An island platform is a station layout arrangement where a single platform is positioned between two tracks within a railway station, tram stop or transitway interchange. Island platforms are popular on twin-track routes due to cost-effective reasons, they are useful within larger stations where local and express services for the same direction of travel can be provided from opposite sides of the same platform thereby simplifying transfers between the two tracks. An alternative arrangement is to position side platforms on either side of the tracks; the historical use of island platforms depends upon the location. In the United Kingdom the use of island platforms is common when the railway line is in a cutting or raised on an embankment, as this makes it easier to provide access to the platform without walking across the tracks. Island platforms are necessary for any station with many through platforms. Building small two-track stations with a single island platform instead of two side platforms does have advantages.
Island platforms allow facilities such as shops and waiting rooms to be shared between both tracks rather than being duplicated or present only on one side. An island platform makes it easier for wheelchair users and other people with physical limitations to change services between tracks or access facilities. If the tracks are above or below the entrance level, an island platform layout requires only one staircase and one elevator be built to access the platforms. Building the tracks and entrance at the same level creates a disadvantage. If an island platform is not wide enough to cope with passenger numbers, overcrowding can be a problem. Examples of stations where a narrow island platform has caused safety issues include Clapham Common and Angel on the London Underground. An island platform requires the tracks to diverge around the center platform, extra width is required along the right-of-way on each approach to the station on high-speed lines. Track centers vary for rail systems throughout the world but are 3 to 5 meters.
If the island platform is 6 meters wide, the tracks must slew out by the same distance. While this requirement is not a problem on a new line under construction, it makes building a new station on an existing line impossible without altering the tracks. A single island platform makes it quite difficult to have through tracks, which are between the local tracks. A common configuration in busy locations on high speed lines is a pair of island platforms, with slower trains diverging from the main line so that the main line tracks remain straight. High-speed trains can therefore pass straight through the station, while slow trains pass around the platforms; this arrangement allows the station to serve as a point where slow trains can be passed by faster trains. A variation at some stations is to have the slow and fast pairs of tracks each served by island platforms A rarer layout, present at Mets-Willets Point on the IRT Flushing Line, 34th Street – Penn Station on the IRT Seventh Avenue Line and 34th Street – Penn Station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, uses two side platforms for local services with an island in between for express services.
The purpose of this atypical design was to reduce unnecessary passenger congestion at a station with a high volume of passengers. Since the IRT Seventh Avenue Line and IND Eighth Avenue Line have adjacent express stations at 42nd Street, passengers can make their transfers from local to express trains there, leaving more space available for passengers utilizing intercity rail at Pennsylvania Station; the Willets Point Boulevard station was renovated to accommodate the high volume of passengers coming to the 1939 World's Fair. Many of the stations on the Great Central Railway were constructed in this form; this was. If this happened, the lines would need to be compatible with continental loading gauge, this would mean it would be easy to change the line to a larger gauge, by moving the track away from the platform to allow the wider bodied continental rolling stock to pass while leaving the platform area untouched. Island platforms are a normal sight on Indian railway stations. All railway stations in India consist of island platforms.
In Toronto, 29 subway stations use island platforms. In Sydney, on the Eastern Suburbs Railway and the Epping Chatswood Railway, the twin tunnels are spaced and the tracks can remain at a constant track centres while still leaving room for the island platforms. A slight disadvantage is. In Edmonton, all 18 LRT stations on the Capital Line and Metro Line use island platforms; the Valley Line under construction, utilizes the new low-floor LRT technology, but will only use island platforms on one of the twelve stops along the line. In southern New Jersey and Philadelphia, PATCO uses island platforms in all of its 13 s
The Gangnam District is one of the 25 local government districts which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. Gangnam means "South of the River"; as of the 2017 census, Gangnam District had a population of 561,052. Gangnam District is the third largest district in Seoul, with an area of 39.5 km2. Gangnam is one of three gu that make up the Greater Gangnam Area along with neighboring Seocho District and Songpa District. Combined, these three gu cover 120 km2 of land and had a population of 1,567,881 as of 2010, making up 20% of the area and 15% of the population of Seoul; the Gangnam District office has designated two smoke-free zones within the district. The first is the section of Gangnam Boulevard between exit No. 2 of Gangnam Station of Seoul Subway Line 2 and exit No. 5 of Sinnonhyeon Station of Line 9. Gangnam District is composed of 26 dong: Apgujeong Cheongdam 1 Cheongdam 2 Daechi 1 Daechi 2 Daechi 3 Daechi 4 Dogok 1 Dogok 2 Gaepo 1 Gaepo 2 Gaepo 3 Irwon 1 Irwon 2 Irwon bon Nonhyeon 1 Nonhyeon 2 Samseong 1 Samseong 2 Segok Sinsa Suseo Yeoksam 1 Yeoksam 2 Both the Greater Gangnam Area and Gangnam itself are known for its concentrated wealth and high standard of living, compared to cities such as Beverly Hills, California.
