J. T. Walsh
James Thomas Patrick Walsh was an American actor. He appeared in many films, notably Good Morning, Vietnam, A Few Good Men, Nixon, Sling Blade and Pleasantville. According to Leonard Maltin, he was known for portraying "quietly sinister white-collar sleazeballs" in numerous films, was described as "everybody's favorite scumbag" by Playboy magazine. Walsh was born in California, he had three siblings: Christopher and Mary. From 1948-62, the family lived before moving back to the United States. After studying at Clongowes Wood College from 1955–61, he attended the University of Tübingen, the University of Rhode Island, where he starred in many college theater productions. In 1974, he began working in off-Broadway shows. After college, Walsh worked as a VISTA volunteer in Newport, Rhode Island organizing tenants for the United Tenant Organizations of Rhode Island before resigning to pursue his acting career. Walsh did not appear in films until 1983. Over the next 15 years, he appeared in over 50 feature films taking the bad guy role for which he is well known, such as Sergeant Major Dickerson in Good Morning, Vietnam.
On television, he again portrayed an evil character, prison warden Brodeur on The X-Files in 1995 in the episode "The List". Walsh wanted to play good guys, despite being typecast as a villain, he played decent characters in Outbreak and Sniper, played the rather sympathetic Marine Lieutenant Colonel Matthew Markinson in A Few Good Men. He played a member of Majestic 12 in the 1996 sci-fi drama series Dark Skies; the 1997 thriller Breakdown featured Walsh as the villainous truck driver. It was his last starring film released during his lifetime. In his final year of life, Walsh starred in Hidden Agenda and The Negotiator. All three films were dedicated to his memory. In his tribute to Walsh in Time Out New York, Andrew Johnston wrote: "Walsh is invariably referred to as a character actor who specialized in villains, but that description doesn't quite do justice to what he did; the typical Walsh character was a plot device serving either as a moral counterpoint to the star of the show or as an Iagolike figure egging on the hero in a way to lead to the protagonists's downfall.
These characters were self-important authority figures'defending' the American establishment from the individualism represented by the movies' heroes... or crooks who thrived by exploiting the hypocrisy of the system. Walsh didn't just make a career of playing bad guys--his performances offered a sort of running commentary on the power structure of American society." Walsh died of a heart attack on February 27, 1998, after feeling ill and collapsing at the Optimum Health Institute. He was 54 years old. Jack Nicholson dedicated his Academy Award for As Good; the two had acted together in A Few Good Men and Hoffa. J. T. Walsh on IMDb J. T. Walsh at the Internet Off-Broadway Database First tribute site for J. T. Walsh since 1998 J. T. Walsh at AllMovie Bubblegun interview J. T. Walsh at Find a Grave
Edward Bridge Danson III is an American actor and producer who played the lead character Sam Malone on the NBC sitcom Cheers, Jack Holden in the films Three Men and a Baby and Three Men and a Little Lady, Dr. John Becker on the CBS sitcom Becker, he starred in the CBS dramas CSI: Crime Scene Investigation and CSI: Cyber as D. B. Russell. Additionally, he played a recurring role on Larry David's HBO sitcom Curb Your Enthusiasm, starred alongside Glenn Close in legal drama Damages, was a regular on the HBO comedy series Bored to Death. In 2015 he starred as Hank Larsson in the second season of FX's black comedy-crime drama anthology Fargo. Since 2016, he has played the afterlife "architect" Michael in the NBC sitcom The Good Place. During his career, Danson has been nominated for 16 Primetime Emmy Awards, he was ranked second in TV Guide's list of the top 25 television stars. Danson has been a longtime activist in ocean conservation. In March 2011, he published his first book, Oceana: Our Endangered Oceans and What We Can Do to Save Them, written with journalist Michael D'Orso.
Danson was born in San Diego, California, to Jessica and Edward Bridge "Ned" Danson, Jr. an archaeologist and museum director. He has Jan Haury, he was raised in Arizona. His ancestry includes Scottish. In 1961, he enrolled in the Kent School, a prep school in Connecticut, where he was a star player on the basketball team, he became interested in drama while attending Stanford University and, seeking a better acting program, transferred to Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, where he received his Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in drama in 1972. Danson began his television career as a contract player on the daytime soap opera Somerset, he played the role of "Tom Conway" from 1975 to 1976. From 1977–1982 he played Dr. Mitchell Pearson on the daytime soap opera The Doctors, he was in a number of commercials, most recognizably as the "Aramis man". He made a number of guest appearances in episodic television in the late 1970s and early 1980s, including spots on Laverne and Shirley, B. J. and the Bear, Benson, Magnum P.
