A dais is a raised platform at the front of a room or hall for one or more speakers or honored guests. The dais was a part of the floor at the end of a medieval hall, raised a step above the rest of the room. On this, the master of the household or assembly dined with his senior associates and friends at the high table, while the other guests occupied the lower area of the room. In medieval halls there was a deep recessed bay window at one or both ends of the dais, which provided retirement or greater privacy than the open hall; the dais area had its own doorway for admission from the master's chambers, whereas most of the guests entered through a doorway leading into the main area of the hall. At military parades, the dais is the raised, sometimes covered, platform from where the troops are reviewed, addresses are made, salutes are taken, it can have stairs and a throne. In life drawing rooms of art schools, the platform where the model poses for the students is sometimes referred to as the dais.

The first written record of the word dais in English is from the thirteenth century. It stopped being used in English around 1600 but was revived by antiquarians in the early 19th century with the disyllabic pronunciation, it comes from the Anglo-French deis, meaning "table" or "platform", which comes from Medieval Latin discus, meaning "table", earlier "disc" or "dish". Podium Pulpit "Dais". New International Encyclopedia. 1905

Perfection (Sandra Bernhard EP)

Perfection is an EP by Sandra Bernhard, released in 2008. The original full version of the song appears on her 2007 live album "Everything Bad & Beautiful". "Perfection" – 2:58 "Perfection" – 8:34 "Perfection" – 9:15 "Perfection" – 5:44 "Perfection" – 5:28 "Perfection" – 8:44 Original Release Date: September 9, 2008 on Breaking Records. The original track appears on the 2007 Enhanced CD "Everything Bad & Beautiful" produced by Eve Nelson and the mixes were courtesy of Executive Producer William Daniels of Bug Music; the EP Featured 5 remixes from DJ's like DJ Louie Balo and Trakkula. Perfection was featured by DJ Mike Rizzo on PULSE 87 radio as well as, I Party Radio, Music Choice, AOL Radio and Party Radio USA. It is available digitally everywhere. Larry Flick, Host of Out Q In the Morning with Larry Flick said, "A slammin' blend of banging beats and Sandra's astute view of pop culture. Nutritious to the brain and booty." All Music Guide, "Perfection," a strange club track best suited for sardonic dance floors.":Label official website: AMAZON:Label official website: AMAZON: Producer Eve Nelson Official website

Edzard Ernst

Edzard Ernst is a retired academic physician and researcher specializing in the study of complementary and alternative medicine. He was Professor of Complementary Medicine at the University of Exeter, the first such academic position in the world. Ernst served as chairman of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the University of Vienna, but left this position in 1993 to set up the department of Complementary Medicine at the University of Exeter in England, he became director of complementary medicine of the Peninsula Medical School in 2002. Ernst was the first occupant of the Laing chair in Complementary Medicine, retiring in 2011, he was born and trained in Germany, where he began his medical career at a homeopathic hospital in Munich, since 1999 has been a British citizen. Ernst is the founder of two medical journals: Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies and Perfusion. Ernst's writing appeared in a regular column in The Guardian, where he reviewed news stories about complementary medicine from an evidence-based medicine perspective.

Since his research began on alternative modalities, Ernst has been seen as "the scourge of alternative medicine" for publishing critical research that exposes methods that lack documentation of efficacy. In 2015 he was awarded the John Maddox Prize, sponsored jointly by Sense About Science and Nature, for courage in standing up for science. Harriet Hall calls Ernst the "world's foremost expert... on CAM". Ernst was born in Germany in 1948; as a child, his family doctor was a homeopath, at the time he saw it as part of medicine. His father and grandfather were both doctors, his mother was a laboratory assistant. Ernst wanted to be a musician, but his mother persuaded him that medicine might be a good "sideline" career for him to pursue. Ernst qualified as a doctor in Germany in 1978 where he completed his M. D. and Ph. D. theses. He has received training in acupuncture, autogenic training, homoeopathy, massage therapy and spinal manipulation, he learned homeopathy and other modalities whilst at a homeopathic hospital in Munich, when he began his medical career.

In 1988, he became Professor in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Hannover Medical School and in 1990 Head of the PMR Department at the University of Vienna. The world's first professor of complementary medicine, Ernst researches complementary medicine with an emphasis on efficacy and safety, his research surveys systematic reviews and meta-analyses of clinical trials. He has over 700 papers published in scientific journals, he has said that about five percent of alternative medicine is backed by evidence, with the remainder being either insufficiently studied or backed by evidence showing lack of efficacy. Ernst's department at Exeter defined complementary medicine as "diagnosis, treatment and/or prevention which complements mainstream medicine by contributing to a common whole, by satisfying a demand not met by orthodoxy or by diversifying the conceptual frameworks of medicine."Ernst asserts that, in Germany and Austria, complementary techniques are practiced by qualified physicians, whereas in the UK they are practiced by others.

He argues that the term "Complementary and Alternative Medicine" is an nonsensical umbrella term, that distinctions between its modalities must be made. Since his research began on alternative modalities, Ernst has been seen as "the scourge of alternative medicine" for publishing critical research. In a 2008 publication in the British Journal of General Practice, his listed treatments that "demonstrably generate more good than harm" was limited to acupuncture for nausea and osteoarthritis. In our book More Good Than Harm?... ethicist Kevin Smith and I discuss the many ethical issues around alternative medicine and conclude that it is not possible to practice alternative medicine ethically. In 2005, a report by economist Christopher Smallwood commissioned by Prince Charles, claimed that CAM was cost-effective and should be available in the National Health Service. Ernst was enlisted as a collaborator on the report, but asked for his name to be removed after a sight of the draft report convinced him that Smallwood had "written the conclusions before looking at the evidence".

The report did not address whether CAM treatments were effective and Ernst described it as "complete misleading rubbish". Ernst was, in turn, criticised by The Lancet editor Richard Horton for disclosing contents of the report while it was still in draft form. In a 29 August 2005 letter to The Times Horton wrote: "Professor Ernst seems to have broken every professional code of scientific behaviour by disclosing correspondence referring to a document, in the process of being reviewed and revised prior to publication; this breach of confidence is to be deplored."Prince Charles' private secretary, Sir Michael Peat filed a complaint regarding breached confidentiality with Exeter University. Although he was "cleared of wrongdoing", Ernst has said that circumstances surrounding the ensuing university investigation led to his retirement. In the 1 January 2006 edition of the British Journal of General Practice, Ernst gave a detailed criticism of the report. In 2008, Ernst and Simon Singh published Trick or Treatment?

Alternative Medicine on Trial. The authors challenge