UK Singles Chart
The UK Singles Chart is compiled by the Official Charts Company, on behalf of the British record industry, listing the top-selling singles in the United Kingdom, based upon physical sales, paid-for downloads and streaming. The Official Chart, broadcast on BBC Radio 1 and MTV, is the UK music industry's recognised official measure of singles and albums popularity because it is the most comprehensive research panel of its kind, today surveying over 15,000 retailers and digital services daily, capturing 99.9% of all singles consumed in Britain across the week, over 98% of albums. To be eligible for the chart, a single is defined by the Official Charts Company as either a'single bundle' having no more than four tracks and not lasting longer than 25 minutes or one digital audio track not longer than 15 minutes with a minimum sale price of 40 pence; the rules have changed many times as technology has developed, the most notable being the inclusion of digital downloads in 2005 and streaming in July 2014.
The OCC website contains the Top 100 chart. Some media outlets only list the Top 75 of this list; the chart week runs from 00:01 Friday to midnight Thursday, with most UK physical and digital singles being released on Fridays. From 3 August 1969 until 5 July 2015, the chart week ran from 00:01 Sunday to midnight Saturday; the Top 40 chart is first issued on Friday afternoons by BBC Radio 1 as The Official Chart from 16:00 to 17:45, before the full Official Singles Chart Top 100 is posted on the Official Charts Company's website. A rival chart show, The Vodafone Big Top 40, is based on iTunes downloads and commercial radio airplay across the Global Radio network only, is broadcast on Sunday afternoons from 16:00 to 19:00 on 145 local commercial radio stations across the United Kingdom; the Big Top 40 is not regarded by the industry or wider media. There is a show called "Official KISS Top 40", counting down 40 most played songs on Kiss FM every Sunday 17:00 to 19:00; the UK Singles Chart began to be compiled in 1952.
According to the Official Charts Company's statistics, as of 1 July 2012, 1,200 singles have topped the UK Singles Chart. The precise number of chart-toppers is debatable due to the profusion of competing charts from the 1950s to the 1980s, but the usual list used is that endorsed by the Guinness Book of British Hit Singles and subsequently adopted by the Official Charts Company; the company regards a selected period of the New Musical Express chart and the Record Retailer chart from 1960 to 1969 as predecessors for the period prior to 11 February 1969, where multiples of competing charts coexisted side by side. For example, the BBC compiled its own chart based on an average of the music papers of the time; the first number one on the UK Singles Chart was "Here in My Heart" by Al Martino for the week ending date 14 November 1952. As of the week ending date 18 April 2019, the UK Singles Chart has had 1352 different number-one hits; the current number-one single is "Someone You Loved" by Lewis Capaldi.
Before the compilation of sales of records, the music market measured a song's popularity by sales of sheet music. The idea of compiling a chart based on sales originated in the United States, where the music-trade paper Billboard compiled the first chart incorporating sales figures on 20 July 1940. Record charts in the UK began in 1952, when Percy Dickins of the New Musical Express gathered a pool of 52 stores willing to report sales figures. For the first British chart Dickins telephoned 20 shops, asking for a list of the 10 best-selling songs; these results were aggregated into a Top 12 chart published in NME on 14 November 1952, with Al Martino's "Here in My Heart" awarded the number-one position. The chart became a successful feature of the periodical. Record Mirror compiled its own Top 10 chart for 22 January 1955; the NME chart was based on a telephone poll. Both charts expanded in size, with Mirror's becoming a Top 20 in October 1955 and NME's becoming a Top 30 in April 1956. Another rival publication, Melody Maker, began compiling its own chart.
