The Hewlett-Packard Company or Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California. It developed and provided a wide variety of hardware components as well as software and related services to consumers, small- and medium-sized businesses and large enterprises, including customers in the government and education sectors; the company was founded in a one-car garage in Palo Alto by Bill Hewlett and David Packard, produced a line of electronic test equipment. HP was the world's leading PC manufacturer from 2007 to Q2 2013, at which time Lenovo ranked ahead of HP. HP specialized in developing and manufacturing computing, data storage, networking hardware, designing software and delivering services. Major product lines included personal computing devices and industry standard servers, related storage devices, networking products, software and a diverse range of printers and other imaging products. HP directly marketed its products to households, small- to medium-sized businesses and enterprises as well as via online distribution, consumer-electronics and office-supply retailers, software partners and major technology vendors.
HP had services and consulting business around its products and partner products. Hewlett-Packard company events included the spin-off of its electronic and bio-analytical measurement instruments part of its business as Agilent Technologies in 1999, its merger with Compaq in 2002, the acquisition of EDS in 2008, which led to combined revenues of $118.4 billion in 2008 and a Fortune 500 ranking of 9 in 2009. In November 2009, HP announced the acquisition of 3Com, with the deal closing on April 12, 2010. On April 28, 2010, HP announced the buyout of Inc. for $1.2 billion. On September 2, 2010, HP won its bidding war for 3PAR with a $33 a share offer, which Dell declined to match. Hewlett-Packard spun off its enterprise products and services business as Hewlett Packard Enterprise on November 1, 2015. Hewlett-Packard held onto the PC and printer businesses, was renamed to HP Inc. Bill Hewlett and David Packard graduated with degrees in electrical engineering from Stanford University in 1935; the company originated in a garage in nearby Palo Alto during a fellowship they had with a past professor, Frederick Terman at Stanford during the Great Depression.
They considered Terman a mentor in forming Hewlett-Packard. In 1938, Packard and Hewlett begin part-time work in a rented garage with an initial capital investment of US$538. In 1939 Hewlett and Packard decided to formalize their partnership, they tossed a coin to decide whether the company they founded would be called Hewlett-Packard or Packard-Hewlett. HP incorporated on August 18, 1947, went public on November 6, 1957. Of the many projects they worked on, their first financially successful product, was a precision audio oscillator, the Model HP200A, their innovation was the use of a small incandescent light bulb as a temperature dependent resistor in a critical portion of the circuit, the negative feedback loop which stabilized the amplitude of the output sinusoidal waveform. This allowed them to sell the Model 200A for $89.40 when competitors were selling less stable oscillators for over $200. The Model 200 series of generators continued production until at least 1972 as the 200AB, still tube-based but improved in design through the years.
One of the company's earliest customers was Walt Disney Productions, which bought eight Model 200B oscillators for use in certifying the Fantasound surround sound systems installed in theaters for the movie Fantasia. They worked on counter-radar technology and artillery shell fuses during World War II, which allowed Packard to be exempt from the draft. HP is recognized as the symbolic founder of Silicon Valley, although it did not investigate semiconductor devices until a few years after the "traitorous eight" had abandoned William Shockley to create Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957. Hewlett-Packard's HP Associates division, established around 1960, developed semiconductor devices for internal use. Instruments and calculators were some of the products using these devices. During the 1960s, HP partnered with Sony and the Yokogawa Electric companies in Japan to develop several high-quality products; the products were not a huge success, as there were high costs in building HP-looking products in Japan.
HP and Yokogawa formed a joint venture in 1963 to market HP products in Japan. HP bought Yokogawa Electric's share of Hewlett-Packard Japan in 1999. HP spun off Dynac, to specialize in digital equipment; the name was picked so that the HP logo "hp" could be turned upside down to be a reverse reflect image of the logo "dy" of the new company. Dynac changed to Dymec, was folded back into HP in 1959. HP experimented with using Digital Equipment Corporation minicomputers with its instruments, but after deciding that it would be easier to build another small design team than deal with DEC, HP entered the computer market in 1966 with the HP 2100 / HP 1000 series of minicomputers; these had a simple accumulator-based design, with two accumulator registers and, in the HP 1000 models, two index registers. The series was produced for 20 years, in spite of several attempts to replace it, was a forerunner of the HP 9800 and HP 250 series of desktop and business computers; the HP 3000 was an advanced stack-based design for a business computing server redesigned with RISC technology.
