Czech legislative election, 2010

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Czech legislative election, 2010

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All 200 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
101 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Jiří Paroubek.JPG Necas in Latvia (cropped).jpg Karel Schwarzenberg on June 2, 2011.jpg
Leader Jiří Paroubek Petr Nečas Karel Schwarzenberg
Party ČSSD ODS TOP 09
Leader's seat Ústí nad Labem Zlín Prague
Last election 74 seats, 32.32% 81 seats, 35.28% split from KDU–ČSL
Seats won 56 53 41
Seat change Decrease 18 Decrease 28 Increase 41
Popular vote 1,155,267 1,057,792 873,833
Percentage 22.08% 20.22% 16.70%
Swing Decrease10.24pp Decrease15.06pp New party

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Vojtěch Filip 2013 (cropped).JPG Radek John 2.jpg
Leader Vojtěch Filip Radek John
Party KSČM VV
Leader's seat South Bohemia Prague
Last election 26 seats, 12.81% Did not stand
Seats won 26 24
Seat change Steady 0 Increase 24
Popular vote 589,765 569,127
Percentage 11.27% 10.88%
Swing Decrease1.54pp New party

Prime Minister before election

Jan Fischer
Independent

Elected Prime Minister

Petr Nečas
ODS

A legislative election in the Czech Republic took place on 28–29 May 2010 to elect the members of the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic.[1] The election had been expected to take place sometime before the end of 2009, but was postponed due to legal challenges,[2] before the election, the country had been governed by a caretaker administration headed by Jan Fischer.[3]

The election saw a loss of support for the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD), although they still received the highest number of votes,[4] the conservative Civic Democratic Party (ODS) and TOP 09 followed in second and third, with the Communist Party finishing fourth. ČSSD leader Jiří Paroubek resigned after the election, conceding that a conservative coalition government appeared likely, due to the rise in support for two new right-wing parties: TOP 09 and Public Affairs (VV). In June, a centre-right coalition of ODS, TOP 09, and VV was formed, with Petr Nečas becoming the prime minister.

Background[edit]

On 24 March 2009, after four previous failed attempts, the opposition ČSSD succeeded in passing a no confidence vote against the government of Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek (ODS) in the lower house of the Czech parliament. The measure passed with 101 votes to 96, with several members of Topolánek's own party voting with the opposition.[5]

On 28 March 2009, ČSSD leader Jiří Paroubek and Topolánek agreed to hold early elections in October 2009,[6] they later agreed to form an interim government of experts (before the end of the Czech EU presidency), with half of the government nominated by ČSSD and half by two parties of the incumbent government (ODS and The Greens; the third party KDU–ČSL did not participate), and that early elections would be held on 16–17 October 2009.[7] On 5 April 2009, Paroubek and Topolánek agreed on Jan Fischer, the head of the national statistical office, as the interim Prime Minister, to take over on 8 May 2009, and stated that elections would be held by 15 October 2009, most likely on 9–10 October 2009.[2]

The newly founded party Tradition Responsibility Prosperity 09 (TOP 09), which had split off from the KDU–ČSL, also contested the election. Some polls showed the party to be in fourth place, closely behind the Communist Party.[8]

The election date was initially scheduled for 1 July 2009,[9] but ex-ČSSD Independent MP Miloš Melčák filed a complaint with the Constitutional Court, on the grounds that he had a right to sit in parliament for a full term, and the election was postponed while the court examined the legality of the law setting the election date.[10] A hearing was scheduled for 10 September 2009; if the court ruled against the complaint at that hearing, elections would be held as planned, but politicians agreed that they would rather change the constitution to simplify the procedure of calling early elections, and using the new provisions, the election would be held with a delay of at most one month,[11][12] regardless of the court's decision, most likely on 6–7 November.[13][14]

Set of ballots with instructions (version for electoral district of Central Bohemia) as delivered to voters at least three days prior to elections

However, the Constitutional Court viewed the constitutional amendment calling for one-off early elections as a retroactive decision in violation of the existing constitutional procedures regulating early elections, and struck down the act on the grounds that it violated the procedure for constitutional amendments, the right to vote, and the inalienable principle of a law-abiding state,[15] as the Court ruled the election date invalid, the laws (a constitutional amendment and a law shortening election deadlines) were passed on 11 September as planned.[16] President Klaus signed the laws on 12 September, and parliament planned to dissolve itself on 15 September.[17] Melčák stated, however, that he would likely file another complaint if this plan went ahead.[18]