It was the first chart to include Northern Ireland in its sample. Record Mirror began running a Top 5 album chart in July 1956. In March 1960, Record Retailer had a Top 50 singles chart. Although NME had the largest circulation of charts in the 1960s and was followed, in March 1962 Record Mirror stopped compiling its own chart and published Record Retailer's instead. Retailer began independent auditing in January 1963, has been used by the UK Singles Chart as the source for number-ones since the week ending 12 March 1960; the choice of Record Retailer as the source has been criticised. With available lists of which record shops were sampled to compile the charts some shops were subjected to "hyping" but, with Record Retailer being less followed than some charts, it was subject to less hyping. Additionally, Retailer was set up by independent record shops and had no funding or affiliation with record companies. However, it had a smaller sample size than some ri
The Coventry Telegraph is a local English tabloid newspaper. It was founded as The Midland Daily Telegraph in 1891 by William Isaac Iliffe, was Coventry's first daily newspaper. Sold for half a penny, it was a four-page broadsheet newspaper, it changed its name to the Coventry Evening Telegraph on 17 November 1941, the Coventry Telegraph on 2 October 2006. The newspaper became a part of the Mirror Group, in 1997. In April 2015, the publication had a paid daily circulation of just over 18,000 copies. Historical copies of the Coventry Telegraph, dating back to 1914, are available to search and view in digitised form at the British Newspaper Archive; the only day the newspaper was unable to publish was 15 November 1940, owing to the blitz raid on the city. From 1946 until the end of April 2004, a separate sports publication, The Pink, was printed every Saturday evening, it provided coverage of sport from the Midlands, as well as international sport. The fortunes of Coventry City F. C. played a prominent role in The Pink'.
With the 1998-99 football season, The Pink became the first regional evening newspaper to provide same day reports from all FA Premiership matches. In 2016, Coventry Telegraph launched a new weekly podcast, centred around goings on at Coventry City F. C. titled'The Pink'. The headquarters for a significant period of the paper's history was at 157 Corporation Street, Coventry, CV1 1FP; the foundation stone was laid by the proprietor, Lord Iliffe G. B. E, on 21 November 1957. In the 1970s, the Evening Telegraph had a regular consumer page called Watchdog, edited by Ken Burgess. Subsequently, the BBC used the same name for. In 1985, the local independent radio station and the Telegraph formed the Snowball Appeal, a charitable organisation whose aim is to raise money to help sick and needy children in Coventry and Warwickshire. After 96 years of ownership by the Illife Family, American Ralph Ingersoll II bought the controlling interest of the Iliffe family's newspapers. However, in 1991, the managing director, Chris Oakley, led a management buy-out creating Midland Independent Newspapers.
In 1997, Midland Independent Newspapers was sold for £297 million to Mirror Group. In 1999, Mirror Group merged with the regional newspaper group Trinity. From 2 October 2006, the publication changed from an evening paper to a morning paper. To reflect this change, the newspaper's name changed to Coventry Telegraph; the switch to a morning paper saw a change in emphasis with the printed edition concentrating on exclusive and community news, leaving breaking news to its website. In the summer of 2012, the paper moved its headquarters to Thomas Yeoman House at Coventry Canal Basin, in Leicester Row; the decision by the proprietors was a consequence of the changing patterns of work at the paper. With the number of staff reduced and no longer needing the space for the discontinued printing presses, it was decided that a smaller, more modern headquarters was now necessary. In May 2017 the Corporation Street site was opened to the public so they could view it as it had been left when it closed; when the exhibition ends in July 2018 Complex Developments Ltd hope to turn the buildings into a 100-bed hotel.
In the summer of 2014, the newspaper began a social media campaign entitled #bringCityhome, which helped ensure Coventry City F. C.'s return to the city following their exile at Sixfields in Northampton. The campaign drew praise from national figures within the football world, it was shortlisted at the Press Gazette British Journalism Awards 2014 in the Campaign of the Year category and Simon Gilbert, who spearheaded the campaign, was nominated for Sports Journalist of the Year. The current Editor-in-chief of the Coventry Telegraph is Keith Perry, he has been in post since January 2015, joining from Trinity Mirror Midlands stablemate the Birmingham Mail, where he held the position of Football Editor. Perry worked at the Coventry Telegraph as sports editor. Below is an incomplete list of editors of the Coventry Telegraph and Coventry Evening Telegraph: Eric Ivens Keith Whetstone Geoffrey Elliot Neil Benson Dan Mason Alan Kirby Dave Brookes Darren Parkin Alun Thorne Coventry Newspapers Limited, a subsidiary of Trinity Mirror Midlands Ltd is the publisher of the Telegraph and a number of local publications.