The HP 2640 series of smart and intelligent terminals introduced forms-based interfaces to ASCII terminals, introduced screen labeled functio
Uster is a town and the capital of the Uster District in the Swiss canton of Zürich. It is the third largest town in the canton of Zürich, with 35,000 inhabitants, is one of the twenty largest towns in Switzerland. Uster is located next to a lake, called Greifensee; the official language of Uster is German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect. The town of Uster received the Wakker Prize in 2001; the village of Riedikon was first mentioned in year 741, while Uster was first mentioned in 775, as Ustra villa. The toponym has been explained as reflecting Old High German *ustrâ or *uster-aha "voracious " by Boesch. First mentioned in 1099, the donation of the St. Andreas Church was given by the House of Rapperswil as a spacious three-naved country church; the Burg Uster was first mentioned in 1267, as being in the possession of the Freiherr von Bonstetten. On 7 January 1300 Elisabeth von Rapperswil sold the pledge of the reign Greifensee to the knight Hermann II. von Landenberg, including the Greifensee castle, the town and the lake of the same name, a larger number of farms, as well as the pastoral rights in Uster.
In 1438 the church rights were sold to the Rüti Abbey. The church was considered as a part of the so-called "Laubishof" estate, located at the nearby plateau where the Uster Castle is situated. During the Old Zürich War, in May 1444, the Old Swiss Confederacy laid siege to the nearby town of Greifensee, held by about 70 defenders, most of them inhabitants of the Amt Greifensee, a few Habsburg and Zürich soldiers; the town was captured after four weeks, on May 27, all but two of the surviving 64 defenders were beheaded on the next day, including the leader, Wildhans von Breitenlandenberg. In times of war, mass execution was considered a cruel and unjust deed. On May 29, the Castle of Greifensee and the city walls were broken. Among many other transfers of lands and goods, on 25 April 1448 Beringer von Landemberg von Griffensee confirmed, with permission of his sons Hug and Beringer dem Jungen that at the place where all his ancestors have been buried, a long list of money and lands have to be transferred to the church as a benefice.
In 1473 the church comrades, based on an older Jahrzeitbuch which now is lost, created a new one, among the best preserved of the Canton of Zürich. With the dissolution of the monastery Ruti during the Reformation in Zürich its rights fell on the government of the city of Zürich in 1525. In 1824 the new Reformed church was consecrated. On 22 November 1830 about 10,000 men of the Canton of Zurich gathered near Uster and demanded a new constitution; this assembly, known as the Ustertag, together with other assemblies in Switzerland led to the Restoration and the creation of the Swiss Federal State. Uster has an area of 28.5 km2. Of this area, 44.4 % is used for agricultural purposes. Of the rest of the land, 26.2% is settled and the remainder is non-productive. In 1996 housing and buildings made up 18.4% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest. Of the total unproductive area, water made up 0.4% of the area. As of 2007 22.2% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.
Uster has a population of 34,516. As of 2007, 21.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 50.4 % female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 14.2%. Most of the population speaks German, with Italian being second most common and Albanian being third. In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP; the next three most popular parties were the CSP and the Green Party. The age distribution of the population is children and teenagers make up 22.2% of the population, while adults make up 65% and seniors make up 12.8%. In Uster about 73.9% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education. There are 12605 households in Uster. Uster has an unemployment rate of 3.28%. As of 2005, there were 392 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 92 businesses involved in this sector. 3,204 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 238 businesses in this sector.
9475 people are employed with 1091 businesses in this sector. As of 2007 51.5% of the working population were employed full-time, 48.5% were employed part-time. As of 2008 there were 11,890 Protestants in Uster. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census, 45% were some type of Protestant, with 41.8% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 3.3% belonging to other Protestant churches. 31.7% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 5.4% were Muslim, 7.2% belonged to another religion, 3.4% did not give a religion, 11.7% were atheist or agnostic. Uster has an average of 135.4 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,164 mm of precipitation. The wettest month is June. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 13.1 days. The driest month of the year is October with an average of 69 mm of precipitation over 13.1 days. Uster received the Wakker
Swiss People's Party
The Swiss People's Party known as the Democratic Union of the Centre, is a national-conservative and right-wing populist political party in Switzerland. Chaired by Albert Rösti, the party is the largest party in the Federal Assembly, with 65 members of the National Council and 5 of the Council of States; the SVP originated in 1971 as a merger of the Party of Farmers and Independents and the Democratic Party, while the BGB in turn had been founded in the context of the emerging local farmers' parties in the late 1910s. The SVP didn't witness any increased support beyond that of the BGB, retaining around 11% of the vote through the 1970s and 1980s; this changed however during the 1990s, when the party underwent deep structural and ideological changes under the influence of Christoph Blocher. In line with the changes fostered by Blocher, the party started to focus on issues such as euroscepticism and opposition to mass immigration; as of 2015 the SVP has 54 seats in the Federal Assembly, its vote share of 28.9% in the 2007 Federal Council election was the highest vote recorded for a single party in Switzerland until 2015, when it surpassed its own record with 29.4%.
