timbering businesses. Together, they built the West Virginia Central and Pittsburgh Railway into Elkins in 1889, opening a vast territory to industrial development by the late 1890s. After an intense political "war" with nearby Beverly, where the new county courthouse building was burned down in 1897 under suspicious circumstances, Elkins became the county seat in 1899.
This was resolved, only after multiple referenda, court judgments, the mobilization of armed bands in both towns. In the end, bloodshed was averted. In 1904 the new Randolph County Courthouse – designed in the Richardsonian Romanesque style – was completed in Elkins; as the railroad expanded, Elkins experienced the luxury of passenger train service. In 1930, 18 passenger trains were leaving Elkins daily. All passenger service was discontinued in 1958. Where the view of the new town was most delightful and picturesque and Elkins each built permanent places of residence, known as Graceland and Halliehurst, respectively. Today, Elkins has an active economic development authority, chamber of commerce, downtown business organization and numerous social and service organizations that sponsor annual events like the Mountain State Forest Festival, which brings thousands of people into the city every year; as of the census of 2010, there were 7,094 people, 3,038 households, 1,756 families residing in the city.
The population density was 2,068.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,421 housing units at an average density of 997.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.5% White, 1.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population. There were 3,038 households of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.6% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 42.2% were non-families. Of all households 35.4% were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.80. The median age in the city was 39.6 years. 20.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,032 people, 2,988 households, 1,756 families residing in the city.
The population density was 2,207.7 people per square mile. There were 3,362 housing units at an average density of 1,055.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.94% White, 0.90% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.31% from other races, 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.77% of the population. There were 2,988 households out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.2% were non-families. Of all households 35.8% were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.83. In the city the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.4 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,906, the median income for a family was $34,291. Males had a median income of $27,012 versus $19,154 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,916. About 14.4% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over. Elkins is located at the confluence of the Tygart Valley Leading Creek; the average elevation is 2,000 feet above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.43 square miles, all land. Elkins is headquarters for the Monongahela National Forest, a 910,155-acre federal reserve encompassing the "High Alleghenies" area to the east of the city. In 1995, a second edition of The 100 Best Small Towns in America, written by Norman Crampton, featured Elkins among the special places in the United States. Crampton quoted Editor Emerita of The Inter-Mountain, Eldora Marie Bolyard Nuzum, "You can stand on any street in Elkins and turn in all directions and see forest covered mountains rimming the city.
It is unbelievable." Record weather events include: High temperature: 99 °F (37 °C
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Helvetia, West Virginia
Helvetia is a census-designated place in Randolph County, West Virginia, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 59; the isolated community was settled by Swiss starting in 1869, is known today for maintaining Swiss traditions and folkways. After the end of the Civil War, a group of Swiss and German-speaking immigrants calling themselves the Grütliverein formed in Brooklyn, New York; the members agreed that they would all emigrate to another section of the country together when the time was right. A member of the society named Isler surveyed large swaths of the eastern West Virginia mountains for a Washington-based firm, reported back to the society on the richness of the country. A committee of six men was assembled, left Brooklyn by rail on October 15, 1869, they began the difficult work of traveling by foot over the mountains. They reached a plot, on offer for sale on October 20, were disappointed by the extreme thickness of the wilderness in this settled and rugged country; the land was reasonably priced and they had offers of other assistance from the land agents in Clarksburg if they would encourage further settlement in the area.
After hearing the report of this exploration, the society members all decided they would go to West Virginia. Because of the low cost of the land, all of the settlers were able to buy their own tracts, ranging from a small house lot to hundreds of acres. An area of 100 acres was set aside at the center of the community and laid off into lots, which were sold to skilled tradesmen as an incentive. At the beginning of 1871, there were thirty-two people living in the community. A new arrival in that year, C. E. Lutz, became the local land agent and wrote advertisements in English and German for papers across the country extolling the virtues of the settlement. New settlers came from various parts of the United States and Canada, some immigrated directly from Switzerland. In addition to farmers and herdsmen, many craftsmen and professionals were among the settlers: stonemasons. By 1874 the community's population had grown to a heady 308; the Helvetia Village Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.
