The Extraliga rugby is a rugby club competition played in the Czech Republic and is the top level of rugby in the country. There is a promotion-relegation process between the Národní liga ragby; the league used to be known as KB Extraliga due to sponsorship by Komerční banka which lasted until the 2014/15 season. The season runs from September to May, although in the 2008 season, it was only from August through November 2008. Since 2008 the final has been played at the Synot Tip Arena in Prague. JIMI RC Vyškov are the current champions; the league was first played with Vyškov as the first champions. Prior to the foundation of the league, clubs competed in the Czechoslovak Championship, it became known under the KB Extraliga name in 2003, when KB started sponsoring the Czech Rugby Union, as well as the national teams and leagues. For the 2016/17 season the name changed to Extraliga ragby in line with the Czech rugby union league system restructure. 2016–17 season The scores in blue are links to accounts of finals on the site of the Czech Rugby Union - in Czech The following table lists the Czech rugby champions by region.
Rugby union in the Czech Republic 80 let Českého Ragby 1926-2006
World Rugby is the world governing body for the sport of rugby union. World Rugby organises the Rugby World Cup every four years, the sport's most recognised and most profitable competition, it organises a number of other international rugby competitions, such as the World Rugby Sevens Series, the Rugby World Cup Sevens, the World Under 20 Championship, the Pacific Nations Cup. World Rugby's headquarters are in Ireland, its membership now comprises 120 national unions. Each member country must be a member of one of the six regional unions into which the world is divided: Africa, Americas North, Europe, South America and Oceania. World Rugby was founded as the International Rugby Football Board in 1886 by Scotland and Ireland, with England joining in 1890. Australia, New Zealand and South Africa became full members in 1949. France became a member in 1978 and a further eighty members joined from 1987 to 1999; the body was renamed the International Rugby Board in 1998, took up its current name of World Rugby in November 2014.
In 2009, the International Olympic Committee voted to include rugby sevens in the 2016 Summer Olympics. World Rugby gained membership of the Association of Summer Olympic International Federations in 2010; until 1885 the laws of rugby football were made by England as the founder nation. However, following a disputed try in an international between Scotland and England in 1884, letters were exchanged in which England claimed that they made the laws, the try should stand. Scotland refused to play England in the 1885 Home Nations Championship. Following the dispute, the home unions of Scotland and Wales decided to form an international union whose membership would agree on the standard rules of rugby football; the three nations met in Dublin in 1886. On 5 December 1887, committee members of the Irish Rugby Football Union, Scottish Rugby Union and Welsh Rugby Union met in Manchester and wrote up the first four principles of the International Rugby Football Board. England refused to take part in the founding of the IRFB, stating that they should have greater representation, as they had more clubs.
The England Union refused to accept the IRFB as the recognised lawmaker of the game. This led to the IRFB taking the stance of member countries not playing England until they joined, no games were played against England in 1888 and 1889. In 1890 England joined the IRFB; the same year, the IRFB wrote the first international laws of rugby union. In 1893, the IRFB was faced with the divide between amateurism and professionalism, nicknamed the "Great Schism". Following the introduction of working class men to the game in Northern England, clubs began paying "broken time" payments to players, due to the loss of earnings from playing on a Saturday. Cumberland County Union complained of another club using monetary incentives to lure players, leading to the IRFB conducting an enquiry; the IRFB was warned by all the chief clubs in Lancashire and Yorkshire that any punishment would lead to the clubs seceding from the union. The debate over broken time payments caused the 22 leading clubs in Yorkshire and Lancashire to form the Northern Rugby Football Union.
The competing unions' laws of the game diverged immediately. England's seats on the IRFB were reduced from six to four in 1911; the Australian Rugby Union, New Zealand Rugby Football Union and South African Rugby Board joined the board with one seat each in 1948, with England's seats being reduced to two, the same as the other home nations. The three Southern Hemisphere unions were given a second seat each in 1958; the French Rugby Federation was admitted in 1978 and the Argentine Rugby Union, Canadian Rugby Union, Italian Rugby Federation and Japan Rugby Football Union were admitted in 1991. In 2016, Georgia and the USA were added to the voting Council with one vote each. Additionally, current Council members Argentina and Italy were granted a second representative and vote; the six regional associations represented on the Council received an additional vote. It is thought. In 1983 and 1984 the Australian and New Zealand Rugby Football Unions each proposed hosting such a tournament; the following year the board committed to conduct a feasibility study.