The most significant indicator is its expensive real estate. Seoul as a whole is known for its expensive housing prices—as of 2011, its average apartment cost US$5,500 per m2—but the average price in Gangnam is twice as high US$10,000 per m2, 3.5 times the nationwide average. As for land value, the mere 40 km2 land of Gangnam district rivals with the entire land value of the city of Busan, the second-largest city in South Korea. Combined with the neighboring districts of Seocho and Songpa, the Greater Gangnam Area accounts for 10% of the land value of the entire country. While Seoul's traditional business centers such as Central District, Jongno District, Yongsan District and Yeongdeungpo District still maintain their leading roles and its neighboring districts have fast become the new core across all areas of business over the last few decades. KOSPI 200 companies based in Gangnam district include KEPCO, GS Group, Hyundai Department Store Group, HITEJinro, Hankook Tire, GLOVIS and Korea Zinc Corporation.
Besides, POSCO operates POSCO Center in Teheran Valley, KT&G operates Kosmo Tower. Other notable companies based in Gangnam include Dongbu Fire Insurance, Young Poong Group, T'way Airlines and Hankook P&G. Gangnam is home to many IT and other internet-related companies including NC Soft and Pandora TV, is a strong hub of the country's financial and banking sectors. Many international companies operate key offices in Gangnam, including Google, IBM, AMI. Since January 2012, the area has been home to FNC Entertainment, which moved into its own company offices in Cheongdam-dong, separate from its parent company in the CJ E&M Music Performance Division Building in neighbouring Apgujeong-dong. Other entertainment companies located there include SM Entertainment, JYP Entertainment, Cube Entertainment, Pledis Entertainment, LOEN Entertainment, Source Music, Plan A Entertainment, DSP Media, MBK Entertainment, Nega Network, C-JeS Entertainment, WM Entertainment, NH Media, J. Tune Entertainment, TOP Media, Happy Face Entertainment, Dream Tea Entertainment, Polaris Entertainment, Jellyfish Entertainment, DR Music and Stardom Entertainment.
The Korean subdidiary of American Megatrends, AMI Korea, is headquartered in Daechidong, Gangnam District. Until the early 1980s Gangnam and its neighboring areas had remained the least developed in Seoul, but prodigious development over the last 30 years has earned it a reputation of being one of the most affluent and influential areas in both Seoul and South Korea as a whole. In addition, the COEX Convention & Exhibition Center in Gangnam hosted several international conferences such as the 2010 G-20 summit and the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit. South Korea is known for its high standard of education and intense competition for university entrance, Gangnam is considered the national capital of education, one of the decisive factors to make Gangnam the most attractive destination in South Korea. In 2010 6% of the successful candidates to Seoul National University, considered the best university in South Korea, were from Gangnam district, while Gangnam's population makes up only 1% of the country's population.
In 2008, 22.7 out of 1,000 students in Gangnam district went abroad to study, while the nation's average ratio in the same time frame was only 3.6 per 1,000 students. Following the substantial raising of the profile of the Gangnam district internationally, the area has become a popular destination for international students seeking Korean language lessons, marking the rise of Korea as a'study tourism' destination. Both long-standing locally owned schools such as the Seoul Korean Academy, more recent foreign-owned entities such as Lexis Korea report a significant increase in interest in the location. International schools: Korea International School Seoul Academy International School Former schools Japanese School in Seoul The important business district around Teheranno runs east-west from Gangnam Station to Samseong Station and the COEX Convention & Exhibition Center-Korean World Trade Center complex. Several popular shopping and entertainment
Anguk Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 3 in Jongno-gu, Seoul. Anguk station is the subway station nearest to the Insadong and Samcheongdong districts, as well as the ancient royal residence of Unhyeongung. Exit 1: Deokseong Girls' Middle & High Schools. Jeongdok Public Library Exit 2: Jaedong Elementary School Exit 3: Changdeokgung, Hyundai Mobis Headquarters Exit 4: Unhyeongung,Nakwon Sangka Exit 5: Seoul Elderly Welfare Center Exit 6: Jongno Police Station,Insadong In January 2013, the Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation, which operates this line, published free guidebooks in three languages: English and Chinese, which features eight tours as well as recommendations for accommodations and shopping centers; the tours are designed with different themes, e.g. Korean traditional culture, which goes from Jongno 3-ga Station to this station and Gyeongbokgung Station on line No 3 that showcases antique shops and art galleries of Insa-dong. In March 2018 Anguk Station of Seoul Subway Line 3 will be transformed into a history of independence movement themes for the first time in Korea.
Seoul City is the only one among 950 subway and urban railway stations nationwide to mark the 99 years of the March 1 Independence Movement theme history The four-story platform section of Anguk Station will contain the achievements and quotations of 80 independence activists including Kim Gu, Ahn Jung-geun, Yoon Bong-gil, Yoo Gwan-sun and Lee Bong-chang. The second and third basement floors of this year will be built with independence movement and temporary government as the theme of the exhibition and rest area
Nokbeon Station is a station on Seoul Subway Line 3 in Eunpyeong-gu, Seoul
Baekseok Station is a station located in Ilsan, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. It is served by Seoul Subway Line 3. There are many stores and restaurants close to the station, including a Costco store
Gupabal Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 3. Some Line 3 trains only offer service up to this station, although it is not the technical end of Line 3; the name comes from ` Pabal', a Joseon-era post station. Nearby attractions include Jingwan Neighborhood Park, Gupabal Falls, Bukhansan National Park and Seooreung, a cluster of royal tombs
Hongje Station is a rapid transit station on Seoul Subway Line 3 in Seodaemun-gu, Seoul