The managing director is Simon Edgley. The Telegraph is published Monday to Saturday in the following editions: City Nuneaton Warwickshire Current: The Hinckley Times The Loughborough EchoFormer: The Bedworth Echo The Coventry Times Coventry Pink The Hinckley Herald & Classified Journal The Kenilworth, Warwick & Royal Leamington Spa Times Midland Farm Ad The Nuneaton Tribune The Rugby Times Coventry Telegraph website The Hinckley Times website The Loughborough Echo website Trinity Mirror Midlands website Trinity Mirror website
Andrew Bernstein, better known by his stage name Abdominal, is a rapper from Toronto, Canada. Andy Bernstein grew up in Toronto and attended Northern Secondary School in the late 80s and early 90s, gaining a reputation there for his cartoons and graphic design work. Using the name Abdominal, he formed his first rap crew with DJ Serious and Scott C. called Rushholme and they started recording tracks. A chance meeting in 1998 with DJ Fase led to them teaming up as Fase, they began recording and released the limited single "Vinyl Frontier". This led to them collaborating. Abdominal's raps became a standout feature on DJ Format's first album, Music For the Mature B-Boy, released in 2003. From 2003 to 2005 they toured as part of Jurassic 5's European tour while in 2004 Abs and Fase released an album called Flowtation Device. Abdominal appeared on DJ Format's second album, If You Can't Join'Em… Beat'Em, in 2005, alongside fellow Canadian rapper, D-Sisive, his first solo album, Escape from the Pigeon Hole, was released in May 2007 in the United Kingdom by Antidote Records and features collaborations with DJ Format, Cut Chemist, DJ Fase, DJ Serious, Notes to Self, Circle Research, Young Einstein from hip-hop group Ugly Duckling and jazz musician Elizabeth Shepherd.
Aside from being a recording artist Abdominal appears at the Supermarket Club in Toronto hosting'Do Right Saturdays' alongside DJ Fase and others from the Toronto hip hop scene. In June 2007 Abdominal toured the UK with DJ Fase. During their performance at the Jazz Café in London, Abdominal & DJ Fase were joined by DJ Format onstage for a version of Format's song, "Ill Culinary Behaviour", his song "Pedal Pusher", co-written with Rodney Pleasant, won the 2007 SOCAN Songwriting Prize, awarded for the best song in Canadian independent music by the Society of Composers and Music Publishers of Canada, as voted by the fans. In 2008 he collaborated with UK duo Jellybass, on a track called "Transatlantic". Jellybass and Abdominal embarked on a mini-tour of the UK which featured a mixture of Jellybass live music, collaborative tracks and some Jellybass remixes of DJ Format/ Abdominal tracks. In 2012 he released Sitting Music in collaboration with instrumental duo The Obliques; the album features no sampling, relying on live instruments.
The band toured the UK in early 2015. In February 2015, Abdominal and his mother Sharon Singer traveled to Fort McMurray, AB, became the first duo to present on stage at TEDxFortMcMurray with "Courage: Why I Wrote a Rap Song with my Mom". In late 2015 Abdominal and DJ Format reunited for a tour of the UK and released two new tracks. Albums Ab Flex Flowtation Device Escape from the Pigeon Hole Sitting Music Still Hungry Remix albums Pedal Workout Remix EP Still Hungry: The Remixes Live albums Freestyles Volume 1 Off the Top: Freestyles Volume 2 Singles "The Vinyl Frontier / Fly Antics" "A Good Day / Slow & Deliberate" "Abdominal Workout" "Pedal Pusher" "The A-B-D" Myspace site
Joshua Paul Davis, better known by his stage name DJ Shadow, is an American record producer and DJ. He first gained notice with the release of his acclaimed debut studio album, Endtroducing...... He has a personal record collection of over 60,000 records. DJ Shadow was experimenting with a four-track recorder while in high school in Davis and began his music career as a disc jockey for the University of California, Davis campus radio station KDVS. During this period he was significant in developing the experimental hip-hop style associated with the London-based Mo' Wax record label, his early singles, including "In/Flux" and "Lost and Found", were genre-bending, merging elements of funk, hip hop, jazz and used-bin found records. Andy Pemberton, a music journalist, writing for Mixmag, coined the term "trip hop" in June 1994 to describe Shadow's "In/Flux" single and similar tracks being spun in London clubs at the time, he has cited Kurtis Mantronik and Prince Paul as influences on his sample-based sound, further claiming that "lyrics were confining, too specific."