In a surprise move, ČSSD announced on 15 September that it would not vote in favour of dissolution, as the new law was likely to be challenged by Melčák again, and this would again call the legality of the election into question; they were now in favour of elections in mid-2010, on the initially scheduled dates.[19] ČSSD had 71 seats and needed ten more MPs to support their position to delay the election, but it was considered likely that they would succeed in blocking the election.[20][21] The Christian and Democratic Union (KDU-ČSL) also withdrew their support for early elections, meaning the election would be held in May 2010.[22]

Following controversial comments about the Catholic Church, Jews and homosexuals, ODS chairman Topolánek withdrew from the election and resigned as party leader on 26 March 2010,[23] he was replaced by Petr Nečas.[24]

Opinion polls[edit]

Date Polling Firm ČSSD ODS TOP 09 KSČM VV KDU-ČSL SZ SPOZ Others
28-29 May 2010 Election 22.1 20.2 16.7 11.3 10.9 4.4 2.4 4.3 7.7
7–12 May 2010 PPM Factum 26.3 22.9 10.9 13.1 12.6 5.5 2.5 2.6 3.6
3–10 May 2010 CVVM 30.5 19.0 14.0 13.0 11.5 3.5 4.5 2.0 2.0
28 April–4 May 2010 Sanep 29.9 22.3 10.1 12.9 9.8 4.7 2.8 5.5 2.0
23–28 April 2010 PPM Factum 27.5 21.7 11.1 13.9 11.0 5.2 2.9 3.2 3.5
13–28 April 2010 Médea Research 30.4 18.7 13.7 10.0 12.0 4.4 4.9 3.7 2.2
7–13 April 2010 Sanep 29.0 20.1 13.4 13.0 8.5 5.6 3.6 5.2 1.6

Campaign Finances[edit]

Party Money Spent
ODS 213,000,000 Kč[25]
ČSSD 184,124,000 Kč[25]
VV 108,047,075 Kč[25]
SPO 60,376,994 Kč[25]
TOP 09 53,628,000 Kč[25]
KDU-ČSL 50,000,000 Kč[25]
SZ 12,737,573 Kč[25]
KSČM 10,200,000 Kč[25]
ČS 7,000,000 Kč[25]
SSO 1,100,000 Kč[25]
ČPS 230,000 Kč[25]

Results[edit]

Proportion of seats after the election

The centre-left ČSSD won the most votes, with 22.1%.[3] The conservative ODS and TOP 09 followed with 20.2% and 16.7% respectively. The Communist Party came fourth with 11.3%, ahead of the centre-right VV which received 10.9%.[26] It was the first time that the Communists had finished lower than third in a Czech election.[27] TOP 09 and VV won seats in Parliament for the first time,[28] the Christian Democrats (4.4%), the Party of Civic Rights (4.3%), the Green Party (2.4%), and Sovereignty (3.7%), failed to gain the 5% necessary to enter parliament.[29][30] Voter turnout was 62.6% nationally,[31] highest in Prague-West District (71.69%) and lowest in Sokolov District (50.89%). The results were a setback for the Czech Republic's largest parties, ČSSD and ODS.[32] President Václav Klaus said that the results would cause a "fundamental weakening" of the two parties.[33]

