Czechoslovak parliamentary election, 1920

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Czechoslovak parliamentary election, 1920

18 April & 25 April 1920 (1920-04-25) 1925 →

All 300 seats to the Chamber of Deputies
All 150 seats to the Senate
151 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 89.6% & 75.6%

  First party Second party Third party
  Němec Antonín.png Jan Šrámek.jpg Seliger Josef.png
Leader Antonín Němec Jan Šrámek
& František Šabata
& Andrej Hlinka
Josef Seliger
Party ČSSD ČSL DSAP
Alliance ČSLSĽS
Seats after 74 33 31
Seat change Increase 74 Increase 33 Increase 31
Popular vote 1,590,520 699,728 689,589
Percentage 25.65% 11.29% 11.12%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Antonín Švehla.jpg Václav Klofáč - barva.jpg Karel Kramář.jpg
Leader Antonín Švehla Václav Klofáč Karel Kramář
Party RSZML ČSNS ČsND
Seats after 28 24 19
Seat change Increase 28 Increase 24 Increase 19
Popular vote 603,618 500,821 387,552
Percentage 9.74% 8.08% 6.25%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Hans Knirsch (1877-1933).jpg Pavel Blaho.jpg Franz Křepek.jpg
Leader Hans Knirsch Pavel Blaho Franz Křepek
Party DNSAP SNaRS BdL
Alliance DNSAPDNP
Seats after 15 12 11
Seat change Increase 15 Increase 12 Increase 11
Popular vote 328,735 242,045 241,747
Percentage 5.30% 3.91% 3.90%

Prime Minister before election

Vlastimil Tusar
ČSSD

Elected Prime Minister

Jan Černý

Coat of arms of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Czechoslovakia
Administrative divisions

Parliamentary elections were held in Czechoslovakia on 18 and 25 April 1920.[1] Voting for the Chamber of Deputies occurred on April 18, 1920, and the voting for the Senate was held a week later on April 25, 1920.[2] The election had initially been planned for mid- or late 1919, but had been postponed.[3]

Out of the 300 Chamber of Deputies seats 281 were filled, as no elections were held in Hlučín Region (part of the Moravská Ostrava electoral district, resulting in 1 less deputy elected from that district), the Těšín electoral district (9 deputies) and the Užhorod electoral district (9 deputies).[4][5][6][7] 16 parties won parliamentary representation.[8] Voter turnout was 89.6% for the Chamber election and 75.6% for the Senate.[9]

The Czechoslovak Social Democratic Workers' Party (ČSDSD) emerged as the largest party in the 1920 election, with 25.7% of the vote for the Chamber of Deputies, 74 deputies elected, 28.1% of the vote for the Senate and 41 senators elected.[2] Amongst the Czech voters, the 1920 election outcome was marked by remarkable stability compared to the 1911 election.[10] The gap between Czech socialist and bourgeouis parties had only moved by 0.4% compared to the 1911 result.[10]

Results[edit]

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Party Nationality Votes % Seats
  Czechoslovak Social Democratic Workers' Party Czechoslovak 1,590,520 25.65 74
  Czechoslovak People's Party Czechoslovak 699,728 11.29 33
  German Social Democratic Workers' Party German 689,589 11.12 31
  Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants Czechoslovak 603,618 9.74 28
  Czechoslovak Socialist Party Czechoslovak 500,821 8.08 24
  Czechoslovak National Democracy Czechoslovak 387,552 6.25 19
  German National Socialist Workers' Party German 328,735 5.30 15
  Slovak National and Peasant Party Slovak 242,045 3.91 12
  Farmers' League German 241,747 3.90 11
  German Christian Social People's Party German 212,913 3.43 10
  Provincial Christian-Socialist Party Hungarian 139,355 2.25 5
  Czechoslovak Traders' Party Czechoslovak 122,813 1.98 6
  Hungarian-German Social Democratic Party Hungarian 108,546 1.75 4
  German Liberal Party German 105,449 1.70 5
  United Jewish Parties Jewish 79,714 1.29 0
  Socialist Party of the Czechoslovak Working People Czechoslovak 58,580 0.94 3
  Party of Smallholders, Cottiers and Entrepreneurs of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak 42,670 0.69 0
  Hungarian Provincial Party of Smallholders and Agrarians Hungarian 26,520 0.43 1
  German Free Social Party German 7,630 0.12 0
  Independent Party of Small People Czechoslovak 5,252 0.08 0
  Hungarian National Party Hungarian 4,214 0.07 0
  Slavic Socialist Party Czechoslovak 2,024 0.03 0
Total 6,200,035 100 281

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Czechoslovak Social Democratic Workers' Party 1,466,958 28.07 41
Czechoslovak People's Party 622,406 11.91 18
German Social Democratic Workers' Party 539,344 11.35 16
Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants 530,388 10.15 14
Czechoslovak Socialist Party 395,844 7.57 10
Czechoslovak National Democracy 354,561 6.78 10
German National Socialist Workers' Party 300,333 5.7 8
Farmers' League 210,724 4.0 6
Slovak National and Peasant Party 181,289 3.47 6
German Christian Social People's Party 141,495 2.7 4
Czechoslovak Traders' Party 107,674 2.06 3
Provincial Christian-Socialist Party 100,371 1.92 2
Other parties 275,424 5.30 4
Total 5,226,811 100 142
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p471 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b Richard Crampton; Benjamin Crampton (11 June 2016). Atlas of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century. Routledge. pp. 58–60. ISBN 978-1-317-79952-8. 
  3. ^ Duin, P.C. van. Central European Cross-roads: Social Democracy and National Revolution in Bratislava (Pressburg), 1867-1921
  4. ^ Jahrbuch des öffentlichen Rechts der Gegenwart. 17-18. J. C. B. Mohr (P. Siebeck). 1929. p. 241. 
  5. ^ Otto Bauer (1926). Der Kampf: sozialdemokratische Monatsschrift. 19. Verlag Volksbuchhandlung. p. 12. 
  6. ^ "Volkswohl"; wissenschaftliche Monatsschrift. 11-12. 1920. p. 205. 
  7. ^ Mads Ole Balling (1991). Von Reval bis Bukarest: Einleitung, Systematik, Quellen und Methoden, Estland, Lettland, Litauen, Polen, Tschechoslowakei. Dokumentation Verlag. p. 417. ISBN 978-87-983829-3-5. 
  8. ^ Joseph Lee (1989). Ireland, 1912-1985: Politics and Society. Cambridge University Press. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-521-37741-6. 
  9. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p472
  10. ^ a b Carol Skalnik Leff (14 July 2014). National Conflict in Czechoslovakia: The Making and Remaking of a State, 1918-1987. Princeton University Press. pp. 48–49, 67. ISBN 978-1-4008-5921-4.