Armand Colin is a French publishing house founded in 1870 by Auguste Armand Colin. It specializes in publishing works concerning human sciences and education. Among its best-known publications are the "U" collection begun in 1968 and the "Cursus" collection. In 1987 Armand Colin was purchased by Masson which, in turn, became part of the City Group in 1994, it is now owned by Hachette. Official website
John Murray (publisher)
John Murray is a British publisher, known for the authors it has published in its history, including Jane Austen, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Lord Byron, Charles Lyell, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Herman Melville, Edward Whymper, Charles Darwin. Since 2004, it has been owned by conglomerate Lagardère under the Hachette UK brand. Business publisher Nicholas Brealey became an imprint of John Murray in 2015; the business was founded in London in 1768 by John Murray I, an Edinburgh-born Royal Marines officer, who built up a list of authors including Isaac D'Israeli and published the English Review. John Murray the elder was one of the founding sponsors of the London evening newspaper The Star in 1788, he was succeeded by his son, John Murray II, who made the publishing house one of the most important and influential in Britain. He was a friend of many leading writers of the day and launched the Quarterly Review in 1809, he was the publisher of Jane Austen, Sir Walter Scott, Washington Irving, George Crabbe and many others.
His home and office at 50 Albemarle Street in Mayfair was the centre of a literary circle, fostered by Murray's tradition of "Four o'clock friends", afternoon tea with his writers. Murray's most notable author was Lord Byron, who became a close correspondent of his. Murray published many of his major works. On 10 March 1812 Murray published Byron's second book, Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, which sold out in five days, leading to Byron's observation "I awoke one morning and found myself famous". On 17 May 1824 Murray participated in one of the most notorious acts in the annals of literature. Byron had given him the manuscript of his personal memoirs to publish on. Together with five of Byron's friends and executors, he decided to destroy Byron's manuscripts because he thought the scandalous details would damage Byron's reputation. With only Thomas Moore objecting, the two volumes of memoirs were dismembered and burnt in the fireplace at Murray's office, it remains unknown. John Murray III continued the business and published Charles Eastlake's first English translation of Goethe's Theory of Colours, David Livingstone's Missionary Travels, Charles Darwin's Origin of Species.
Murray III contracted with Herman Melville to publish Melville's first two books and Omoo in England. John Murray III started the Murray Handbooks in 1836, a series of travel guides from which modern-day guides are directly descended; the rights to these guides were sold around 1900 and subsequently acquired in 1915 by the Blue Guides. His successor Sir John Murray IV was publisher to Queen Victoria. Among other works, he published Murray's Magazine from 1887 until 1891. From 1904 he published the Wisdom of the East book series. Competitor Smith, Elder & Co. was acquired in 1917. His son Sir John Murray V, grandson John Murray VI and great-grandson John Murray VII continued the business until it was taken over. In 2002, John Murray was acquired by Hodder Headline, itself acquired in 2004 by the French conglomerate Lagardère Group. Since it has been an imprint under Lagardère brand Hachette UK. In 2015, business publisher Nicholas Brealey became an imprint of John Murray; the archive of John Murray Publishers, from 1768 through to 1920, was offered for sale to the nation by John Murray VII for £31 million and the National Library of Scotland has acquired it, including the manuscript of Charles Darwin's Origin of Species.
On 26 January 2005, it was announced that the National Library was to be given £17.7m by the Heritage Lottery Fund towards the £31.2m price offered by John Murray on condition the Library digitise the materials and make them available. The Scottish Government agreed to contribute £8.3m, with the Library setting a £6.5m fundraising target for the remainder. 1768 – John MacMurray, a former lieutenant of the Marines, buys a bookselling business at 32 Fleet Street. He changes his name to Murray and uses his naval contacts to build up a thriving business 1806 – The first bestseller, A New System of Domestic Cookery, by A Lady, was published, with a second edition two years later. 1809 – The influential periodical the Quarterly Review founded 1811 – Childe Harold's Pilgrimage by Lord Byron published 1812 – John Murray moved to 50 Albemarle Street, its home for the next 191 years 1815 – Jane Austen decides she would like to move to Murray with Emma, published in 1815 1816 – Coleridge moved to John Murray for Christabel and Other Poems, which included'Kubla Khan' 1836 – The first guide books, Murray's Handbooks, published by John Murray III 1849 – A groundbreaking observational study on the Sikh people is published.
