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DDR3 SDRAM

Double Data Rate 3 Synchronous Dynamic Random-Access Memory abbreviated as DDR3 SDRAM, is a type of synchronous dynamic random-access memory with a high bandwidth interface, has been in use since 2007. It is the higher-speed successor to DDR and DDR2 and predecessor to DDR4 synchronous dynamic random-access memory chips. DDR3 SDRAM is neither forward nor backward compatible with any earlier type of random-access memory because of different signaling voltages and other factors. DDR3 is a DRAM interface specification; the actual DRAM arrays. The primary benefit of DDR3 SDRAM over its immediate predecessor, DDR2 SDRAM, is its ability to transfer data at twice the rate, enabling higher bandwidth or peak data rates. With two transfers per cycle of a quadrupled clock signal, a 64-bit wide DDR3 module may achieve a transfer rate of up to 64 times the memory clock speed. With data being transferred 64 bits at a time per memory module, DDR3 SDRAM gives a transfer rate of × 4 × 2 × 64 / 8, thus with a memory clock frequency of 100 MHz, DDR3 SDRAM gives a maximum transfer rate of 6400 MB/s.

The DDR3 standard permits DRAM chip capacities of up to 8 gibibits, up to four ranks of 64 bits each for a total maximum of 16 GiB per DDR3 DIMM. Because of a hardware limitation not fixed until Ivy Bridge-E in 2013, most older Intel CPUs only support up to 4-gibibit chips for 8 GiB DIMMs. All AMD CPUs support the full specification for 16 GiB DDR3 DIMMs. In February 2005, Samsung introduced the first prototype DDR3 memory chip. Samsung played a major role in the development and standardisation of DDR3. In May 2005, Desi Rhoden, chairman of the JEDEC committee, stated that DDR3 had been under development for "about 3 years". DDR3 was launched in 2007, but sales were not expected to overtake DDR2 until the end of 2009, or early 2010, according to Intel strategist Carlos Weissenberg, speaking during the early part of their roll-out in August 2008; the primary driving force behind the increased usage of DDR3 has been new Core i7 processors from Intel and Phenom II processors from AMD, both of which have internal memory controllers: the former requires DDR3, the latter recommends it.

IDC stated in January 2009 that DDR3 sales would account for 29% of the total DRAM units sold in 2009, rising to 72% by 2011. In September 2012, JEDEC released the final specification of DDR4; the primary benefits of DDR4 compared to DDR3 include a higher standardized range of clock frequencies and data transfer rates and lower voltage. Compared to DDR2 memory, DDR3 memory uses less power; this reduction comes from the difference in supply voltages: 1.8 V or 1.9 V for DDR2 versus 1.35 V or 1.5 V for DDR3. The 1.5 V supply voltage works well with the 90 nanometer fabrication technology used in the original DDR3 chips. Some manufacturers further propose using "dual-gate" transistors to reduce leakage of current. According to JEDEC, 1.575 volts should be considered the absolute maximum when memory stability is the foremost consideration, such as in servers or other mission-critical devices. In addition, JEDEC states that memory modules must withstand up to 1.80 volts before incurring permanent damage, although they are not required to function at that level.

Another benefit is its prefetch buffer, 8-burst-deep. In contrast, the prefetch buffer of DDR2 is 4-burst-deep, the prefetch buffer of DDR is 2-burst-deep; this advantage is an enabling technology in DDR3's transfer speed. DDR3 modules can transfer data at a rate of 800–2133 MT/s using both rising and falling edges of a 400–1066 MHz I/O clock; this is twice DDR2's data transfer rates and four times the rate of DDR. High-performance graphics was an initial driver of such bandwidth requirements, where high bandwidth data transfer between framebuffers is required; because the hertz is a measure of cycles per second, no signal cycles more than every other transfer, describing the transfer rate in units of MHz is technically incorrect, although common. It is misleading because various memory timings are given in units of clock cycles, which are half the speed of data transfers. DDR3 does use the same electric signaling standard as DDR and DDR2, Stub Series Terminated Logic, albeit at different timings and voltages.

