Désirée is a 1954 American historical-biographical film directed by Henry Koster and produced by Julian Blaustein from a screenplay by Daniel Taradash, based on the best-selling novel Désirée by Annemarie Selinko. The music score was by the cinematography by Milton R. Krasner; the film was made in CinemaScope. It stars Marlon Brando as Jean Simmons as Désirée Clary, it stars Merle Oberon and Michael Rennie with Cameron Mitchell, Elizabeth Sellars, Charlotte Austin, Cathleen Nesbitt, Carolyn Jones and Evelyn Varden. The film was nominated for Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design. In 1794, in Marseille, Désirée Clary makes the acquaintance of a Corsican, Joseph Bonaparte, invites him and his brother, General Napoleon Bonaparte, to call upon the family the following day; the next day, Julie, Désirée's sister, Joseph are attracted to each other, Napoleon is taken with Désirée. He admits to her. Désirée learns that Napoleon has been arrested and taken to Paris. Napoleon returns to Marseille, tells Désirée that he has been cleared of all charges, but has been ordered to track down royalists in Paris.
Désirée begs Napoleon to leave the Army and join her brother in business, but he scoffs at the idea and instead proposes marriage. Désirée lends Napoleon the money to return to Paris. Napoleon tells her that he will always love her and will return soon for their wedding, but, as the months pass, Désirée starts doubting him and goes to the city where she meets General Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, she learns. Désirée contemplates suicide. In 1797, now France's leading general, has succeeded in conquering Italy, Désirée lives in Rome with Julie and Joseph, she soon tires of Rome and decides to return to Paris, where she meets Napoleon, now married to Josephine, who announces that he will be leaving for Egypt. Bernadotte proposes marriage to her. By July 4, 1799, Désirée and Bernadotte have settled into married life and have a son, Oscar. On November 9, 1799, Napoleon is proclaimed First Consul of the French Republic and asks Bernadotte to join his council of state, Bernadotte agrees. Several years Napoleon is proclaimed emperor, at his coronation, he takes the crown from the hands of Pope Pius VII and crowns himself.
Five years desperate for an heir, Napoleon divorces Josephine, Désirée comforts her former rival, before Napoleon's upcoming marriage to the 18-year-old Marie Louise of Austria. Napoleon involves France in more wars, Bernadotte is approached by representatives of the king of Sweden, who wishes to adopt him and make him the heir to the throne. Désirée, stunned by the news that she will one day be a queen supports her husband, Napoleon allows both of them to leave Paris. In Stockholm, Désirée asks to go home. Eight months she attends a ball in Paris at which Napoleon shows off his new son. Napoleon makes veiled threats about Bernadotte's alliance with Russia and announces to the crowd that she will be held hostage to ensure Sweden's support while his army marches through Russia to Moscow. Napoleon's army is defeated, he visits Désirée, asking her to write a letter to Bernadotte, requesting his help. Désirée realizes that Napoleon still loves her and came more for her than to seek her husband's help.
Soon after, Bernadotte leads one of the armies that overwhelms Napoleon, the triumphant general reunites with Désirée before returning to Sweden. Napoleon's exile to Elba is short-lived and after the Battle of Waterloo, Napoleon retreats with his personal army to the Château de Malmaison. Representatives of the allied armies ask Désirée to speak with Napoleon, hoping that she can persuade him to surrender. Napoleon agrees to speak with Désirée alone, muses on what his destiny would have been if he had married her. Napoleon proclaims that he has given his life to protect France, but Désirée tells him that he must do as France asks and go into exile on St. Helena. Commenting on how strange it is that the two most outstanding men of their time had fallen in love with her, Napoleon gives Désirée his sword in surrender and assures her that her dowry was not the only reason that he proposed to her many years ago in Marseille; the film received mixed reviews from critics. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times wrote: "A great deal of handsome decoration and two talented and attractive stars have been put into the CinemaScope production of the historical romance'Desiree.'
