South Carolina is a state in the Southeastern United States and the easternmost of the Deep South. It is bordered to the north by North Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southwest by Georgia across the Savannah River. South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U. S. Constitution on May 23, 1788. South Carolina became the first state to vote in favor of secession from the Union on December 20, 1860. After the American Civil War, it was readmitted into the United States on June 25, 1868. South Carolina is the 40th most extensive and 23rd most populous U. S. state. Its GDP as of 2013 was $183.6 billion, with an annual growth rate of 3.13%. South Carolina is composed of 46 counties; the capital is Columbia with a 2017 population of 133,114. The Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin metropolitan area is the largest in the state, with a 2017 population estimate of 895,923. South Carolina is named in honor of King Charles I of England, who first formed the English colony, with Carolus being Latin for "Charles".
South Carolina is known for its 187 miles of coastline, beautiful lush gardens, historic sites and Southern plantations, colonial and European cultures, its growing economic development. The state can be divided into three geographic areas. From east to west: the Atlantic coastal plain, the Piedmont, the Blue Ridge Mountains. Locally, the coastal plain is referred to the other two regions as Upstate; the Atlantic Coastal Plain makes up two-thirds of the state. Its eastern border is a chain of tidal and barrier islands; the border between the low country and the up country is defined by the Atlantic Seaboard fall line, which marks the limit of navigable rivers. The state's coastline contains many salt marshes and estuaries, as well as natural ports such as Georgetown and Charleston. An unusual feature of the coastal plain is a large number of Carolina bays, the origins of which are uncertain; the bays tend to be oval. The terrain is flat and the soil is composed of recent sediments such as sand and clay.
Areas with better drainage make excellent farmland. The natural areas of the coastal plain are part of the Middle Atlantic coastal forests ecoregion. Just west of the coastal plain is the Sandhills region; the Sandhills are remnants of coastal dunes from a time when the land was sunken or the oceans were higher. The Upstate region contains the roots of an eroded mountain chain, it is hilly, with thin, stony clay soils, contains few areas suitable for farming. Much of the Piedmont was once farmed. Due to the changing economics of farming, much of the land is now reforested in Loblolly pine for the lumber industry; these forests are part of the Southeastern mixed forests ecoregion. At the southeastern edge of the Piedmont is the fall line, where rivers drop to the coastal plain; the fall line was an important early source of water power. Mills built to harness this resource encouraged the growth of several cities, including the capital, Columbia; the larger rivers are navigable up to the fall line. The northwestern part of the Piedmont is known as the Foothills.
The Cherokee Parkway is a scenic driving route through this area. This is. Highest in elevation is the Blue Ridge Region, containing an escarpment of the Blue Ridge Mountains, which continue into North Carolina and Georgia, as part of the southern Appalachian Mountains. Sassafras Mountain, South Carolina's highest point at 3,560 feet, is in this area. In this area is Caesars Head State Park; the environment here is that of the Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests ecoregion. The Chattooga River, on the border between South Carolina and Georgia, is a favorite whitewater rafting destination. South Carolina has several major lakes covering over 683 square miles. All major lakes in South Carolina are man-made; the following are the lakes listed by size. Lake Marion 110,000 acres Lake Strom Thurmond 71,100 acres Lake Moultrie 60,000 acres Lake Hartwell 56,000 acres Lake Murray 50,000 acres Russell Lake 26,650 acres Lake Keowee 18,372 acres Lake Wylie 13,400 acres Lake Wateree 13,250 acres Lake Greenwood 11,400 acres Lake Jocassee 7,500 acres Lake Bowen Earthquakes in South Carolina demonstrate the greatest frequency along the central coastline of the state, in the Charleston area.