A year there was another meeting in Paris, the Union subsequently voted on the idea. It was the South African Rugby Board's vote that proved to be crucial in setting up a tied vote, as they voted in favour though they knew they would be excluded due to the sporting boycott because of their apartheid policies. English and Welsh votes were changed, the vote was won 10 to 6; as at January 2017, World Rugby has 17 associated unions. Membership of World Rugby is a four-step process: A Union must apply to become an associate member of its Regional Union After all membership criteria are met, including one year as an associate member, the Union is admitted to the Regional Union as a full member After completion of stages 1 and 2, two years as a full member of a Regional Union, the Union may apply to become an Associate member of World Rugby; as an associate member, the union can participate in World Rugby funded tournaments but not the Rugby World Cup Following two years of associate membership of World Rugby, the union may apply to become a Full MemberRegional Unions Six regional associations, which represent each continent, are affiliated with World Rugby and help to develop the
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia, was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1 January 1993. From 1939 to 1945, following its forced division and partial incorporation into Nazi Germany, the state did not de facto exist but its government-in-exile continued to operate. From 1948 to 1990, Czechoslovakia was part of the Eastern Bloc with a command economy, its economic status was formalized in membership of Comecon from 1949 and its defense status in the Warsaw Pact of May 1955. A period of political liberalization in 1968, known as the Prague Spring, was forcibly ended when the Soviet Union, assisted by several other Warsaw Pact countries, invaded. In 1989, as Marxist–Leninist governments and communism were ending all over Europe, Czechoslovaks peacefully deposed their government in the Velvet Revolution. In 1993, Czechoslovakia split into the two sovereign states of Slovakia.
Form of state1918 – 1938: A democratic republic championed by Tomáš Masaryk. 1938 – 1939: After annexation of Sudetenland by Nazi Germany in 1938, the region turned into a state with loosened connections among the Czech and Ruthenian parts. A large strip of southern Slovakia and Carpatho-Ukraine was annexed by Hungary, the Zaolzie region was annexed by Poland. 1939 – 1945: The region was split into the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia and the Slovak Republic. A government-in-exile continued to exist in London, supported by the United Kingdom, United States and their Allies. Czechoslovakia adhered to the Declaration by United Nations and was a founding member of the United Nations. 1946 – 1948: The country was governed by a coalition government with communist ministers, including the prime minister and the minister of interior. Carpathian Ruthenia was ceded to the Soviet Union. 1948 – 1989: The country became a socialist state under Soviet domination with a centrally planned economy. In 1960, the country became a socialist republic, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic.
It was a satellite state of the Soviet Union. 1969 – 1990: The federal republic consisted of the Czech Socialist Republic and the Slovak Socialist Republic. 1990 – 1992: Following the Velvet Revolution, the state was renamed the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, consisting of the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic, reverted to a democratic republic. NeighboursAustria 1918 – 1938, 1945 – 1992 Germany Hungary Poland Romania 1918 – 1938 Soviet Union 1945 – 1991 Ukraine 1991 – 1992 TopographyThe country was of irregular terrain; the western area was part of the north-central European uplands. The eastern region was composed of the northern reaches of the Carpathian Mountains and lands of the Danube River basin. ClimateThe weather is mild summers. Influenced by the Atlantic Ocean from the west, Baltic Sea from the north, Mediterranean Sea from the south. There is no continental weather. 1918–1920: Republic of Czechoslovakia /Czecho-Slovak State, or Czecho-Slovakia/Czechoslovakia 1920–1938: Czechoslovak Republic, or Czechoslovakia 1938–1939: Czecho-Slovak Republic, or Czecho-Slovakia 1945–1960: Czechoslovak Republic, or Czechoslovakia 1960–1990: Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, or Czechoslovakia April 1990: Czechoslovak Federative Republic and Czecho-Slovak Federative Republic The country subsequently became the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic, or Československo and Česko-Slovensko.
The area was long a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the empire collapsed at the end of World War I. The new state was founded by Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, who served as its first president from 14 November 1918 to 14 December 1935, he was succeeded by his close ally, Edvard Beneš. The roots of Czech nationalism go back to the 19th century, when philologists and educators, influenced by Romanticism, promoted the Czech language and pride in the Czech people. Nationalism became a mass movement in the second half of the 19th century. Taking advantage of the limited opportunities for participation in political life under Austrian rule, Czech leaders such as historian František Palacký founded many patriotic, self-help organizations which provided a chance for many of their compatriots to participate in communal life prior to independence. Palacký supported Austro-Slavism and worked for a reorganized and federal Austrian Empire, which would protect the Slavic speaking peoples of Central Europe against Russian and German threats.