The only essential missing is a story of any consequence... Mr. Taradash's script is quite positive in indicating that Napoleon loved the girl in the first flush of his ascendancy, but it permits the amorous passion to appear to die, there is not much in this line to intrigue the viewer until the end of the film." Variety called the film "easily one of the best and most potent costumers to come along in the widescreen age," and called Brando's performance "a masterful exhibition of thesping." Harrison's Reports called it "an engrossing entertainment, with exceptionally fine performances." Richard L. Coe of The Washington Post called the film "a feast to the eyes and a torture to the ears and sensibilities," and called Brando's performance "better than'Desiree' deserves." John McCarten of The New Yorker wrote, "There's a lot of colorful stuff on v
Herbert S. Auerbach was a prominent Jewish businessman in Salt Lake City and a member of the Utah House of Representatives. Auerbach was born on October 1882 in Salt Lake City, where his father ran a department store. At age 15 he went to Germany to study at J. J. Meier School in Wiesbaden Lausanne, Switzerland, he went to Columbia University where he received a degree in metallurgy in 1906. He spent the next five years working with mines in Colorado, but from 1911 on spent his time running the family department store in Salt Lake City. Auerbach served as a member of the University of Utah board of regents, a major in the Ordnance Section of the United States Army during World War I, a member of the Utah State Legislature from 1925-1929. Auerbach pursued studies in Utah history and was a poet and songwriter. Auerbach died on March 19, 1945. Although a Jew, his funeral was held at the Salt Lake Assembly Hall of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with Frank W. Asper as organist and Jessie Evans Smith singing at least one solo.
Bio of Auerbach Herbert S. Auerbach Collection on Mormons and Indians at Princeton University
The Governor of Hawaiʻi Island was the royal governor or viceroy of the Island of Hawaiʻi during the Kingdom of Hawaii. The Governor of Hawaii was a Hawaiian chief or prince and could be a woman. There were no restriction of women in government in the House of Nobles or Governship of the islands; the Governor had authority over the island of Hawaii, the biggest island in the kingdom, it was up to the governor to appoint lieutenant governors to assisted them. The governor had replaced the old Aliʻis of the islands; the island governors were under the jurisdiction of the Ministers of the Interiors. The 1840 Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaii states: There shall be four governors over these Hawaiian Islands - one for Hawaiʻi - one for Maui and the Islands adjacent - one for Oʻahu, one for Kauaʻi and the adjacent Islands. All the governors, from Hawaiʻi to Kauaʻi shall be subject to the King; the prerogatives of the governors and their duties, shall be as follows: Each governor shall have the general direction of the several tax gatherers of his island, shall support them in the execution of all their orders which he considers to have been properly given, but shall pursue a course according to law, not according to his own private views.
He shall preside over all the judges of his island, shall see their sentences executed as above. He shall appoint the judges and give them their certificates of office. All the governors, from Hawaiʻi to Kauaʻi shall be subject not only to the King, but to the Premier; the governor shall be the superior over islands. He shall have charge of the munitions of war, under the direction of the King and the Premier, he shall have charge of the soldiery, the arms and all the implements of war. He shall deliver over the same to the Premier. All important decisions rest with him in times of emergency, unless the Premier be present, he shall have charge of all the King's business on the island, the taxation, new improvements to be extended, plans for the increase of wealth, all officers shall be subject to him. He shall have power to decide all questions, transact all island business, not by law assigned to others; when either of the governors shall decease all the chiefs shall assemble at such place as the King shall appoint, shall nominate a successor of the deceased governor, whosoever they shall nominate and be approved by the King, he shall be the new governor.
After King Kalākaua was forced to sign the Bayonet Constitution in 1887, the island governorships began to be viewed as wasteful expenses for the monarchy. The governors and governesses at the time were viewed unfit to appoint the native police forces and condemned for "their refusal to accept their removal or reform by sheriffs or the marshal"; the island governorships were abolished by two acts: the first act, on December 8, 1887, transferred the power of the police appointment to the island sheriffs, the second, An Act To Abolish The Office Of Governor, which abolished the positions, on August 23, 1888. King Kalākaua refused to approve the 1888 act, but his veto was overridden by two-third of the legislature; these positions were restored under the An Act To Establish A Governor On Each Of The Islands Of Oahu, Maui and Kauai on November 14, 1890, with the effective date of January 1, 1891. One significant change was this act made it illegal for a woman to be governor ending the traditional practice of appointing female royals and nobles as governess.