This comprehensive account arguably foreshadowed the British Empire's first large-scale attempt at using the scientific method to civilise populations. 1857 – David Livingstone's Missionary Travels, published – one of the many great 19th-century publications of exploration from John Murray 1859 – On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin published 1859 – The first self-help book, Samuel Smiles's Self Help, published 1863 – Henry Walter Bates's The Naturalist on the River Amazons published 1865 – Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries. 1858-1864 by David and Charles Livingstone published 1912 – June, Published Behind The Night Light by Nancy Price, reprinted in Jun
Exchange Place (Boston)
Exchange Place is a modern skyscraper in the Financial District of Boston, Massachusetts. Built in 1985, it is Boston's 13th tallest building, standing 510 feet tall, containing 40 floors; the modern glass skyscraper rises out of a previous building, the 12-story Boston Stock Exchange, built in 1896. Brookfield Office Properties, which had purchased the building from Harold Theran in 2006, sold Exchange Place to UBS Realty Investors LLC in 2011, it is home to the Boston Consulting Group, advertising agency Hill Holliday, marketing agency Optaros, software company Acquia, Hachette Book Group, the Macquarie Group, The Blackstone Group, Circulation, Inc. In June 2017, The Boston Globe moved into Exchange Place from its longtime headquarters on Morrissey Boulevard in Dorchester, Boston. List of tallest buildings in Boston Emporis.com
Chambers Harrap Publishers is a reference publisher based in Edinburgh, which held the property rights of the venerable W. R. Chambers Publishers and its competitor George G. Harrap and Company. Chambers was founded as W. & R. Chambers Publishers by the two brothers William Chambers of Glenormiston and Robert Chambers, they were born into a rich, mill-owning family in Peebles in Scotland in 1800 and 1802 during the time of the war with France. The war impoverished the family and, in 1813, the family left Peebles for Edinburgh. Robert remained at home to finish his education, but William was forced to find work to support his parents, he was a keen reader and would get up early in the morning to read by the dawn light because he was too poor to buy candles. He was apprenticed at the sum of 4 shillings a week. Robert an avid reader, could not go to university when he finished school because his parents could not afford to pay, he too moved to Edinburgh, rented a one-roomed shop in Leith Walk, set himself up as a bookseller when he was just 16 years old.
William's apprenticeship came to an end when he joined Robert working in the shop. Although they had had a modest beginning, the brothers began to do well, they had no training in printing and binding but together they printed and published 750 copies of The Songs of Robert Burns in around 1819. This was the nearest thing to a guaranteed best-seller in 19th-century Edinburgh, brought further profits and some fame. In 1824, Robert wrote, the brothers published, Traditions of Edinburgh. Education was always the main priority for Robert. In 1832, they published The Chambers Journal, a weekly newspaper containing articles on subjects such as history, religion and science, many of which were written by Robert himself, it was an immediate success and within a few years the weekly circulation had risen to 84,000 copies. This put an end to their struggle to survive. Between 1859 and 1868 they published their most important work to date, the renowned Chambers's Encyclopaedia in 520 weekly parts at three-halfpence each.
The first edition was based on a translation into English of the 10th edition of the German-language Konversations-Lexikon, which became the Brockhaus Enzyklopädie. This went through several further editions, reaching a high point of quality with the 1950 edition published in 15 volumes by George Newnes which took six years to prepare, cost £500,000 and included the work of over 2,300 authors; the work was lauded by the Lord Chancellor, Lord Jowitt, as "outstanding proof" of British scholarship, while the managing editor, M. D. Law, commented that she believed the work to be the first major encyclopaedia to be published in Britain since before the First World War; the encyclopaedia was regarded as such a scholarly achievement that Law received the O. B. E. for her efforts. Chambers published an extensive list of innovative and ultra-reliable language and reference titles, covering English-language dictionaries, bilingual dictionaries, specialist titles on subjects such as biography, literary characters and technology and world history.
