Defense Acquisition University
The Defense Acquisition University is a corporate university of the United States Department of Defense offering "acquisition and logistics" training to military and Federal civilian staff and Federal contractors. DAU is headquartered in Fort Belvoir, is accredited by the American Council on Education, International Association for Continuing Education and Training and the Council on Occupational Education; the University Charter was created in October 1991 by Department of Defense Directive 5000.57. A loose consortium of existing training commands, DAU worked to standardize the training courses and establish mechanisms that allowed for centralized management of training funds for the DoD workforce. In the late 1990s, the consortium arrangement was replaced by a centralized structure, more like that of a corporate university. By 2014, DAU had grown to the point of graduating 181,970 students. DAU was headed by a Commandant until the year 2000 when it became a civilian institution, since the chief executive position has the title "President."
DAU's Commandants and Presidents have included William L. Vincent, Claude M. Bolton, Richard A. Black, Leonard Vincent, Frank J. Anderson, Katrina McFarland, James P. Woolsey. DAU is headquartered at Fort Belvoir and serves 150,000 members of the defense acquisition workforce in all. DAU has several other locations across the United States as well an online presence; the Capital and Northeast Region campus is located at Fort Belvoir and provides access and services to The Pentagon and Washington Department of Defense agencies. It is the biggest facility. Other facilities include DAU Mid-Atlantic, located in California, Maryland, DAU South, in Huntsville, Alabama, DAU Midwest, located in Kettering, DAU West in San Diego. Various satellite locations are located to provide classes for major military commands. Applicants must have a current affiliation with the United States government in order to attend training courses offered by DAU; the United States Military Services and the DoD have internal registration and quotas for DAU class, while the Federal Acquisition Institute accepts applications and registers most non-DoD students.
U. S. Federal employees and defense contractors may attend DAU courses at no cost when space is available. DAU charges tuition only to certain foreign students; the Defense Acquisition Workforce Improvement Act requires Defense Acquisition Workforce members to be certified for the positions they hold. DAU offers training courses for all Defense Acquisition Workforce members in 14 career fields and at three certification levels. Certifications available: The American Council on Education assigns ACE credits to various DAU courses. DAU coursework can apply toward college and university degrees and certificates at some partner institutions. DAU instructors are available to consult and assist acquisition organizations in the design and review of processes and internal training when they are not teaching. On July 2011 a hacking incident occurred affecting DAU’s Web-based training site; this incident occurred on a vendor’s network that provided the learning management system's underlying source code and inhibited access to online courses for two months.
While DAU was not hacked, U. S. Cyber Command evaluated the risk level to DAU’s system based on the incident that occurred on the vendor’s network, temporarily suspended online training courses to secure the system and protect students' personal information. Military acquisition Joint Capabilities Integration Development System
Stewart's Melville College
Stewart's Melville College is a private school in Edinburgh, Scotland. Classes are all boys in the 1st to 5th co-educational in 6th year, it has a roll of about 750 pupils. About 3% of pupils board on site, the rest are day pupils; the school is twinned with the Mary Erskine School, an all-girls private school one mile from Stewart's Melville College. Together the combined Erskine Stewart's Melville Schools have a co-educational Junior School, split between the two campuses and caters for pupils from 3 to 12 years old; the two schools share a Principal, most extra-curricular activities, such as performing arts, are run jointly. Both SMC and MES are managed by the Merchant Company of Edinburgh, responsible for the co-educational George Watson's College. Stewart's Melville College originated from the merger of two schools — Daniel Stewart's College and Melville College — in 1972 to become Daniel Stewart's and Melville College. After the merger Melville's bright red trim replaced the dark red and yellow trim on the black Daniel Stewart's blazer for general use and the red blazer of Melville College was adopted for those awarded colours.
Melville College was founded in 1832 by Rev. Robert Cunningham in George Street but soon moved to Hill Street in the centre of Edinburgh with a teaching emphasis on modern subjects, such as science, rather than classical subjects – unusual at that time; the school moved a short distance to 8 Queen Street, purchased in 1853 and to Melville Street in the city's West End in 1920. Named "The Edinburgh Institution for Languages and Mathematics", its name changed to Melville College in 1936 about the same time as the caps and blazers of the boys were changed to bright red. Daniel Stewart's Hospital was opened in 1855 by the Merchant Company of Edinburgh. Daniel Stewart, upon his death in 1814, left a sum of money and instructions that, once it had reached £40,000 it should be used to create a hospital for needy boys within the city; the hospital was located on the current Queensferry Road campus. The hospital was transformed into "Daniel Stewart's College" in 1870; the school uniform from 1924 onwards was a cap with red and black stripes and a black blazer with red and yellow trim.