Kalākaua died prior to reappointing any of the island governors, but his successor Liliuokalani restored the positions at different dates between 1891 and 1892. After the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii, the Provisional Government of Hawaii repealed the 1890 act and abolished these positions on February 28, 1893 for the final time. List of Governors of Hawaii Governors of Oahu Governors of Kauai Governors of Maui Alii Aimoku of Hawaii Mayor of Hawaii County
The 1969 Wyoming Cowboys football team represented the University of Wyoming in the 1969 NCAA University Division football season. Led by eighth-year head coach Lloyd Eaton, they were members of the Western Athletic Conference and played their home games on campus at War Memorial Stadium in Laramie; the Cowboys were three-time defending conference champions and outscored their opponents 242 to 118. Wyoming won its first six games, but dropped the last four in a season tainted by a racial controversy. During the season in mid-October, head coach Eaton dismissed 14 black players from the team for asking to wear black armbands during the upcoming home game against the Brigham Young University Cougars. At the previous year's win over BYU at Provo, Cougar players had subjected them to racial epithets. A week before the game, the team's black members were reminded of the incident and informed about the racial policies of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints by Willie Black, leader of Wyoming's Black Student Alliance, challenged them to do something about it.
The day before the game, the players donned black armbands on their civilian clothes and went to Eaton's office to discuss how they might show solidarity with the BSA protest. Upon seeing them with the armbands the coach dismissed them from the team. According to Joe Williams, a team co-captain before he was suspended from the team, "We wanted to see if we could wear black armbands in the game, or black socks, or black X's on our helmets, and if he had said no we had agreed that we would be willing to protest with nothing but our black skins."Eaton took them to the bleachers in Memorial Fieldhouse, said he listened to their suggestions for ten minutes before deciding to release them. Williams gives a different account: "He came in, sneered at us and yelled that we were off the squad, he said our presence defied him. He said. Just like that." Defensive end Tony McGee said that Eaton "said we could go to Grambling State or Morgan State... We could go back to colored relief. If anyone said anything, he told us to shut up.
We were protesting policies we thought were racist." John Griffin, a flanker, corroborates McGee's memory. Tony Gibson agreed with the other players that Eaton kicked them off the team before they could present a case. At the time, Wyoming fans and much of the state backed Eaton and his "no protesting" policy, saw the Black 14 as insubordinate and ungrateful. At San Jose State University, the Spartans were petitioned in a letter by a UW student group to boycott the homecoming game in Laramie. Groups at other WAC schools demanded. At the time of the incident in mid-October, the Cowboys were undefeated and ranked 16th in the AP poll. Though they beat BYU 40–7, San Jose State without the players to improve to 6–0, Wyoming lost all four road games in November and went 1–9 the next year which prompted Eaton's removal as coach, though he stayed on as assistant athletic director; the program had only one winning season in the 1970s, in 1976 under Fred Akers, who returned to the University of Texas. The Black 14 included Earl Lee, John Griffin, Willie Hysaw, Don Meadows, Ivie Moore, Tony Gibson, Jerome Berry, Joe Williams, Mel Hamilton, Jim Issac, Tony McGee, Ted Williams, Lionel Grimes, Ron Hill.