South Carolina averages 10–15 earthquakes a year below magnitude 3. The Charleston Earthquake of 1886 was the largest quake to hit the Southeastern United States; this 7.2 magnitude earthquake destroyed much of the city. Faults in this region are difficult to study at the surface due to thick sedimentation on top of them. Many of the ancient faults are within plates rather than along plate boundaries. South Carolina has a humid subtropical climate, although high-elevation areas in the Upstate area have fewer subtropical characteristics than areas on the Atlantic coastline. In the summer, South Carolina is hot and humid, with daytime temperatures averaging between 86–93 °F in most of the state and overnight lows averaging 70–75 °F on the coast and from 66–73 °F inland. Winter temperatures are much less uniform in South Carolina. Coastal areas of the state have mild winters, with high temperatures approaching an average of 60 °F and overnight lows around 40 °F. Inland, the average January overnight low is around 32 °F i
Dillinger Four is an influential American punk rock band formed in 1994 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. They have released four full-length studio albums. Since 1996, the band's lineup has been Patrick Costello on bass guitar and vocals, Erik Funk and Bill Morrisette on guitars and vocals, Lane Pederson on drums. Midwestern Songs of the Americas Versus God Situationist Comedy Civil War Live at First Avenue This Shit Is Genius Higher Aspirations: Tempered and Dismantled The Kids Are All Dead More Songs About Girlfriends and Bubblegum D4! The Bootleg The Rebel's Choice Dillinger Four / Pinhead Gunpowder Masters of War with Brother Mark Treehouse and Atmosphere "Farts are Jazz to Assholes" on Short Music for Short People "Our Science is Tight" and "Maximum Piss and Vinegar" on Hopelessly Devoted to You Vol. 3 "Like Sprewells on a Wheelchair" on Rock Against Bush, Vol. 2 Belt Fighting the Man Plea for Peace/Take Action Vol. 2
Strike Anywhere is an American punk rock band from Richmond, Virginia. Formed in 1999 after the demise of frontman Thomas Barnett's previous band, they took their name from the Inquisition song "Strike Anywhere", their music is characterized by fast tempos, catchy melodies, charged vocals delivered via shouting and singing. The band has received an increased amount of attention after their music appeared in 3 Tony Hawk video games: Tony Hawk's Underground in 2003, Tony Hawk's American Wasteland in 2005, Tony Hawk's Downhill Jam, they were featured in the documentary Wake Up Screaming about the 2005 Vans Warped Tour. The band played their last show with guitarist Matt Sherwood in Auckland, New Zealand on March 17, 2007, with Mark Miller replacing Sherwood. Since the band has continued its regimen of international touring, including the group's first South American tour, where they played Brazil and Colombia; the band did a European festival tour in Summer of 2008. Strike Anywhere is now signed with Bridge Nine Records, in an interview, Barnett said "There's no celebrity culture, there's nothing but hard work and a love for art with Bridge 9."
In an interview in December 2016, Barnett confirmed that the band is working on a fifth studio album. Strike Anywhere lyrics touch on such issues as police brutality, anti-capitalism, women's rights, animal rights, globalization, they have contributed tracks to political benefit albums, such as a live version of "Sunset on 32nd" for 1157 Wheeler Avenue: A Memorial for Amadou Diallo and "To the World" for the Rock Against Bush, Vol. 1 album. According to the liner notes for their album Change is a Sound, they support "the vegetarian lifestyle, the living wage movement and the fight against corporate globalization". With its 2006 release Dead FM, the band expanded their political slogans to address "more sociological ideas about why these happen", their logo is similar to the Three Arrows symbol and the Antifascist Circle, includes the logo of the former democratic socialist/antifascist German Iron Front, a paramilitary organization which existed in the last years of the Weimar Republic. Strike Anywhere allows audience members to record their live performances for personal, non-commercial use, has gone so far as to authorize the Internet Archive to create a section where fans can upload and share their recordings.