Helvetia is a playable location in the 2018 video game Fallout 76, set in the state of West Virginia. Fasnacht, last Saturday before Lent West Virginia Maple Syrup Festival, third Weekend in March Helvetia Ramp Supper, last Saturday in April Swiss National Holiday, Saturday nearest August 1 June 24, 25, 26 Helvetia Bliss Fest Helvetia Community Fair, second full weekend in September Helvetia Day, A Saturday near October 20. Helvetia WV News Photo Documentary of Helvetia West Virginia Community from SamandaDorger.com
Upshur County, West Virginia
Upshur County is a county in the U. S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,254, its county seat is Buckhannon. The county was formed in 1851 from Randolph and Lewis counties and named for Abel Parker Upshur, a distinguished statesman and jurist of Virginia. Upshur served as United States Secretary of State and Secretary of the Navy under President John Tyler. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 355 square miles, of which 355 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water. The county falls within the United States National Radio Quiet Zone; the highest elevation in Upshur County is 3160 feet, near Sugar Run on the Randolph and Upshur County lines just outside Palace Valley and Hemlock. It is reported there as an elevation marker at the site. U. S. Highway 33 U. S. Highway 48 U. S. Highway 119 West Virginia Route 4 West Virginia Route 20 Harrison County Barbour County Randolph County Webster County Lewis County As of the census of 2000, there were 24,254 people, 9,619 households, 6,528 families residing in the county.
The population density was 68.4 people per square mile. There were 11,099 housing units at an average density of 31.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.6% White, 0.7% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, 1% from two or more races. 1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 9,619 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.1% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.4 and the average family size was 2.88. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.7% from age 0 to 19, 7.60% from 20 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 97 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $39,381, whereas the median income for families was 44,937. Males had a median income of $36,517 versus $25,420 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,498. About 14.1% of families and 19.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 24,254 people, 9,619 households, 6,528 families residing in the county; the population density was 68.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 11,099 housing units at an average density of 31.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.6% white, 0.7% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 18.1% were German, 13.8% were American, 10.6% were Irish, 8.6% were English. Of the 9,619 households, 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.1% were non-families, 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 40.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $36,114 and the median income for a family was $44,937. Males had a median income of $36,517 versus $25,420 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,823. About 14.1% of families and 19.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over. Buckhannon Upshur County's six districts were formed on July 31, 1863: Banks District, named for Nathaniel Prentiss Banks. Buckhannon District, named for the county seat, the City of Buckhannon. Meade District, named for General George Gordon Meade. Union District, named for military soldiers serving the Union cause. Warren District, named for Gouverneur Kemble Warren. Washington District, named for President George Washington. Whereas most of West Virginia has seen a rapid and continuing shift to the Republican Party since the 1990s as a result of Democratic environmental and immigration politics, Upshur County – though Democratic during the Second Party System – has since statehood been a Republican stronghold due to its powerful Unionist sympathies from Civil War days, the association of the Democratic Party with the “Slave Power” and creating a war the yeoman residents had no desire to fight.
The solitary post-Civil War Democrat to win the county has been Lyndon Johnson in 1964, he won by only 168 votes. Since 1896, only two other Democrats – Jimmy Carter in 1976 and Bill Clinton in 1996 – have topped forty percent in the county. Economy includes coal mining and timber, as well as higher education – the Upshur County seat of Buckhannon is home to the small, liberal arts institution West Virginia Wesleyan College; the West Virginia State Wildlife Center in French Creek generates some income as a popular tourist attraction. Upshur County unintentionally gained some international notoriety during the Sago Mine disaster coal mine explosion on January 2, 2006, in the Sago Mine in Sago, near the Upshur County seat of Buckhannon; the blast and ensuing aftermath trapped 13 miners for nearly two days, only one of whom survived. It was the worst mining disaster in the US since a 2001 disaster in Alabama killed thirteen people, the worst disaster in West Virginia since a 1968 incident that killed 78 p