DDR3 uses SSTL_15. In February 2005, Samsung demonstrated the first DDR3 memory prototype, with a capacity of 512 Mb and a bandwidth of 1.066 Gbps. Products in the form of motherboards appeared on the market in June 2007 based on Intel's P35 "Bearlake" chipset with DIMMs at bandwidths up to DDR3-1600; the Intel Core i7, released in November 2008, connects directly to memory rather than via a chipset. The Core i7 supports only DDR3. AMD's first socket AM3 Phenom II X4 processors, released in February 2009, were their first to support DDR3. DDR3 dual-inline memory modules have 240 pins and are electrically incompatible with DDR2. A key notch—located differently in DDR2 and DDR3 DIMMs—prevents accidentally interchanging them. Not only are they keyed differently, but DDR2 has rounded notches on the side and the DDR3 modules have square notches on the side. DDR3 SO-DIMMs have 204 pins. For the Skylake microarchitecture, Intel has desi

BCL 102

The BCL 102 is a lightweight, 7.62×51mm, magazine-fed, gas-operated semi-automatic rifle. Black Creek Labs introduced the BCL 102 in 2017; this rifle takes its roots from the NEA102, derived from the Armalite AR 102, hence the numerals "102" in its name. Circa Aug 2017. First public release. Circa Dec 2017. Current production version. Changes from the first wave include: ambidextrous bolt release, redesigned upper receiver, redesigned brass deflector, redesigned BCL logo, redesigned bolt catch, addition of a trigger guard lowering gate, flared magazine well; this wave reportedly has a modified ejection window and dust cover that allows the operator to slide the cover open without having to pull the bolt backwards. At some point, the charge handle was replaced by an ambidextrous in-house model; the stock was changed to a "Captain Hook" style. The barrel nut now has lightening holes in it. No official details or plans as of Dec 2017. BCL has neither confirmed or denied any plans for future generations/iterations of the 7.62mm/.308 BCL 102.

There may be other calibre options available in the future. As delivered, a Wave 2 rifle weighs approx. 8.9lbs. The rifle action operates on a direct impingement system; the BCL 102 operates in a similar fashion to the popular Colt AR 15. The upper receiver incorporates the fore stock, the charging handle, the gas operating system, the barrel, the bolt and bolt carrier assembly; the BCL 102 employ a modular design. Thus one upper receiver can and be substituted for another. Upper receivers are available with barrels of different weights, lengths and rail systems with various sights and accessories; the standard BCL 102 rifle uses an 18.5" barrel, to be categorized as a non-restricted firearm in Canada. BCL uses an ambidextrous rear charging handle; some users have reported that third party charge handle require shaving off some of the material off the'ears' of these handles. This seems to affect Wave 2 rifles only; the lower receiver incorporates the magazine well, the pistol grip, the buttstock, the buffer and the buffer spring.

The lower receiver contains the trigger, disconnector and fire selector. The BCL 102 uses standard picatinny rails, which allows the use of various scopes and sighting devices; the BCL 102's barrel has standard 5/8" x 24 threading on the end, which allows a variety of muzzle devices to be installed on it. As of Wave 2, they come with a flash hider installed; the BCL 102 uses 10-20-30-round staggered-column AR-10/SR-25 style magazines. Due a clause in Canada's magazine restrictions the maximum amount limit allowed is 10 rounds while using a XCR-M pistol magazine. All other common magazines available are pinned or physically limited to 5 rounds per Canadian law. Note though it's legal to possess and use XCR-M pistol magazines it is common to have restrictions on magazine capacity while hunting as prescribed by provincial or territorial law. There is a vast assortment of aftermarket parts and accessories available for the BCL 102. Including: Barrels, Bolt Carrier Groups, Charging Handles, Furniture & Stock Kits, Picatinny Rails, Muzzle Devices, Trigger Groups, Bi-Pods, Tactical Lights, Carry Handles, Sights and Optics, to name a few.