Thomas Barnett - vocals Matt Smith - guitar, vocals Garth Petrie - bass Eric Kane - drums Mark Miller - guitar, vocals Matt Sherwood - guitar, vocals Change is a Sound Exit English Dead FM Iron Front Chorus of One Fat Club Underground Europe: The 1999 Demos Iron Front EP - Digital EP Live at the Montage Music Hall To Live in Discontent Live At Camden Underworld In Defiance of Empty Times Underground Europe 2001 Genoa Benefit EP 1157 Wheeler Avenue: A Memorial for Amadou Diallo Broken Lamps and Hardcore Memories Punk Goes Acoustic Rock Against Bush, Vol. 1 Take Action! Vol.6 Keep Singing! A Benefit Compilation for Compassion Over Killing Count Me Out - Garth Petrie Park Sparrows - Garth Petrie The Exploder - Eric Kane, Matt Smith Inquisition - Thomas Barnett Great Collapse - Thomas Barnett MAäSK - Thomas Barnett Liars Academy - Matt Smith Senses Fail - Matt Smith Pygmy Lush - Eric Kane Widows - Eric Kane, Mark Miller Sports Bar - Mark Miller Official website Interview with Thomas Barnett Strike Anywhere interview Interview with Thomas & Dave from The Loved Ones Interview with Thomas Barnett Strike Anywhere - BandToBand.com
Columbia, South Carolina
Columbia is the capital and second largest city of the U. S. state of South Carolina, with a population estimate of 134,309 as of 2016. The city serves as the county seat of Richland County, a portion of the city extends into neighboring Lexington County, it is the center of the Columbia metropolitan statistical area, which had a population of 767,598 as of the 2010 United States Census, growing to 817,488 by July 1, 2016, according to 2015 U. S. Census estimates; the name Columbia is a poetic term used for the United States, originating from the name of Christopher Columbus. The city is located 13 miles northwest of the geographic center of South Carolina, is the primary city of the Midlands region of the state, it lies at the confluence of the Saluda River and the Broad River, which merge at Columbia to form the Congaree River. Columbia is home to the University of South Carolina, the state's flagship university and the largest in the state, is the site of Fort Jackson, the largest United States Army installation for Basic Combat Training.
Columbia is located 20 miles west of the site of McEntire Joint National Guard Base, operated by the U. S. Air Force and is used as a training base for the 169th Fighter Wing of The South Carolina Air National Guard. Columbia is the location of the South Carolina State House, the center of government for the state. In 1860, the city was the location of the South Carolina Secession Convention, which marked the departure of the first state from the Union in the events leading up to the Civil War. At the time of European encounter, the inhabitants of the area that became Columbia were a people called the Congaree. In May 1540, a Spanish expedition led by Hernando de Soto traversed what is now Columbia while moving northward; the expedition produced the earliest written historical records of the area, part of the regional Cofitachequi chiefdom. From the creation of Columbia by the South Carolina General Assembly in 1786, the site of Columbia was important to the overall development of the state; the Congarees, a frontier fort on the west bank of the Congaree River, was the head of navigation in the Santee River system.
A ferry was established by the colonial government in 1754 to connect the fort with the growing settlements on the higher ground on the east bank. Like many other significant early settlements in colonial America, Columbia is on the fall line from the Piedmont region; the fall line is the spot where a river becomes unnavigable when sailing upstream and where water flowing downstream can power a mill. State Senator John Lewis Gervais of the town of Ninety Six introduced a bill, approved by the legislature on March 22, 1786, to create a new state capital. There was considerable argument over the name for the new city. According to published accounts, Senator Gervais said he hoped that "in this town we should find refuge under the wings of COLUMBIA", for, the name which he wished it to be called. One legislator insisted on the name "Washington", but "Columbia" won by a vote of 11–7 in the state senate; the site was chosen as the new state capital in 1786, due to its central location in the state.