In 1974 the link with another nearby Merchant Company school, the all-girls Mary Erskine School, was formalised and The Mary Erskine and Stewart's Melville Junior School was formed. Nursery to Primary 3 are housed on the Mary Erskine campus, with Primary 4 to 7 on the Stewart's Melville campus; the sixth form of both senior schools is coeducational. In 2013, Stewart's Melville was voted the Scottish Independent School of the year by the Sunday Times newspaper and Mary Erskine School was voted the Scottish Independent School of the year in 2012. In 2014 the combined Erskine Stewarts Melville school, with over 2,700 pupils, claimed to be the largest independent school in Europe. In 2014, a programme of improvement work on buildings of the junior school was announced, as of 2018, work has begun. Stewart's Melville College has won the Brewin Dolphin Scottish Schools Cup Under-18 rugby championships four times: in 1999, 2006, 2011 and 2016; the Former Pupils Rugby club play in Division 1 of the Scottish National Premier League."Ravelston Sports Club", a large on-site sports centre opened in 2000.
The sports centre is used by pupils for physical education lessons and sports training but is open to members of the public for a monthly membership fee. Extensive rugby pitches, cricket pitches and athletics facilities are located at the school's sports grounds in Inverleith, two miles north of the school; the school's main Victorian assembly hall was converted to the "Performing Arts Centre" between 2005 and 2007. This £3.5 million project, was paid for in part by donations from the parents of the schools current pupils and former pupils. The Centre has 800 seats that fold back into the wall, providing a variety of possible configurations and was opened in 2007, it is available for use by the public and is used as a venue for the Edinburgh Festival Fringe. In 2011 actor John Cairney unveiled the new name for the centre, "Tom Fleming Centre for Performing Arts", named after former pupil Tom Fleming, one of Scotland's leading broadcasters. Since 1965, the school has organised an outdoor education programme for the boys of SMC and the girls from MES in the third year.
It takes place in the north of Scotland, based for over forty years at Carbisdale Castle Youth Hostel, Easter Ross, until its closure required accommodation to relocate to Aviemore. Pupils at Stewart's Melville sit Scottish Qualifications Authority examinations, including National 4, National 5, Higher Grade and Advanced Higher Grade levels; the English GCE Advanced Level examinations can be sat in art and music. All pupils go on to higher education. In 2014, popular destinations included Aberdeen, St Andrews, Strathclyde, Edinburgh and Heriot-Watt; the school maintains a Former Pupils Club. There are branches throughout the UK and abroad. Academia and Science Thomas David Anderson - astronomer who discovered many temporary and variable stars Professor James Barr - a radical theologian, professor at Montreal, Edinb
Mar Thoma Syrian Church
The Mar Thoma Church shortened from Malankara Mar Thoma Syrian Church, is a Western Syriac Christian. The Mar Thoma Church believes that they are the successors of the Saint Thomas Christian community of Malabar, which originated from the missionary activity of Thomas the Apostle in Malankara; the Church in Malankara flourished under various ecclesiastical faith streams from time to time. The Mar Thoma Church is an autonomous Oriental church with Syriac traditions and eclectic characteristics from the Reformation era. Apart from other oriental orthodox churches, Mar thoma church reformed its west syriac liturgy in the light of its reformed faith and practices; the church defines itself as "Apostolic in origin, Universal in nature, Biblical in faith, Evangelical in principle, Ecumenical in outlook, Oriental in worship, Democratic in function, Episcopal in character". The Malankara Church witnessed a Reformation movement during the nineteenth century, inspired by contact with Anglican missionaries from Britain.