Modern sporting rifle

The Love Patient

The Love Patient is a 2011 gay-themed romantic comedy written and directed by Michael Simon, released to festivals in 2011, on DVD in 2012. Paul, a professional ad executive, is suffering and feeling nostalgic about his former relationship to Brad, a whole year after their break up. Paul is not used to losing, is self-involved, too haughty to go crawling back to his ex asking for a second chance, hence he comes up with an elaborate plan to win Brad's pity and love. Brad is now dating a bisexual former Bowflex model called Ted. Paul helps bail out his doctor Burt Halper out of a financial strain, on condition that he diagnoses Paul with cancer and prescribes a fake treatment. Word is conveniently spread to Brad. However, Paul's antics are too good his mother moves in, turning his apartment into a makeshift hospital. Trouble brews when his snoopy sister tags soon starts to notice that something is amiss. Paul soon finds himself deep in the situation without any hope of controlling it when it comes to his unpredictable sister.

All his plans unravel when Brad's new boyfriend, Ted, is seduced by his sister and whispers of Paul's fake cancer to Brad as she breaks the dual. Brad is distraught and feels played and manipulated but is comforted by the now healed Paul; the two find themselves too intertwined since their meeting to break up their cordial relation. The Love Patient on IMDb

Andrew Stopera

Andrew Stopera is an American curler from Briarcliff Manor, New York. He is a three-time United States Junior Champion and won the silver medal at the 2017 World Junior Championships. Stopera had a prolific junior curling career, playing in the United States Junior Championships seven straight years, 2013–2019, medaling every time; the first two seasons of his junior career Stopera played third for Scott Dunnam's team. They improved to silver at the 2014 Junior Nationals. Dunnam aged out of juniors after the 2013-14 season and Stopera joined the United States Curling Association's Junior High Performance Program. Stopera was added to the Korey Dropkin rink at the lead position, joining Tom Howell, Mark Fenner, alternate Luc Violette. Despite the new team, the result at the 2015 Junior Nationals was a familiar one, another silver medal; the team competed in the United States Men's Championship, where they finished 7th. The next season, Stopera formed a new team, adding Luc Violette at third, Steven Szemple at second, William Pryor at lead.

The new lineup earned bronze at the 2016 Junior Nationals. For the 2016-17 season, Team Stopera got a new front end, with Ben Richardson joining at second and Graem Fenson at lead; this line-up won the next three United States Junior Championships, 2017–2019. Winning Junior Nationals earned them the chance to represent the United States at the World Junior Championships. At their first appearance, the 2017 Worlds, they earned the silver medal when they lost to Lee Ki-jeong's South Korean team in the final. At the 2018 Worlds they lost to Team Switzerland. Stopera finished fifth at his final Worlds in 2019. Stopera played at the Winter University Games twice as a junior, in 2017 and 2019, he played as alternate for Alex Leichter's team at the 2017 Games. Two years Stopera returned to the WUG as skip but again came up short, finishing in eighth place. After aging out of juniors Stopera joined Todd Birr's team for the 2019-20 season, he is still in the High Performance Program, but now as a mixed doubles athlete competing with Madison Bear.

Stopera's father Bill is a curler, won the United States Men's Championship in 2012. Andrew Stopera at United States Olympic & Paralympic Committee Andrew Stopera at World Curling Federation Andrew Stopera at World Curling Tour Andrew Stopera on the CurlingZone database

Ghazi of Iraq

Ghazi bin Faisal was the King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq from 1933 to 1939 having been Crown Prince of the Kingdom of Syria in 1920. He was born in the only son of Faisal I, the first King of Iraq. Ghazi was the only son of Huzaima bint Nasser. In his childhood Ghazi was left with his grandfather, Hussein bin Ali, the Hashemite Grand Sharif of Mecca and head of the royal house of Hashim, while his father was occupied with travel and in military campaigns against the Ottomans; the Hashemites had ruled the Hijaz within the Ottoman Empire before rebelling with British assistance in the stages of World War I. He attended Harrow School. Unlike his worldly father, Ghazi grew up a inexperienced young man. Following the defeat of his grandfather's army by Saudi forces in 1924, he was forced to leave the Hijaz with the rest of the Hashemites, they travelled to Transjordan. In the same year, Ghazi joined his father in Baghdad and was appointed as crown prince and heir to the Kingdom of Iraq, his father had been crowned following a national referendum in 1921.