An advocate of democratic reform and Czech autonomy within Austria-Hungary, Masaryk was elected twice to the Reichsrat, first from 1891 to 1893 for the Young Czech Party, again from 1907 to 1914 for the Czech Realist Party, which he had founded in 1889 with Karel Kramář and Josef Kaizl. During World War I small numbers of Czechs, the Czechoslovak Legions, fought with the Allies in France and Italy, while large numbers deserted to Russia in exchange for its support for the independence of Czechoslovakia from the Austrian Empire. With the outbreak of World War I, Masaryk began working for Czech independence in a union with Slovakia. With Edvard Beneš and Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Masaryk visited several Western countries and won support from influential publicists. Bohemia and Moravi
Rugby union in the Czech Republic
Rugby union in the Czech Republic is a minor sport. As of 1 November 2010, they are ranked thirty-first in the International Rugby Board's world rankings. Traditionally, Czech rugby has centred on a "section of the middle class" in and around Prague, small but loyal to the sport; the Czech Republic has been popular with touring sides, because of its low beer prices, historic surroundings. Czechoslovakia was a founder member of FIRA in 1934, joined the IRB in 1988. Rugby union in the Czech Republic is governed by a national body called the Česká Rugbyová Unie; the president of the ČSRU is Pavel Telička. Josef Rössler-Ořovský, who introduced a number of sports in the Czechoslovakia, among others skiing and tennis, was credited with starting rugby as well back in 1895, he brought back a rugby ball with him. Efforts were made to play the game at the Czech Yacht Club, but a public struggle ensued, rugby subsequently never caught on. Rugby union was only properly introduced to the country by the writer Ondřej Sekora, when he returned from living in France in 1926, with a rugby ball and set of rules.
Brno, the Moravian capital is considered the cradle of rugby in Czechoslovakia, is where the first match took place, between SK Moravská Slávie, based in Brno-Pisárky, AFK Zizka, based in Brno. Both of these teams were trained by Sekora, who coined Czech language rugby terminology. Czech rugby took off after 1945, when Zdenek Bárchenék, Eduard Krützner and Bruno Kudrna, helped in games against rivals Poland and GermanyRugby union in the Czech Republic has not been popular but due to its recent international successes, it is gaining more recognition; as of April 2009, more than half of the registered players are teenagers. In addition, there are twenty-one domestic clubs that compete against each other on various levels; the national team has been competing since the early 1990s. As of April 2009, the national team is competing in the European Nations Cup and is attempting to qualify for the 2011 Rugby World Cup. Czech Republic national rugby union team Česká Rugbyová Unie Czech Republic women's national rugby union team KB Extraliga KB První Liga Richards, Huw A Game for Hooligans: The History of Rugby Union Official Website of the Czech Republic Rugby Union Official Website of the Czech Republic Rugby Union Archives du Rugby: republique Tcheque
Czech Republic national rugby union team
The Czech Republic national rugby union team is the third tier rugby national team of the Czech Republic. They first started playing as the Czech Republic in 1993 after the split of Czechoslovakia and now compete in the European Nations Cup, they have yet to qualify for the Rugby World Cup, but have entered the qualifiers since the 1995 edition. Rugby union in the Czech Republic is administered by the Česká Rugbyová Unie; the sport is still amateur in the country, but there are several Czech players who are professionals in France, including Martin Jágr. As of February 2017 the team is ranked 31 of 102 in the IRB Rankings. In 2005, they took on Australian Super Rugby side the Waratahs in Prague, losing 3-94; the nation played against Hong Kong at the Synot Tip Arena in Prague on 16 December 2009. They won 17-5, it was the final match for six players: Antonín Brabec, Jan Macháček, Jan Oswald, Pavel Syrový, Ladislav Vondrášek and Jan Žíla. The Czech Republic were relegated from the European Nations Cup First Division to the Second Division in 2014, after finishing 6th in their group.