Many in the church were fascinated by the reformation principles. The reformation was an attempt to eliminate certain practices prevalent in the Malankara Church which the reformers believed were brought about after the Synod of Diamper. Beginning in 1840, reform-minded Malankara Church clergyman Abraham Malpan instituted changes independently in his parish at Maramon, including holding services in the local language, rather than the traditional Syriac language, making other revisions to the Holy Qurbana like removing intercessional prayers to Mary and the Apostles; this led to a rift in the church hierarchy between Abraham's supporters and the metropolitan bishop, Mar Dionysius IV. Abraham Malpan sent his nephew, Deacon Mathews, to the Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch to be consecrated as Bishop Mathews Mar Athanasius; the leadership dispute was settled in 1852 with Mathews Mar Athanasius being recognized as Metropolitan, serving until his death in 1877. However, the rift never healed, the Malankara Church split into the reformist faction headed by the reigning Metropolitan and the Jacobite faction headed by the Patriarch of Antioch in 1889.
The reformist faction was renamed to form the Mar Thoma Syrian Church in 1898. In 1940 a schism formed in the Mar Thoma Syrian Church over the extent of Reformation theology; until the beginning of the 20th century, Mar Thoma Christians lived in a few districts of Central Travancore and Kunnamkulam in Kerala. Since that time they have spread with the 20th-century Indian diaspora to North America, the Middle East, Singapore, South Africa and New Zealand; the church has around 15,00,000 members in Kerala, another 1,000,000 throughout the diaspora. Their mother tongue is Malayalam, the language of Kerala, the variety known as Suriyani Malayalam was associated with them. Malankara Mar Thoma Syrian Church is called the Mar Thoma Church. In official and legal record the church is referred to as Mar Thoma Syrian Church of Malabar or as Malankara Mar Thoma Syrian Church. Malabar is a term used to denote the Kerala coast in earlier days; the original Church was referred to as the Church of Malabar by the Jesuits and as the Syrian Church of Malabar in Missionary Registers from 1801 onward.
Malankara is an ancient name derived from the name'Maliankara', Maliankara Island is on the Southwestern side of the Indian Peninsula. It is between Kanyakumari the southern-most point of India. Kerala, the present southwestern state of India is only a part of Malankara, it is thought to be a cognate of this name Maliankara, a place near Muziris, where Thomas the Apostle first landed in Kerala. Mar Thoma is Aramaic, means Saint Thomas. Members of the Mar Thoma Syrian Church are called as Mar Thomiyar, Mar Thomites or Mar Thoma Syrians; the original liturgical language used by Saint Thomas Christians was the East Syriac language, a variant of Aramaic. The Reformation movement in the Malankara Syrian Church resulted in the evolution of an independent indigenous Malankara church under the Mathoma Metropolitan, breaking all the ecclesistical and temporal control from outside Malankara. In 1898, during the reign of Titus I Mar Thoma the church accepted as its name Malankara Mar Thoma Syrian Church or Mar Thoma Syrian Church of Malabar to comprise its order and heritage.
The members of this church are known as Mar Thoma Syrian Nasrani. The Mar Thoma Syrian Church has a well-defined constitution and has a democratic pattern of administration; the central administrative setup consists of the Metropolitan, the Episcopal Synod, the Prathinithi Mandalam and the Sabha Council, the Vaideeka Selection Committee. The Central Administration of the Church is backed by the Dioceses; each diocese has an assembly. The assembly members are elected by the individual parishes, the diocesan council members are elected by the assembly. All members of a parish are members of the Edavaka Sangham and they have the right to elect their representatives to the Diocesan Assembly and Prathinidhi Mandalam; the title of the head of the Church is "Mar Thoma Metropolitan". He is ordained from among the duly-consecrated bishops of the Church, the choice being ordinarily that of the senior most among them; the present "Mar Thoma Metropolitan" is Joseph Mar Thoma who resides at Poolatheen at Church Headquarters
Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas. Part of the county of Midlothian, it is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth's southern shore. Recognised as the capital of Scotland since at least the 15th century, Edinburgh is the seat of the Scottish Government, the Scottish Parliament and the supreme courts of Scotland; the city's Palace of Holyroodhouse is the official residence of the monarch in Scotland. The city has long been a centre of education in the fields of medicine, Scots law, philosophy, the sciences and engineering, it is the second largest financial centre in the United Kingdom and the city's historical and cultural attractions have made it the United Kingdom's second most popular tourist destination, attracting over one million overseas visitors each year. Edinburgh is Scotland's second most populous city and the seventh most populous in the United Kingdom; the official population estimates are 488,050 for the Locality of Edinburgh, 513,210 for the City of Edinburgh, 1,339,380 for the city region.