I. The Amazing Spider-Man and Tucker's Witch. In 1982 Danson was cast in his most recognizable role as the womanizing former baseball player and bartender Sam Malone on the NBC sitcom Cheers, wherein he has an on-and-off relationship with college-educated, sophisticated Diane Chambers. Though the show finished last in the ratings in the first season, it was well received by critics. Ratings but improved in 1983 and by 1986 Cheers was one of the top ten shows on TV; the show had a run of 11 seasons and its finale was watched by 80 million people, becoming the second most watched finale in television history at that time. It won four Emmy Awards for Outstanding Comedy Series and a Golden Globe for Best Series – Musical or Comedy; the show ran from 1982 to 1993, with Danson receiving 11 consecutive Emmy nominations and nine Golden Globe nominations winning two Emmys and two Golden Globes. In 2002, TV Guide named Cheers the 18th Greatest Show of All Time, it was included in Time Magazine's 100 Greatest Shows of All Time.
Danson appeared as Sam Malone in guest-starring roles on other sitcoms, such as Frasier, The Jim Henson Hour and The Simpsons. Although he was best known for his work in comedy, he appeared in a drama, Something About Amelia, about a family devastated by the repercussions of incest, which co-starred his co-star on Damages, Glenn Close, he won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie and was nominated for an Emmy Award. In 1996, three years after Cheers concluded, Danson starred in the short-lived CBS sitcom Ink with his real-life wife Mary Steenburgen. In the same year, they starred as Lemuel Gulliver and his wife in an acclaimed television miniseries of Gulliver's Travels. Danson went on to star in the successful CBS sitcom Becker, which ran from 1998 to 2004. Danson plays a fictionalized version of himself on Curb Your Enthusiasm, he reprised his role of Sam Malone in a second-season episode of Frasier and voiced him in The Simpsons episode "Fear of Flying". In 1999 Danson was presented with a star on Hollywood's Walk of Fame.
Danson returned to series television in the fall of 2006, playing a psychiatrist in the ABC sitcom Help Me Help You, canceled at midseason due to low ratings. In 2006 Danson received a nomination for a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a TV Movie or Miniseries for his role in Knights of the South Bronx. In 2007 Danson starred in the FX Network drama Damages as Arthur Frobisher; the role earned him an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series but he lost to co-star Željko Ivanek. In the second season Danson became a recurring character instead of one of the principal cast. Danson received an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series but lost to Michael J. Fox for his guest appearance in Rescue Me. In 2011 Danson appeared in the music video for "Make Some Noise" by the Beastie Boys, he is mentioned in the song's lyrics. Danson starred in the HBO sitcom Bored to Death as George Christopher, the laconic and sometime downright infantile editor of Edition magazine.
Critics praised Danson as being the highlight of the program, c
William Wharton (author)
William Wharton, the pen name of the artist Albert William Du Aime, was an American-born author best known for his first novel Birdy, made into a critically acclaimed film by the same name in 1984. Wharton was born in Pennsylvania. From "a poor, hard-working, Catholic family", he graduated from Upper Darby High School in 1943, was inducted into the school's Wall of Fame in 1997. During World War II, Wharton served in the United States Army and was first assigned to an engineering unit, he was transferred to the infantry, was wounded in the Battle of the Bulge. His memoirs included an account of his role in the killing of German prisoners during the war - "War for me, though brief, had been a soul-shaking trauma. I was scared, I lost confidence in human beings myself." After his discharge, he attended the University of California, Los Angeles, where he received an undergraduate degree in art and a doctorate in psychology teaching art in the Los Angeles Unified School District. His first novel Birdy was published in 1978.