Three of the underclassmen returned to play for the Cowboys in 1970: Griffin and Ted Williams. McGee transferred to Bishop College in Dallas, was a third round selection in the 1971 NFL Draft, played fourteen seasons for three NFL teams; the Black 14 incident spurred the court case Williams v. Eaton, with the issue of free speech against the principle of separation of church and state. Litigation was lengthy for this case and ended on October 31, 1972. In 2019, the 50th anniversary of the Black 14 being dismissed, the University of Wyoming invited the surviving players back and made several amends; the eight players that returned were invited to speak to history classes and meet with student athletes. Three Cowboys were selected in the 1970 NFL Draft. Defensive end Tony McGee was selected in the third round of the 1971 NFL Draft and played for 14 seasons. "University of Wyoming honors black players kicked off football team in 1969". New York Post. AP. September 13, 2019. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
Sports Reference – 1969 season – Wyoming Cowboys Justia US Law – court case – Williams v. Eaton
Daniil Papadopoulos is a former Greek footballer that played in several positions throughout his career. He was born in Thessaloniki and played youth football with Olympos Dendropotamou before starting his professional career with Iraklis. Papadopoulos spent his entire professional career with Iraklis and he is the all-time leader for Iraklis with 419 appearances. Papadopoulos is the second all-time goalscorer of Iraklis with 64 goals, he managed to gain 5 caps for Greece. Papadopoulos had a brief career in management, as an assistant and caretaker manager of Iraklis and as a manager in second and third tier teams. Papadopoulos was born in Thessaloniki and started playing football for amateur side Olympos Dendropotamou; when he was a child he watched. Following interest from PAOK he signed for Iraklis for a 600,000 drachmas fee. Papadopoulos joined the reserve squad of Iraklis, but he was soon promoted to the first team under Apostol Chachevski. In December 1981 he made his debut for Iraklis against Kastoria.
He managed to score his first goal for the club in his debut, but this was not enough to prevent Iraklis from suffering a bitter 2-1 away defeat. He was used as a striker in his first season for Iraklis and he scored a total of 9 goals out of 23 appearances. In the next season he established himself in the starting lineup of Iraklis and he proved more prolific, by scoring 11 goals in 30 matches. On in his career in the 1985-86 season, under manager Telis Batakis, he had to adapt in a more defensive role as he started playing as a left wingback. From the midfield Papadopoulos scored 5 goals in 28 appearances for Iraklis. In the stages of his career he was placed in the centre of the defence of Iraklis, by manager Dušan Mitošević, his last match wearing the shirt of Iraklis was for the last round of the 1997-98 season, as Iraklis recorded a 4-2 home win against Apollon Athinas. At the end of the season he retired, having spent his entire professional career playing for Iraklis in a time span of 17 years.
During these years he managed to become the all-time leader in appearances for the club with 419 appearances and the second all-time goalscorer with 64 goals. Papadopoulos gained 5 caps for the Greek national team, he made his debut on 11 October 1989 during an away 4-0 defeat from Bulgaria for the 1990 World Cup qualifiers. He was the assistant manager in Iraklis during the Aggelos Anastasiadis era. Together with former teammate Savvas Kofidis he was the assistant manager of Giannis Kyrastas in Iraklis during the 2000-01 season. After Kyrastas left the club in March Papadopoulos was appointed caretaker manager of the club, he had managerial spells for Kassandra and Pavlos Melas. Daniil Papadopoulos is the father of midfielder Giannis Papadopoulos. Iraklis Balkans Cup:: 1985 Greek Football Cup Runners up: 1987
Zawisza Czarny, Sulima coat of arms, was a Polish knight and nobleman who served as a commander and diplomat under Polish king Władysław II Jagiełło and Hungarian-Bohemian king Sigismund of Luxembourg. During his life, he was regarded as a model of knightly virtues and was renowned for winning multiple tournaments, his nickname is due to his black hair and his custom-made, black armor, kept at the Jasna Góra Monastery. Zawisza was born in Stary Garbów, Kingdom of Poland, into a local noble family, his father Mikołaj being the castellan of Konary-Sieradz, while his mother was named Dorota, he had two younger brothers: Jan called "Farurej", the starost of Spisz. In 1397, Zawisza married Barbara of the Piława clan, the niece of Bishop of Kraków Piotr Wysz, they had four sons. In the service of the Teutonic Order, he soon renounced it, in 1410 he took part in the Battle of Grunwald on the Polish side. After the battle he and his close friend Stibor of Stiboricz proposed a peace treaty between the King Jagiełło of Poland and Sigismund of Luxembourg King of Hungary, which came to be known as the Treaty of Lubowla.