Edinburgh lies at the heart of the Edinburgh and South East Scotland city region comprising East Lothian, Fife, Scottish Borders and West Lothian. The city is the annual venue of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, it is home to national institutions such as the National Museum of Scotland, the National Library of Scotland and the Scottish National Gallery. The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1582 and now one of four in the city, is placed 18th in the QS World University Rankings for 2019; the city is famous for the Edinburgh International Festival and the Fringe, the latter being the world's largest annual international arts festival. Historic sites in Edinburgh include Edinburgh Castle, the Palace of Holyroodhouse, the churches of St. Giles and the Canongate, the extensive Georgian New Town, built in the 18th/19th centuries. Edinburgh's Old Town and New Town together are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site, managed by Edinburgh World Heritage since 1999. "Edin", the root of the city's name, derives from Eidyn, the name for this region in Cumbric, the Brittonic Celtic language spoken there.
The name's meaning is unknown. The district of Eidyn centred on the dun or hillfort of Eidyn; this stronghold is believed to have been located at Castle Rock, now the site of Edinburgh Castle. Eidyn was conquered by the Angles of Bernicia in the 7th century and by the Scots in the 10th century; as the language shifted to Old English, subsequently to modern English and Scots, The Brittonic din in Din Eidyn was replaced by burh, producing Edinburgh. Din became dùn in Scottish Gaelic, producing Dùn Èideann; the city is affectionately nicknamed Auld Reekie, Scots for Old Smoky, for the views from the country of the smoke-covered Old Town. Allan Ramsay said. A name the country people give Edinburgh from the cloud of smoke or reek, always impending over it."Thomas Carlyle said, "Smoke cloud hangs over old Edinburgh,—for since Aeneas Silvius's time and earlier, the people have the art strange to Aeneas, of burning a certain sort of black stones, Edinburgh with its chimneys is called'Auld Reekie' by the country people."A character in Walter Scott's The Abbot says "... yonder stands Auld Reekie--you may see the smoke hover over her at twenty miles' distance."Robert Chambers who said that the sobriquet could not be traced before the reign of Charles II attributed the name to a Fife laird, Durham of Largo, who regulated the bedtime of his children by the smoke rising above Edinburgh from the fires of the tenements.
"It's time now bairns, to tak' the beuks, gang to our beds, for yonder's Auld Reekie, I see, putting on her nicht -cap!"Some have called Edinburgh the Athens of the North for a variety of reasons. The earliest comparison between the two cities showed that they had a similar topography, with the Castle Rock of Edinburgh performing a similar role to the Athenian Acropolis. Both of them had fertile agricultural land sloping down to a port several miles away. Although this arrangement is common in Southern Europe, it is rare in Northern Europe; the 18th-century intellectual life, referred to as the Scottish Enlightenment, was a key influence in gaining the name. Such luminaries as David Hume and Adam Smith shone during this period. Having lost most of its political importance after the Union, some hoped that Edinburgh could gain a similar influence on London as Athens had on Rome. A contributing factor was the neoclassical architecture that of William Henry Playfair, the National Monument. Tom Stoppard's character Archie, of Jumpers, said playing on Reykjavík meaning "smoky bay", that the "Reykjavík of the South" would be more appropriate.
The city has been known by several Latin names, such as Aneda or Edina. The adjectival form of the latter, can be seen inscribed on educational buildings; the Scots poets Robert Fergusson and Robert Burns used Edina in their poems. Ben Jonson described it as "Britaine's other eye", Sir Walter Scott referred to it as "yon Empress of the North". Robert Louis Stevenson a son of the city, wrote, "Edinburgh is what Paris ought to be"; the colloquial pronunciation "Embra" or "Embro" has been used, as in Robert Garioch's Embro to the Ploy. The earliest known human habitation in the Edinburgh area was at Cramond, where evidence was found of a Mesolithi
Scotland is a country, part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, by the North Sea to the northeast and by the Irish Sea to the south. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides; the Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, James VI, King of Scots, became King of England and King of Ireland, thus forming a personal union of the three kingdoms. Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain; the union created a new Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. In 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland enacted a political union to create a United Kingdom.