Birdy was a critical and popular success and it won the U. S. National Book Award in category First Novel. Alan Parker directed a film version starring Matthew Modine. After the publication of Birdy and through the early 1990s, Wharton published eight novels, including Dad and A Midnight Clear, both of which were made into films. Dad starred Ethan Hawke in one of his first movie roles. Hawke starred in A Midnight Clear. In 1988, Wharton's daughter, his son-in-law Bill, their two children, two-year-old Dayiel and eight-month-old Mia, were killed in a 23-car motor vehicle accident near Albany, caused by smoke generated by grass-burning on nearby farmland. Wharton wrote a non-fiction book, Ever After: A Father's True Story, which recounts the incidents leading to the accident, his family's subsequent grief, the three years which he devoted to pursuing redress in the Oregon court system for the field-burning that caused the accident. Houseboat on the Seine, a memoir, was published in 1996, about Wharton's purchase and renovation of a houseboat.
It is worth noting that he gained an enormous and unusual popularity in Poland, where many extra editions as well as visits followed and some works were prepared and published only in Polish. Wharton died on 29 October 2008 in a hospital in California. 1978 • Birdy 1981 • Dad 1982 • A Midnight Clear 1984 • Scumbler 1985 • Pride 1987 • Tidings 1989 • Franky Furbo 1991 • Last Lovers 1994 • Wrongful Deaths 1996 • Houseboat on Seine 2012 • Shrapnel The following titles were only published in Polish - includes English translation of title 1996 • Szrapnel - Shrapnel 1998 • Historie rodzinne - Say Uncle 1999 • Al - Al Worth Trying 1999 • William Wharton - Album 1999 • Opowieści z Moulin du Bruit - Tales of the Moulin Du Bruit 2000 • Tam, gdzie spotykają się wszystkie światy - Beyond the Closet 2001 • Niedobre miejsce - A Hard Place 2001 • Nigdy, nigdy mnie nie złapiecie - Nyah, You Can't Catch Me 2002 • Nie ustawaj w biegu - Run, Run 2003 • Rubio - Beyond the Closet was published in Bulgarian with the title Отвъд килера Birdy Dad A Midnight Clear Upper Darby High School Wall of Fame Biographical essay in PolishWebsite: http://wharton-duaime.wixsite.com/williamwharton/ Book you can order: http://www.blurb.com/b/8259743-invitation-into-a-neighborhood
James Roy Horner was an American composer and orchestrator of film scores, writing over 100. He was known for the integration of choral and electronic elements, for his frequent use of motifs associated with Celtic music. Horner's first major score was in 1979 for The Lady in Red, but he did not establish himself as an eminent film composer until his work on the 1982 film Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, his score for James Cameron's Titanic is the best-selling orchestral film soundtrack of all time. He wrote the score for the highest-grossing film of all time, Cameron's Avatar. Horner collaborated on multiple projects with directors including Don Bluth, James Cameron, Joe Johnston, Walter Hill and Ron Howard, he won two Academy Awards, two Golden Globes, three Satellite Awards, three Saturn Awards, was nominated for three British Academy Film Awards. Horner, an avid pilot, died at the age of 61 in a single-fatality crash while flying his Short Tucano turboprop aircraft. Horner was born in 1953 in California, to Jewish immigrants.
His father, Harry Horner, was born in Holice, Bohemia a part of Austria-Hungary. He worked as a set designer and art director, his mother, Joan Ruth, was born into a prominent Canadian family. His brother Christopher is a documentary filmmaker. James Horner started playing piano at the age of five, he played violin. He spent his early years in London, he returned to America, where he attended Verde Valley School in Sedona and received his bachelor's degree in music from the University of Southern California. After earning a master's degree, he started work on his doctorate at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he studied with Paul Chihara, among others. After several scoring assignments with the American Film Institute in the 1970s, he finished teaching a course in music theory at UCLA turned to film scoring. Horner was an avid pilot, owned several small airplanes. Horner's first credit as a feature-film composer was for B-movie director and producer Roger Corman's Battle Beyond the Stars.