The State Legislature first met there in 1790. After remaining under the direct government of the legislature for the first two decades of its existence, Columbia was incorporated as a village in 1805 and as a city in 1854. Columbia received a large stimulus to development when it was connected in a direct water route to Charleston by the Santee Canal; this canal connected the Cooper rivers in a 22-mile-long section. It was first chartered in 1786 and completed in 1800, making it one of the earliest canals in the United States. With increased railroad traffic, it ceased operation around 1850; the commissioners designed a town of 400 blocks in a 2-mile square along the river. The blocks were sold to speculators and prospective residents. Buyers had to build a house at least 30 feet long and 18 feet wide within three years or face an annual 5% penalty; the perimeter streets and two through streets were 150 feet wide. The remaining squares were divided by thoroughfares 100 feet wide; the commissioners comprised the local government until 1797 when a Commission of Streets and Markets was created by the General Assembly.
Three main issues occupied most of their time: public drunkenness and poor sanitation. As one of the first planned cities in the United States, Columbia began to grow rapidly, its population was nearing 1,000 shortly after the start of the 19th century. In 1801, South Carolina College was founded in Columbia; the original building survives. The city was chosen as the site of the institution in part to unite the citizens of the Upcountry and the Lowcountry and to discourage the youth from migrating to England for their higher education. At the time, South Carolina sent more young men to England; the leaders of South Carolina wished to monitor the development of the school. Columbia received its first charter as a town in 1805. An intendant and six wardens would govern the town. John Taylor, the first elected intendant served in both houses of the General Assembly, both houses of Congress, as governor. By 1816, there were a population of more than one thousand. Columbia became chartered with an elected mayor and six aldermen.
Two years Columbia had a police force consisting of a full-time chief and nine patrolmen. The city continued to grow at a rapid
The Descendents are a punk rock band formed in 1977 in Manhattan Beach, California by guitarist Frank Navetta, bassist Tony Lombardo and drummer Bill Stevenson. In 1979, they enlisted Stevenson's school friend Milo Aukerman as a singer, reappeared as a punk rock band, becoming a major player in the hardcore punk scene developing in Los Angeles at the time, they have released seven studio albums, three live albums, three compilation albums, three EPs. Since 1986, the band's lineup has consisted of singer Milo Aukerman, guitarist Stephen Egerton, bassist Karl Alvarez, drummer Bill Stevenson. In 1977, friends Frank Navetta and David Nolte began writing songs on acoustic guitars with the intention of forming a band, they called themselves The Itch, until Navetta came up with the name Descendents. By the end of the year they had failed to attract any more band members, so Nolte instead joined The Last with his brothers. In late 1978 Navetta was joined by drummer Bill Stevenson and bassist Tony Lombardo, revitalizing the Descendents project.
Nolte sang with the group at several of their early performances, but by the Spring of 1979 The Last were becoming more active and he left the Descendents. The singerless "power trio" lineup of Navetta and Stevenson recorded the band's debut single at Media Art studios and released it on their own label, Orca Records, named after Stevenson's fishing boat. Lombardo sang "It's a Hectic World" while Navetta sang "Ride the Wild". Nolte produced and mixed the session, his brother Joe turned the lead guitar level up, resulting in the guitar being loud in the mix; the band's music at the time was described by Stevenson as a "coffee'd-out blend of rock-surf-pop-punk music The sound consisted of Lombardo's hard-driving, melodic bass lines, Navetta's tight guitar riffing, my'caffinated' surf beats." Steven Blush, author of American Hardcore: A Tribal History, describes the single as "a blend of Devo-style new wave and Dick Dale-like surf." Ned Raggett of AllMusic describes it as surf-inspired power pop with a New Wave edge: "Not quite Devo if they grew up on the coast, but there's something to that comparison."Lacking a lead singer and Lombardo provided vocals on the single.