The majority of Ireland subsequently seceded from the UK in 1922. Within Scotland, the monarchy of the United Kingdom has continued to use a variety of styles and other royal symbols of statehood specific to the pre-union Kingdom of Scotland; the legal system within Scotland has remained separate from those of England and Wales and Northern Ireland. The continued existence of legal, educational and other institutions distinct from those in the remainder of the UK have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and national identity since the 1707 union with England; the Scottish Parliament, a unicameral legislature comprising 129 members, was established in 1999 and has authority over those areas of domestic policy which have been devolved by the United Kingdom Parliament. The head of the Scottish Government, the executive of the devolved legislature, is the First Minister of Scotland. Scotland is represented in the UK House of Commons by 59 MPs and in the European Parliament by 6 MEPs.
Scotland is a member of the British–Irish Council, sends five members of the Scottish Parliament to the British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly. Scotland is divided into councils. Glasgow City is the largest subdivision in Scotland in terms of population, with Highland being the largest in terms of area. "Scotland" comes from the Latin name for the Gaels. From the ninth century, the meaning of Scotia shifted to designate Gaelic Scotland and by the eleventh century the name was being used to refer to the core territory of the Kingdom of Alba in what is now east-central Scotland; the use of the words Scots and Scotland to encompass most of what is now Scotland became common in the Late Middle Ages, as the Kingdom of Alba expanded and came to encompass various peoples of diverse origins. Repeated glaciations, which covered the entire land mass of modern Scotland, destroyed any traces of human habitation that may have existed before the Mesolithic period, it is believed the first post-glacial groups of hunter-gatherers arrived in Scotland around 12,800 years ago, as the ice sheet retreated after the last glaciation.
At the time, Scotland was covered in forests, had more bog-land, the main form of transport was by water. These settlers began building the first known permanent houses on Scottish soil around 9,500 years ago, the first villages around 6,000 years ago; the well-preserved village of Skara Brae on the mainland of Orkney dates from this period. Neolithic habitation and ritual sites are common and well preserved in the Northern Isles and Western Isles, where a lack of trees led to most structures being built of local stone. Evidence of sophisticated pre-Christian belief systems is demonstrated by sites such as the Callanish Stones on Lewis and the Maes Howe on Orkney, which were built in the third millennium BCE; the first written reference to Scotland was in 320 BC by Greek sailor Pytheas, who called the northern tip of Britain "Orcas", the source of the name of the Orkney islands. During the first millennium BCE, the society changed to a chiefdom model, as consolidation of settlement led to the concentration of wealth and underground stores of surplus food.
The first Roman incursion into Scotland occurred in 79 AD. After the Roman victory, Roman forts were set along the Gask Ridge close to the Highland line, but by three years after the battle, the Roman armies had withdrawn to the Southern Uplands; the Romans erected Hadrian's Wall in northern England and the Limes Britannicus became the northern border of the Roman Empire. The Roman influence on the southern part of the country was considerable, they introduced Christianity to Scotland. Beginning in the sixth century, the area, now Scotland was divided into three areas: Pictland, a patchwork of small lordships in central Scotland; these societies were based on the family unit and had sharp divisions in wealth, although the vast majority were poor and worked full-time in subsistence agriculture. The Picts kept slaves through the ninth century. Gaelic influence over Pictland and Northumbria was facilitated by the large number of Gaelic-speaking clerics working as missionaries. Operating in the sixth ce
Red Digital Cinema
Red Digital Cinema is an American company that manufactures digital cinematography cameras and accessories. The company’s headquarters are in Irvine, with studios in Hollywood, California, it has offices in London and Singapore, retail stores in Hollywood, New York and Miami as well as various authorized resellers and service centers around the world. Red Digital Cinema was founded by Jim Jannard, who had founded Oakley; as a self-described "camera fanatic" owning over 1,000 models, Jannard started the company with the intent to deliver an affordable 4K digital cinema camera. Jannard dates this idea to a time when he bought a Sony HDR-FX1 video camera and learned that the files had to be converted with software from Lumiere HD and were not viewable on Mac OS. Lumiere HD's owner Frederic Lumiere collaborated with Jannard on developing an alternative and introduced him to Ted Schilowitz who became Red's first employee; the early team members engaged in undisclosed research on how to make a digital camera feasible for Hollywood productions.
