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Jerolim Kavanjin, a Dalmatian poet who supported Dalmatianism.
Antonio Bajamonti, Mayor of Split, leader of the Autonomist Party.

Dalmatianism or Dalmatian nationalism refers to the nationalism or patriotism of Dalmatians and Dalmatian culture. There were significant Dalmatian nationalists in the 19th century, but Dalmatian regional nationalism faded in significance over time in favor of ethnic nationalism.[1]

17th century Dalmatian poet Jerolim Kavanjin (Girolamo Cavagnini) exhibited Dalmatianism, identifying himself as "Dalmatian" and calling Dalmatia his homeland, which John Fine interprets not to have been a nationalist notion.[2]

During Dalmatia's incorporation in Austrian Empire, with the Autonomist Party in Dalmatia refusing and opposed plans to incorporate Dalmatia into Croatia; instead it supported an autonomous Dalmatia based on a multicultural association of Dalmatia's ethnic communities: Croats, Serbs, and Italians, united as Dalmatians.[3] The Autonomist Party has been accused of secretly having been a pro-Italian movement due to their defense of the rights of ethnic Italians in Dalmatia,[3] this was in part because name "Dalmatia" was a Roman-created name.[4] Also support for the autonomy of Dalmatia, had deep historic roots in identifying Dalmatian culture as linking Western culture via Venetian Italian influence and Eastern culture via South Slavic influence, such a view was supported by Dalmatian autonomist Stipan Ivičević,[5] the Autonomist Party did not claim to be an Italian movement, and indicated that it sympathized with a sense of hetereogeneity amongst Dalmatians in opposition to ethnic nationalism.[3] In the 1861 elections, the Autonomists won twenty-seven seats in Dalmatia, while Dalmatia's Croatian nationalist movement, the People's Party, won only fourteen seats.[6]

The issue of autonomy of Dalmatia was debated after the creation of Yugoslavia in 1918, due to divisions within Dalmatia over proposals of merging the region with the territories composing the former Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.[7] Proposals for the autonomy of Dalmatia within Yugoslavia were made by Dalmatians within the Yugoslav Partisans during World War II, however these proposals were strongly opposed by Croatian Communists and the proposals were soon abandoned.[8]

Dalmatian National Party[edit]

Dalmatian National Party (Croatian: Dalmatinska nacionalna stranka, Dalmatian: Partito Nasionale Dalmata) is political organisation in Croatia (despite its name, it is not registered as political party ) which promotes revival of Dalmatian language and creation of autonomous region of Dalmatia in Dalmatia and Quarnaro islands region.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Egbert Jahn. Nationalism in Late and Post-Communist Europe: The Failed Nationalism of the Multinational and Partial National States , Volume 1. Nomos, 2008. P. 330. In the course of this development, regional nationalism (for example Bohemian, Transylvanian, Montenegrin, and Dalmatian nationalism) declined in importance almost everywhere and had to give way to ethnic nationalism.
  2. ^ When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans: A Study of Identity in Pre-Nationalist Croatia, Dalmatia, and Slavonia in the Medieval and Early-Modern Periods. University of Michigan Press, 2006. P. 287. Besides this pan-Slavism, which produced in him the identity that came closest to being ethnic, Kavanjin exhibited the noted "Dalmatianism". This local "Dalmatian" identity was the only competitor "Slavic" had. And, after all, as he said, Dalmatia was his homeland. And two such identities could easily co-exist and both could have "ethnic" ingredients.
  3. ^ a b c Maura Hametz. In the Name of Italy: Nation, Family, and Patriotism in a Fascist Court: Nation, Family, and Patriotism in a Fascist Court. Fordham University Press, 2012.
  4. ^ Ivo Banac. The National Question in Yugoslavia: Origins, History, Politics. P. 36.
  5. ^ Dominique Reill. Nationalists Who Feared the Nation: Adriatic Multi-Nationalism in Habsburg Dalmatia, Trieste, and Venice. Stanford, California, USA: Stanford University Press, 2012. P. 216.
  6. ^ Ivo Goldstein. Croatia: A History. 2nd edition. C. Hurst & Co, 1999, 2001. P. 80.
  7. ^ Ivo Banac. The National Question in Yugoslavia: Origins, History, Politics. Ithaca, New York, USA: Cornell University Press, 1984. P. 351.
  8. ^ Aleksa Đilas. Contested Country: Yugoslav Unity and Communist Revolution, 1919-1953. Harvard University Press, 1991. Pp. 172.
  9. ^ http://dalmazia.page.tl/
  10. ^ Robert Stallaerts. Historical Dictionary of Croatia. Plymouth, England, UK: Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2010. Pp. 90.
  11. ^ Janusz Bugajski. Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe: A Guide to Nationality Policies, Organizations, and Parties. M.E. Sharpe, 1995. P. 63.