Party Votes % seats +/–
Czech Social Democratic Party 1,155,267 22.08 56 –18
Civic Democratic Party 1,057,792 20.22 53 –28
TOP 09 873,833 16.70 41 New
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 589,765 11.27 26 0
Public Affairs 569,127 10.88 24 New
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party 229,717 4.39 0 –13
Party of Civic Rights – Zemanovci 226,527 4.33 0 New
Sovereignty – Jana Bobošíková Bloc 192,145 3.67 0 New
Green Party 127,831 2.44 0 –6
Workers' Party of Social Justice 59,888 1.14 0 New
Czech Pirate Party 42,323 0.80 0 New
Party of Free Citizens 38,897 0.74 0 New
Right Bloc 24,750 0.47 0 0
Citizens.cz 13,397 0.25 0 New
Moravané 11,914 0.22 0 0
Conservative Party 4,232 0.08 0 New
Koruna česká 4,024 0.07 0 0
STOP 3,155 0.06 0 New
Coalition for Republic – Republican Party of Czechoslovakia 1,993 0.03 0 0
Czech National Socialist Party 1,371 0.02 0 0
Key Movement 1,099 0.02 0 New
Humanist Party 552 0.01 0 0
European Centre 522 0.00 0 New
Czech National Social Party 295 0.00 0 0
Liberálové.CZ 260 0.00 0 0
National Prosperity 186 0.00 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 32,963
Total 5,230,859 100 200 0
Registered voters/turnout 8,415,892 62.60
Source: Czech Statistical Office
Popular vote
ČSSD
22.08%
ODS
20.22%
TOP 09
16.70%
KSČM
11.27%
VV
10.88%
KDU-ČSL
4.39%
SPOZ
4.33%
SBB
3.67%
SZ
2.44%
Others
4.02%
Parliamentary seats
ČSSD
28.00%
ODS
26.50%
TOP 09
20.05%
KSČM
13.00%
VV
12.00%

By region[edit]

Winning parties by region
Winning parties by district
Voter turnout by district

Prague[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
TOP 09 173,840 27.27 8
Civic Democratic Party 158,014 24.79 8
Czech Social Democratic Party 96,706 15.17 4
Public Affairs 65,742 10.31 3
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 41,647 6,53 2
Green Party 30,528 4.78 0
Party of Civic Rights – Zemanovci 19,851 3.11 0
Total (turnout 68.0%) 637,328   25

Central Bohemian Region[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Civic Democratic Party 150,465 23.87 7
Czech Social Democratic Party 129,368 20.52 6
TOP 09 110,865 17.59 5
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 69,368 11.00 3
Public Affairs 67,601 10.72 3
Sovereignty – Jana Bobošíková Bloc 27,430 4.35 0
Party of Civic Rights – Zemanovci 23,235 3.68 0
Total (turnout 64.26%) 630,203   24

Aftermath[edit]

After the election results were announced, Jiří Paroubek resigned as ČSSD leader, citing disappointment with the outcome,[34] and saying that "it seems that people have chosen the direction the republic should go in and it is a different direction than the one ČSSD were offering".[35] ČSSD had led comfortably in polling before the election, and its 22% share of the vote was a significant drop from the party's 32% in the 2006 election.[36] Paroubek conceded that a conservative coalition government was likely.[37] ODS, TOP 09 and VV had all committed to government spending cuts, raising the prospect of the formation of a fiscally conservative Cabinet,[29] the leaders of the three parties held coalition talks shortly after the results were released.[38] ODS leader Petr Nečas said that the three parties had a "common will" to join in government,[33][39] stating that their financial plans would work together to help the country avoid a crisis similar to the one taking place in Greece at the time.[35]