Part of this involved using 4K resolution instead of 2K, most common at the time. Another technical hurdle was to achieve the focusing quality of DSLR cameras without sacrificing frame rate. Part of Red's solution to this problem was developing a sensor with a physical size comparable to that of analog film. At the 2006 NAB Show, Jannard announced that Red would build a 4K digital cinema camera, called the Red One, began taking pre-orders. In March 2007, director Peter Jackson completed a camera test of two prototype Red One cameras, which became the 12-minute World War I film Crossing the Line. On seeing the short film, director Steven Soderbergh told Jannard: "I am all in. I have to shoot with this." Soderbergh took two prototype Red Ones into the jungle to shoot Che. A short documentary and the Digital Revolution was made about the Red camera technology, used in the film's production; the Red One first shipped in August 2007. One of the first television programs to shoot with it was the medical drama ER.
In 2010, Red acquired the historic Ren-Mar Studios in Hollywood, renamed it "Red Studios Hollywood". By 2011, it had over 400 employees. 2011 was the year in which Panavision and Aaton announced that they would no longer be producing analog cameras. Red Digital Cinema and the Red One were credited as accelerating this transition in the industry. Schilowitz responded to these reviews by saying "It was never our goal to kill film. Instead, we wanted to evolve it."On August 19, 2013 Jim Jannard announced his retirement from RED, leaving Jarred Land the current president to take over in his absence. The Red One first introduced in 2007 was Red Digital Cinema’s first production camera, it captures up 60 frames per second at 4K resolution. Its "Mysterium" sensor digitized to a proprietary RAW format called Redcode. By 2010, Red began selling upgrades to a 14 megapixel sensor called the "M-X"; the Red One has been reviewed as having the same quality as 35mm film. The Red One was made out of cast iron and the body alone weighs in at 10lbs.
In 2009, Red began releasing new cameras with an updated form factor compared to the Red One. Designed with the goal of facilitating either still images or video, depending on the mounting setup, Red called the concept DSMC for "Digital Stills and Motion Capture"; the first camera released for this system was Epic-X, a professional digital stills and motion capture camera with interchangeable lens mounts. After this a new camera line called Scarlet was introduced that provided lower end specifications at a more affordable price. Equipped with a 5K imaging sensor, upgrades were offered to a 6K sensor with higher dynamic range called the "Red Dragon"; the DSMC2 family of cameras was introduced in 2015 as the new form factor for all cameras up to 2020. The Weapon 8K VV and Weapon 6K were the first two cameras announced within this line, they were followed by the Red Raven 4.5K and Scarlet-W 5K. Third-party capture formats, namely Apple ProRes and Avid DNxHD, were made available for these cameras.
In 2016, an 8K sensor called "Helium" was introduced with the two cameras Red Epic-W and Weapon 8K S35. In early January 2017, this was given the highest sensor score 108, by the DxOMark website. Marvel Studios' Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 was the first film to be released, shot on the Weapon. The film was shot at the camera's full 8K resolution, featured an equivalent workflow, supplanting director David Fincher's Gone Girl as the film with the highest-resolution post-production workflow. Red offered S35 PL mount zoom lenses for their cameras. Red began selling its Redcine-X package for post-production workflow in 2009; the process of decompressing the sensor data can be sped up with a Red Rocket accelerator card. There is a downloadable SDK for working directly with the Redcode images, another for controlling the cameras remotely. Announced in 2012, the Redray Player was the first stand-alone device capable of providing 4K content to compatible 2D or 3D displays. Using a 1 TB internal drive for storage, the Redray plays HD media in the Redcode format.