As a 16-year-old schoolboy, he met the traveller-adventurer Richard Halliburton and his pilot Moye Stephens during their round-the-world flight. Ghazi was taken for his first flight by Halliburton and Stephens in a biplane named the'Flying Carpet', they flew down to see the ruins of Ancient Babylon and other historical sites and flew low over the prince's own school so that his schoolmates could see him in the biplane. An account of young prince Ghazi's experience flying over his country can be found in Richard Halliburton's The Flying Carpet. Ghazi came to Simele to award'victorious' colours to the military and tribal leaders who, on 11 August 1933, participated in the Simele massacre of Assyrians and the looting of their homes. On 8 September 1933, King Faisal I died, Ghazi was crowned as King Ghazi I. On the same day, Ghazi was appointed Admiral of the Fleet in the Royal Iraqi Navy, Field Marshal of the Royal Iraq Army, Marshal of the Royal Iraqi Air Force. A staunch pan-Arab nationalist, opposed to British interests in his country, Ghazi's reign was characterized by tensions between civilians and the army, which sought control of the government.

He supported General Bakr Sidqi in his coup, which replaced the civilian government with a military one. This was the first coup d'état to take place in the modern Arab world, he was rumoured to harbour sympathies for Nazi Germany and put forth a claim for Kuwait to be annexed to Iraq. For this purpose he had his own radio station in al-Zuhoor royal palace in which he promoted that claim and other radical views. On 25 January 1934 Ghazi married his first cousin, Princess Aliya bint Ali, daughter of his uncle King Ali of Hejaz in Baghdad, Iraq, they had only one son, Faisal II, born 2 May 1935. Ghazi was suspected of having an extra-marital affair with a young Iraqi servant. British sources wrote in 1938 that King Ghazi's bad reputation was tarnished "further" when a "Negro youth,", employed at the palace, died by "accidentally" discharging his revolver when he didn’t remove it before his afternoon siesta. An official police expert ruled that the Palace's explanation was consistent with the police examination.

But the British suspected there was more to the story, in particular that one of Queen Aliya's "adherents" might have killed the boy, as the boy was suspected to be "the King's boon companion in debauchery" and the Queen therefore had a "deep aversion" to the boy. The King was in a panic after this incident, fearing imminent assassination. Ghazi died in 1939 in an accident involving a sports car. According to the scholars Ma'ruf al-Rusafi and Safa Khulusi, a common view by many Iraqis at the time was that he was killed on the orders of Nuri al-Said, because of his plans for unification of Iraq with Kuwait. Faisal, Ghazi's only son, succeeded him as King Faisal II; because Faisal was underage, Prince Abdul Ilah served as regent until 1953. British Mandate of Mesopotamia Saib Shawkat Ali, Tariq. Bush in Babylon: the Recolonisation of Iraq. W. W. Norton, 2003. ISBN 1-85984-583-5. Stafford, R; the Tragedy of the Assyrians. Gorgias Press LLC. ISBN 978-1-59333-413-0. "Young King". Time Magazine. 17 April 1939.

Retrieved 17 August 2009. "Coins of Ghazi I." Retrieved 30 August 2009. Newspaper clippings about Ghazi of Iraq in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW

Boronia rozefeldsii

Boronia rozefeldsii known as Schouten Island boronia, is a species of plant in the citrus family Rutaceae and is endemic to a small Tasmanian island. It is an erect, four-petalled flowers, it is similar to B. pilosa which grows on the same island, but has larger petals and fewer hairs on the leaflets. Boronia rozefeldsii is an erect, woody shrub which grows to a height of 50 cm and has pinnate leaves; the leaves are 10–20 mm long and 22–26 mm wide in outline on a petiole 1–3 mm long with between three and seven leaflets. The end leaflet is narrow elliptic to narrow egg-shaped, 7–8.5 mm long and 2.5–4 mm wide and the side leaflets are a similar shape but longer. There are between three and seven flowers on a peduncle 1–2 mm long, the individual flowers on pedicels 3–6 mm long; the four sepals are narrow triangular, about 2 mm long with long hairs. The four petals are pink, 8–10 mm long with hairs on the edges of their backs; the eight stamens are hairy with pimply glands near the tip and the stigma is tiny.

Flowering has been observed in November. Boronia rozefeldsii was first formally described in 2003 by Marco F. Duretto and the description was published in the journal Muelleria; the specific epithet honours Andrew Rozefelds. This boronia grows in shallow crevices on bare granite outcrops on Schouten Island in Freycinet National Park