DZBB, broadcasting as GMA Super Radyo DZBB594, is a 24/7 news-talk radio station based in Diliman, Quezon City, aimed at the Mega Manila market. It is the station of the Super Radyo Stations. It is a part of GMA News and Public Affairs, the news division owned by RGMA, the stations studio is located at the GMA Network Center, EDSA corner Timog Avenue, Quezon City, while its transmitter is located at Barangay Panghulo, Bulacan. DZBB was established on March 1,1950 by Robert Uncle Bob Stewart, in an office space in Calvo Building, Manila with mostly second-hand equipment. The station was broadcasting on the frequency of 580 kHz. It pioneered with trendsetting shows such as Camay Theater of the Air, Lovingly Yours, Kahapon Lamang, Tawag ng Tanghalan, some of these shows eventually went to television. DZBB was the first to air live coverage extended not just to news and public affairs, in 1957, DZBB moved to its new and current home at EDSA, Quezon City. Due to the success of DZBB, Stewart ventured into television on October 29,1961 as DZBB-TV Channel 7 with the branding of RBS-7, the station was seized and closed in September 1972 due to Martial Law.
Two years later, Channel 7, DZBB and other radio and television stations were eventually sold to the triumvirate of Gilberto Duavit, Sr. Menardo Jimenez. At the same time, DZBB returned to the airwaves under the branding Dobol B, in 1979, DZBB moved to the present frequency of 594 kHz, in response to the adoption of the 9 kHz spacing on AM radio stations in the Philippines. The station was known as Bisig Bayan from July 17,1989 to January 3,1999 and their new identity made the station more popular to radio listeners in Metro Manila. On January 4,1999, the station was renamed Super Radyo DZBB594, much of their programming focuses on news and current events, and it still simulcasts GMA and GMA News TV programs such as 24 Oras, Saksi and Celebri-TV. In 2010, for the first time in Philippine radio history, DZBB, in 2014, DZBB kept its winning streak in Mega Manila as it continued to lead rival stations in ratings, according to data from Nielsen Media Research. DZBB grabbed the lead in Mega Manila in June 2014 and has since sustained leadership in the area, dZBBs programs are mostly news, current issues, and news analysis produced by the GMA News and Public Affairs department.
Their morning radio shows were anchored mostly by news anchors and personalities from television, the station has a newscast entitled Super Balita, as well as a simulcast of news and public affairs programs of GMA Network. On some occasions, DZBB would air live blow-by-blow boxing coverage, especially during Manny Pacquiaos fights, as such, DZBB became the first radio station to do so
The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean. It consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south, Luzon and Mindanao, the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 square kilometers, and it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. As of 2013, approximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelagos earliest inhabitants and they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Chinese, Malay and Islamic nations occurred, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of Datus, Sultans or Lakans.
The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization, in 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Roman Catholicism becoming the dominant religion, during this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution. It is a member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.
It hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank, the Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte, eventually the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other such as Islas del Poniente. The official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history, during the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic. From the 1898 Treaty of Paris, the name Philippines began to appear, since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. The metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago is the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date and this distinction previously belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago.
Negritos were among the archipelagos earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated, there are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos
Philippine Broadcasting Service
Philippine Broadcasting Service is a radio network in the Philippines. It is owned by the Philippine government under the Presidential Communications Office, in September 1946, two months after the Philippines became an independent country from the U. S. A. KZFM was turned over to the Philippine government, with the transfer was born the Philippine Broadcasting Service, PBS the second broadcasting organization after Manila Broadcasting Company. The station was first operated by the Department of Foreign Affairs until it was transferred to the Radio Broadcasting Board which was created by President Manuel Quezon on September 3,1937. In January 1942, the RBB was abolished to give way to the establishment of the Philippine Information Council which assumed the function of the RBB, including the operation of DZFM. Over the years hence, the PBS had acquired 13 more radio stations, the NMPC operated the Voice of the Philippines, VOP, on both medium wave-918 kHz and shortwave 9.810 mHz transmissions.