When Blocher failed to win re-election as a Federal Councillor in 2007, moderates within the party split off, forming the Conservative Democratic Party. The early origins of the SVP go back to the late 1910s, when numerous cantonal farmers' parties were founded in agrarian, German-speaking parts of Switzerland. While the Free Democratic Party had earlier been a popular party for farmers, this changed during World War I when the party had defended the interests of industrialists and consumer circles; when proportional representation was introduced in 1919, the new farmers' parties won significant electoral support in Zürich and Bern, also gained representation in parliament and government. By 1929, the coalition of farmers' parties had gained enough influence to get one of their leaders, Rudolf Minger, elected to the Federal Council. In 1936, a representative party was founded on the national level, called the Party of Farmers and Independents. During the 1930s, the BGB entered the mainstream of Swiss politics as a right-wing conservative party in the bourgeois bloc.
While the party opposed any kind of socialist ideas such as internationalism and anti-militarism, it sought to represent local Swiss traders and farmers against big business and international capital. The BGB contributed to the establishment of the Swiss national ideology known as the Geistige Landesverteidigung, responsible for the growing Swiss sociocultural and political cohesion from the 1930s. In the party's fight against left-wing ideologies, sections of party officials and farmers voiced understanding, or failed to distance themselves from the emerging fascist movements. After World War II, the BGB contributed to the establishment of the characteristic Swiss post-war consensual politics, social agreements and economic growth policies; the party continued to be a reliable political partner with the Swiss Conservative People's Party and the Free Democratic Party. In 1971, the BGB changed its name to the Swiss People's Party after it merged with the Democratic Party from Glarus and Graubünden.
The Democratic Party had been supported by workers, the SVP sought to expand its electoral base towards these, as the traditional BGB base in the rural population had started to lose its importance in the post-war era. As the Democratic Party had represented centrist, social-liberal positions, the course of the SVP shifted towards the political centre following internal debates; the new party however continued to see its level of support at around 11%, the same as the former BGB throughout the post-war era. Internal debates continued, the 1980s saw growing conflicts between the Bern and Zürich cantonal branches, where the former branch represented the centrist faction, the latter looked to put new issues on the political agenda; when the young entrepreneur Christoph Blocher was elected president of the Zürich SVP in 1977, he declared his intent to oversee significant change in the political line of the Zürich SVP, bringing an end to debates that aimed to open the party up to a wide array of opinions.
Blocher soon consolidated his power in Zürich, began to renew the organisational structures, campaigning style and political agenda of the local branch. The young members of the party was boosted with the establishment of a cantonal Young SVP in 1977, as well as political training courses; the ideology of the Zürich branch was reinforced, the rhetoric hardened, which resulted in the best election result for the Zürich branch in fifty years in the 1979 federal election, with an increase from 11.3% to 14.5%. This was contrasted with the stable level in the other cantons, although the support stagnated in Zürich through the 1980s; the struggle between the SVP's largest branches of Bern and Zürich continued into the early 1990s. While the Bern-oriented faction represented the old moderate style, the Zürich-oriented wing led by Christoph Blocher represented a new radical right-wing populist agenda; the Zürich wing began to politicise asylum issues, the question of European integration started to dominate Swiss political debates.
They adopted more confrontational methods. The Zürich-wing followingly started to gain ground in the party at the expense of the Bern-wing, the party became increasing
Volketswil is a municipality in the district of Uster in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland. Volketswil has an area of 14 km2. Of this area, 42.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 24.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 32.1% is settled and the remainder is non-productive. In 1996 housing and buildings made up 22.4% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest. Of the total unproductive area, water made up 0.2% of the area. As of 2007 30.1% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction. Volketswil has a population of 18,693; as of 2007, 22.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 50% male and 50% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 19.4%. Most of the population speaks German, with Italian being second most common and Albanian being third. In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 48.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS, the FDP and the CSP.