As his work gained notice in Hollywood, Horner was invited to take on larger projects. One of his first major scores was for 1979's The Lady in Red. Horner's big break came in 1982, it established him as an A-list Hollywood composer. Director Nicholas Meyer quipped that Horner was hired because the studio could no longer afford the first Trek movie's composer, Jerry Goldsmith. Horner continued writing high-profile film scores including 48 Hrs. Krull, Star Trek III: The Search for Spock, Cocoon, Aliens, *batteries not included, Willow and Field of Dreams. Cocoon was the first of his many collaborations with director Ron Howard. In 1987, Horner's original score for Aliens brought him his first Academy Award nomination. "Somewhere Out There," which he co-composed and co-wrote with Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil for An American Tail, was nominated that year for Best Original Song. Throughout the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s, Horner wrote orchestral scores for family films, with credits for An American Tail. A Dinosaur's Story.
Horner scored six films in 1995, including his commercially successful and critically acclaimed works for Braveheart and Apollo 13, both of which received Academy Award nominations. Horner's biggest critical and financial success came in 1997 with his score for James Cameron's Titanic. At the 70th Academy Awards, Horner received the Oscar for Best Original Dramatic Score, shared the Oscar for Best Original Song with co-writer Will Jennings for "My Heart Will Go On"; the film's score and song won three Grammy Awards and two Golden Globe Awards. After Titanic, Horner continued to compose for major productions, including The Perfect Storm, A Beautiful Mind, Enemy at the Gates, The Mask of Zorro, The Legend of Zorro, House of Sand and Fog and Bicentennial Man, he worked on smaller projects such as Iris and Bobby Jones: Stroke of Genius. He received his eighth and ninth Academy Award nominations for A Beautiful Mind and House of Sand and Fog, but lost on both occasions to composer Howard Shore. Horner composed the 2006–2011 theme for the CBS Evening News, introduced during the debut of anchor Katie Couric on September 5, 2006.
He wrote various treatments of the theme, explaining, "One night the show might begin with the Iranians obtaining a nuclear device, another it might be something about a flower show... The tone needs to match the news."Horner collaborated again with James Cameron on his 2009 film Avatar, which became the highest-grossing film of all time, surpassing Cameron's own Titanic. Horner worked on Avatar for over two years, he said, "Avatar has been the most difficult film I have worked on, the biggest
Zakes Makgona Mokae was a South African-born American actor. Mokae was born in Johannesburg, South Africa, moved to Great Britain in 1961, to the United States in 1969, he turned to acting at the same time. The two worked together on Fugard's play, The Blood Knot, from 1961, a two-hander set in South Africa about brothers with the same mother but different fathers. Mokae worked with Fugard on the play "Master Harold"...and the Boys, for which Mokae won the 1982 Tony Award for Featured Actor in a Play. The play was filmed for television in 1985 with Matthew Broderick. In 1993 Mokae was nominated for a second Tony Award for Featured Actor in a Play for The Song of Jacob Zulu by Tug Yourgrau, his early film roles included Darling as a guest at a wild party, The Comedians starring Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor. His major films are split between anti-apartheid films such as Cry Freedom and A Dry White Season, cult horror films such as The Island, Dust Devil, The Serpent and the Rainbow and Vampire In Brooklyn, the latter two were directed by horror icon Wes Craven.
He appeared in character roles in many other films including Gross Anatomy, Dad, A Rage in Harlem and the Kevin Costner film Waterworld. On television, he has been a guest actor in many series such as The West Wing and Hutch, Danger Man, The X-Files, Oz, Monk, A Different World and Knight Rider. In 1975, American writer-filmmaker, Eon Chontay Cjohnathan gave birth to Zakes Mokae's only child: Santlo Chontay Mokae. In years, Mokae worked as a theatre director for American companies including the Nevada Shakespeare Company. Mokae died from complications of a stroke on 11 September 2009 in Las Vegas. Mokae had been ill for some time. Donker Afrika - Sergeant Tremor Dilemma - Steven Sitole Darling - Black Man at French Party The Comedians - Michel Fragment of Fear The Rise and Rise of Michael Rimmer - Mugger The River Niger The Island - Wescott Roar - Committee Member Cry Freedom - Father Kani The Serpent and the Rainbow - Dargent Peytraud A Dry White Season - Stanley Makhaya Gross Anatomy - Dr. Banumbra Dad - Dr. Chad A Rage in Harlem - Big Kathy Body Parts - Detective Sawchuck The Doctor - Dr. Charles Reed Dust Devil - Ben Mukurob Slaughter of the Innocents - Library Janitor Outbreak - Dr. Benjamin Iwabi Waterworld - Priam Vampire in Brooklyn - Dr. Zeko Krippendorf's Tribe - Sulukim Zakes Mokae at the Internet Broadway Database Zakes Mokae at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Zakes Mokae on IMDb Tony Awards
The Washington Post
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper published in Washington, D. C. with a particular emphasis on national politics and the federal government. It has the largest circulation in the Washington metropolitan area, its slogan "Democracy Dies in Darkness" began appearing on its masthead in 2017. Daily broadsheet editions are printed for the District of Columbia and Virginia; the newspaper has won 47 Pulitzer Prizes. This includes six separate Pulitzers awarded in 2008, second only to The New York Times' seven awards in 2002 for the highest number awarded to a single newspaper in one year. Post journalists have received 18 Nieman Fellowships and 368 White House News Photographers Association awards. In the early 1970s, in the best-known episode in the newspaper's history, reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein led the American press' investigation into what became known as the Watergate scandal, their reporting in The Washington Post contributed to the resignation of President Richard Nixon.