In 1975, the NMPC obtained DWIM-FM, with this new station and some provincial stations that came under its wings earlier, the NMPC was a network and effectively covered a wide range of the Philippine listenership. Public service features were the keystone of its programs, after the EDSA Revolution, the Office of Media Affairs was abolished, followed by the NMPC, and finally, the BB. 297, President Corazon Aquino established the Bureau of Broadcast Services, during Aquino administration, PBS transferred its office from ABS-CBN Broadcasting Center complex to PIA/Media Center Building in Visayas Avenue, Quezon City. During his first State of the Nation Address, President Rodrigo Duterte will pass a law merging PBS with its TV counterpart, Live government news is aired here. Peoples Television Network Filipinas, Ahora Mismo List of radio stations in the Philippines PBS Website Live Streaming for PBS Stations in Metro Manila
Valenzuela, Metro Manila
Valenzuela is categorized by virtue of Republic Act Nos.7160 and 8526 as a highly urbanized, first-class city based on income classification and number of population. A landlocked chartered city located on the island of Luzon, it is bordered by the province of Bulacan, Quezon City, Valenzuela shares border and access to Tenejeros-Tullahan River with Malabon. With total area of 45.75 square kilometers and a population of 620,422 in August 2015, the city is composed of about 72% Tagalog people followed by 5% Bicolanos with a small percentage of foreign nationals. Valenzuela was named after Pío Valenzuela, a doctor and a member of the Katipunan, the city was originally called Polo, which was initially formed in 1621 and formalized two years later, after separation from Meycauayan. The infamous Battle of Malinta of the Philippine–American War was fought in Polo in 1899, in 1960, President Carlos P. Garcia ordered the split of Polos southern barangays to form an earlier town Valenzuela. The split revoked by President Diosdado Macapagal in 1963 and the merge was named Valenzuela, the modern-day Valenzuela with its borders was chartered in 1998.
Owing to the migration of people across the country and its location as the northernmost point of Metro Manila, Valenzuela has developed into a multicultural metropolis. A former agricultural area, Valenzuela has grown into a major economic. In Spanish, Valenzuela is a form of Valencia which means little Valencia. The name Valenzuela is the surname of Pío Valenzuela, a Tagalog physician who was one of the leaders of Katipunan and he was regarded as a member of the Katipunan triumvirate that started the Philippine Revolution against Spanish colonial authorities in 1896. He served as the chairman for the Katipunan. The name Polo was derived from the Tagalog term pulô, which means island, the original town of Polo was surrounded by the rivers from the north and Tullahan River on the south. For hundreds of years, present-day Valenzuela and Novaliches were parts of Bulacan, Areas now covered by Valenzuela included a Spanish friars hacienda, small political settlements and a Spanish garrison. These areas were known as Polo, the region was bounded by the Tullahan River on the south and streams of branching Río Grande de Pampanga on some areas.
Thus, the first cabeza de barangay of the new town of Polo was Monsod while Taranco run the parish which would become the present-day San Diego de Alcalá parish on a small tavern. The separation was made legal upon the orders of Governor-General Alonso Fajardo de Entenza on November 12,1623, the date of November 12 is adopted as the foundation day of the city. From 1627-1629, construction of a church dedicated to San Diego de Alcala started. José Valencia, aided by Juan Tibay, in 1852, the church was repaired and remodeled under the direction of Fr
Mega Manila is the term used for the megalopolis in the Philippine regions of Central Luzon, Calabarzon and Metro Manila. Mapping out the area around Manila requires finer granularity than the more generic term Mega Manila. Mega Manila is used in reference to the relationship of Metro Manila to surrounding provinces. Mega Manila, as a metropolitan area defined by the Philippine Information Agency, is divided into the national capital region. Mega Manilas 2010 population is projected at 35,607,000, or 37. 8% of the countrys population, and covers roughly half of Luzon, about 50,000 square kilometers, including many rural areas. As a comparison, only the cities of Tokyo, both Mega Manila definitions only include entire provinces, without finer detail. This Nielsen defined area has an ownership of televisions per household anywhere in the country due to its relative economic prosperity as compared to other areas in the country. Radio ratings agency Radio Research Council provide measurement of audience ratings, thus the academic definition as used for urban studies for built-up area surrounding Manila requires yet another term to disambiguate from the already used terms Mega Manila and Metro Manila.
