Czechoslovak parliamentary election, 1920
All 300 seats to the Chamber of Deputies
All 150 seats to the Senate
151 seats needed for a majority
|Turnout||89.6% & 75.6%|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
Parliamentary elections were held in Czechoslovakia on 18 and 25 April 1920. Voting for the Chamber of Deputies occurred on April 18, 1920, and the voting for the Senate was held a week later on April 25, 1920. The election had initially been planned for mid- or late 1919, but had been postponed.
Out of the 300 Chamber of Deputies seats 281 were filled, as no elections were held in Hlučín Region (part of the Moravská Ostrava electoral district, resulting in 1 less deputy elected from that district), the Těšín electoral district (9 deputies) and the Užhorod electoral district (9 deputies). 16 parties won parliamentary representation. Voter turnout was 89.6% for the Chamber election and 75.6% for the Senate.
The Czechoslovak Social Democratic Workers' Party (ČSDSD) emerged as the largest party in the 1920 election, with 25.7% of the vote for the Chamber of Deputies, 74 deputies elected, 28.1% of the vote for the Senate and 41 senators elected. Amongst the Czech voters, the 1920 election outcome was marked by remarkable stability compared to the 1911 election. The gap between Czech socialist and bourgeouis parties had only moved by 0.4% compared to the 1911 result.
Chamber of Deputies
|Czechoslovak Social Democratic Workers' Party||Czechoslovak||1,590,520||25.65||74|
|Czechoslovak People's Party||Czechoslovak||699,728||11.29||33|
|German Social Democratic Workers' Party||German||689,589||11.12||31|
|Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants||Czechoslovak||603,618||9.74||28|
|Czechoslovak Socialist Party||Czechoslovak||500,821||8.08||24|
|Czechoslovak National Democracy||Czechoslovak||387,552||6.25||19|
|German National Socialist Workers' Party||German||328,735||5.30||15|
|Slovak National and Peasant Party||Slovak||242,045||3.91||12|
|German Christian Social People's Party||German||212,913||3.43||10|
|Provincial Christian-Socialist Party||Hungarian||139,355||2.25||5|
|Czechoslovak Traders' Party||Czechoslovak||122,813||1.98||6|
|Hungarian-German Social Democratic Party||Hungarian||108,546||1.75||4|
|German Liberal Party||German||105,449||1.70||5|
|United Jewish Parties||Jewish||79,714||1.29||0|
|Socialist Party of the Czechoslovak Working People||Czechoslovak||58,580||0.94||3|
|Party of Smallholders, Cottiers and Entrepreneurs of Czechoslovakia||Czechoslovak||42,670||0.69||0|
|Hungarian Provincial Party of Smallholders and Agrarians||Hungarian||26,520||0.43||1|
|German Free Social Party||German||7,630||0.12||0|
|Independent Party of Small People||Czechoslovak||5,252||0.08||0|
|Hungarian National Party||Hungarian||4,214||0.07||0|
|Slavic Socialist Party||Czechoslovak||2,024||0.03||0|
|Czechoslovak Social Democratic Workers' Party||1,466,958||28.07||41|
|Czechoslovak People's Party||622,406||11.91||18|
|German Social Democratic Workers' Party||539,344||11.35||16|
|Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants||530,388||10.15||14|
|Czechoslovak Socialist Party||395,844||7.57||10|
|Czechoslovak National Democracy||354,561||6.78||10|
|German National Socialist Workers' Party||300,333||5.7||8|
|Slovak National and Peasant Party||181,289||3.47||6|
|German Christian Social People's Party||141,495||2.7||4|
|Czechoslovak Traders' Party||107,674||2.06||3|
|Provincial Christian-Socialist Party||100,371||1.92||2|
|Source: Nohlen & Stöver|
- Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p471 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
- Richard Crampton; Benjamin Crampton (11 June 2016). Atlas of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century. Routledge. pp. 58–60. ISBN 978-1-317-79952-8.
- Duin, P.C. van. Central European Cross-roads: Social Democracy and National Revolution in Bratislava (Pressburg), 1867-1921
- Jahrbuch des öffentlichen Rechts der Gegenwart. 17-18. J. C. B. Mohr (P. Siebeck). 1929. p. 241.
- Otto Bauer (1926). Der Kampf: sozialdemokratische Monatsschrift. 19. Verlag Volksbuchhandlung. p. 12.
- "Volkswohl"; wissenschaftliche Monatsschrift. 11-12. 1920. p. 205.
- Mads Ole Balling (1991). Von Reval bis Bukarest: Einleitung, Systematik, Quellen und Methoden, Estland, Lettland, Litauen, Polen, Tschechoslowakei. Dokumentation Verlag. p. 417. ISBN 978-87-983829-3-5.
- Joseph Lee (1989). Ireland, 1912-1985: Politics and Society. Cambridge University Press. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-521-37741-6.
- Nohlen & Stöver, p472
- Carol Skalnik Leff (14 July 2014). National Conflict in Czechoslovakia: The Making and Remaking of a State, 1918-1987. Princeton University Press. pp. 48–49, 67. ISBN 978-1-4008-5921-4.