In 1412 he participated in the conference between Sigismund, Wladyslaw II and Tvrtko II of Bosnia at Buda, where he won the tournament held there, with 1,500 knights present. Zawisza was as much a diplomat as he was a warrior, being an envoy for the Polish king Władysław II and Hungarian-Bohemian king Sigismund of Luxembourg; as one of six diplomats that represented the Polish Kingdom and King Władysław II at the Council of Constance, he was one of few supporters of Jan Hus, strongly opposed his condemnation and subsequent execution for heresy. In 1416 he participated in a tournament in Perpignan in which he defeated the well-known knight John II of Aragon and Navarre; the following year, he became the starost of Kruszwica. In 1419 he went to Sigismund again, as a deputy of King Władysław II, to ask for the hand of Sophia of Bavaria, the widow of Sigismund's brother Wenceslaus of Bohemia. Subsequently, Zawisza participated in the Hussite Wars on the side of King Sigismund. During Sigismund's defeat at Kutná Hora, Zawisza was taken prisoner by the Hussites and subsequently released in return for a high ransom.
In 1428, with his retinue as a commander of a light cavalry banner of 500 horsemen, joined the forces of Sigismund in the king's war against the Ottoman Turks. During that disastrous campaign he fought them at the Siege of Golubac on the Danube in modern-day Serbia. Sigismund's army was defeated and had to retreat across the Danube, with only a few boats to ferry the troops over to safety. Zawisza's banner was guarding the retreating army. Being a man of importance, he was sent for by King Sigismund. Disheartened by the king's apparent cowardice, he refused to retreat, saying, "There is no boat big enough to lift my honor." He was either executed in Ottoman captivity. Zawisza was survived by his wife Barbara and their children: Marcin, fell at the Battle of Varna in 1444. Stanisław, fell at the Battle of Varna in 1444. Zawisza. Jan, starost of Koło, killed at the Battle of Chojnice. Barbara, he had a granddaughter, Barbara of Roznow, the mother of the Polish Renaissance military commander, hetman Jan Tarnowski.
Among further descendants of Zawisza were Hetman Stanisław Koniecpolski, Bogusław Radziwiłł, governor of the Duchy of Prussia and Henryk Dobrzański, the first guerrilla commander of the Second World War in Europe. During his life, he was regarded as a model of knightly virtues. After his death, he was praised by the Polish historian Jan Długosz, the poet and Canon of Gniezno Adam Świnka, by King Sigismund of Luxembourg. Zawisza became a folk hero in Poland, famed for reliability, loyalty; the Polish Scouts oath reads partly: "...polegać na nim jak na Zawiszy". Several Polish football clubs and other sports teams were named after him, Zawisza Bydgoszcz. In Serbia, where the Golubac Fortress is located and where he is known as Zaviša Crni, he was revered as a brave knight. A monument to Zawisza at Golubac Fortress, bears the inscription: "In Golubac, his life was taken by the Turks in 1428, the famous Polish knight, the symbol of courage and honor, Zawisza the Black. Glory to the hero!" In the reconstructed fortress, there is a permanent exhibition celebrating knights who defended the fortress, with a special section dedicated to Zawisza.
In Belgrade, Serbian capital, there is a street named in the neighborhood of Senjak. Several dramas have been made based on his life. Beata Możejko. Zawisza Czarny z Garbowa herbu Sulima. Wydawn. WiM. ISBN 978-83-918873-4-9. Anna Klubówna. Zawisza Czarny w historii i legendzie. Ludowa Spółdzielnia Wydawnicza. Katarzyna Beliniak. Zawisza Czarny - człowiek legenda. De Agostini Polska. ISBN 978-83-248-0627-0. Stefan M. Kuczyński. Zawisza Czarny: powieść historyczna. Śląsk. ISBN 978-83-216-0317-9. Ignacy Kozielewski. Zawisza Czarny. Dobra Prasa