In years since, the Post's investigations have led to increased review of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center. In October 2013, the paper's longtime controlling family, the Graham family, sold the newspaper to Nash Holdings, a holding company established by Jeff Bezos, for $250 million in cash; the Washington Post is regarded as one of the leading daily American newspapers, along with The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, The Wall Street Journal. The Post has distinguished itself through its political reporting on the workings of the White House and other aspects of the U. S. government. Unlike The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post does not print an edition for distribution away from the East Coast. In 2009, the newspaper ceased publication of its National Weekly Edition, which combined stories from the week's print editions, due to shrinking circulation; the majority of its newsprint readership is in the District of Columbia and its suburbs in Maryland and Northern Virginia.
The newspaper is one of a few U. S. newspapers with foreign bureaus, located in Beirut, Beijing, Bogotá, Hong Kong, Jerusalem, London, Mexico City, Nairobi, New Delhi and Tokyo. In November 2009, it announced the closure of its U. S. regional bureaus—Chicago, Los Angeles and New York—as part of an increased focus on "political stories and local news coverage in Washington." The newspaper has local bureaus in Virginia. As of May 2013, its average weekday circulation was 474,767, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations, making it the seventh largest newspaper in the country by circulation, behind USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, the Daily News, the New York Post. While its circulation has been slipping, it has one of the highest market-penetration rates of any metropolitan news daily. For many decades, the Post had its main office at 1150 15th Street NW; this real estate remained with Graham Holdings when the newspaper was sold to Jeff Bezos' Nash Holdings in 2013.
Graham Holdings sold 1150 15th Street for US$159 million in November 2013. The Washington Post continued to lease space at 1150 L Street NW. In May 2014, The Washington Post leased the west tower of One Franklin Square, a high-rise building at 1301 K Street NW in Washington, D. C; the newspaper moved into their new offices December 14, 2015. The Post has its own exclusive zip code, 20071. Arc Publishing is a department of the Post, which provides the publishing system, software for news organizations such as the Chicago Tribune and the Los Angeles Times; the newspaper was founded in 1877 by Stilson Hutchins and in 1880 added a Sunday edition, becoming the city's first newspaper to publish seven days a week. In 1889, Hutchins sold the newspaper to Frank Hatton, a former Postmaster General, Beriah Wilkins, a former Democratic congressman from Ohio. To promote the newspaper, the new owners requested the leader of the United States Marine Band, John Philip Sousa, to compose a march for the newspaper's essay contest awards ceremony.
Sousa composed "The Washington Post". It became the standard music to accompany the two-step, a late 19th-century dance craze, remains one of Sousa's best-known works. In 1893, the newspaper moved to a building at 14th and E streets NW, where it would remain until 1950; this building combined all functions of the newspaper into one headquarters – newsroom, advertising and printing – that ran 24 hours per day. In 1898, during the Spanish–American War, the Post printed Clifford K. Berryman's classic illustration Remember the Maine, which became the battle-cry for American sailors during the War. In 1902, Berryman published another famous cartoon in the Post—Drawing the Line in Mississippi; this cartoon depicts President Theodore Roosevelt showing compassion for a small bear cub and inspired New York store owner Morris Michtom to create the teddy bear. Wilkins acquired Hatton's share of the newspaper in 1894 at Hatton's death. After Wilkins' death in 1903, his sons John and Robert ran the Post for two years before selling it in 1905 to John Roll McLean, owner of the Cincinnati Enquirer.