His music features more than short clips of voices or vocal work. During 1991-1992, DJ Shadow remixes were released on Hollywood BASIC, a short-lived rap/hip-hop subsidiary label of Hollywood Records. Notable amongst these is a 1992 compilation release titled "BASIC Beats Sampler", which features a remix of "The Real Deal", a song by Lifers Group, as well as a 12-plus-minute "Mega Mix" of the rest of the album, including tracks by west-coast underground hip-hop act, Raw Fusion and east-coast acts, Organized Konfusion and Zimbabwe Legit. In 1992, Shadow contributed scratching and production work to Sleeping with the Enemy, the controversial second release by rapper Paris. Early in 1993, Shadow was a part of the creation of the Solesides underground hip-hop label, in conjunction with Blackalicious and Lyrics Born; the first 12" release on this new imprint was titled "Entropy," with the A-side containing the Asia Born track "Send Them" and a dub rendition of the DJ Shadow track "Count and Estimate," and the entire B-side consisting of the 17-plus-minute title track.
Rapper Gift of Gab is featured in the version of "Estimate" that appears in Entropy. Shadow continued to participate in releases on the Solesides label for years to come, until the label was disbanded in favor of Quannum Projects. In 1993, Mo' Wax's James Lavelle contacted Shadow about releasing "In/Flux" on the fledgling imprint; the association with Mo' Wax was a productive one. Shadow worked with DJ Krush during this period. On a 1995 visit to the Mo' Wax Studios in London, Shadow was recruited to perform scratches on a James Lavelle and Tim Goldsworthy mix of the Massive Attack song "Karmacoma". Shadow's first full-length work, Endtroducing..... was released in late 1996 to critical acclaim. Endtroducing would go on to make the Guinness World Records book for "First Completely Sampled Album" in 2001; the only pieces of equipment Shadow used to produce the album were the AKAI MPC60 12-bit sampling drum machine, a pair of turntables and a borrowed-by-visiting Pro Tools setup from an early adopter of the technology, Dan "The Automator" Nakamura.
In November 2006 Time magazine named it one of its "All-Time" 100 best albums. In November 2014, automobile maker Chevrolet used a sample of DJ Shadow's "Building Steam With a Grain of Salt" in a Chevy commercial. In 1998 Shadow released Preemptive Strike, a compilation of early singles; that year, he produced Psyence Fiction, the debut album by Unkle, a long-time Mo' Wax production team that featured guest appearances including Thom Yorke, Richard Ashcroft, Mike D, Kool G. Rap, Jason Newsted, among others. Around 2000 he produced the score for the documentary Dark Days filmed by British director Marc Singer; this film is about a community of transients. It has six award wins in various competitions. Nearly six years after his debut production album, his second album, The Private Press, was released in June 2002. In the same year, the movie Scratch was released to DVD with DJ Shadow appearing several times throughout the movie. A video for his track "Six Days" was released in 2002, directed by Wong Kar-wai.
The album was mixed by Jim Abbiss. In 2004, Shadow's first feature-length DVD, In Tune and on Time, was released, it features a live performance in London. The Outsider album was released on 18 September 2006. A special edition CD box set was released containing The Outsider, the album on CD and a DVD entitled Tour Visuals; the Outsider, which prominently featured several artists from the local San Francisco Bay Area hyphy hip hop movement, got a mixed welcome among Shadow's fans. Responding to criticisms, the DJ/producer explained on his blog why he made no apologies: "Repeat Endtroducing over and over again? That was never in the game plan. Fuck that. So I think it's time for certain fans to decide if they are fans of the album, or the artist." DJ Shadow has collaborated with fellow DJ Cut Chemist. Together they have created three popular mixtapes entitled Brainfreeze, Product Placement, the recent The Hard Sell; these mixes fuse jazz and soul. He has collaborated with several other artists, including Blackalicious, Zack de la Rocha, Keak Da Sneak, Mos Def, David Banner, Dr. Octagon, an alter ego of Kool Keith.