On 9 November 2016 The Czech Republic played in a historical match against the Barbarians to celebrate the Czech Rugby Union's 90th anniversary. The match was held at the Marketa Stadium in Prague, they lost the match to the Barbarians, 71-0. As of 25 November 2017. Rugby union in the Czech Republic Česká Rugbyová Unie Česká Rugbyová Unie - Official Site Current Squad
Ondřej Sekora was a Czech painter, writer and entomologist. He is known as an author of children books. Sekora was one of the first propagators of rugby in Czechoslovakia. In 1919 he graduated from the gymnasium in Vyškov, he studied at the Faculty of Law of Masaryk University. From 1921 he worked as a sports editor, illustrator and commentator for Lidové noviny newspaper in Brno. In 1923 he was divorced a year later. From 1929 to 1931 he studied as a pupil of Professor Arnošt Hofbauer. In 1927 the editorial office of Lidové noviny moved to Prague. Sekora married his second wife, Ludmila Roubíčková, in 1931. A year she bore him a son, named Ondřej. In 1941, during World War II, he was forced to leave his job and expelled from the Federation of Czech Journalists; the reason was his mixed marriage. His second wife, was of Jewish origin, the whole family was persecuted by Germans as racially mixed. From October 1944 to April 1945, he was imprisoned in the German labor camps in Kleinstein and Osterode, his wife was deported to the Theresienstadt concentration camp.
In Osterode, Sekora met and befriended Czech actor Oldřich Nový, with whom he attempted to organize the puppet theatre in the camp. Both Sekora and his wife survived the imprisonment, he described his experience in his diary. Following World War II he worked as an editor in the magazines Dikobraz. From 1949 he led one of the sections of the Státní nakladatelství dětské knihy. In his years Sekora devoted himself to painting and illustration. In 1964 he was awarded the Meritorious Artist title, in 1966 he received the Marie Majerová Prize, his public activities ceased after a heart attack. He died in 1967, is buried in Prague-Košíře, he was a member of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. In the post-war years he participated in the Czechoslovak communist agitation and propaganda. Sekora trained the first Czech rugby clubs, Moravská Slávie in Brno-Pisárky and AFK Žižka Brno among others, he created the Czech rugby terminology. He edited the magazine Sport; the Main-belt asteroid. Rugby union was introduced to Czechoslovakia by Ondřej Sekora, when he returned from living in France in 1926, with a rugby ball and set of rules.
Brno, the Moravian capital is considered the cradle of rugby in Czechoslovakia, is where the first match took place, between SK Moravská Slávie, based in Brno-Pisárky, AFK Žižka, based in Brno. Both of these teams were trained by Sekora, who coined Czech language rugby terminology. Sekora became popular as an author of comic strips, published in Lidové noviny in the 1930s and at the beginning of the 1940s, he was inspired by cartoons of Wilhelm Busch and Albert Dubout. His short stories were full of humor, with indications of situation comedy; the basis of his style was lively and dynamic drawing with clear contours, accompanied with quatrains. His verses were inspired by folk speech, he is known as the creator of animated characters Ferda Brouk Pytlík. Books Rugby, jak se hraje a jeho pravidla Ferda Mravenec Ferda Mravenec v cizích službách Ferda v mraveništi Ferdův slabikář Trampoty brouka Pytlíka Malířské kousky brouka Pytlíka Kuře Napipi a jeho přátelé Uprchlík na ptačím stromě Ferda cvičí mraveniště Kronika města Kocourkova Jak se uhlí pohněvalo Pohádka o stromech a větru O zlém brouku Bramborouku Ferda Mravenec ničí škůdce přírody Malované počasí O traktoru, který se splašil Mravenci se nedají Na dvoře si děti hrály Čmelák Aninka Hurá za Zdendou O psu vzduchoplavci Pošta v ZOO The first three books about Ferda Mravenec were published in 1960s under the title Knížka Ferdy Mravence.