At the end of 2009, the parent company shut the Edinburgh premises of Chambers Harrap Publishers. The Chambers imprint is now managed from London by Hodder Education, while Harrap titles are edited in Paris. A subsidiary, Allied Chambers, publishes the titles for the market around India. Chambers Harrap Publishers is best known for its flagship title, The Chambers Dictionary, which contains more words and definitions than any other single-volume dictionary and is known for its humorous definitions; the Chambers list is split into the following areas: Dictionaries Thesauruses Language Reference Subject Reference School Range Crosswords Puzzles Games Phrasebooks Adult Learners' Range Chambers purchased the independent Harrap's in the early 1990s. Harrap publishes bilingual dictionaries, for instance Harrap's Shorter French Dictionary; the Harrap list includes study aids, slang dictionaries and business dictionaries. In the UK, Harrap publishes bilingual titles in French, Portuguese, Italian and Polish.
Chambers has started selling Harrap publications under the "Chambers" imprint. It is not known. At the end of 2007 Chambers Harrap Publishers acquired the rights to publish the renowned British slang lexicographer Jonathon Green's Slang Dictionary as Chambers Slang Dictionary published by Cassell of the Orion Publishing Group; this new edition was published in October 2008. On 1 January 2008, Chambers Harrap Publishers acquired the Brewer's list from Orion Publishing Group, including the famous Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. For other history and founders: William Chambers and Robert Chambers. George G. Harrap and Co. Chambers's Encyclopaedia The Chambers Dictionary Harrap's Shorter French Dictionary William Chambers of Glenormiston Ebenezer Cobham Brewer Fyfe, Aileen. Steam-Powered Knowledge: William Chambers and the Business of Publishing, 1820-1860. Chicago, London: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-27651-9. Chambers Harrap Publishers Chambers Reference Online Chambers Catalogue Harrap Harrap Catalogue Harrap France A History of Chambers HarrapDemocratising Knowledge: An Online Resource from National Museums Scotland
Two Roads Books is an imprint of Hodder & Stoughton, a British publishing house, now a division of Hachette. Announced by its Publisher, Lisa Highton, in September 2010, Two Roads started publishing in 2015. Publishing about a dozen books a year, with a mixture of narrative non-fiction and fiction, its stated mission is ‘stories-voices-places-lives’. Two Roads champions reading groups and book clubs, since she launched the list publisher Lisa Highton has travelled over 7,500 miles vising independent bookshops and their book groups; the best known title on the Two Roads list to date is Water for Elephants by Sara Gruen, made into a film in 2011 starring Robert Pattinson and Reese Witherspoon. 2011 Ape House – Sara Gruen Water For Elephants – Sara Gruen The Vet: my wild & wonderful friends – Luke Gamble Farangi Girl – Ashley Dartnell Signs of life – Natalie Taylor The Puppy Diaries – Jill Abramson2012 The Sea on Our Skin – Madeleine Tobert A Century of Wisdom – Caroline Stoessinger The Reading Promise – Alice Ozma Cleo – Helen Brown Cats & Daughters – Helen Brown The Last Lecture – Randy Pausch The Vet: The big wild world – Luke Gamble Dream New Dreams – Jai Pausch The Stockholm Octavo – Karen Englemann The End of Your Life Book Club – Will Schwalbe Happier at Home – Gretchen Rubin2013 Doodlemum – Angie Stevens Island Wife – Judy Fairbairns Z – a novel of Zelda Fitzgerald – Therese Anne Fowler Breathe Deeply – Susan Spencer-Wendel Official website
Publishers Weekly is an American weekly trade news magazine targeted at publishers, librarians and literary agents. Published continuously since 1872, it has carried the tagline, "The International News Magazine of Book Publishing and Bookselling". With 51 issues a year, the emphasis today is on book reviews; the magazine was founded by bibliographer Frederick Leypoldt in the late 1860s, had various titles until Leypoldt settled on the name The Publishers' Weekly in 1872. The publication was a compilation of information about newly published books, collected from publishers and from other sources by Leypoldt, for an audience of booksellers. By 1876, Publishers Weekly was being read by nine tenths of the booksellers in the country. In 1878, Leypoldt sold The Publishers' Weekly to his friend Richard Rogers Bowker, in order to free up time for his other bibliographic endeavors; the publication expanded to include features and articles. Harry Thurston Peck was the first editor-in-chief of The Bookman, which began in 1895.