In 2006, he signed a deal with Universal Records. DJ Shadow and Cut Chemist toured in 2008 in support of their mixtape The
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus
A Tribe Called Quest
A Tribe Called Quest was an American hip hop collective formed in 1985 and composed of MC and main producer Q-Tip, MC Phife Dawg, DJ and co-producer Ali Shaheed Muhammad, MC Jarobi White, who left the group amicably in 1991. That year, the group released its jazz-influenced second album, The Low End Theory, regarded for helping shape alternative hip hop in the 1990s. Along with De La Soul, the group was a central part of the Native Tongues, enjoying the most commercial success out of all the groups to emerge from that collective. In 1998, the band broke up shortly before releasing its fifth album, The Love Movement, but in 2006, the group's original members reunited and toured the United States. In 2016, the group released its sixth and final album, We Got It from Here... Thank You 4 Your Service, still incomplete when Phife Dawg died in March 2016, was completed by the other members after his death; the group is regarded as a pioneer of alternative hip hop music. John Bush of AllMusic called them "the most intelligent, artistic rap group during the 1990s."
The Source gave the group's debut album, People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm, a perfect rating of five'mics,' the first time the magazine gave out this rating. In 2005, A Tribe Called Quest received a Special Achievement Award at the Billboard R&B/Hip-Hop Awards in Atlanta. In 2007, the group was formally honored at the 4th VH1 Hip Hop Honors. Q-Tip and Phife Dawg were childhood friends who grew up together in New York. Q-Tip performed as a solo artist under the name MC Love Child teaming up with Ali Shaheed Muhammad as a rapper and DJ duo. While the duo made demos with Phife, he only became a full member once Jarobi White joined; the group's final name was coined in 1988 by the Jungle Brothers, who attended the same high school as Q-Tip and Muhammad. Q-Tip made two separate appearances on the Jungle Brothers' debut album, Straight Out the Jungle, in the songs "Black is Black" and "The Promo". In early 1989, the group signed a demo deal with Geffen Records and produced a five-song demo, which included album tracks "Description of a Fool", "I Left My Wallet in El Segundo" and "Pubic Enemy".
Geffen decided against offering the group a recording contract, the group was granted permission to shop for a deal elsewhere. After receiving lucrative offers for multi-album deals from a variety of labels, the group opted for a modest deal offered by Jive Records. Jive Records was known as an independent rap label that owed its success to building the careers of artists Boogie Down Productions and Too Short. Less than a year after signing with Jive, the group released their first single, "Description of a Fool", their debut album People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm was marked by a playful lyrical approach, as on the call-and-response-inspired "Can I Kick It?". People's Instinctive Travels was met with mixed reviews. Count Dracula of The Village Voice called the album "upliftingly dope" and "so sweet and lyrical, so user-friendly. You could play it in the background when you're reading Proust." The Source gave it the magazine's highest possible rating. However, Chuck Eddy of Rolling Stone wrote that the album "is one of the least danceable rap albums ever", he went on to say "it's impossible to imagine how people will put this music to use."The album only gained momentum after the release of the singles "Bonita Applebum" and "Can I Kick It?", went gold six years later.
After its release, White left the group for personal reasons. A remastered 25th anniversary edition of People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm is now available on Legacy Recordings and RCA Records; the group continued to gather a loyal fan base through touring and guest appearances such as on De La Soul's "A Roller Skating Jam Named "Saturdays". The group's second album, The Low End Theory, was released on September 24, 1991, with "Check the Rhime" as the lead single. Based around a sample from Average White Band's "Love Your Life", the song established the vocal interplay between Q-Tip and Phife; the two MCs began to focus on a range of social issues, from date rape to consumerism. The songs were noticeably shorter, more abrupt, bass-heavy. Guests on the album included Leaders of the New School, Brand Nubian, Vinia Mojica, their innovative sampling and structuring of jazz records led many critics to label their style as jazz rap–a term which Q-Tip disapproved of, as he felt that while it described groups such as Stetsasonic well, it misinterpreted A Tribe Called Quest, who did not always base their songs around jazz.
Around this time, the group began to make experimental and visually stylish music videos with director Jim Swaffield, among them the promo clip for "Check the Rhime," set in their childhood neighborhood of St. Albans, the black-and-white "Jazz" which cuts abruptly into its colorful B-side "Buggin' Out," and the anthem "Scenario," which simulated a computer desktop. A live performance of "Scenario" with Leaders of the New School on The Arsenio Hall Show lead to greater popularity; the album was produced by A Tribe Called Quest along with Skeff Anselm. Pete Rock created the original rough draft versi