The age distribution of the population is children and teenagers make up 23.7% of the population, while adults make up 68.9% and seniors make up 7.4%. In Volketswil about 76.8% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education. There are 5988 households in Volketswil. Volketswil has an unemployment rate of 3.3%. As of 2005, there were 127 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 39 businesses involved in this sector. 3270 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 180 businesses in this sector. 5698 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 607 businesses in this sector. As of 2007 36.7% of the working population were employed full-time, 63.3% were employed part-time. As of 2008 there were 5868 Protestants in Volketswil. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census, 43.5% were some type of Protestant, with 41.1% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 2.3% belonging to other Protestant churches.
32.2% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 7.6% were Muslim, 9.4% belonged to another religion, 2.7% did not give a religion, 11.3% were atheist or agnostic. Ronny Keller a former Swiss ice hockey defenceman Dean Kukan a Swiss professional ice hockey defenceman Official website
Wangen-Brüttisellen is a municipality in the district of Uster in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland, located in the Glatt Valley. Wangen-Brüttisellen now incorporates Wangen bei Dübendorf, at one time a separate town; the photo used on this page is the center of. Wangen-Brüttisellen has an area of 7.9 km2. Of this area, 46.6 % is used for agricultural purposes. Of the rest of the land, 26.4% is settled and the remainder is non-productive. In 1996 housing and buildings made up 13.3% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest. Of the total unproductive area, water made up 0.3% of the area. As of 2007 21.6% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction. Wangen-Brüttisellen has a population of 7,883; as of 2007, 24.3% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 49.5 % female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 30%. Most of the population speaks German, with Italian being second most common and Albanian being third.
In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP. The next three most popular parties were the SPS, the FDP and the CSP; the age distribution of the population is children and teenagers make up 25.8% of the population, while adults make up 66.2% and seniors make up 8%. In Wangen-Brüttisellen about 74.4% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education. There are 2498 households in Wangen-Brüttisellen. Wangen-Brüttisellen has an unemployment rate of 2.88%. As of 2005, there were 84 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 24 businesses involved in this sector. 1061 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 86 businesses in this sector. 2184 people are employed with 242 businesses in this sector. As of 2007 69.2% of the working population were employed full-time, 30.8% were employed part-time. As of 2008 there were 2397 Protestants in Wangen-Brüttisellen. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories.
From the census, 40.2% were some type of Protestant, with 37.8% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 2.4% belonging to other Protestant churches. 32.7% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 0% were Muslim, 10.6% belonged to another religion, 3.5% did not give a religion, 12.2% were atheist or agnostic. Official website
Swiss Reformed Church
The Swiss Reformed Church is the Reformed branch of Protestantism in Switzerland started in Zürich by Huldrych Zwingli and spread within a few years to Basel, Bern, St. Gallen, to cities in southern Germany and via Alsace to France. Switzerland is the birthplace of the Reformed tradition as it was Zwingli who first preached it in 1519. Since 1920, the Swiss Reformed Churches have been organized in 26 member churches of the Federation of Swiss Protestant Churches; as of 2017, 2,150,387 people are registered members of a Reformed cantonal church. The Reformation spread into the cities of Switzerland, composed of loosely connected cantons. Breakthrough began in the 1520s in Zurich under Zwingli, in Bern in 1528 under Berchtold Haller, in Basel in 1529 under Johannes Oecolampadius. After the early death of Zwingli in 1531, the Reformation continued; the French-speaking cities Neuchâtel and Lausanne changed to the Reformation ten years under William Farel and John Calvin coming from France. The Zwingli and Calvin branches had each their theological distinctions, but in 1549 under the lead of Bullinger and Calvin they came to a common agreement in the Consensus Tigurinus, 1566 in the Second Helvetic Confession.
The German Reformed ideological center was Zurich, the French speaking Reformed movement bastion was Geneva. A distinctive feature of the Swiss Reformed churches in the Zwinglian tradition is their almost symbiotic link to the state, only loosening in the present. In cities where the Reformed faith became leading theology, several confessions were written, some of them: The 67 Articles of Zurich Theses of Berne 1528 Berne Synodus 1532 Confession of Geneva 1537 Second Helvetic Confession written by Bullinger in 1566In the mid 19th century, opposition to liberal theology and interventions by the state led to secessions in several cantonal churches. One of these secessionist churches still exists today, the Evangelical Free Church of Geneva, founded in 1849, while a couple of others have reunited with the Swiss Reformed Church in 1943 and 1966. An important issue to liberal theologians was the Apostles' Creed, they questioned its binding character. This caused a heated debate; until the late 1870s, most cantonal reformed churches stopped prescribing any particular creed.