Both books of Brouk Pytlík were published since 1969 under the title Brouk Pytlík. Comics Voříškova dobrodružství Jak Cvoček honil pytláka Kapitán Animuk loví v Africe Hej a Rup Slavnost u broučků Kousky mládence Ferdy Mravence Nápady kuřete Napipi Kapitán Animuk opět loví v Africe Book illustration Jindřich Plachta: Pučálkovic Amina Vladislav Vančura: Kubula a Kuba Kubikula Hugo Vavris: František Lelíček ve službách Sherlocka Holmese František Langer: Bratrstvo bílého klíče Jiří Weiss: O věrné Hadimršce … a co se kolem ní sběhlo published by Melantrich Arthur Ransome: Zamrzlá loď kapitána Flinta Josef Kopta: Smějte se s bláznem Jarmila Hašková: Z notesu svatého Petra Jan Karafiát: Broučci Josef Věromír Pleva: Malý Bobeš Ema Tintěrová: Veselé příhody kozy Lujzy a kocoura Bobka, Jan Malík: Míček Flíček, Mikhail Zoshchenko: Psí čich, Eduard Štorch: Lovci mamutů na Bílé skále Václav Čtvrtek: Lev utekl František Němec: Soudničky Ema Řezáčová: Dům na kolečkách Václav Lacina: Slyš a piš Jarmila Minaříková: Ježourek a Pišta, jeho bratr Irina
Rugby union known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century. One of the two codes of rugby football, it is based on running with the ball in hand. In its most common form, a game is between two teams of 15 players using an oval-shaped ball on a rectangular field with H-shaped goalposts at each end. Rugby union is a popular sport around the world, played by male and female players of all ages. In 2014, there were more than 6 million people playing worldwide, of whom 2.36 million were registered players. World Rugby called the International Rugby Football Board and the International Rugby Board, has been the governing body for rugby union since 1886, has 101 countries as full members and 18 associate members. In 1845, the first football laws were written by Rugby School pupils. An amateur sport, in 1995 restrictions on payments to players were removed, making the game professional at the highest level for the first time.
Rugby union spread from the Home Nations of Great Britain and Ireland and was absorbed by many of the countries associated with the British Empire. Early exponents of the sport included New Zealand, South Africa and France. Countries that have adopted rugby union as their de facto national sport include Fiji, Madagascar, New Zealand and Tonga. International matches have taken place since 1871 when the first game took place between Scotland and England at Raeburn Place in Edinburgh; the Rugby World Cup, first held in 1987, takes place every four years. The Six Nations Championship in Europe and The Rugby Championship in the Southern Hemisphere are other major international competitions, held annually. National club or provincial competitions include the Premiership in England, the Top 14 in France, the Mitre 10 Cup in New Zealand, the National Rugby Championship in Australia, the Currie Cup in South Africa. Other transnational club competitions include the Pro14 in Europe and South Africa, the European Rugby Champions Cup in Europe, Super Rugby, in the Southern Hemisphere and Japan.
The origin of rugby football is reputed to be an incident during a game of English school football at Rugby School in 1823, when William Webb Ellis is said to have picked up the ball and run with it. Although the evidence for the story is doubtful, it was immortalised at the school with a plaque unveiled in 1895. Despite the doubtful evidence, the Rugby World Cup trophy is named after Webb Ellis. Rugby football stems from the form of game played at Rugby School, which former pupils introduced to their university. Old Rugbeian Albert Pell, a student at Cambridge, is credited with having formed the first "football" team. During this early period different schools used different rules, with former pupils from Rugby and Eton attempting to carry their preferred rules through to their universities. A significant event in the early development of rugby football was the production of the first written laws of the game at Rugby School in 1845, followed by the Cambridge Rules drawn up in 1848. Other important events include the Blackheath Club's decision to leave the Football Association in 1863 and the formation of the Rugby Football Union in 1871.
The code was known as "rugby football". Despite the sport's full name of rugby union, it is known as rugby throughout most of the world; the first rugby football international was played on 27 March 1871 between Scotland and England in Edinburgh. Scotland won the game 1-0. By 1881 both Ireland and Wales had representative teams, in 1883 the first international competition, the Home Nations Championship had begun. 1883 is the year of the first rugby sevens tournament, the Melrose Sevens, still held annually. Two important overseas tours took place in 1888: a British Isles team visited Australia and New Zealand—although a private venture, it laid the foundations for future British and Irish Lions tours. During the early history of rugby union, a time before commercial air travel, teams from different continents met; the first two notable tours both took place in 1888—the British Isles team touring New Zealand and Australia, followed by the New Zealand team touring Europe. Traditionally the most prestigious tours were the Southern Hemisphere countries of Australia, New Zealand and South Africa making a tour of a Northern Hemisphere, the return tours made by a joint British and Irish team.
Tours would last for months, due to the number of games undertaken. Touring international sides would play Test matches against international opponents, including national and county sides in the case of Northern Hemisphere rugby, or provincial/state sides in the case of Southern Hemisphere rugby. Between 1905 and 1908, all three major Southern Hemisphere rugby countries sent their first touring teams to the Northern Hemisphere: New Zealand in 1905, followed by South Africa in 1906 and Australia in 1908. All three teams brought new styles of play, fitness levels and tactics, were far more successful than critics had expected; the New Zealand 1905 touri