Peck worked on its staff from 1895 to 1906, in 1895, he created the world's first bestseller list for its pages. In 1912, Publishers Weekly began to publish its own bestseller lists, patterned after the lists in The Bookman; these were not separated into fiction and non-fiction until 1917, when World War I brought an increased interest in non-fiction by the reading public. Through much of the 20th century, Publishers Weekly was guided and developed by Frederic Gershom Melcher, editor and co-editor of Publishers' Weekly and chairman of the magazine's publisher, R. R. Bowker, over four decades. Born April 12, 1879, in Malden, Melcher began at age 16 in Boston's Estes & Lauriat Bookstore, where he developed an interest in children's books, he moved to Indianapolis in 1913 for another bookstore job. In 1918, he read in Publishers' Weekly, he applied to Richard Rogers Bowker for the job, was hired, moved with his family to Montclair, New Jersey. He remained with R. R. Bowker for 45 years. While at Publishers Weekly, Melcher began creating space in the publication and a number of issues dedicated to books for children.
In 1919, he teamed with Franklin K. Mathiews, librarian for the Boy Scouts of America, Anne Carroll Moore, a librarian at the New York Public Library, to create Children’s Book Week; when Bowker died in 1933, Melcher succeeded him as president of the company. In 1943, Publishers Weekly created the Carey–Thomas Award for creative publishing, naming it in honor of Mathew Carey and Isaiah Thomas. In 2008, the magazine's circulation was 25,000. In 2004, the breakdown of those 25,000 readers was given as 6000 publishers. Subject areas covered by Publishers Weekly include publishing, marketing and trade news, along with author interviews and regular columns on rights, people in publishing, bestsellers, it attempts to serve all involved in the creation, production and sale of the written word in book, audio and electronic formats. The magazine increases the page count for four annual special issues: Spring Adult Announcements, Fall Adult Announcements, Spring Children's Announcements, Fall Children's Announcements.
The book review section of Publishers Weekly was added in the early 1940s and grew in importance during the 20th century and through the present time. It offers prepublication reviews of 9,000 new trade books each year, in a comprehensive range of genres and including audiobooks and e-books, with a digitized archive of 200,000 reviews. Reviews appear two to four months prior to the publication date of a book, until 2014, when PW launched BookLife.com, a website for self-published books, books in print were reviewed. These anonymous reviews are short, averaging 200–250 words, it is not unusual for the review section to run as long as 40 pages, filling the second half of the magazine. In the past, a book review editorial staff of eight editors assigned books to more than 100 freelance reviewers; some are published authors, others are experts in specific genres or subjects. Although it might take a week or more to read and analyze some books, reviewers were paid $45 per review until June 2008 when the magazine introduced a reduction in payment to $25 a review.
In a further policy change that month, reviewers received credit as contributors in issues carrying their reviews. There are nine reviews editors listed in the masthead. Now titled "Reviews", the review section began life as "Forecasts." For several years, that title was taken literally. Genevieve Stuttaford, who expanded the number of reviews during her tenure as the nonfiction "Forecasts" editor, joined the PW staff in 1975, she was a Saturday Review associate editor, reviewer for Kirkus Reviews and for 12 years on the staff of the San Francisco Chronicle. During the 23 years Stuttaford was with Publishers Weekly, book reviewing was increased from an average of 3,800 titles a year in the 1970s to well over 6,500 titles in 1997, she retired in 1998. Several notable PW editors stand out for making their mark on the magazine. Barbara Bannon was the head fiction reviewer during the 1970s and early 1980s, becoming the magazine’s executive editor during that time and retiring in 1983, she was, the first reviewer to insist that her name be appended to any blur
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were