During the Wilson presidency, the Post was credited with the "most famous newspaper typo" in D. C. history according to Reason magazine. When John McLean died in 1916, he put the newspap
Golden Globe Award
The Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association beginning in January 1944, recognizing excellence in film and television, both domestic and foreign. The annual ceremony at which the awards are presented is a major part of the film industry's awards season, which culminates each year in the Academy Awards; the eligibility period for the Golden Globes corresponds to the calendar year. The 76th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film and television in 2018, were held on January 6, 2019; the 77th Golden Globe Awards will take place on January 5, 2020. In 1943, a group of writers banded together to form the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, and, by creating a generously distributed award called the Golden Globe Award, they now play a significant role in film marketing; the 1st Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best achievements in 1943 filmmaking, were held in January 1944, at the 20th Century-Fox studios. Subsequent ceremonies were held at various venues throughout the next decade, including the Beverly Hills Hotel and the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.
In 1950, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association made the decision to establish a special honorary award to recognize outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry. Recognizing its subject as an international figure within the entertainment industry, the first award was presented to director and producer, Cecil B. DeMille; the official name of the award thus became the Cecil B. DeMille Award. Beginning in 1963, the trophies commenced to be handed out by one or more persons referred to as "Miss Golden Globe", a title renamed on January 5, 2018 to "Golden Globe Ambassador"; the holders of the position were, the daughters or sometimes the sons of a celebrity, as a point of pride, these continued to be contested among celebrity parents. In 2009, the Golden Globe statuette was redesigned; the New York firm Society Awards collaborated for a year with the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to produce a statuette that included a unique marble and enhanced the statuette's quality and gold content.
It was unveiled at a press conference at the Beverly Hilton prior to the show. Revenues generated from the annual ceremony have enabled the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to donate millions of dollars to entertainment-related charities, as well as funding scholarships and other programs for future film and television professionals; the most prominent beneficiary is the Young Artist Awards, presented annually by the Young Artist Foundation, established in 1978 by Hollywood Foreign Press member Maureen Dragone, to recognize and award excellence of young Hollywood performers under the age of 21 and to provide scholarships for young artists who may be physically or financially challenged. The qualifying eligibility period for all nominations is the calendar year from January 1 through December 31. Voice-over performances and cameo appearances in which persons play themselves are disqualified from all of the film and TV acting categories. Films must be at least 70 minutes and released for at least a seven-day run in the Greater Los Angeles area, starting prior to midnight on December 31.
Films can be released on pay-per-view, or by digital delivery. For the Best Foreign Language Film category, films do not need to be released in the United States. At least 51 percent of the dialogue must be in a language other than English, they must first be released in their country of origin during a 14-month period from November 1 to December 31 prior to the Awards. However, if a film was not released in its country of origin due to censorship, it can still qualify if it had a one-week release in the United States during the qualifying calendar year. There is no limit to the number of submitted films from a given country. A TV program must air in the United States between the prime time hours of 11:00 p.m.. A show can air on basic or premium cable, or by digital delivery. A TV show must either be made in the United States or be a co-production financially and creatively between an American and a foreign production company. Furthermore and non-scripted shows are disqualified. For a television film, it cannot be entered in both the film and TV categories, instead should be entered based on its original release format.
If it was first aired on American television it can be entered into the TV categories. If it was released in theaters or on pay-per-view it should instead to be entered into the film categories. A film festival showing does not count towards disqualifying. Actors in a TV series must appear in at least six episodes during the qualifying calendar year. Actors in a TV film or miniseries must appear in at least five percent of the time in that TV film or miniseries. Active HFPA members need to be invited to an official screening of each eligible film directly by its respective distributor or publicist; the screening must take place in the Greater Los Angeles area, either before the film's release or up to one week afterwards. The screening can be a regular screening in a theater with a press screening; the screening must be cleared with the Motion Picture Association of America so there are not scheduling conflicts with other official screenings. For TV programs, they must be available to be seen by HFPA members in any common format, including the original TV broadcast.
Entry forms for films need to be received by the HFPA within ten days of the