After extensive talks regarding the terms of the coalition,[35] Nečas was appointed Prime Minister on 28 June 2010.[40]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Willoughby, Ian (5 February 2010). "Czechs to go to polls in general elections on last weekend of May". Radio Prague. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Update 2-Czech leaders agree on cabinet, early election". Reuters. 5 April 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Bilefsky, Dan (29 May 2010). "Left Wins Czech Vote, but Right Makes Gains". New York Times. Retrieved 29 May 2010. 
  4. ^ "Czech Republic voters move to right in general election". BBC News. 30 May 2010. 
  5. ^ "Czech MPs oust government in vote". BBC News. 24 March 2009. 
  6. ^ "Czech Party Leaders Agree To Early Polls In October". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Reuters. 28 March 2009. 
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 July 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2009. 
  8. ^ "Support Eroding for Czech Social Democrats". Angus Reid Global Monitor. 31 August 2009. Archived from the original on 1 September 2009. 
  9. ^ "Czech president calls election for October 9–10". Reuters India. 1 July 2009. 
  10. ^ "Czech Constitutional Court postpones decree on early elections". ČeskéNoviny.cz. 1 September 2009. 
  11. ^ Carney, Sean (3 September 2009). "Czechs Try to Get Snap Election Back on Track". The Wall Street Journal. p. A4. 
  12. ^ Mlcochova, Jana (2 September 2009). "Czech leaders agree to secure quick election". Forbes. Reuters. 
  13. ^ "Czech lawmakers agree to amend Constitution". Aktuálně.cz. 9 September 2009. 
  14. ^ "Czech PM: Election likely in Nov, Oct possible". Reuters. 3 September 2009. 
  15. ^ "Dokument: Stručné zdůvodnění ÚS ke kauze volby". aktualne.cz (in Czech). 10 September 2009. Retrieved 27 September 2010. 
  16. ^ "Verfassungsreform in Prag im Eilzugstempo". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). 12 September 2009. 
  17. ^ "Klaus signs both laws leading to Czech early elections". ČeskéNoviny.cz. ČTK. 12 September 2009. 
  18. ^ "Weg für Neuwahlen geebnet". derStandard.at (in German). 13 September 2009. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. 
  19. ^ "Czech Social Democrats say not to back early election move". World Bulletin. Reuters. 15 September 2009. [permanent dead link]
  20. ^ "Czech Chamber to hardly dissolve itself without CSSD's support". ČeskéNoviny.cz. ČTK. 15 September 2009. 
  21. ^ "Czech Republic's snap November poll cast in doubt". Monsters and Critics. Deutsche Presse-Agentur. 15 September 2009. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012. 
  22. ^ "Czech Republic's snap November poll likely scrapped (1st Lead)". Monsters and Critics. Deutsche Presse-Agentur. 15 September 2009. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012. 
  23. ^ "Czech ex-premier Topolanek pulls out of election race". Earth Times. Deutsche Presse-Agentur. 25 March 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2010. 
  24. ^ "Necas replaces Topolanek as ODS election leader". ČeskéNoviny.cz. ČTK. 25 March 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2010. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k televize, Česká. "VELKÝ PŘEHLED: Strany vyhazují za kampaně desítky milionů. Podívejte se do jejich účetnictví". Retrieved 14 August 2016. 
  26. ^ "Czech Vote Leaves Unclear Who Will Form Next Govt". National Public Radio. 30 May 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2010. [dead link]
  27. ^ Carney, Sean (29 May 2010). "Czech Election May Produce Center-Right Coalition, Sidelines Communists". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 29 May 2010. 
  28. ^ Laca, Peter; Chamonikolas, Krystof (29 May 2010). "Czech Voters Choose Spending Cuts Amid European Debt Crisis". Bloomberg. Retrieved 29 May 2010. [permanent dead link]
  29. ^ a b Laca, Peter (29 May 2010). "Early Czech Votes Show Anti-Deficit Cabinet Possible (Update1)". Bloomberg. Retrieved 29 May 2010. [permanent dead link]
  30. ^ Total voting results, Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 29 May 2010.
  31. ^ Janicek, Karel (29 May 2010). "Czech vote leaves unclear who will form next govt". Associated Press. Retrieved 29 May 2010. 
  32. ^ Flemr, Jan (30 May 2010). "Small Czech parties trigger political 'earthquake'". AFP. Retrieved 30 May 2010. 
  33. ^ a b "Czech centre-right coalition likely". Al-Jazeera. 30 May 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2010. 
  34. ^ "Czech SocDem leader quits after poor election result". Reuters. 29 May 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2010. 
  35. ^ a b c "Czech Republic voters move to right in general election". BBC News. 30 May 2010. Retrieved 31 May 2010. 
  36. ^ "Stage set for Czech coalition government". CNN. 30 May 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2010. 
  37. ^ "Czech SocDem leader sees right-wing coalition". Reuters. 29 May 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2010. 
  38. ^ "Czechs Choose Budget Cuts Amid European Debt Crisis (Update1)". Bloomberg. 30 May 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2010. [permanent dead link]
  39. ^ "ODS navrhuje na Premiéra Nečase kongres svolá za tři týdny (in Czech)". Novinky.cz. 30 May 2010. Retrieved 31 May 2010. 
  40. ^ Kopecký, Josef (28 June 2010). "Klaus jmenoval Nečase premiérem. Země má teď dočasně hned dva". iDnes (in Czech). Retrieved 28 June 2010. 

External links[edit]