The player uses 12-bit 4:2:2 precision. A cinema laser projector in the same family was announced in 2012 but never released. In 2017, Red announced its intention to enter the cellphone market. Planned features are integration with existing camera products. On May 18, 2018, Red announced the Hydrogen One, with a release date in August 2018. Promised features include a holographic display, spatial sound, modular add-ons, compatibility with the Red camera program, the launch of a streaming service. On August 18, 2008, Red filed a lawsuit a
IBM Tivoli Storage Manager
IBM Spectrum Protect is a data protection platform that gives enterprises a single point of control and administration for backup and recovery. It is the flagship product in the IBM Spectrum Protect family, it enables backups and recovery for virtual and cloud environments of all sizes. This product is part of the IBM Spectrum Software Defined Storage suite of products and is unrelated to the Tivoli Management Framework. TSM descended from a project done at IBM's Almaden Research Center around 1988 to back up VM/CMS systems; the first product that emerged was Workstation Data Save Facility. WDSF's original purpose was to back up PC/DOS, OS/2, AIX workstation data onto a VM/CMS server. WDSF morphed into ADSTAR Distributed Storage Manager and was re-branded Tivoli Storage Manager in 1999; the TSM database was a bespoke B+ tree database. Starting with TSM 6.1, released in May 2009, TSM uses a DB2 instance as its database. TSM maintains a relational database and recovery log for logging, statistical information, object metadata.
V5.5 DB pages are always 4KB, partitions every 4MB. Single row inserts only. On average, 20GB of space is consumed for every 25 million objects. Shallow directory structures use less TSM DB space than deeper paths; this database may be queried via an emulated SQL-98 compliant interface, or through undocumented SHOW, CREATE or DELETE commands. Actual user data is managed via a cascading hierarchy of storage media presented as raw devices, filesystem containers, streaming tape or optical media. Additionally, emulated tape from a Virtual Tape Library or EMC Centera WORM archival device is supported. Duplicate copies of any subset of data may be created on sequential media for redundancy or off-site management; the 5.5 release of the TSM Server is supported on AIX, HP-UX, Solaris, Windows Server, z/OS. The TSM Client of the same release is supported on NetWare, macOS, AIX, HP-UX, Linux, z/OS, Windows 32/64-bit; the 6.1 release of the TSM Server is supported on AIX, HP-UX, Linux and Windows Server, while the TSM Client is supported on the same operating systems as 5.5.
On October 21, 2011, TSM 6.3 was released. Tivoli Storage Manager as a system is made up of several different components; the major components of TSM include: TSM Server, TSM Client, TSM Storage Agent, TSM Data Protector, TSM Operation Center and TSM Administration Center. Each of these provides important functionality to a Tivoli; the most Common data source for TSM is the TSM Client. The B/A Client allows backup and restore of data both "selectively" and "incrementally", known as "Progressive Incremental" or "Incremental Forever", as each unique client+filespace+path+file combination is separately tracked for retention. Further, a separate method is provided by the B/A Client, known as archive; this method generates groupings of objects to be retained as a single unit. This still differs from traditional full/incremental style backup products in that the files are stored separately or in smaller aggregates rather than as a monolithic image. Additionally, there is no provision for an incremental archive.
Other data injectors include policy-based hierarchical storage management components for AIX, Linux and Windows. These allow migration of data from production disk into one or more of the TSM storage hierarchies while maintaining transparent access to that data by the use of DMAPI or NTFS reparse points. IBM General Parallel File System can use TSM as a storage tier for GPFS' Information Lifecycle Management which provides HSM for a GPFS filesystem. A GPFS filesystem can be accessed from multiple servers running Linux, AIX by using GPFS filesystem software installed on any of these operating system platforms. GPFS provides transparent access to data whether online on disk or migrated to tape by requesting file saves and retrieves from TSM. Additionally, many applications provide or are provided with TSM API connections allowing the storage of databases, mail systems, system backups and arbitrary user data within TSM's repository. Aside from TSM's UNIX HSM product, only the "Backup" and "Archive" management facilities are accessed through the client API.
The TSM architecture makes use of two special-purpose agents. The LAN-Free Storage Agent is a limited function TSM server, configured as a library client and uses server-to-server communication to coordinate the use of storage resources which are configured to TSM but which are presented to the storage agent; this LAN-free and server-free backup agent is installed on the specific client. One example would be to connect via infiniband between two Bladecenter chassis, where one has SAN attachment to tape, the other does not; this could bypass limited ethernet bandwidth without having to move the TSM server instance. The NDMP API agent is used by NetApp devices and other network attached storage devices to allow backup access to the appliance itself rather than having to back up