In 1920 the Federation of Swiss Protestant Churches, with 24 member churches — 22 cantonal churches and 2 free churches, was formed to serve as a legal umbrella before the federal government and represent the church in international relations. Like many European Protestant denominations, several of the Swiss Reformed churches have welcomed gay and lesbian members to celebrate their civil unions within a church context; as early as 1999, the Reformed Churches in St. Gallen and Lucerne had permitted prayer and celebration services for same-sex couples to recognize their civil unions. Since the Reformed Church in Aargau has allowed for prayer services to celebrate same-sex couples. To date, seven other Swiss Reformed churches, including Bern-Jura-Solothurn, Graubünden, Ticino, Vaud, Zürich, have allowed prayer or blessing services for same-sex civil unions. Organizationally, the Reformed Churches in Switzerland remain cantonal units; the German churches are more in the Zwinglian tradition. They are governed synodically and their relation to the respective canton ranges from independent to close collaboration, depending on historical developments.
Reformed Churches in the Swiss cantons: Reformed Church of Aargau Evangelical-Reformed Church of Appenzell Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton Basel-Landschaft Evangelical-Reformed Church of the Canton Basel-Stadt Reformed Churches of the Canton Bern-Jura-Solothurn Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton Freiburg Protestant Church of Geneva Evangelical Free Church of Geneva Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Glarus Evangelical Reformed Church of Graubünden Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Lucerne Reformed Church of the Canton of Neuchâtel Evangelical-Reformed Church of Nidwalen Association of Evangelical Reformed Churches in the Canton of Obwalden Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of St. Gallen Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Schaffhausen Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Schwyz Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Solothurn Evangelical Reformed Church of Ticino Evangelical Church of the Canton of Thurgau Evangelical Reformed Church of Uri Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Vaud Evangelical Reformed Church in Valais Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Zürich Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Zug
Adlisberg, with an elevation of 701 metres, is a wooded mountain in Switzerland overlooking Zürichsee to the northwest near the Zürichberg. Adlisberg mountain is located to the east of the city of Zürich, between the Glatt river valley and Lake Zürich, its highest point is about 200 metres above the Lake Zürich. The mountain range is part of a chain of hills — among them Käferberg and Pfannenstiel — between Greifensee and Lake Zürich. On the southern and western flanks of the Adlisberg are located the Zürich quarters Hottingen and Witikon; the upper part of Hottingen is a residential quarter of Zürich. On a terrace on the north side of the city of Zürich are situated the hamlets Tobelhof and Geeren, it is a picturesque location and the lower western side of the hill is now part of the residential district of Zürich. The Zürich Zoo and FIFA's headquarters are located to the northwest, on the plateau between Adlisberg and the Zürichberg the latter one on the southern flank of the Zürichberg, it is the location of restaurants, among them the high-levelled Grand Hotel Dolder.
At the Grand Hotel Dolder, a small golf course was built. Nearby, on the hilltop, sport courts are situated, among them a popular wave pool, a mini-golf course, a Curling hall, tennis clubs, a driving range, the Dolder ice rink, built in 1930 and considered to be one of the largest artificial ice rinks in Europe. Waldschule Adlisberg aims at children, provided by the city of Zürich; the upper part of the hill is woodland and a popular recreational area for hiker and biker enthusiasts. On the eastern hilltop, 690 metres above sea level, is a 33 metres meter high observation tower located, Loorenkopf nearby Witikon, which offers a panorama over Lake Zürich, Pfannenstiel region and the Glatt Valley. On the northeastern side of the Adlisberg the ruins of the Dübelstein castle are situated; the Dolderbahn rack railway runs up to the hilltop, buses provided by the Verkehrsbetriebe Zürich run between Zürich and the neighbouring communities of Dübendorf, Fällanden and Maur, as well as the Tobelhofstrasse connecting the southeastern parts of Zürich with Glatt Valley and Pfannenstiel region.
Sigmund Widmer Stadtpräsident of the city of Zürich, in 1971 initiated the plans for the satellite town Waldstatt for about 100,000 inhabitants, comprising an area of about 4.5 square kilometres on the Adlisberg hill plateau. In addition to 30,000 inexpensive housing, 230 classrooms, 10 double gyms, swimming pools, cinemas, churches, a hospital, hotels, a convention center and theater, as well as a subway and underground motorway connections were planned, thus a car-free settlement on the surface would have occurred, but the project was opposed for ecological reasons, never realized. Dübelstein in German and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland. Adlisberg on hikr.org