After a six-month trial with a female singer, they recruited Milo Aukerman as their new vocalist. The addition of Aukerman and the consumption of large amounts of coffee led the band to write shorter and more aggressive songs in a hardcore punk style, they released the Fat EP in 1982. It was a record which established the band's presence in the southern California hardcore punk movement with its short, aggressive songs. For the recording of their first album in June 1982, the band worked at Total Access Recording in Redondo Beach, California with Spot, who had engineered and produced the Fat EP. While still short and fast, the songs on Milo Goes to College were melodic. Singer Milo Aukerman reflected: "It's interesting: we started melodic moved to hardcore, but melded the two at a certain point and became melodic hardcore." The album's title and cover illustration referenced Aukerman's departure from the band to study biology at the University of California, San Diego. The illustration was done by Jeff Atkinson, based on earlier caricatures by a high school classmate of Aukerman's named Roger Deuerlein, who had drawn comic strips and posters depicting Aukerman as the class nerd.
A note on the back of the LP read "In dedication to Milo Aukerman from the Descendents", was signed by the other three members. Aukerman recalled that the band took his departure in stride: When I decided to go to university, the guys in the band were pretty hip on it because they knew how big of a nerd I was. Like, "What else would you expect him to do but to go off and be a geek?" I mean, I've got a Ph. D in biochemistry — how uncool is that? The band continued performing for a time with Ray Cooper on vocals, who switched to rhythm guitar, with Aukerman when he would make return visits to Los Angeles. At the same time, drummer Bill Stevenson had joined Black Flag, intending to be in both bands at once but soon finding it too difficult due to Black Flag's touring and recording schedule:"The band had time off so I spent like two years with Black Flag. I got in over my head; when I joined Flag I had every intention of doing both bands but it was physically impossible. Flag had all this stuff in progress, so I put Descendents on hold."With Aukerman in college and Stevenson in Black Flag, the Descendents went on hiatus from 1983 to 1985.
During this time lead guitarist Frank Navetta burned all of his equipment and moved to Oregon, while Cooper and bassist Tony Lombardo performed as the Ascendants. In 1985 Stevenson left Black Flag and he, Aukerman and Lombardo reconvened as the Descendents for I Don't Want to Grow Up, recorded that April at Music Lab studios in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California with producer and engineer David Tarling and published by New Alliance Records. Lombardo was unable to tour with the band due to his job with the United States Postal Service, was replaced by Doug Carrion, who performed on their three tours in support of I Don't Want to Grow Up After three tours in support of I Don't Want to Grow Up, the band recorded Enjoy! in March and April 1986 at Radio Tokyo studios in Venice, California. Drummer Bill Stevenson acted as producer of the album, working with recording engineers Richard Andrews and Ethan James; the lyrics of "Hürtin' Crüe" derived from a high school classmate of singer Milo Aukerman who had earned a score of 1420 on the SAT, gaining him entry into the United States Military Academy.
Gloating about his accomplishment, he sang a taunt with the lyrics "I am better than you / You are a piece of poo / 1420"
OK Go is an American rock band from Chicago, now based in Los Angeles, California. The band is composed of Damian Kulash, Tim Nordwind, Dan Konopka and Andy Ross, who joined them in 2005, replacing Andy Duncan; the band is known for its quirky and elaborate one-take music videos. The original members formed as OK Go in 1998 and released two studio albums before Duncan's departure; the band's video for "Here It Goes Again" won a Grammy Award for Best Music Video in 2007. The band's lead singer, Damian Kulash, met bassist Tim Nordwind at Interlochen Arts Camp in Traverse City, Michigan when they were 11. Kulash was in for Nordwind for music; the band name comes from an art teacher of the band members saying, "OK... Go!" while they were drawing. They kept in touch after camp exchanging mixtapes which influenced each other's musical taste and the band's future sound, they met keyboardist Andy Duncan in high school. Nordwind and Duncan moved to Chicago for college, where they formed the band Stanley's Joyful Noise with drummer Dan Konopka.