Greater Manila Area Urban Luzon Philippine Information Agency
Radio Philippines Network
Its studios are located at Broadcast City, Capitol Hills, Quezon City and its transmitter are located at #97 Panay Avenue, Brgy. Founded by Roberto Benedicto and prior to the privatization, it was the station of current government owned and controlled Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation. Currently, Radio Philippines Network is the broadcaster and affiliate of CNN Philippines, the congress of the Philippines approved the franchise of Radio Philippine Network on June 19,1960. Instead of using its name, the network instead used Kanlaon Broadcasting System as its initial branding. Kanlaon is a volcano on the Philippine island of Negros, the home of its founder Roberto Benedicto, Kanlaon Broadcasting System started broadcasting as a radio network with its first station DZBI in Manila. Philippine radio veteran Ben Aniceto was the director at the time. The broadcast network ventured into television broadcasting on October 15,1969 with the launch of KBS-9 Manila as the networks flagship TV station, kBS-12 Baguio signed on the air on the same year.
Properties and funding for the new TV network partly came from ABS-CBN in the form of its old headquarters along Roxas Boulevard, as a result, on its launch it was named Accucolor 9 as the first Philippine television network to launch in full color. In 1970, KBS acquired a Color-ready Outside Broadcast Van for the broadcasts of major news events and sports coverages. In 1975, KBS formally relaunched as RPN, the acronym for its franchise name and it aired special coverages of the Olympics, Thrilla in Manila and the Miss Universe, and programs such as John En Marsha and Superstar. RPN became the birthplace and the first humble abode of the now longest running variety show Eat Bulaga. RPN became the home of the popular and most watched longest running Game show on Philippine Television Family Kuarta o Kahon hosted by Pepe Pimentel originally aired on ABS-CBN BBC-2, the show ran for almost 38 years until it finally ended in the year 2000. RPN pioneered the TV newscasting as they launched the first ever newspaper-format nightly newscast titled NewsWatch, RPN aired anime programming and imported and syndicated programs from the United States.
RPN-9 is the first network to cover the Philippine Basketball Association games live in 1976, in 1980, RPN-9 began to broadcast primetime programs and Eat Bulaga. Through its new satellite technology in which the 1980s logo resembles a satellite antenna. This made RPN the first national network to achieve nationwide program simulcasting via satellite, the network became home to, from 1978 up to the early 1980s, the Super Sentai series. In 1986, after the assumption of office of President Corazon C, the government sequestered Radio Philippines Network for allegedly being part of the crony capitalism under the Marcos regime. By then, it was the network in the Philippines cornering the highest audience share in the entire country
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit time. It is referred to as frequency, which emphasizes the contrast to spatial frequency. The period is the duration of time of one cycle in a repeating event, for example, if a newborn babys heart beats at a frequency of 120 times a minute, its period—the time interval between beats—is half a second. Frequency is an important parameter used in science and engineering to specify the rate of oscillatory and vibratory phenomena, such as vibrations, audio signals, radio waves. For cyclical processes, such as rotation, oscillations, or waves, in physics and engineering disciplines, such as optics and radio, frequency is usually denoted by a Latin letter f or by the Greek letter ν or ν. For a simple motion, the relation between the frequency and the period T is given by f =1 T. The SI unit of frequency is the hertz, named after the German physicist Heinrich Hertz, a previous name for this unit was cycles per second. The SI unit for period is the second, a traditional unit of measure used with rotating mechanical devices is revolutions per minute, abbreviated r/min or rpm.
As a matter of convenience and slower waves, such as ocean surface waves and fast waves, like audio and radio, are usually described by their frequency instead of period. Spatial frequency is analogous to temporal frequency, but the axis is replaced by one or more spatial displacement axes. Y = sin = sin d θ d x = k Wavenumber, in the case of more than one spatial dimension, wavenumber is a vector quantity. For periodic waves in nondispersive media, frequency has a relationship to the wavelength. Even in dispersive media, the frequency f of a wave is equal to the phase velocity v of the wave divided by the wavelength λ of the wave. In the special case of electromagnetic waves moving through a vacuum, v = c, where c is the speed of light in a vacuum, and this expression becomes, f = c λ. When waves from a monochrome source travel from one medium to another, their remains the same—only their wavelength. For example, if 71 events occur within 15 seconds the frequency is, the latter method introduces a random error into the count of between zero and one count, so on average half a count.
This is called gating error and causes an error in the calculated frequency of Δf = 1/, or a fractional error of Δf / f = 1/ where Tm is the timing interval. This error decreases with frequency, so it is a problem at low frequencies where the number of counts N is small, an older method of measuring the frequency of rotating or vibrating objects is to use a stroboscope