The name OK Go was adopted in 1998. The band plastered the city with posters for its earliest gigs and within a year had shared the stage with international artists such as Elliott Smith, the Promise Ring, the Olivia Tremor Control and Sloan. At the end of 2000, the band was invited by radio host Ira Glass to serve as the house band for live performances of This American Life in Boston, New York, Chicago; the band self-released two EPs, titled Brown EP and Pink EP, which were culled from an album's worth of songs recorded in February 2000 with producer Dave Trumfio, to serve as demos. The early music had electronic influences, as Kulash told the Chicago Reader in 2001, "We were trying to figure out how we could get a sampler and beats to work in rock songs that didn't sound like rip-offs of Portishead." The demos did not land the band a label deal, but got them the attention of booking agent Frank Riley, who offered them shows with They Might Be Giants, a relationship that has endured as OK Go opened for the band numerous times during this period, was introduced to the band's manager by them.
Though the members of OK Go left for Los Angeles and New York, they consider themselves a Chicago band. In a 2011 interview, Kulash described the band's formative years: “As far as the band is concerned, we only have one home town. We all live in L. A. now but there’s only one period of your life as a band where you’re playing the same clubs every week or every month, you know everybody in every other band. Chicago had such a intense community five years ago when we were here. It’s amazing; the Empty Bottle was. We played at the Metro and the Double Door as well." Though the band had offers from bigger labels, the band signed to Capitol Records in April 2001 believing that, as the first signing by newly hired label president Andy Slater, they would get more attention and support. The band released its debut album, OK Go, on September 17, 2002, after it was pushed back by the label from its original June release date; the album was recorded at the Capitol Studios in Los Angeles and, though the original plan was to do minor tweaks to the original demos, the band ended up rerecording everything and adding five new songs, including the first single "Get Over It," which appeared in Triple Play Baseball and Madden NFL 2003 video games.
To promote the release, the label sent out miniature ping pong tables to press outlets, a reference to the "Get Over It" video directed by Francis Lawrence. In support of the album, the band toured with a diverse group of acts including the Vines, Phantom Planet, the Donnas, Fountains of Wayne, Mew, played a number of festival shows including Leeds in 2002 and 2003, NoisePop, Witnness, T in the Park in 2003. In the United States, the album reached #1 on the Billboard Heatseekers Chart and #107 on the Billboard 200 Chart. In the United Kingdom, the first single "Get Over It" debuted at no. 27, in the UK singles chart on March 16, 2003, the band performed it on that week's edition of Top of the Pops. That week, the single's video was named video of the week by Q magazine; the band's second album, Oh No, was recorded in Malmö, Sweden in the fall of 2004 and was produced by Tore Johansson and mixed by Dave Sardy. After recording, in February 2005, Andy Duncan left the band citing creative differences, major label pressures, the band's rigorous touring schedule.
Duncan was replaced by Andy Ross, who won the job over thirty-four other guitarists who auditioned for the role, in a process that ended with each candidate being asked about his or her willingness to do a choreographed dance on stage. Ross introduced himself to the band's fans by writing a blog entitled "The Will To Rock," in which he detailed life on the road beginning with his first show with the band on February 18, 2005; the album was released in August 2005. Oh No gained popularity for its first single, "A Million Ways". Guitarist Andy Ross invented and programmed a web application hosted at a1000000ways.com which allowed people to hear the single and to share it with their friends in exchange for free downloads from the iTunes music store. The video for "A Million Ways" featured the band in a backyard performing a dance choreographed by lead singer Kulash's sister, Trish Sie. By August 2006, the video had become the most downloaded music video with over
Who's to Say What Stays the Same
Who's to Say What Stays the Same is Avail's first release on vinyl in May 1991. The four songs that make up the album were taken from their second release, "Reaching Out" released on cassette in 1990; the recording of this album took place during December 1989 at Inner Ear Studio. Brien Stewart - Vocals Joe Banks -Guitars Tim Barry - Drums D. J. Grimes - Bass